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  1.  36
    An Introduction to the Horizon Model: An Alternative to Universalist Frameworks of Mystical Development.Edward James Dale - 2009 - Sophia 48 (3):281-298.
    Critics have pointed out that the content and sequence of mystical development reported by different traditions do not seem very congruous with the contention that there is a universal path of mystical development. I propose a model of mystical development that is more subtle than traditional ‘invariant hierarchical’ models, and which explains how the apparently differing accounts of mystical development between traditions and thinkers can be reconciled with each other in a more convincing fashion, and brought together under one umbrella. (...)
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  2.  26
    The Horizon Model Continued: Incorporating the Somatic Mysticism of Pre-History, and Some Further Theoretical Issues.Edward James Dale - 2010 - Sophia 49 (3):393-406.
    The paper continues the model I began in a previous issue of Sophia . It is argued that the predominance of purely ascending or ‘top down’ forms of spirituality which stemmed largely from the axial period and have been carried forward into modern, transpersonal theories of evolutionary spirituality is a mistake and that there exists a lost or largely ignored form of spirituality—which I name somatic—which was the predominant domain of early Neolithic and Palaeolithic experience. Aspects of what I call (...)
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  3.  16
    Variability in the Emergence Point of Transpersonal Experience in the Life Cycle.Edward James Dale - 2014 - Anthropology of Consciousness 25 (2):143-164.
    It is shown in this article that many positions that are usually considered incompatible or antagonistic can be synthesized into a unified framework, creating a model of transpersonal development based around plurality and complexity. The model focuses on evolutionary developmental biology as well as around psychological theories. A large degree of variability in the nature of transpersonal experience in the life cycle is to be expected, due to differences in both the “timing of onset” of transpersonal characteristics and the “length (...)
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  4.  19
    A Scientific Theory of the Development of Meditation in Practicing Individuals: Patañjali's Yoga, Developmental Psychology, and Neurobiology.Edward James Dale - 2014 - Sophia 53 (3):349-361.
    This article considers the psychology of meditation and other introverted forms of mystical development from a neo-Piagetian perspective, which has commonalities with biogenetic structuralist and neurotheological approaches. Evidence is found that lines of meditative development unfold through Patañjali’s stages at different rates in an echo of the unfolding of lines of cognitive development through Piaget’s stages at different rates. Similar factors predicting the degree of independence of development apply to both conventional cognitive and meditative contents. As the same brain and (...)
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