Results for 'Edgar Andrade-Lotero'

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  1. Establishing Connections Between Aristotle's Natural Deduction and First-Order Logic.Edgar Jose Andrade & Edward Samuel Becerra - 2008 - History and Philosophy of Logic 29 (4):309-325.
    This article studies the mathematical properties of two systems that model Aristotle's original syllogistic and the relationship obtaining between them. These systems are Corcoran's natural deduction syllogistic and ?ukasiewicz's axiomatization of the syllogistic. We show that by translating the former into a first-order theory, which we call T RD, we can establish a precise relationship between the two systems. We prove within the framework of first-order logic a number of logical properties about T RD that bear upon the same properties (...)
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  2. Proceedings of the Amsterdam Graduate Philosophy Conference. Meaning and Truth. Amsterdam, October 1-3, 2009.Theodora Achourioti, Edgar Andrade & Marc Staudacher (eds.) - 2010 - ILLC Publications.
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  3. Validity, the Squeezing Argument and Alternative Semantic Systems: The Case of Aristotelian Syllogistic. [REVIEW]Andrade-Lotero Edgar & Novaes Catarina Dutilh - 2012 - Journal of Philosophical Logic 41 (2):387 - 418.
    We investigate the philosophical significance of the existence of different semantic systems with respect to which a given deductive system is sound and complete. Our case study will be Corcoran's deductive system D for Aristotelian syllogistic and some of the different semantic systems for syllogistic that have been proposed in the literature. We shall prove that they are not equivalent, in spite of D being sound and complete with respect to each of them. Beyond the specific case of syllogistic, the (...)
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  4.  75
    A Contentious Trinity: Levels of Entailment in Brandom's Pragmatist Inferentialism.Edgar Andrade-Lotero & Catarina Dutilh Novaes - 2012 - Philosophia 40 (1):41-53.
    We investigate the relations among Brandom’s three dimensions of semantic inferential articulation, namely, incompatibility entailments, committive consequences, and permissive consequences. In his unpublished manuscript “Conceptual Content and Discursive Practice” Brandom argues that (1) incompatibility entailment implies committive consequence, and that (2) committive consequence in turn implies permissive consequence. We criticize this hierarchy both on internal and external grounds. Firstly, we prove that, using Brandom’s own definitions, the reverse of (1) also holds, and that the reverse of (2) may hold (but (...)
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  5. Global Survey of Business Ethics in Teaching, Training and Research.J. A. Andrade - 2013 - African Journal of Business Ethics 7 (1):40.
    Julio A Andrade African Journal of Business Ethics 2013 7(1):40-42.
     
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  6.  2
    Imagery and Strength of Craving for Eating, Drinking, and Playing Sport.Jon May, Jackie Andrade, David Kavanagh & Lucy Penfound - 2008 - Cognition and Emotion 22 (4):633-650.
    The elaborated intrusion (EI) theory of desire (Kavanagh, Andrade, & May, 2005) attributes the motivational force of cravings to cognitive elaboration, including imagery, of apparently spontaneous thoughts that intrude into awareness. We report a questionnaire study in which respondents rated a craving for food or drink. Questionnaire items derived from EI theory formed a single factor alongside factors for anticipated reward/relief, resistance, and opportunity. In a multiple regression predicting strength of craving, the first three factors accounted for 36% of the (...)
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  7.  2
    The Philosophy of Habermas.Andrew Edgar - 2005 - Mcgill-Queen's University Press.
    This comprehensive introduction to the thought of Jurgen Habermas covers the full range of his ideas from his early work on student politics to his recent work on communicative action, ethics and law. Andrew Edgar examines Habermas' key texts in chronological order, revealing the developments, shifts and turns in Habermas' thinking as he refines his basic insights and incorporates new sources and ideas. Some of the themes discussed include Habermas' early reshaping of Marxist theory and practice, his characterization of (...)
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  8. The Philosophy of Habermas.Andrew Edgar - 2014 - Routledge.
    This comprehensive introduction to the thought of Jurgen Habermas covers the full range of his ideas from his early work on student politics to his recent work on communicative action, ethics and law. Andrew Edgar examines Habermas' key texts in chronological order, revealing the developments, shifts and turns in Habermas' thinking as he refines his basic insights and incorporates new sources and ideas. Some of the themes discussed include Habermas' early reshaping of Marxist theory and practice, his characterization of (...)
     
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  9.  23
    Sport and Art: An Essay in The Hermeneutics of Sport.Andrew Edgar - 2013 - Sport, Ethics and Philosophy 7 (1):1 - 9.
    (2013). Sport and Art: an Essay in The Hermeneutics of Sport. Sport, Ethics and Philosophy: Vol. 7, Sport and Art: An Essay in the Hermeneutics of Sport, pp. 1-9. doi: 10.1080/17511321.2013.761879.
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  10. Logical Empiricism, Politics, and Professionalism.Scott Edgar - 2009 - Science and Education 18 (2):177-189.
    This paper considers George A. Reisch’s account of the role of Cold War political forces in shaping the apolitical stance that came to dominate philosophy of science in the late 1940s and 1950s. It argues that at least as early as the 1930s, Logical Empiricists such as Rudolf Carnap already held that philosophy of science could not properly have political aims, and further suggests that political forces alone cannot explain this view’s rise to dominance during the Cold War, since political (...)
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  11. New Books. [REVIEW]T. B., John Sime, W. H. Winch, W. Leslie Mackenzie, Joseph Rickaby, Norman Smith, M. L., Alfred W. Benn, John Edgar & J. Lewis McIntyre - 1905 - Mind 14 (56):552-567.
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  12.  38
    The Hermeneutic Challenge of Genetic Engineering: Habermas and the Transhumanists.Andrew Edgar - 2009 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 12 (2):157-167.
    The purpose of this paper is to explore the impact that developments in transhumanist technologies may have upon human cultures, and to do so by exploring a potential debate between Habermas and the transhumanists. Transhumanists, such as Nick Bostrom, typically see the potential in genetic and other technologies for positively expanding and transcending human nature. In contrast, Habermas is a representative of those who are fearful of this technology, suggesting that it will compound the deleterious effects of the colonisation of (...)
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  13. Is Priming During Anesthesia Unconscious?Catherine Deeprose & Jackie Andrade - 2006 - Consciousness and Cognition 15 (1):1-23.
    General anesthesia provides an alternative to typical laboratory paradigms for investigating implicit learning. We assess the evidence that a simple type of learning—priming—can occur without consciousness. Although priming has been shown to be a small but persistent phenomenon in surgical patients there is reason to question whether it occurs implicitly due to problems in detecting awareness using typical clinical signs. This paper reviews the published studies on priming during anesthesia that have included a measure of awareness or of anesthetic depth. (...)
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  14. New Books. [REVIEW]C. C. J. Webb, John Edgar, W. J., John Burnet, F. C. S. Schiller, T. W., M. D., G. G., H. F. & B. W. - 1908 - Mind 17 (67):417-430.
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  15. New Books. [REVIEW]Geo Galloway, David Morrison, W. Leslie MacKenzie, F. C. S. Schiller, John Sime, T. B., John Edgar, W. McD, G. R. T. Ross, R. F. A. Hoernle, A. R. Brown & B. Russell - 1906 - Mind 15 (58):261-280.
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  16.  24
    A Response to Nordenfelt's “The Varieties of Dignity”.Andrew Edgar - 2004 - Health Care Analysis 12 (2):83-89.
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  17. Bowling, A.: 1997, Measuring Health; a Review of Quality of Life Measurement Scales (2nd Ed.). [REVIEW]Andrew Edgar - 1998 - Medicine, Healthcare and Philosophy 1 (2):181-182.
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  18. Learning During Anesthesia: A Review.Jackie Andrade - 1995 - British Journal of Psychology 86:479-506.
     
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  19. The Explanatory Structure of the Transcendental Deduction and a Cognitive Interpretation of the First Critique.Scott Edgar - 2010 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy 40 (2):285-314.
    Consider two competing interpretations of Kant's Critique of Pure Reason: the epistemic and cognitive interpretations. The epistemic interpretation presents the first Critique as a work of epistemology, but what is more, it sees Kant as an early proponent of anti-psychologism—the view that descriptions of how the mind works are irrelevant for epistemology.2 Even if Kant does not always manage to purge certain psychological-sounding idioms from his writing, the epistemic interpretation has it, he is perfectly clear that he means his evaluation (...)
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  20. The Cosmopolitan and the Noumenal : A Case Study of Islamic Jihadist Night Dreams as Reported Sources of Spiritual and Political Inspiration.Iain Edgar & David Henig - 2010 - In Dimitrios Theodossopoulos & Elisabeth Kirtsoglou (eds.), United in Discontent: Local Responses to Cosmopolitanism and Globalization. Berghahn Books. pp. 64.
  21. New Books. [REVIEW]A. M. Bodkin, T. Loveday, W. McD, W. H. Winch, David Morrison, W. Leslie Mackenzie, George Galloway, T. M. Forsyth, John Edgar & A. W. Benn - 1908 - Mind 17 (66):264-285.
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  22.  9
    Farmers Under Pressure. Analysis of the Social Conditions of Cases of Animal Neglect.Stefan B. Andrade & Inger Anneberg - 2014 - Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 27 (1):103-126.
    In this paper we analyse how risk factors in highly industrialised agriculture are connected to animal neglect. With Danish agriculture as a case study, we use two types of data. First, we use register data from Statistics Denmark to map how risk factors such as farmers’ financial and social troubles are connected to convictions of neglect. Second, we analyse narratives where interviewed farmers, involved in cases of neglect, describe how they themselves experienced the incidents. We find that while livestock farmers (...)
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  23.  96
    New Books. [REVIEW]Maud Lightfoot, W. D. Morrison, F. C. S. Schiller, T. B., John Edgar, M. S., David Morrison, H. Bosanquet, M. S., W. D. Morrison & A. W. Benn - 1904 - Mind 13 (50):285-297.
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    Professional Values, Aesthetic Values, and the Ends of Trade.Andrew Robert Edgar - 2011 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 14 (2):195-201.
    Professionalism is initially understood as a historical process, through which certain commercial services sought to improve their social status (and economic reward) by separating themselves from mere crafts or trades. This process may be traced clearly with the aspiration of British portrait painters (headed by Sir Joshua Reynolds), in the eighteenth century, to acquire a social status akin to that of already established professionals, such as clerics and doctors. This may be understood, to a significant degree, as a process of (...)
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  25. Professor Gotesky and the Law of Non-Contradiction.William J. Edgar - 1971 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 32 (2):259-263.
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  26.  19
    The Beauty of Sport.Andrew Edgar - 2013 - Sport, Ethics and Philosophy 7 (1):100 - 120.
    (2013). The Beauty of Sport. Sport, Ethics and Philosophy: Vol. 7, Sport and Art: An Essay in the Hermeneutics of Sport, pp. 100-120. doi: 10.1080/17511321.2013.761886.
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  27. New Books. [REVIEW]J. C., C. S. Myers, Helen Wodehouse, J. W. Scott, John Edgar & B. A. - 1910 - Mind 19 (73):125-136.
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  28.  45
    O homem vazio: uma crítica ao utilitarismo.Érico Andrade - 2013 - Trans/Form/Ação 36 (2):105-122.
    O objetivo do meu artigo é criticar a compreensão utilitarista do agente moral como átomo racional que está disposto invariavelmente a agir de acordo com o não sofrimento. Minha hipótese é a de que o utilitarismo esvazia os seres humanos de suas motivações para oferecer uma imagem opaca do agente moral. Por isso, ele é incapaz de solucionar dilemas morais que envolvem, por um lado, o autossacrifício por razões afetivas e, por outro, conflitos que opõem culturas distintas. Meu ponto é (...)
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  29.  19
    The Dominance of Big Pharma: Power. [REVIEW]Andrew Edgar - 2013 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 16 (2):295-304.
    The purpose of this paper is to provide a normative model for the assessment of the exercise of power by Big Pharma. By drawing on the work of Steven Lukes, it will be argued that while Big Pharma is overtly highly regulated, so that its power is indeed restricted in the interests of patients and the general public, the industry is still able to exercise what Lukes describes as a third dimension of power. This entails concealing the conflicts of interest (...)
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  30.  5
    Major Depressive Disorder: A Loss of Circadian Synchrony?Nicole Edgar & Colleen A. McClung - 2013 - Bioessays 35 (11):940-944.
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  31. Affect, Thought, and Consciousness: The Freudian Theory of Psychic Structuring From an Evolutionary Perspective.Victor Manoel Andrade - 2003 - Neuro-Psychoanalysis 5 (1):71-80.
  32.  48
    New Books. [REVIEW]J. B. Baillie, John Edgar, A. J. Jenkinson, G. R. T. Ross, W. R. Scott, T. B., David Morrison & R. A. Duff - 1904 - Mind 13 (51):425-438.
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  33.  2
    Philosophy of Habermas.Andrew Edgar - 2005 - Acumen Publishing.
    Critical overview of the work of Jurgen Habermas, discussing his contributions to both philosophy and social theory.
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  34.  45
    Contracting Agents: Legal Personality and Representation. [REVIEW]Francisco Andrade, Paulo Novais, José Machado & José Neves - 2007 - Artificial Intelligence and Law 15 (4):357-373.
    The combined use of computers and telecommunications and the latest evolution in the field of Artificial Intelligence brought along new ways of contracting and of expressing will and declarations. The question is, how far we can go in considering computer intelligence and autonomy, how can we legally deal with a new form of electronic behaviour capable of autonomous action? In the field of contracting, through Intelligent Electronic Agents, there is an imperious need of analysing the question of expression of consent, (...)
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  35.  8
    Best Interest: A Philosophical Critique. [REVIEW]Søren Holm & Andrew Robert Edgar - 2008 - Health Care Analysis 16 (3):197-207.
    On one conception of “best interest” there can only be one course of action in a given situation that is in a person’s best interest. In this paper we will first consider what theories of “best interest” and rational decision-making that can lead to this conclusion and explore some of the less commonly appreciated implications of these theories. We will then move on to consider what ethical theories that are compatible with such a view and explore their implications. In the (...)
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  36.  18
    Integrity and the Moral Complexity of Professional Practice.Andrew Edgar & Stephen Pattison - 2011 - Nursing Philosophy 12 (2):94-106.
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  37.  19
    Investigations of Hypesthesia: Using Anesthetics to Explore Relationships Between Consciousness, Learning, and Memory.Jackie Andrade - 1997 - Consciousness and Cognition 5 (4):562-80.
    This paper discusses the ways in which anesthetic agents can be used to investigate the role of awareness in learning and memory. It reviews research into learning during light, subclinical anesthesia, termedhypesthesia.This research suggests that the effects of anesthetics on implicit and explicit memory are roughly comparable, although implicit memory for simple stimuli may resist the effects of very low doses of anesthetic. In addition, this paper reports experimental data demonstrating that long-term retention of information is prevented by doses of (...)
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  38.  16
    How Deep is the Conflict Between Self-Organization and Natural Selection?Eugenio Andrade - 2011 - Ludus Vitalis 19 (35):289-311.
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  39.  38
    Working Memory in Perspective.Jackie Andrade (ed.) - 2001 - Psychology Press.
    In this book, experienced researchers in the field address the question: Will the model survive these challenges?
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  40.  64
    Paul Natorp and the Emergence of Anti-Psychologism in the Nineteenth Century.Scott Edgar - 2008 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 39 (1):54-65.
    This paper examines the anti-psychologism of Paul Natorp, a Marburg School Neo-Kantian. It identifies both Natorp’s principle argument against psychologism and the views underlying the argument that give it its force. Natorp’s argument depends for its success on his view that certain scientific laws constitute the intersubjective content of knowledge. That view in turn depends on Natorp’s conception of subjectivity, so it is only against the background of his conception of subjectivity that his reasons for rejecting psychologism make sense. This (...)
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  41.  11
    Need Humanities Be so Useless? Justifying the Place and Role of Humanities as a Critical Resource for Performance and Practice.A. Edgar & S. Pattison - 2006 - Medical Humanities 32 (2):92-98.
    Justifying the existence, position, and relevance of academic humanities scholarship may be difficult in the face of chronic practical needs in health care. Such scholarship may seem parasitic on human activity and performance that directly contributes to human wellbeing and health care. Here, a possible and partial justification for the importance of scholarship in the humanities as a critical resource for practice and performance is undertaken by two humanities scholars. Human identity and emotion are reflected and defined by performances, both (...)
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  42.  53
    New Books. [REVIEW]S. H. Mellone, John Edgar, W. Leslie Mackenzie, C. A. F. Rhys Davids, P. E. Winter, G. Dawes Hicks, A. E. Taylor, J. L. McIntyre & A. W. Benn - 1905 - Mind 14 (54):272-283.
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  43.  8
    The Uncanny, Alienation and Strangeness: The Entwining of Political and Medical Metaphor. [REVIEW]Andrew Robert Edgar - 2011 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 14 (3):313-322.
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  44.  51
    El problema de la teodicea en el pensamiento de Joseph de Maistre.Gabriel Ernesto Andrade - 2006 - 'Ilu. Revista de Ciencias de Las Religiones 11:71-92.
    El problema de la teodicea ha sido una de las grandes preocupaciones del pensamiento religioso en Occidente: si Dios es absolutamente bueno y omnipotente, ¿cómo puede existir el mal en el mundo?, y ¿por qué sufren los virtuosos y gozan los impíos? En la Antigüedad, el Libro de Job intentó ofrecer una respuesta que perduró hasta tiempos modernos. En el siglo XVII, Leibniz ofreció una respuesta mucho más racionalizada, propia de los tiempos modernos. Joseph de Maistre, un contrarrevolucionario del siglo (...)
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  45. Adaptive Strategies and Indigenous Resistance to Protestantism in Ecuador.S. Andrade & J. Burrell - 1999 - Diogenes 47 (187):38-49.
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    Religious Perspectives on Embryo Donation and Research.I. H. Kerridge, C. F. C. Jordens, R. Benson, R. Clifford, R. A. Ankeny, D. Keown, B. Tobin, S. Bhattacharyya, A. Sachedina, L. S. Lehmann & B. Edgar - 2010 - Clinical Ethics 5 (1):35-45.
    The success of assisted reproductive technologies (ARTs) worldwide has led to an accumulation of frozen embryos that are surplus to the reproductive needs of those for whom they were created. In these situations, couples must decide whether to discard them or donate them for scientific research or for use by other infertile couples. While legislation and regulation may limit the decisions that couples make, their decisions are often shaped by their religious beliefs. Unfortunately, health professionals, scientists and policy-makers are often (...)
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  47. New Books. [REVIEW]A. E. Taylor, C. D. Broad, Bernard Muscio, R. M. MacIver, Joseph Rickaby, Leonard J. Russell, G. A. Johnston, Henry J. Watt, M. L., John Edgar, Arthur Robinson, J. Laird, R. R. Marett, J. L. McIntyre, W. L. Lorimer, C. V. Valentine, F. C. S. Schiller & Philip E. B. Jourdan - 1913 - Mind 22 (87):403-442.
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    The Challenge of Transplants to an Intersubjectively Established Sense of Personal Identity.Andrew Edgar - 2009 - Health Care Analysis 17 (2):123-133.
    Face transplants have been performed, in a small number, since 2005. Popular concern over the morality of the face transplant has tended to focus on the role that one’s face plays in one’s sense of self or one’s personal identity. In order to address this concern, the current paper will explore the significance of face transplants in the light of a theory of the self that draws on symbolic interactionism, narrative theory, and accounts of embodiment. The paper will respond to (...)
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  49.  17
    Cognitive Performance During Anesthesia.Jackie Andrade, Rajesh Munglani, J. Gareth Jones & Alan D. Baddeley - 1994 - Consciousness and Cognition 3 (2):148-165.
    This paper explores the changes in cognitive function which occur as someone "loses consciousness" under anesthesia. Seven volunteers attempted a categorization task and a within-list recognition test while inhaling air, 0.2% isoflurane, and 0.4% isoflurane. In general, performance on these tests declined as the dose of anesthetic was increased and returned to baseline after 10 min of breathing air. A measure of auditory evoked responding termed "coherent frequency" showed parallel changes. At 0.2% isoflurane, subjects could still identify and respond to (...)
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  50.  24
    Reseña de" El Legado Del Cristianismo En la Cultura Occidental" de César Vidal.Gabriel Andrade - 2006 - Utopía y Praxis Latinoamericana 11 (34):138-141.
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