Results for 'Edwina M. Light'

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  1.  41
    Reconceptualizing Involuntary Outpatient Psychiatric Treatment: From "Capacity" to "Capability".Edwina M. Light, Michael D. Robertson, Ian H. Kerridge, Philip Boyce, Terry Carney, Alan Rosen, Michelle Cleary, Glenn E. Hunt & Nick O'Connor - 2016 - Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 23 (1):33-45.
    Justifying involuntary psychiatric treatment on the basis of a judgment that a person lacks capacity is usually expressed in terms of a person’s ability to make a decision about his or her health and treatment. Typically, this relates to the ability to refuse treatment. Exactly what “capacity” means, however, and how one determines when another individual lacks capacity, or lacks sufficient capacity, in this context is particularly controversial, with the United Nations Committee on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities insisting (...)
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  2.  26
    BankXX: Supporting Legal Arguments Through Heuristic Retrieval. [REVIEW]Edwina L. Rissland, David B. Skalak & M. Timur Friedman - 1996 - Artificial Intelligence and Law 4 (1):1-71.
    The BankXX system models the process of perusing and gathering information for argument as a heuristic best-first search for relevant cases, theories, and other domain-specific information. As BankXX searches its heterogeneous and highly interconnected network of domain knowledge, information is incrementally analyzed and amalgamated into a dozen desirable ingredients for argument (called argument pieces), such as citations to cases, applications of legal theories, and references to prototypical factual scenarios. At the conclusion of the search, BankXX outputs the set of argument (...)
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  3.  71
    Evaluating a Legal Argument Program: The BankXX Experiments. [REVIEW]Edwina L. Rissland, David B. Skalak & M. Timur Friedman - 1997 - Artificial Intelligence and Law 5 (1-2):1-74.
    In this article we evaluate the BankXX program from several perspectives. BankXX is a case-based legal argument program that retrieves cases and other legal knowledge pertinent to a legal argument through a combination of heuristic search and knowledge-based indexing. The program is described in detail in a companion article in Artificial Intelligence and Law 4: 1--71, 1996. Three perspectives are used to evaluate BankXX:(1) classical information retrieval measures of precision and recall applied against a hand-coded baseline; (2) knowledge-representation and case-based (...)
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  4.  13
    Globalisation and the Ethics of Transnational Biobank Networks.Lisa Dive, Paul Mason, Edwina Light, Ian Kerridge & Wendy Lipworth - 2017 - Asian Bioethics Review 9 (4):301-310.
    Biobanks are increasingly being linked together into global networks in order to maximise their capacity to identify causes of and treatments for disease. While there is great optimism about the potential of these biobank networks to contribute to personalised and data-driven medicine, there are also ethical concerns about, among other things, risks to personal privacy and exploitation of vulnerable populations. Concepts drawn from theories of globalisation can assist with the characterisation of the ethical implications of biobank networking across borders, which (...)
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  5.  16
    Disruption, Diversity, and Global Biobanking.Edwina Light, Miriam Wiersma, Lisa Dive, Ian Kerridge, Christine Critchley & Wendy Lipworth - 2019 - American Journal of Bioethics 19 (5):45-47.
    Volume 19, Issue 5, May 2019, Page 45-47.
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  6.  22
    Ambient Light, White Noise, and Monkey Vocalization as Sources of Interference in Visual Short-Term Memory of Monkeys.R. W. Worsham & M. R. D'Amato - 1973 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 99 (1):99-105.
  7.  10
    Public Trust and Global Biobank Networks.Wendy Lipworth, Ian Kerridge, Cameron Stewart, Edwina Light, Miriam Wiersma, Paul Mason, Margaret Otlowski, Christine Critchley & Lisa Dive - 2020 - BMC Medical Ethics 21 (1):1-9.
    BackgroundBiobanks provide an important foundation for genomic and personalised medicine. In order to enhance their scientific power and scope, they are increasingly becoming part of national or international networks. Public trust is essential in fostering public engagement, encouraging donation to, and facilitating public funding for biobanks. Globalisation and networking of biobanking may challenge this trust.MethodsWe report the results of an Australian study examining public attitudes to the networking and globalisation of biobanks. The study used quantitative and qualitative methods in conjunction (...)
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  8.  1
    Red Light, Purple Light! Results of an Intervention to Promote School Readiness for Children From Low-Income Backgrounds.Megan M. McClelland, Shauna L. Tominey, Sara A. Schmitt, Bridget E. Hatfield, David J. Purpura, Christopher R. Gonzales & Alexis N. Tracy - 2019 - Frontiers in Psychology 10.
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  9.  48
    Hayek's Theory of Cultural Evolution: An Evaluation in the Light of Vanberg's Critique: Geoffrey M. Hodgson.Geoffrey M. Hodgson - 1991 - Economics and Philosophy 7 (1):67-82.
    The application of evolutionary ideas to socioeconomic systems has been an increasingly prominent theme in the work of Friedrich Hayek, and the motif has become dominant in his recent book. In an earlier issue of this journal, Viktor Vanberg raises two substantive criticisms of Friedrich Hayek' theory of cultural evolution that invoke some important questions concerning use of the evolutionary analogy in social science.
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  10.  3
    New Light on Old Boys: Cognitive and Institutional Particularism in the Peer Review System. [REVIEW]H. M. Collins & G. D. L. Travis - 1991 - Science, Technology and Human Values 16 (3):322-341.
    Peer review of grant applications, it has been suggested, might be distorted by what is popularly termed old boyism, cronyism, or particularism. We argue that the existing debate emphasizes the more uninteresting aspects of the peer review system and that the operation of old boyism, as currently understood would have little effect on the overall direction of science. We identify a phenomenon of cognitive particularism, which we consider to be more important than the institutional cronyism analyzed in previous studies. We (...)
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  11. The Rediscovery of Light.Paul M. Churchland - 1996 - Journal of Philosophy 93 (5):211-28.
  12.  49
    Subjective Rightness: Holly M. Smith.Holly M. Smith - 2010 - Social Philosophy and Policy 27 (2):64-110.
    Twentieth century philosophers introduced the distinction between “objective rightness” and “subjective rightness” to achieve two primary goals. The first goal is to reduce the paradoxical tension between our judgments of what is best for an agent to do in light of the actual circumstances in which she acts and what is wisest for her to do in light of her mistaken or uncertain beliefs about her circumstances. The second goal is to provide moral guidance to an agent who (...)
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  13.  8
    Re-Reading Niebuhr’s The Children of Light and the Children of Darkness: The Crisis of Democracy in an Interdependent World Then and Now.Lucian M. Ashworth - 2021 - Journal of International Political Theory 17 (2):123-138.
    Reinhold Niebuhr’s The Children of Light and the Children of Darkness is one of the key English-language texts in the post-war settlement literature of the early 1940s. This article analyses the book on three interconnected levels: the nature of the argument made by Niebuhr in the book, its place in the broader post-war settlement literature of the early 1940s, and its relevance to the current problems of right-wing populism and the climate crisis. While the main theme of the book (...)
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  14.  41
    The Rediscovery of Light.Paul M. Churchland - 1996 - Journal of Philosophy 93 (5):211.
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  15.  24
    An Early H.M.I., Thomas William Marshall, in the Light of New Evidence.M. J. Illing - 1972 - British Journal of Educational Studies 20 (1):58-69.
  16.  43
    Is Blindsight an Effect of Scattered Light, Spared Cortex, and Near-Threshold Vision?John Campion, Richard Latto & Y. M. Smith - 1983 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 6 (3):423-86.
    Blindsight is the term commonly used to describe visually guided behaviour elicited by a stimulus falling within the scotoma (blind area) caused by a lesion of the striate cortex. Such is normally held to be unconscious and to be mediated by subcortical pathways involving the superior colliculus. Blindsight is of considerable theoretical importance since it suggests that destriate man is more like destriate monkey than had been previously believed and also because it supports the classical notion of two visual systems. (...)
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  17.  19
    Wealth of Selves: Multiple Identities, Mestiza Consciousness, and the Subject of Politics. Edwina Barvosa. College Station: Texas A & M University Press. 2008. 1 + 290 Pp. [REVIEW]Susan Paulson - 2012 - Ethos: Journal of the Society for Psychological Anthropology 40 (3):1-3.
  18. Philosophy and Geography I: Space, Place, and Environmental Ethics.Andrew Light, Jonathan M. Smith, Annie L. Booth, Robert Burch, John Clark, Anthony M. Clayton, Matthew Gandy, Eric Katz, Roger King, Roger Paden, Clive L. Spash, Eliza Steelwater, Zev Trachtenberg & James L. Wescoat - 1996 - Rowman & Littlefield Publishers.
    The inaugural collection in an exciting new exchange between philosophers and geographers, this volume provides interdisciplinary approaches to the environment as space, place, and idea. Never before have philosophers and geographers approached each other's subjects in such a strong spirit of mutual understanding. The result is a concrete exploration of the human-nature relationship that embraces strong normative approaches to environmental problems.
     
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  19.  10
    Sharing the Light: Representations of Women and Virtue in Early China.Jane M. Geaney & Lisa Raphals - 2000 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 120 (1):140.
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  20.  16
    Controlling Brain Cells With Light: Ethical Considerations for Optogenetic Clinical Trials.Frederic Gilbert, Alexander R. Harris & Robert M. I. Kapsa - 2014 - American Journal of Bioethics Neuroscience 5 (3):3-11.
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  21.  12
    Strain Differences in Light-Contingent Barpress Behavior of the Rat.Gordon M. Harrington - 1979 - Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 13 (3):155-156.
  22.  35
    Pamela Joy M. Mariano Light+ Write-Photographs.Pamela Joy M. Mariano - 2008 - Budhi: A Journal of Ideas and Culture 12 (2 & 3).
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  23. Anomalous Light Phenomena Vs. Brain Electric Activity. Quantum Mind Conference 2007, Salzburg (Austria) 16-20 July 2007.M. Teodorani & G. Nobili - forthcoming - Journal of Consciousness Studies.
  24.  18
    M Uch of the Literature on Journalism Ethics Considers Journalists' Duties in Light of Their Responsibilities to Multiple Stakeholders, Including, Impor-Tantly, Citizens. James W. Carey Took Seriously This Connection Between the Press and the Public. In One of His More Eloquent and Memorable Passages, Carey Described the Bond This Way. [REVIEW]Wendy N. Wyatt - 2010 - In Christopher Meyers (ed.), Journalism Ethics: A Philosophical Approach. Oxford University Press. pp. 283.
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  25. When Cognition Turns Vicious: Heuristics and Biases in Light of Virtue Epistemology.Peter L. Samuelson & Ian M. Church - 2015 - Philosophical Psychology 28 (8):1095-1113.
    In this paper, we explore the literature on cognitive heuristics and biases in light of virtue epistemology, specifically highlighting the two major positions—agent-reliabilism and agent-responsibilism —as they apply to dual systems theories of cognition and the role of motivation in biases. We investigate under which conditions heuristics and biases might be characterized as vicious and conclude that a certain kind of intellectual arrogance can be attributed to an inappropriate reliance on Type 1, or the improper function of Type 2, (...)
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  26.  4
    There Is Light and There Is Darkness: On the Temporal Dynamics of Cohesion, Coordination, and Performance in Business Teams.Pedro Marques-Quinteiro, Ramón Rico, Ana M. Passos & Luís Curral - 2019 - Frontiers in Psychology 10.
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  27.  37
    Reproductive Technologies in Light of Dignitas Personae.Benedict M. Guevin - 2010 - The National Catholic Bioethics Quarterly 10 (1):51-59.
    The purpose of the Instruction Dignitas personae, issued by the Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith, is not only to reaffirm the validity of the teaching laid out in Donum vitae, with regard to both the principles on which it is based and the moral evaluations which it expresses, but to add needed clarification on reproductive technologies in the light of more recent developments. In addition to the reproductive technologies discussed in Dignitas personae, namely, homologous and heterologous artificial (...)
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  28.  9
    New Light on Festus.W. M. Lindsay - 1932 - Classical Quarterly 26 (3-4):193-.
    In Italy, at the end of the tenth century, a pedant named Regulus (?) who had a copy of the De Verborum Significatu (or had made extracts from one), wishing to read Plautus (so often quoted by Festus), took the opportunity of an illness to appeal to certain prelates whose church-library contained a MS. of the comedian. Through their stupidity he received not Plautus, but Plato, i.e. Chalcidius' translation of the Timaeus. Disappointed, but not deterred, he wrote the following letter (...)
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  29.  15
    Roemer and the First Determination of the Velocity of Light.M. Romer & I. Cohen - 1940 - Isis 31:327-379.
  30. Plato's Dialogues in Light of the Seventh Letter.Kenneth M. Sayre - 1988 - In Charles L. Griswold (ed.), Platonic Writings/Platonic Readings. Pennsylvania State University Press. pp. 93--109.
  31.  14
    Light on Early Indian Society and Economy.D. M. S. & Ram Sharan Sharma - 1968 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 88 (2):383.
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  32.  3
    Broken Light on the Ground of Home: Non-Being and Diasporic Trauma in the Parmenidean Poem.D. M. Spitzer - 2020 - Diacritics 48 (1):108-126.
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  33.  32
    Relativistic Doppler Effect in Light Clocks Construed as a Result of Prior Acceleration.Edward M. Kelly - 1984 - Foundations of Physics 14 (8):705-720.
    During a transverse acceleration of a light clock from rest, the mirrors must be tilted so as to retain the light pulse. The mirrors therefore have a normal velocity which increases the frequency of the pulse at each reflection. If a mirror is annihilated, the frequency of the escaping pulse, as a result of many reflections, is that of the relativistic Doppler effect. This holds for any acceleration, if the Fitzgerald contraction is assumed, thereby furnishing a new mechanism (...)
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  34.  21
    Infants Perceive Human Point-Light Displays as Solid Forms.Derek G. Moore, Julia E. Goodwin, Rachel George, Emma L. Axelsson & Fleur M. B. Braddick - 2007 - Cognition 104 (2):377-396.
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  35. Psychoanalysis in a New Light[REVIEW]M. Thompson - 2011 - Journal of Phenomenological Psychology 42 (2):231-235.
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  36. Rethinking Ethics in the Light of Jewish Thought and the Life Sciences.Norbert M. Samuelson - 2001 - Journal of Religious Ethics 29 (2):209 - 233.
    Judaism in the twentieth century began to return to its scriptural, communal roots after a centuries-long detour through Greek-influenced natural philosophy, a detour during which science and ethics were assumed to be partners and Jewish ethics drew heavily on natural philosophy and science. Twentieth-century philosophical ethics and science, particularly biological science, have developed in such a way as to make any continuation of that historical partnership problematic. This is not altogether regrettable because the problematizing of this long-standing partnership has driven (...)
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  37.  28
    Leadership and Ethical Development: Balancing Light and Shadow.Benyamin M. Lichtenstein, Beverly A. Smith & William R. Torbert - 1995 - Business Ethics Quarterly 5 (1):97-116.
    What makes a leader ethical? This paper critically examines the answer given by developmental theory, which argues that individuals can develop through cumulative stages of ethical orientation and behavior (e.g. Hobbesian, Kantian, Rawlsian), such that leaders at later developmental stages (of whom there are empirically very few today) are more ethical. By contrast to a simple progressive model of ethical development, this paper shows that each developmental stage has both positive (light) and negative (shadow) aspects, which affect the ethical (...)
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  38.  26
    New Light on Fundamental Problems, Including the Nature and Function of Art: Being a Critical and Constructive Study of the Problems of Philosophy From the New Point of View of Henri Bergson. By T. V. Seshagiri Row, M.A., Ph.D. (University of Madras. 1932. Pp. Xv + 273. Price 12s. 6d.). [REVIEW]A. Boyce Gibson - 1933 - Philosophy 8 (32):504-.
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  39.  27
    Light, Wind, and Structure: The Mystery of the Master Builders. Robert MarkThe Architectural Theory of Viollet-le-Duc: Readings and Commentary. Eugène-Emmanuel Viollet-le-Duc, M. F. Hearn. [REVIEW] Barnes - 1991 - Isis 82 (4):732-733.
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  40.  14
    Light-Induced Metastability in Thin Nanocrystalline Silicon Films.M. Bauza, N. P. Mandal, A. Ahnood, A. Sazonov & A. Nathan - 2009 - Philosophical Magazine 89 (28-30):2531-2539.
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  41.  22
    Jan M. Ziolkowski and Bridget K. Balint, Eds., with, Justin Lake, Laura Light, and Prydwyn Piper, A Garland of Satire, Wisdom, and History: Latin Verse From Twelfth-Century France . Cambridge, Mass.: Houghton Library of the Harvard College Library, 2007. Paper. Pp. X, 232; 1 Black-and-White Figure, Many Color Facsimiles, and 1 Map. Distributed by Harvard University Press. [REVIEW]Martha Bayless - 2010 - Speculum 85 (2):486-487.
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  42. Andrew Light and Jonathan M. Smith, Eds., Philosophy and Geography I: Space, Place, and Environmental Ethics Reviewed By. [REVIEW]Arnold Berleant - 1997 - Philosophy in Review 17 (5):342-345.
     
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  43.  11
    Review: M. Strauss, Formal Problems of Probability Theory in the Light of Quantum Mechanics. [REVIEW]Evert Beth - 1940 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 5 (2):72-73.
  44.  12
    Strauss M.. Formal Problems of Probability Theory in the Light of Quantum Mechanics Unity of Science Forum, 12 1938, Pp. 35–40; February 1939, Pp. 49–54; April 1939' Pp. 85–72. [REVIEW]Evert Beth - 1940 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 5 (2):72-73.
  45. A Light Unto My Path. Old Testament Studies in Honor of Jacob M. Myers.Howard N. Bream, Ralph D. Heim & Carey A. Moore - 1974
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  46.  10
    New Light on Theophrastus? - Konrad Gaiser: Theophrast in Assos. Zur Entwicklung der Naturwissenschaft Zwischen Akademie Und Peripatos. Pp. 120; 4 Illustrations. Heidelberg: Carl Winter, 1985. DM 100 . - William W. Fortenbaugh, Pamela M. Huby, Anthony A. Long : Theophrastus of Eresus. On His Life and Work. Pp. Ix + 355. New Brunswick and Oxford: Transaction Books, 1985, £28.20. [REVIEW]Troels Engberg-Pedersen - 1987 - The Classical Review 37 (1):53-57.
  47.  2
    From Light Logics to Type Assignments: A Case Study.M. Gaboardi & S. R. D. Rocca - 2009 - Logic Journal of the IGPL 17 (5):499-530.
  48. Andrew Light and Jonathan M. Smith, Eds., The Aesthetics of Everyday Life Reviewed By.Theodore Gracyk - 2006 - Philosophy in Review 26 (3):205-208.
     
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  49. Branimir Boguraev and James Pustejovsky, Eds., Corpus Processing for Lexical Acquisition.M. Light - 1998 - Journal of Logic Language and Information 7:111-114.
  50. Philosophy and Geography Ii the Production of Public Space.Andrew Light & Jonathan M. Smith (eds.) - 1997 - Rowman & Littlefield Publishers.
    Philosophers and geographers have converged on the topic of public space, fascinated and in many ways alarmed by fundamental changes in the way post-industrial societies produce space for public use, and in the way citizens of these same societies perceive and constitute themselves as a public. This volume advances this inquiry, making extensive use of political and social theory, while drawing intimate connections between political principles, social processes, and the commonplaces of our everyday environments.
     
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