Results for 'Elizabeth G. Jackson'

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  1. The Relationship Between Belief and Credence.Elizabeth G. Jackson - 2020 - Philosophy Compass 15 (6):1–13.
    Sometimes epistemologists theorize about belief, a tripartite attitude on which one can believe, withhold belief, or disbelieve a proposition. In other cases, epistemologists theorize about credence, a fine-grained attitude that represents one’s subjective probability or confidence level toward a proposition. How do these two attitudes relate to each other? This article explores the relationship between belief and credence in two categories: descriptive and normative. It then explains the broader significance of the belief-credence connection and concludes with general lessons from the (...)
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  2. Belief and Credence: A Defense of Dualism.Elizabeth Jackson - 2019 - Dissertation, University of Notre Dame
    Belief is a familiar attitude: taking something to be the case or regarding it as true. But we are more confident in some of our beliefs than in others. For this reason, many epistemologists appeal to a second attitude, called credence, similar to a degree of confidence. This raises the question: how do belief and credence relate to each other? On a belief-first view, beliefs are more fundamental and credences are a species of beliefs, e.g. beliefs about probabilities. On a (...)
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  3.  59
    Enhancing Understanding of Moral Distress: The Measure of Moral Distress for Health Care Professionals.Elizabeth G. Epstein, Phyllis B. Whitehead, Chuleeporn Prompahakul, Leroy R. Thacker & Ann B. Hamric - 2019 - AJOB Empirical Bioethics 10 (2):113-124.
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  4.  21
    Effect of a Moral Distress Consultation Service on Moral Distress, Empowerment, and a Healthy Work Environment.Elizabeth G. Epstein, Ruhee Shah & Mary Faith Marshall - 2021 - HEC Forum 35 (1):21-35.
    Background: Healthcare providers who are accountable for patient care safety and quality but who are not empowered to actualize them experience moral distress. Interventions to mitigate moral distress in the healthcare organization are needed. Objective: To evaluate the effect on moral distress and clinician empowerment of an established, health-system-wide intervention, Moral Distress Consultation. Methods: A quasi-experimental, mixed methods study using pre/post surveys, structured interviews, and evaluation of consult themes was used. Consults were requested by staff when moral distress was present. (...)
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  5.  29
    Is Broader Better?Elizabeth G. Epstein, Ashley R. Hurst, Dea Mahanes, Mary Faith Marshall & Ann B. Hamric - 2016 - American Journal of Bioethics 16 (12):15-17.
    In their article “A Broader Understanding of Moral Distress,” Campbell, Ulrich, and Grady (2016) correctly assert that moral distress is well established in the nursing literature and is gaining at...
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  6.  15
    Last orders at the bar? Competition, choice and justice for all - the impact of solicitor-advocacy.G. Hanlon & J. D. Jackson - 1999 - Oxford Journal of Legal Studies 19 (4):555-582.
    This article attempts to locate the solicitor-advocacy reforms in the UK in the context of wider New Right led reforms of the welfare state and suggests that such reforms are part of a broader package aimed at weakening social democracy, encouraging the use of the market as an allocation mechanism and instilling 'efficiency' within and control over the professions. On the basis of interviews with organizational clients in Scotland, it is argued that the reforms may have a significant impact upon (...)
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  7.  27
    The Cartesian Circle.Elizabeth G. Salmon - 1938 - New Scholasticism 12 (4):378-391.
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  8.  12
    Commentary “A Crisis in Comparative Psychology: Where have all the Undergraduates Gone?” Collaborating with Behavior Analysts Could Avert a Crisis in Comparative Psychology.Elizabeth G. E. Kyonka, Shrinidhi Subramaniam, Daniel Bell-Garrison & Matthew L. Eckard - 2015 - Frontiers in Psychology 6.
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  9.  14
    Using Vector Autoregression Modeling to Reveal Bidirectional Relationships in Gender/Sex-Related Interactions in Mother–Infant Dyads.Elizabeth G. Eason, Nicole S. Carver, Damian G. Kelty-Stephen & Anne Fausto-Sterling - 2020 - Frontiers in Psychology 11.
    Vector autoregression (VAR) modeling allows probing bidirectional relationships in gender/sex development and may support hypothesis testing following multi-modal data collection. We show VAR in three lights: supporting a hypothesis, rejecting a hypothesis, and opening up new questions. To illustrate these capacities of VAR, we reanalyzed longitudinal data that recorded dyadic mother-infant interactions for 15 boys and 15 girls aged 3 to 11 months of age. We examined monthly counts of 15 infant behaviors and 13 maternal behaviors (Seifert et al., 1994). (...)
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  10.  13
    Wine, Women and Song: Gender Roles in Corinthian Cult.Elizabeth G. Pemberton - 2000 - Kernos 13:85-106.
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  11.  10
    Challenging procedures used in systematic reviews by promoting a case‐based approach to the analysis of qualitative methods in nursing trials.Elizabeth G. Creamer, Timothy C. Guetterman, Ishtar Govia & Michael D. Fetters - 2021 - Nursing Inquiry 28 (2):e12393.
    This methodological discussion invites critical reflection about the procedures used to analyze the contribution of qualitative and mixed methods research to nursing trials by mounting an argument that these should rest on multiple publications produced about a project, rather than a single article. We illustrate the value‐added of this approach with findings from a qualitative, cross‐case analysis of three critical case exemplars from nursing researchers that each used a qualitative approach with a mixed method phase. The holistic lens afforded by (...)
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  12.  15
    PTSD symptoms in religious leaders: Prevalence, stressors, and associations with narcissism.Elizabeth G. Ruffing, Chance A. Bell & Steven J. Sandage - 2021 - Archive for the Psychology of Religion 43 (1):21-40.
    Religious leaders face numerous mental health challenges, and prior research suggests that some experience symptoms of post-traumatic stress disorder due to work-related experiences. This study employed a diverse sample of 274 religious leaders to qualitatively describe the types of work-related experiences they identify as particularly stressful or overwhelming, assess the prevalence of PTSD symptoms associated with these experiences, and test hypothesized associations between PTSD symptoms and narcissism. The study found that the stressful experiences reported typically involved relational conflict, having limited (...)
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  13.  12
    Christian Philosophy and The Social Sciences.Elizabeth G. Salmon - 1936 - Proceedings of the American Catholic Philosophical Association 12:100-103.
  14.  15
    Ethics and Epistemology.Elizabeth G. Salmon - 1957 - Proceedings of the American Catholic Philosophical Association 31:51-65.
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  15.  13
    Galileo.Elizabeth G. Salmon - 1962 - International Philosophical Quarterly 2 (4):621-628.
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  16.  8
    Galileo.Elizabeth G. Salmon - 1962 - International Philosophical Quarterly 2 (4):621-628.
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  17.  5
    Knowledge and expression.Elizabeth G. Salmon - 1955 - Proceedings of the American Catholic Philosophical Association 29:15-22.
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  18.  7
    Le philosophe et la théologie.Elizabeth G. Salmon - 1961 - International Philosophical Quarterly 1 (4):697-713.
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  19.  8
    What Is Being?OntologyNatural TheologyThe Cause of BeingMetaphysica Generalis.Elizabeth G. Salmon - 1954 - Review of Metaphysics 7 (4):613 - 631.
    This critical study will cover studies in being by F. Van Steenberghen, G. Smith, J. F. Anderson, and G. Esser. Yet if each metaphysician has such difficulty in understanding and in expressing the meaning of "being," one who is comparing these different expressions may be excused if he fail to give full justice to each in that comparison. It can only be hoped that in the attempt to understand these worthwhile expositions of the meaning of "being" one may aid in (...)
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  20.  18
    Mathematical Roots of Cartesian Metaphysics.Elizabeth G. Salmon - 1965 - New Scholasticism 39 (2):158-169.
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  21.  30
    Philosophy and the Unity of Wisdom.Elizabeth G. Salmon - 1953 - Proceedings and Addresses of the American Philosophical Association 27:1.
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  22.  8
    Philosophy of the Sciences.Elizabeth G. Salmon - 1935 - Proceedings of the American Catholic Philosophical Association 11:179-182.
  23.  29
    Physical Sciences and Causality.Elizabeth G. Salmon - 1936 - Proceedings of the American Catholic Philosophical Association 12:117-123.
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  24.  5
    Physical Sciences and Causality.Elizabeth G. Salmon - 1936 - Proceedings of the American Catholic Philosophical Association 12:117-123.
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  25.  29
    Reverend George Bull, S.J.Elizabeth G. Salmon - 1939 - New Scholasticism 13 (2):205-205.
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  26.  41
    Summary of Discussion in Division A.Elizabeth G. Salmon - 1935 - Proceedings of the American Catholic Philosophical Association 11:117-119.
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  27.  5
    Summary of Discussion in Division B.Elizabeth G. Salmon - 1936 - Proceedings of the American Catholic Philosophical Association 12:109-111.
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  28.  7
    Summary of Discussion in Division D.Elizabeth G. Salmon - 1935 - Proceedings of the American Catholic Philosophical Association 11:179-182.
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  29.  6
    Summary of Discussion in Division A.Elizabeth G. Salmon - 1935 - Proceedings of the American Catholic Philosophical Association 11:117-119.
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  30. Third Award of the Cardinal Spellman-Aquinas Medal To Gerard Smith.Elizabeth G. Salmon - 1955 - Proceedings and Addresses of the American Philosophical Association 29:13.
     
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  31.  6
    Third Award of the Cardinal Spellman-Aquinas Medal.Elizabeth G. Salmon - 1955 - Proceedings of the American Catholic Philosophical Association 29:15-22.
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  32.  12
    Third Award of the Cardinal Spellman-Aquinas Medal.Elizabeth G. Salmon - 1955 - Proceedings of the American Catholic Philosophical Association 29:15-22.
  33.  16
    The good in existential metaphysics.Elizabeth G. Salmon - 1953 - Milwaukee,: Marquette University Press.
  34.  15
    The Image of God.Elizabeth G. Salmon - 1965 - New Scholasticism 39 (3):394-397.
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  35.  26
    Some characteristics of achievement motivation.Elizabeth G. French - 1955 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 50 (4):232.
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  36.  15
    Measure for Measure: Condemning the Actor and Not the Fault.Elizabeth G. Epstein, Ashley R. Hurst, Dawn Bourne & Mary Faith Marshall - 2023 - American Journal of Bioethics 23 (4):66-68.
    Kolbe and de Melo-Martin’s (2023) arguments draw attention to what is most useful about moral distress—identifying its causes is at least as important as measuring its severity. Jameton’s original...
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  37.  3
    Women's persistence in undergraduate Majors:: The effects of gender-disproportionate representation.Elizabeth G. Menaghan & Stacy J. Rogers - 1991 - Gender and Society 5 (4):549-564.
    Women's lack of participation in science and technology careers is foreshadowed by their low participation in these undergraduate majors. Kanter's theory of tokenism suggests that the effects of being in the numerical minority are responsible for women's absence from the science and technology pipeline. This article uses data from a sample of undergraduate women at a large state university to consider the effects of gender-disproportionate enrollment on women's persistence in majors. Many of the male-dominated majors were in science and technology (...)
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  38. Permissivism, Underdetermination, and Evidence.Elizabeth Jackson & Margaret Greta Turnbull - 2024 - In Maria Lasonen-Aarnio & Clayton Littlejohn (eds.), The Routledge Handbook of the Philosophy of Evidence. New York, NY: Routledge. pp. 358–370.
    Permissivism is the thesis that, for some body of evidence and a proposition p, there is more than one rational doxastic attitude any agent with that evidence can take toward p. Proponents of uniqueness deny permissivism, maintaining that every body of evidence always determines a single rational doxastic attitude. In this paper, we explore the debate between permissivism and uniqueness about evidence, outlining some of the major arguments on each side. We then consider how permissivism can be understood as an (...)
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  39.  24
    A Health System-wide Moral Distress Consultation Service: Development and Evaluation.Ann B. Hamric & Elizabeth G. Epstein - 2017 - HEC Forum 29 (2):127-143.
    Although moral distress is now a well-recognized phenomenon among all of the healthcare professions, few evidence-based strategies have been published to address it. In morally distressing situations, the “presenting problem” may be a particular patient situation, but most often signals a deeper unit- or system-centered issue. This article describes one institution’s ongoing effort to address moral distress in its providers. We discuss the development and evaluation of the Moral Distress Consultation Service, an interprofessional, unit/system-oriented approach to addressing and ameliorating moral (...)
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  40.  7
    Moral distress experienced by non-Western nurses: An integrative review.Chuleeporn Prompahakul & Elizabeth G. Epstein - 2020 - Nursing Ethics 27 (3):778-795.
    Background: Moral distress has been identified as a significant issue in nursing practice for many decades. However, most studies have involved American nurses or Western medicine settings. Cultural differences between Western and non-Western countries might influence the experience of moral distress. Therefore, the literature regarding moral distress experiences among non-Western nurses is in need of review. Aim: The aim of this integrative review was to identify, describe, and synthesize previous primary studies on moral distress experienced by non-Western nurses. Review method: (...)
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  41.  30
    Reinvigorating ethics consultations: An impetus from the “quality” debate. [REVIEW]Elizabeth G. Nilson & Joseph J. Fins - 2006 - HEC Forum 18 (4):298-304.
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  42.  9
    Looking at the Positive Side of Moral Distress: Why It’s a Problem.Ashley R. Hurst & Elizabeth G. Epstein - 2017 - Journal of Clinical Ethics 28 (1):37-41.
    Moral distress, is, at its core, an organizational problem. It is experienced on a personal level, but its causes originate within the system itself. In this commentary, we argue that moral distress is not inherently good, that effective interventions must address the external sources of moral distress, and that while there is a place for resilience in the healthcare professions, it cannot be an effective antidote to moral distress.
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  43. How Low Can You Go? A Defense of Believing Philosophical Theories.Elizabeth Jackson - forthcoming - In Mark Walker & Sanford Goldberg (eds.), Philosophy with Attitude. OUP.
    What attitude should philosophers take toward their favorite philosophical theories? I argue that the answer is belief and middling to low credence. I begin by discussing why disagreement has motivated the view that we cannot rationally believe our philosophical theories. Then, I show why considerations from disagreement actually better support my view. I provide two additional arguments for my view: the first concerns roles for belief and credence and the second explains why believing one’s philosophical theories is superior to accepting (...)
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  44.  27
    Moral Hazard and Moral Distress: A Marriage Made in Purgatory.Mary Faith Marshall & Elizabeth G. Epstein - 2016 - American Journal of Bioethics 16 (7):46-48.
  45.  22
    The helium film formed from the vapour phasef.L. G. Grimes & L. C. Jackson - 1959 - Philosophical Magazine 4 (42):756-762.
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  46.  9
    The thickness of the saturated helium film above and below the λ-point.L. G. Grimes & L. C. Jackson - 1959 - Philosophical Magazine 4 (48):1346-1355.
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  47.  16
    The Ammonite Language of the Iron Age.Ernest G. Clarke & Kent P. Jackson - 1986 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 106 (2):370.
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  48.  7
    Publication Ethics: Obligations of authors, peer-reviewers, and editors.G. Van Norman & Stephen Jackson - 2010 - In G. A. van Norman, S. Jackson, S. H. Rosenbaum & S. K. Palmer (eds.), Clinical Ethics in Anesthesiology. Cambridge University Press.
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  49.  12
    Zoroastrian Studies: The Iranian Religion and Various Monographs.Roland G. Kent & A. V. Williams Jackson - 1929 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 49:286.
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  50. Pragmatic Arguments for Theism.Elizabeth Jackson - 2023 - In John Greco, Tyler Dalton McNabb & Jonathan Fuqua (eds.), The Cambridge Handbook of Religious Epistemology. Cambridge University Press. pp. 70–82.
    Traditional theistic arguments conclude that God exists. Pragmatic theistic arguments, by contrast, conclude that you ought to believe in God. The two most famous pragmatic theistic arguments are put forth by Blaise Pascal (1662) and William James (1896). Pragmatic arguments for theism can be summarized as follows: believing in God has significant benefits, and these benefits aren’t available for the unbeliever. Thus, you should believe in, or ‘wager on’, God. This article distinguishes between various kinds of theistic wagers, including finite (...)
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