Results for 'Edward J. McCaffery'

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  1.  40
    The Political Liberal Case Against the Estate Tax.Edward J. Mccaffery - 1994 - Philosophy and Public Affairs 23 (4):281-312.
  2.  15
    The Uneasy Case for Capital Taxation.Edward J. McCaffery - 2006 - Social Philosophy and Policy 23 (2):166-184.
    The traditional view of tax holds that consumption taxes fail tax the yield to capital, whereas income taxes do, leading to John Stuart Mill's criticism of the income tax as a "double tax" on wealth that is saved. A better analytic understanding illustrates that there are two types of consumption taxes. A prepaid consumption or (equivalently) wage tax indeed ignores the yield to capital. But a consistent progressive postpaid consumption tax gets at such yield, at the individual level, when but (...)
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  3.  26
    Aspects of Scientific Explanation and Other Essays in the Philosophy of Science.Edward J. Nell - 1968 - History and Theory 7 (2):224.
  4.  19
    On the Interaction of Theory and Data in Concept Learning.Edward J. Wisniewski & Douglas L. Medin - 1994 - Cognitive Science 18 (2):221-281.
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  5.  93
    Virtue is Good Business: Confucianism as a Practical Business Ethics. [REVIEW]Edward J. Romar - 2002 - Journal of Business Ethics 38 (1-2):119 - 131.
    This paper argues Confucianism is a compelling managerial ethic for several reasons: 1) Confucianism is compatible with accepted managerial practices. 2) It requires individuals and organizations to make a positive contribution to society. 3) Recognizes hierarchy as an important organizational principle and demands managerial moral leadership. 4) The Confucian "golden Rule" and virtues provide a moral basis for the hierarchical and cooperative relationships critical to organizational success. The paper applies Confucianism to the H. B. Fuller in Honduras: Street Children and (...)
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  6.  39
    Matching Bias in Syllogistic Reasoning: Evidence for a Dual-Process Account From Response Times and Confidence Ratings.Edward J. N. Stupple, Linden J. Ball & Daniel Ellis - 2013 - Thinking and Reasoning 19 (1):54 - 77.
    (2013). Matching bias in syllogistic reasoning: Evidence for a dual-process account from response times and confidence ratings. Thinking & Reasoning: Vol. 19, No. 1, pp. 54-77. doi: 10.1080/13546783.2012.735622.
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  7.  13
    Ordered Recall of Sounds and Words in Short-Term Memory.Edward J. Rowe - 1974 - Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 4 (6):559-561.
  8. Hypatia: The Life and Legend of an Ancient Philosopher.Edward J. Watts - 2017 - Oxford University Press USA.
    Sixteen centuries ago the Neoplatonist philosopher Hypatia was murdered by a mob of Christians. Ever since, she has been remembered in poems, plays, paintings, and films as a victim of religious intolerance whose death symbolized the end of the classical world. But before she was a symbol Hypatia was a person. As one of antiquity's best-known female scholars, Hypatia's immense skills as a philosopher and mathematician redefined the intellectual life of her home city of Alexandria. Her talent as a teacher (...)
     
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  9.  97
    A Glance Into How the Cold War and Governmental Loyalty Investigations Came to Affect a Leading U.S. Radiation Geneticist: Lewis J. Stadler’s Nightmare. [REVIEW]Edward J. Calabrese - 2017 - Philosophy, Ethics, and Humanities in Medicine 12:8.
    This paper describes an episode in the life of the prominent plant radiation geneticist, Lewis J. Stadler during which he became a target of the Federal Bureau of Investigation concerning loyalty to the United States due to possible associations with the communist party. The research is based on considerable private correspondence of Dr. Stadler, the FBI interrogatory questions and Dr. Stadler’s answers and letters of support for Dr. Stadler by leading scientists such as, Hermann J. Muller.
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  10. Deontic Logic and the Logic of Imperatives.Edward J. Lemmon - 1965 - Logique Et Analyse 8 (29):39-61.
     
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  11.  14
    Expert Testimony by Ethicists: What Should Be the Norm?Edward J. Imwinkelried - 2005 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 33 (2):198-221.
    The term, “bioethics” was coined in 1970 by American cancerologist V. R. Potter. In the few decades since, the field of bioethics has emerged as an important discipline. The field has attained a remarkable degree of public recognition in a relatively short period of time. The “right to die” cases such as In re Quinlan placed bioethical issues on the front pages. Although the discipline is of recent vintage, the past quarter century has witnessed a flurry of scholarly activity, creating (...)
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  12.  19
    Expert Testimony by Ethicists: What Should Be the Norm?Edward J. Imwinkelried - 2005 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 33 (2):198-221.
    The term, “bioethics” was coined in 1970 by American cancerologist V. R. Potter. In the few decades since, the field of bioethics has emerged as an important discipline. The field has attained a remarkable degree of public recognition in a relatively short period of time. The “right to die” cases such as In re Quinlan placed bioethical issues on the front pages. Although the discipline is of recent vintage, the past quarter century has witnessed a flurry of scholarly activity, creating (...)
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  13.  30
    Sickle Cell Disease and the “Difficult Patient” Conundrum.Edward J. Bergman & Nicholas J. Diamond - 2013 - American Journal of Bioethics 13 (4):3 - 10.
    (2013). Sickle Cell Disease and the “Difficult Patient” Conundrum. The American Journal of Bioethics: Vol. 13, No. 4, pp. 3-10. doi: 10.1080/15265161.2013.767954.
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  14.  19
    Special Issue: "Business Ethics in a Global Economy".Edward J. Romar - 2004 - Business Ethics Quarterly 14 (4):663-678.
    Opportunism impacts the behavior of firms in market situations where they purchase goods and services externally and create dependency relationships with other firms. Opportunism as a business issue is addressed in economics and marketing literature as an important factor in transaction cost analysis and market governance. Management and business ethics scholars, however, do not address this issue in depth, if at all.The recent bankruptcy of MCI WorldCom highlights some of the risks inherent in a world economy where customers and companies (...)
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  15.  21
    Globalization, Ethics, and Opportunism.Edward J. Romar - 2004 - Business Ethics Quarterly 14 (4):663-678.
    Opportunism impacts the behavior of firms in market situations where they purchase goods and services externally and create dependency relationships with other firms. Opportunism as a business issue is addressed in economics and marketing literature as an important factor in transaction cost analysis and market governance. Management and business ethics scholars, however, do not address this issue in depth, if at all.The recent bankruptcy of MCI WorldCom highlights some of the risks inherent in a world economy where customers and companies (...)
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  16.  16
    Globalization, Ethics, and Opportunism: A Confucian View of Business Relationships.Edward J. Romar - 2004 - Business Ethics Quarterly 14 (4):663-678.
    Opportunism impacts the behavior of firms in market situations where they purchase goods and services externally and create dependency relationships with other firms. Opportunism as a business issue is addressed in economics and marketing literature as an important factor in transaction cost analysis and market governance. Management and business ethics scholars, however, do not address this issue in depth, if at all.The recent bankruptcy of MCI WorldCom highlights some of the risks inherent in a world economy where customers and companies (...)
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  17.  45
    Snapshots of the Future: Darfur, Katrina, and Maple Sugar.Edward J. Romar - 2009 - Journal of Business Ethics 85 (S1):121-132.
    Climate change represents a significant challenge to the entire planet and its inhabitants. While few, if any, will be able to escape totally the effects of climate change, it will fall most heavily, at least initially, on the poor, regardless of where they reside. We may observe already possible scenarios. The tragic situation in Darfur may be less an ethnic conflict and more a clash between marginal farmers and herdsmen in an increasingly more arid local climate. More powerful storms on (...)
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  18.  40
    On the Noncomparability of Judgments Made by Different Ethical Theories.Edward J. Gracely - 1996 - Metaphilosophy 27 (3):327-332.
    A major focus of ethical argumentation is determining the relative merits of proposed ethical systems. Nevertheless, even the demonstration that a given ethical system was the one most likely to be correct would not establish that an agent should act in accord with that system. Consider, for example, a situation in which the ethical system most likely to be valid is modestly supportive of a certain action, whereas a less plausible system strongly condemns the same action. Should the agent perform (...)
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  19.  19
    Structure and Process in Semantic Memory: A Featural Model for Semantic Decisions.Edward E. Smith, Edward J. Shoben & Lance J. Rips - 1974 - Psychological Review 81 (3):214-241.
  20.  22
    Having Reasons: An Essay on Rationality and Sociality.Edward J. Green - 1988 - Journal of Philosophy 85 (1):28-33.
  21.  44
    Evolution: The Remarkable History of a Scientific Theory.Edward J. Larson - 2004 - Modern Library.
    “I often said before starting, that I had no doubt I should frequently repent of the whole undertaking.” So wrote Charles Darwin aboard The Beagle , bound for the Galapagos Islands and what would arguably become the greatest and most controversial discovery in scientific history. But the theory of evolution did not spring full-blown from the head of Darwin. Since the dawn of humanity, priests, philosophers, and scientists have debated the origin and development of life on earth, and with modern (...)
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  22.  18
    Muller’s Nobel Prize Research and Peer Review.Edward J. Calabrese - 2018 - Philosophy, Ethics, and Humanities in Medicine 13 (1):6.
    This historical analysis indicates that it is highly unlikely that the Nobel Prize winning research of Hermann J. Muller was peer-reviewed. The published paper of Muller lacked a research methods section, cited no references, and failed to acknowledge and discuss the work of Gager and Blakeslee that claimed to have induced gene mutation via ionizing radiation six months prior to Muller’s non-data Science paper :84-87, 1927a). Despite being well acclimated into the scientific world of peer-review, Muller choose to avoid the (...)
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  23. The Snowbird Charrette: Integrative Interdisciplinary Collaboration in Environmental Research Design.Edward J. Hackett & Diana R. Rhoten - 2009 - Minerva 47 (4):407-440.
    The integration of ideas, methods, and data from diverse disciplines has been a transformative force in science and higher education, attracting policy interventions, program innovations, financial resources, and talented people. Much energy has been invested in producing a new generation of scientists trained to work fluidly across disciplines, sectors, and research problems, yet the success of such investments has been difficult to measure. Using the Integrative Graduate Education and Research Training (IGERT) program of the U.S. National Science Foundation as a (...)
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  24.  16
    On the Equivalence of Superordinate Concepts.Edward J. Wisniewski, Mutsumi Imai & Lyman Casey - 1996 - Cognition 60 (3):269-298.
  25.  52
    Managerial Harmony: The Confucian Ethics of Peter F. Drucker. [REVIEW]Edward J. Romar - 2004 - Journal of Business Ethics 51 (2):199-210.
    “Confucianism⋯ is a universal ethic in which the rules and imperatives of behavior hold for all individuals.” (Peter F. Drucker, Forbes, 1981). Peter Drucker is credited as the founder of modern American management. In his distinguished career he has written widely and authoritatively on the subject and to a large extent his work possesses a distinctive ethical tone. This paper will argue that Confucian ethics underlie much of Drucker's writing. Both Drucker and Confucius view power as the central ethical issue (...)
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  26. Structural Social Psychology and the Micro-Macro Problem.Edward J. Lawler, Cecilia Ridgeway & Barry Markovsky - 1993 - Sociological Theory 11 (3):268-290.
    A unique multilevel perspective-structural social psychology-is explicated to help build theoretical bridges between micro and macro levels of analysis in sociology. The perspective portrays actors (human or corporate) as having minimal properties of purposiveness and responsiveness, encounters as interaction episodes between multiple actors, microstructures as local patterns of interaction emerging from and subsequently influencing encounters, and macrostructures as networks of social positions. These levels of analysis are connected via mutually contingent processes. Applying these assumptions, we illustrate the ability of the (...)
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  27.  29
    A Critique of Social Contracts for Business.Edward J. Conry - 1995 - Business Ethics Quarterly 5 (2):187-212.
    This article evaluates the social contract theorizing of Professors Thomas DonaIdson, Thomas Dunfee and Michael Keeley. This theorizing is tested with G.E. Moore’s concept of moral authority, with moral psychology, and by managerial utility. Both strengths and weaknesses are found in the theories and the author concludes that while there is great potential, much work in theory development remains.
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  28.  8
    Genetic Information, Privacy and Insolvency.Edward J. Janger - 2005 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 33 (1):79-88.
    Biobanks hold out the prospect of significant public and private benefit, as genetic information contained in tissue samples is mined for information. However, the storing of human tissue samples and genetic information for research and/or therapeutic purposes raises a number of serious privacy and autonomy concerns. These concerns are compounded when one considers the possibility that a biobank or its owner might go bankrupt. Insolvency impairs the ability of enforcement regimes, and liability-based regimes in particular, to enforce legal norms. The (...)
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  29.  6
    Genetic Information, Privacy and Insolvency.Edward J. Janger - 2005 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 33 (1):79-88.
    Biobanks hold out the prospect of significant public and private benefit, as genetic information contained in tissue samples is mined for information. However, the storing of human tissue samples and genetic information for research and/or therapeutic purposes raises a number of serious privacy and autonomy concerns. These concerns are compounded when one considers the possibility that a biobank or its owner might go bankrupt. Insolvency impairs the ability of enforcement regimes, and liability-based regimes in particular, to enforce legal norms. The (...)
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  30.  46
    Ethics, Public Policy, and Managing Advanced Technologies: The Case of Electronic Surveillance. [REVIEW]Edward J. Ottensmeyer & Mark A. Heroux - 1991 - Journal of Business Ethics 10 (7):519 - 526.
    A vigorous debate has developed surrounding electronic surveillance in the workplace. This controversial practice is one element of the more general issues of employee dignity and management control, revolving around the use of polygraph and drug testing, integrity exams, and the like. Managers, under pressure from competitors, are making greater use of technologically advanced employee monitoring methods because they are available, and hold the promise of productivity improvement. In this paper, the context of electronic surveillance is described and analyzed from (...)
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  31.  26
    Textual Appropriation in Engineering Master’s Theses: A Preliminary Study.Edward J. Eckel - 2011 - Science and Engineering Ethics 17 (3):469-483.
    In the thesis literature review, an engineering graduate student is expected to place original research in the context of previous work by other researchers. However, for some students, particularly those for whom English is a second language, the literature review may be a mixture of original writing and verbatim source text appropriated without quotations. Such problematic use of source material leaves students vulnerable to an accusation of plagiarism, which carries severe consequences. Is such textual appropriation common in engineering master’s writing? (...)
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  32.  17
    Engaged, Embedded, Enjoined: Science and Technology Studies in the National Science Foundation.Edward J. Hackett & Diana R. Rhoten - 2011 - Science and Engineering Ethics 17 (4):823-838.
    Engaged scholarship is an intellectual movement sweeping across higher education, not only in the social and behavioral sciences but also in fields of natural science and engineering. It is predicated on the idea that major advances in knowledge will transpire when scholars, while pursuing their research interests, also consider addressing the core problems confronting society. For a workable engaged agenda in science and technology studies, one that informs scholarship as well as shapes practice and policy, the traditional terms of engagement (...)
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  33.  1
    Academic Capitalism.Edward J. Hackett - 2014 - Science, Technology, and Human Values 39 (5):635-638.
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  34.  15
    Reflections on Ancestral Haplotypes: Medical Genomics, Evolution, and Human Individuality.Edward J. Steele - 2014 - Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 57 (2):179-197.
    Although I am a molecular immunologist from another area of that wide discipline, for many years I have had a deep fascination with the whole topic of ancestral haplotypes. After recently reading an interesting article in this journal, “Reflections on the History and Ethics of the Proper Attribution and Misappropriation of Merit” , I was impelled to act and submit this essay for publication. The title of Gans’s article points to some of my own motivations. Gans outlines how many important (...)
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  35.  11
    Short-Term Memory for Sounds and Words.Edward J. Rowe, Ronald P. Philipchalk & Leslie J. Cake - 1974 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 102 (6):1140.
  36.  33
    Brain Death, the Soul, and Organic Life.Edward J. Furton - 2002 - The National Catholic Bioethics Quarterly 2 (3):455-470.
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  37.  60
    Business Ethics in Theory and Practice: Diagnostic Notes A. A Prescription for Value. [REVIEW]Edward J. Welch - 1997 - Journal of Business Ethics 16 (3):309-313.
    A business ethics practitioner and a moral theologian discuss business ethics. Drawing from value-added accounting principles, and extending them to include the company's stake-holders, especially its employees, Welch explains their significance for the origin, formation, and direction of his company's new ethics program. Primeaux responds to Welch from a perspective rooted in the economic theory of profit maximization and its ethical implications. Among the similarities in their thinking is a serious consideration of the role of profit for business and business (...)
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  38.  54
    The Influence of Stated Organizational Concern Upon Ethical Decision Making.Gene R. Laczniak & Edward J. Inderrieden - 1987 - Journal of Business Ethics 6 (4):297 - 307.
    This experimental study evaluated the influence of stated organizational concern for ethical conduct upon managerial behavior. Using an in-basket to house the manipulation, a sample of 113 MBA students with some managerial experience reacted to scenarios suggesting illegal conduct and others suggesting only unethical behavior. Stated organizational concern for ethical conduct was varied from none (control group) to several other situations which included a high treatment consisting of a Code of Ethics, an endorsement letter by the CEO and specific sanctions (...)
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  39.  17
    Concepts and Categorization.Edward J. Wisniewski - 2002 - In J. Wixted & H. Pashler (eds.), Stevens' Handbook of Experimental Psychology. Wiley.
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  40.  75
    Noble Markets: The Noble/Slave Ethic in Hayek’s Free Market Capitalism. [REVIEW]Edward J. Romar - 2009 - Journal of Business Ethics 85 (1):57 - 66.
    Friedrich A. von Hayek influenced many areas of inquiry including economics, psychology and political theory. This article will offer one possible interpretation of the ethical foundation of Hayek’s political and social contributions to libertarianism and free market capitalism by analyzing several of his important non-economic publications, primarily The Road to Serfdom, The Fatal Conceit, The Constitution of Liberty and Law, Legislation and Liberty. While Hayek did not offer a particular ethical foundation for free market capitalism, he argued consistently that free (...)
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  41.  7
    First-Order Dislocation-Magnetic Fluxoid Interactions.Edward J. Kramer & Charles L. Bauer - 1967 - Philosophical Magazine 15 (138):1189-1199.
  42.  10
    The Mind and the ‘Shen‐Ming’a in Xunzi.Edward J. Machle - 1992 - Journal of Chinese Philosophy 19 (4):361-386.
    In Plan 21 of the Xunzi, the essay Dubs titles “The Removal of Prejudices”1 and Watson calls “Dispelling Obsession”2, there is a sentence one's eyes slide over rather easily until one tries to fit it into its context and that of the Xunzi generally. Dubs translates it “The mind is the ruler of the body and the master of the spirit” ; Watson shows a slight discomfort with the second clause when he gives “The mind is the ruler of the (...)
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  43.  12
    Noble Markets: The Noble/Slave Ethic in Hayek’s Free Market Capitalism.Edward J. Romar - 2009 - Journal of Business Ethics 85 (1):57-66.
    Friedrich A. von Hayek influenced many areas of inquiry including economics, psychology and political theory. This article will offer one possible interpretation of the ethical foundation of Hayek's political and social contributions to libertarianism and free market capitalism by analyzing several of his important non-economic publications, primarily The Road to Serfdom, The Fatal Conceit, The Constitution of Liberty and Law, Legislation and Liberty. While Hayek did not offer a particular ethical foundation for free market capitalism, he argued consistently that free (...)
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  44.  8
    The Theory of Achievement Motivation Revisited: The Implications of Inertial Tendencies.William Revelle & Edward J. Michaels - 1976 - Psychological Review 83 (5):394-404.
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  45.  27
    The Alien Tort Claims Act of 1789: Globalization of Business Requires Globalization of Law and Ethics.Edward J. Schoen, Joseph S. Falchek & Margaret M. Hogan - 2005 - Journal of Business Ethics 62 (1):41-56.
  46.  2
    The Genesis of American Neo-Lamarckism.Edward J. Pfeifer - 1965 - Isis 56 (2):156-167.
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  47. Playing Games with Eternity: The Devil's Offer.Edward J. Gracely - 1988 - Analysis 48 (3):113 -.
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  48.  30
    Hume Against Locke on the Causal Principle.Edward J. Khamara - 2000 - British Journal for the History of Philosophy 8 (2):339 – 343.
  49.  10
    Bernard Mandeville and the Enlightenment's Maxims of Modernity.Edward J. Hundert - 1995 - Journal of the History of Ideas 56 (4):577-593.
  50.  73
    Hume Versus Clarke on the Cosmological Argument.Edward J. Khamara - 1992 - Philosophical Quarterly 42 (166):34-55.
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