19 found
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Elise Smith [16]Elise M. Smith [2]Elise Juzda Smith [2]
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Elise Smith
National Institutes of Health
  1.  28
    Ethical Dilemmas in Protecting Susceptible Subpopulations From Environmental Health Risks: Liberty, Utility, Fairness, and Accountability for Reasonableness.David B. Resnik, D. Robert MacDougall & Elise M. Smith - 2018 - American Journal of Bioethics 18 (3):29-41.
    Various U.S. laws, such as the Clean Air Act and the Food Quality Protection Act, require additional protections for susceptible subpopulations who face greater environmental health risks. The main ethical rationale for providing these protections is to ensure that environmental health risks are distributed fairly. In this article, we consider how several influential theories of justice deal with issues related to the distribution of environmental health risks; show that these theories often fail to provide specific guidance concerning policy choices; and (...)
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  2.  1
    Does Health Promotion Harm the Environment?Cheryl C. Macpherson, Elise Smith & Travis N. Rieder - 2020 - The New Bioethics 26 (2):158-175.
    Health promotion involves social and environmental interventions designed to benefit and protect health. It often harmfully impacts the environment through air and water pollution, medical waste, g...
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  3.  50
    Authorship and Responsibility in Health Sciences Research: A Review of Procedures for Fairly Allocating Authorship in Multi-Author Studies. [REVIEW]Elise Smith & Bryn Williams-Jones - 2012 - Science and Engineering Ethics 18 (2):199-212.
    While there has been significant discussion in the health sciences and ethics literatures about problems associated with publication practices (e.g., ghost- and gift-authorship, conflicts of interest), there has been relatively little practical guidance developed to help researchers determine how they should fairly allocate credit for multi-authored publications. Fair allocation of credit requires that participating authors be acknowledged for their contribution and responsibilities, but it is not obvious what contributions should warrant authorship, nor who should be responsible for the quality and (...)
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  4.  5
    Misconduct and Misbehavior Related to Authorship Disagreements in Collaborative Science.Elise Smith, Bryn Williams-Jones, Zubin Master, Vincent Larivière, Cassidy R. Sugimoto, Adèle Paul-Hus, Min Shi & David B. Resnik - forthcoming - Science and Engineering Ethics.
    Scientific authorship serves to identify and acknowledge individuals who “contribute significantly” to published research. However, specific authorship norms and practices often differ within and across disciplines, labs, and cultures. As a consequence, authorship disagreements are commonplace in team research. This study aims to better understand the prevalence of authorship disagreements, those factors that may lead to disagreements, as well as the extent and nature of resulting misbehavior. Methods include an international online survey of researchers who had published from 2011 to (...)
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  5.  25
    Authorship Ethics in Global Health Research Partnerships Between Researchers From Low or Middle Income Countries and High Income Countries.Elise Smith, Matthew Hunt & Zubin Master - 2014 - BMC Medical Ethics 15 (1):42.
    Over the past two decades, the promotion of collaborative partnerships involving researchers from low and middle income countries with those from high income countries has been a major development in global health research. Ideally, these partnerships would lead to more equitable collaboration including the sharing of research responsibilities and rewards. While collaborative partnership initiatives have shown promise and attracted growing interest, there has been little scholarly debate regarding the fair distribution of authorship credit within these partnerships.
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  6.  12
    Researchers’ Perceptions of Ethical Authorship Distribution in Collaborative Research Teams.Elise Smith, Bryn Williams-Jones, Zubin Master, Vincent Larivière, Cassidy R. Sugimoto, Adèle Paul-Hus, Min Shi, Elena Diller, Katie Caudle & David B. Resnik - forthcoming - Science and Engineering Ethics.
    Authorship is commonly used as the basis for the measurement of research productivity. It influences career progression and rewards, making it a valued commodity in a competitive scientific environment. To better understand authorship practices amongst collaborative teams, this study surveyed authors on collaborative journal articles published between 2011 and 2015. Of the 8364 respondents, 1408 responded to the final open-ended question, which solicited additional comments or remarks regarding the fair distribution of authorship in research teams. This paper presents the analysis (...)
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  7.  46
    Reproductive Tourism in Argentina: Clinic Accreditation and its Implications for Consumers, Health Professionals and Policy Makers.Elise Smith, Jason Behrmann, Carolina Martin & Bryn Williams-jones - 2010 - Developing World Bioethics 10 (2):59-69.
    A subcategory of medical tourism, reproductive tourism has been the subject of much public and policy debate in recent years. Specific concerns include: the exploitation of individuals and communities, access to needed health care services, fair allocation of limited resources, and the quality and safety of services provided by private clinics. To date, the focus of attention has been on the thriving medical and reproductive tourism sectors in Asia and Eastern Europe; there has been much less consideration given to more (...)
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  8.  2
    “Why Do We Measure Mankind?” Marketing Anthropometry in Late-Victorian Britain.Elise Smith - 2020 - History of Science 58 (2):142-165.
    In the late nineteenth century, British anthropometrists attempted to normalize the practice of measuring bodies as they sought to collate data about the health and racial makeup of their fellow citizens. As the country’s leading anthropometrists, Francis Galton and Charles Roberts worked to overcome suspicion about their motives and tried to establish the value of recording physical dimensions from their subjects’ perspective. For Galton, the father of the eugenics movement, the attainment of objective self-knowledge figured alongside the ranking of one’s (...)
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  9. BioéthiqueOnline: Moving to Peer-Review / BioéthiqueOnline : Passage À L’Évaluation Par les Pairs.Zubin Master, Carolina Martin, Jason Behrmann, Charles Marsan, Lise Levesque, Maude Laliberté, Charles Dupras, Elise Smith, Renaud Boulanger, Jean-Christophe Belisle Pipon, Bryn Williams-Jones, Christopher McDougall, Ali Okhowat & Sonia Paradis - 2012 - BioéthiqueOnline 1.
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  10.  12
    What About Author Order and Acknowledgments? Suggestions for Additional Criteria for Conceptual Research in Bioethics.Elise Smith & Renaud Boulanger - 2011 - American Journal of Bioethics 11 (10):24 - 26.
    The American Journal of Bioethics, Volume 11, Issue 10, Page 24-26, October 2011.
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  11.  12
    Conflicts of Interest Policies for Authors, Peer Reviewers, and Editors of Bioethics Journals.Zubin Master, Kelly Werner, Elise Smith, David B. Resnik & Bryn Williams-Jones - 2018 - Ajob Empirical Bioethics 9 (3):194-205.
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  12.  15
    Conflict of Interest Policies at Canadian Universities and Medical Schools: Some Lessons From the AMSA PharmFree Scorecard.Ghislaine Mathieu, Elise Smith, Marie-Josée Potvin & Bryn Williams-Jones - 2012 - BioéthiqueOnline 1:13.
    Launched in 2007, the American Medical Students Association PharmFree Scorecard is an annual ranking of conflict of interest policies at American medical centres; it focuses on COIs that may occur when medical education seems likely to be influenced by university-industry relationships, especially those with the pharmaceutical and medical device industries. The PharmFree Scorecard has proven influential in stimulating changes in policy regarding the management of COI at American medical institutions, thus it provides a useful jumping off point for reflection on (...)
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  13.  14
    Bioethics: Latin American Perspectives – Edited by Arleen L.F. Salle and Maria J. Bertomeu.Elise Smith - 2007 - Developing World Bioethics 7 (2):112-113.
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  14.  9
    Unjust Outcomes and Unfair Process?D. Robert MacDougall, Elise M. Smith & David B. Resnik - 2018 - American Journal of Bioethics 18 (4):10-12.
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  15.  1
    Fair Subject Selection Procedures Must Consider Scientific Uncertainty and Variability in Risk and Benefit Perception.Charles Dupras & Elise Smith - 2020 - American Journal of Bioethics 20 (2):33-35.
    Volume 20, Issue 2, February 2020, Page 33-35.
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  16.  24
    Toward a Postmodernist View of Conflict of Interest: Comment on “Toward a Sociology of Conflict of Interest in Medical Research” by Sarah Winch and Michael Sinnott.Elise Smith - 2012 - Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 9 (2):223-224.
    Toward a Postmodernist View of Conflict of Interest Content Type Journal Article Category Case Studies Pages 1-2 DOI 10.1007/s11673-012-9359-x Authors Elise Smith, Doctorat en sciences humaines appliquées, option bioéthique, Programmes de bioéthique, Département de médecine sociale et préventive, Université de Montréal, C.P. 6128, succ. Centre-ville, Montréal, Québec, Canada H3C 3J7 Journal Journal of Bioethical Inquiry Online ISSN 1872-4353 Print ISSN 1176-7529.
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  17.  18
    Bioethics: Latin American Perspectives – Edited by Arleen L.F. Salle and Maria J. Bertomeu.Elise Smith - 2007 - Developing World Bioethics 7 (2):112–113.
  18.  6
    Review of Paul Kalanithi, When Breath Becomes Air1. [REVIEW]Elise Smith - 2016 - American Journal of Bioethics 16 (10):6-7.
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  19.  6
    Claude Blanckaert . La Vénus hottentote: Entre Barnum et Muséum. 478 pp., illus., index. Paris: Publications Scientifiques du Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle, 2013. €35. [REVIEW]Elise Juzda Smith - 2015 - Isis 106 (1):195-196.
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