Results for 'Edmond A. Pajor'

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  1.  67
    A New Format for Learning About Farm Animal Welfare.Edmond A. Pajor - 2011 - Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 24 (4):367-379.
    Farm animal welfare is a knowledge domain that can be regarded as a model for new ways of organizing learning and making higher education more responsive to the needs of society. Global concern for animal welfare has resulted in a great demand for knowledge. As a complement to traditional education in farm animal welfare, higher education can be more demand driven and look at a broad range of methods to make knowledge available. The result of an inventory on farm animal (...)
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  2.  4
    The Logic of Medicine.Edmond A. Murphy - 1997 - Johns Hopkins University Press.
    When first published twenty years ago, The Logic of Medicine presented a new way of thinking about clinical medicine as a scholarly discipline as well as a profession. Since then, advances in research and technology have revolutionized both the practice and theory of medicine. In this new, extensively rewritten edition, Dr. Murphy includes changes to show how these different areas of scholarship may affect details of "the logic of medicine" without compromising its fundamental coherence. New to this edition are discussions (...)
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  3.  5
    The Normal, and the Perils of the Sylleptic Argument.Edmond A. Murphy - 1972 - Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 15 (4):566-582.
  4.  16
    A Scientific Viewpoint on Normalcy.Edmond A. Murphy - 1966 - Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 9 (3):333-348.
  5. Underpinnings of Medical Ethics.Edmond A. Murphy - 1997 - Johns Hopkins University Press.
    Thus far in the development of the discipline of medical ethics, the overriding concern has been with solutions to specific problems. But discussion is hampered by lack of understanding of the scope and methodology of medical ethics, and its scientific and philosophical basis. In Underpinnings of Medical Ethics Edmond A. Murphy, James J. Butzow, and Edward L. Suarez-Murias offer much-needed clarification of the purview, ontological basis, and methodology of a medical ethics that is to be comprehensive and yet readily (...)
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  6.  48
    The Pursuit of the Minor Premise a Commentary on Normality.Edmond A. Murphy - 1981 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 2 (3):283-299.
    In this paper are explored the ethical implications of the answers to three questions: Whether or not a diseased state is discrete; the criteria by which that question is answered; and how the diseased state is to be identified. Examples are given showing that some states appear to be clearly discrete, and others equally clearly not discrete. The nature of the pertinent evidence will be affected accordingly. It is shown that a slavish and inappropriate concern with categories leads to anomalous (...)
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  7.  2
    The Pursuit of the Minor Premise a Commentary on Normality.Edmond A. Murphy - 1981 - Metamedicine 2 (3):283-299.
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  8.  48
    Skewness and Asymmetry of Distributions.Edmond A. Murphy - 1982 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 3 (1):87-99.
    The skewness of a distribution, a poorly-defined term, is conventionally deemed to be invariant under linear transformations. A comparison is made of three criteria of it: the sign of odd central moments; the several relationships of the mean, the median and the mode; and asymmetry proper which is the set of ratios of the probability densities of all pairs of points equidistant above and below some arbitrary point, usually the principal mode. Some useful general relationships are discussed. The skeness of (...)
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  9. Angular Homeostasis: IV. Polygonal Orbits.Edmond A. Murphy, Kenneth R. Berger, Joseph E. Trojak & E. Manuel Rosell - 1989 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 10 (4).
    Some properties are discussed of regular polygons that may result from angular homeostatic processes in stable orbit. To characterize these homeostatic polygons we need to discuss the winding number, the sidedness (integer, fractional and irrational), multiplicity, envelopes, and density. A regular (i.e., equilateral, equiangular) polygon may be closed in one revolution about its unique center, in multiple revolutions, or not at all. A homeostatic polygon can be generated only if all vertices are included in a single polygon, which occurs if (...)
     
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  10. Deduction, Inference and Illation.Edmond A. Murphy, E. Manuel Rossell & Magdalena I. Rosell - 1986 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 7 (3).
    From the standpoint of the theory of medicine, a formulation is given of three types of reasoning used by physicians. The first is deduction from probability models (as in prognosis or genetic counseling for Mendelian disorders). It is a branch of mathematics that leads to predictive statements about outcomes of individual events in terms of known formal assumptions and parameters. The second type is inference (as in interpreting clinical trials). In it the arguments from replications of the same process (data) (...)
     
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  11.  30
    Some Epistemological Aspects of the Model in Medicine.Edmond A. Murphy - 1978 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 3 (4):273-292.
    SummaryCertain revolutionary changes in medicine—measurement, chemistry, genetics—have led to recasting both the criteriology and the conceptualization of the terms of discourse. But advances along this path rest no longer on naive observation but intimately and inextricably involve modeling, that is, a system of inference which derives no immediate warrant from the primordial data of the senses. This system is not totally new in quality, since all “fact” involves interpretation of data; nor is it entirely new in having heuristic value in (...)
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  12.  28
    The Analysis and Interpretation of Experiments: Some Philosophical Issues.Edmond A. Murphy - 1982 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 7 (4):307-326.
    The epistemology and ontology of experimentation are discussed in depth with special reference to biology and medicine. Two types of experiments are distinguished: exploratory (or "blazing") and consolidating. They Have objectives and canons that are strikingly different. A contrast is drawn between the literalism of the most pragmatic scientists and the formalism of most statisticians. The terms and notions of the one may have imperfect correspondence with those of the other, or perhaps none at all. The dangers are pointed out (...)
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  13. The Diagnostic Process, the Diagnosis and Homeostasis.Edmond A. Murphy - 1988 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 9 (2).
    In this paper I shall try to analyse appropriate logic and actual methods as a preliminary to developing expert systems that will simulate clinical diagnosis. It is doubtful that all diagnoses address the same kind of problem and hence no one logic will suffice. Sometimes the signs and symptoms manifest an underlying disorder that cannot be observed directly (the substantialist model); sometimes there seems to be no underlying disorder and the diagnosis is a rearrangement of the data (the nominalist model). (...)
     
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  14.  7
    Skewness and Asymmetry of Distributions.Edmond A. Murphy - 1982 - Metamedicine 3 (1):87-99.
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  15. The Logic of Medicine.Edmond A. Murphy - 1978 - Philosophy of Science 45 (3):488-490.
     
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  16.  4
    "L'entreprise de Recherche" En Sciences Humaines Et Ses Problèmes de Gestion.Edmond A. Lisle - 1973 - Social Science Information 12 (1):163-171.
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  17. Angular Homeostasis: III. The Formalism of Discrete Orbits in Ontogeny.Kenneth R. Berger & Edmond A. Murphy - 1989 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 10 (4).
    The formal properties of orbits in a plane are explored by elementary topology. The notions developed from first principles include: convex and polygonal orbits; convexity; orientation, winding number and interior; convex and star-shaped regions. It is shown that an orbit that is convex with respect to each of its interior points bounds a convex region. Also, an orbit that is convex with respect to a fixed point bounds a star-shaped region.Biological considerations that directed interest to these patterns are indicated, and (...)
     
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  18.  19
    Book Review:The Logic of Medicine Edmond A. Murphy. [REVIEW]Daniel A. Albert & Michael D. Resnik - 1978 - Philosophy of Science 45 (3):488-.
  19.  24
    Words and Intentions: Edmond L. Wright.Edmond L. Wright - 1977 - Philosophy 52 (199):45-62.
    The relationship of word-meaning to speaker's-meaning has not been examined thoroughly enough. Some philosophical problems are solved and others made plainer if the full consequences of a proper relationship between these two is worked out.
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  20. The Philosophy of Zoology Before Darwin: A Translated and Annotated Version of the Original French Text by Edmond Perrier: Originally Published by Fâelix Alcan, Paris in 1884.Edmond Perrier - 2009 - Springer.
     
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  21.  11
    The Logic of Medicine By Edmond A. Murphy.Daniel Albert - 1998 - Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 42 (1):144-145.
  22.  4
    Caste Wars: A Philosophy of Discrimination.David Edmonds - 2006 - Routledge.
    The central topic for this book is the ethics of treating individuals as though they are members of groups. The book raises many interesting questions, including: Why do we feel so much more strongly about discrimination on certain grounds – e.g. of race and sex - than discrimination on other grounds? Are we right to think that discrimination based on these characteristics is especially invidious? What should we think about ‘rational discrimination’ – ‘discrimination’ which is based on sound statistics? To (...)
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  23. Nigel R. Thorp, Ed., The Old French Crusade Cycle, 6: La Chanson de Jérusalem. Tuscaloosa, Ala., and London: University of Alabama Press, 1992. Pp. Xii, 739; Black-and-White Frontispiece, 2 Maps. $50. Edmond A. Emplaincourt, Ed., The Old French Crusade Cycle, 9: La Geste du Chevalier au Cygne. Tuscaloosa, Ala., and London: University of Alabama Press, 1989. Pp. Xxxv, 166. $24.50. [REVIEW]Jane H. M. Taylor - 1993 - Speculum 68 (2):569-571.
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  24. A Defence of Sellars.Edmond L. Wright - 1985 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 46 (September):73-90.
  25.  31
    The Logic of Medicine. By Edmond A. Murphy. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins Press, 1976. Pp. 353. $16.50. [REVIEW]D. L. Sackett - 1977 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 2 (1):71-76.
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  26.  9
    [Recensão a] Plato and the Power of Images. By Pierre Destrée and Radcliffe G. Edmonds III (Ed.). Leiden: Brill 2017. Pp. 243. [REVIEW]Jana Schultz - 2019 - Plato Journal 19:95-99.
    https://doi.org/10.14195/2183-4105_19_5.
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  27.  26
    Perception: A New Theory.Edmond L. Wright - 1977 - American Philosophical Quarterly 14 (4):273-286.
  28. Edmond Holmes, The Headquarters of Reality. A Challenge to Western Thought. [REVIEW]C. A. F. Rhys Davids - 1933 - Hibbert Journal 32:307.
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  29.  26
    SDML: A Multi-Agent Language for Organizational Modelling.Bruce Edmonds - manuscript
    The SDML programming language which is optimized for modelling multi-agent interaction within articulated social structures such as organizations is described with several examples of its functionality. SDML is a strictly declarative modelling language which has object-oriented features and corresponds to a fragment of strongly grounded autoepistemic logic. The virtues of SDML include the ease of building complex models and the facility for representing agents flexibly as models of cognition as well as modularity and code reusability.
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  30.  11
    Classical and Middle Armenian Bird Names: A Linguistic, Taxonomic, and Mythological Study.Edmond Schütz, John A. C. Greppin & Edmond Schutz - 1982 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 102 (1):243.
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  31.  10
    Recueil Edmond Pottier: Etudes d'Art Et d'archeologiePerseus: A Study in Greek Art and LegendSatyroi.E. A. L., Jocelyn M. Woodward, Perseus & F. Brommer - 1938 - Journal of Hellenic Studies 58:105.
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  32.  26
    Edmond Goblot’s (1858-1935) Selected Effects Theory of Function: A Reappraisal.Justin Garson - forthcoming - Philosophy of Science.
    At the beginning of the twentieth century, the French philosopher of science Edmond Goblot wrote three prescient papers on function and teleology. He advanced the remarkable thesis that functions are, as a matter of conceptual analysis, selected effects. He also argued that “selection” must be understood broadly to include both evolutionary natural selection and intelligent design. Here, I do three things. First, I give an overview of Goblot’s thought. Second, I identify his core thesis about function. Third, I argue (...)
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  33.  34
    A Pilot Study of Neonatologists' Decision-Making Roles in Delivery Room Resuscitation Counseling for Periviable Births.Brownsyne Tucker Edmonds, Fatima McKenzie, Janet E. Panoch, Douglas B. White & Amber E. Barnato - 2016 - Ajob Empirical Bioethics 7 (3):175-182.
  34.  31
    Vulnerability in Palliative Care Research: Findings From a Qualitative Study of Black Caribbean and White British Patients with Advanced Cancer.J. Koffman, M. Morgan, P. Edmonds, P. Speck & I. J. Higginson - 2009 - Journal of Medical Ethics 35 (7):440-444.
    Introduction: Vulnerability is a poorly understood concept in research ethics, often aligned to autonomy and consent. A recent addition to the literature represents a taxonomy of vulnerability developed by Kipnis, but this refers to the conduct of clinical trials rather than qualitative research, which may raise different issues. Aim: To examine issues of vulnerability in cancer and palliative care research obtained through qualitative interviews. Method: Secondary analysis of qualitative data from 26 black Caribbean and 19 white British patients with advanced (...)
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  35. Wittgenstein's Poker: The Story of a Ten-Minute Argument Between Two Great Philosophers.David Herman, David Edmonds & John Eidinow - 2004 - Substance 33 (1):142.
  36.  15
    The Headquarters of Reality. A Challenge to Western Thought. By Edmond Holmes. (London: Methuen & Co., Ltd. 1933. Pp. X + 207. Price 5s.). [REVIEW]C. A. F. Rhys Davids - 1934 - Philosophy 9 (34):233-.
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  37. Complexity and Scientific Modelling.Bruce Edmonds - 2000 - Foundations of Science 5 (3):379-390.
    It is argued that complexity is not attributable directly to systems or processes but rather to the descriptions of their `best' models, to reflect their difficulty. Thus it is relative to the modelling language and type of difficulty. This approach to complexity is situated in a model of modelling. Such an approach makes sense of a number of aspects of scientific modelling: complexity is not situated between order and disorder; noise can be explicated by approaches to excess modelling error; and (...)
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  38.  25
    Memento Mori (A propos de la théorie de la connaissance d'Edmond Husserl).Léon Chestov & B. De Schlœzer - 1926 - Revue Philosophique de la France Et de l'Etranger 101:5 - 62.
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  39. The Constructability of Artificial Intelligence.Bruce Edmonds - 2000 - Journal of Logic Language and Information 9 (4):419-424.
    The Turing Test, as originally specified, centres on theability to perform a social role. The TT can be seen as a test of anability to enter into normal human social dynamics. In this light itseems unlikely that such an entity can be wholly designed in anoff-line mode; rather a considerable period of training insitu would be required. The argument that since we can pass the TT,and our cognitive processes might be implemented as a Turing Machine, that consequently a TM that (...)
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  40.  10
    The New Representationalism: A Reply to Pitson.Edmond Wright - 1987 - Philosophical Papers 16 (2):125-139.
  41.  7
    A Neglected Chapter in the History of Philosophy of Mathematical Thought Experiments: Insights From Jean Piaget’s Reception of Edmond Goblot.Marco Buzzoni - 2021 - Hopos: The Journal of the International Society for the History of Philosophy of Science 11 (1):282-304.
  42. A Quoi Tient la Supériorité des Anglo-Saxons. [REVIEW]Edmond Demolins - 1898 - Ancient Philosophy (Misc) 8:292.
     
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  43.  7
    A Preface to Newman's Theology By Edmond D. Benard.Gregory Grabka - 1964 - Franciscan Studies 6 (1):123-124.
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  44.  11
    Fouilles Dans la Nécropole de Myrina, Faites Par M. A. Veyries.Edmond Pottier - 1885 - Bulletin de Correspondance Hellénique 9 (1):359-374.
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  45.  10
    Bas-relief des Nymphes trouvé à Éleusis.Edmond Pottier - 1881 - Bulletin de Correspondance Hellénique 5 (1):349-357.
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  46.  24
    The Watched Pot Still Won’T Boil: Expectancy as a Variable in Estimating the Passage of Time.Delwin Cahoon & Ed M. Edmonds - 1980 - Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 16 (2):115-116.
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  47.  42
    Complexity and Context-Dependency.Bruce Edmonds - 2013 - Foundations of Science 18 (4):745-755.
    It is argued that given the “anti-anthropomorphic” principle—that the universe is not structured for our benefit—modelling trade-offs will necessarily mean that many of our models will be context-specific. It is argued that context-specificity is not the same as relativism. The “context heuristic”—that of dividing processing into rich, fuzzy context-recognition and crisp, conscious reasoning and learning—is outlined. The consequences of accepting the impact of this human heuristic in the light of the necessity of accepting context-specificity in our modelling of complex systems (...)
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  48. While Reading About a Philosophy of Librarianship.Edmond Desrochers - 1962 - Canadian Library Association.
     
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  49.  15
    A Neglected Chapter in the History of Philosophy of Mathematical Thought Experiments: Edmond Goblot and His Interpretation by Jean Piaget.Marco Buzzoni - forthcoming - Hopos: The Journal of the International Society for the History of Philosophy of Science.
  50.  7
    What Do We Want From a Discipline-Based Education? What Do We Need?Jennifer Edmond - 2014 - Arts and Humanities in Higher Education 13 (4):348-358.
    This article presents the research context for a 2013 investigation of how discipline of study at undergraduate level contributes to the development of generic problem solving skills. Inspired by a number of recent higher education policy developments in Ireland, it takes a different approach to the utility debate that seems to plague discussions of the arts and humanities as disciplines of study, looking into the economic and policy research underpinning what we know about the outcomes that can be expected from (...)
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