15 found
Order:
  1.  1
    Resource Competition and Reproduction.Eckart Voland & R. I. M. Dunbar - 1995 - Human Nature 6 (1):33-49.
    A family reconstitution study of the Krummhörn population (Ostfriesland, Germany, 1720–1874) reveals that infant mortality and children’s probabilities of marrying or emigrating unmarried are affected by the number of living same-sexed sibs in farmers’ families but not in the families of landless laborers. We interpret these results in terms of a “local resource competition” model in which resource-holding families are obliged to manipulate the reproductive future of their offspring. In contrast, families that lack resources have no need to manipulate their (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   10 citations  
  2.  7
    Conditional Grandmother Effects on Age at Marriage, Age at First Birth, and Completed Fertility of Daughters and Daughters-in-Law in Historical Krummhörn.Johannes Johow & Eckart Voland - 2012 - Human Nature 23 (3):341-359.
    Based on historical data pertaining to the Krummhörn population (eighteenth and nineteenth centuries, Germany), we compared reproductive histories of mothers according to whether the maternal grandmother (MGM) or the paternal grandmother (PGM) or neither of them was resident in the parents’ parish at the time of the mother’s first birth. In contrast to effects of PGMs, we discovered conditional differences in the MGM’s effects between landless people and wealthier, commercial farmers. Our data indicate that the presence of the MGM only (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   2 citations  
  3.  40
    Evolutionary Aesthetics: An Introduction to Key Concepts and Current Issues.Hannes Rusch & Eckart Voland - 2013 - Aisthesis 6 (2):113-133.
    In this article we try to give a philosophically reflected introductory overview of the current theoretical developments in the field of evolutionary aesthetics. Our aim is not completeness. Rather, we try to depict some of the central assumptions and explanatory tools frequently used in evolutionary accounts of human aesthetical preferences and address a number of currently debated, open research questions.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  4.  2
    How Did the Krummhörn Elite Males Achieve Above-Average Reproductive Success?Heike Klindworth & Eckart Voland - 1995 - Human Nature 6 (3):221-240.
    The wealthy elite males of nineteenth-century Krummhörn (Ostfriesland, Germany) achieved an above-average reproductive success. Membership in the elite class was determined from a list of the 300 richest men in the Ostfriesland district compiled by authorities in 1812. The main components establishing the link between cultural success and reproductive success aredifferences in the number of offspring owing to differences both in time spent in fecund marriage (mating success) and in rate of reproduction;differences in the probabilities of one’s adult offspring marrying (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   2 citations  
  5.  29
    Experimentelle Und Evolutionäre Ethik: Eine Neue Synthese in der Moralphilosophie?Hannes Rusch, Christoph Luetge & Eckart Voland - 2014 - In Matthias Maring (ed.), Bereichsethiken im interdisziplinären Dialog. KIT Scientific Publishing. pp. 163-179.
    Dieser Beitrag widmet sich der Darstellung des systematischen Zusammenhangs des mit dem Aufkommen der Experimentellen Philosophie neu entstandenen Teilbereichs der Experimentellen Ethik mit der spätestens seit den 1980er Jahren wieder populär gewordenen Evolutionären Ethik, einer Teildisziplin des philosophischen Naturalismus. Nach einer kurzen Charakterisierung beider ethischer Teilbereiche wird am Beispiel der metaethischen Frage nach der Objektivität moralischer Urteile dafür argumentiert, dass die partikulären Ergebnisse experimenteller Methoden in der Moralphilosophie erst in einer umfassenderen Perspektive auf menschliches Handeln vollständig interpretierbar werden: Ohne eine (...)
    Direct download  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  6.  7
    The Impact of Social Status and Migration on Female Age at Marriage in an Historical Population in North-West Germany.Eckart Voland & R. I. M. Dunbar - 1997 - Journal of Biosocial Science 29 (3):355-360.
  7.  8
    Human Agricultural Economy is, and Likely Always Was, Largely Based on Kinship. Why?Hannes Rusch & Eckart Voland - 2016 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 39:34-35.
    Commentary on J. Gowdy & L. Krall "The economic origins of ultrasociality": We question the sequence of evolutionary transitions leading to ultrasociality in humans proposed by Gowdy & Krall. Evidence indicates that families are, and likely always have been, the primary productive units in human agricultural economies, suggesting that genetic relatedness is key to understanding when the suppression of individual autonomy to the benefit of subsistence groups, i.e. extended families, evolved.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  8.  5
    Selection for Rape or Selection for Sexual Opportunism?Eckart Voland - 1992 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 15 (2):402-403.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  9.  7
    The Evolutionary Route to Self-Deception: Why Offensive Versus Defensive Strategy Might Be a False Alternative.Ulrich Frey & Eckart Voland - 2011 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 34 (1):21-22.
    Self-deception may be the result of social manipulation and conflict management of social in-groups. Although self-deception certainly has offensive and defensive aspects, a full evolutionary understanding of this phenomenon is not possible until strategies of other parties are included into a model of self-perception and self-representation.
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  10.  8
    Wir erkennen uns als den anderen ähnlich. Die biologische Evolution der Freiheitsintuition.Eckart Voland - 2007 - Deutsche Zeitschrift für Philosophie 55 (5):739-749.
    In Einklang und in Verlängerung der „Social Brain Hypothesis” wird hier das Argument entfaltet, dass die Freiheitsintuition evolutionär im Zuge der sozialen Evolution der Primaten entstanden ist. Der Hauptselektionsdruck lastete auf der Fähigkeit, soziales Wissen über andere zu generieren, um Sozialpartner in ihren Verhaltenstendenzen berechenbar zu machen und die eigene Verhaltensproduktion strategisch vorteilhaft darauf einstellen zu können. In der sozialen Evolution der Primaten wurde deshalb ein Fremdverstehen prämiert und nicht etwa eine zunehmende Fähigkeit zur Selbsterkenntnis. Die Intuition des freien Willens (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  11.  1
    Rules Regulating Inbreeding, Cultural Variability and the Great Heuristic Problem of Evolutionary Anthropology.Eckart Voland - 1991 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 14 (2):279-280.
  12. Evolutionary Psychology Meets History: Insights Into Human Nature Through Family Reconstitution Studies.Eckart Voland - 2009 - In Robin Dunbar & Louise Barrett (eds.), Oxford Handbook of Evolutionary Psychology. Oxford University Press.
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  13. Konkurrenz in Evolution und Geschichte.Eckart Voland - 1996 - Ethik Und Sozialwissenschaften 7 (1):93-107.
    No categories
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  14. Normentreue Zwischen Reziprozität Und Prestige-Ökonomie: Eine Soziobiologische Interpretation Kostspieliger Sozialer Konformität.Eckart Voland - 2004 - In Christoph Luetge & Gerhard Vollmer (eds.), Fakten Statt Normen?: Zur Rolle Einzelwissenschaftlicher Argumente in Einer Naturalistischen Ethik. Nomos.
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  15. Welche Werte? Ethik, Anthropologie und Naturschutz.Eckart Voland - 2000 - Philosophia Naturalis 37 (1):131-152.
    No categories
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography