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Elijah Millgram [61]Elijah Horeb Millgram [1]
  1.  36
    Practical Induction.Elijah Millgram - 1997 - Harvard University Press.
    Itself a pleasure to read, this book is full of inventive arguments and conveys Millgram's bold thesis with elegance and force.
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  2. The Great Endarkenment: Philosophy for an Age of Hyperspecialization.Elijah Millgram - 2015 - Oxford University Press USA.
    Human beings have always been specialists, but over the past two centuries division of labor has become deeper, ubiquitous, and much more fluid. The form it now takes brings in its wake a series of problems that are simultaneously philosophical and practical, having to do with coordinating the activities of experts in different disciplines who do not understand one another. Because these problems are unrecognized, and because we do not have solutions for them, we are on the verge of an (...)
     
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  3.  40
    Hard Truths.Elijah Millgram - 2009 - Wiley-Blackwell.
    __Hard Truths__ is a groundbreaking new work in which noted philosopher Elijah Millgram advances a new approach to truth and its role in our day-to-day reasoning. Takes up the hard truths of real reasoning and draws out their implications for logic and metaphysics Introduces and takes issue with prevailing views of the purpose of truth and the way we reason, including deflationism about truth, possible worlds treatments of modality, and antipsychologism in philosophy of logic Develops philosophically ambitious ideas in a (...)
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  4. Was Hume a Humean?Elijah Millgram - 1995 - Hume Studies 21 (1):75-94.
    I am going to argue that linking Hume’s name with instrumentalism is as inappropriate as linking Aristotle’s: that, as a matter of textual point, the Hume of the Treatise is not an instrumentalist at all, and that the view of practical reasoning that he does have is incompatible with, and far more minimal than, instrumentalism. Then I will consider Hume’s reasons for his view, and argue that they make sense when they are seen against the background of his semantic theory. (...)
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  5. Williams' Argument Against External Reasons.Elijah Millgram - 1996 - Noûs 30 (2):197-220.
    What I have tried to do is elicit and disarm the motivations most likely to give rise to the [counterexamples to the principle crucial to Williams' argument]. Only one of these motivations is still viable: the instrumentalist theory of practical reasoning. But because internalism and instrumentalism are, as it has turned out, so very tightly linked, in disarming the motivations for the objection, I have also inventoried, and given reason to reject, what I have found to be the most common (...)
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  6.  84
    Varieties of Practical Reasoning.Elijah Millgram (ed.) - 2001 - MIT Press.
    This book covers a broad spectrum of positions on practical reasoning—from the nihilist view that there are no legitimate forms of practical inference, and ...
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  7.  48
    Hypophilosophy.Elijah Millgram - 2018 - Social Philosophy and Policy 35 (2):138-157.
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  8. 10. Peter Singer, One World: The Ethics of Globalization Peter Singer, One World: The Ethics of Globalization (Pp. 634-638). [REVIEW]Wlodek Rabinowicz, Toni Rønnow‐Rasmussen, Douglas Lavin, Rachana Kamtekar, Joshua Gert, Elijah Millgram, David Copp & Stephen M. Gardiner - 2004 - Ethics 114 (3).
     
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  9.  40
    Ethics Done Right: Practical Reasoning as a Foundation for Moral Theory.Elijah Millgram - 2005 - Cambridge University Press.
    Ethics Done Right examines how practical reasoning can be put into the service of ethical and moral theory. Elijah Millgram shows that the key to thinking about ethics is to understand generally how to make decisions. The papers in this volume support a methodological approach and trace the connections between two kinds of theory in utilitarianism, in Kantian ethics, in virtue ethics, in Hume's moral philosophy, and in moral particularism. Unlike other studies of ethics, Ethics Done Right does not advocate (...)
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  10.  25
    Practical Reasoning: The Current State of Play.Elijah Millgram - 2001 - In Varieties of Practical Reasoning. MIT Press. pp. 1--26.
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  11.  75
    Coherence: The Price of the Ticket.Elijah Millgram - 2000 - Journal of Philosophy 97 (2):82-93.
  12. Life and Action.Elijah Millgram - 2009 - Analysis 69 (3):557-564.
    In the ongoing discussion about practical rationality, one of the big questions has become: how does one go about conducting an argument about the forms that practical reasoning can take? Life and Action is thus of great interest not just because it advances substantive and novel views as to what those inference patterns are, but in that it puts on the table, by my count, five distinct methods of arriving at conclusions as to what reasoning about what to do can (...)
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  13.  89
    Does the Categorical Imperative Give Rise to a Contradiction in the Will?Elijah Millgram - 2003 - Philosophical Review 112 (4):525 - 560.
    The Brave New World–style utilitarian dystopia is a familiar feature of the cultural landscape; Kantian dystopias are harder to come by, perhaps because, until Rawls, Kantian morality presented itself as a primarily personal rather than political program. This asymmetry is peculiar for formal reasons, because one phase of the deliberative process on which Kant insists is to ask what the world at large would be like if everyone did whatever it is one is thinking of doing. I do not propose (...)
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  14.  78
    Deliberative Coherence.Elijah Millgram & Paul Thagard - 1996 - Synthese 108 (1):63 - 88.
    Choosing the right plan is often choosing the more coherent plan: but what is coherence? We argue that coherence-directed practical inference ought to be represented computationally. To that end, we advance a theory of deliberative coherence, and describe its implementation in a program modelled on Thagard's ECHO. We explain how the theory can be tested and extended, and consider its bearing on instrumentalist accounts of practical rationality.
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  15.  18
    Was Hume a Humean?Elijah Millgram - 1995 - Hume Studies 21 (1):75-93.
  16.  57
    Kantian Crystallization.Elijah Millgram - 2004 - Ethics 114 (3):511-513.
  17. Mill's Proof of the Principle of Utility.Elijah Millgram - 2000 - Ethics 110 (2):282-310.
    Utilitarianism is a “consequentialist” doctrine: that actions are right or wrong in proportion as they produce good or bad consequences. Mill’s version is also a “hedonistic” doctrine. Consequences are good insofar as they have more happiness or less unhappiness; bad, as they have more unhap- piness or less happiness; and by happiness and unhappiness, Mill means pleasure and pain. In English, the words “happiness” and “unhappiness” do not have the same connotations as “pleasure” and “pain.” “Happiness” implies feeling good about (...)
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  18.  95
    Practical Reason and the Structure of Actions.Elijah Millgram - 2008 - Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
    A wave of recent philosophical work on practical rationality is organized by the following implicit argument: Practical reasoning is figuring out what to do; to do is to act; so the forms of practical inference can be derived from the structure or features of action. Now it is not as though earlier work, in analytic philosophy, had failed to register the connection between action and practical rationality; in fact, practical reasoning was usually picked out as, roughly, reasoning directed toward action. (...)
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  19. 10. Charles W. Mills, Blackness Visible: Essays on Philosophy and Race Charles W. Mills, Blackness Visible: Essays on Philosophy and Race (Pp. 432-434). [REVIEW]Hugh LaFollette, Elijah Millgram, David McCabe, Richard J. Arneson & Noël Carroll - 2000 - Ethics 110 (2).
  20.  6
    Who Is a Meaning of Life For?Elijah Millgram - 2020 - The Philosophers' Magazine 89:50-54.
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  21.  10
    Coherence: The Price of the Ticket.Elijah Millgram - 2000 - Journal of Philosophy 97 (2):82-93.
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  22.  80
    Aristotle on Making Other Selves.Elijah Millgram - 1987 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy 17 (2):361 - 376.
    There is still a relative paucity of discussion of the views on friendship that Aristotle presents in the Nicomachean Ethics ,1 although some recent work may indicate a new trend. One suspects that this paucity reflects a belief that those views are not very interesting; if true, this witnesses to an unfortunate underestimation of Aristotle's account. This account is in fact quite surprising, for -- I shall argue -- Aristotle believes that one makes one's friends in the most literal sense (...)
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  23.  41
    What's the Use of Utility?Elijah Millgram - 2000 - Philosophy and Public Affairs 29 (2):113-136.
  24.  22
    On Being Bored Out of Your Mind.Elijah Millgram - 2004 - Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 104:165-186.
    The contemporary philosophical debate over practical reasoning-over how one ought to figure out what to do-has been almost entirely focused on whether there is more to it than means-ends reasoning. But a prior and very difficult question has to do with why instrumental deliberation is so important an aspect of our cognitive life. I consider an answer broached by Harry Frankfurt, that having ends is the alternative to being literally bored out of one's mind, and adapt an argument from John (...)
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  25. On Being Bored Out of Your Mind.Elijah Millgram - 2004 - Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 104 (2):163–184.
    The contemporary philosophical debate over practical reasoning-over how one ought to figure out what to do-has been almost entirely focused on whether there is more to it than means-ends reasoning. But a prior and very difficult question has to do with why instrumental deliberation is so important an aspect of our cognitive life (regardless of whether there is anything else). I consider an answer broached by Harry Frankfurt, that having ends is the alternative to being literally bored out of one's (...)
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  26. How to Make Something of Yourself.Elijah Millgram - 2002 - In David Schmidtz (ed.), Robert Nozick. Cambridge University Press. pp. 175--198.
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  27.  49
    John Stuart Mill, Determinism, and the Problem of Induction.Elijah Millgram - 2009 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 87 (2):183-199.
    Auguste Comte's doctrine of the three phases through which sciences pass (the theological, the metaphysical, and the positive) allows us to explain what John Stuart Mill was attempting in his magnum opus, the System of Logic: namely, to move the science of logic to its terminal and 'positive' stage. Both Mill's startling account of deduction and his unremarked solution to the Humean problem of induction eliminate the notions of necessity or force—in this case, the 'logical must'—characteristic of a science's metaphysical (...)
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  28.  44
    Harman's Hardness Arguments.Elijah Millgram - 1991 - Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 72 (3):181-202.
  29.  34
    Moral Values and Secondary Qualities.Elijah Millgram - 1999 - American Philosophical Quarterly 36 (3):253 - 255.
  30.  63
    Pleasure in Practical Reasoning.Elijah Millgram - 1993 - The Monist 76 (3):394-415.
    Practical reasoning often strikes philosophers as ungrounded. It seems to them that desires are to be justified by reasoning that proceeds from, inter alia, further desires, and these further desires are to be justified by reference to still further desires. Avoiding circularity and infinite regress requires justification to terminate in desires that are themselves unjustified, and thus, from the point of view of reasons, simply arbitrary. If techniques of justification merely transmit reason-giving force from premises to conclusions, then if the (...)
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  31.  8
    Ix-on Being Bored Out of Your Mind.Elijah Millgram - 2004 - Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 104 (2):163-184.
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  32.  4
    IX-On Being Bored Out of Your Mind.Elijah Millgram - 2004 - Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 104 (1):165-186.
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  33. Self-Constitution: Agency, Identity, and Integrity The Constitution of Agency: Essays on Practical Reason and Moral Psychology.Elijah Millgram - 2011 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 89 (3):549 - 556.
    Australasian Journal of Philosophy, Volume 89, Issue 3, Page 549-556, September 2011.
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  34.  61
    Commensurability in Perspective.Elijah Millgram - 2002 - Topoi 21 (1-2):217-226.
  35.  43
    Ismael's Anscombian and Dennettian Selves. [REVIEW]Elijah Millgram - 2011 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 82 (3):759-762.
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  36. Ethics Done Right: Practical Reasoning as a Foundation for Moral Theory.Elijah Millgram - 2006 - Philosophy 81 (318):685-690.
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  37.  40
    Thinking in Pictures. [REVIEW]Elijah Millgram - 2000 - Hume Studies 26 (1):198-200.
    Late British Empiricism was a research project built around a two-part psychological theory: that thoughts represent their objects by qualitatively resembling them and that thought proceeds by traversing associative links between ideas. The work of Hume, and then of Mill, were the project’s high-water marks; twentieth-century philosophers no longer find the psychology convincing. The problem, as far as the philosophers were concerned, was not so much that the account seemed false upon introspection, nor that the discipline of psychology had itself (...)
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  38.  64
    Replies. [REVIEW]Elijah Millgram - 2011 - Analysis 71 (2):341 - 351.
    Nietzsche thought at one point that predication originated through the misapplication of names for particulars to further particulars. I doubt myself that this is where the device came from, although one does occasionally encounter usage – such as ‘another Vietnam’ – that evidently does arise in this manner. However, his account of predication is a useful model for a more sophisticated device which we in fact deploy, namely, the intentional misdescription of one circumstance or another in the interests of expedited (...)
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  39.  15
    The Persistence of Moral Skepticism and the Limits of Moral Education.Elijah Millgram - 2009 - In Harvey Siegel (ed.), The Oxford Handbook of Philosophy of Education. Oxford University Press. pp. 245.
  40.  95
    Oscar Wilde, the Picture of Dorian Gray: The 1890 and 1891 Texts. The Complete Works of Oscar Wilde , Vol. 3, Ed. Joseph Bristow (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2005), Pp. Lxxvii + 465. [REVIEW]Elijah Millgram - 2010 - Utilitas 22 (1):93-96.
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  41.  20
    Book ReviewsCandace Vogler,. John Stuart Mill’s Deliberative Landscape. New York: Garland Publishing, 2001. Pp. Xvi+136. $70.00. [REVIEW]Elijah Millgram - 2002 - Ethics 112 (4):880-883.
  42.  88
    Love and its Place in Nature. Jonathan Lear.Elijah Millgram - 2001 - Mind 110 (440):1087-1092.
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  43.  91
    The Ontological Meta-Argument.Elijah Millgram - 2004 - Croatian Journal of Philosophy 4 (3):331-334.
    Would the Ontological Argument Greater Than Which None Can Be Conceived proue the existence of God? Might an ontological argument prove the actuality of the world (as Robert Nozick once suggested)? Should you believe that you’re actual, even if you’re not? And what happens if we attempt to answer these questions, having adopted Nozick’s mature view of the function of argument?
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  44.  75
    Review of Reasonably Vicious, by Candace Vogler. [REVIEW]Elijah Millgram - 2006 - European Journal of Philosophy 14 (3):430–434.
  45. D'où Venons-Nous, Que Sommes Nous, Où Allons-Nous?Elijah Millgram - 2008 - In Daniel Callcut (ed.), Reading Bernard Williams. Routledge.
     
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  46.  64
    Who Was Nietzsche’s Genealogist?Elijah Millgram - 2007 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 75 (1):92–110.
    Nietzsche’s Genealogy of Morals is deservedly part of the ethical canon, but it is also be enormously and insistently absent-minded. I’m going to first present, as a textual puzzle, a handful of forgetful moments in the first two essays of the Genealogy. To address the puzzle, I will take up a familiar idea, that the Genealogy is both a subversive account of ethics and of what it is to be an intellectual. I will describe a strategy for reading the text (...)
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  47.  68
    Applied Ethics, Moral Skepticism, and Reasons with Expiration Dates.Elijah Millgram - 2007 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy 37 (5):pp. 263-280.
  48.  16
    An Apprentice Argument. [REVIEW]Elijah Millgram - 1994 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 54 (4):913-916.
  49. Hume on Practical Reasoning Treatise 463 469).Elijah Millgram - unknown
    The claim that "'is' does not entail 'ought"' is so closely associated with Hume that it has been called 'Hume's Law'. 1 The interpretation of the passage in Hume's Treatise of Human Nature that is the locus classicus of the claim is controversial. But the passage is preceded by three main bodies of argument, and, on the working assumption that the passage in question is closely connected to the argumentation that leads up to it, I will here examine the third (...)
     
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  50.  38
    Liberty, the Higher Pleasures, and Mill's Missing Science of Ethnic Jokes.Elijah Millgram - 2009 - Social Philosophy and Policy 26 (1):326-353.
    Aggregation-friendly moral theories such as classical utilitarianism are forced to invest a great deal of ingenuity in damping out and modulating the effects of welfare aggregation. In Mill's treatment, the problem famously appears as the puzzle of how the Principle of Liberty is meant to be compatible with the Principle of Utility, and there have been a great many attempted interpretations of his solution, all, in my view, unsatisfactory. I will first reconstruct Mill's generally unnoticed account of the psychological implementation (...)
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