Results for 'Edward E. Smith'

1000+ found
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  1. Categories and Concepts.Edward E. Smith & L. Douglas - 1981 - Harvard University Press.
  2.  34
    Structure and process in semantic memory: A featural model for semantic decisions.Edward E. Smith, Edward J. Shoben & Lance J. Rips - 1974 - Psychological Review 81 (3):214-241.
  3. On the adequacy of prototype theory as a theory of concepts.Daniel N. Osherson & Edward E. Smith - 1981 - Cognition 9 (1):35-58.
  4.  42
    Category-based induction.Daniel N. Osherson, Edward E. Smith, Ormond Wilkie & Alejandro López - 1990 - Psychological Review 97 (2):185-200.
  5.  21
    The Case for Rules in Reasoning.Edward E. Smith, Christopher Langston & Richard E. Nisbett - 1992 - Cognitive Science 16 (1):1-40.
    A number of theoretical positions in psychology—including variants of case‐based reasoning, instance‐based analogy, and connectionist models—maintain that abstract rules are not involved in human reasoning, or at best play a minor role. Other views hold that the use of abstract rules is a core aspect of human reasoning. We propose eight criteria for determining whether or not people use abstract rules in reasoning, and examine evidence relevant to each criterion for several rule systems. We argue that there is substantial evidence (...)
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  6.  67
    Combining Prototypes: A Selective Modification Model.Edward E. Smith, Daniel N. Osherson, Lance J. Rips & Margaret Keane - 1988 - Cognitive Science 12 (4):485-527.
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  7.  24
    Alternative strategies of categorization.Edward E. Smith, Andrea L. Patalano & John Jonides - 1998 - Cognition 65 (2-3):167-196.
  8.  39
    Representations and retrieval processes in short-term memory: Recognition and recall of faces.Edward E. Smith & Gerald D. Nielsen - 1970 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 85 (3):397.
  9.  58
    Conceptual Combination with Prototype Concepts.Edward E. Smith & Daniel N. Osherson - 1984 - Cognitive Science 8 (4):337-361.
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  10.  47
    Cultural preferences for formal versus intuitive reasoning.Ara Norenzayan, Edward E. Smith, Beom Jun Kim & Richard E. Nisbett - 2002 - Cognitive Science 26 (5):653-684.
    The authors examined cultural preferences for formal versus intuitive reasoning among East Asian (Chinese and Korean), Asian American, and European American university students. We investigated categorization (Studies 1 and 2), conceptual structure (Study 3), and deductive reasoning (Studies 3 and 4). In each study a cognitive conflict was activated between formal and intuitive strategies of reasoning. European Americans, more than Chinese and Koreans, set aside intuition in favor of formal reasoning. Conversely, Chinese and Koreans relied on intuitive strategies more than (...)
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  11.  45
    Gradedness and conceptual combination.Daniel N. Osherson & Edward E. Smith - 1982 - Cognition 12 (3):299-318.
  12.  29
    Concepts and categorization.Edward E. Smith - 1995 - In E. E. Smith & D. N. Osherson (eds.), Invitation to Cognitive Science. MIT Press. pp. 2--1.
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  13.  47
    Some origins of belief.Daniel N. Osherson, Edward E. Smith & Eldar B. Shafir - 1986 - Cognition 24 (3):197-224.
  14.  53
    On typicality and vagueness.Daniel Osherson & Edward E. Smith - 1997 - Cognition 64 (2):189-206.
  15.  10
    Cognitive psychology.Edward E. Smith - 1985 - Artificial Intelligence 25 (3):247-253.
  16.  64
    The exemplar view.Edward E. Smith & Douglas L. Medin - 2002 - In Daniel Levitin (ed.), Foundations of Cognitive Psychology: Core Readings. MIT Press. pp. 277--292.
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  17.  24
    Culture, category salience, and inductive reasoning.Incheol Choi, Richard E. Nisbett & Edward E. Smith - 1997 - Cognition 65 (1):15-32.
  18.  48
    The architecture of working memory.John Jonides & Edward E. Smith - 1997 - In M. D. Rugg (ed.), Cognitive Neuroscience. MIT Press. pp. 243--276.
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  19.  94
    Three distinctions about concepts and categorization.Edward E. Smith - 1989 - Mind and Language 4 (1-2):57-61.
  20.  28
    Why words are perceived more accurately than nonwords: Inference versus unitization.Edward E. Smith & Susan E. Haviland - 1972 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 92 (1):59.
  21. Extrapolating human probability judgment.Daniel Osherson, Edward E. Smith, Tracy S. Myers, Eldar Shafir & Michael Stob - 1994 - Theory and Decision 36 (2):103-129.
    We advance a model of human probability judgment and apply it to the design of an extrapolation algorithm. Such an algorithm examines a person's judgment about the likelihood of various statements and is then able to predict the same person's judgments about new statements. The algorithm is tested against judgments produced by thirty undergraduates asked to assign probabilities to statements about mammals.
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  22.  12
    Stimulus expectancy and retrievel from short-term memory.Roberta L. Klatzky & Edward E. Smith - 1972 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 94 (1):101.
  23.  11
    Set-theoretic and network models reconsidered: A comment on Hollan's "Features and semantic memory.".Lance J. Rips, Edward E. Smith & Edward J. Shoben - 1975 - Psychological Review 82 (2):156-157.
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  24.  27
    Rule and similarity as prototype concepts.Edward E. Smith - 2005 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 28 (1):34-35.
    There is a continuum between prototypical cases of rule use and prototypical cases of similarity use. A prototypical rule: (1) is explicitly represented, (2) can be verbalized, and (3) requires that the user selectively attend to a few features of the object, while ignoring the others. Prototypical similarity-use requires that: (1) the user should match the object to a mental representation holistically, and (2) there should be no selective attention or inhibition. Neural evidence supports prototypical rule-use. Most models of categorization (...)
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  25.  59
    A Source of Bayesian Priors.Daniel Osherson, Edward E. Smith, Eldar Shafir, Antoine Gualtierotti & Kevin Biolsi - 1995 - Cognitive Science 19 (3):377-405.
    Establishing reasonable, prior distributions remains a significant obstacle for the construction of probabilistic expert systems. Human assessment of chance is often relied upon for this purpose, but this has the drawback of being inconsistent with axioms of probability. This article advances a method for extracting a coherent distribution of probability from human judgment. The method is based on a psychological model of probabilistic reasoning, followed by a correction phase using linear programming.
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  26.  16
    Conceptual Representations of Perceptual Knowledge.Edward E. Smith, Nicholas Myers, Umrao Sethi, Spiro Pantazatos, Ted Yanagihara & Joy Hirsch - 2012 - Cognitive Neuropsychology 29 (3):237-248.
    Many neuroimaging studies of semantic memory have argued that knowledge of an object's perceptual properties are represented in a modality-specific manner. These studies often base their argument on finding activation in the left-hemisphere fusiform gyrus-a region assumed to be involved in perceptual processing-when the participant is verifying verbal statements about objects and properties. In this paper, we report an extension of one of these influential papers-Kan, Barsalou, Solomon, Minor, and Thompson-Schill (2003 )-and present evidence for an amodal component in the (...)
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  27.  15
    Category differences/automaticity.Edward E. Smith - 1986 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 9 (4):667-667.
  28. Comments on Johnson-Laird by.Edward E. Smith - 1994 - International Studies in the Philosophy of Science 8 (1):69-72.
  29.  6
    Effects of association value on perceptual search.Edward E. Smith & Howard Egeth - 1966 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 71 (5):687.
  30.  9
    Relating 'a model theory' to other research in induction.Edward E. Smith - 1994 - International Studies in the Philosophy of Science 8 (1):69 – 71.
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  31.  11
    Stimulus and response repetition effects in retrieval from short-term memory. Trace decay and memory search.Edward E. Smith, William G. Chase & Peter G. Smith - 1973 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 98 (2):413.
  32.  82
    An Invitation to Cognitive Science: Visual cognition. 2.Daniel N. Osherson & Edward E. Smith (eds.) - 1990 - MIT Press.
    The volumes are self contained and can be used individually in upper-level undergraduate and graduate courses ranging from introductory psychology, linguistics, ...
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  33.  14
    Acquisition and forgetting of hierarchically organized information in long-term memory.Thomas O. Nelson & Edward E. Smith - 1972 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 95 (2):388.
  34.  32
    Imaginal and verbal representations in short-term recognition of visual forms.Gerald D. Nielsen & Edward E. Smith - 1973 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 101 (2):375.
  35.  10
    Readings in Cognitive Science, a Perspective From Psychology and Artificial Intelligence.Allan Collins & Edward E. Smith (eds.) - 1988 - Morgan Kaufmann Publishers.
  36. Nonconscious semantic processing of emotional words modulates conscious access.Raphaël Gaillard, Antoine Del Cul, Lionel Naccache, Fabien Vinckier, Laurent Cohen, Stanislas Dehaene & Edward E. Smith - 2006 - Pnas Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 103 (19):7524-7529.
  37.  42
    The External and Internal Odyssey of God in the Twentieth Century: JOHN E. SMITH.John E. Smith - 1984 - Religious Studies 20 (1):43-54.
    Some decades ago in his intriguing book on Jonathan Edwards, Perry Miller used to great effect the device of supposing a two-fold biography of Edwards, an external one consisting of the historical record embracing the major events of his life and times, and an internal one aimed at an interpretation of the mind of Edwards and the development of his thought.
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  38.  54
    Default Probability.Daniel N. Osherson, Joshua Stern, Ormond Wilkie, Michael Stob & Edward E. Smith - 1991 - Cognitive Science 15 (2):251-269.
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  39.  20
    Rating the similarity of simple perceptual stimuli: asymmetries induced by manipulating exposure frequency.Thad A. Polk, Charles Behensky, Richard Gonzalez & Edward E. Smith - 2002 - Cognition 82 (3):B75-B88.
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  40.  44
    Extracting the coherent core of human probability judgement: a research program for cognitive psychology.Daniel Osherson, Eldar Shafir & Edward E. Smith - 1994 - Cognition 50 (1-3):299-313.
  41. Mechanisms of conflict resolution in prefrontal cortex.John Jonides, David Badre, Clayton Curtis, Sharon L. Thompson-Schill & Edward E. Smith - 2002 - In Donald T. Stuss & Robert T. Knight (eds.), Principles of Frontal Lobe Function. Oxford University Press.
  42. Numbers l-2.Philip N. Johnson-Laird, Eldar Shafir, Itamar Simonson, Amos Tversky, P. Legrenzi, V. Girotto, Pn Johnson-Laird, Edward E. Smith, Daniel Osherson & Nancy Pennington - 1993 - Cognition 49 (297):297.
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  43.  21
    Selective interference between imagery and perception: Is it modality specific or relation specific?Dennis Schorr, Gerald Balzano & Edward E. Smith - 1978 - Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 12 (6):419-422.
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  44.  25
    Jonathan Edwards's Philosophy of History: The Reenchantment of the World in the Age of Enlightenment (review).John E. Smith - 2004 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 42 (3):343-343.
    In lieu of an abstract, here is a brief excerpt of the content:Reviewed by:Jonathan Edwards's Philosophy of History: The Reenchantment of the World in the Age of EnlightenmentJohn E. SmithAvihu Zakai. Jonathan Edwards's Philosophy of History: The Reenchantment of the World in the Age of Enlightenment. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2003. Pp. xvii + 348. Cloth, $49.95.Edwards's History of Redemption is the focus of this study by Avihu Zakai—Professor of History at the Hebrew University in Jerusalem. The History is a (...)
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  45.  27
    Multiply-constrained semantic search in the Remote Associates Test.Kevin A. Smith, David E. Huber & Edward Vul - 2013 - Cognition 128 (1):64-75.
  46.  16
    Shallow input processing does not induce environmental context-dependent recognition.Steven M. Smith, Edward Vela & John E. Williamson - 1988 - Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 26 (6):537-540.
  47. From Puzzles to Principles?: Essays on Aristotle's Dialectic.Allan Bäck, Robert Bolton, J. D. G. Evans, Michael Ferejohn, Eugene Garver, Lenn E. Goodman, Edward Halper, Martha Husain, Gareth Matthews & Robin Smith - 1999 - Lexington Books.
    Scholars of classical philosophy have long disputed whether Aristotle was a dialectical thinker. Most agree that Aristotle contrasts dialectical reasoning with demonstrative reasoning, where the former reasons from generally accepted opinions and the latter reasons from the true and primary. Starting with a grasp on truth, demonstration never relinquishes it. Starting with opinion, how could dialectical reasoning ever reach truth, much less the truth about first principles? Is dialectic then an exercise that reiterates the prejudices of one's times and at (...)
     
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  48.  35
    Book Reviews Section 2.Robert F. Bieler, Paul B. Pederson, Robert L. Church, N. Ray Hiner, Edward J. Power, Michael J. Parsons, Stewart E. Fraser, June T. Fox, Monroe C. Beardsley, Richard Gambino, Richard D. Mosier, David Lawson, Frederick C. Gruber, David L. Kirp, Russell L. Curtis, Jerry Miner, Geneva Gay, Phillip C. Smith & Emma M. Capelluzzo - 1972 - Educational Studies 3 (2):99-112.
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  49.  27
    On the Adequacy of Prototype Theory as a Theory of Concepts Daniel N. Osherson and Edward E. Smith.Daniel N. Osherson - 1999 - In Eric Margolis & Stephen Laurence (eds.), Concepts: Core Readings. MIT Press. pp. 261.
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  50.  11
    Combining Prototypes: A Selective Modification Model Edward E. Smith, Daniel N. Osherson, Lance J. Rips, and.Margaret Keane - 1999 - In Eric Margolis & Stephen Laurence (eds.), Concepts: Core Readings. MIT Press. pp. 355.
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