Results for 'Edina Eberhardt-Toth'

144 found
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  1.  8
    Altered Neural Activity During Irony Comprehension in Unaffected First-Degree Relatives of Schizophrenia Patients—An fMRI Study.Róbert Herold, Eszter Varga, András Hajnal, Edina Hamvas, Hajnalka Berecz, Borbála Tóth & Tamás Tényi - 2018 - Frontiers in Psychology 8.
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  2.  7
    A Cognitive Elaboration Model of Sustainability Decision Making: Investigating Financial Managers’ Orientation Toward Environmental Issues.Edina Eberhardt-Toth & David M. Wasieleski - 2013 - Journal of Business Ethics 117 (4):735-751.
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  3.  9
    Preface: Remembering Consciousness.Martin Klein & Oliver Istvan Toth - 2018 - Society and Politics 12 (2):05-07.
    This issue is dedicated to consciousness in medieval and early modern philosophy of mind. It aims to shed new light on the continuities and innovations during the transition from medieval to early modern philosophy of mind. The four papers, by Sonja Schierbaum, Daniel Schmal, Oliver Istvan Toth, and Philipp N. Müller, focus on consciousness and, more specifically, on one of its less frequently considered aspects: memory.
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  4.  15
    “Deus Fons Veritatis”: The Subject and its Freedom. The Ontic Foundation of Mathematical Truth. A Biographical-Theoretical Interview with Gaspare Polizzi.Imre Toth - 2009 - Iris. European Journal of Philosophy and Public Debate 1 (1):29-80.
    “Deus fons veritatis”: the Subject and its Freedom. The Ontic Foundation of Mathematical Truth is the title of Gaspare Polizzi’s long biographical-theoretical interview with Imre Toth. The interview is divided into eight parts. The first part describes the historical and cultural context in which Toth was formed. A Jew by birth, during the Second World War Toth became a communist and a partisan, enduring prison, torture, and internment in a concentration camp from 1940 until 6 June 1944. In the second (...)
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  5.  8
    Separating Conscious and Unconscious Influences of Memory: Measuring Recollection.Larry L. Jacoby, Jeffrey P. Toth & Andrew P. Yonelinas - 1993 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 122 (2):139-154.
  6.  23
    Justifying Republican Patriotism.Szilárd János Tóth - 2019 - Filozofija I Društvo 30 (2):287-303.
    My paper is on the republican version of patriotism and its justification, as developed most systematically by Philip Pettit and Maurizio Viroli. The essence of the justification is as follows: patriotism is to be viewed as valuable insofar as it is an indispensable instrument for the upholding of the central republican ideal, namely freedom understood as non-domination. My primary aim is to evaluate the normative force of this justification. In the first section, I introduce minimal descriptive definitions of the concepts (...)
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  7. Actual Causation: A Stone Soup Essay.Clark Glymour, David Danks, Bruce Glymour, Frederick Eberhardt, Joseph Ramsey & Richard Scheines - 2010 - Synthese 175 (2):169-192.
    We argue that current discussions of criteria for actual causation are ill-posed in several respects. (1) The methodology of current discussions is by induction from intuitions about an infinitesimal fraction of the possible examples and counterexamples; (2) cases with larger numbers of causes generate novel puzzles; (3) "neuron" and causal Bayes net diagrams are, as deployed in discussions of actual causation, almost always ambiguous; (4) actual causation is (intuitively) relative to an initial system state since state changes are relevant, but (...)
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  8.  75
    Interventions and Causal Inference.Frederick Eberhardt & Richard Scheines - 2007 - Philosophy of Science 74 (5):981-995.
    The literature on causal discovery has focused on interventions that involve randomly assigning values to a single variable. But such a randomized intervention is not the only possibility, nor is it always optimal. In some cases it is impossible or it would be unethical to perform such an intervention. We provide an account of ‘hard' and ‘soft' interventions and discuss what they can contribute to causal discovery. We also describe how the choice of the optimal intervention(s) depends heavily on the (...)
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  9. Separating Conscious and Unconscious Influences of Memory: Measuring Recollection.Larry L. Jacoby, J. P. Toth & Andrew P. Yonelinas - 1993 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 122 (2):139-54.
  10.  48
    Gift Giving, Guanxi and Illicit Payments in Buyer–Supplier Relations in China: Analysing the Experience of UK Companies.Andrew Millington, Markus Eberhardt & Barry Wilkinson - 2005 - Journal of Business Ethics 57 (3):255-268.
    . This paper explores the relationship between gift giving, guanxi and corruption through a study of the relationships between UK manufacturing companies in China and their local component suppliers. The analysis is based on interviews in the China-based operations of 49 UK companies. Interviews were carried out both with senior (often expatriate) staff and with local line managers who were responsible for everyday purchasing decisions and for managing relationships with suppliers. The results suggest that gift giving is perceived to be (...)
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  11.  40
    Direct Causes and the Trouble with Soft Interventions.Frederick Eberhardt - 2014 - Erkenntnis 79 (4):1-23.
    An interventionist account of causation characterizes causal relations in terms of changes resulting from particular interventions. I provide a new example of a causal relation for which there does not exist an intervention satisfying the common interventionist standard. I consider adaptations that would save this standard and describe their implications for an interventionist account of causation. No adaptation preserves all the aspects that make the interventionist account appealing. Part of the fallout is a clearer account of the difficulties in characterizing (...)
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  12.  81
    Confirmation in the Cognitive Sciences: The Problematic Case of Bayesian Models. [REVIEW]Frederick Eberhardt & David Danks - 2011 - Minds and Machines 21 (3):389-410.
    Bayesian models of human learning are becoming increasingly popular in cognitive science. We argue that their purported confirmation largely relies on a methodology that depends on premises that are inconsistent with the claim that people are Bayesian about learning and inference. Bayesian models in cognitive science derive their appeal from their normative claim that the modeled inference is in some sense rational. Standard accounts of the rationality of Bayesian inference imply predictions that an agent selects the option that maximizes the (...)
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  13.  12
    Caught in the Middle: The Changing Role of Buddhist Meditation for Older Shan Adults.Nancy Eberhardt - 2017 - Contemporary Buddhism 18 (2):292-304.
    In this paper, I examine the role of Buddhist meditation and other ascetic practices in the lives of village elders in a rural Shan community in Mae Hong Son province, Thailand. My focus is not on the techniques used but rather on the larger social and cultural context in which the practice occurs. Traditionally, the taking on of ascetic practices by village elders has been associated with moral development and enhanced psychological and emotional well-being. I describe recent changes in these (...)
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  14. Gift as God — God as Gift? Notes Towards Rethinking the Gift of Theology.Beáta Tóth - 2009 - In Philosophical Concepts and Religious Metaphors: New Perspectives on Phenomenology and Theology. Zeta Books. pp. 255-267.
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  15.  90
    Reliability Via Synthetic a Priori: Reichenbach’s Doctoral Thesis on Probability.Frederick Eberhardt - 2011 - Synthese 181 (1):125-136.
    Hans Reichenbach is well known for his limiting frequency view of probability, with his most thorough account given in The Theory of Probability in 1935/1949. Perhaps less known are Reichenbach's early views on probability and its epistemology. In his doctoral thesis from 1915, Reichenbach espouses a Kantian view of probability, where the convergence limit of an empirical frequency distribution is guaranteed to exist thanks to the synthetic a priori principle of lawful distribution. Reichenbach claims to have given a purely objective (...)
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  16.  38
    Green and Grue Causal Variables.Frederick Eberhardt - 2016 - Synthese 193 (4).
    The causal Bayes net framework specifies a set of axioms for causal discovery. This article explores the set of causal variables that function as relata in these axioms. Spirtes showed how a causal system can be equivalently described by two different sets of variables that stand in a non-trivial translation-relation to each other, suggesting that there is no “correct” set of causal variables. I extend Spirtes’ result to the general framework of linear structural equation models and then explore to what (...)
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  17.  19
    Toward a Redefinition of Implicit Memory: Process Dissociations Following Elaborative Processing and Self-Generation.Jeffrey Toth, Eyal M. Reingold & Larry Jacoby - 1994 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 20 (2):290-303.
  18.  3
    Everyday Morality.Nancy Eberhardt - 2014 - Journal of Religious Ethics 42 (3):393-414.
    This essay explores the nexus between Buddhist discourse, moral reasoning, and aspects of indigenous ethnopsychology in a Shan community in northern Thailand. I suggest that these three strands of thought are routinely braided together in intricate ways and, furthermore, that some version of this conceptual arrangement is necessary in order for any moral thinking to take place. That is, all moral thought entails some conception of the way the world is structured (a conception that may or may not be based (...)
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  19.  45
    Actual Causation: A Stone Soup Essay.Clark Glymour David Danks, Bruce Glymour Frederick Eberhardt, Joseph Ramsey Richard Scheines, Peter Spirtes Choh Man Teng & Zhang Jiji - 2010 - Synthese 175 (2):169--192.
    We argue that current discussions of criteria for actual causation are ill-posed in several respects. (1) The methodology of current discussions is by induction from intuitions about an infinitesimal fraction of the possible examples and counterexamples; (2) cases with larger numbers of causes generate novel puzzles; (3) “neuron” and causal Bayes net diagrams are, as deployed in discussions of actual causation, almost always ambiguous; (4) actual causation is (intuitively) relative to an initial system state since state changes are relevant, but (...)
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  20.  35
    Experimental Indistinguishability of Causal Structures.Frederick Eberhardt - 2013 - Philosophy of Science 80 (5):684-696.
    Using a variety of different results from the literature, I show how causal discovery with experiments is limited unless substantive assumptions about the underlying causal structure are made. These results undermine the view that experiments, such as randomized controlled trials, can independently provide a gold standard for causal discovery. Moreover, I present a concrete example in which causal underdetermination persists despite exhaustive experimentation and argue that such cases undermine the appeal of an interventionist account of causation as its dependence on (...)
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  21.  35
    Process Dissociations Versus Task Dissociations: A Controversy in Progress.Eyal M. Reingold & Jeffrey Toth - 1996 - In G. Underwood (ed.), Implicit Cognition. Oxford University Press. pp. 159-202.
  22. Introduction to the Epistemology of Causation.Frederick Eberhardt - 2009 - Philosophy Compass 4 (6):913-925.
    This survey presents some of the main principles involved in discovering causal relations. They belong to a large array of possible assumptions and conditions about causal relations, whose various combinations limit the possibilities of acquiring causal knowledge in different ways. How much and in what detail the causal structure can be discovered from what kinds of data depends on the particular set of assumptions one is able to make. The assumptions considered here provide a starting point to explore further the (...)
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  23.  5
    Audiovisual Spoken Word Training Can Promote or Impede Auditory-Only Perceptual Learning: Prelingually Deafened Adults with Late-Acquired Cochlear Implants Versus Normal Hearing Adults.Lynne E. Bernstein, Silvio P. Eberhardt & Edward T. Auer - 2014 - Frontiers in Psychology 5.
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  24.  6
    Role of Twinning on Texture Evolution of Silver During Equal Channel Angular Extrusion.I. J. Beyerlein, L. S. Tóth, C. N. Tomé & S. Suwas - 2007 - Philosophical Magazine 87 (6):885-906.
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  25.  4
    Implicit Visual Learning and the Expression of Learning.Hilde Haider, Katharina Eberhardt, Alexander Kunde & Michael Rose - 2013 - Consciousness and Cognition 22 (1):82-98.
    Although the existence of implicit motor learning is now widely accepted, the findings concerning perceptual implicit learning are ambiguous. Some researchers have observed perceptual learning whereas other authors have not. The review of the literature provides different reasons to explain this ambiguous picture, such as differences in the underlying learning processes, selective attention, or differences in the difficulty to express this knowledge. In three experiments, we investigated implicit visual learning within the original serial reaction time task. We used different response (...)
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  26.  4
    Combining Experiments to Discover Linear Cyclic Models with Latent Variables.Richard Scheines, Frederick Eberhardt & Patrik O. Hoyer - unknown
    We present an algorithm to infer causal relations between a set of measured variables on the basis of experiments on these variables. The algorithm assumes that the causal relations are linear, but is otherwise completely general: It provides consistent estimates when the true causal structure contains feedback loops and latent variables, while the experiments can involve surgical or `soft' interventions on one or multiple variables at a time. The algorithm is `online' in the sense that it combines the results from (...)
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  27. Beyond Perception: Conceptual Contributions to Unconscious Influences of Memory.J. P. Toth & Eyal M. Reingold - 1996 - In G. Underwood (ed.), Implicit Cognition. Oxford University Press. pp. 41--84.
  28. Redefining Automaticity: Unconscious Influences, Awareness, and Control.Larry L. Jacoby, D. Ste-Marie & J. P. Toth - 1993 - In A. D. Baddeley & Lawrence Weiskrantz (eds.), Attention: Selection, Awareness,and Control. Oxford University Press.
  29.  12
    Aging, Subjective Experience, and Cognitive Control: Dramatic False Remembering by Older Adults.Larry L. Jacoby, Anthony J. Bishara, Sandra Hessels & Jeffrey P. Toth - 2005 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 134 (2):131-148.
  30.  34
    N − 1 Experiments Suffice to Determine the Causal Relations Among N Variables.Frederick Eberhardt, Clark Glymour & Richard Scheines - unknown
    By combining experimental interventions with search procedures for graphical causal models we show that under familiar assumptions, with perfect data, N - 1 experiments suffice to determine the causal relations among N > 2 variables when each experiment randomizes at most one variable. We show the same bound holds for adaptive learners, but does not hold for N > 4 when each experiment can simultaneously randomize more than one variable. This bound provides a type of ideal for the measure of (...)
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  31. The Relation Between Conscious and Unconscious Influences: Independence or Redundancy?Larry L. Jacoby, J. P. Toth, Andrew P. Yonelinas & J. A. Debner - 1994 - Journal of Experimental Psychology.
  32.  17
    Hans Reichenbach's Probability Logic.Frederick Eberhardt & Clark Glymour - 2004 - In Dov M. Gabbay, John Woods & Akihiro Kanamori (eds.), Handbook of the History of Logic. Elsevier. pp. 10--357.
  33.  22
    Love Between Embodiment and Spirituality: Jean‐Luc Marion and John Paul II on Erotic Love.Beáta Tóth - 2013 - Modern Theology 29 (1):18-47.
    While theological discourse on love traditionally bifurcates between love as a body‐bound passion and its superior and disembodied spiritual counterpart, a growing number of accounts have recently challenged the traditional division arguing for the fundamental unity of the phenomenon of love. Could such a dichotomy be overcome if one reversed the conventional hierarchy between bodily erotic and intellectual agapeic love and made erotic love between man and woman the fundamental paradigm of all kinds of loves? Could the reversal recuperate the (...)
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  34. Explaining Norms and Norms Explained.David Danks & Frederick Eberhardt - 2009 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 32 (1):86-87.
    Oaksford & Chater (O&C) aim to provide teleological explanations of behavior by giving an appropriate normative standard: Bayesian inference. We argue that there is no uncontroversial independent justification for the normativity of Bayesian inference, and that O&C fail to satisfy a necessary condition for teleological explanations: demonstration that the normative prescription played a causal role in the behavior's existence.
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  35.  12
    Direct Cause.Frederick Eberhardt - unknown
    An interventionist account of causation characterizes causal relations in terms of changes resulting from particular interventions. We provide an example of a causal relation for which there does not exist an intervention satisfying the common interventionist standard. We consider adaptations that would save this standard and describe their implications for an interventionist account of causation. No adaptation preserves all the aspects that make the interventionist account appealing.
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  36.  8
    “Mapping to Know”: The Effects of Representational Guidance and Reflective Assessment on Scientific Inquiry.Eva Erdosne Toth, Daniel D. Suthers & Alan M. Lesgold - 2002 - Science Education 86 (2):264-286.
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  37. Lectures for a Layperson: Methods for Revealing Unconscious Processes.Larry L. Jacoby, J. P. Toth, D. S. Lindsay & J. A. Debner - 1992 - In Robert F. Bornstein & B. Pittman (eds.), Perception Without Awareness: Cognitive, Clinical, and Social Perspectives. Guilford Press.
     
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  38.  27
    Nonconscious Forms of Human Memory.Jeffrey P. Toth - 2000 - In Endel Tulving (ed.), The Oxford Handbook of Memory. Oxford University Press. pp. 245--261.
  39. De Interpretatione: Commented Biography of Euclid.I. Toth - 2000 - Diogenes 48 (192):3-40.
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  40.  3
    Neuronal Correlates of Informational and Energetic Masking in the Human Brain in a Multi-Talker Situation.Orsolya Szalárdy, Brigitta Tóth, Dávid Farkas, Erika György & István Winkler - 2019 - Frontiers in Psychology 10.
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  41.  6
    The Relationship Between Conscious and Unconscious Influences: Independence or Redundancy?Larry L. Jacoby, Jeffrey P. Toth, Andrew P. Yonelinas & James A. Debner - 1994 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 123 (2):216-219.
  42. A Response to Graf and Komatsu's (1994) Critique of the Process-Dissociation Procedure: When is Caution Necessary?Jeffrey Toth, Eyal M. Reingold & Larry Jacoby - 1995 - European Journal of Cognitive Psychology 7:113-130.
  43.  21
    Philosophy and Its Place in the Space of Western Spirituality: An Apology.Imre Toth - 2007 - Diogenes 54 (4):3-28.
    Philosophy has never been and never will be a science. Nevertheless it is a body of knowledge, a field of autonomous being and the subject’s ontic foundation as knowledge of itself. This paper provides an analysis of the nature of philosophy as an autonomous form of Western spirit during its historical development. The dialectic between reason, knowledge and freedom is studied through multiple historical examples from the Antiquity to modern times.
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  44.  22
    Rite of Passage or Ethnic Festival?Shan Buddhist Novice Ordinations in Northern Thailand.Nancy Eberhardt - 2009 - Contemporary Buddhism 10 (1):51-63.
    Buddhist novice ordinations have long been an important focus of ritual activity in rural Shan communities. In recent years, large numbers of Shan have been moving into urban areas of northern Thailand, notably the city of Chiang Mai. Many of these are cross-border migrants fleeing unstable conditions in Burma. Others are long-term residents of Thailand's rural border provinces pursuing educational and economic opportunities. With the new concentrations of Shan in Chiang Mai, novice ordinations are becoming an important annual event in (...)
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  45.  1
    Religion Als »Das Opium des Volkes«Religion as »Opium of the People«.Joachim Eberhardt - forthcoming - Deutsche Vierteljahrsschrift für Literaturwissenschaft Und Geistesgeschichte.
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  46.  20
    Alfred North Whitehead’s Basic Philosophical Problem: The Development of a Relativistic Cosmology.Michael Welker, Eric von der Luft & Frank Eberhardt - 1987 - Process Studies 16 (1):1-25.
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  47.  23
    Dissociation of Processes Underlying Spatial S-R Compatibility: Evidence for the Independent Influence of What and Where.Jeffrey P. Toth, Brian Levine, Donald T. Stuss, Alfred Oh, Gordon Winocur & Nachshon Meiran - 1995 - Consciousness and Cognition 4 (4):483-501.
    The process-dissociation procedure was used to estimate the influence of spatial and form-based processing in the Simon task. Subjects made manual responses to the direction of arrows . The results provide evidence that the form and spatial location of a single stimulus can have functionally independent effects on performance. They also indicate the existence of two kinds of automaticity—an associative component that reflects prior S-R mappings and a nonassociative component that reflects the correspondence between stimulus and response codes.
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  48.  12
    SAT-Based Causal Discovery Under Weaker Assumptions. Zhalama, Jiji Zhang, Frederick Eberhardt & Wolfgang Mayer - 2017 - In Proceedings of the 33rd Conference on Uncertainty in Artificial Intelligence (UAI). Association for Uncertainty in Artificial Intelligence (AUAI).
    Using the flexibility of recently developed methods for causal discovery based on Boolean satisfiability solvers, we encode a variety of assumptions that weaken the Faithfulness assumption. The encoding results in a number of SAT-based algorithms whose asymptotic correctness relies on weaker conditions than are standardly assumed. This implementation of a whole set of assumptions in the same platform enables us to systematically explore the effect of weakening the Faithfulness assumption on causal discovery. An important effect, suggested by simulation results, is (...)
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  49.  81
    "As Philolaos the Pythagorean Said": Philosophy, Geometry, Freedom.I. Toth & J. Kaplansky - 1998 - Diogenes 46 (182):43-71.
  50.  27
    Desire and the Delinquent: Juvenile Crime and Deviance in Fin-de-Siècle French Criminology.Stephen A. Toth - 1997 - History of the Human Sciences 10 (4):45-63.
    Historical outlines of fin-de-siècle European criminology have typically focused on the debate between supporters of Lombrosian anatomical determinism on the one hand, and the more environmentalist (i.e. French) explanations of crime on the other. What has gone largely unnoticed, however, is how the basic tenets of the 'French school' were shaped by an implicit moral concern with mass consumption and indi vidualism, particularly in regard to juvenile crime. This paper examines the psychosocial conception of the juvenile criminal - within the (...)
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