Results for 'E. Garrard'

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  1.  6
    What is the Role of the Research Ethics Committee?: Paternalism, Inducements, and Harm in Research Ethics.E. Garrard & A. Dawson - 2005 - Journal of Medical Ethics 31 (7):419-423.
    In a recent paper Edwards, Kirchin, and Huxtable have argued that research ethics committees are often wrongfully paternalistic in their approach to medical research. They argue that it should be left to competent potential research subjects to make judgments about the acceptability of harms and benefits relating to research, and that this is not a legitimate role for any REC. They allow an exception to their overall antipaternalism, however, in that they think RECs should have the power to prohibit the (...)
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  2.  31
    Passive Euthanasia.E. Garrard & S. Wilkinson - 2005 - Journal of Medical Ethics 31 (2):64-68.
    The idea of passive euthanasia has recently been attacked in a particularly clear and explicit way by an “Ethics Task Force” established by the European Association of Palliative Care in February 2001. It claims that the expression “passive euthanasia” is a contradiction in terms and hence that there can be no such thing. This paper critically assesses the main arguments for the Task Force’s view. Three arguments are considered. Firstly, an argument based on the wrongness of euthanasia and the permissibility (...)
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  3.  34
    What is the Role of the Research Ethics Committee? Paternalism, Inducements, and Harm in Research Ethics.E. Garrard - 2005 - Journal of Medical Ethics 31 (7):419-423.
    In a recent paper Edwards, Kirchin, and Huxtable have argued that research ethics committees (RECs) are often wrongfully paternalistic in their approach to medical research. They argue that it should be left to competent potential research subjects to make judgments about the acceptability of harms and benefits relating to research, and that this is not a legitimate role for any REC. They allow an exception to their overall antipaternalism, however, in that they think RECs should have the power to prohibit (...)
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  4.  69
    Passive Euthanasia.E. Garrard - 2005 - Journal of Medical Ethics 31 (2):65-68.
    The idea of passive euthanasia has recently been attacked in a particularly clear and explicit way by an “Ethics Task Force” established by the European Association of Palliative Care in February 2001. It claims that the expression “passive euthanasia” is a contradiction in terms and hence that there can be no such thing. This paper critically assesses the main arguments for the Task Force’s view. Three arguments are considered. Firstly, an argument based on the wrongness of euthanasia and the permissibility (...)
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  5.  5
    Slote on Virtue.E. Garrard - 2000 - Analysis 60 (3):280-284.
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  6.  67
    Bodily Integrity and the Sale of Human Organs.S. Wilkinson & E. Garrard - 1996 - Journal of Medical Ethics 22 (6):334-339.
    Existing arguments against paid organ donation are examined and found to be unconvincing. It is argued that the real reason why organ sale is generally thought to be wrong is that (a) bodily integrity is highly valued and (b) the removal of healthy organs constitutes a violation of this integrity. Both sale and (free) donation involve a violation of bodily integrity. In the case of the latter, though, the disvalue of the violation is typically outweighed by the presence of other (...)
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  7.  15
    Appropriating the Past: Philosophical Perspectives on the Practice of Archaeology.Geoffrey Scarre & Robin Coningham (eds.) - 2012 - Cambridge University Press.
    Machine generated contents note: 1. Introduction Geoffrey Scarre and Robin Coningham; Part I. Claiming the Past: 2. The values of the past James O. Young; 3. Whose past? archaeological knowledge, community knowledge, and the embracing of conflict Piotr Bienkowski; 4. The past people want: heritage for the majority? Cornelius Holtorf; 5. The ethics of repatriation: rights of possession and duties of respect Janna Thompson; 6. On archaeological ethics and letting go Larry J. Zimmerman; 7. Hintang and the dilemma of benevolence: (...)
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  8. Forgiveness.Eve Garrard & David McNaughton - 2010 - Routledge.
    Forgiveness usually gets a very good press in our culture: we are deluged with self-help books and television shows all delivering the same message, that forgiveness is good for everyone, and is always the right thing to do. But those who have suffered seriously at the hands of others often and rightly feel that this boosterism about forgiveness is glib and facile. Perhaps forgiveness is not always desirable, especially where the wrongdoing is terrible or the wrongdoer unrepentant. In this book, (...)
     
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  9. In Defence of Unconditional Forgiveness.Eve Garrard & David McNaughton - 2003 - Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 103 (1):39-60.
    In this paper, the principal objections to unconditional forgiveness are canvassed, primarily that it fails to take wrongdoing seriously enough, and that it displays a lack of self-respect. It is argued that these objections stem from a mistaken understanding of what forgiveness actually involves, including the erroneous view that forgiveness involves some degree of condoning of the offence, and is incompatible with blaming the offender or punishing him. Two positive reasons for endorsing unconditional forgiveness are considered: respect for persons and (...)
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  10. In Defence of Unconditional Forgiveness.Eve Garrard & David McNaughton - 2003 - Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 103 (1):39–60.
    In this paper, the principal objections to unconditional forgiveness are canvassed, primarily that it fails to take wrongdoing seriously enough, and that it displays a lack of self-respect. It is argued that these objections stem from a mistaken understanding of what forgiveness actually involves, including the erroneous view that forgiveness involves some degree of condoning of the offence, and is incompatible with blaming the offender or punishing him. Two positive reasons for endorsing unconditional forgiveness are considered: respect for persons and (...)
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  11. Evil as an Explanatory Concept.Eve Garrard - 2002 - The Monist 85 (2):320-336.
    On the day on which Dr Harold Shipman, the Manchester serial killer, was convicted, there was wall-to-wall coverage of it in the media. During the course of one of the many reports, the daughter of one of his victims was interviewed, and asked for her views on why Shipman had acted as he did. What she said was this: she’d tried and tried to understand or explain his deeds, and she could only come to the conclusion that he was a (...)
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  12. The Nature of Evil.Eve Garrard - 1998 - Philosophical Explorations 1 (1):43 – 60.
    We readily claim that great moral catastrophes such as the Holocaust involve evil in some way, although it' not clear what this amounts to in a secular context. This paper seeks to provide a secular account of what evil is. It examines what is intuitively the most plausible account, namely that the evil act involves the production of great suffering (or other disvalue), and argues that such outcomes are neither necessary nor sufficient for an act to be evil. Only an (...)
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  13.  74
    Mapping Moral Motivation.Eve Garrard & David McNaughton - 1998 - Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 1 (1):45-59.
    In this paper we defend a version of moral internalism and a cognitivist account of motivation against recent criticisms. The internalist thesis we espouse claims that, if an agent believes she has reason to A, then she is motivated to A. Discussion of counter-examples has been clouded by the absence of a clear account of the nature of motivation. While we can only begin to provide such an account in this paper, we do enough to show that our version of (...)
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  14.  67
    Forgiveness and the Holocaust.Eve Garrard - 2002 - Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 5 (2):147-165.
    This paper considers whether we have any reason to forgive the perpetrators of the most terrible atrocities, such as the Holocaust. On the face of it, we do not have reason to forgive in such cases. But on examination, the principal arguments against forgiveness do not turn out to be persuasive. Two considerations in favour of forgiveness are canvassed: the presence of rational agency in the perpetrators, and the common human nature which they share with us. It is argued that (...)
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  15.  33
    Speak No Evil?1.Eve Garrard & David McNaughton - 2012 - Midwest Studies in Philosophy 36 (1):1-17.
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  16. Counter-Enlightenments: From the Eighteenth-Century to the Present.Graeme Garrard - 2005 - Routledge.
    The Enlightenment and its legacy are still actively debated, with the Enlightenment acting as a key organizing concept in philosophy, social theory and the history of ideas. Counter-Enlightenments is the first full-length study to deal with the history and development of the Counter-Enlightenment thought from its inception in the eighteenth century right through to the present. Engaging in a critical dialogue with Isiah Berlin's work, this book analyses the concept of Counter-Enlightenment and some of the most important conceptual issues and (...)
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  17.  94
    Hope and Terminal Illness: False Hope Versus Absolute Hope.Eve Garrard & Anthony Wrigley - 2009 - Clinical Ethics 4 (1):38-43.
    Sustaining hope in patients is an important element of health care, allowing improvement in patient welfare and quality of life. However in the palliative care context, with patients who are terminally ill, it might seem that in order to maintain hope the palliative care practitioner would sometimes have to deceive the patient about the full nature or prospects of their condition by providing a ‘false hope’. This possibility creates an ethical tension in palliative practice, where the beneficent desire to improve (...)
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  18.  94
    Slote on Virtue.Eve Garrard - 2000 - Analysis 60 (3):280–284.
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  19.  22
    Rousseau, Maistre, and the Counter-Enlightenment.G. Garrard - 1994 - History of Political Thought 15 (1):97-120.
    In this paper, I argue that Rousseau is an important precursor of the Counter-Enlightenment. To this end, I will examine the parallels between his partial critique of the Enlightenment and that of Joseph de Maistre, whose work represents one of the most comprehensive and systematic indictments of the central ideas and objectives of the Enlightenment. Despite his frequent denunciations of Rousseau's ideas and influence, Maistre shares with him a profound concern for what he takes to be the disastrous social and (...)
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  20.  26
    Alternatives to the Grandmother Hypothesis.Beverly I. Strassmann & Wendy M. Garrard - 2011 - Human Nature 22 (1-2):201-222.
    We conducted a meta-analysis of 17 studies that tested for an association between grandparental survival and grandchild survival in patrilineal populations. Using two different methodologies, we found that the survival of the maternal grandmother and grandfather, but not the paternal grandmother and grandfather, was associated with decreased grandoffspring mortality. These results are consistent with the findings of psychological studies in developed countries (Coall and Hertwig Behavioral and Brain Sciences 33:1-59, 2010). When tested against the predictions of five hypotheses (confidence of (...)
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  21.  6
    Thick Concepts Revisited: A Reply to Burton.Eve Garrard & Alonso Church - 1993 - Analysis 53 (1):57.
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  22.  14
    Structure and Deterioration of Semantic Memory: A Neuropsychological and Computational Investigation.Timothy T. Rogers, Matthew A. Lambon Ralph, Peter Garrard, Sasha Bozeat, James L. McClelland, John R. Hodges & Karalyn Patterson - 2004 - Psychological Review 111 (1):205-235.
  23.  11
    Eve Garrard and David McNaughton , Forgiveness . Reviewed By.Jennifer Davis - 2012 - Philosophy in Review 32 (5):379-380.
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  24.  8
    An Examination of the Philosophy of Bacon: Wherein Different Questions of Rational Philosophy Are Treated. Joseph de Maistre, Richard A. Lebrun.Graeme Garrard - 1999 - Isis 90 (4):806-806.
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  25. Brunelleschi's Egg: Nature, Art, and Gender in Renaissance Italy.Mary D. Garrard - 2010 - University of California Press.
    Introduction -- Great Mother Nature -- The gendering of nature as female : from prehistory through the Middle Ages -- Nature and art in the Quattrocento : from pupil to equal -- Technology and the mastery of physical nature : Brunelleschi and Alberti -- Genesis and the reproduction of life : Masaccio and Michelangelo -- The rebirth of Venus and the feminization of beauty : Botticelli -- A balance of power : pictorial metaphors for nature in transition -- Nature's special (...)
     
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  26.  15
    Brief Lives: Niccolò Machiavelli (1469-1527).Graeme Garrard - 2013 - Philosophy Now 97:34-35.
  27. Duty and the Will of God.Lancelot Austin Garrard - 1938 - Oxford, Basil Blackwell.
     
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  28.  48
    Evil Revisited - Responses to Hamilton.Eve Garrard - 1999 - Philosophical Explorations 2 (2):139 – 142.
    In "The Nature of Evil"2 I offer an analysis of evil action, in a sense distinct from merely very wrong action, in which I claim that the evil act is one in which the agent silences overwhelming considerations against performing the act. Christopher Hamilton 's interesting commentary raises five objections against my account of evil in terms of silenced reasons I shall argue that all five objections can be met.
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  29.  15
    Forgiveness and Love, by Glen Pettigrove: Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2012 Pp. X + 174, $34.00.Eve Garrard - 2013 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 91 (4):818-821.
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  30.  13
    Forgiveness and Love, by Glen Pettigrove: Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2012 Pp. X + 174, $34.00. [REVIEW]Eve Garrard - 2013 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 91 (4):818-821.
  31.  4
    Forgiving for Good.Eve Garrard & David McNaughton - 2011 - The Philosophers' Magazine 52:43-48.
    The repentant offender has placed himself on the side of right, so to speak – he now stands with the victim against his own previous bad behaviour, which he now rejects. He’s a proper recipient for the gift of forgiveness. It can be morally appropriate to wipe the slate clean for him. But the unrepentant offender has undergone no such change. Why should we wipe the slate clean for such a person?
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  32. Humility: From Sacred Virtue to Secular Vice?Eve Garrard & David McNaughton - unknown
    Some of the virtues have a very stable place in our understanding of goodness – beneficence and courage are unlikely ever to lose their high standing. But other virtues have something like a life cycle: they move from a marginal status to to a central one, and sometimes they move back again to the margins, or even beyond the domain of virtue altogether. Chastity is one example of this; humility is another. There was a period in which humility wasn’t a (...)
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  33.  13
    Holmgren, Margaret. Forgiveness and Retribution: Responding to Wrongdoing.New York: Cambridge University Press, 2012. Pp. 297. £60.00. [REVIEW]Eve Garrard - 2013 - Ethics 124 (1):187-192.
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  34.  16
    Joseph de Maistre: An Intellectual Militant Richard Lebrun , 366 Pp., N.P. [REVIEW]G. Garrard - 1992 - History of European Ideas 14 (2):283-284.
  35.  9
    Joseph de Maistre: An Intellectual Militant.Graeme Garrard - 1992 - History of European Ideas 14 (2):283-284.
  36.  17
    Jean-Jacques Rousseau (1712-1778).Graeme Garrard - 2012 - Philosophy Now 90:32-34.
  37.  73
    Forgiving for Good.Eve Garrard & David McNaughton - 2011 - The Philosophers' Magazine 52 (52):43-48.
    The repentant offender has placed himself on the side of right, so to speak – he now stands with the victim against his own previous bad behaviour, which he now rejects. He’s a proper recipient for the gift of forgiveness. It can be morally appropriate to wipe the slate clean for him. But the unrepentant offender has undergone no such change. Why should we wipe the slate clean for such a person?
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  38.  34
    Landscape Junkies.Eve Garrard - 2006 - The Philosophers' Magazine 33:26-30.
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  39.  1
    Landscape Junkies.Eve Garrard - 2006 - The Philosophers' Magazine 33:26-30.
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  40.  35
    Living with Scepticism.Eve Garrard - 2007 - The Philosophers' Magazine 38:49-50.
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  41.  2
    Living with Scepticism.Eve Garrard - 2007 - The Philosophers' Magazine 38:49-50.
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  42.  43
    Nietzsche Contra Lawrence: How to Be True to the Earth.Greg Garrard - 2006 - Colloquy 12:10-27.
    Both Nietzsche and Lawrence have been identified as important fore- runners and progenitors in the development of an ecocentric, “posthumanist” worldview. Nietzsche suggested, and Lawrence developed, the notion of an anti-mechanistic “gay science”. Both writers rejected the Christian denigration of nature, the Romantic notion of a “return to nature” and the instrumentalisation of nature by industrial rationality in favour of a conception of the good life founded in the body and an almost utopian “ascent to nature”. However, since the ascent (...)
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  43.  94
    Review Article: The War Against the Enlightenment.Graeme Garrard - 2011 - European Journal of Political Theory 10 (2):277-286.
  44.  15
    Review: Margaret Holmgren, Forgiveness and Retribution: Responding to Wrongdoing. [REVIEW]Eve Garrard - forthcoming - Philosophical Explorations.
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  45.  27
    Spiritual Elders: Charisma and Tradition in Russian Orthodoxy.John Garrard - 2013 - The European Legacy 18 (6):764-765.
  46. Strange Reversals: Berlin on Enlightenment and Counter-Enlightenment.Graeme Garrard - 2007 - In George Crowder & Henry Hardy (eds.), The One and the Many: Reading Isaiah Berlin. Prometheus Books. pp. 141--58.
     
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  47.  21
    Thick Concepts Revisited: A Reply to Burton.Eve Garrard & David McNaughton - 1993 - Analysis 53 (1):57 - 58.
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  48.  18
    Worlds Without Us: Some Types of Disanthropy.Greg Garrard - 2012 - Substance 41 (1):40-60.
  49.  34
    Joseph de Maistre's Civilization and its Discontents.Graeme Garrard - 1996 - Journal of the History of Ideas 57 (3):429-446.
  50.  23
    The Curious Enlightenment of Professor Rorty.Graeme Garrard - 2000 - Critical Review 14 (4):421-439.
    Richard Rorty has devised a highly distinctive strategy for resisting what Michel Foucault once denounced as “the blackmail of the Enlightenment,” according to which one is forced to take a stand either for or against it. Rorty distinguishes between the liberal political values of the Enlightenment, which he embraces “unflinchingly,” and its universal philosophical claims about truth, reason and nature, which he completely renounces. Rorty argues that Enlightenment values are not sustained by “Enlightenment” metaphysics, and can therefore survive the loss (...)
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