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  1.  14
    The Tangle of Science: Reliability Beyond Method, Rigour, and Objectivity.Nancy Cartwright, Jeremy Hardie, Eleonora Montuschi, Matthew Soleiman & Ann C. Thresher - 2022 - Oxford, GB: Oxford University Press.
    Science is remarkably reliable. It puts people on the moon, performs laser eye surgery, tells us about ancient civilisations and species, and predicts the future of our climate. What underwrites this reliability? This book argues that the standard answers—the scientific method, rigour, and objectivity—are insufficient for the job. Here we propose a new model of science that places its products front and centre. This is the ‘Tangle of Science’. In this book we show how any reliable piece of science is (...)
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  2. Scientific objectivity.Eleonora Montuschi - 2014 - In Nancy Cartwright & Eleonora Montuschi (eds.), Philosophy of Social Science: A New Introduction. Oxford University Press.
     
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  3.  36
    Expertise, Relevance and Types of Knowledge.Pierluigi Barrotta & Eleonora Montuschi - 2018 - Social Epistemology 32 (6):387-396.
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  4. The dam project : who are the experts? : a philosophical lesson from the Vajont disaster.Pierluigi Barrotta & Eleonora Montuschi - 2018 - In Pierluigi Barrotta & Giovanni Scarafile (eds.), Science and democracy: controversies and conflicts. John Benjamins.
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  5.  59
    Using science, making policy: what should we worry about?Eleonora Montuschi - 2017 - European Journal for Philosophy of Science 7 (1):57-78.
    How does science enter policy making, and for what purpose? Surely consulting scientific facts in making policy is done with a view to making policy decisions more reliable, and ultimately more objective. In this paper I address the way/s by which science contributes to achieving objectivity in policy making and social debate, and argue that objectivity is not exhausted by what scientific evidence contributes to either. In policy making and social debates, scientific evidence is taken into account alongside other relevant (...)
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  6. Questions of evidence in evidence-based policy.Eleonora Montuschi - 2009 - Axiomathes 19 (4):425-439.
    Evidence-based approaches to policy-making are growing in popularity. A generally embraced view is that with the appropriate evidence at hand, decision and policy making will be optimal, legitimate and publicly accountable. In practice, however, evidence-based policy making is constrained by a variety of problems of evidence. Some of these problems will be explored in this article, in the context of the debates on evidence from which they originate. It is argued that the source of much disagreement might be a failure (...)
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  7.  39
    Philosophy of Social Science: A New Introduction.Nancy Cartwright & Eleonora Montuschi (eds.) - 2014 - Oxford, United Kingdom: Oxford University Press.
    This is a much-needed new introduction to a field that has been transformed in recent years by exciting new subjects, ideas, and methods. It is designed for students in both philosophy and the social sciences. Topics include ontology, objectivity, method, measurement, and causal inference, and such issues as well-being and climate change.
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  8.  32
    The objects of social science.Eleonora Montuschi - 2003 - New York: Continuum.
    Using a range of examples from specific social sciences, the book both identifies the practical and theoretical procedures involved in the identification of the ...
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  9.  53
    Metaphor in science.Eleonora Montuschi - 2000 - In William Newton-Smith (ed.), A Companion to the Philosophy of Science. Oxford: Blackwell Publishing. pp. 277-282.
    It is widely acknowledged that metaphors are used in science. Great scientists, such as Darwin and Einstein, believed that the use of metaphors is vital to the development of scientific ideas. The history of science is full of examples of scientific metaphors as tools at the forefront of discoveries of new facts and new concepts.
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  10.  20
    What is Wrong with Talking of Metaphors in Science?Eleonora Montuschi - 1995 - In Zdravko Radman (ed.), From a Metaphorical Point of View: A Multidisciplinary Approach to the Cognitive Content of Metaphor. De Gruyter. pp. 309-328.
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  11.  15
    Understanding What in Public Understanding of Science.Eleonora Montuschi & Baptiste Bedessem - forthcoming - Perspectives on Science:1-23.
    What should citizens understand about science to participate in democratic life? Against the prevailing approach, we argue that “what” a public understanding of science is about strongly depends on the specific epistemological nature of the science related issues considered in different contexts and circumstances. We identify three specific categories of such issues and show how, equally, specific models of public understanding are required to address them. Only by endorsing such an alternative approach will citizens arguably be able to form sound (...)
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  12.  2
    Le metafore scientifiche.Eleonora Montuschi - 1993
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  13. Rethinking objectivity in social science.Eleonora Montuschi - 2004 - Social Epistemology 18 (2-3):109-122.
    By presenting a number of concrete examples, this paper aims at soliciting a reflection on how social phenomena become the ?objects of a science? by being classified in specific ways, to answer specific questions, in different social sciences. This is in view of arguing that the objectivity of the procedures by which social scientific objects are identified and classified can only be assessed in relation to the actual questions addressed and formulated about these objects ? rather than by referring back (...)
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  14. Special Issue: Selected Papers from the ENPOSS Meeting, Venice 3-4 September 2013.Julie Zahle, Byron Kaldis, Alban Bouvier, Paul Roth, Eleonora Montuschi, James Bohman, Stephen Turner, Alison Wylie & Jesus Zamora-Bonilla - 2014 - Philosophy of the Social Sciences 44 (1).
     
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  15.  4
    La filosofia della scienza in Italia.Pierluigi Barrotta & Eleonora Montuschi (eds.) - 2019 - Roma: Armando editore.
    La filosofia della scienza ha da sempre avuto il compito di gettare un ponte tra la cultura scientifica e la cultura umanistica. Tuttavia, negli ultimi decenni si è notato un fenomeno che non si concilia facilmente con il compito che le viene attribuito. Ci riferiamo alla sua crescente frammentazione. Il libro vuole fare il punto della situazione grazie agli interventi di oltre quindici filosofi della scienza italiani che hanno svolto ricerche specialistiche nei più svariati campi scientifici.
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  16.  15
    Aspects of social ontology.Eleonora Montuschi - 2004 - Oltrecorrente 9.
  17.  3
    Evidence, objectivity, social policy.Eleonora Montuschi - 2010 - In Viola Enrico (ed.), Epistemologies and Knowledge Society: New and Old Challenges for 21st-century Europe. Nemesis Publisher.
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  18.  1
    Evidence, objectivity, social policy.Eleonora Montuschi - 2010 - In Enrico Viola (ed.), Epistemologies and Knowledge Society: New and Old Challenges for 21st-century Europe.
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  19.  17
    Finding a context for objectivity.Eleonora Montuschi - 2020 - Synthese 199 (1-2):4061-4076.
    Several and repeated attempts have been made to say what objectivity consists of and why it should be pursued in research. In the first part of this paper two main strategies are singled out, sharing the assumption that there is a way objectivity can be thought of in the abstract, and that it can be instantiated in context—and in enough contexts to justify the abstract case. But not only is this assumption open to the objection that objectivity so conceived does (...)
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  20.  9
    Modi del riferimento nell'epistemologia lockiana.Eleonora Montuschi - 1990 - Rivista di Storia Della Filosofia 45 (2):225.
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  21.  49
    Metaphor in social science.Eleonora Montuschi - 1996 - Theoria 11 (1):49-61.
    It is widely acknowledged that scientific discourse is full of metaphors. Does this undermine the commitment of such a discourse to truth and objective knowledge? Does this mean that the scientist (any scientist) is, after all, only a ‘rhetorician in disguise’?In what follows I will try to argue for quite the opposite view. I will show that metaphor is not simply a rhetorical device -at least, in the derogatory sense of rhetoric. There are metaphors which can be used to increment (...)
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  22.  31
    Metaphor in Social Science.Eleonora Montuschi - 1996 - Theoria: Revista de Teoría, Historia y Fundamentos de la Ciencia 11 (1):49-61.
    It is widely acknowledged that scientific discourse is full of metaphors. Does this undermine the commitment of such a discourse to truth and objective knowledge? Does this mean that the scientist is, after all, only a ‘rhetorician in disguise’?In what follows I will try to argue for quite the opposite view. I will show that metaphor is not simply a rhetorical device -at least, in the derogatory sense of rhetoric. There are metaphors which can be used to increment our knowledge, (...)
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  23.  12
    Nature and scientific method. Essays on Francis Bacon's imagery of scientific inquiry.Eleonora Montuschi - 2016 - Milan, Italy: Alboversorio.
    Is language – well beyond formulas and equations – important to science? This book dwells on the role played by Francis Bacon’s rich, original imagery in the early formulation of the new idea of science that would mature and flourish across the XVII century. A selection of Bacon’s key images, metaphors and analogies are analysed with an eye both to the XVI and early XVII century intellectual milieu that inspired them, and to Bacon’s own philosophical vision that creatively transformed them (...)
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  24.  15
    New paradigms of social objects: ontological complexity and methodological trans-disciplinarity.Eleonora Montuschi - 2007 - In .
  25.  2
    New paradigms of social objects: ontological complexity and methodological trans-disciplinarity.Eleonora Montuschi - 2007 - In S. Broutti (ed.), Models for the Human Sciences. Anthropology, Complex Systems and Cognitive Science.
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  26.  19
    Objectivity.Eleonora Montuschi - 2016 - In Lee McIntyre & Alex Rosenberg (eds.), The Routledge Companion to Philosophy of Social Science. New York, USA: Routledge. pp. 281-291.
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  27.  11
    Order, Disorder, Noise.Eleonora Montuschi - manuscript
    A few years ago an interesting exhibition took place in Cambridge under the title ‘N01SE’.2 The title recalls of course the word ‘noise’ but written as ‘N01SE’ it also refers to the binary code which is the basic language of calculators - from the simplest to the most sophisticated,. The title of this exhibition could then be read in two ways. On one side, by playing with the word ‘noise/n01se’, we are presented with the idea that there might be a (...)
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  28.  7
    Order, disorder, noise.Eleonora Montuschi - unknown
    A few years ago an interesting exhibition took place in Cambridge (and London) under the title ‘N01SE’.2 The title recalls of course the word ‘noise’ but written as ‘N01SE’ it also refers to the binary code (with the two numbers 0 and 1) which is the basic language of calculators - from the simplest to the most sophisticated, (eg. contemporary computers). The title of this exhibition could then be read in two ways. On one side, by playing with the word (...)
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  29. Oggettività e scienze umane: introduzione alla filosofia della ricerca sociale.Eleonora Montuschi - 2006 - Roma: Carocci.
  30.  2
    Ordinare il mondo: prospettive logiche ed epistemologiche su scienza, natura e società.Eleonora Montuschi & Pietro Daniel Omodeo (eds.) - 2020 - Roma: Armando editore.
    L’idea di una costruzione logica del mondo (eines logischen Aufbaus der Welt), cruciale per la filosofia della scienza del XX secolo, non è nuova. La tradizione aristotelica ha giocato una parte fondamentale nello stabilire una connessione essenziale fra scienza e logica, come pure più avanti le discussioni filosofiche del primo periodo moderno. Parallelamente, il possibile utilizzo metodologico e pratico della logica ha spesso indirizzato il lavoro dei praticanti dell’arte medica, i pedagogisti, gli enciclopedisti, i riformisti sociali e i primi utilitaristi. (...)
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  31.  21
    Ordering knowledge by methodical doubt: Francis Bacon's constructive scepticism.Eleonora Montuschi - 2012 - Centre for Philosophy of Natural and Social Science, London School of Economics and Political Science.
    Methodical doubt is usually associated with Descartes. However, it is with Francis Bacon that its function and scope are first recognized – as a preliminary stage in the attainment of knowledge, and as an epistemological tool (a rule) for achieving true knowledge. In this paper, I follow the various steps of construction and use of Baconian doubt as it appears in the first book of the New Organon. I will argue that Bacon - in distancing himself from traditional scepticism – (...)
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  32.  31
    Order of Man, Order of Nature: Francis Bacon’s Idea of a ‘Dominion’ Over Nature.Eleonora Montuschi - manuscript
    The image of man’s dominion over nature is deeply rooted in Western thought. It first appears, in different forms, in the Book of Genesis. It also reappears as one of the leading images of the emerging ‘new science’ in the 16th century. Francis Bacon puts particular emphasis on this image, which he takes to be the guiding principle of his new vision of science and practical knowledge. It is this vision which, as is widely acknowledged, will open the path to (...)
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  33.  23
    Order of Man, Order of Nature: Francis Bacon’s Idea of a ‘Dominion’ Over Nature.Eleonora Montuschi - manuscript
    The image of man’s dominion over nature is deeply rooted in Western thought. It first appears, in different forms, in the Book of Genesis. It also reappears as one of the leading images of the emerging ‘new science’ in the 16th century. Francis Bacon puts particular emphasis on this image, which he takes to be the guiding principle of his new vision of science and practical knowledge. It is this vision which, as is widely acknowledged, will open the path to (...)
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  34.  38
    Order of Man, Order of Nature: Francis Bacon’s Idea of a ‘Dominion’ Over Nature.Eleonora Montuschi - manuscript
    The image of man’s dominion over nature is deeply rooted in Western thought. It first appears, in different forms, in the Book of Genesis. It also reappears as one of the leading images of the emerging ‘new science’ in the 16th century. Francis Bacon puts particular emphasis on this image, which he takes to be the guiding principle of his new vision of science and practical knowledge. It is this vision which, as is widely acknowledged, will open the path to (...)
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  35.  8
    Order of Man, Order of Nature: Francis Bacon’s Idea of a ‘Dominion’ Over Nature.Eleonora Montuschi - manuscript
    The image of man’s dominion over nature is deeply rooted in Western thought. It first appears, in different forms, in the Book of Genesis. It also reappears as one of the leading images of the emerging ‘new science’ in the 16th century. Francis Bacon puts particular emphasis on this image, which he takes to be the guiding principle of his new vision of science and practical knowledge. It is this vision which, as is widely acknowledged, will open the path to (...)
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  36.  11
    Order of Man, Order of Nature: Francis Bacon’s Idea of a ‘Dominion’ Over Nature.Eleonora Montuschi - manuscript
    The image of man’s dominion over nature is deeply rooted in Western thought. It first appears, in different forms, in the Book of Genesis. It also reappears as one of the leading images of the emerging ‘new science’ in the 16th century. Francis Bacon puts particular emphasis on this image, which he takes to be the guiding principle of his new vision of science and practical knowledge. It is this vision which, as is widely acknowledged, will open the path to (...)
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  37.  15
    Order of Man, Order of Nature: Francis Bacon’s Idea of a ‘Dominion’ Over Nature.Eleonora Montuschi - manuscript
    The image of man’s dominion over nature is deeply rooted in Western thought. It first appears, in different forms, in the Book of Genesis. It also reappears as one of the leading images of the emerging ‘new science’ in the 16th century. Francis Bacon puts particular emphasis on this image, which he takes to be the guiding principle of his new vision of science and practical knowledge. It is this vision which, as is widely acknowledged, will open the path to (...)
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  38.  7
    Order of Man, Order of Nature: Francis Bacon’s Idea of a ‘Dominion’ Over Nature.Eleonora Montuschi - manuscript
    The image of man’s dominion over nature is deeply rooted in Western thought. It first appears, in different forms, in the Book of Genesis. It also reappears as one of the leading images of the emerging ‘new science’ in the 16th century. Francis Bacon puts particular emphasis on this image, which he takes to be the guiding principle of his new vision of science and practical knowledge. It is this vision which, as is widely acknowledged, will open the path to (...)
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  39.  2
    Order of man, order of nature: Francis Bacon’s idea of a ‘dominion’ over nature.Eleonora Montuschi - 2010 - Centre for Philosophy of Natural and Social Science, London School of Economics and Political Science.
    The image of man’s dominion over nature is deeply rooted in Western thought. It first appears, in different forms, in the Book of Genesis. It also reappears as one of the leading images of the emerging ‘new science’ in the 16th century. Francis Bacon puts particular emphasis on this image, which he takes to be the guiding principle of his new vision of science and practical knowledge. It is this vision which, as is widely acknowledged, will open the path to (...)
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  40.  13
    Pluralism: a curse or a blessing for social order?Eleonora Montuschi - 2011 - Centre for Philosophy of Natural and Social Science, London School of Economics and Political Science.
    There is a sense in which pluralism needs no advocate. It is enough to take a quick look at contemporary science to realise that pluralism is common currency. It is a ‘fact’ that scientific disciplines entail a plurality of approaches, methods, styles of inquiry. It is equally easy to acknowledge how the referents of scientific investigation require a concert of disciplines and a variety of explanatory strategies. So pluralism seems to have both an epistemological and an ontological backing.1 Nor is (...)
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  41.  14
    Philosophy and social science.Eleonora Montuschi - 2006 - In .
    The Continuum Encyclopedia of British Philosophy" employs a wide construal of 'philosophy' that was common in former centuries. Its biographical entries include writers on mainstream philosophical topics whose individual contribution was small. But the encyclopedia also includes celebrated figures from other intellectual domains, who had something to say on topics that count as broadly philosophical. This interdisciplinary approach, coupled with sophisticated indexing and cross-referencing, makes "CEBP" easily accessible to students and specialists across a huge range of subjects. It will become (...)
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  42.  3
    Philosophy and social science.Eleonora Montuschi - 2006 - In Antony Grayling, Andrew Pyle & Naomi Goulder (eds.), Continuum Encyclopaedia of British Philosophy.
    The Continuum Encyclopedia of British Philosophy" employs a wide construal of 'philosophy' that was common in former centuries. Its biographical entries include writers on mainstream philosophical topics whose individual contribution was small. But the encyclopedia also includes celebrated figures from other intellectual domains, who had something to say on topics that count as broadly philosophical. This interdisciplinary approach, coupled with sophisticated indexing and cross-referencing, makes "CEBP" easily accessible to students and specialists across a huge range of subjects. It will become (...)
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  43.  74
    Real, invented, or applied? : some reflections on scientific objectivity and social ontology.Eleonora Montuschi - 2007 - In Clive Lawson, John Latsis & Nuno Martins (eds.), Contributions to Social Ontology. Routledge. pp. 15--177.
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  44.  34
    Relativism, pluralism and diversity.Eleonora Montuschi - 2005 - In P. Barotta (ed.), Pluralismo e Societa' Multietniche. pp. 13-25.
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  45.  1
    Relativism, pluralism and diversity.Eleonora Montuschi - 2005 - In P. Barotta (ed.), Pluralismo e Societa' Multietniche. pp. 13-25.
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  46. Scientific Metaphor and Theoretical Explanation: an Inquiry Into the Constructive Language of Postulation.Eleonora Montuschi - 1988 - Dissertation, Oxford University
  47.  11
    Science, Philosophy, Practice: Lessons from Use.Eleonora Montuschi - 2022 - Philosophy in the Contemporary World 28 (1):63-86.
    It has been urged that philosophers in the contemporary world should be able to engage with domains of practice and not just with each other. If that is the case, in what sense philosophy can become an ‘applied’ discipline, and with what consequences both for philosophy and for practice? As a preliminary I will rehearse some of the reasons why philosophical investigation is socially commendable. I will then show how philosophy in so called knowledge societies should interact with science and (...)
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  48. Tutorial Guide Philosophy of Science.Eleonora Montuschi - 1991 - Oxford University Press.
  49.  7
    There Is "Noise," and Noise.Eleonora Montuschi - 2017 - Perspectives on Science 25 (2):204-225.
    What is noise? A tumultuous crowd is noisy or, more cheerfully, a group of students on holiday, or a flock of migrating birds. A loud conversation or loud laughter can be noisy if we are reading a philosophy article, or we are performing a physics experiment, or we are concentrating on a yoga exercise. In all such cases, noise is something that others do and that we unwillingly suffer, something that we perceive as an invasion of our perceptual space, or (...)
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  50. The 'Inquisition' of Nature Francis Bacon's View of Scientific Inquiry.Eleonora Montuschi & London School of Economics and Political Science - 2000 - Lse Centre for the Philosophy of the Natural and Social Sciences.
     
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