Results for 'Edmond A. Pajor'

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  1.  68
    A New Format for Learning About Farm Animal Welfare.Edmond A. Pajor - 2011 - Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 24 (4):367-379.
    Farm animal welfare is a knowledge domain that can be regarded as a model for new ways of organizing learning and making higher education more responsive to the needs of society. Global concern for animal welfare has resulted in a great demand for knowledge. As a complement to traditional education in farm animal welfare, higher education can be more demand driven and look at a broad range of methods to make knowledge available. The result of an inventory on farm animal (...)
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  2. Underpinnings of Medical Ethics.Edmond A. Murphy - 1997 - Johns Hopkins University Press.
    Thus far in the development of the discipline of medical ethics, the overriding concern has been with solutions to specific problems. But discussion is hampered by lack of understanding of the scope and methodology of medical ethics, and its scientific and philosophical basis. In Underpinnings of Medical Ethics Edmond A. Murphy, James J. Butzow, and Edward L. Suarez-Murias offer much-needed clarification of the purview, ontological basis, and methodology of a medical ethics that is to be comprehensive and yet readily (...)
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  3.  48
    The Pursuit of the Minor Premise a Commentary on Normality.Edmond A. Murphy - 1981 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 2 (3):283-299.
    In this paper are explored the ethical implications of the answers to three questions: Whether or not a diseased state is discrete; the criteria by which that question is answered; and how the diseased state is to be identified. Examples are given showing that some states appear to be clearly discrete, and others equally clearly not discrete. The nature of the pertinent evidence will be affected accordingly. It is shown that a slavish and inappropriate concern with categories leads to anomalous (...)
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  4. Angular Homeostasis: IV. Polygonal Orbits.Edmond A. Murphy, Kenneth R. Berger, Joseph E. Trojak & E. Manuel Rosell - 1989 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 10 (4).
    Some properties are discussed of regular polygons that may result from angular homeostatic processes in stable orbit. To characterize these homeostatic polygons we need to discuss the winding number, the sidedness (integer, fractional and irrational), multiplicity, envelopes, and density. A regular (i.e., equilateral, equiangular) polygon may be closed in one revolution about its unique center, in multiple revolutions, or not at all. A homeostatic polygon can be generated only if all vertices are included in a single polygon, which occurs if (...)
     
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  5.  11
    The Logic of Medicine.Edmond A. Murphy - 1997 - Johns Hopkins University Press.
    When first published twenty years ago, The Logic of Medicine presented a new way of thinking about clinical medicine as a scholarly discipline as well as a profession. Since then, advances in research and technology have revolutionized both the practice and theory of medicine. In this new, extensively rewritten edition, Dr. Murphy includes changes to show how these different areas of scholarship may affect details of "the logic of medicine" without compromising its fundamental coherence. New to this edition are discussions (...)
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  6. The Diagnostic Process, the Diagnosis and Homeostasis.Edmond A. Murphy - 1988 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 9 (2).
    In this paper I shall try to analyse appropriate logic and actual methods as a preliminary to developing expert systems that will simulate clinical diagnosis. It is doubtful that all diagnoses address the same kind of problem and hence no one logic will suffice. Sometimes the signs and symptoms manifest an underlying disorder that cannot be observed directly (the substantialist model); sometimes there seems to be no underlying disorder and the diagnosis is a rearrangement of the data (the nominalist model). (...)
     
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  7. Deduction, Inference and Illation.Edmond A. Murphy, E. Manuel Rossell & Magdalena I. Rosell - 1986 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 7 (3).
    From the standpoint of the theory of medicine, a formulation is given of three types of reasoning used by physicians. The first is deduction from probability models (as in prognosis or genetic counseling for Mendelian disorders). It is a branch of mathematics that leads to predictive statements about outcomes of individual events in terms of known formal assumptions and parameters. The second type is inference (as in interpreting clinical trials). In it the arguments from replications of the same process (data) (...)
     
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  8.  2
    The Pursuit of the Minor Premise a Commentary on Normality.Edmond A. Murphy - 1981 - Metamedicine 2 (3):283-299.
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  9. The Logic of Medicine.Edmond A. Murphy - 1978 - Philosophy of Science 45 (3):488-490.
     
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  10.  1
    Skepsis, Dogma, and Belief: Uses and Abuses in Medicine.Edmond A. Murphy - 1981
    This book reflects upon the manner in which medical research is performed and interpreted.
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  11.  48
    Skewness and Asymmetry of Distributions.Edmond A. Murphy - 1982 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 3 (1):87-99.
    The skewness of a distribution, a poorly-defined term, is conventionally deemed to be invariant under linear transformations. A comparison is made of three criteria of it: the sign of odd central moments; the several relationships of the mean, the median and the mode; and asymmetry proper which is the set of ratios of the probability densities of all pairs of points equidistant above and below some arbitrary point, usually the principal mode. Some useful general relationships are discussed. The skeness of (...)
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  12.  28
    The Analysis and Interpretation of Experiments: Some Philosophical Issues.Edmond A. Murphy - 1982 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 7 (4):307-326.
    The epistemology and ontology of experimentation are discussed in depth with special reference to biology and medicine. Two types of experiments are distinguished: exploratory (or "blazing") and consolidating. They Have objectives and canons that are strikingly different. A contrast is drawn between the literalism of the most pragmatic scientists and the formalism of most statisticians. The terms and notions of the one may have imperfect correspondence with those of the other, or perhaps none at all. The dangers are pointed out (...)
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  13.  31
    Some Epistemological Aspects of the Model in Medicine.Edmond A. Murphy - 1978 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 3 (4):273-292.
    SummaryCertain revolutionary changes in medicine—measurement, chemistry, genetics—have led to recasting both the criteriology and the conceptualization of the terms of discourse. But advances along this path rest no longer on naive observation but intimately and inextricably involve modeling, that is, a system of inference which derives no immediate warrant from the primordial data of the senses. This system is not totally new in quality, since all “fact” involves interpretation of data; nor is it entirely new in having heuristic value in (...)
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  14.  7
    Skewness and Asymmetry of Distributions.Edmond A. Murphy - 1982 - Metamedicine 3 (1):87-99.
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  15. Angular Homeostasis: III. The Formalism of Discrete Orbits in Ontogeny.Kenneth R. Berger & Edmond A. Murphy - 1989 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 10 (4).
    The formal properties of orbits in a plane are explored by elementary topology. The notions developed from first principles include: convex and polygonal orbits; convexity; orientation, winding number and interior; convex and star-shaped regions. It is shown that an orbit that is convex with respect to each of its interior points bounds a convex region. Also, an orbit that is convex with respect to a fixed point bounds a star-shaped region.Biological considerations that directed interest to these patterns are indicated, and (...)
     
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  16.  19
    Book Review:The Logic of Medicine Edmond A. Murphy. [REVIEW]Daniel A. Albert & Michael D. Resnik - 1978 - Philosophy of Science 45 (3):488-.
  17. The Philosophy of Zoology Before Darwin: A Translated and Annotated Version of the Original French Text by Edmond Perrier: Originally Published by Fâelix Alcan, Paris in 1884.Edmond Perrier - 2009 - Springer.
     
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  18. Nigel R. Thorp, Ed., The Old French Crusade Cycle, 6: La Chanson de Jérusalem. Tuscaloosa, Ala., and London: University of Alabama Press, 1992. Pp. Xii, 739; Black-and-White Frontispiece, 2 Maps. $50. Edmond A. Emplaincourt, Ed., The Old French Crusade Cycle, 9: La Geste du Chevalier au Cygne. Tuscaloosa, Ala., and London: University of Alabama Press, 1989. Pp. Xxxv, 166. $24.50. [REVIEW]Jane H. M. Taylor - 1993 - Speculum 68 (2):569-571.
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  19. Edmond Holmes, The Headquarters of Reality. A Challenge to Western Thought. [REVIEW]C. A. F. Rhys Davids - 1933 - Hibbert Journal 32:307.
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  20.  31
    The Logic of Medicine. By Edmond A. Murphy. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins Press, 1976. Pp. 353. $16.50. [REVIEW]D. L. Sackett - 1977 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 2 (1):71-76.
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  21. Parfit: A Philosopher and His Mission to Save Morality.David Edmonds - 2023 - Princeton: Princeton University Press.
    Derek Parfit (1942-2017) is the most famous philosopher you've likely never heard of. In 1984, Parfit published what was, and is still, hailed by many philosophers as a work of genius - one of the most cited works of philosophy since World War II, Reasons and Persons. At its core, he argued that we should be concerned less with our own interests and more with the common good. His book brims with brilliant argumentative detail and stunningly inventive thought experiments that (...)
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  22.  11
    Classical and Middle Armenian Bird Names: A Linguistic, Taxonomic, and Mythological Study.Edmond Schütz, John A. C. Greppin & Edmond Schutz - 1982 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 102 (1):243.
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  23. Edmond Goblot’s (1858–1935) Selected Effects Theory of Function: A Reappraisal.Justin Garson - 2021 - Philosophy of Science 88 (5):1210-1220.
    At the beginning of the twentieth century, the French philosopher of science Edmond Goblot wrote three prescient papers on function and teleology. He advanced the remarkable thesis that functions are, as a matter of conceptual analysis, selected effects. He also argued that “selection” must be understood broadly to include both evolutionary natural selection and intelligent design. Here, I do three things. First, I give an overview of Goblot’s thought. Second, I identify his core thesis about function. Third, I argue (...)
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  24.  15
    The Headquarters of Reality. A Challenge to Western Thought. By Edmond Holmes. (London: Methuen & Co., Ltd. 1933. Pp. X + 207. Price 5s.). [REVIEW]C. A. F. Rhys Davids - 1934 - Philosophy 9 (34):233-.
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  25.  1
    Sondages À Lykosoura Et Date de Damophon.Edmond Lévy - 1967 - Bulletin de Correspondance Hellénique 91 (2):518-545.
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  26. A Quoi Tient la Supériorité des Anglo-Saxons. [REVIEW]Edmond Demolins - 1898 - Ancient Philosophy (Misc) 8:292.
     
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  27. Osée, Joël, Amos, Abdias, Jonas.Edmond Jacob, Carl A. Keller & Samuel Amsler - 1965
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  28. Edmonds, David, and John Eidinow. Wittgenstein's Poker: The Story of a Ten-Minute Argument Between Two Great Philosophers. New York: HarperCollins, 2001. Pp. 340. [REVIEW]D. Herman & E. Mechoulan - 2004 - Substance 33 (1):142-144.
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  29.  7
    A Preface to Newman's Theology By Edmond D. Benard.Gregory Grabka - 1964 - Franciscan Studies 6 (1):123-124.
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  30.  16
    A Neglected Chapter in the History of Philosophy of Mathematical Thought Experiments: Insights From Jean Piaget’s Reception of Edmond Goblot.Marco Buzzoni - 2021 - Hopos: The Journal of the International Society for the History of Philosophy of Science 11 (1):282-304.
  31.  27
    A Neglected Chapter in the History of Philosophy of Mathematical Thought Experiments: Edmond Goblot and His Interpretation by Jean Piaget.Marco Buzzoni - forthcoming - Hopos: The Journal of the International Society for the History of Philosophy of Science.
  32.  1
    Nouveaux Bijoux À Délos.Edmond Lévy - 1968 - Bulletin de Correspondance Hellénique 92 (2):523-539.
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  33.  49
    A Genealogy: Play, Folklore, and Art.Edmond Radar - 1978 - Diogenes 26 (103):78-99.
  34. While Reading About a Philosophy of Librarianship.Edmond Desrochers - 1962 - Canadian Library Association.
     
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  35. 1° La théorie de Bohr, la constitution de l'atome et la classification périodique des éléments.Edmond Bauer & A. Berthoud - 1922 - Revue de Métaphysique et de Morale 29 (4):6-8.
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  36. A Design for a Human Mind.Edmond Wright - 1985 - Conceptus: Zeitschrift Fur Philosophie 19 (47):21-37.
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  37.  34
    Perception: A New Theory.Edmond L. Wright - 1977 - American Philosophical Quarterly 14 (4):273-286.
  38. A Theory of Perception.Edmond L. Wright - 2007 - In Narrative, Perception, Language, and Faith. Palgrave-Macmillan.
     
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  39.  20
    A New Critical Realism: An Examination of Roy Wood Sellars' Epistemology.Edmond Wright - 1994 - Transactions of the Charles S. Peirce Society 30 (3):477 - 514.
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  40. RASSEGNA A Cum DI Sumo BONINO.Edmond Wrlght & What It Isn’T. Lzhe - 1997 - Rivista di Filosofia 88 (3).
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  41. A Last Guess at Truth.Edmond Holmes - 1926 - Hibbert Journal 25:490.
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  42. A Criticism of the New Realism as Expounded by Professor S. A. Alexander.Edmond Holmes - 1929 - Hibbert Journal 28:48.
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  43. Wanted-A New Logic.Edmond Holmes - 1930 - Hibbert Journal 29:252.
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  44.  9
    [Recensão a] Plato and the Power of Images. By Pierre Destrée and Radcliffe G. Edmonds III (Ed.). Leiden: Brill 2017. Pp. 243. [REVIEW]Jana Schultz - 2019 - Plato Journal 19:95-99.
    https://doi.org/10.14195/2183-4105_19_5.
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  45.  2
    Réponse a M. naville.Edmond Goblot - 1900 - Revue de Métaphysique et de Morale 8 (1):99 - 101.
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  46. A Critique of Edmond Husserl's Theory of Adequate and Apodictic Evidence.David Michael Levin - 1967 - Dissertation, Columbia University
     
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  47. A Confucian Perspective on Tertiary Education for the Common Good.Edmond Eh - 2018 - Journal of the Macau Ricci Institute 3:26-34.
    Confucian education is best captured by the programme described in the Great Learning. Education is presented first as the process of self-cultivation for the sake of developing virtuous character. Self-cultivation then allows for virtue to be cultivated in the familial, social and international dimensions. My central thesis is that Confucianism can serve as a universal framework of educating people for the common good in its promotion of personal cultivation for the sake of human progress. On this account the common good (...)
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  48.  13
    A Model of Causation Is Not Causation.B. Edmonds - 2016 - Constructivist Foundations 12 (1):12-14.
    Open peer commentary on the article “Circularity and the Micro-Macro-Difference” by Manfred Füllsack. Upshot: The target article is criticised because it conflates models of causation with causation itself. The arguments used in the target article to avoid a straightforward distinction between fine-grained measurements and the abstractions used to model them are discussed. The value of using the word “causation” to refer to atemporal models is questioned.
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  49.  40
    A Brief Survey of Some Results on Mechanisms and Emergent Outcomes.Bruce Edmonds - unknown
    The mechanisms/abilities of agents compared to the emergent outcomes in three different scenarios from my past work is summarised: the El Farol Game; an Artificial Stock Market; and the Iterated Prisoner’s Dilemma. Within each of these, the presence or absence of some different agent abilities was examined, the results being summarised here – some turning out to be necessary, some not. The ability in terms of the recognition of other agents, either by characteristics or by name is a recurring theme. (...)
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  50. SDML: A Multi-Agent Language for Organizational Modelling.Bruce Edmonds - manuscript
    The SDML programming language which is optimized for modelling multi-agent interaction within articulated social structures such as organizations is described with several examples of its functionality. SDML is a strictly declarative modelling language which has object-oriented features and corresponds to a fragment of strongly grounded autoepistemic logic. The virtues of SDML include the ease of building complex models and the facility for representing agents flexibly as models of cognition as well as modularity and code reusability.
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