Results for 'Edward Daniel Lathy'

984 found
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  1.  11
    Academic life and labour in the new university, hope and other choices. By Ruth Barcan.Daniel Edwards - 2015 - British Journal of Educational Studies 63 (2):251-252.
  2. Epitome Doctrinæmoralis Ex Decem Libris Ethicorum Aristotelis Ad Nicomachum.Theophilus Golius, Roger Aristotle, Edward Nicomachus, Daniel & Story - 1662 - Ex Officina Rogeri Danielis, Pro Edvardo Story Bibliopola Cantabrigiensi.
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  3. On the adequacy of prototype theory as a theory of concepts.Daniel N. Osherson & Edward E. Smith - 1981 - Cognition 9 (1):35-58.
  4.  82
    Computer Science and Metaphysics: A Cross-Fertilization.Edward N. Zalta, Christoph Benzmüller & Daniel Kirchner - 2019 - Open Philosophy 2 (1):230-251.
    Computational philosophy is the use of mechanized computational techniques to unearth philosophical insights that are either difficult or impossible to find using traditional philosophical methods. Computational metaphysics is computational philosophy with a focus on metaphysics. In this paper, we (a) develop results in modal metaphysics whose discovery was computer assisted, and (b) conclude that these results work not only to the obvious benefit of philosophy but also, less obviously, to the benefit of computer science, since the new computational techniques that (...)
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  5.  36
    Pigeons acquire multiple categories in parallel via associative learning: A parallel to human word learning?Edward A. Wasserman, Daniel I. Brooks & Bob McMurray - 2015 - Cognition 136 (C):99-122.
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  6.  50
    Category-based induction.Daniel N. Osherson, Edward E. Smith, Ormond Wilkie & Alejandro López - 1990 - Psychological Review 97 (2):185-200.
  7. Well-Being: The Foundations of Hedonic Psychology.Daniel Kahneman, Edward Diener & Norbert Schwarz (eds.) - 1999 - Russell Sage Foundation.
    The nature of well-being is one of the most enduring and elusive subjects of human inquiry. Well-Being draws upon the latest scientific research to transform our understanding of this ancient question. With contributions from leading authorities in psychology, social psychology, and neuroscience, this volume presents the definitive account of current scientific efforts to understand human pleasure and pain, contentment and despair. The distinguished contributors to this volume combine a rigorous analysis of human sensations, emotions, and moods with a broad assessment (...)
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  8.  59
    Gradedness and conceptual combination.Daniel N. Osherson & Edward E. Smith - 1982 - Cognition 12 (3):299-318.
  9.  16
    The Hopkins-Oxford Psychedelics Ethics (HOPE) Working Group Consensus Statement.Edward Jacobs, Brian D. Earp, Paul S. Appelbaum, Lori Bruce, Ksenia Cassidy, Yuria Celidwen, Katherine Cheung, Sean K. Clancy, Neşe Devenot, Jules Evans, Holly Fernandez Lynch, Phoebe Friesen, Albert Garcia Romeu, Neil Gehani, Molly Maloof, Olivia Marcus, Ole Martin Moen, Mayli Mertens, Sandeep M. Nayak, Tehseen Noorani, Kyle Patch, Sebastian Porsdam-Mann, Gokul Raj, Khaleel Rajwani, Keisha Ray, William Smith, Daniel Villiger, Neil Levy, Roger Crisp, Julian Savulescu, Ilina Singh & David B. Yaden - forthcoming - American Journal of Bioethics:1-7.
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  10.  16
    Reading relative clauses in English.Edward Gibson, Timothy Desmet, Daniel Grodner, Duane Watson & Kara Ko - 2005 - Cognitive Linguistics 16 (2):313-353.
    Two self-paced reading experiments investigated several factors that influence the comprehension complexity of singly-embedded relative clauses (RCs) in English. Three factors were manipulated in Experiment 1, resulting in three main effects. First, object-extracted RCs were read more slowly than subject-extracted RCs, replicating previous work. Second, RCs that were embedded within the sentential complement of a noun were read more slowly than comparable RCs that were not embedded in this way. Third, and most interestingly, object-modifying RCs were read more slowly than (...)
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  11.  25
    Consequences of the Serial Nature of Linguistic Input for Sentenial Complexity.Daniel Grodner & Edward Gibson - 2005 - Cognitive Science 29 (2):261-290.
    All other things being equal the parser favors attaching an ambiguous modifier to the most recent possible site. A plausible explanation is that locality preferences such as this arise in the service of minimizing memory costs—more distant sentential material is more difficult to reactivate than more recent material. Note that processing any sentence requires linking each new lexical item with material in the current parse. This often involves the construction of long‐distance dependencies. Under a resource‐limited view of language processing, lengthy (...)
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  12.  60
    Some origins of belief.Daniel N. Osherson, Edward E. Smith & Eldar B. Shafir - 1986 - Cognition 24 (3):197-224.
  13.  74
    Combining Prototypes: A Selective Modification Model.Edward E. Smith, Daniel N. Osherson, Lance J. Rips & Margaret Keane - 1988 - Cognitive Science 12 (4):485-527.
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  14.  59
    Justifying an Intentional Species Extinction: The Case of Anopheles gambiae.Daniel Edward Callies & Yasha Rohwer - 2022 - Environmental Values 31 (2):193-210.
    Each year, over 200 million people are infected with the malaria parasite, nearly half a million of whom succumb to the disease. Emerging genetic technologies could, in theory, eliminate the burden of malaria throughout the world by intentionally eradicating the mosquitoes that transmit the disease. In this paper, we offer an ethical examination of the intentional eradication of Anopheles gambiae, the main malaria vector of sub-Saharan Africa. In our evaluation, we focus on two main considerations: the benefit of alleviating the (...)
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  15.  40
    From Chance to Choice: Genetics and Justice.Edward Stein, Allen Buchanan, Dan W. Brock, Norman Daniels & Daniel Wikler - 2002 - Philosophical Review 111 (1):130.
    In the months preceding the writing of this review, bioethics has been in the news a great deal. In congressional and public policy debates surrounding stem cell research, human cloning, and the Human Genome Project, bioethics and bioethicists have gained national attention and been subject to public scrutiny. Commentators have asked who these self-appointed moral experts are to tell us what is right and wrong.
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  16.  63
    Default Probability.Daniel N. Osherson, Joshua Stern, Ormond Wilkie, Michael Stob & Edward E. Smith - 1991 - Cognitive Science 15 (2):251-269.
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  17.  58
    On typicality and vagueness.Daniel Osherson & Edward E. Smith - 1997 - Cognition 64 (2):189-206.
  18.  38
    Impartial Institutions, Pathogen Stress and the Expanding Social Network.Daniel Hruschka, Charles Efferson, Ting Jiang, Ashlan Falletta-Cowden, Sveinn Sigurdsson, Rita McNamara, Madeline Sands, Shirajum Munira, Edward Slingerland & Joseph Henrich - 2014 - Human Nature 25 (4):567-579.
    Anthropologists have documented substantial cross-society variation in people’s willingness to treat strangers with impartial, universal norms versus favoring members of their local community. Researchers have proposed several adaptive accounts for these differences. One variant of the pathogen stress hypothesis predicts that people will be more likely to favor local in-group members when they are under greater infectious disease threat. The material security hypothesis instead proposes that institutions that permit people to meet their basic needs through impartial interactions with strangers reinforce (...)
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  19.  34
    Mechanizing principia logico-metaphysica in functional type theory.Daniel Kirchner, Christoph Benzmüller & Edward N. Zalta - 2019 - Review of Symbolic Logic:1-13.
    Principia Logico-Metaphysica contains a foundational logical theory for metaphysics, mathematics, and the sciences. It includes a canonical development of Abstract Object Theory [AOT], a metaphysical theory that distinguishes between ordinary and abstract objects. This article reports on recent work in which AOT has been successfully represented and partly automated in the proof assistant system Isabelle/HOL. Initial experiments within this framework reveal a crucial but overlooked fact: a deeply-rooted and known paradox is reintroduced in AOT when the logic of complex terms (...)
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  20.  65
    Matching bias in syllogistic reasoning: Evidence for a dual-process account from response times and confidence ratings.Edward J. N. Stupple, Linden J. Ball & Daniel Ellis - 2013 - Thinking and Reasoning 19 (1):54 - 77.
    (2013). Matching bias in syllogistic reasoning: Evidence for a dual-process account from response times and confidence ratings. Thinking & Reasoning: Vol. 19, No. 1, pp. 54-77. doi: 10.1080/13546783.2012.735622.
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  21. Mechanizing principia logico-metaphysica in functional type-theory.Daniel Kirchner, Christoph Benzmüller & Edward N. Zalta - 2018 - Review of Symbolic Logic 13 (1):206-218.
    Principia Logico-Metaphysica contains a foundational logical theory for metaphysics, mathematics, and the sciences. It includes a canonical development of Abstract Object Theory [AOT], a metaphysical theory that distinguishes between ordinary and abstract objects.This article reports on recent work in which AOT has been successfully represented and partly automated in the proof assistant system Isabelle/HOL. Initial experiments within this framework reveal a crucial but overlooked fact: a deeply-rooted and known paradox is reintroduced in AOT when the logic of complex terms is (...)
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  22.  66
    Conceptual Combination with Prototype Concepts.Edward E. Smith & Daniel N. Osherson - 1984 - Cognitive Science 8 (4):337-361.
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  23. What is a part.Daniel W. McShea & Edward P. Venit - 2001 - In G. P. Wagner (ed.), The Character Concept in Evolutionary Biology. Academic Press. pp. 259--284.
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  24.  17
    Climate Engineering: A Normative Perspective.Daniel Edward Callies - 2019 - Lexington Books.
    Should we research, develop, and deploy climate engineering technology? Drawing upon contemporary moral and political theory, this book offers a normative perspective on such questions, ultimately making the case in favor of research and regulation guided by norms of legitimacy, distributive justice, and procedural justice.
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  25. Extrapolating human probability judgment.Daniel Osherson, Edward E. Smith, Tracy S. Myers, Eldar Shafir & Michael Stob - 1994 - Theory and Decision 36 (2):103-129.
    We advance a model of human probability judgment and apply it to the design of an extrapolation algorithm. Such an algorithm examines a person's judgment about the likelihood of various statements and is then able to predict the same person's judgments about new statements. The algorithm is tested against judgments produced by thirty undergraduates asked to assign probabilities to statements about mammals.
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  26.  65
    The Slippery Slope Argument against Geoengineering Research.Daniel Edward Callies - 2018 - Journal of Applied Philosophy 36 (4):675-687.
    With the lack of progress there has been so far on climate change, some have begun researching the potential of geoengineering to allay future climatic harms. However, others contend that such research should be abandoned. One of the most‐cited reasons as to why research into geoengineering should be abandoned is the idea that such research sits at the top of slippery slope. The Slippery Slope Argument warns that even mere research into geoengineering will create institutional momentum, ultimately leading to the (...)
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  27.  63
    The ethical landscape of gene drive research.Daniel Edward Callies - 2019 - Bioethics 33 (9):1091-1097.
    Gene drive technology has immense potential. The ability to bypass the laws of Mendelian inheritance and almost ensure the transmission of specific genetic material to future generations creates boundless possibilities. But alongside these boundless possibilities are major social and ethical issues. This article aims to introduce gene drive technology, some of its potential applications, and some of the social and ethical issues that arise during research into the technology. For example, is investigation into gene drives hubristic? Would applications of gene (...)
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  28.  67
    Institutional Legitimacy and Geoengineering Governance.Daniel Edward Callies - 2018 - Ethics, Policy and Environment 21 (3):324-340.
    ABSTRACT: There is general agreement amongst those involved in the normative discussion about geoengineering that if we are to move forward with significant research, development, and certainly any future deployment, legitimate governance is a must. However, while we agree that the abstract concept of legitimacy ought to guide geoengineering governance, agreement surrounding the appropriate conception of legitimacy has yet to emerge. Relying upon Allen Buchanan’s metacoordination view of institutional legitimacy, this paper puts forward a conception of legitimacy appropriate for geoengineering (...)
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  29.  67
    A Source of Bayesian Priors.Daniel Osherson, Edward E. Smith, Eldar Shafir, Antoine Gualtierotti & Kevin Biolsi - 1995 - Cognitive Science 19 (3):377-405.
    Establishing reasonable, prior distributions remains a significant obstacle for the construction of probabilistic expert systems. Human assessment of chance is often relied upon for this purpose, but this has the drawback of being inconsistent with axioms of probability. This article advances a method for extracting a coherent distribution of probability from human judgment. The method is based on a psychological model of probabilistic reasoning, followed by a correction phase using linear programming.
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  30.  56
    Extracting the coherent core of human probability judgement: a research program for cognitive psychology.Daniel Osherson, Eldar Shafir & Edward E. Smith - 1994 - Cognition 50 (1-3):299-313.
  31.  26
    Zhu Xi's Reading of the Analects: Canon, Commentary, and the Classical Tradition.Edward Slingerland & Daniel K. Gardner - 2003 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 123 (3):677.
  32.  26
    The influence of contextual contrast on syntactic processing: evidence for strong-interaction in sentence comprehension.Daniel Grodner, Edward Gibson & Duane Watson - 2005 - Cognition 95 (3):275-296.
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  33.  85
    An Invitation to Cognitive Science: Visual cognition. 2.Daniel N. Osherson & Edward E. Smith (eds.) - 1990 - MIT Press.
    The volumes are self contained and can be used individually in upper-level undergraduate and graduate courses ranging from introductory psychology, linguistics, ...
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  34.  2
    The human element in literature.Daniel Edward Phillips - 1940 - Port Washington, N.Y.,: Kennikat Press.
  35. A rationale for and the development of a problem solving model of instruction in science education.Edward L. Pizzini, Daniel P. Shepardson & Sandra K. Abell - 1989 - Science Education 73 (5):523-534.
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  36.  12
    Case Studies in Bioethics: Food Incentives for Sterilization: Can They Be Just?Edward Pohlman & Daniel Callahan - 1973 - Hastings Center Report 3 (1):10.
  37. Fifty years of Darwinism.Edward Bagnall Poulton, John Merle Coulter, David Starr Jordan, Edmund B. Wilson, Daniel Trembly MacDougal, William E. Castle, Charles Benedict Davenport, Carl H. Eigenmann, Henry Fairfield Osborn & G. Stanley Hall (eds.) - 1909 - New York,: H. Holt and company.
     
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  38.  6
    Information capture and reuse strategies in Monte Carlo Tree Search, with applications to games of hidden information.Edward J. Powley, Peter I. Cowling & Daniel Whitehouse - 2014 - Artificial Intelligence 217 (C):92-116.
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  39.  10
    Cultural Value and Evolving Technologies: Instances From Music and Visual Art.Daniel Asia & Robert Edward Gordon - 2021 - Social Philosophy and Policy 38 (2):210-231.
    Scientific advancement is inextricably linked to cultural advancement, and historically the arts have worked hand in hand with technological change. This essay explores some of the connections that exist between science, technology, and the arts, privileging instances where technological change resulted in new forms of artistic creation. Although the role of the arts in contemporary society has ebbed in comparison to that of technology and science, the essay argues that quality, meaningfulness, and longevity are key components in how the arts (...)
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  40.  28
    Homeschool background, time use and academic performance at a private religious college.Daniel L. Bennett, Elyssa Edwards & Courtney Ngai - 2018 - Educational Studies 45 (3):305-325.
    We study the effects of homeschool background and time use on academic performance among students at Patrick Henry College, a private religious institution with a 63-credit core classical liberal arts curriculum. Using ordinary least squares regression analysis, we examine four research questions: Does time use influence academic performance? Do homeschooled students perform differently than traditionally schooled students? Does parental education moderate the impact of homeschooling on academic performance? Does homeschooling moderate the impact of ACT scores on academic performance?
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  41. Questioning levels of junior high school science textbooks and their implications for learning textual information.Daniel P. Shepardson & Edward L. Pizzini - 1991 - Science Education 75 (6):673-682.
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  42.  21
    The Ethics of Geoengineering.Daniel Edward Callies - 2023 - In Pellegrino Gianfranco & Marcello Di Paola (eds.), Handbook of Philosophy of Climate Change. Springer Nature. pp. 919-937.
    Defined as the “deliberate, large-scale manipulation of the planetary environment in order to counteract anthropogenic climate change,” geoengineering is an umbrella term that captures a variety of different technologies. This chapter will offer a concise overview of geoengineering as a response to anthropogenic climate change, with a primary focus on the ethical aspects this grouping of technologies engenders. We will start by exploring why it is that we are even considering these technologies rather than just doubling down on mitigation and (...)
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  43.  18
    Kant, Fichte, and the Legacy of Transcendental Idealism.Daniel Breazeale, Benjamin D. Crowe, Jeffrey Edwards, Yukio Irie, Tom Rockmore, Christian Tewes, Michael Vater & Günter Zöller - 2014 - Lanham: Lexington Books.
    Kant, Fichte, and the Legacy of Transcendental Idealism contains ten new essays by leading and rising scholars from the United States, Europe, and Asia who explore the historical development and conceptual contours of Kantian and post-Kantian philosophy.
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  44. William Torrey Harris, 1835- - 1935.Edward Leroy Schaub, Daniel Sommer Robinson & Kurt F. Leidecker (eds.) - 1936 - London,: The Open court publishing company.
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  45.  33
    A perfect storm: examining the synergistic effects of negative and positive emotional instability on promoting weight loss activities in anorexia nervosa.Edward A. Selby, Talea Cornelius, Kara B. Fehling, Amy Kranzler, Emily A. Panza, Jason M. Lavender, Stephen A. Wonderlich, Ross D. Crosby, Scott G. Engel, James E. Mitchell, Scott J. Crow, Carol B. Peterson & Daniel Le Grange - 2015 - Frontiers in Psychology 6.
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  46.  42
    Ethical and legal issues in e-mail therapy.Daniel Edward Shapiro & Charles Eric Schulman - 1996 - Ethics and Behavior 6 (2):107 – 124.
    Psychologists and psychiatrists recently started using electronic mail (e-mail) to conduct therapy. This article explores relevant ethical and legal issues including, among others, the nature of the professional relationship, boundaries of competence, informed consent, treating minors, confidentiality, and the duty to warn and protect. To illustrate these complex issues, two services currently operating are discussed. To address potential hazards to clients and the profession, a new ethical standard for e-mail therapists is offered.
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  47. Gender bias in female elementary teachers' perceptions of the scientific ability of students.Daniel P. Shepardson & Edward L. Pizzini - 1992 - Science Education 76 (2):147-153.
     
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  48.  33
    Brain Drain, Contracts, and Moral Obligation.Daniel Edward Callies - 2016 - Moral Philosophy and Politics 3 (1).
    In this paper I first argue that when answering the question of whether or not governments may restrict emigration, Brock and Blake are staking out positions not astronomically far from one another. Despite the ostensibly large philosophical gap between the two, both think that certain governments may restrict emigration when such restriction is agreed to in a morally binding contract. Secondly, both authors think that there are specific “circumstances” or “conditions” under which a contract that restricts emigration can be morally (...)
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  49.  27
    Ugaritic Grammar [Hebrew].Edward L. Greenstein & Daniel Sivan - 1997 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 117 (3):618.
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  50.  14
    Undisclosed Placebo Trials in Clinical Practice: Undercover Beneficence or Unwarranted Deception?Daniel Edward Callies - 2023 - Narrative Inquiry in Bioethics 13 (1):51-58.
    Abstract:A placebo is an intervention that is believed to lack specific pharmacological or physiological efficacy for a patient's condition. While placebo-controlled trials are considered the gold standard when it comes to researching and testing new pharmacological treatments, the use of placebos in clinical practice is more controversial. The focus of this case study is an undisclosed placebo trial used as an attempt to diagnose a patient's complex and unusual symptomology. In this case, the placebo was used not just as a (...)
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