Results for 'Edward Barratt'

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  1.  20
    Parrhesia and the ethics of public service – towards a genealogy of the bureaucrat as frank counsellor.Edward Barratt - 2020 - Foucault Studies 1 (28):120-141.
    Foucault makes clear in his later lectures that the notion of parrhesia has a long and varied history, which he merely sketches in his investigations of ancient politics and philosophy. Recent research extends and modifies Foucault’s genealogy of parrhesia as an aspect of the practice of the adviser or counsellor of a monarch or prince, showing how parrhesia informed notions of counsel at other times: in later antiquity, the middle ages as well as early modern Europe. Here we seek to (...)
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  2.  19
    On Human Nature.Edward O. Wilson - 1978 - Harvard University Press.
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  3. The Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.Edward N. Zalta (ed.) - 2014 - Stanford, CA: The Metaphysics Research Lab.
    The Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy is an open access, dynamic reference work designed to organize professional philosophers so that they can write, edit, and maintain a reference work in philosophy that is responsive to new research. From its inception, the SEP was designed so that each entry is maintained and kept up to date by an expert or group of experts in the field. All entries and substantive updates are refereed by the members of a distinguished Editorial Board before they (...)
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  4. A defensible divine command theory.Edward Wierenga - 1983 - Noûs 17 (3):387-407.
  5. Theism and counterpossibles.Edward Wierenga - 1998 - Philosophical Studies 89 (1):87-103.
  6.  38
    A Bargaining-Theoretic Approach to Moral Uncertainty.Hilary Greaves & Owen Cotton-Barratt - 2023 - Journal of Moral Philosophy 21 (1-2):127-169.
    Nick Bostrom and others have suggested treating decision-making under moral uncertainty as analogous to parliamentary decision-making. The core suggestion of this “parliamentary approach” is that the competing moral theories function like delegates to the parliament, and that these delegates then make decisions by some combination of bargaining and voting. There seems some reason to hope that such an approach might avoid standard objections to existing approaches (for example, the “maximise expected choiceworthiness” (MEC) and “my favourite theory” approaches). However, the parliamentary (...)
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  7. A robust future for conflict of interest".Edward Wasserman - 2010 - In Christopher Meyers (ed.), Journalism ethics: a philosophical approach. New York: Oxford University Press.
     
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  8.  90
    Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.Edward N. Zalta (ed.) - 1995 - Stanford University.
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  9. Statistical Normalization Methods in Interpersonal and Intertheoretic Comparisons.William MacAskill, Owen Cotton-Barratt & Toby Ord - 2020 - Journal of Philosophy 117 (2):61-95.
    A major problem for interpersonal aggregation is how to compare utility across individuals; a major problem for decision-making under normative uncertainty is the formally analogous problem of how to compare choice-worthiness across theories. We introduce and study a class of methods, which we call statistical normalization methods, for making interpersonal comparisons of utility and intertheoretic comparisons of choice-worthiness. We argue against the statistical normalization methods that have been proposed in the literature. We argue, instead, in favor of normalization of variance: (...)
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  10.  11
    The meaning of human existence.Edward O. Wilson - 2014 - New York: Liveright Publishing Corporation, a Division of W.W. Norton & Company.
    National Book Award Finalist. How did humanity originate and why does a species like ours exist on this planet? Do we have a special place, even a destiny in the universe? Where are we going, and perhaps, the most difficult question of all, "Why?" In The Meaning of Human Existence, his most philosophical work to date, Pulitzer Prize–winning biologist Edward O. Wilson grapples with these and other existential questions, examining what makes human beings supremely different from all other species. (...)
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  11.  6
    Scientific representation.Edward N. Zalta - 2014 - In The Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy. Stanford, CA: The Metaphysics Research Lab.
    Science provides us with representations of atoms, elementary particles, polymers, populations, genetic trees, economies, rational decisions, aeroplanes, earthquakes, forest fires, irrigation systems, and the world’s climate. It's through these representations that we learn about the world. This entry explores various different accounts of scientific representation, with a particular focus on how scientific models represent their target systems. As philosophers of science are increasingly acknowledging the importance, if not the primacy, of scientific models as representational units of science, it's important to (...)
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  12.  18
    Faith, morals, and money: what the world's religions tell us about money in the marketplace.Edward D. Zinbarg - 2001 - New York: Continuum.
    This is a book grounded in the real ethical challenges of modern business practice, with a world-religious perspective so necessary in an era of globalization.
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  13.  5
    Consilience: zhi shi da rong tong.Edward O. Wilson - 2001 - Taibei Shi: Tian xia yuan jian chu ban gu fen you xian gong si. Edited by Jinjun Liang.
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  14.  8
    The ergodic hierarchy.Edward N. Zalta - 2014 - In The Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy. Stanford, CA: The Metaphysics Research Lab.
    The so-called ergodic hierarchy (EH) is a central part of ergodic theory. It is a hierarchy of properties that dynamical systems can possess. Its five levels are egrodicity, weak mixing, strong mixing, Kolomogorov, and Bernoulli. Although EH is a mathematical theory, its concepts have been widely used in the foundations of statistical physics, accounts of randomness, and discussions about the nature of chaos. We introduce EH and discuss its applications in these fields.
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  15.  8
    Models in science.Edward N. Zalta - 2014 - In The Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy. Stanford, CA: The Metaphysics Research Lab.
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  16.  32
    How Context Influences Our Perception of Emotional Faces: A Behavioral Study on the Kuleshov Effect.Marta Calbi, Katrin Heimann, Daniel Barratt, Francesca Siri, Maria A. Umiltà & Vittorio Gallese - 2017 - Frontiers in Psychology 8.
  17. Heredity" and "The Evolution of Ethics".Edward O. Wilson & Michael Ruse - 2013 - In Jeffrey Foss (ed.), Science and the World: Philosophical Approaches. Peterborough, CA: Broadview Press.
     
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  18. Heredity" and "The Evolution of Ethics".Edward O. Wilson & Michael Ruse - 2013 - In Jeffrey Foss (ed.), Science and the World: Philosophical Approaches. Peterborough, CA: Broadview Press.
     
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  19.  4
    The medium modulates the medusa effect: Perceived mind in analogue and digital images.Salina Edwards, Rob Jenkins, Oliver Jacobs & Alan Kingstone - 2024 - Cognition 249 (C):105827.
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  20.  1
    Sartre's Existential Psychoanalysis: Knowing Others.Mary Edwards - 2022 - London: Bloomsbury.
    Western philosophical orthodoxy places many aspects of other people's lives outside the scope of our knowledge. Demonstrating an alternative to this view, however, this book argues that Jean-Paul Sartre's application of his unique psychoanalytic method to Gustave Flaubert is the culmination of his project to show that it is possible to know everything there is to know about another person. It examines how Sartre aims to revolutionize our way of thinking about others by presenting his existential psychoanalysis as the means (...)
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  21. Plato, Protagoras and Meno Reviewed by.Edward Moore - 2004 - Philosophy in Review 24 (5):352-354.
     
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  22.  49
    Mathematical Pluralism.Edward N. Zalta - 2024 - Noûs 58 (2):306-332.
    Mathematical pluralism can take one of three forms: (1) every consistent mathematical theory consists of truths about its own domain of individuals and relations; (2) every mathematical theory, consistent or inconsistent, consists of truths about its own (possibly uninteresting) domain of individuals and relations; and (3) the principal philosophies of mathematics are each based upon an insight or truth about the nature of mathematics that can be validated. (1) includes the multiverse approach to set theory. (2) helps us to understand (...)
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  23.  24
    Analysis of variance methods for the design and analysis of Monte Carlo statistical studies.Edward L. Wire & James D. Church - 1977 - Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 10 (2):131-133.
    It was proposed that the data from Monte Carlo statistical investigations be subjected to analysis of variance methods rather than the conventional techniques of tabling, graphing, and inspecting the data. Two examples in which analysis of variance methods were applied to published Monte Carlo studies were presented. It was suggested that balanced factorial designs should be used whenever possible in Monte Carlo studies so that analysis of variance methods would be directly applicable. Finally, three advantages of analysis of variance methods (...)
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  24.  31
    Attentional capture by emotional faces is contingent on attentional control settings.Daniel Barratt & Claus Bundesen - 2012 - Cognition and Emotion 26 (7):1223-1237.
    Attentional capture by schematic emotional faces was investigated in two experiments using the flanker task devised by Eriksen and Eriksen (1974). In Experiment 1, participants were presented with a central target (a schematic face that was either positive or negative) flanked by two identical distractors, one on either side (schematic faces that were positive, negative, or neutral). The objective was to identify the central target as quickly as possible. The impact of the flankers depended on their emotional expression. Consistent with (...)
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  25.  18
    Freedom of the will.Jonathan Edwards - 1754 - Franklin Center, Pa.: Franklin Library. Edited by Arnold S. Kaufman & William K. Frankena.
    Eighteenth-century theologian_Jonathan Edwards remains a significant influence on modern religion, and this book constitutes his most important contribution to Christian thought. Edwards_raises timeless questions about desire, choice, good, and evil, contrasting the opposing Calvinist and Arminian views of free will and addressing issues related to God's foreknowledge, determinism, and moral agency.
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  26. Architecture.Edward Winters - 2000 - In Berys Nigel Gaut & Dominic Lopes (eds.), The Routledge Companion to Aesthetics. Routledge.
     
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  27.  27
    A systematic review on communicating with patients about evidence.Lyndal J. Trevena, Alexandra Barratt, Phyllis Butow & Patrina Caldwell - 2006 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 12 (1):13-23.
  28.  3
    Frege's logic, theorem, and foundations for arithmetic.Edward N. Zalta - 2014 - In The Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy. Stanford, CA: The Metaphysics Research Lab.
    In this entry, Frege’s logic is introduced and described in some detail. It is shown how the Dedekind-Peano axioms for number theory can be derived from a consistent fragment of Frege’s logic, with Hume’s Principle replacing Basic Law V.
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  29. Stanford Encylopedia of Philosophy.Edward N. Zalta (ed.) - 2020
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  30.  11
    Radical Psychoanalysis: An Essay on Free-Associative Praxis.Barnaby B. Barratt - 2016 - Routledge.
    Only by the method of free-association could Sigmund Freud have demonstrated how human consciousness is formed by the repression of thoughts and feelings that we consider dangerous. Yet today most therapists ignore this truth about our psychic life. This book offers a critique of the many brands of contemporary psychoanalysis and psychotherapy that have forgotten Freud's revolutionary discovery. Barnaby B. Barratt offers a fresh and compelling vision of the structure and function of the human psyche, building on the pioneering (...)
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  31.  36
    Ethical Issues in the Feeding of Patients Suffering from Dementia: a focus group study of hospital staff responses to conflicting principles.Stephen Wilmot, Lesley Legg & Janice Barratt - 2002 - Nursing Ethics 9 (6):599-611.
    Feeding difficulties in older patients who are suffering from dementia present problems with balancing conflicting ethical principles. They have been considered by several writers in recent years, and the views of nursing and care staff have been studied in different contexts. The present study used focus groups to explore the way in which nursing and care staff in a National Health Service trust deal with conflict between ethical principles in this area. Three focus groups were convened, one each from the (...)
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  32.  19
    Orientalism.Edward Said - 1978 - Vintage.
    A provocative critique of Western attitudes about the Orient, this history examines the ways in which the West has discovered, invented, and sought to control the East from the 1700s to the present.
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  33.  10
    The emergence of somatic psychology and bodymind therapy.Barnaby B. Barratt - 2010 - New York: Palgrave-Macmillan.
    Rooted in the ancient holistic disciplines or energy sciences, and becoming established in the work of early psychodynamic pioneers, this new discipline, with the current growth of its bodymind methodologies, draws from phenomenological philosophies, depth psychologies, and from the latest neuroscience. This unique text explores both the remarkable history and the contemporary burgeoning of somatic psychology, and addresses the theoretical challenges that must be met if it is to realize its impressive potential. --Book Jacket.
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  34.  89
    Fregean Senses, Modes of Presentation, and Concepts.Edward N. Zalta - 2001 - Noûs 35 (s15):335-359.
    Many philosophers, including direct reference theorists, appeal to naively to 'modes of presentation' in the analysis of belief reports. I show that a variety of such appeals can be analyzed in terms of a precise theory of modes of presentation. The objects that serve as modes are identified intrinsically, in a noncircular way, and it is shown that they can function in the required way. It is a consequence of the intrinsic characterization that some objects are well-suited to serve as (...)
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  35.  2
    The philosophy of religion.Rudolf Otto & Ernest Barratt Dicker - 1931 - London,: Williams & Norgate. Edited by Ernest Barratt Dicker.
  36.  27
    Instrumental desires, instrumental rationality.Edward Harcourt - 2004 - Supplement to the Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 78 (1):111-129.
    [Michael Smith] The requirements of instrumental rationality are often thought to be normative conditions on choice or intention, but this is a mistake. Instrumental rationality is best understood as a requirement of coherence on an agent's non-instrumental desires and means-end beliefs. Since only a subset of an agent's means-end beliefs concern possible actions, the connection with intention is thus more oblique. This requirement of coherence can be satisfied either locally or more globally, it may be only one among a number (...)
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  37.  5
    Psychic Reality and Psychoanalytic Knowing.Barnaby B. Barratt - 2017 - Routledge.
    How do we know our mental life, and how is our mental life altered by our efforts to know it better? Originally published in 1984, this title attempts an epistemological and ontological discourse concerning the understanding of human mental processes, and it aims toward a definitive thesis on the dialectics of knowing and being in this work of psychological understanding. What this work reconfronts are questions pertaining to all psychology and to all human sciences. Yet much of its focus is (...)
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  38. Intensional Logic and the Metaphysics of Intentionality.Edward N. Zalta - 1988 - Cambridge, MA, USA: MIT Press.
    This book tackles the issues that arise in connection with intensional logic -- a formal system for representing and explaining the apparent failures of certain important principles of inference such as the substitution of identicals and existential generalization -- and intentional states --mental states such as beliefs, hopes, and desires that are directed towards the world. The theory offers a unified explanation of the various kinds of inferential failures associated with intensional logic but also unifies the study of intensional contexts (...)
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  39.  12
    The Effect of Reportable and Unreportable Hints on Anagram Solution and the Aha! Experience.Edward M. Bowden - 1997 - Consciousness and Cognition 6 (4):545-573.
    Two experiments examine the effects of unreportable hints on anagram solving performance and on solvers' subjective experience of insight. In Experiment 1, after seeing a hint presented too briefly to identify, participants solved anagrams preceded by the solution fastest and solved anagrams preceded by unrelated hints slowest. Participants' “warmth” ratings for solution hints were more insight-like than those for unrelated hints. In Experiment 2 a hint, or no hint, was presented at one of three different exposure durations. Participants benefited from (...)
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  40. Abstract Objects: An Introduction to Axiomatic Metaphysics.Edward N. Zalta - 1983 - Dordrecht, Netherland: D. Reidel.
    In this book, Zalta attempts to lay the axiomatic foundations of metaphysics by developing and applying a (formal) theory of abstract objects. The cornerstones include a principle which presents precise conditions under which there are abstract objects and a principle which says when apparently distinct such objects are in fact identical. The principles are constructed out of a basic set of primitive notions, which are identified at the end of the Introduction, just before the theorizing begins. The main reason for (...)
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  41. Corporate Responsibility.Patricia Werhane & R. Edward Freeman - 2003 - In Hugh LaFollette (ed.), The Oxford handbook of practical ethics. New York: Oxford University Press. pp. 514--536.
     
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  42.  36
    An Alternative Transdiagnostic Mechanistic Approach to Affective Disorders Illustrated With Research From Clinical Psychology.Edward Watkins - 2015 - Emotion Review 7 (3):250-255.
    Current psychiatric classification adopts a disorder-focused diagnostic approach, as exemplified within ICD-11 and DSM-V. Although this approach has improved reliability of categorization, its validity and utility has been questioned (Harvey, Watkins, Mansell, & Shafran, 2004; Insel et al., 2009; Sanislow et al., 2010). Limitations include high comorbidity between supposedly distinct disorders; heterogeneity within diagnoses; limited treatment efficacy; and similarities across disorders in aetiology, latent symptom structure, and underlying biology. There is also evidence of transdiagnostic cognitive-behavioural processes (Harvey et al., 2004). (...)
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  43. The `suppression' of egoism.Alfred Barratt - 1877 - Mind 2 (6):167-186.
  44.  49
    American pragmatism: Peirce, James, and Dewey.Edward C. Moore - 1961 - Westport, Conn.: Greenwood Press.
    This book discusses American pragmatism as it is found in the writings of its three major advocates: Charles S. Peirce, William James, and John Dewey. This book discusses each man's definition of pragmatism and shows how each of them applied it to one basic concept: Peirce to a theory of reality; James to a notion of truth; and Dewey to the concept of God.
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  45.  13
    Regulating Movement in Pandemic Times.R. Jefferies, T. Barratt, C. Huang & A. Bashford - 2023 - Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 20 (4):633-638.
    As COVID-19 and its variants spread across Australia at differing paces and intensity, the country’s response to the risk of infection and contagion revealed an intensification of bordering practices as a form of risk mitigation with disparate impacts on different segments of the Australian community. Australia’s international border was closed for both inbound and outbound travel, with few exceptions, while states and territories, Indigenous communities, and local government areas were subject to a patchwork of varying restrictions. By focusing on borders (...)
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  46. Knowledge and the State of Nature: An Essay in Conceptual Synthesis.Edward Craig - 1990 - Oxford, GB: Clarendon Press.
    The standard philosophical project of analysing the concept of knowledge has radical defects in its arbitrary restriction of the subject matter, and its risky theoretical presuppositions. Edward Craig suggests a more illuminating approach, akin to the `state of nature' method found in political theory, which builds up the concept from a hypothesis about the social function of knowledge and the needs it fulfils. Light is thrown on much that philosophers have written about knowledge, about its analysis and the obstacles (...)
  47.  31
    Interpreting vatican II forty years on: A case of caveat lector.Anthony M. Barratt - 2006 - Heythrop Journal 47 (1):75–96.
    Some forty years on from the great events of the Second Vatican Council, there is still much debate about the interpretation of the Council and its documents. In recent years there has been what might be termed a hermeneutical project: to develop an understanding of the complex processes involved in the genesis of the texts and to explore the interactions of the various individuals and groups that helped to shape the Council. What has emerged is a view of the Council (...)
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  48.  9
    Psychoanalysis and the Postmodern Impulse: Knowing and Being Since Freud's Psychology.Barnaby B. Barratt - 1993 - Routledge.
    According to the author, psychoanalytic theory and practice – which discloses ‘the interminable falsity of the human subject’s belief in the mastery of its own mental life’ – is in part responsible for the coming of the postmodern era. In this title, originally published in 1993, Barratt examines the role of psychoanalysis in what he sees as the crisis of modernism, shows why the modernist position – what he calls the ‘modern episteme’ – is failing, and proposes that psychoanalysis (...)
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  49.  49
    Gewirth's ethical rationalism: critical essays with a reply by Alan Gewirth.Edward Regis (ed.) - 1984 - Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
    Alan Gewirth's Reason and Morality directed philosophical attention to the possibility of presenting a rational and rigorous demonstration of fundamental moral principles. Now, these previously unpublished essays from some of the most distinguished philosophers of our generation subject Gewirth's program to thorough evaluation and assessment. In a tour de force of philosophical analysis, Professor Gewirth provides detailed replies to all of his critics--a major, genuinely clarifying essay of intrinsic philosophical interest.
  50. Desire and death in the constitution of I-ness.B. B. Barratt - 2004 - In Joseph Reppen, Jane Tucker & Martin A. Schulman (eds.), Way Beyond Freud: Postmodern Psychoanalysis Observed. Open Gate Press. pp. 264--279.
     
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