Results for 'Eduardo Gallegos Krause'

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  1. The Physics and Metaphysics of Identity and Individuality: Steven French and Décio Krause: Identity in Physics: A Historical, Philosophical, and Formal Analysis. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 2006, 440 Pp, £68.00 HB.Don Howard, Bas C. van Fraassen, Otávio Bueno, Elena Castellani, Laura Crosilla, Steven French & Décio Krause - 2011 - Metascience 20 (2):225-251.
    The physics and metaphysics of identity and individuality Content Type Journal Article DOI 10.1007/s11016-010-9463-7 Authors Don Howard, Department of Philosophy and Graduate Program in History and Philosophy of Science, University of Notre Dame, Notre Dame, IN 46556, USA Bas C. van Fraassen, Philosophy Department, San Francisco State University, 1600 Holloway Avenue, San Francisco, CA 94132, USA Otávio Bueno, Department of Philosophy, University of Miami, Coral Gables, FL 33124, USA Elena Castellani, Department of Philosophy, University of Florence, Via Bolognese 52, 50139 (...)
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  2.  10
    Eretria. Ausgrabungen und Forschungen. iv. Krause Das Westtor: Ergebnisse der Ausgrabungen. 1964–1968. Text and plans. Berne: Francke Verlag. 1972. Pp. 87. 127 illus. on 39 plates. 15 text figs. 10 profiles. 7 plans. Sw. fr. 95. [REVIEW]J. J. Coulton, Eretria & C. Krause - 1977 - Journal of Hellenic Studies 97:216-217.
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  3. Das Nachgelassene Werk Immanuel Kants: Vom Uebergange von den Metaphysischen Anfangsgründen der Naturwissenschaft Zur Physik, Mit Belegen, Dargestellt von A. Krause.Immanuel Kant & Albrecht Krause - 1888
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  4. Fiat Iustitia: Recht Als Aufgabe der Vernunft: Festschrift für Peter Krause Zum 70. Geburtstag.Peter Krause & Maximilian Wallerath (eds.) - 2006 - Duncker Und Humblot.
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  5.  18
    Identidades excluidas y formas de acción política. El caso de las huelgas de hambre mapuche: entre la desobediencia civil y la violencia política.Eduardo Gallegos Krause - 2011 - Polis 28.
    En el presente trabajo se analizan las reivindicaciones mapuches como parte de los movimientos sociales étnicos y su vinculación inherente al proceso general de globalización, y particularmente a la revitalización de las culturas locales. Se estudiarán las formas de acción política desde el análisis de medios escritos; analizando la forma en que son representados, y en lo posible, lo que los mismos actores (mapuches) señalan sobre sus formas de expresión; es decir, se tomarán las autoreferencias y la forma en que (...)
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  6.  16
    Civil Passions: Moral Sentiment and Democratic Deliberation.Sharon R. Krause - 2008 - Princeton University Press.
    In this book Sharon Krause argues that moral and political deliberation must incorporate passions, even as she insists on the value of impartiality.
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  7.  95
    Uma Lógica da Indistinguibilidade.J. R. Arenhart & D. Krause - 2012 - Disputatio 4 (34):555-573.
    Arenhart_Krause_Uma-logica-da-indistinguibilidade.
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  8.  14
    Introdução aos fundamentos axiomáticos da ciência.Décio Krause - 2002 - Principia: An International Journal of Epistemology 6 (2):315-319.
    Review of the KRAUSE, Décio "Introdução aos Fundamentos Axiomáticos da Ciência" São Paulo EPU, 2002.
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  9.  21
    Teorias e Modelos em Genética de Populações: Um exemplo do uso do Método Axiomático em Biologia.João Carlos Marques Magalhães & Décio Krause - 2006 - Episteme 11 (24):269-291.
    A investigação de um domínio amplo da realidade, como a evolução dosseres vivos, pode dar origem a diferentes “teorias”, cada uma consoantecom uma particular perspectiva que se considere. Para que se proceda auma análise detalhada dos pressupostos e conceitos que baseiam umadeterminada visão, o método axiomático parece ser a melhor das opções.Neste artigo, são discutidas algumas teorias da biologia evolutiva de umponto de vista axiomático, mostrando-se de que forma se pode apresentarum “predicado de Suppes” para a teoria sintética da evolução, (...)
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  10.  7
    Idealization Viii:: Modelling in Psychology.Jerzy Brzezinski, Bodo Krause & Tomasz Maruszewski - 1997 - Rodopi.
    Contents: I. Philosophical and Methodological Problems of the Process of Cognition. Jenny WADE: Idealizing the Cartesian-Newtonian Paradigm as Reality: The Impact of New-Paradigm Physics on Psychological Theory. Elzbieta HORNOWSKA: Operationalization of Psychological Magnitudes. Assumptions-Structure-Consequences. Thomas BACHMANN: Creating Analogies - on Aspects of the Mapping Process between Knowledge Domains. Harald SCHAUB: Modelling Action Regulation. II. The Structure of Ideal Learning Process. Stellan OHLSON and James J. JEWETT: Ideal Adaptive Agents and the Learning Curve. Bodo KRAUSE: Towards a Theory of Cognitive (...)
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  11. Witchcraft, Demonology, and Confession in Early Modern France.Virginia Krause - 2015 - Cambridge University Press.
    Denounced by neighbors and scrutinized by demonologists, the early modern French witch also confessed, self-identified as a witch and as the author of horrific deeds. What led her to this point? Despair, solitude, perhaps even physical pain, but most decisively, demonology's two-pronged prosecutorial and truth-seeking confessional apparatus. This book examines the systematic and well-oiled machinery that served to extract, interpret, and disseminate witches' confessions in early modern France. For the demonologist, confession was the only way to find out the truth (...)
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  12. Scientific Theories, Models and the Semantic Approach.Otávio Bueno & Décio Krause - 2007 - Principia: An International Journal of Epistemology 11 (2):187-201.
    According to the semantic view, a theory is characterized by a class of models. In this paper, we examine critically some of the assumptions that underlie this approach. First, we recall that models are models of something. Thus we cannot leave completely aside the axiomatization of the theories under consideration, nor can we ignore the metamathematics used to elaborate these models, for changes in the metamathematics often impose restrictions on the resulting models. Second, based on a parallel between van Fraassen’s (...)
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  13. Q-Spaces and the Foundations of Quantum Mechanics.Graciela Domenech, Federico Holik & Décio Krause - 2008 - Foundations of Physics 38 (11):969-994.
    Our aim in this paper is to take quite seriously Heinz Post’s claim that the non-individuality and the indiscernibility of quantum objects should be introduced right at the start, and not made a posteriori by introducing symmetry conditions. Using a different mathematical framework, namely, quasi-set theory, we avoid working within a label-tensor-product-vector-space-formalism, to use Redhead and Teller’s words, and get a more intuitive way of dealing with the formalism of quantum mechanics, although the underlying logic should be modified. We build (...)
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  14. Essay Questions–The Historical Jesus.Jeffrey S. Krause - 2009 - In David Papineau (ed.), Philosophy. Oxford University Press. pp. 240--01.
     
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  15.  76
    Remarks on the Theory of Quasi-Sets.Steven French & Décio Krause - 2010 - Studia Logica 95 (1-2):101 - 124.
    Quasi-set theory has been proposed as a means of handling collections of indiscernible objects. Although the most direct application of the theory is quantum physics, it can be seen per se as a non-classical logic (a non-reflexive logic). In this paper we revise and correct some aspects of quasi-set theory as presented in [12], so as to avoid some misunderstandings and possible misinterpretations about the results achieved by the theory. Some further ideas with regard to quantum field theory are also (...)
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  16.  99
    Beyond Non-Domination.S. R. Krause - 2013 - Philosophy and Social Criticism 39 (2):187-208.
    The concept of non-domination is an important contribution to the study of freedom but it does not comprehend the whole of freedom. Insofar as domination requires a conscious capacity for control on the part of the dominant party, it fails to capture important threats to individual freedom that permeate many contemporary liberal democracies today. Much of the racism, sexism and other cultural biases that currently constrain the life-chances of members of subordinate groups in the USA are largely unconscious and unintentional, (...)
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  17.  30
    On a Quasi-Set Theory.Decio Krause - 1992 - Notre Dame Journal of Formal Logic 33 (3):402--11.
  18. Quantum Vagueness.Steven French & Décio Krause - 2003 - Erkenntnis 59 (1):97 - 124.
    It has been suggested that quantum particles are genuinelyvague objects (Lowe 1994a). The present work explores thissuggestion in terms of the various metaphysical packages that areavailable for describing such particles. The formal frameworksunderpinning such packages are outlined and issues of identityand reference are considered from this overall perspective. Indoing so we hope to illuminate the diverse ways in whichvagueness can arise in the quantum context.
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  19.  94
    Logical Aspects of Quantum (Non-)Individuality.Décio Krause - 2010 - Foundations of Science 15 (1):79-94.
    In this paper I consider some logical and mathematical aspects of the discussion of the identity and individuality of quantum entities. I shall point out that for some aspects of the discussion, the logical basis cannot be put aside; on the contrary, it leads us to unavoidable conclusions which may have consequences in how we articulate certain concepts related to quantum theory. Behind the discussion, there is a general argument which suggests the possibility of a metaphysics of non-individuals, based on (...)
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  20. Identity, Indiscernibility, and Philosophical Claims.Décio Krause & Antonio Mariano Nogueira Coelho - 2005 - Axiomathes 15 (2):191-210.
    The concept of indiscernibility in a structure is analysed with the aim of emphasizing that in asserting that two objects are indiscernible, it is useful to consider these objects as members of (the domain of) a structure. A case for this usefulness is presented by examining the consequences of this view to the philosophical discussion on identity and indiscernibility in quantum theory.
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  21.  53
    Deliberative Exchange, Truth, and Cognitive Division of Labour: A Low-Resolution Modeling Approach.Ulrich Krause & Rainer Hegselmann - 2009 - Episteme 6 (2):130-144.
    This paper develops a formal framework to model a process in which the formation of individual opinions is embedded in a deliberative exchange with others. The paper opts for a low-resolution modeling approach and abstracts away from most of the details of the social-epistemic process. Taking a bird's eye view allows us to analyze the chances for the truth to be found and broadly accepted under conditions of cognitive division of labour combined with a social exchange process. Cognitive division of (...)
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  22. Structures and Structural Realism.Décio Krause - 2003 - Logic Journal of the IGPL 13 (1):113-126.
    The ‘ontic’ form of structural realism , roughly speaking, admits a complete elimination of the objects in the discourse of scientific theories, leaving us with structures only. As put by the defenders of such a claim, the idea is that all there is are structures and, if the relevant structures are to be set-theoretical constructs , as it has also been claimed, then the relations which appear in such structures should be taken to be ‘relations without the relata’. As far (...)
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  23. Vague Identity and Quantum Non-Individuality.Steven French & Décio Krause - 1995 - Analysis 55 (1):20 - 26.
    Lowe has recently argued that quantum particles offer examples of vague objects. While accepting the premise of the argument that such particles can be regarded as individuals, we point out that there is a lacuna here, to be filled by a detailed analysis of the nature of the entangled states which they enter into. We then elaborate the alternative view, according to which such particles should be regarded as non- individuals' and situate it in the context of recent developments of (...)
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  24.  61
    Why Non-Individuality? A Discussion on Individuality, Identity, and Cardinality in the Quantum Context.Jonas Rafael Becker Arenhart & Décio Krause - 2012 - Erkenntnis (1):1-18.
    Recently, in the debate about the ontology of quantum mechanics some authors have defended the view that quantum particles are individuals in a primitive sense, so that individuality should be preferred over non-individuality (the alternative option). Primitive individuality involves two main claims: (1) every item is identical with itself and (2) it is distinct from every other item. Non-relativistic quantum mechanics is said to provide positive evidence for that position, since in every situation comprising multiple particles there is a well-defined (...)
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  25.  41
    An Intensional Schrödinger Logic.Newton C. A. da Costa & Décio Krause - 1997 - Notre Dame Journal of Formal Logic 38 (2):179-194.
    We investigate the higher-order modal logic , which is a variant of the system presented in our previous work. A semantics for that system, founded on the theory of quasi sets, is outlined. We show how such a semantics, motivated by the very intuitive base of Schrödinger logics, provides an alternative way to formalize some intensional concepts and features which have been used in recent discussions on the logical foundations of quantum mechanics; for example, that some terms like 'electron' have (...)
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  26.  77
    A Formal Framework for Quantum Non-Individuality.Décio Krause & Steven French - 1995 - Synthese 102 (1):195 - 214.
    H. Post's conception of quantal particles as non-individuals is set in a formal logico-mathematical framework. By means of this approach certain metaphysical implications of quantum mechanics can be further explored.
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  27. A ética do uso E da seleção de embriões.Decio Krause & Pedro Merlussi - 2013 - Philósophos - Revista de Filosofia 18 (1):219-232.
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  28. A inseparabilidade entre lógica E a ética.Decio Krause - 2013 - Philósophos - Revista de Filosofia 18 (1):245-259.
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  29.  54
    Collective Intentionality and the (Re)Production of Social Norms: The Scope for a Critical Social Science.Juljan Krause - 2012 - Philosophy of the Social Sciences 42 (3):323-355.
    This article aims to contribute to a critical ontology of social objects. Recent works on collective intentionality and norm-following neglect the question how free agents can be brought to collectively intend to x , although x is not in their own interest. By arguing for a natural disposition to empathic understanding and drawing on recent research in the neurosciences, this article outlines an ontological framework that extends collective intentionality to questions of oppression and status asymmetries. In a contribution to this (...)
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  30.  75
    Axiomatization and Models of Scientific Theories.Décio Krause, Jonas R. B. Arenhart & Fernando T. F. Moraes - 2011 - Foundations of Science 16 (4):363-382.
    In this paper we discuss two approaches to the axiomatization of scientific theories in the context of the so called semantic approach, according to which (roughly) a theory can be seen as a class of models. The two approaches are associated respectively to Suppes’ and to da Costa and Chuaqui’s works. We argue that theories can be developed both in a way more akin to the usual mathematical practice (Suppes), in an informal set theoretical environment, writing the set theoretical predicate (...)
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  31. Book Review: Doubt: A History: The Great Doubters and Their Legacy of Innovation From Socrates and Jesus to Thomas Jefferson and Emily Dickinson. [REVIEW]Robert Krause - 2006 - Nursing Ethics 13 (3):328-329.
  32.  22
    A Discussion on Quantum Non-Individuality.Décio Krause & Jonas R. Becker Arenhart - 2012 - Journal of Applied Non-Classical Logics 22 (1-2):105-124.
    In this paper we consider the notions of structure and models within the semantic approach to theories. To highlight the role of the mathematics used to build the structures which will be taken as the models of theories, we review the notion of mathematical structure and of the models of scientific theories. Then, we analyse a case-study and argue that if a certain metaphysical view of quantum objects is adopted, one seeing them as non-individuals, then there would be strong reasons (...)
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  33.  13
    Deliberative Exchange, Truth, and Cognitive Division of Labour: A Low-Resolution Modeling Approach.Rainer Hegselmann & Ulrich Krause - 2009 - Episteme 6 (2):130-144.
    This paper develops a formal framework to model a process in which the formation of individual opinions is embedded in a deliberative exchange with others. The paper opts for a low-resolution modeling approach and abstracts away from most of the details of the social-epistemic process. Taking a bird's eye view allows us to analyze the chances for the truth to be found and broadly accepted under conditions of cognitive division of labour combined with a social exchange process. Cognitive division of (...)
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  34. Quantum Sortal Predicates.Décio Krause & Steven French - 2007 - Synthese 154 (3):417 - 430.
    Sortal predicates have been associated with a counting process, which acts as a criterion of identity for the individuals they correctly apply to. We discuss in what sense certain types of predicates suggested by quantum physics deserve the title of ‘sortal’ as well, although they do not characterize either a process of counting or a criterion of identity for the entities that fall under them. We call such predicates ‘quantum-sortal predicates’ and, instead of a process of counting, to them is (...)
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  35. Book Review: I & II Timothy and Titus: A Commentary. [REVIEW]Deborah Krause - 2005 - Interpretation: A Journal of Bible and Theology 59 (1):74-76.
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  36. Hume and the (False) Luster of Justice.Sharon R. Krause - 2004 - Political Theory 32 (5):628-655.
    The close connection between norms and motives that is characteristic of Hume's moral theory threatens to break down when it comes to the political matter of justice. Here a gap arises between the moral approval of justice, which is based on its utility, and the desires that motivate just action, which utility cannot fully explain. Therefore the obligation to justice may seem to be motivationally unsupported. This difficulty is compounded by the fact that, for Hume, no obligation can arise unless (...)
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  37. Essay Questions–The Case for the Resurrection.Jeffrey S. Krause & Derek Bartlow - 2009 - In David Papineau (ed.), Philosophy. Oxford University Press. pp. 240--01.
     
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  38.  89
    The Mathematics of Non-Individuality.Décio Krause - unknown
    Some of the forerunners of quantum theory regarded the basic entities of such theories as 'non-individuals'. One of the problems is to treat collections of such 'things', for they do not obey the axioms of standard set theories like Zermelo- Fraenkel. In this paper, collections of objects to which the standard concept of identity does not apply are termed 'quasi-sets'. The motivation for such a theory, linked to what we call 'the Manin problem', is presented, so as its specific axioms. (...)
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  39.  17
    Physician Responsibility Towards Palliative Care Patients in Regard to the New Customer Orientation Paradigm.Katharina Seibel, Franziska Krause & Gerhild Becker - 2014 - Ethik in der Medizin 26 (1):47-58.
    ZusammenfassungEin gelungenes Arzt-Patient-Verhältnis, das auf gegenseitigem Vertrauen und ärztlicher Verantwortung basiert, ist ein zentraler Bestandteil des Ideals der ärztlichen Profession. Aktuell wird vielfach von einem neuen „ökonomischen Paradigma“ in der Medizin gesprochen, das dieses Verhältnis vermeintlich unterminiert. Als ein wichtiges Merkmal dieses Paradigmas gilt das Verständnis vom Patienten als Kunden, der charakterisiert ist durch seine Selbstbestimmung bzw. Autonomie. Wie stellt sich die Kundenrolle nun aber bei vulnerablen Patientengruppen dar, die in ihrer Autonomie eingeschränkt sind, und was bedeutet dies wiederum für (...)
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  40.  13
    The First Survey of Attitudes of Medical Students in Ireland Towards Termination of Pregnancy.J. M. Fitzgerald, K. E. Krause, D. Yermak, S. Dunne, A. Hannigan, W. Cullen, D. Meagher, D. McGrath, P. Finucane, C. Coffey & C. Dunne - 2014 - Journal of Medical Ethics 40 (10):710-713.
    Background Since the UK Abortion Act (1967), women have travelled from Ireland to the UK for legal abortion. In 2011 >4000 women did so. Knowledge and attitudes of medical students towards abortion have been published, however, this is the first such report from Ireland. Objective To investigate medical students’ attitudes towards abortion in Ireland. Methods All medical students at the University of Limerick, and physicians who graduated from the university within the previous 12 months, were invited via email to complete (...)
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  41.  3
    „Doctor Knows Best“? – Eine Analyse der Arzt-Patient-Beziehung in der TV-KrankenhausserieDr. House.Uta Bittner, Sebastian Armbrust & Franziska Krause - 2013 - Ethik in der Medizin 25 (1):33-45.
    ZusammenfassungVor dem Hintergrund, dass in den Medien und der Öffentlichkeit thematisierte und dargestellte Arztbilder stets auch auf die öffentliche Meinung und die Vorstellungen der Menschen von Ärzten wirken, spürt der Artikel der Frage nach, welches Arztbild die amerikanische TV-KrankenhausserieDr. House transportiert und welche Ausprägung das dargestellte Arzt-Patienten-Verhältnis einnimmt. Hierbei werden die medizinethischen Reflexionen durch eine detaillierte medienwissenschaftliche Genre-Einordnung und dramaturgische Analyse eingerahmt und unterstützt. Zudem werden als Analyseinstrumentarium die vier Modelle des Arzt-Patienten-Verhältnisses nach Emanuel/emanuel herangezogen. Dieser interdisziplinäre Forschungsansatz zeigt, dass (...)
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  42.  34
    Laws, Passion, and the Attractions of Right Action in Montesquieu.Sharon R. Krause - 2006 - Philosophy and Social Criticism 32 (2):211-230.
    This article examines Montesquieu's concept of natural law and treatment of legal customs in conjunction with his theory of moral psychology. It explores his effort to entwine the rational procedural quality of laws with the substantive principles that sustain them. Montesquieu grounds natural law in the desires of the human being as ‘a feeling creature’, thus establishing the normative force of desire and making right action attractive by engaging the passions rather than subordinating them to reason. As a result, natural (...)
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  43.  25
    Desiring Justice: Motivation and Justification in Rawls and Habermas.Sharon Krause - 2005 - Contemporary Political Theory 4 (4):363-385.
    In seeking to neutralize affectivity and in requiring us to act for the right without reference to the conceptions of the good that normally attract our allegiance, some critics say, contemporary cognitivist theories of justice undercut human agency and leave justice hanging. This paper explores the merits of that charge by engaging the work of John Rawls and Jürgen Habermas. Rawls does offer an account of the sense of justice that can meet the motivational challenge, albeit not without compromising the (...)
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  44.  56
    The Logic of Complementarity.Newton C. A. Da Costa & Décio Krause - unknown
    This paper is the sequel of a previous one where we have introduced a paraconsistent logic termed paraclassical logic to deal with 'complementary propositions'. Here, we enlarge upon the discussion by considering certain 'meaning principles', which sanction either some restrictions of 'classical' procedures or the utilization of certain 'classical' incompatible schemes in the domain of the physical theories. Here, the term 'classical' refers to classical physics. Some general comments on the logical basis of a scientific theory are also put in (...)
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  45.  56
    Remarks on Quantum Ontology.Décio Krause - 2000 - Synthese 125 (1-2):155-167.
    Despite the discrepancies between quantum objects and `classical' ones, mainly with regard to the fact that the latter may be thought of as `individuals', contrary to the former, we still regard the quanta as `things' in our ordinary discourse as well as in the logico-mathematical basis of quantum theories. This paper considers some possibilities for accomodating the logico-mathematical framework of the theories which deal with such a strange ontology where the inhabitants are things devoid of identity and both having and (...)
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  46.  72
    Quantum Sortal Predicates.D.\'ecio Krause & Steven French - 2007 - Synthese 154 (3):417 - 430.
    Sortal predicates have been associated with a counting process, which acts as a criterion of identity for the individuals they correctly apply to. We discuss in what sense certain types of predicates suggested by quantum physics deserve the title of 'sortal' as well, although they do not characterize either a process of counting or a criterion of identity for the entities that fall under them. We call such predicates 'quantum-sortal predicates' and, instead of a process of counting, to them is (...)
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  47.  14
    Indistinguibilidade, não reflexividade, ontologia e física quântica.Jonas Rafael Becker Arenhart & Décio Krause - 2012 - Scientiae Studia 10 (1):41-69.
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  48.  12
    Sobre uma fundamentação não reflexiva da mecânica quântica.Newton Carneiro Affonso da Costa, Décio Krause, Jonas Rafael Becker Arenhart & Jaison Schinaider - 2012 - Scientiae Studia 10 (1):71-104.
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  49.  64
    Metáforas polémicas: El Caso de la argumentación (Polemic Metaphors: The Case of Argumentation).De Bustos Eduardo - 1996 - Theoria 11 (1):21-40.
    (Spanish) La argumentación es un aspecto publico y comunicativo, quizás no el único, de los procesos cognitivos inferenciales en la especie humana. Aunque los propios procesos cognitivos inferenciales no son exclusivos de los seres humanos, su expresión a través de la comunicación lingüística, su utilización en los procesos sociales para la conformación y cambio de las creencias y la conducta es propiamente humana. Una explicación correcta del concepto de argumentación es por tanto importante para captar nuestro concepto de racionalidad, de (...)
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  50.  89
    Remarks on the Applications of Paraconsistent Logic to Physics.Newton C. A. da Costa & Décio Krause - unknown
    In this paper we make some general remarks on the use of non-classical logics, in particular paraconsistent logic, in the foundational analysis of physical theories. As a case-study, we present a reconstruction of P.\ -D.\ F\'evrier's 'logic of complementarity' as a strict three-valued logic and also a paraconsistent version of it. At the end, we sketch our own approach to complementarity, which is based on a paraconsistent logic termed 'paraclassical logic'.
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