Results for 'Ecological Laws'

1000+ found
Order:
  1. Ecological Laws of Perceiving and Acting: In Reply to Fodor and Pylyshyn.Michael T. Turvey, R. E. Shaw, Edward S. Reed & William M. Mace - 1981 - Cognition 9 (3):237-304.
  2. Ecological Laws.Ecological Laws - unknown
    The question of whether there are laws in ecology is important for a number of reasons. If, as some have suggested, there are no ecological laws, this would seem to distinguish ecology from other branches of science, such as physics. It could also make a difference to the methodology of ecology. If there are no laws to be discovered, ecologists would seem to be in the business of merely supplying a suite of useful models. These models (...)
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  3.  61
    Ecological Kinds and Ecological Laws.Gregory M. Mikkelson - 2003 - Philosophy of Science 70 (5):1390-1400.
    Ecologists typically invoke "law-like" generalizations, ranging over "structural" and/or "functional" kinds, in order to explain generalizations about "historical" kinds (such as biological taxa)rather than vice versa. This practice is justified, since structural and functional kinds tend to correlate better with important ecological phenomena than do historical kinds. I support these contentions with three recent case studies. In one sense, therefore, ecology is, and should be, more nomothetic, or law-oriented, than idiographic, or historically oriented. This conclusion challenges several recent philosophical (...)
    Direct download (10 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   10 citations  
  4.  5
    Ecological Laws for Agroecological Design: The Need for More Organized Collaboration in Producing, Evaluating and Updating Ecological Generalizations.Oswaldo Forey & Stefan Linquist - 2020 - History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 42 (3):1-20.
    The applied discipline of agroecological design provides a useful case study for examining broader philosophical questions about the existence and importance of ecological generalizations or “laws.” Recent developments in the availability and use of formal meta-analyses have led to the discovery of many resilient generalizations in ecology. However, these “laws” face numerous challenges when it comes to their practical application. Concerns about their reliability and scope might stem from unclear logical and epistemic connections to more foundational or (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  5.  11
    Laws in Ecology: Diverse Modes of Explanation for a Holistic Science.Richard Gunton & Francis Gilbert - 2017 - Zygon 52 (2):538-560.
    Ecology's reputation as a holistic science is partly due to widespread misconceptions of its nature as well as shortcomings in its methodology. This article argues that the pursuit of empirical laws of ecology can foster the emergence of a more unified and predictive science based on complementary modes of explanation. Numerical analyses of population dynamics have a distinguished pedigree, spatial analyses generate predictive laws of macroecology, and physical analyses are typically pursued by the ecosystem paradigm. The most characteristically (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   3 citations  
  6.  44
    Informative Ecological Models Without Ecological Forces.Justin Donhauser - 2020 - Synthese 197 (6):2721-2743.
    Sagoff (2016) criticizes widely used “theoretical” methods in ecology; arguing that those methods employ models that rely on problematic metaphysical assumptions and are therefore uninformative and useless for practical decision-making. In this paper, I show that Sagoff misconstrues how such model-based methods work in practice, that the main threads of his argument are problematic, and that his substantive conclusions are consequently unfounded. Along the way, I illuminate several ways the model-based inferential methods he criticizes can be, and have been, usefully (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  7. Law, Process Philosophy and Ecological Civilization.Arran Gare - 2011 - Chromatikon 7:133-160.
    The call by Chinese environmentalists for an ecological civilization to supersede industrial civilization, subsequently embraced by the Chinese government and now being promoted throughout the world, makes new demands on legal systems, national and international. If governments are going to prevent ecological destruction then law will be essential to this. The Chinese themselves have recognized grave deficiencies in their legal institutions. They are reassessing these and looking to Western traditions for guidance. Yet law as it has developed in (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  8.  69
    Ecological Communication.Niklas Luhmann - 1989 - Polity Press.
    Niklas Luhmann is widely recognized as one of the most original thinkers in the social sciences today. This major new work further develops the theories of the author by offering a challenging analysis of the relationship between society and the environment. Luhmann extends the concept of "ecology" to refer to any analysis that looks at connections between social systems and the surrounding environment. He traces the development of the notion of "environment" from the medieval idea--which encompasses both human and natural (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   41 citations  
  9. Radical Ecology: The Search for a Livable World.Carolyn Merchant - 2005 - Routledge.
    In the first edition of Radical Ecology --the now classic examination major philosophical, ethical, scientific, and economic roots of environmental problems--Carolyn Merchant responded to the profound awareness of environmental crisis which prevailed in the closing decade of the twentieth century. In this provocative and readable study, Merchant examined the ways that radical ecologists can transform science and society in order to sustain life on this planet. Now in this second edition, Merchant continues to emphasize how laws, regulations and scientific (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   15 citations  
  10. Differentiating and Defusing Theoretical Ecology's Criticisms: A Rejoinder to Sagoff's Reply to Donhauser (2016).Justin Donhauser - 2017 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences 63:70-79.
    In a (2016) paper in this journal, I defuse allegations that theoretical ecological research is problematic because it relies on teleological metaphysical assumptions. Mark Sagoff offers a formal reply. In it, he concedes that I succeeded in establishing that ecologists abandoned robust teleological views long ago and that they use teleological characterizations as metaphors that aid in developing mechanistic explanations of ecological phenomena. Yet, he contends that I did not give enduring criticisms of theoretical ecology a fair shake (...)
    Direct download (8 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  11. Plant Ecology and the Law of the Relationship Between Action and Result.Bk Swain - 1991 - Journal of Dharma 16 (3):218-228.
  12. Ecology Versus Economy in Law. Study of a Basic Problem.Robert Weimar - 1986 - Rechtstheorie 10:415.
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  13.  13
    The Ecology of Mating Systems in Hypergynous Dowry Societies.Mildred Dickemann - 1979 - Social Science Information 18 (2):163-195.
    When the famine in Shansi was over, and I began to consider the reasons of it, I felt I must study the causes of human suffering, not only in China but in all the world. In pondering Western civilization I felt that its advantage over Chinese civilization was due to the fact that it sought to discover the workings of God in Nature, and to apply the laws of Nature for the service of mankind. This was in obedience to (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   134 citations  
  14.  26
    Critical Human Ecology: Historical Materialism and Natural Laws.Richard York & Philip Mancus - 2009 - Sociological Theory 27 (2):122-149.
    We lay the foundations for a critical human ecology that combines the strengths of the biophysical human ecology tradition in environmental sociology with those of historical materialism. We show the strengths of a critically informed human ecology by addressing four key meta-theoretical issues: materialist versus idealist approaches in the social sciences, dialectical versus reductionist analyses, the respective importance of historical and ahistorical causal explanations, and the difference between structural and functional interpretations of phenomena. CHE breaks with the idealism of Western (...)
    Direct download (10 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   3 citations  
  15. Contributions to Law, Philosophy and Ecology: Exploring Re-Embodiments.Ruth Thomas-Pellicer, Vito De Lucia & Sian Sullivan (eds.) - 2016 - Routledge.
    _Contributions to Law, Philosophy and Ecology: Exploring Re-Embodiments_ is a preliminary contribution to the establishment of re-embodiments as a theoretical strand within legal and ecological theory and philosophy. Re-embodiments are all those contemporary practices and processes that exceed the epistemic horizon of modernity. As such, they offer a plurality of alternative modes of theory and practice that seek to counteract the ecocidal tendencies of the Anthropocene. The collection is comprised of eleven contributions approaching re-embodiments from a multiplicity of fields, (...)
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  16.  69
    Generalizations in Ecology: A Philosophical Taxonomy. [REVIEW]Gregory Cooper - 1998 - Biology and Philosophy 13 (4):555-586.
    There has been a significant amount of uncertainty and controversy over the prospects for general knowledge in ecology. Environmental decision makers have begun to despair of ecology's capacity to provide anything more than case by case guidance for the shaping of environmental policy. Ecologists themselves have become suspicious of the pursuit of the kind of genuine nomothetic knowledge that appears to be the hallmark of other scientific domains. Finally, philosophers of biology have contributed to this retreat from generality by suggesting (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   12 citations  
  17.  55
    Ecological Politics and Democratic Theory: The Challenge to the Deliberative Ideal.Mathew Humphrey - 2007 - Routledge.
    This book examines the relationship between environmental and democratic thought and the apparent compatibility of ecology and democracy. Although environmental politics is quite rightly seen as a progressive force, it has also featured a strand of extreme right "eco-authoritarianism" and its proponents have sometimes developed controversial positions on such issues as population policy. There have also been a number of situations where radical environmental activists have broken the laws of democratic societies in pursuit of ecological objectives and the (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  18.  17
    Process Ecology: Making Room for Creation.Robert Ulanowicz - 2016 - Sophia 55 (3):357-380.
    The laws of physics, because they are cast in terms of homogeneous variables, fall short of determining outcomes in heterogeneous biological systems that are capable of an immense number of combinatoric changes. The universal laws are not violated and they continue to constrain, but specification of results is accomplished instead by stable configurations of processes that develop in a nonrandom, but indeterminate manner. The indeterminacy of physical laws puts an end to Deist speculations and necessitates an alternative (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  19.  69
    Method and Metaphysics in Clements's and Gleason's Ecological Explanations.Christopher Eliot - 2005 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences 38 (1):85-109.
    To generate explanatory theory, ecologists must wrestle with how to represent the extremely many, diverse causes behind phenomena in their domain. Early twentieth-century plant ecologists Frederic E. Clements and Henry A. Gleason provide a textbook example of different approaches to explaining vegetation, with Clements allegedly committed, despite abundant exceptions, to a law of vegetation, and Gleason denying the law in favor of less organized phenomena. However, examining Clements's approach to explanation reveals him not to be expressing a law, and instead (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   6 citations  
  20. "We Sing Our Law, is That Still TEK?": Traditional Ecological Knowledge and Can the West Come to Know?John J. Bradley & Stephen Johnson - unknown
    Throughout history, anthropologists have confronted a number of uncomfortable truths around the supposed nature of reality. The anthropological maxim, "through the study of others we learn more about ourselves" has been sorely tested en route. Arguably, this challenge reached culmination during the 1970s and 80s, with several prominent social commentators from Geertz to Clifford suggesting that anthropologists had, in both past and present, been much more concerned with the study of 'others' than of 'ourselves'. In essence, this reflexive critique suggested (...)
    No categories
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  21. Defending Laws in the Social Sciences.Harold Kincaid - 1990 - Philosophy of the Social Sciences 20 (1):56?83.
    This article defends laws in the social sciences. Arguments against social laws are considered and rejected based on the "open" nature of social theory, the multiple realizability of social predicates, the macro and/or teleological nature of social laws, and the inadequacies of belief-desire psychology. The more serious problem that social laws are usually qualified ceteris paribus is then considered. How the natural sciences handle ceteris paribus laws is discussed and it is argued that such procedures (...)
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   34 citations  
  22.  20
    Ecological Foundations of Cognition. II: Degrees of Freedom and Conserved Quantities in Animal-Environment Systems.Robert E. Shaw & M. T. Turvey - 1999 - Journal of Consciousness Studies 6 (11-12):11-12.
    Cognition means different things to different psychologists depending on the position held on the mind-matter problem. Ecological psychologists reject the implied mind-matter dualism as an ill-posed theoretic problem because the assumed mind-matter incommensurability precludes a solution to the degrees of freedom problem. This fundamental problem was posed by both Nicolai Bernstein and James J. Gibson independently. It replaces mind-matter dualism with animal-environment duality -- a better posed scientific problem because commensurability is assured. Furthermore, when properly posed this way, a (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   3 citations  
  23. Laws of Biology, Laws of Nature: Problems and (Dis)Solutions.Andrew Hamilton - 2007 - Philosophy Compass 2 (3):592–610.
    This article serves as an introduction to the laws-of-biology debate. After introducing the main issues in an introductory section, arguments for and against laws of biology are canvassed in Section 2. In Section 3, the debate is placed in wider epistemological context by engaging a group of scholars who have shifted the focus away from the question of whether there are laws of biology and toward offering good accounts of explanation(s) in the biological sciences. Section 4 introduces (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   10 citations  
  24. General Unificatory Theories in Community Ecology.Christopher Hunter Lean - 2019 - Philosophical Topics 47 (1):125-142.
    The question of whether there are laws of nature in ecology has developed substantially in the last 20 years. Many have attempted to rehabilitate ecology’s lawlike status through establishing that ecology possesses laws that robustly appear across many different ecological systems. I argue that there is still something missing, which explains why so many have been skeptical of ecology’s lawlike status. Community ecology has struggled to establish what I call a General Unificatory Theory. The lack of a (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  25.  22
    Ecological Goods That Obligate: A Husserlian Approach.Adam Konopka - 2009 - Environmental Ethics 31 (3):245-262.
    Phenomenological resources can be used to develop a nonanthropocentric theory of ecological values that gives rise to an obligation for moral agents. There is logical space in Edmund Husserl’s early theory of value that is inclusive of nonhuman animals and vegetation as members of a life community possessing ecological characteristics. Within this legal space is a characterization of ecological obligation that is not tied to any single moral law, as it is in deontological ethics and utilitarianism, but (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  26.  4
    Complexities: Social Studies of Knowledge Practices.John Law & Annemarie Mol (eds.) - 2002 - Duke University Press.
    Although much recent social science and humanities work has been a revolt against simplification, this volume explores the contrast between simplicity and complexity to reveal that this dichotomy, itself, is too simplistic. John Law and Annemarie Mol have gathered a distinguished panel of contributors to offer—particularly within the field of science studies—approaches to a theory of complexity, and at the same time a theoretical introduction to the topic. Indeed, they examine not only ways of relating to complexity but complexity _in (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   19 citations  
  27.  27
    Semantic Redintegration: Ecological Invariance.Stephen E. Robbins - 2008 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 31 (6):726-727.
    In proposing that their model can operate in the concrete, perceptual world, Rogers & McClelland (R&M) have not done justice to the complexities of the ecological sphere and its invariance laws. The structure of concrete events forces a different framework, both for retrieval of events and concepts defined across events, than that upon which the proposed model, rooted in essence in the verbal learning tradition, implicitly rests.
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   8 citations  
  28. Causal and Mechanistic Explanations in Ecology.Jani Raerinne - 2011 - Acta Biotheoretica 59 (3):251-271.
    How are scientific explanations possible in ecology, given that there do not appear to be many—if any—ecological laws? To answer this question, I present and defend an account of scientific causal explanation in which ecological generalizations are explanatory if they are invariant rather than lawlike. An invariant generalization continues to hold or be valid under a special change—called an intervention—that changes the value of its variables. According to this account, causes are difference-makers that can be intervened upon (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   8 citations  
  29.  8
    Competitive Exclusion and Axiomatic Set-Theory: De Morgan’s Laws, Ecological Virtual Processes, Symmetries and Frozen Diversity.J. C. Flores - 2016 - Acta Biotheoretica 64 (1):85-98.
    This work applies the competitive exclusion principle and the concept of potential competitors as simple axiomatic tools to generalized situations in ecology. These tools enable apparent competition and its dual counterpart to be explicitly evaluated in poorly understood ecological systems. Within this set-theory framework we explore theoretical symmetries and invariances, De Morgan’s laws, frozen evolutionary diversity and virtual processes. In particular, we find that the exclusion principle compromises the geometrical growth of the number of species. By theoretical extending (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  30.  4
    Ecology as Text, Text as Ecology.Timothy Morton - 2010 - Oxford Literary Review 32 (1):1-17.
    The further scholarship investigates life forms the less those forms can be said to have a single, independent and lasting identity. The further scholarship delves into texts the less they too can be said to have a single, independent and lasting identity. This similarity is not simply an analogy. Life forms cannot be said to differ in a rigorous way from texts. On many levels and for many reasons, deconstruction and ecology should talk to one another. It is interesting to (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   5 citations  
  31.  36
    Luc Ferry's Critique of Deep Ecology, Nazi Nature Protection Laws, and Environmental Anti-Semitism.S. Bratton - 1999 - Ethics and the Environment 4 (1):3-22.
    Neo-Humanist Luc Ferry (1995) has compared deep ecology's declarations of intrinsic value in nature to the Third Reich's nature protection laws, which prohibit maltreatment of animals having "worth in themselves." Ferry's questionable approach fails to document the relationship between Nazi environmentalism and Nazi racism. German high art and mass media historically presented nature as dualistic, and portrayed Untermenschen as unnatural or inorganic. Nazi propaganda excluded Jews from nature, and identified traditional Jews as cruel to animals. Ferry's idealization of Humanism (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  32.  4
    The Impasses of Ecological Representation.Kerry H. Whiteside - 2013 - Environmental Values 22 (3):339-358.
    Calls for new forms of representation to protect the interests of future generations and non-human species have become common among green theorists. Examining these proposals critically, this article finds, first, that 'ecological representation' contradicts the virtues traditionally associated with representative government: creating a circuit of legitimacy between voters and political authorities; preventing abuses of power; keeping law neutral with respect to the worth of competing values. It concludes, second, that our environmental predicament is not essentially the fault of inadequate (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   4 citations  
  33.  23
    A Semantic View of Ecological Theories.David G. A. Castle - 2001 - Dialectica 55 (1):51–66.
    Philosophical analysis of ecological theories has lagged behind the study of evolutionary theory. The semantic conception of scientific theories, which has been employed successfully in the analysis of evolutionary theory, is adopted here to analyse ecological theory. Two general problems in ecology are discussed. One arises from the continued use of covering law models in ecology, and the other concerns the applicability of ecological theory in conservation biology. The semantic conception of ecological theories is used to (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   4 citations  
  34. Eco-Cybernetics: The Ecology and Cybernetics of Missing Emergences.Donato Bergandi - 2000 - Kybernetes 29 (7/8):928-942..
    Considers that in ecosystem, landscape and global ecology, an energetics reading of ecological systems is an expression of a cybernetic, systemic and holistic approach. In ecosystem ecology, the Odumian paradigm emphasizes the concept of emergence, but it has not been accompanied by the creation of a method that fully respects the complexity of the objects studied. In landscape ecology, although the emergentist, multi-level, triadic methodology of J.K. Feibleman and D.T. Campbell has gained acceptance, the importance of emergent properties is (...)
    Direct download  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  35.  6
    A Semantic View of Ecological Theories.David G. A. Castle - 2001 - Dialectica 55 (1):51-66.
    Philosophical analysis of ecological theories has lagged behind the study of evolutionary theory. The semantic conception of scientific theories, which has been employed successfully in the analysis of evolutionary theory, is adopted here to analyse ecological theory. Two general problems in ecology are discussed. One arises from the continued use of covering law models in ecology, and the other concerns the applicability of ecological theory in conservation biology. The semantic conception of ecological theories is used to (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   4 citations  
  36.  1
    Prevention of Firearm Injury Through Policy and Law: The Social Ecological Model.Allison Durkin, Christopher Schenck, Yamini Narayan, Kate Nyhan, Kaveh Khoshnood & Sten H. Vermund - 2020 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 48 (S4):191-197.
    Rates of firearm injury and mortality are far higher in the United States compared to other high-income nations. Patterns of firearm injury have complex causal pathways; different social contexts may be differentially affected by firearm legislation. In the context of the diversity of social, political, and legal approaches at the state level, we suggest the application of the social ecological model as a conceptual public health framework to guide future policy interventions in the U.S.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  37.  95
    Ceteris Paribus Laws and Minutis Rectis Laws.Luke Fenton-Glynn - 2016 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 93 (2):274-305.
    Special science generalizations admit of exceptions. Among the class of non-exceptionless special science generalizations, I distinguish minutis rectis generalizations from the more familiar category of ceteris paribus generalizations. I argue that the challenges involved in showing that mr generalizations can play the law role are underappreciated, and quite different from those involved in showing that cp generalizations can do so. I outline a strategy for meeting the challenges posed by mr generalizations.
    Direct download (8 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   4 citations  
  38.  20
    Ecological Explanation and the Population-Growth Thesis.Kristin Shrader-Frechette - 1994 - PSA: Proceedings of the Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association 1994:34 - 45.
    Many ecologists have dismissed alleged ecological laws as tautological or trivial. This essay investigates the epistemological status of one prominent such "law," the population-growth thesis, and argues for 4 claims: (1) Once interpreted, the thesis cannot be denied the status of empirical law on the grounds that it is always and everywhere untestable. (2) Contrary to Peters' (1991) claim, some interpretations of the thesis have significant heuristic power. (3) One can use the reasoning of Brandon (1990), Lloyd (1987), (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  39. “Reductionist Holism”: An Oxymoron or a Philosophical Chimaera of E.P. Odum’s Systems Ecology?Donato Bergandi - 1995 - Ludus Vitalis 3 ((5)):145-180..
    The contrast between the strategies of research employed in reductionism and holism masks a radical contradiction between two different scientific philosophies. We concentrate in particular on an analysis of the key philosophical issues which give structure to holistic thought. A first (non-exhaustive) analysis of the philosophical tradition will dwell upon: a) the theory of emergence: each level of organisation is characterised by properties whose laws cannot be deduced from the laws of the inferior levels of organisation (Engels, Morgan); (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   7 citations  
  40.  9
    Ecological Theory and the Superfluous Niche.James Justus - 2019 - Philosophical Topics 47 (1):105-123.
    Perhaps no concept has been thought more important to ecological theorizing than the niche. Without it, technically sophisticated and well-regarded accounts of character displacement, ecological equivalence, limiting similarity, and others would seemingly never have been developed. The niche is also widely considered the centerpiece of the best candidate for a distinctively ecological law, the competitive exclusion principle. But the incongruous array and imprecise character of proposed definitions of the concept square poorly with its apparent scientific centrality. I (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  41.  15
    Nature’s Trust: An Environmental Law for A New Ecological Age.Donald A. Brown - 2016 - Environmental Ethics 38 (2):245-248.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  42.  15
    Ecological Humanism and Stable Development.Sambalkhundev Khash-Erdene & Vladimir Krasikov - 2008 - Proceedings of the Xxii World Congress of Philosophy 3:55-58.
    Ecological humanism is a new broadened form of human ethics that coming into being as an answer to an ecological crisis and an ideology of total consumption. There are two approaches in basing of ecological humanism. The first of them is founded on traditional human values or on anthropocentrism. Milieu is considered as important living conditions that must be conserved with great care but the number of one is man here. The second approach is more radical. It (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  43.  29
    Law's Entities: Complexity, Plasticity and Justice.Anna Grear - 2013 - Jurisprudence 4 (1):76-101.
    This article locates a theoretical reflection on the form of legal subjectivity against twenty-first century complexities and pressures, including the structural complexities visible in biotechnological developments, new hybridities and numerous contemporary theoretical and practical manifestations of heterogeneity, multiplicity and complexity emerging in a range of disciplines, including cybernetics, techno-theory, post-humanism and ecology. The author defends the theoretical and critical utility of understanding the legal subject as an explicit (and explicitly limited ) constructus . Criticising the constructed naturalism (and the historical (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  44.  20
    Economics, Ecology and Sustainable Development: Are They Compatible?Anthony M. Friend - 1992 - Environmental Values 1 (2):157-170.
    The prevailing economic paradigm, in which a closed circular flow of production and consumption can be described in terms of 'natural laws ' of the equilibrium of market forces, is being challenged by our growing knowledge of complex systems, particularly ecosystems. It is increasingly apparent that neo-classical economics does not reflect social, economic and environmental realities in a world of limited resources. The best way to understand the problems implicit in the concept of 'sustainable development ' is provided by (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  45. Struggling with the Science of Ecology.Jay Odenbaugh - 2006 - Biology and Philosophy 21 (3):395-409.
    Greg Cooper’s The Science of the Struggle for Existence is a must read for those interested in the history and philosophy of ecology and in topics like laws of nature, scientific explanation, and mathematical modeling. If you want to explore some of the metaphysical and methodological challenges that face ecology, there is no better place to go. Thus, this book marks an important moment in the philosophy of ecology. Folks like myself will be responding to it for quite a (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   6 citations  
  46.  9
    The Many Roads to Generality in Ecology.Jeremy W. Fox - 2019 - Philosophical Topics 47 (1):83-103.
    The variety of nature presents a challenge for ecologists. Individual organisms differ from one another in ways both obvious and subtle, even if they’re members of the same species living in the same location. Different populations, species, communities, ecosystems, biomes, habitats, food webs, etc. also differ from another. What, if anything, can be said in general about ecological systems and how they work? If there are generalities in ecology, do they take the form of exceptionless “laws of nature” (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  47. The Ecological Catastrophe: The Political-Economic Caste as the Origin and Cause of Environmental Destruction and the Pre-Announced Democratic Disaster.Donato Bergandi - 2017 - In Laura Westra, Janice Gray & Franz-Theo Gottwald (eds.), The Role of Integrity in the Governance of the Commons: Governance, Ecology, Law, Ethics. Dordrecht, Netherland: Springer. pp. 179-189.
    The political, economic and environmental policies of a hegemonic, oligarchic, political-economic international caste are the origin and cause of the ecological and political dystopia that we are living in. An utilitarian, resourcist, anthropocentric perspective guides classical economics and sustainable development models, allowing the enrichment of a tiny part of the world's population, while not impeding but, on the contrary, directly inducing economic losses and environmental destruction for the many. To preserve the integrity of natural systems we must abandon the (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  48.  76
    The Aim and Structure of Ecological Theory.Marcel Weber - 1999 - Philosophy of Science 66 (1):71-93.
    I present an attempt at an explication of the ecological theory of interspecific competition, including its explanatory role in community ecology and evolutionary biology. The account given is based on the idea that law-like statements play an important role in scientific theories of this kind. I suggest that the principle of competitive exclusion is such a law, and that it is evolutionarily invariant. The principle's empirical status is defended and implications for the ongoing debates on the existence of biological (...)
    Direct download (8 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   12 citations  
  49.  1
    The Philosophy of Ecology: An Introduction.James Justus - 2021 - New York, USA: Cambridge University Press.
    Ecology is indispensable to understanding the biological world and addressing the environmental problems humanity faces. Its philosophy has never been more important. In this book, James Justus introduces readers to the philosophically rich issues ecology poses. Besides its crucial role in biological science generally, climate change, biodiversity loss, and other looming environmental challenges make ecology's role in understanding such threats and identifying solutions to them all the more critical. When ecology is applied and its insights marshalled to address these problems (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  50.  7
    Can Ecological Psychology Account for Human Agency and Meaningful Experience?Roy Dings - 2020 - Constructivist Foundations 15 (3):220-222.
    I argue that any approach to affordances that stays close to the letter of the law is not able to account for human agency and meaningful experience….
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
1 — 50 / 1000