Results for 'Easheta Shah'

695 found
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  1. A comprehensive update on CIDO: the community-based coronavirus infectious disease ontology.Yongqun He, Hong Yu, Anthony Huffman, Asiyah Yu Lin, Darren A. Natale, John Beverley, Ling Zheng, Yehoshua Perl, Zhigang Wang, Yingtong Liu, Edison Ong, Yang Wang, Philip Huang, Long Tran, Jinyang Du, Zalan Shah, Easheta Shah, Roshan Desai, Hsin-hui Huang, Yujia Tian, Eric Merrell, William D. Duncan, Sivaram Arabandi, Lynn M. Schriml, Jie Zheng, Anna Maria Masci, Liwei Wang, Hongfang Liu, Fatima Zohra Smaili, Robert Hoehndorf, Zoë May Pendlington, Paola Roncaglia, Xianwei Ye, Jiangan Xie, Yi-Wei Tang, Xiaolin Yang, Suyuan Peng, Luxia Zhang, Luonan Chen, Junguk Hur, Gilbert S. Omenn, Brian Athey & Barry Smith - 2022 - Journal of Biomedical Semantics 13 (1):25.
    The current COVID-19 pandemic and the previous SARS/MERS outbreaks of 2003 and 2012 have resulted in a series of major global public health crises. We argue that in the interest of developing effective and safe vaccines and drugs and to better understand coronaviruses and associated disease mechenisms it is necessary to integrate the large and exponentially growing body of heterogeneous coronavirus data. Ontologies play an important role in standard-based knowledge and data representation, integration, sharing, and analysis. Accordingly, we initiated the (...)
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  2.  66
    How Truth Governs Belief.Nishi Shah - 2003 - Philosophical Review 112 (4):447-482.
    Why, when asking oneself whether to believe that p, must one immediately recognize that this question is settled by, and only by, answering the question whether p is true? Truth is not an optional end for first-personal doxastic deliberation, providing an instrumental or extrinsic reason that an agent may take or leave at will. Otherwise there would be an inferential step between discovering the truth with respect to p and determining whether to believe that p, involving a bridge premise that (...)
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  3. Doxastic deliberation.Nishi Shah & J. David Velleman - 2005 - Philosophical Review 114 (4):497-534.
    Believing that p, assuming that p, and imagining that p involve regarding p as true—or, as we shall call it, accepting p. What distinguishes belief from the other modes of acceptance? We claim that conceiving of an attitude as a belief, rather than an assumption or an instance of imagining, entails conceiving of it as an acceptance that is regulated for truth, while also applying to it the standard of being correct if and only if it is true. We argue (...)
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  4. Profile In Courage: Dr. L. P. Shah.H. Shah - 2004 - Mens Sana Monographs 2 (1):1.
     
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  5. How truth governs belief.Nishi Shah - 2003 - Philosophical Review 112 (4):447-482.
    Why, when asking oneself whether to believe that p, must one immediately recognize that this question is settled by, and only by, answering the question whether p is true? Truth is not an optional end for first-personal doxastic deliberation, providing an instrumental or extrinsic reason that an agent may take or leave at will. Otherwise there would be an inferential step between discovering the truth with respect to p and determining whether to believe that p, involving a bridge premise that (...)
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  6.  32
    When to start paediatric testing of the adult HIV cure research agenda?Seema K. Shah - 2017 - Journal of Medical Ethics 43 (2):82-86.
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  7. Shah Muhammad (992-1072/1584-1661) Shah Muhammad ibn'abd Ahmad was born in arkasa, in badakhshan, and spent his first two decades there. [REVIEW]Shah Waliyullah & Wali Allah - 2006 - In Oliver Leaman (ed.), The biographical encyclopedia of Islamic philosophy. New York: Thoemmes Continuum. pp. 2--266.
     
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  8. A new argument for evidentialism.Nishi Shah - 2006 - Philosophical Quarterly 56 (225):481–498.
    When we deliberate whether to believe some proposition, we feel immediately compelled to look for evidence of its truth. Philosophers have labelled this feature of doxastic deliberation 'transparency'. I argue that resolving the disagreement in the ethics of belief between evidentialists and pragmatists turns on the correct explanation of transparency. My hypothesis is that it reflects a conceptual truth about belief: a belief that p is correct if and only if p. This normative truth entails that only evidence can be (...)
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  9.  87
    The separability of working memory resources for spatial thinking and language processing: an individual differences approach.Priti Shah & Akira Miyake - 1996 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 125 (1):4.
  10.  42
    A narrative review of the empirical evidence on public attitudes on brain death and vital organ transplantation: the need for better data to inform policy.Seema K. Shah, Kenneth Kasper & Franklin G. Miller - 2015 - Journal of Medical Ethics 41 (4):291-296.
  11.  16
    The Conclusive Argument from God: Shāh Walī Allāh of Delhi's Ḥujjat Allāh al-Bāligha.Shāh Walī Allāh - 2020 - BRILL.
    This important and comprehensive work of 18th-century Islamic religious thought written in Arabic by a pre-eminent South Asian scholar provides an extensive and detailed picture of Muslim theology and interpretive strategies on the eve of the modern period.
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  12.  18
    Managing the Complexity of Dialogues in Context: A Data-Driven Discovery Method for Dialectical Reply Structures.Olena Yaskorska-Shah - 2021 - Argumentation 35 (4):551-580.
    Current formal dialectical models postulate normative rules that enable discussants to conduct dialogical interactions without committing fallacies. Though the rules for conducting a dialogue are supposed to apply to interactions between actual arguers, they are without exception theoretically motivated. This creates a gap between model and reality, because dialogue participants typically leave important content-related elements implicit. Therefore, analysts cannot readily relate normative rules to actual debates in ways that will be empirically confirmable. This paper details a new, data-driven method for (...)
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  13. Clearing Space For Doxastic Voluntarism.Nishi Shah - 2002 - The Monist 85 (3):436-445.
    It is common for philosophers to claim that doxastic voluntarism, the view that an agent can form beliefs voluntarily, is false, and therefore that agents do not have the kind of control over their beliefs required for a straightforward application of deontological concepts such as obligation or duty in the domain of epistemology. The role that the denial of doxastic voluntarism plays in an argument to the effect that agents do not have obligations with respect to belief is simply this.
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  14. How Action Governs Intention.Nishi Shah - 2008 - Philosophers' Imprint 8:1-19.
    Why can't deliberation conclude in an intention except by considering whether to perform the intended action? I argue that the answer to this question entails that reasons for intention are determined by reasons for action. Understanding this feature of practical deliberation thus allows us to solve the toxin puzzle.
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  15.  77
    Is it justifiable to abandon all search for a logic of discovery?Mehul Shah - 2007 - International Studies in the Philosophy of Science 21 (3):253 – 269.
    In his influential paper, 'Why Was the Logic of Discovery Abandoned?', Laudan contends that there has been no philosophical rationale for a logic of discovery since the emergence of consequentialism in the 19th century. It is the purpose of this paper to show that consequentialism does not involve the rejection of all types of logic of discovery. Laudan goes too far in his interpretation of the historical shift from generativism to consequentialism, and his claim that the context of pursuit belongs (...)
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  16.  70
    Death and legal fictions.S. K. Shah, R. D. Truog & F. G. Miller - 2011 - Journal of Medical Ethics 37 (12):719-722.
    Advances in life-saving technologies in the past few decades have challenged our traditional understandings of death. Traditionally, death was understood to occur when a person stops breathing, their heart stops beating and they are cold to the touch. Today, physicians determine death by relying on a diagnosis of ‘total brain failure’ or by waiting a short while after circulation stops. Evidence has emerged, however, that the conceptual bases for these approaches to determining death are fundamentally flawed and depart substantially from (...)
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  17.  10
    Waiting times for transurethral resection of prostate.Jyoti Shah - 2008 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 14 (3):473-476.
  18.  22
    The Impact of Job Stress and State Anger on Turnover Intention Among Nurses During COVID-19: The Mediating Role of Emotional Exhaustion.Syed Haider Ali Shah, Aftab Haider, Jiang Jindong, Ayesha Mumtaz & Nosheen Rafiq - 2022 - Frontiers in Psychology 12.
    Based on the social exchange theory, the aim of this study is to identify the association between job stress state anger, emotional exhaustion and job turnover intention. This study postulates that job related stress and state anger among nurses during COVID-19 subsequently leads to their job turnover intentions. In addition, the study also aims to see the mediating role of emotional exhaustion between COVID-19-related job stress, state anger, and turnover intentions. The sample of this study is gathered from 335 registered (...)
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  19. Why Censorship is Self-Undermining: John Stuart Mill’s Neglected Argument for Free Speech.Nishi Shah - 2021 - Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume 95 (1):71-96.
    Two prejudices have hampered our understanding of John Stuart Mill’s central argument for free speech. One prejudice is that arguments for free speech can only be made in terms of values or rights. This prejudice causes us to miss the depth of Mill’s argument. He does not argue that silencing speech is harmful or violates rights, but instead that silencing speech is a uniquely self-undermining act; it undermines the ground upon which it is based. But even if we overcome this (...)
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  20. Why we reason the way we do.Nishi Shah - 2013 - Philosophical Issues 23 (1):311-325.
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  21. Akalaṅka's criticism of Dharmakīrti's philosophy.Nagin Jivanlal Shah - 1967 - Ahmedabad,: L. D. Institute of Indology.
     
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  22.  19
    An International Legal Review of the Relationship between Brain Death and Organ Transplantation.Seema K. Shah, Dale Gardiner, Hitoshi Arima & Kiarash Aramesh - 2018 - Journal of Clinical Ethics 29 (1):31-42.
    The “dead-donor rule” states that, in any case of vital organ donation, the potential donor should be determined to be dead before transplantation occurs. In many countries around the world, neurological criteria can be used to legally determine death (also referred to as brain death). Nevertheless, there is considerable controversy in the bioethics literature over whether brain death is the equivalent of biological death. This international legal review demonstrates that there is considerable variability in how different jurisdictions have evolved to (...)
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  23.  17
    Neutrosophic Soft Graphs.Nasir Shah & Asim Hussain - 2015 - Neutrosophic Sets and Systems 11:31-44.
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  24.  29
    Construction of 3D model of knee joint motion based on MRI image registration.Mohd Asif Shah, Zheng Wen Lai & Lei Zhang - 2021 - Journal of Intelligent Systems 31 (1):15-26.
    There is a growing demand for information and computational technology for surgeons help with surgical planning as well as prosthetics design. The two-dimensional images are registered to the three-dimensional (3D) model for high efficiency. To reconstruct the 3D model of knee joint including bone structure and main soft tissue structure, the evaluation and analysis of sports injury and rehabilitation treatment are detailed in this study. Mimics 10.0 was used to reconstruct the bone structure, ligament, and meniscus according to the pulse (...)
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  25. Reasoning in Stages.Nishi Shah & Matthew Silverstein - 2013 - Ethics 124 (1):101-113.
    Mark Schroeder has recently presented apparent counterexamples to the standard account of the distinction between the right and the wrong kinds of reasons. We argue that these examples appear to refute the standard account only because they blur the distinction between two kinds of reasoning: reasoning about whether to intend or believe that p and reasoning about whether to take up the question of whether to intend or believe that p.
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  26.  15
    Conceptual limitations in comprehending line graphs.Priti Shah & Patricia A. Carpenter - 1995 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 124 (1):43.
  27.  7
    Religious Freedom and Gay Rights: Emerging Conflicts in North America and Europe.Timothy Shah & Thomas Farr (eds.) - 2016 - Oxford University Press USA.
    In the United States and Europe, an increasing emphasis on equality has pitted rights claims against each other, raising profound philosophical, moral, legal, and political questions about the meaning and reach of religious liberty. Nowhere has this conflict been more salient than in the debate between claims of religious freedom, on one hand, and equal rights claims made on the behalf of members of the lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender community, on the other. As new rights for LGBT individuals have (...)
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  28.  37
    Individualized treatment with transcranial direct current stimulation in patients with chronic non-fluent aphasia due to stroke.Priyanka P. Shah-Basak, Catherine Norise, Gabriella Garcia, Jose Torres, Olufunsho Faseyitan & Roy H. Hamilton - 2015 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 9.
  29.  36
    The Ethics of Intellectual Property Rights in an Era of Globalization.Aakash Kaushik Shah, Jonathan Warsh & Aaron S. Kesselheim - 2013 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 41 (4):841-851.
    In recent decades, advances in information technology have given rise to a post-industrial society in which emphasis on the manufacture of material goods has been supplanted by the creation of intellectual property. Indeed, this new “knowledge economy” can be tracked by the exponential growth in patented products across a range of sectors since the 1980s. According to the United States Patent and Trademark Office, the number of annual patent applications submitted grew from 112,379 to 520,277 over the past three decades, (...)
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  30.  76
    What Does the Duty to Warn Require?Seema K. Shah, Sara Chandros Hull, Michael A. Spinner, Benjamin E. Berkman, Lauren A. Sanchez, Ruquyyah Abdul-Karim, Amy P. Hsu, Reginald Claypool & Steven M. Holland - 2013 - American Journal of Bioethics 13 (10):62 - 63.
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  31.  55
    XV-The Limits of Normative Detachment.Nishi Shah - 2010 - Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 110 (3pt3):347-371.
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  32.  41
    Outsourcing Ethical Obligations: Should the Revised Common Rule Address the Responsibilities of Investigators and Sponsors?Seema K. Shah - 2013 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 41 (2):397-410.
    The Common Rule creates a division of moral labor in research. It implies that investigators and sponsors can outsource their ethical obligations to IRBs and participants, thereby fostering a culture of compliance, rather than one of responsibility. The proposed revisions to the Common Rule are likely to exacerbate this problem. To harness the expressive power of the law, I propose the Common Rule be revised to include the ethical responsibilities of investigators and sponsors.
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  33.  52
    Fertility in Pakistan during the 1970s.Iqbal H. Shah, Thomas W. Pullum & Muhammad Irfan - 1986 - Journal of Biosocial Science 18 (2):215-229.
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  34.  25
    Mental Competence or Best Interests?Ajit Shah - 2011 - Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 18 (2):151-152.
    The anthropological approach to mental competence is very interesting. I shall reason that the issue of mental competence and the determination best interests in the decision making process has been integrated together in this anthropological approach. I use the relatively recent Mental Capacity Act 2005 (MCA) for England and Wales (Department of Constitutional Affairs 2005) to illustrate this line of reasoning. I have deliberately chosen the phrase decision-making capacity (DMC) in this commentary to separate it from the concept of determination (...)
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  35.  24
    The poetry of business.Atul Shah - 1999 - Business Ethics, the Environment and Responsibility 8 (3):190–191.
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  36.  78
    The Rise of Paradigmatic Monism and Its Cultural Implications.Mohd Hazim Shah - 2007 - The Proceedings of the Twenty-First World Congress of Philosophy 7:81-86.
    In this paper I shall be looking at the state of science before and after the 17th century especially with regard to the question of the nature of scientific knowledge, specifically scientific paradigms. I will argue that some of the major differences between modern science and pre-modern science are due to (i) methodological changes, (ii) the rise of paradigmatic monism in modern science as opposed to paradigmatic pluralism in pre-modern science, (iii) the integration of science with technology after the 17th (...)
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  37.  23
    Effects of Moral Violation on Algorithmic Transparency: An Empirical Investigation.Muhammad Umair Shah, Umair Rehman, Bidhan Parmar & Inara Ismail - forthcoming - Journal of Business Ethics:1-16.
    Workers can be fired from jobs, citizens sent to jail, and adolescents more likely to experience depression, all because of algorithms. Algorithms have considerable impacts on our lives. To increase user satisfaction and trust, the most common proposal from academics and developers is to increase the transparency of algorithmic design. While there is a large body of literature on algorithmic transparency, the impact of unethical data collection practices is less well understood. Currently, there is limited research on the factors that (...)
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  38.  31
    "Hir," zur strukturalen Deutung des Panjabi-Epos von Waris Shah.Peter Gaeffke, Doris Buddenberg & Waris Shah - 1987 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 107 (4):775.
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  39. The Metaethics of Belief: An Expressivist Reading of “The Will to Believe”.Nishi Shah & Jeffrey Kasser - 2006 - Social Epistemology 20 (1):1-17.
  40. The Normativity of Belief and Self-Fulfilling Normative Beliefs.Nishi Shah - 2009 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy, Supplementary Volume 35 (S1):189-212.
    As Descartes famously pointed out in theSecond Meditation,the thought that someone is thinking is true anytime anyone thinks it. Furthermore, thinking it makes it true. Conversely, anytime anyone thinks that it is not the case that someone is thinking, this thought is false, and thinking it makes it false.l will argue that the propositions ‘There is at least one true normative proposition’ and ‘There are no true normative propositions’ have very similar properties. The proposition ‘There is at least one true (...)
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  41.  32
    Intellectual Property Rights.Shah Mohammad Kermat Ali - 2012 - Bangladesh Journal of Bioethics 1 (1):8.
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  42. Naḥwa naẓarīyah lil-tarbīyah al-Islāmīyah.ʻAlī Jirīshah - 1986 - ʻĀbidīn [Cairo]: Maktabat Wahbah.
     
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  43.  9
    Setting the agenda in a distant nation: The 2016 US presidential election in a New Zealand newspaper.Shah Nister Kabir - 2019 - Lodz Papers in Pragmatics 15 (2):141-161.
    Examining the coverage of the 2016 US Presidential election of the highest circulating New Zealand newspaper—the New Zealand Herald (NZH)—this study argues that this newspaper sets agenda against Donald Trump—the Republican Party candidate in the 2016 US election. Examining all news, editorials and photographs published in NZH, it discursively argues that this newspaper overshadowed and dehumanized Trump and especially his leadership ability. The other major candidate—the Democratic Party candidate Hillary Clinton—was applauded in the coverage. The NZH repeatedly focused upon the (...)
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  44. Ends and means: their dialectical unity.C. G. Shah - 1972 - Bombay,: Popular Prakashan.
  45.  16
    Calculating the Impacts of Food Gentrification in Portland, Oregon.Karishma Shah - 2023 - Food Ethics 8 (2):1-32.
    While there is much research about the extreme gentrification currently occurring in most major cities around the United States, the economic impacts of food gentrification remain unstudied. Understanding how profits are lost by people of color in the restaurant industry helps to realize how food, restaurants, and grocery stores play a larger role in accelerating or even triggering gentrification in neighborhoods. This paper explores the cultural and economic impacts of food gentrification in Portland using data collection and data analysis. This (...)
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  46. Welfare and Rational Care.Nishi Shah - 2004 - Philosophical Review 113 (4):577-582.
    George, feeling stressed and anxious about the criminal investigation into his firm’s accounting practices, decides that it would do him good to get away and take a long, relaxing vacation in Bermuda. According to popular informed-desire accounts of a person’s good, if George would desire to take a vacation to Bermuda upon being made fully aware of what his experience of the vacation would be like and of all the consequences therein, then this course of action would benefit him. This (...)
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  47.  29
    Ethical considerations in uterus transplantation.Kavita Kavita Shah Arora, Jessica Woessner & Valarie Blake - forthcoming - Medicolegal and Bioethics:81.
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  48.  37
    The medical student global health experience: professionalism and ethical implications.S. Shah & T. Wu - 2008 - Journal of Medical Ethics 34 (5):375-378.
    Medical student and resident participation in global health experiences (GHEs) has significantly increased over the last decade. In response to growing student interest and the proven impact of such experiences on the education and career decisions of resident physicians, many medical schools have begun to establish programmes dedicated to global health education. For the innumerable benefits of GHEs, it is important to note that medical students have the potential to do more harm than good in these settings when they exceed (...)
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  49. Krishna-timeless space science.G. B. Shah - 2006 - In Yajñeśvara Sadāśiva Śāstrī, Intaj Malek & Sunanda Y. Shastri (eds.), In quest of peace: Indian culture shows the path. Delhi: Bharatiya Kala Prakashan. pp. 2--439.
     
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  50. Paṇḍita Sukhalālajī.Ramanlal Chimanlal Shah - 2003 - Amadāvāda: Gūrjara Grantharatna Kāryālaya.
    Biography of Sukhlalji Sanghavi, philosopher and Jaina thinker.
     
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