Results for 'Elise M. Smith'

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  1.  32
    Ethical Dilemmas in Protecting Susceptible Subpopulations From Environmental Health Risks: Liberty, Utility, Fairness, and Accountability for Reasonableness.David B. Resnik, D. Robert MacDougall & Elise M. Smith - 2018 - American Journal of Bioethics 18 (3):29-41.
    Various U.S. laws, such as the Clean Air Act and the Food Quality Protection Act, require additional protections for susceptible subpopulations who face greater environmental health risks. The main ethical rationale for providing these protections is to ensure that environmental health risks are distributed fairly. In this article, we consider how several influential theories of justice deal with issues related to the distribution of environmental health risks; show that these theories often fail to provide specific guidance concerning policy choices; and (...)
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  2.  12
    Unjust Outcomes and Unfair Process?D. Robert MacDougall, Elise M. Smith & David B. Resnik - 2018 - American Journal of Bioethics 18 (4):10-12.
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  3. Less Interpretation and More Decoherence in Quantum Gravity and Inflationary Cosmology.Elise M. Crull - 2015 - Foundations of Physics 45 (9):1019-1045.
    I argue that quantum decoherence—understood as a dynamical process entailed by the standard formalism alone—carries us beyond conceptual aspects of non-relativistic quantum mechanics deemed insurmountable by many contributors to the recent quantum gravity and cosmology literature. These aspects include various incarnations of the measurement problem and of the quantum -to-classical puzzle. Not only can such problems be largely bypassed or dissolved without default to a particular interpretation, but theoretical work in relativistic arenas stands to gain substantial physical and philosophical insight (...)
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  4.  56
    Subjective Rightness: Holly M. Smith.Holly M. Smith - 2010 - Social Philosophy and Policy 27 (2):64-110.
    Twentieth century philosophers introduced the distinction between “objective rightness” and “subjective rightness” to achieve two primary goals. The first goal is to reduce the paradoxical tension between our judgments of what is best for an agent to do in light of the actual circumstances in which she acts and what is wisest for her to do in light of her mistaken or uncertain beliefs about her circumstances. The second goal is to provide moral guidance to an agent who may be (...)
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  5. Exploring Philosophical Implications of Quantum Decoherence.Elise M. Crull - 2013 - Philosophy Compass 8 (9):875-885.
    Quantum decoherence is receiving a great deal of attention today not only in theoretical and experimental physics but also in branches of science as diverse as molecular biology, biochemistry, and even neuropsychology. It is no surprise that it is also beginning to appear in various philosophical debates concerning the fundamental structure of the world. The purpose of this article is primarily to acquaint non-specialists with quantum decoherence and clarify related concepts, and secondly to sketch its possible implications – independent of (...)
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  6.  39
    Phenomenology of Perception.Aron Gurwitsch, M. Merleau-Ponty & Colin Smith - 1964 - Philosophical Review 73 (3):417.
  7.  38
    Yes, More Decoherence: A Reply to Critics.Elise M. Crull - 2017 - Foundations of Physics 47 (11):1428-1463.
    Recently I published an article in this journal entitled “Less interpretation and more decoherence in quantum gravity and inflationary cosmology” :1019–1045, 2015). This article generated responses from three pairs of authors: Vassallo and Esfeld :1533–1536, 2015), Okon and Sudarsky :852–879, 2016) and Fortin and Lombardi. In what follows, I reply to the criticisms raised by these authors.
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  8. Measuring the Consequences of Rules: Holly M. Smith.Holly M. Smith - 2010 - Utilitas 22 (4):413-433.
    Recently two distinct forms of rule-utilitarianism have been introduced that differ on how to measure the consequences of rules. Brad Hooker advocates fixed-rate rule-utilitarianism, while Michael Ridge advocates variable-rate rule-utilitarianism. I argue that both of these are inferior to a new proposal, optimum-rate rule-utilitarianism. According to optimum-rate rule-utilitarianism, an ideal code is the code whose optimum acceptance level is no lower than that of any alternative code. I then argue that all three forms of rule-utilitarianism fall prey to two fatal (...)
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  9.  17
    Modes of Adjointness.M. Menni & C. Smith - 2013 - Journal of Philosophical Logic (2-3):1-27.
    The fact that many modal operators are part of an adjunction is probably folklore since the discovery of adjunctions. On the other hand, the natural idea of a minimal propositional calculus extended with a pair of adjoint operators seems to have been formulated only very recently. This recent research, mainly motivated by applications in computer science, concentrates on technical issues related to the calculi and not on the significance of adjunctions in modal logic. It then seems a worthy enterprise (both (...)
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  10. Ontology and Geographic Objects: An Empirical Study of Cognitive Categorization.David M. Mark, Barry Smith & Barbara Tversky - 1999 - In C. Freksa & David M. Mark (eds.), Spatial Information Theory. Cognitive and Computational Foundations of Geographic Information Science (Lecture Notes in Computer Science 1661). pp. 283-298.
    Cognitive categories in the geographic realm appear to manifest certain special features as contrasted with categories for objects at surveyable scales. We have argued that these features reflect specific ontological characteristics of geographic objects. This paper presents hypotheses as to the nature of the features mentioned, reviews previous empirical work on geographic categories, and presents the results of pilot experiments that used English-speaking subjects to test our hypotheses. Our experiments show geographic categories to be similar to their non-geographic counterparts in (...)
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  11.  2
    In Defense of Tradition: Collected Shorter Writings of Richard M. Weaver, 1929-1963.Richard M. Weaver & Ted J. Smith - 2000
    Richard M Weaver, a thinker and writer celebrated for his unsparing diagnoses and realistic remedies for the ills of our age, is known largely through a few of his works that remain in print. This new collection of Weaver's shorter writings, assembled by Ted J Smith III, Weaver's leading biographer, presents many long-out-of-print and never-before-published works that give new range and depth to Weaver's sweeping thought. Included are eleven previously unpublished essays and speeches that were left in near-final form (...)
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  12. ‘Wholly Present’ Defined.Thomas M. Crisp & Donald P. Smith - 2005 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 71 (2):318–344.
    Three-dimensionalists , sometimes referred to as endurantists, think that objects persist through time by being “wholly present” at every time they exist. But what is it for something to be wholly present at a time? It is surprisingly difficult to say. The threedimensionalist is free, of course, to take ‘is wholly present at’ as one of her theory’s primitives, but this is problematic for at least one reason: some philosophers claim not to understand her primitive. Clearly the three-dimensionalist would be (...)
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  13.  25
    A Study of the Effects of Verbalization on Problem Solving.Robert M. Gagné & Ernest C. Smith - 1962 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 63 (1):12.
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  14.  6
    A Womanist Consideration of Architecture and the Common Good.Elise M. Edwards - 2020 - Journal of the Society of Christian Ethics 40 (2):255-272.
    Womanist religious thought centers the experiences of black women but addresses the holistic liberation of communities from multiple and hybridized religious, spiritual, and cultural identities, offering valuable insight for examining the moral aims of the common good and identifying challenges to the good of particular communities. This paper offers a womanist analysis of prevailing conceptions of the common good and accounts of architecture and urban planning’s relation to the common good and civic virtue within the work of Christian theologians. It (...)
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  15.  2
    When the Law Does Not Secure Justice or Peace: Requiem as Aesthetic Response.Elise M. Edwards - 2015 - Journal of the Society of Christian Ethics 35 (2):63-81.
    This essay assesses the possibilities for poetic-liturgical compositions, such as requiems, to promote Christian public engagement when legal frameworks are perceived to be inadequate for securing justice. This essay addresses the perception that legal statutes and procedures failed to honor the personhood of two particular African American males and discusses how aesthetic responses have been used to counter the devaluing of their lives. One such response, Marilyn Nelson's poem Fortune's Bones: The Manumission Requiem, questions the law's failure to protect an (...)
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  16.  13
    Perceptual and Cognitive Biases in Individuals with Body Dysmorphic Disorder Symptoms.Elise M. Clerkin & Bethany A. Teachman - 2008 - Cognition and Emotion 22 (7):1327-1339.
  17. Philosophy of Physics.Elise M. Crull - 2013 - Analysis 73 (4):771-784.
  18.  24
    Why Children Learn Color and Size Words so Differently: Evidence From Adults' Learning of Artificial Terms.Catherine M. Sandhofer & Linda B. Smith - 2001 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 130 (4):600.
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  19.  30
    Religious Language After J. L. Austin1: James M. Smith and James Wm. McClendon, Jr.James M. Smith - 1972 - Religious Studies 8 (1):55-63.
    John L. Austin believed that in the illocution he had discovered a fundamental element of our speech, the understanding of which would disclose the significance of all kinds of linguistic action: not only proposing marriage and finding guilt, but also stating, reporting, conjecturing, and all the rest of the things men can do linguistically. 2 We claim that the illocution, the full-fledged speech-act, is central to religious utterances as well, and that it provides a perspicuity in understanding them not elsewhere (...)
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  20. The Four Phases of Philosophy.Franz Brentano, Balazs M. Mezei & Barry Smith - 1994 - Rodopi.
    Introduction and translation of “The Four Phases of Philosophy” by Franz Brentano.
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  21.  6
    Intergroup Relations: Insights From a Theoretically Integrative Approach.Diane M. Mackie & Eliot R. Smith - 1998 - Psychological Review 105 (3):499-529.
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  22.  28
    Leadership and Ethical Development: Balancing Light and Shadow.Benyamin M. Lichtenstein, Beverly A. Smith & William R. Torbert - 1995 - Business Ethics Quarterly 5 (1):97-116.
    What makes a leader ethical? This paper critically examines the answer given by developmental theory, which argues that individuals can develop through cumulative stages of ethical orientation and behavior (e.g. Hobbesian, Kantian, Rawlsian), such that leaders at later developmental stages (of whom there are empirically very few today) are more ethical. By contrast to a simple progressive model of ethical development, this paper shows that each developmental stage has both positive (light) and negative (shadow) aspects, which affect the ethical behaviors (...)
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  23.  16
    Leadership and Ethical Development: Balancing Light and Shadow.Benyamin M. Lichtenstein, Beverly A. Smith & William R. Torbert - 1995 - Business Ethics Quarterly 5 (1):97-116.
    What makes a leader ethical? This paper critically examines the answer given by developmental theory, which argues that individuals can develop through cumulative stages of ethical orientation and behavior , such that leaders at later developmental stages are more ethical. By contrast to a simple progressive model of ethical development, this paper shows that each developmental stage has both positive and negative aspects, which affect the ethical behaviors of leaders at that stage. It also explores an unexpected result: later stage (...)
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  24.  12
    Erratum to Monti and Smith.Peter M. Monti & Nelson F. Smith - 1976 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 105 (3):293-293.
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  25. Philosophy of Education. Supplement [by] Christiana M. Smith and Harry S. Broudy.Harry S. Broudy & Christiana M. Smith - 1969 - University of Illinois Press.
     
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  26.  3
    From Prejudice to Intergroup Emotions: Differentiated Reactions to Social Groups.Diane M. Mackie & Eliot R. Smith (eds.) - 2002 - Psychology Press.
    The theories or programs of research described in the chapters of this book move beyond the traditional evaluation model of prejudice, drawing on a broad range of theoretical ancestry to develop models of why, when, and how differentiated reactions to groups arise, and what their consequences might be. The chapters have in common a re-focusing of interest on emotion as a theoretical base for understanding differentiated reactions to, and differentiated behaviors toward, social groups. The contributions also share a focus on (...)
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  27.  20
    Obsessional Beliefs and the Implicit and Explicit Morality of Intrusive Thoughts.Bethany A. Teachman & Elise M. Clerkin - 2007 - Cognition and Emotion 21 (5):999-1024.
  28.  13
    Spatial Ability: Its Educational and Social Significance.Doris M. Lee & I. Macfarlane Smith - 1965 - British Journal of Educational Studies 14 (1):140.
  29.  13
    Attention Bias to Threat in Mothers with Emotional Disorders Predicts Increased Offspring Anxiety Symptoms: A Joint Cross-Sectional and Longitudinal Analysis.Allison M. Waters, Elise M. Candy & Steven G. Candy - 2018 - Cognition and Emotion 32 (4):892-903.
    There is convincing evidence of the transmission of anxiety and depression from parents to children; however, mechanisms by which this vulnerability is passed on are unclear. Cognitive models and a small body of cross-sectional research suggest that parental attention biases may be one mechanism involved in transmission. Longitudinal associations of maternal and offspring ABs with offspring symptoms have been scarcely studied. Forty-three mothers–child dyads were included. All children were diagnosis-free while 24 mothers had a lifetime emotional disorder and 19 mothers (...)
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  30.  48
    Resolving Repression.M. Smith Steven - 2006 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 29 (5):534-535.
    The feuding factions of the memory wars, that is, those concerned with the validity of recovered memories versus those concerned with false memories, are unified by Erdelyi's theory of repression. Evidence shows suppression, inhibition, and retrieval blocking can have profound yet reversible effects on a memory's accessibility, and deserve as prominent a role in the recovered memory debate as evidence of false memories. Erdelyi's theory shows that both inhibitory and elaborative processes cooperate to keep unwanted memories out of consciousness.
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  31.  4
    Daniel M. Smith, Dynasties and Democracy: The Inherited Incumbency Advantage in Japan Stanford University Press, 2018.Yosuke Sunahara - 2019 - Japanese Journal of Political Science 20 (4):240-242.
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  32.  57
    Neurocognitive Endophenotypes of Impulsivity and Compulsivity: Towards Dimensional Psychiatry.Trevor W. Robbins, Claire M. Gillan, Dana G. Smith, Sanne de Wit & Karen D. Ersche - 2012 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 16 (1):81-91.
  33.  20
    David M. Smith, Ed., The Heads of Religious Houses, England and Wales, 3: 1377–1540. Cambridge, Eng., and New York: Cambridge University Press, 2008. Pp. Xciv, 817. $240.Richard W. Pfaff - 2009 - Speculum 84 (4):1111-1112.
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  34.  5
    Commencing Character: A Case Study of Character Development in College.Michael Lamb, Elise M. Dykhuis, Sara E. Mendonça & Eranda Jayawickreme - forthcoming - Journal of Moral Education:1-23.
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  35.  14
    Mark M. Smith. Sensing the Past: Seeing, Hearing, Smelling, Tasting, and Touching in History. X + 180 Pp., Bibl., Index. Berkeley/Los Angeles: University of California Press, 2007. $19.95. [REVIEW]Jonathan Reinarz - 2009 - Isis 100 (1):146-147.
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  36.  10
    David M. Smith, Guide to Bishops' Registers of England and Wales: A Survey From the Middle Ages to the Abolition of Episcopacy in 1646. London: Royal Historical Society, 1981. Pp. Xvi, 286. £15. [REVIEW]R. H. Helmholz - 1982 - Speculum 57 (3):687.
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  37.  41
    Natural Selection at the Mjd Locus: Phenotypic Diversity, Survival and Fertility Among Machado-Joseph Disease Patients From the Azores.M. Lima, M. Smith, C. Silva, A. Abade, F. Mayer & P. Coutinho - 2001 - Journal of Biosocial Science 33 (3):361-373.
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  38.  40
    Proceedings of the 4th World Conference on Research Integrity: Brazil, Rio de Janeiro. 31 May - 3 June 2015.Lex Bouter, Melissa S. Anderson, Ana Marusic, Sabine Kleinert, Susan Zimmerman, Paulo S. L. Beirão, Laura Beranzoli, Giuseppe Di Capua, Silvia Peppoloni, Maria Betânia de Freitas Marques, Adriana Sousa, Claudia Rech, Torunn Ellefsen, Adele Flakke Johannessen, Jacob Holen, Raymond Tait, Jillon Van der Wall, John Chibnall, James M. DuBois, Farida Lada, Jigisha Patel, Stephanie Harriman, Leila Posenato Garcia, Adriana Nascimento Sousa, Cláudia Maria Correia Borges Rech, Oliveira Patrocínio, Raphaela Dias Fernandes, Laressa Lima Amâncio, Anja Gillis, David Gallacher, David Malwitz, Tom Lavrijssen, Mariusz Lubomirski, Malini Dasgupta, Katie Speanburg, Elizabeth C. Moylan, Maria K. Kowalczuk, Nikolas Offenhauser, Markus Feufel, Niklas Keller, Volker Bähr, Diego Oliveira Guedes, Douglas Leonardo Gomes Filho, Vincent Larivière, Rodrigo Costas, Daniele Fanelli, Mark William Neff, Aline Carolina de Oliveira Machado Prata, Limbanazo Matandika, Sonia Maria Ramos de Vasconcelos & Karina de A. Rocha - 2016 - Research Integrity and Peer Review 1 (Suppl 1).
    Table of contentsI1 Proceedings of the 4th World Conference on Research IntegrityConcurrent Sessions:1. Countries' systems and policies to foster research integrityCS01.1 Second time around: Implementing and embedding a review of responsible conduct of research policy and practice in an Australian research-intensive universitySusan Patricia O'BrienCS01.2 Measures to promote research integrity in a university: the case of an Asian universityDanny Chan, Frederick Leung2. Examples of research integrity education programmes in different countriesCS02.1 Development of a state-run “cyber education program of research ethics” in (...)
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  39.  25
    Holly M. Smith, Making Morality Work.Andrew Sepielli - 2019 - Ethics 130 (1):141-144.
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  40. Rogers M. Smith, Liberalism and American Constitutional Law. [REVIEW]Richard Flathman - 1987 - Philosophy in Review 7:85-88.
     
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  41. The Induction of Relational Rules by a Network.M. Gasser & Lb Smith - 1989 - Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 27 (6):525-525.
     
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  42.  8
    David M. Smith, Ed., English Episcopal Acta, 1: Lincoln, 1067–1185. London and New York: Oxford University Press, for the British Academy, 1980. Pp. Lxiv, 257; 4 Black-and-White Plates. $125. [REVIEW]Fredric L. Cheyette - 1981 - Speculum 56 (1):222.
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  43.  8
    Richard M. Smith, Ed., Land, Kinship and Life-Cycle. (Cambridge Studies in Population, Economy and Society in Past Time, 1.) Cambridge, Eng., and New York: Cambridge University Press, 1984. Pp. Xiii, 547; Tables, Graphs, and Maps. $59.50. [REVIEW]Fredric L. Cheyette - 1986 - Speculum 61 (4):1034-1035.
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  44.  95
    Biomedizinische Ontologien für die Praxis.M. Brochhausen & Barry Smith - 2009 - European Journal for Biomedical Informatics 1.
    Hintergrund: Biomedizinische Ontologien existieren unter anderem zur Integration von klinischen und experimentellen Daten. Um dies zu erreichen ist es erforderlich, dass die fraglichen Ontologien von einer großen Zahl von Benutzern zur Annotation von Daten verwendet werden. Wie können Ontologien das erforderliche Maß an Benutzerfreundlichkeit, Zuverlässigkeit, Kosteneffektivität und Domänenabdeckung erreichen, um weitreichende Akzeptanz herbeizuführen? -/- Material und Methoden: Wir konzentrieren uns auf zwei unterschiedliche Strategien, die zurzeit hierbei verfolgt werden. Eine davon wird von SNOMED CT im Bereich der Medizin vertreten, die (...)
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  45. Work and Waste: Political Economy and Natural Philosophy in Nineteenth Century Britain (II).M. Norton & Crosbie Smith - forthcoming - History of Science.
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  46.  11
    Narrative Inquiry in a Nursing Practicum.Gail M. Lindsay & Faith Smith - 2003 - Nursing Inquiry 10 (2):121-129.
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  47.  68
    On the Virtues of Going All the Way.Shimon Edelman & Elise M. Breen - 1999 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 22 (4):614-614.
    Representational systems need to use symbols as internal stand-ins for distal quantities and events. Barsalou's ideas go a long way towards making the symbol system theory of representation more appealing, by delegating one critical part of the representational burden to image-like entities. The target article, however, leaves the other critical component of any symbol system theory underspecified. We point out that the binding problem can be alleviated if a perceptual symbol system is made to rely on image-like entities not only (...)
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  48.  77
    Are Artworks More Like People Than Artifacts? Individual Concepts and Their Extensions.George E. Newman, Daniel M. Bartels & Rosanna K. Smith - 2014 - Topics in Cognitive Science 6 (4):647-662.
    This paper examines people's reasoning about identity continuity and its relation to previous research on how people value one-of-a-kind artifacts, such as artwork. We propose that judgments about the continuity of artworks are related to judgments about the continuity of individual persons because art objects are seen as physical extensions of their creators. We report a reanalysis of previous data and the results of two new empirical studies that test this hypothesis. The first study demonstrates that the mere categorization of (...)
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  49.  8
    The Scene Perception & Event Comprehension Theory (SPECT) Applied to Visual Narratives.Lester C. Loschky, Adam M. Larson, Tim J. Smith & Joseph P. Magliano - 2020 - Topics in Cognitive Science 12 (1):311-351.
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  50.  39
    A Theoretical Framework for Narrative Explanation in Science.Stephen P. Norris, Sandra M. Guilbert, Martha L. Smith, Shahram Hakimelahi & Linda M. Phillips - 2005 - Science Education 89 (4):535-563.
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