Results for 'Egalitarianism'

1000+ found
Order:
  1.  30
    Egalitarianism, Numbers and the Dreaded Conclusion.Gabriel Wollner - 2012 - Ethical Perspectives 19 (3):399-416.
    Some contractualist egalitarians try to accommodate a concern for numbers by embracing a pluralist strategy. They incorporate the belief that the number of people affected matters for what distribution one ought to bring about by arguing that their primary contractualist concern for justifiability to each may be outweighed by aggregative considerations. The present contribution offers two arguments against such a pluralist strategy. First, I argue that advo- cates of the pluralist strategy are forced to abandon the rationale behind the criterion (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  2.  2
    Pragmatist Egalitarianism.David Rondel - 2017 - New York: Oxford University Press.
    Pragmatist Egalitarianism argues that a deep impasse plagues philosophical egalitarianism. It sets forth a conception of equality rooted in American pragmatist thought--specifically William James, John Dewey, and Richard Rorty--that successfully mediates that impasse.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   3 citations  
  3.  59
    Luck Egalitarianism and the History of Political Thought.Carl Knight - 2016 - In Camilla Boisen & Matthew C. Murray (eds.), Distributive Justice Debates in Political and Social Thought. Abingdon, UK: pp. 26-38.
    Luck egalitarianism is a family of egalitarian theories of distributive justice that give a special place to luck, choice, and responsibility. These theories can be understood as responding to perceived weaknesses in influential earlier theories of both the left – in particular Rawls’ liberal egalitarianism (1971) – and the right – Nozick’s libertarianism (1974) stands out here. Rawls put great emphasis on the continuity of his theory with the great social contract theories of modern political thought, particularly emphasising (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  4. Relational Egalitarianism, Paternalism, Adults and Children: A Puzzle.Bengtson Andreas - forthcoming - Ergo: An Open Access Journal of Philosophy.
    Relational egalitarianism is a theory of justice according to which people must relate as equals. However, not any inegalitarian relation is unjust, i.e., the fact that parents do not relate as equals to their children is not unjust. Whereas an adult treating another adult paternalistically is objectionable from the point of view of relational egalitarianism, parent-child paternalism is not. What may explain this difference in judgment? I refer to this as the Puzzle. I discuss four justifications of the (...)
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  5.  25
    Luck Egalitarianism.Kasper Lippert-Rasmussen - 2015 - Bloomsbury Academic.
    Kasper Lippert-Rasmussen tackles all the major questions concerning luck egalitarianism, providing deep, penetrating and original discussion of recent academic discourses on distributive justice as well as responses to some of the main objections in the literature. It offers a new answer to the “Why equality?” and “Equality of what?” questions, and provides a robust luck egalitarian response to the recent criticisms of luck egalitarianism by social relations egalitarians. This systematic, theoretical introduction illustrates the broader picture of distributive justice (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   28 citations  
  6.  45
    Luck Egalitarianism[REVIEW]Annabelle Lever - 2016 - Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews 5.
    This brilliant and challenging book provides an overview and defence of 'luck egalitarianism', one that helpfully connects debates on luck egalitarianism to debates on what aspects of our lives egalitarians should try equalise (the 'equality of what?' debate/the debate on the 'metric' of equality) and on what respect, if any, it makes sense to see each other as equals. The book illuminates different conceptions of luck, as found in the philosophical literature, clarifies the difference between telic and deontic (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  7. Egalitarianism.Christopher Woodard - 2005 - Philosophical Books 46 (2):97-112.
    A survey of recent work on egalitarianism.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   3 citations  
  8.  1
    Species Egalitarianism and Respect for Nature.Lucia Schwarz - 2021 - In Oliver Sensen & Richard Dean (eds.), Respect: Philosophical Essays. Oxford, UK: pp. 208-302.
    Lucia Schwarz urges a reconsideration of the implications of species egalitarianism, which is an essential element of the position in environmental ethics that Paul Taylor calls “respect for nature.” Species egalitarianism’s claim that every living thing has equal inherent worth appears to lead to counterintuitive conclusions, such as that killing a human being is no worse than killing a dandelion. Species egalitarians have generally responded by explaining that species egalitarianism is compatible with recognizing moral differences between killing (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  9.  20
    Egalitarianism.Carl Knight & Andreas Albertsen - 2018 - Oxford Bibliographies in Political Science.
    Equality as a bare concept refers to two or more distinct things or people being the same in some dimension. Different forms of equality are distinguished by the dimension that is held to be the same. Within political theory, three main forms of equality can be distinguished: moral equality, political equality, and substantive equality. “Moral equality” refers to each individual having the same inherent dignity as a human being, and therefore being worthy of respect. “Political equality,” by contrast, refers to (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  10. Luck Egalitarianism: Equality, Responsibility, and Justice.Carl Knight - 2009 - Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press.
    How should we decide which inequalities between people are justified, and which are unjustified? One answer is that such inequalities are only justified where there is a corresponding variation in responsible action or choice on the part of the persons concerned. This view, which has become known as 'luck egalitarianism', has come to occupy a central place in recent debates about distributive justice. This book is the first full length treatment of this significant development in contemporary political philosophy. Each (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   45 citations  
  11. Global Egalitarianism as a Practice-Independent Ideal.Merten Reglitz - 2011 - Dissertation, University of Warwick
    In this thesis I defend the principle of global egalitarianism. According to this idea most of the existing detrimental inequalities in this world are morally objectionable. As detrimental inequalities I understand those that are not to the benefit of the worst off people and that can be non-wastefully removed. To begin with, I consider various justifications of the idea that only those detrimental inequalities that occur within one and the same state are morally objectionable. I identify Thomas Nagel’s approach (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  12.  14
    Egalitarianism.Ryan Long - 2016 - Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
    Egalitarianism Are all persons of equal moral worth? Is variation in income and wealth just? Does it matter that the allocation of income and wealth is shaped by undeserved luck? No one deserves the family into which they are born, their innate abilities, or their starting place in society, yet these have a dramatic impact … Continue reading Egalitarianism →.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  13. Egalitarianism, Free Will, and Ultimate Injustice.Saul Smilansky - manuscript
    Egalitarianism is a major contemporary position on issues of distributive justice and related public policy. Its major strand can be called “choice-egalitarianism”, broadly, the claim that inequality can be morally justified only when it follows from people’s choices.1 I claim that the choice-egalitarians have failed to recognize a deep sense of injustice, which I call Ultimate Injustice. This form of injustice follows from the implications of the free will problem. Part I of this paper explains what Ultimate Injustice (...)
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  14.  93
    Egalitarianism and Population Change.Gustaf Arrhenius - 2009 - In Axel Gosseries & Lukas H. Meyer (eds.), Intergenerational Justice. Oxford: Oxford University Press. pp. 325-349.
  15.  21
    The Egalitarianism and Non-Egalitarianism of Buddhist Ethics.Fuchuan Yao - 2020 - Asian Philosophy 30 (3):258-273.
    This essay is to identify two views of Buddhist ethics: egalitarianism and non-egalitarianism. In the time of the Buddha, there was no conflict between the concept of equality and the Buddha’s teac...
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  16.  34
    Reassessing Egalitarianism.Jeremy Moss - 2014 - Palgrave McMillan.
    Achieving social equality has been an important aim of modern democratic societies. Yet the process has engendered debate about the nature of equality and the consequences of its application. Why is equality valuable? What kind of equality should be aimed for? When is inequality justified? Should a principle of equality apply globally? The book assesses and links the different dimensions of equality and asks whether recent writing on the topic has the philosophical substance and political force traditionally associated with egalitarian (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   6 citations  
  17.  5
    Egalitarianism.Iwao Hirose - 2014 - Routledge.
    Some people are worse off than others. Does this fact give rise to moral concern? Egalitarianism claims that it does, for a wide array of reasons. It is one of the most important and hotly debated problems in moral and political philosophy, occupying a central place in the work of John Rawls, Thomas Nagel, G. A. Cohen and Derek Parfit. It also plays an important role in practical contexts such as the allocation of health care resources, the design of (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   8 citations  
  18.  33
    Egalitarianism and Animals.Oscar Horta - 2016 - Between the Species 19 (1):108-144.
    The moral consideration of nonhuman animals and the critique of speciesism have been defended by appeal to a variety of ethical theories. One of the main approaches in moral and political philosophy today from which to launch such a defense is egalitarianism, which is the view that we should aim at favoring the worse off by reducing inequality. This paper explains what egalitarianism is and shows the important practical consequences it has for nonhuman animals, both those that are (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  19. Egalitarianism Reconsidered.Daniel M. Hausman & Matt Sensat Waldren - 2011 - Journal of Moral Philosophy 8 (4):567-586.
    This paper argues that egalitarian theories should be judged by the degree to which they meet four different challenges. Fundamentalist egalitarianism, which contends that certain inequalities are intrinsically bad or unjust regardless of their consequences, fails to meet these challenges. Building on discussions by T.M. Scanlon and David Miller, we argue that egalitarianism is better understood in terms of commitments to six egalitarian objectives. A consequence of our view, in contrast to Martin O'Neill's “non-intrinsic egalitarianism,“ is that (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   10 citations  
  20.  9
    Luck Egalitarianism and Relational Egalitarianism: An Internal Tension in Cohen’s Theory of Justice.Jiangjin Chen - 2020 - Analyse & Kritik 42 (1):219-240.
    Relational Egalitarianism focuses on the construction of equal social relationships between persons. It strongly opposes luck egalitarianism, which understands equality as a distributive ideal. In Cohen’s theory of justice, luck egalitarianism and relational egalitarianism simultaneously exist, and Cohen provides arguments corresponding to each. In this paper, we explore the manifestation of tension between these two forms of egalitarianism in his theory. In addition, we also reconstruct some possible solutions provided by Cohen to soften this tension, (...)
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  21. Luck Egalitarianism, Responsibility, and Political Liberalism.Ryan Long - 2016 - Dialogue 55 (1):107-130.
    Luck egalitarians argue that distributive justice should be understood in terms of our capacity to be responsible for our choices. Both proponents and critics assume that the theory must rely on a comprehensive conception of responsibility. I respond to luck egalitarianism’s critics by developing a political conception of responsibility that remains agnostic on the metaphysics of free choice. I construct this political conception by developing a novel reading of John Rawls’ distinction between the political and the comprehensive. A surprising (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  22. Egalitarianism.Ryan Long - 2016 - In James Fieser & Bradley Dowden (eds.), Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
  23. Egalitarianism and Compassion.Roger Crisp - 2003 - Ethics 114 (1):119-126.
    In "Egalitarianism Defended," Larry Temkin attempted to rebut criticisms of egalitarianism I had made in my article, "Equality, Priority, and Compassion." Temkin's response is interesting and illuminating, but, in this article, I shall claim that his arguments miss their target and that the failure of egalitarianism may have implications more serious than some have thought.
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   15 citations  
  24.  60
    Luck Egalitarianism, Universal Health Care, and Non-Responsibility-Based Reasons for Responsibilization.Martin Marchman Andersen & Morten Ebbe Juul Nielsen - 2015 - Res Publica 21 (2):201-216.
    In recent literature, there has been much debate about whether and how luck egalitarianism, given its focus on personal responsibility, can justify universal health care. In this paper we argue that, whether or not this is so, and in fact whether or not egalitarianism should be sensitive to responsibility at all, the question of personal responsibilization for health is not settled. This is the case because whether or not individuals are responsible for their own health condition is not (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  25. Luck Egalitarianism, Permissible Inequalities, and Moral Hazard.Gerald Lang - 2009 - Journal of Moral Philosophy 6 (3):317-338.
    In this article, I appeal to the phenomenon of moral hazard in order to explain how at least some of the inequalities permitted by Luck Egalitarianism can be given an alternative, more plausible grounding than that which is supplied by Luck Egalitarianism. This alternative grounding robs Luck Egalitarianism of a potentially significant source of intuitive support whilst enabling conditional welfare policies to survive the attacks on them made by Elizabeth Anderson, Jonathan Wolff, and others.
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   4 citations  
  26. Egalitarianism and Repugnant Conclusions.Thomas Søbirk Petersen - 2003 - Danish Yearbook of Philosophy 38 (1):115-125.
    Most philosophers discuss the Repugnant Conclusion as an objection to total utilitarianism. But this focus on total utilitarianism seems to be one-sided. It conceals the important fact that other competing moral theories are also subject to the Repugnant Conclusion. The primary aim of this paper is to demonstrate that versions of egalitarianism are subject to the Repugnant Conclusion and other repugnant conclusions.
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  27. Recasting Egalitarianism: New Rules for Communities, States and Markets.Samuel Bowles, Herbert Gintis & Erik Olin Wright - 2000 - Utopian Studies 11 (2):233-235.
  28. Egalitarianism.Arnesen Richard - 2002 - The Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy. Fall 2002.
  29.  47
    Constrained Egalitarianism in a Simple Redistributive Model.Jean-Yves Jaffray & Philippe Mongin - 2003 - Theory and Decision 54 (1):33-56.
    The paper extends a result in Dutta and Ray's (1989) theory of constrained egalitarianism initiated by relying on the concept of proportionate rather than absolute equality. We apply this framework to redistributive systems in which what the individuals get depends on what they receive or pay qua members of generally overlapping groups. We solve the constrained equalization problem for this class of models. The paper ends up comparing our solution with the alternative solution based on the Shapley value, which (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  30.  15
    Relational Egalitarianism: Living as Equals.Kasper Lippert-Rasmussen - 2018 - Cambridge University Press.
    Over the last twenty years, many political philosophers have rejected the idea that justice is fundamentally about distribution. Rather, justice is about social relations, and the so-called distributive paradigm should be replaced by a new relational paradigm. Kasper Lippert-Rasmussen seeks to describe, refine, and assess these thoughts and to propose a comprehensive form of egalitarianism which includes central elements from both relational and distributive paradigms. He shows why many of the challenges that luck egalitarianism faces reappear, once we (...)
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   16 citations  
  31. Luck Egalitarianism and COVID-19: The Case for Compensating Children for School Closures.Jay Zameska - forthcoming - Studies in Philosophy and Education:1-17.
    The Covid-19 pandemic resulted in school closures around the world, leaving lasting negative impacts on many children. Given that such closures are justified public health measures, this raises the question of compensating children for school closures. In this article I address the question of compensation from the perspective of a popular theory of justice: luck egalitarianism. In doing so, I examine a problem with applying luck egalitarianism to children, called the agency assumption. I then argue this assumption results (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  32. Political Egalitarianism.Joseph Heath - 2008 - Social Theory and Practice 34 (4):485-516.
    The term “political” egalitarianism is used here, not to refer to equality within the political sphere, but rather in John Rawls’s sense, to refer to a conception of egalitarian distributive justice that is capable of serving as the object of an overlapping consensus in a pluralistic society.1 Thus “political” egalitarianism is political in the same way that Rawls’s “political” liberalism is political. The central task when it comes to developing such a conception of equality is to determine what (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   6 citations  
  33.  40
    Relational Egalitarianism and the Grounds of Entitlements to Health Care.Brian Berkey - 2018 - Les ateliers de l'éthique/The Ethics Forum 13 (3):85-104.
    In recent years, a number of philosophers have argued that much theorizing about the value of equality, and about justice more generally, has focused unduly on distributive issues and neglected the importance of egalitarian social relationships. As a result, relational egalitarian views, according to which the value of egalitarian social relations provides the grounds of the commitment that we ought to have to equality, have gained prominence as alternatives to more fundamentally distributive accounts of the basis of egalitarianism, and (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  34.  37
    Egalitarianism and Perceptions of Inequality.Derrick Darby & Nyla R. Branscombe - 2012 - Philosophical Topics 40 (1):7-25.
    Drawing on social psychological evidence showing that the perspective from which the economically advantaged and disadvantaged view economic inequalities matters a great deal for how they are appraised, for when they are considered unfair, and for what evidentiary standards individuals rely upon to reach their conclusions, we argue that choice egalitarianism is unsuitable for articulating the demands of justice when people not only disagree about the causes of inequality but also have motivated reasons to adopt different standards for appraising (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   3 citations  
  35. Egalitarianism and the Social Sciences in India.Gopal Guru - 2012 - In The Cracked Mirror: An Indian Debate on Experience and Theory. Oxford University Press.
    This volume explores the relationship between experience and theory in Indian social sciences in the form of a dialogue. It focuses on questions of Dalit experience and untouchability. While Gopal Guru argues that only those who have lived lives as subalterns can represent them accurately, Sundar Sarukkai feels that people located outside the community can also represent them. Thematically divided into five sections, the first discusses the problems associated with theory in the social sciences in the Indian context. The next (...)
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  36. Egalitarianism and Justice in the "Republic".R. W. Hall - 1972 - Apeiron 6 (2):7 - 19.
  37. Egalitarianism and Personal Desert.Robert Young - 1992 - Ethics 102 (2):319-341.
  38.  48
    Egalitarianism and Envy.Robert Young - 1987 - Philosophical Studies 52 (2):261 - 276.
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   12 citations  
  39.  6
    Liberal Egalitarianism.Sheldon Wein - 1984 - Philosophy Research Archives 10:67-115.
    This paper provides a systematic statement of Ronald Dworkin’s political philosophy. Dworkin’s defence of democratic institutions constrained by civil rights is shown to be linked to his defence of the economic market constrained by economic welfare rights. The theory is defended against attacks from H.L.A. Hart and L. Haworth. The possibility that the theory can be given a Kantian grounding is explored.
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  40.  19
    Epiphenomenal Egalitarianism.Robert Goodin - 1985 - Social Research: An International Quarterly 52.
  41. Egalitarianism Without Equality?Paul J. Weithman - 2008 - In Philip L. Quinn & Paul J. Weithman (eds.), Liberal Faith: Essays in Honor of Philip Quinn. University of Notre Dame Press.
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  42. Moral Egalitarianism.John-Stewart Gordon - 2008 - Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  43. Democratic Egalitarianism.Carol C. Gould - 2001 - In James P. Sterba (ed.), Social and Political Philosophy: Contemporary Perspectives. Routledge. pp. 231--46.
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  44.  11
    Pragmatist Egalitarianism by David Rondel.Minna-Kerttu Vienola - 2019 - Transactions of the Charles S. Peirce Society 55 (1):84-88.
    Topics of equality and justice have been a part of pragmatist discussions from early on. Rondel's Pragmatist Egalitarianism is an important contribution to these discussions. In the book, Rondel reflects on former pragmatists' work, continues ongoing discussions, and provides a new conceptualization of a political-philosophical field called pragmatist egalitarianism. It is a reconciliatory project with a historicist approach to pragmatism, forming a picture of a clear political-philosophical pragmatist tradition. It rejects arguments based on "ideal-theoretical" first principles and questions (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  45. Relational Egalitarianism.Rekha Nath - 2020 - Philosophy Compass 15 (7):1-12.
    In the past few decades, there has been a growing literature on relational egalitarianism. Relational egalitarianism is a view on the nature and value of equality. In contrast to the dominant view in recent debates on equality—distributive egalitarianism, on which equality is about ensuring people have or fare the same in some respect—on the relational view, equality is a matter of the terms on which relationships are structured. But what exactly does it mean for people to relate (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  46. Against Egalitarianism.Benj Hellie - 2013 - Analysis 73 (2):304-320.
    ‘Egalitarian' views of consciousness treat my stream of consciousness and yours as on a par ontologically. A range of worries about Chalmers's philosophical system are traced to a background presupposition of egalitarianism: Chalmers is apparently committed to ‘soul pellets'; the ‘phenomenal properties' at the core of the system are obscure; a ‘vertiginous question' about my identity is raised but not adequately answered; the theory of phenomenal concepts conflicts with the ‘transparency of experience'; the epistemology of other minds verges very (...)
    Direct download (8 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   17 citations  
  47. Egalitarianism: New Essays on the Nature and Value of Equality.Nils Holtug & Kasper Lippert-Rasmussen (eds.) - 2006 - Clarendon Press.
    The contributors to the volume are: Richard Arneson, Linda Barclay, Thomas Christiano, Nils Holtug, Susan Hurley, Kasper Lippert-Rasmussen, Dennis McKerlie, ...
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   20 citations  
  48.  62
    Luck Egalitarianism and the See-Saw Objection.Gerald Lang - 2006 - American Philosophical Quarterly 43 (1):43 - 56.
  49.  19
    Luck Egalitarianism as Providence.Shlomo Dov Rosen - 2017 - International Journal of Philosophy and Theology 78 (3):301-325.
    Luck egalitarianism is an approach within current distributive justice theory which aims to focus redistributive efforts solely upon disadvantages that ensue from bad luck. This article considers how central assumptions and themes of both luck egalitarianism and its critics parallel those of providence theology and share some of their concerns. These relate to problems such as the basis of equality, the extent and nature of our knowledge, and of course, the paternalism that assessing people’s responsibility over their own (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  50. Against Egalitarianism.John Kekes - 2006 - Royal Institute of Philosophy Supplement 58:137-156.
    It is possible that the fame of the Texas Rose Rustlers Society has not yet reached readers of these words. They may want to know then that its members prize roses that survive unattended in the wilds of Texas, having eluded the benevolent attention of gardeners. These unattended roses are not too distantly related to the ‘unofficial English rose’ that the poet says ‘Unkempt about those hedges blows’ in the proximity of The Old Vicarage at Grantchester. As all respectable societies, (...)
    Direct download (9 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
1 — 50 / 1000