Results for 'Electronic digital computers'

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  1.  31
    The 'Hyperbola of Quantum Chemistry': the Changing Practice and Identity of a Scientific Discipline in the Early Years of Electronic Digital Computers, 1945-65.Buhm Soon B. S. Park - 2003 - Annals of Science 60 (3):219-247.
    In 1965, John A. Pope presented a paper entitled 'Two-Dimensional Chart of Quantum Chemistry' to illustrate the inverse relationship between the sophistication of computational methods and the size of molecules under study. This chart, later called the 'hyperbola of quantum chemistry', succinctly summarized the growing tension between the proponents of two different approaches to computation–the ab initio method and semiempirical method–in the early years of electronic digital computers. Examining the development of quantum chemistry after World War II, (...)
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  2.  17
    Burks Arthur W.. The logic of programming electronic digital computers. Industrial mathematics , vol. 1 , pp. 36–52.A. M. Turing - 1953 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 18 (2):179-179.
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  3.  18
    The Preparation of Programs for an Electronic Digital Computer, with Special Reference to the "EDSAC" and the Use of a Library of Subroutines. Maurice V. Wilkes, David J. Wheeler, Stanley Gill. [REVIEW]Bernard O. Williams - 1986 - Isis 77 (1):157-157.
  4.  20
    The Preparation of Programs for an Electronic Digital Computer, with Special Reference to the "EDSAC" and the Use of a Library of Subroutines by Maurice V. Wilkes; David J. Wheeler; Stanley Gill. [REVIEW]Bernard Williams - 1986 - Isis 77:157-157.
  5.  12
    Review: Arthur W. Burks, The Logic of Programming Electronic Digital Computers[REVIEW]A. M. Turing - 1953 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 18 (2):179-179.
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  6. How Downwards Causation Occurs in Digital Computers.George Ellis - manuscript
    Digital computers carry out algorithms coded in high level programs. These abstract entities determine what happens at the physical level: they control whether electrons flow through specific transistors at specific times or not, entailing downward causation in both the logical and implementation hierarchies. This paper explores how this is possible in the light of the alleged causal completeness of physics at the bottom level, and highlights the mechanism that enables strong emergence (the manifest causal effectiveness of application programs) (...)
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  7.  26
    How Downwards Causation Occurs in Digital Computers.George Ellis & Barbara Drossel - 2019 - Foundations of Physics 49 (11):1253-1277.
    Digital computers carry out algorithms coded in high level programs. These abstract entities determine what happens at the physical level: they control whether electrons flow through specific transistors at specific times or not, entailing downward causation in both the logical and implementation hierarchies. This paper explores how this is possible in the light of the alleged causal completeness of physics at the bottom level, and highlights the mechanism that enables strong emergence to occur. Although synchronic emergence of higher (...)
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  8.  22
    R. H. Urbano and R. K. Mueller. A topological method for the determination of the minimal forms of a Boolean function. Transactions of the IRE Professional. Group on Electronic Computers, vol. EC-5 no. 3 , pp. 126–132. - David M. Brender. The logical procedures needed for finding the minimals of a Boolean function on a digital computer. Summaries of talks presented at the Summer Institute for Symbolic Logic, Cornell University, 1957, 2nd edn., Communications Research Division, Institute for Defense Analyses, Princeton, N.J., 1960, p. 210. [REVIEW]Thomas H. Mott - 1960 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 25 (4):370-373.
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  9.  32
    R. H. Urbano and R. K. Mueller. A topological method for the determination of the minimal forms of a Boolean function. Transactions of the IRE Professional. Group on Electronic Computers, vol. EC-5 no. 3 , pp. 126–132. - David M. Brender. The logical procedures needed for finding the minimals of a Boolean function on a digital computer. Summaries of talks presented at the Summer Institute for Symbolic Logic, Cornell University, 1957, 2nd edn., Communications Research Division, Institute for Defense Analyses, Princeton, N.J., 1960, p. 210. [REVIEW]Thomas H. Mott - 1960 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 25 (4):368-370.
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  10.  9
    Electronic Performance Monitoring in the Digital Workplace: Conceptualization, Review of Effects and Moderators, and Future Research Opportunities.Thomas Kalischko & René Riedl - 2021 - Frontiers in Psychology 12:633031.
    The rise of digital and interconnected technology within the workplace, including programs that facilitate monitoring and surveillance of employees is unstoppable. The COVID-19-induced lockdowns and the resulting increase in home office adoption even increased this trend. Apart from major benefits that may come along with such information and communication technologies (e.g., productivity increases, better resource planning, and increased worker safety), they also enable comprehensive Electronic Performance Monitoring (EPM) which may also have negative effects (e.g., increased stress and a (...)
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  11.  16
    Ethical implications of electronic still cameras and computer digital imaging in the print media.Douglas Parker - 1988 - Journal of Mass Media Ethics 3 (2):47 – 59.
    Imagine you are an editor at a well respected national magazine with a rich history in photojournalism. The magazine is ready for publication but there is a problem with the cover. The photograph chosen for the cover does not quite fit the vertical format of the magazine and no other picture has all the qualities to best illustrate the cover story. No problem! With a computer, an operator simply moves the objects in the photograph closer together to fit the magazine (...)
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  12. Why the mind isn't a program (But some digital computer might have a mind).Mark Okrent, E. Smith & J. Doe - 1996 - Electronic Journal of Analytic Philosophy 4 (1):23-45.
  13.  8
    The Digital Evolution: Visual Communication in the Electronic Age : Essays, Lectures, and Interviews, 1967-1998.A. D. Coleman - 1998
    Widely recognized as America's premiere photography critic, Coleman took an interest in emerging digital technologies long before his colleagues. In fact, the earliest text in this new book of essays concerning the advent of electronic media is from 1967. The intervening thirty years have found Coleman returning to topics such as digitized images, the shifting concept of intellectual property, the impact of computers on photography as a whole, and the social implications of the Internet and World Wide (...)
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  14.  40
    Electronic texts are computations are electronic texts.Herbert Hrachovec - 2000 - Journal of Philosophy of Education 34 (1):169–181.
    The notion of ‘electronic texts’ has gained universal currency. What, exactly, does this phrase refer to? Most authors answer by describing a set of surface characteristics resulting from the application of computer technology to traditional texts. Such depictions, I want to argue, can be seriously misleading. They presuppose a conventional understanding of ‘text’ in order to make sense of the phenomenon of digitised inscriptions. The simple choice of the phrase ‘electronic text’ suppresses the radical challenge raised by the (...)
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  15.  8
    Electronic Texts are Computations are Electronic Texts.Herbert Hrachovec - 2000 - Journal of Philosophy of Education 34 (1):169-181.
    The notion of ‘electronic texts’ has gained universal currency. What, exactly, does this phrase refer to? Most authors answer by describing a set of surface characteristics resulting from the application of computer technology to traditional texts. Such depictions, I want to argue, can be seriously misleading. They presuppose a conventional understanding of ‘text’ in order to make sense of the phenomenon of digitised inscriptions. The simple choice of the phrase ‘electronic text’ suppresses the radical challenge raised by the (...)
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  16.  37
    Digital Dinosaurs and Artificial Life: Exploring the Culture of Nature in Computer and Video Games.John Wills - 2002 - Cultural Values 6 (4):395-417.
    Over the last 30 years, the computer and videogame has emerged as a popular recreational pastime. While often associated with the artificial and alien, it is my contention that the modern videogame informs on the subject of “nature” and what we consider to be natural. This article delineates some of the “natures” posited in computer game design. It provides a valuable overview of gaming culture and might serve as an introduction to further research on specific game genres. It argues that (...)
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  17.  18
    Review: Jussi Parikka, Digital Contagions: A Media Archaeology of Computer Viruses. [REVIEW]Roger Whitson - 2017 - Theory, Culture and Society 34 (7-8):293-298.
    The second edition of Jussi Parikka’s Digital Contagions: A Media Archaeology of Computer Viruses is both a welcome reissue of a canonical text in media archaeology and an important intervention into contemporary techno-political crises like cyberwarfare. Parikka’s book shows how viruses are central to the history of networked computing, while articulating their social connections to political, medical, and cultural discourses. For him, the notion of contagion in digital networks is inseparable from the rise of the computing security industry (...)
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  18.  31
    Ones and Zeros: Understanding Boolean Algebra, Digital Circuits, and the Logic of Sets.John Gregg - 1998 - IEEE Pres.
    This book explains, in lay terms, the surprisingly simple system of mathematical logic used in digital computer circuitry. Anecdotal in its style and often funny, it follows the development of this logic system from its origins in Victorian England to its rediscovery in this century as the foundation of all modern computing machinery. ONES AND ZEROS will be enjoyed by anyone who has a general interest in science and technology.
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  19.  32
    Logic and Computer Design Fundamentals.M. Morris Mano, Charles R. Kime & Tom Martin - 2000 - Prentice-Hall.
    "Offering integrated coverage of both digital and computer design, this text offers well-organized, concise, yet comprehensive content, presented from a contemporary engineering viewpoint. Understanding of the material is supported by clear explanations and a progressive development of examples ranging from sample combinatorial applications to a CISC architecture built upon a RISC core. A thorough coverage of traditional topics is combined with increased attention to computer-aided design, problem formulation, solution verification, and the building of problem-solving skills."--BOOK JACKET.
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  20.  17
    Computer Logic.Alan Rose - 1978 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 43 (2):381-382.
  21.  3
    Basic Computer Logic.John R. Scott - 1981 - Free Press.
  22.  12
    Digital Well-Being as a New Kind of Adaptation to the New Millennium Needs: A State-of-the-Art Analysis.Alessandro De Santis & Stefania Fantinelli - 2023 - Elementa 3 (1-2):135-151.
    Since technology has been entering into human beings’ everyday life, individuals established a deep relationship with digital technology, thus an embodied link between people and digital instruments has been born. This is particularly evidenced by recent literature about screen time (duration of time spent by the individual in using electronic/digital media like television, smartphone, tablet or computer), it significantly influences different human beings’ dimensions: physical, psychological and neurological functions. Impact of digital technology on human beings (...)
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  23. Electronic Coins.Craig Warmke - 2022 - Cryptoeconomic Systems 2 (1).
    In the bitcoin whitepaper, Satoshi Nakamoto (2008: 2) defines an electronic coin as a chain of digital signatures. Many have since defined a bitcoin as a chain of digital signatures. This latter definition continues to appear in reports from central banks, advocacy centers, and governments, as well as in academic papers across the disciplines of law, economics, computer science, cryptography, management, and philosophy. Some have even used it to argue that what we now call bitcoin is not (...)
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  24. Part VII. Towards renewed political life and citizenship: 19. electronic voting and computer security.Stephan Brunessaux - 2010 - In Bernard Reber & Claire Brossaud (eds.), Digital cognitive technologies: epistemology and the knowledge economy. Hoboken, NJ: Wiley.
     
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  25.  91
    Meaningful electronic signatures based on an automatic indexing method.Maxime Wack, Ahmed Nait-Sidi-Moh, Sid Lamrous & Nathanael Cottin - 2006 - Artificial Intelligence and Law 14 (3):161-175.
    Legal information certification and secured storage combined with documents electronic signature are of great interest when digital documents security and conservation are in concern. Therefore, these new and evolving technologies offer powerful abilities, such as identification, authentication and certification. The latter contribute to increase the global security of legal digital archives conservation and access. However, currently used cryptographic and hash coding concepts cannot intrinsically enclose cognitive information about both the signer and the signed content. Indeed, an evolution (...)
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  26.  3
    Digital Photography for Dummies.Julie Adair King & Serge Timacheff - 2008 - For Dummies.
    Your digital camera can do so much! And Digital Photography For Dummies, 6th Edition helps you shoot, edit, and share great photos. This full-color guide is packed with stuff that’s not in your camera manual — tips on upgrading your equipment, working with focus and exposure, shooting like a pro, organizing and enhancing your images, and printing them or getting them online. Are you already you’re hip-deep in images? Here’s how to manage them. This guide helps you learn (...)
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  27.  42
    Electronic commerce and free speech.Jessica Litman - 1999 - Ethics and Information Technology 1 (3):213-225.
    For commercial purveyors of digital speech, information and entertainment, the biggest threat posed by the Internet isn''t the threat of piracy, but the threat posed by free speech -- speech that doesn''t cost any money. Free speech has the potential to squeeze out expensive speech. A glut of high quality free stuff has the potential to run companies in the business of selling speech out of business. We haven''t had to worry about this before, because speaking in a meaningful (...)
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  28.  50
    Digital disability divide in information society.Neeraj Sachdeva, Anne-Marie Tuikka, Kai Kristian Kimppa & Reima Suomi - 2015 - Journal of Information, Communication and Ethics in Society 13 (3/4):283-298.
    Purpose– The purpose of this paper is to create a conceptual framework, based on a structured literature review, to analyze the digital disability divide and help find solutions for it. A digital disability divide exists between people with impairments and those without impairments. Multiple studies have shown that people without impairments are less likely to own a computer or have an Internet connection than are people with impairments. However, the digital disability divide is seen in relation not (...)
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  29.  1
    Digital music art through the prism of interdisciplinarity.Пирязева Е.Н - 2020 - Philosophy and Culture (Russian Journal) 12:25-39.
    The processes taking place in modern science tend to integrate various scientific disciplines in studying any scientific phenomenon. This explains the search of methodology based on the techniques of different sciences involved in formation of the subject of research, which in this article is represented by the digital music art. Interpreted as a branch of music art with digital specificity, digital music art incorporates electronic music presented by specific, algorithmic, and electronic music. A signature characteristic (...)
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  30. The Essential Turing: Seminal Writings in Computing, Logic, Philosophy, Artificial Intelligence, and Artificial Life: Plus the Secrets of Enigma.Jack Copeland (ed.) - 2004 - Oxford University Press.
    Alan M. Turing, pioneer of computing and WWII codebreaker, is one of the most important and influential thinkers of the twentieth century. In this volume for the first time his key writings are made available to a broad, non-specialist readership. They make fascinating reading both in their own right and for their historic significance: contemporary computational theory, cognitive science, artificial intelligence, and artificial life all spring from this ground-breaking work, which is also rich in philosophical and logical insight. An introduction (...)
     
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  31.  11
    Sonic technologies: popular music, digital culture and the creative process.Robert Strachan - 2017 - New York, NY: Bloomsbury Academic.
    In the past two decades digital technologies have fundamentally changed the way we think about, make and use popular music. From the production of multimillion selling pop records to the ubiquitous remix that has become a marker of Web 2.0, the emergence of new music production technologies have had a transformative effect upon 21st Century digital culture. Sonic Technologies examines these issues with a specific focus upon the impact of digitization upon creativity; that is, what musicians, cultural producers (...)
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  32.  10
    Reading Gauss in the Computer Age: On the U.S. Reception of Gauss’s Number Theoretical Work (1938–1989).Maarten Bullynck - 2009 - Archive for History of Exact Sciences 63 (5):553-580.
    C.F Gauss’s computational work in number theory attracted renewed interest in the twentieth century due to, on the one hand, the edition of Gauss’s Werke, and, on the other hand, the birth of the digital electronic computer. The involvement of the U.S. American mathematicians Derrick Henry Lehmer and Daniel Shanks with Gauss’s work is analysed, especially their continuation of work on topics as arccotangents, factors of n2 + a2, composition of binary quadratic forms. In general, this strand in (...)
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  33.  25
    The elephant in the room: a postphenomenological view on the electronic health record and its impact on the clinical encounter.Tania Moerenhout, Gary S. Fischer & Ignaas Devisch - 2020 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 23 (2):227-236.
    Use of electronic health records within clinical encounters is increasingly pervasive. The digital record allows for data storage and sharing to facilitate patient care, billing, research, patient communication and quality-of-care improvement—all at once. However, this multifunctionality is also one of the main reasons care providers struggle with the EHR. These problems have often been described but are rarely approached from a philosophical point of view. We argue that a postphenomenological case study of the EHR could lead to more (...)
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  34.  31
    From computerised thing to digital being: mission (Im)possible?Julija Kiršienė, Edita Gruodytė & Darius Amilevičius - 2021 - AI and Society 36 (2):547-560.
    Artificial intelligence (AI) is one of the main drivers of what has been described as the “Fourth Industrial Revolution”, as well as the most innovative technology developed to date. It is a pervasive transformative innovation, which needs a new approach. In 2017, the European Parliament introduced the notion of the “electronic person”, which sparked huge debates in philosophical, legal, technological, and other academic settings. The issues related to AI should be examined from an interdisciplinary perspective. In this paper, we (...)
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  35.  35
    Brains-in-vats, giant brains and world brains: the brain as metaphor in digital culture.Charlie Gere - 2004 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences 35 (2):351-366.
    This paper argues that the ‘brain’ has become a frequently invoked and symptomatic source of metaphorical imagery in our current technologically mediated and dominated culture, through which the distinction between the human and the technological has been and continues to be negotiated, particularly in the context of the increasing ubiquity of electronic and digital technologies. This negotiation has thrown up three distinct, though interrelated, figures. One is the ‘Brain in a Vat’, in which the brain can connect to (...)
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  36.  84
    Authenticity in the age of digital companions.Sherry Turkle - 2007 - Interaction Studies 8 (3):501-517.
    The first generation of children to grow up with electronic toys and games saw computers as our “nearest neighbors.” They spoke of computers as rational machines and of people as emotional machines, a fragile formulation destined to be challenged. By the mid-1990s, computational creatures, including robots, were presenting themselves as “relational artifacts,” beings with feelings and needs. One consequence of this development is a crisis in authenticity in many quarters. In an increasing number of situations, people behave (...)
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  37.  56
    Authenticity in the age of digital companions.Sherry Turkle - 2007 - Interaction Studies. Social Behaviour and Communication in Biological and Artificial Systemsinteraction Studies / Social Behaviour and Communication in Biological and Artificial Systemsinteraction Studies 8 (3):501-517.
    The first generation of children to grow up with electronic toys and games saw computers as our “nearest neighbors.” They spoke of computers as rational machines and of people as emotional machines, a fragile formulation destined to be challenged. By the mid-1990s, computational creatures, including robots, were presenting themselves as “relational artifacts,” beings with feelings and needs. One consequence of this development is a crisis in authenticity in many quarters. In an increasing number of situations, people behave (...)
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  38. Is the brain a digital computer?John R. Searle - 1990 - Proceedings and Addresses of the American Philosophical Association 64 (3):21-37.
    There are different ways to present a Presidential Address to the APA; the one I have chosen is simply to report on work that I am doing right now, on work in progress. I am going to present some of my further explorations into the computational model of the mind.\**.
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  39.  4
    The community and the algorithm: a digital interactive poetics.Andrew Klobucar (ed.) - 2021 - Wilmington, Delaware, United States: Vernon Press.
    Digital media presents an array of interesting challenges adapting new modes of collaborative, online communication to traditional writing and literary practices at the practical and theoretical levels. For centuries, popular concepts of the modern author, regardless of genre, have emphasized writing as a solo exercise in human communication, while the act of reading remains associated with solitude and individual privacy. "The Community and the Algorithm: A Digital Interactive Poetics" explores important cultural changes in these relationships thanks to the (...)
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  40. How Digital Computer Simulations Explain Real‐World Processes.Ulrich Krohs - 2008 - International Studies in the Philosophy of Science 22 (3):277 – 292.
    Scientists of many disciplines use theoretical models to explain and predict the dynamics of the world. They often have to rely on digital computer simulations to draw predictions fromthe model. But to deliver phenomenologically adequate results, simulations deviate from the assumptions of the theoretical model. Therefore the role of simulations in scientific explanation demands itself an explanation. This paper analyzes the relation between real-world system, theoretical model, and simulation. It is argued that simulations do not explain processes in the (...)
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  41.  75
    Concrete digital computation: competing accounts and its role in cognitive science.Nir Fresco - 2013 - Dissertation, University of New South Wales
    There are currently considerable confusion and disarray about just how we should view computationalism, connectionism and dynamicism as explanatory frameworks in cognitive science. A key source of this ongoing conflict among the central paradigms in cognitive science is an equivocation on the notion of computation simpliciter. ‘Computation’ is construed differently by computationalism, connectionism, dynamicism and computational neuroscience. I claim that these central paradigms, properly understood, can contribute to an integrated cognitive science. Yet, before this claim can be defended, a better (...)
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  42. Thought, Sign and Machine - the Idea of the Computer Reconsidered.Niels Ole Finnemann - 1999 - Copenhagen: Danish Original: Akademisk Forlag 1994. Tanke, Sprog og Maskine..
    Throughout what is now the more than 50-year history of the computer many theories have been advanced regarding the contribution this machine would make to changes both in the structure of society and in ways of thinking. Like other theories regarding the future, these should also be taken with a pinch of salt. The history of the development of computer technology contains many predictions which have failed to come true and many applications that have not been foreseen. While we must (...)
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  43.  19
    Digital/computational phenotyping: What are the differences in the science and the ethics?Nina Hallowell & Federica Lucivero - 2021 - Big Data and Society 8 (2).
    The concept of ‘digital phenotyping’ was originally developed by researchers in the mental health field, but it has travelled to other disciplines and areas. This commentary draws upon our experiences of working in two scientific projects that are based at the University of Oxford’s Big Data Institute – The RADAR-AD project and The Minerva Initiative – which are developing algorithmic phenotyping technologies. We describe and analyse the concepts of digital biomarkers and computational phenotyping that underlie these projects, explain (...)
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  44.  25
    We Are Digitized Long Before We Have Computers.Yun Xia - 2007 - American Journal of Semiotics 23 (1-4):353-372.
    As two fundamental modes of communication, analog and digital communication are not only ways of information transmission but also two mental habits in our perception and representation of the perception in the creation of communication sign systems. In a broader sense, analog and digital communication are not only for electronic communication or high technology computer networking communication. Language is featured by both analog and digital communication,especially in the development of the writing system. The development of the (...)
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  45.  10
    We Are Digitized Long Before We Have Computers.Yun Xia - 2007 - American Journal of Semiotics 23 (1-4):353-372.
    As two fundamental modes of communication, analog and digital communication are not only ways of information transmission but also two mental habits in our perception and representation of the perception in the creation of communication sign systems. In a broader sense, analog and digital communication are not only for electronic communication or high technology computer networking communication. Language is featured by both analog and digital communication,especially in the development of the writing system. The development of the (...)
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  46. Analog vs. digital computation.David J. Chalmers - manuscript
    It is fairly well-known that certain hard computational problems (that is, 'difficult' problems for a digital processor to solve) can in fact be solved much more easily with an analog machine. This raises questions about the true nature of the distinction between analog and digital computation (if such a distinction exists). I try to analyze the source of the observed difference in terms of (1) expanding parallelism and (2) more generally, infinite-state Turing machines. The issue of discreteness vs (...)
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  47.  91
    Between Art and Gameness: Critical Theory and Computer Game Aesthetics.Graeme Kirkpatrick - 2007 - Thesis Eleven 89 (1):74-93.
    This article argues that the computer game can be a locus of aesthetic form in contemporary culture. The context for understanding this claim is the decline of the artwork as bearer of form in the late 20th century, as this was understood by Adorno. Form is the enigmatic other of instrumental reason that emerges spontaneously in creative works and, in the modern era, is defined as that which makes them captivating and enigmatic yet resistant to analytic understanding. Clarification of the (...)
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  48. Digital computers versus dynamical systems: A conflation of distinctions.Gerard O'Brien - 1998 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 21 (5):648-649.
    The distinction at the heart of van Gelder’s target article is one between digital computers and dynamical systems. But this distinction conflates two more fundamental distinctions in cognitive science that should be keep apart. When this conflation is undone, it becomes apparent that the “computational hypothesis” (CH) is not as dominant in contemporary cognitive science as van Gelder contends; nor has the “dynamical hypothesis” (DH) been neglected.
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  49.  1
    Nurture by Tetris: On the Ideological Foundations of the Soviet Computer Game.A. D. Muzhdaba & A. O. Tsarev - 2020 - Sociology of Power 32 (3):114-141.
    The authors attempt to speculatively reconstruct the concept of the “So­viet computer game”. They propose to consider gaming practices associ­ated with computers as a derivative of the accepted ideological guidelines that accompany the Soviet project of machine modernization. Within this framework, the concept of the Soviet computer game appears as an unre­alized historical alternative to the normative game design that has devel­oped in countries with market economies. Despite the industry — or the electronic entertainment market — not having (...)
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  50.  38
    Mind, Brain and Intellectual Machine in the Digital Age.Abby Thomas - 2008 - Proceedings of the Xxii World Congress of Philosophy 34:49-55.
    In this presentation we shall discuss the nature of mind vis-a-vis the brain and computers. Such a comparison presumes a general equivalence of brains and computers and models the brain as a huge biological computer, with consciousness added. The uniqueness of Mind in the lines of ancient Indian thought has been accpted as the basic concept in the analysis. Regarding the chief difference between mind and brain, material of the mind is taken to be subtle matter.The brain is (...)
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