Results for 'Eleanor Olds Batchelder'

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  1.  50
    Bootstrapping the lexicon: a computational model of infant speech segmentation.Eleanor Olds Batchelder - 2002 - Cognition 83 (2):167-206.
    Prelinguistic infants must find a way to isolate meaningful chunks from the continuous streams of speech that they hear. BootLex, a new model which uses distributional cues to build a lexicon, demonstrates how much can be accomplished using this single source of information. This conceptually simple probabilistic algorithm achieves significant segmentation results on various kinds of language corpora - English, Japanese, and Spanish; child- and adult-directed speech, and written texts; and several variations in coding structure - and reveals which statistical (...)
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  2.  21
    Can a computer really model cognition? A case study of six computational models of infant word discovery.Eleanor Olds Batchelder - 1998 - In M. A. Gernsbacher & S. J. Derry (eds.), Proceedings of the 20th Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society. Lawerence Erlbaum.
  3.  27
    Old traditions die hard: The influence of nationalism and the European community on women's rights in France, the United Kingdom and Germany.Eleanor E. Zeff - 1992 - History of European Ideas 15 (1-3):257-264.
  4.  21
    Forgetting in short-term recall: All-or-none or decremental?Thomas O. Nelson & William H. Batchelder - 1969 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 82 (1p1):96.
  5.  8
    Foraminifera as a model of the extensive variability in genome dynamics among eukaryotes.Eleanor J. Goetz, Mattia Greco, Hannah B. Rappaport, Agnes K. M. Weiner, Laura M. Walker, Samuel Bowser, Susan Goldstein & Laura A. Katz - 2022 - Bioessays 44 (10):2100267.
    Knowledge of eukaryotic life cycles and associated genome dynamics stems largely from research on animals, plants, and a small number of “model” (i.e., easily cultivable) lineages. This skewed sampling results in an underappreciation of the variability among the many microeukaryotic lineages, which represent the bulk of eukaryotic biodiversity. The range of complex nuclear transformations that exists within lineages of microbial eukaryotes challenges the textbook understanding of genome and nuclear cycles. Here, we look in‐depth at Foraminifera, an ancient (∼600 million‐year‐old) lineage (...)
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  6.  11
    O egregie grammatice:_ the vocative problems of Latin words ending in _-ius.Eleanor Dickey - 2000 - Classical Quarterly 50 (02):548-.
    A long-lasting and sometimes acrimonious debate over the correct vocative form of second-declension Latin words in -ius began more than 800 years ago. For the past century most classicists have considered the matter to be settled, and little discussion on the subject has taken place. Yet the century-old conclusions we now so unthinkingly accept are based on very little evidence and are internally inconsistent in some of their details. The past hundred years have provided us not only with more Latin (...)
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  7.  14
    O egregie grammatice:_ the vocative problems of Latin words ending in _-ius.Eleanor Dickey - 2000 - Classical Quarterly 50 (2):548-562.
    A long-lasting and sometimes acrimonious debate over the correct vocative form of second-declension Latin words in -ius began more than 800 years ago. For the past century most classicists have considered the matter to be settled, and little discussion on the subject has taken place. Yet the century-old conclusions we now so unthinkingly accept are based on very little evidence and are internally inconsistent in some of their details. The past hundred years have provided us not only with more Latin (...)
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  8.  10
    Do Young Children Know What Makes A Picture Useful To Other People?Melissa Allen, Eleanor Hodgson & Paul Bloom - 2010 - Journal of Cognition and Culture 10 (1-2):27-37.
    Even babies have an implicit appreciation of the relationship between realistic pictures and the objects that they depict, but a mature understanding of pictures involves an explicit appreciation of how pictures work. Adults appreciate that pictures are public representations that can communicate information to other people, and that some pictures are better at doing this than others. We explore the foundations of this understanding in young children. In three experiments, using yes/no and forced-choice questions, we find that 3- and 4-year (...)
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  9.  45
    Ethics briefings.Sophie Brannan, Eleanor Chrispin, Martin Davies, Veronica English, Rebecca Mussell & Julian C. Sheather - 2013 - Journal of Medical Ethics 39 (11):719-720.
    Court of appeal ruling on assisted dyingIn July 2013, the Court of Appeal ruled on an assisted dying case brought by Paul Lamb, a 58-year-old man who has been quadriplegic and without function in any of his limbs, apart from a little movement in his right hand, since a car accident in 1990.1 Mr Lamb was permitted by the Court to take over the legal case of Tony Nicklinson, who died in August 2012, less than a week after his request (...)
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  10.  46
    Religion, philosophy of.Michael C. Rea & Eleanore Stump - 2015 - Routledge Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
    Philosophy of religion comprises philosophical reflection on a wide range of religious and religiously significant phenomena: religious belief, doctrine and practice in general; the phenomenology and cognitive significance of religious experience; the authority and reliability of religious testimony; the significance of religious diversity and disagreement; the relationship between religion (or God, or the gods) and morality; the doctrines, practices and modes of cognition distinctive to particular religious traditions; and so on. It is as old as philosophy itself and has been (...)
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  11.  5
    Reply to Eleanor Helms on Faith Versus Reason in Kierkegaard.Merold Westphal - 2018 - Faith and Philosophy 35 (3):367-372.
    Two reasons are given for speaking of “reason” even where Kierkegaard’s pseudonym, Climacus, speaks of “understanding.” First, we are dealing with a significant contribution to a centuries-old discussion of an issue that goes by the name of “faith and reason.” Second, whereas Kant and Hegel sharply distinguish mere understanding from reason, no such distinction is at work in Kierkegaard’s text. At issue is the quite different distinction of unaided human reason and divine revelation. It is not just any notion of (...)
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  12.  28
    Reply to Eleanor Helms on Faith Versus Reason in Kierkegaard.Merold Westphal - 2018 - Faith and Philosophy 35 (3):367-372.
    Two reasons are given for speaking of “reason” even where Kierkegaard’s pseudonym, Climacus, speaks of “understanding.” First, we are dealing with a significant contribution to a centuries-old discussion of an issue that goes by the name of “faith and reason.” Second, whereas Kant and Hegel sharply distinguish mere understanding from reason, no such distinction is at work in Kierkegaard’s text. At issue is the quite different distinction of unaided human reason and divine revelation. It is not just any notion of (...)
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  13.  15
    Perspective taking as virtual navigation? Perceptual simulation of what others see reflects their location in space but not their gaze.Eleanor Ward, Giorgio Ganis, Katrina L. McDonough & Patric Bach - 2020 - Cognition 199 (C):104241.
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  14.  15
    Multinomial processing models of source monitoring.William H. Batchelder & David M. Riefer - 1990 - Psychological Review 97 (4):548-564.
  15.  40
    The hippocampus: A manifesto for change.Eleanor A. Maguire & Sinéad L. Mullally - 2013 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 142 (4):1180.
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  16.  24
    Minor studies from the psychological laboratory of Wellesley College: Intensity as a criterion in estimating the distance of sounds.Eleanor A. Gamble - 1909 - Psychological Review 16 (6):416-426.
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  17. Effective spacetime geometry.Eleanor Knox - 2013 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part B: Studies in History and Philosophy of Modern Physics 44 (3):346-356.
    I argue that the need to understand spacetime structure as emergent in quantum gravity is less radical and surprising it might appear. A clear understanding of the link between general relativity's geometrical structures and empirical geometry reveals that this empirical geometry is exactly the kind of thing that could be an effective and emergent matter. Furthermore, any theory with torsion will involve an effective geometry, even though these theories look, at first glance, like theories with straightforward spacetime geometry. As it's (...)
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  18.  56
    Moral Agency in Charities and Business Corporations: Exploring the Constraints of Law and Regulation.Eleanor Burt & Samuel Mansell - 2019 - Journal of Business Ethics 159 (1):59-73.
    For centuries in the UK and elsewhere, charities have been widely regarded as admirable and virtuous organisations. Business corporations, by contrast, have been characterised in the popular imagination as entities that lack a capacity for moral judgement. Drawing on the philosophical literature on the moral agency of organisations, we examine how the law shapes the ability of charities and business corporations headquartered in England to exercise moral agency. Paradoxically, we find that charities are legally constrained in exercising moral agency in (...)
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  19. Neuroimaging studies of autobiographical event memory.Eleanor A. Maguire - 2002 - In Alan Baddeley, John Aggleton & Martin Conway (eds.), Episodic Memory: New Directions in Research. Oxford University Press.
     
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  20.  13
    “Here They Are in Flesh and Feather”: Walter Rothschild's “Private Zoo” and the Preparation and Taxonomic Study of Cassowaries.Eleanor Larsson - 2022 - Centaurus 64 (3):659-682.
    Large, black, flightless birds with unpredictable tempers and colourful heads and necks, cassowaries have enthralled European audiences for centuries, but perhaps no one more so than private collector and zoologist Lionel Walter Rothschild (1868-1937). Throughout the late 19th and early 20th centuries, Rothschild acquired hundreds of living cassowaries which were kept in his private zoological collection. This paper explores the nature of Rothschild's private zoo and how the collection of living cassowaries was used to support his zoological activities. Spread across (...)
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  21. Abstraction and its Limits: Finding Space For Novel Explanation.Eleanor Knox - 2016 - Noûs 50 (1):41-60.
    Several modern accounts of explanation acknowledge the importance of abstraction and idealization for our explanatory practice. However, once we allow a role for abstraction, questions remain. I ask whether the relation between explanations at different theoretical levels should be thought of wholly in terms of abstraction, and argue that changes of the quantities in terms of which we describe a system can lead to novel explanations that are not merely abstractions of some more detailed picture. I use the example of (...)
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  22.  70
    Striking the balance with epistemic injustice in healthcare: the case of Chronic Fatigue Syndrome/Myalgic Encephalomyelitis.Eleanor Alexandra Byrne - 2020 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 23 (3):371-379.
    Miranda Fricker’s influential concept of epistemic injustice has recently seen application to many areas of interest, with an increasing body of healthcare research using the concept of epistemic injustice in order to develop both general frameworks and accounts of specific medical conditions and patient groups. This paper illuminates tensions that arise between taking steps to protect against committing epistemic injustice in healthcare, and taking steps to understand the complexity of one’s predicament and treat it accordingly. Work on epistemic injustice is (...)
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  23.  32
    A critical examination of the analysis of dichotomous data.William H. Batchelder & Louis Narens - 1977 - Philosophy of Science 44 (1):113-135.
    This paper takes a critical look at theory-free, statistical methodologies for processing and interpreting data taken from respondents answering a set of dichotomous (yes-no) questions. The basic issue concerns to what extent theoretical conclusions based on such analyses are invariant under a class of "informationally equivalent" question transformations. First the notion of Boolean equivalence of two question sets is discussed. Then Lazarsfeld's latent structure analysis is considered in detail. It is discovered that the best fitting latent model depends on which (...)
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  24.  13
    Separation of storage and retrieval factors in free recall of clusterable pairs.William H. Batchelder & David M. Riefer - 1980 - Psychological Review 87 (4):375-397.
  25. Emergence without limits: The case of phonons.Alexander Franklin & Eleanor Knox - 2018 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part B: Studies in History and Philosophy of Modern Physics 64 (C):68-78.
    Recent discussions of emergence in physics have focussed on the use of limiting relations, and often particularly on singular or asymptotic limits. We discuss a putative example of emergence that does not fit into this narrative: the case of phonons. These quasi-particles have some claim to be emergent, not least because the way in which they relate to the underlying crystal is almost precisely analogous to the way in which quantum particles relate to the underlying quantum field theory. But there (...)
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  26. Universals in color naming and memory.Eleanor R. Heider - 1972 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 93 (1):10.
  27. Physical relativity from a functionalist perspective.Eleanor Knox - 2018 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part B: Studies in History and Philosophy of Modern Physics 67:118-124.
    This paper looks at the relationship between spacetime functionalism and Harvey Brown’s dynamical relativity. One popular way of reading and extending Brown’s programme in the literature rests on viewing his position as a version of relationism. But a kind of spacetime functionalism extends the project in a different way, by focussing on the account Brown gives of the role of spacetime in relativistic theories. It is then possible to see this as giving a functional account of the concept of spacetime (...)
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  28.  41
    Loneliness is a feminist issue.Eleanor Wilkinson - 2022 - Feminist Theory 23 (1):23-38.
    Loneliness is often described as a deadly epidemic sweeping across the population, a silent killer. Loneliness, we are told, is a social disease that must be cured. But what does it mean to think of loneliness as a feminist issue, and what might a specifically feminist theorisation bring to conceptualisations of loneliness? In this paper, I argue that feminism helps us see that loneliness is not just personal but political. I trace how stories of loneliness surface, circulate, shift and compound (...)
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  29.  11
    Measuring memory factors in source monitoring: Reply to Kinchla.William H. Batchelder, David M. Riefer & Xiangen Hu - 1994 - Psychological Review 101 (1):172-176.
  30. Multinomial models of some standard memory paradigms.Wh Batchelder & Dm Riefer - 1988 - Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 26 (6):492-492.
     
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  31.  40
    Latin Forms of Address: From Plautus to Apuleius.Eleanor Dickey - 2007 - Oxford University Press.
    A lively and engaging study of Roman culture and Latin literature as reflected in the system of address, based on a corpus of 15,441 addresses from literary and non-literary sources. A valuable resource for Latin teachers and active users of the language; the text will be enjoyed even by those with no prior knowledge of Latin.
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  32. Newtonian Spacetime Structure in Light of the Equivalence Principle.Eleanor Knox - 2014 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 65 (4):863-880.
    I argue that the best spacetime setting for Newtonian gravitation (NG) is the curved spacetime setting associated with geometrized Newtonian gravitation (GNG). Appreciation of the ‘Newtonian equivalence principle’ leads us to conclude that the gravitational field in NG itself is a gauge quantity, and that the freely falling frames are naturally identified with inertial frames. In this context, the spacetime structure of NG is represented not by the flat neo-Newtonian connection usually made explicit in formulations, but by the sum of (...)
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  33.  18
    Ethical issues and practical barriers in internet-based suicide prevention research: a review and investigator survey.Eleanor Bailey, Charlotte Mühlmann, Simon Rice, Maja Nedeljkovic, Mario Alvarez-Jimenez, Lasse Sander, Alison L. Calear, Philip J. Batterham & Jo Robinson - 2020 - BMC Medical Ethics 21 (1):1-16.
    Background People who are at elevated risk of suicide stand to benefit from internet-based interventions; however, research in this area is likely impacted by a range of ethical and practical challenges. The aim of this study was to examine the ethical issues and practical barriers associated with clinical studies of internet-based interventions for suicide prevention. Method This was a mixed-methods study involving two phases. First, a systematic search was conducted to identify studies evaluating internet-based interventions for people at risk of (...)
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  34.  45
    Experience and Prediction.Eleanor Bisbee - 1938 - Philosophy of Science 5 (3):360-366.
  35.  22
    Multinomial modeling and the measurement of cognitive processes.David M. Riefer & William H. Batchelder - 1988 - Psychological Review 95 (3):318-339.
  36. Postmodernism and the postcolonial world.Eleanor Byrne - 2005 - In Stuart Sim (ed.), The Routledge Companion to Postmodernism. Routledge.
     
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  37.  7
    Ancient Greek Scholarship: A Guide to Finding, Reading and Understanding Scholia: A Guide to Finding, Reading and Understanding Scholia, Commentaries, Lexica, and Grammatical Treatises, From Their Beginnings to the Byzantine Period.Eleanor Dickey - 2007 - Oxford University Press USA.
    Ancient greek sholarship constitutes a precious resource for classicists, but one that is underutilized because graduate students and even mature scholars lack familiarity with its conventions. The peculiarities of scholarly Greek and the lack of translations or scholarly aids often discourages readers from exploiting the large body of commentaries, scholia, lexica, and grammatical treatises that have been preserved on papyrus and via the manuscript tradition. Now, for the first time, there is an introduction to such scholarship that will enable students (...)
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  38.  13
    Ancient Greek Scholarship: A Guide to Finding, Reading and Understanding Scholia: Commentaries, Lexica, and Grammatical Treatises, From.Eleanor Dickey - 2007 - Oxford University Press USA.
    Ancient greek sholarship constitutes a precious resource for classicists, but one that is underutilized because graduate students and even mature scholars lack familiarity with its conventions. The peculiarities of scholarly Greek and the lack of translations or scholarly aids often discourages readers from exploiting the large body of commentaries, scholia, lexica, and grammatical treatises that have been preserved on papyrus and via the manuscript tradition. Now, for the first time, there is an introduction to such scholarship that will enable students (...)
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  39.  17
    Creative Collaborations with Machines.Eleanor Sandry - 2017 - Philosophy and Technology 30 (3):305-319.
    This paper analyzes creative practice including virtual music composition by a human and sets of computer programs, improvisation of music and dance in human-robot ensembles, and drawings produced by a human and a robotic arm. In all of these examples, the paper argues that creativity arises from a process of human-robot collaboration. Human influences on the machines involved exist at many levels, from initial creation and programming, via processes of reprogramming and setup of underlying data and parameters, to engagement throughout (...)
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  40.  20
    The Prayers We Breathe: Embodying the Gift of Life in the Maternal Feminine.".Eleanor Sanderson - 2013 - In Lenart Škof (ed.), Breathing with Luce Irigaray. New York: Bloomsbury Academic. pp. 50.
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  41.  9
    Forgiveness Mediates the Relationship Between Middle Frontal Gyrus Volume and Clinical Symptoms in Adolescents.Eleanor M. Schuttenberg, Jennifer T. Sneider, David H. Rosmarin, Julia E. Cohen-Gilbert, Emily N. Oot, Anna M. Seraikas, Elena R. Stein, Arkadiy L. Maksimovskiy, Sion K. Harris & Marisa M. Silveri - 2022 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 16.
    Dispositional forgiveness is positively associated with many facets of wellbeing and has protective implications against depression and anxiety in adolescents. However, little work has been done to examine neurobiological aspects of forgiveness as they relate to clinical symptoms. In order to better understand the neural mechanisms supporting the protective role of forgiveness in adolescents, the current study examined the middle frontal gyrus, which comprises the majority of the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex and is associated with cognitive regulation, and its relationship to (...)
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  42.  62
    George Steiner comments on the significance of violence in twentieth-century life.Eleanor Wachtel & George Steiner - 1994 - The Chesterton Review 20 (2/3):361-373.
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  43. Introduction.Eleanor Peters - 2023 - In Music in crime, resistance, and identity. New York, NY: Routledge.
     
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  44.  32
    “Girls Are as Good as Boys at Math” Implies That Boys Are Probably Better: A Study of Expressions of Gender Equality.Eleanor K. Chestnut & Ellen M. Markman - 2018 - Cognitive Science 42 (7):2229-2249.
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  45.  28
    Motion parallax as a determinant of perceived depth.Eleanor J. Gibson, James J. Gibson, Olin W. Smith & Howard Flock - 1959 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 58 (1):40.
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  46.  25
    Simone de Beauvoir's Philosophy of Lived Experience: Literature and Metaphysics.Eleanore Holveck - 2001 - Rowman & Littlefield Publishers.
    In Simone de Beauvoir's Philosophy of Lived Experience, Eleanore Holveck presents Simone de Beauvoir's theory of literature and metaphysics, including its relationship to the philosophers Edmund Husserl, Martin Heidegger, Immanuel Kant, Maurice Merleau-Ponty, and Jean-Paul Sartre, with references to the literary tradition of Goethe, Maurice Barr_s, Arthur Rimbaud, AndrZ Breton, and Paul Nizan. The book provides a detailed philosophical analysis of Beauvoir's early short stories and several major novels, including The Mandarins and L'invitZe.
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  47. Philosophy in the age of crisis.Eleanor Kuykendall - 1970 - New York,: Harper & Row.
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  48.  24
    Hopkins' "Windhover" and Southwell's Hawk.Eleanor - 1962 - Renascence 15 (1):21-22.
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  49.  16
    Taking Spectacle Seriously: Wildlife Film and the Legacy of Natural History Display.Eleanor Louson - 2018 - Science in Context 31 (1):15-38.
    ArgumentI argue through an analysis of spectacle that the relationship between wildlife documentary films’ entertainment and educational mandates is complex and co-constitutive. Accuracy-based criticism of wildlife films reveals assumptions of a deficit model of science communication and positions spectacle as an external commercial pressure influencing the genre. Using thePlanet Earth series as a case study, I describe spectacle's prominence within the recent blue-chip renaissance in wildlife film, resulting from technological innovations and twenty-first-century consumer and broadcast market contexts. I connect spectacle (...)
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  50. Genetic control of cell communication in C. elegans development.Eleanor M. Maine & Judith Kimble - 1990 - Bioessays 12 (6):265-271.
    Cell communication is crucial for many aspects of growth and differentiation during the development of the nematode Caenorhabditis elegans. Two genes, glp‐1 and lin‐12, mediate a number of known cell–cell interactions. Genetic and molecular analyses of these two genes lead to the conclusion that they are structurally and functionally related. We summarize these studies as well as those involving the identification of other genes that interact with glp‐1 and / or lin‐12.
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