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  1.  29
    Exploring Why and How Journal Editors Retract Articles: Findings From a Qualitative Study.Peter Williams & Elizabeth Wager - 2013 - Science and Engineering Ethics 19 (1):1-11.
    Editors have a responsibility to retract seriously flawed articles from their journals. However, there appears to be little consistency in journals’ policies or procedures for this. In a qualitative study, we therefore interviewed editors of science journals using semi-structured interviews to investigate their experience of retracting articles. We identified potential barriers to retraction, difficulties in the process and also sources of support and encouragement. Our findings have been used as the basis for guidelines developed by the Committee on Publication Ethics.
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  2. Do Declarative Titles Affect Readers’ Perceptions of Research Findings? A Randomized Trial.Tudor P. Toma, Iveta Simera, Douglas G. Altman & Elizabeth Wager - 2016 - Research Integrity and Peer Review 1 (1).
    BackgroundMany journals prohibit the use of declarative titles that state study findings, yet a few journals encourage or even require them. We compared the effects of a declarative versus a descriptive title on readers’ perceptions about the strength of evidence in a research abstract describing a randomized trial.MethodsStudy participants read two abstracts describing studies of a fictitious treatment for a fictitious condition. The first abstract described an uncontrolled, 10-patient, case series, and the second described a randomized, placebo-controlled trial involving 48 (...)
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  3. Cooperation & Liaison Between Universities & Editors (CLUE): Recommendations on Best Practice.Gerrit van Meer, Paul Taylor, Bernd Pulverer, Debra Parrish, Susan King, Lyn Horn, Zoë Hammatt, Chris Graf, Michele Garfinkel, Michael Farthing, Ksenija Bazdaric, Volker Bähr, Sabine Kleinert & Elizabeth Wager - 2021 - Research Integrity and Peer Review 6 (1).
    BackgroundInaccurate, false or incomplete research publications may mislead readers including researchers and decision-makers. It is therefore important that such problems are identified and rectified promptly. This usually involves collaboration between the research institutions and academic journals involved, but these interactions can be problematic.MethodsThese recommendations were developed following discussions at World Conferences on Research Integrity in 2013 and 2017, and at a specially convened 3-day workshop in 2016 involving participants from 7 countries with expertise in publication ethics and research integrity. The (...)
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  4.  7
    Deidentification of Facial Photographs: A Survey of Editorial Policies and Practices.Marija Roguljić, Ivan Buljan, Nika Veček, Ružica Dragun, Matko Marušić, Elizabeth Wager & Ana Marušić - 2022 - Journal of Medical Ethics 48 (1):56-60.
    We analysed all journals from two Journal Citation Reports categories: ‘Dentistry, Oral Surgery and Medicine’ and ‘Otorhinolaryngology’ published in 2018 for their policies on publishing facial photographs and actual practices of publishing these photographs in articles. We extracted the following data for each journal: JCR category, impact factor, volume, issue, instructions for authors regarding ethical issues, instructions for photograph deidentification, journals’ references to standard research and publishing policies, presence and type of published clinical images, separate informed consent for the publication (...)
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  5.  9
    What Patients, Students and Doctors Think About Permission to Publish Patient Photographs in Academic Journals: A Cross-Sectional Survey in Croatia.Marija Roguljić, Tina Poklepović Peričić, Andrea Gelemanović, Anita Jukić, Dina Šimunović, Ivan Buljan, Matko Marušić, Ana Marušić & Elizabeth Wager - 2020 - Science and Engineering Ethics 26 (3):1229-1247.
    Use of patient clinical photographs requires specific attention to confidentiality and privacy. Although there are policies and procedures for publishing clinical images, there is little systematic evidence about what patients and health professionals actually think about consent for publishing clinical images. We investigated the opinions of three stakeholder groups at 3 academic healthcare institutions and 37 private practices in Croatia. The questionnaire contained patient photographs with different levels of anonymization. All three respondent groups considered that more stringent forms of permission (...)
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  6.  16
    Opinions and Potential Solutions Regarding Dissemination Bias From Funding Agencies of Biomedical Research in Europe.Hector Pardo-Hernandez, Gerard Urrútia, Joerg J. Meerpohl, Ana Marušić, Elizabeth Wager & Xavier Bonfill - 2018 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 24 (1):72-79.
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  7.  2
    Good Practice for Conference Abstracts and Presentations: GPCAP.Rianne Stacey, Antonia Panayi, Nina C. Kennard, Steve Banner, Mina Patel, Jackie Marchington, Elizabeth Wager & Cate Foster - 2019 - Research Integrity and Peer Review 4 (1).
    Research that has been sponsored by pharmaceutical, medical device and biotechnology companies is often presented at scientific and medical conferences. However, practices vary between organizations and it can be difficult to follow both individual conference requirements and good publication practice guidelines. Until now, no specific guidelines or recommendations have been available to describe best practice for conference presentations.This document was developed by a working group of publication professionals and uploaded to PeerJ Preprints for consultation prior to publication; an additional 67 (...)
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  8.  1
    Research Integrity and Peer Review—Past Highlights and Future Directions.Elizabeth C. Moylan, Elizabeth Wager, Joerg J. Meerpohl, Maria K. Kowalczuk & Stephanie L. Boughton - 2018 - Research Integrity and Peer Review 3 (1).
    In May 2016, we launched Research Integrity and Peer Review, an international, open access journal with fully open peer review to provide a home for research on research and publication ethics, research reporting, and research on peer review. As the journal enters its third year, we reflect on recent events and highlights for the journal and explore how the journal is faring in terms of gender and diversity in peer review. We also share the particular interests of our Editors-in-Chief regarding (...)
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  9.  1
    A New Forum for Research on Research Integrity and Peer Review.Elizabeth Wager, Iveta Simera, Maria K. Kowalczuk & Stephanie L. Harriman - 2016 - Research Integrity and Peer Review 1 (1).
    This editorial explains why we are launching Research Integrity and Peer Review, a new open-access journal that will provide a home to research on ethics, reporting, and evaluation of research. We discuss how the idea to launch this journal came about and identify the gaps in knowledge where we would like to encourage more research and interdisciplinary discussion. We are particularly keen to receive submissions presenting actual research that will increase our understanding and suggest potential solutions to issues related to (...)
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