Results for 'Elke Bippus'

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  1. Mit-Sein: Gemeinschaft-Ontologische Und Politische Perspektivierungen.Elke Bippus, Thomas Bedorf, Jörg Huber & Dorothee Richter (eds.) - 2010 - Springer.
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  2.  25
    Günther Anders in Silicon Valley: Artificial Intelligence and Moral Atrophy.Elke Schwarz - 2019 - Thesis Eleven 153 (1):94-112.
    Artificial Intelligence as a buzzword and a technological development is presently cast as the ultimate ‘game changer’ for economy and society; a technology of which we cannot be the master, but which nonetheless will have a pervasive influence on human life. The fast pace with which the multi-billion dollar AI industry advances toward the creation of human-level intelligence is accompanied by an increasingly exaggerated chorus of the ‘incredible miracle’, or the ‘incredible horror’, intelligent machines will constitute for humanity, as the (...)
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  3.  38
    Pressure Ulcer Risk Screening in Hospitals and Nursing Homes with a General Nursing Assessment Tool: Evaluation of the Care Dependency Scale.Elke I. Mertens, Ruud J. G. Halfens, Ekkehart Dietz, Ramona Scheufele & Theo Dassen - 2008 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 14 (6):1018-1025.
  4.  22
    Form – A Matter of Generation: The Relation of Generation, Form, and Function in the Epigenetic Theory of Caspar F. Wolff.Elke Witt - 2008 - Science in Context 21 (4):649-664.
    ArgumentThe question, how organisms obtain their specific complex and functional forms, was widely discussed during the eighteenth century. The theory of preformation, which was the dominant theory of generation, was challenged by different alternative epigenetic theories. By the end of the century it was the vitalist approach most famously advocated by Johann Friedrich Blumenbach that prevailed. Yet the alternative theory of generation brought forward by Caspar Friedrich Wolff was an important contribution to the treatment of this question. He turned his (...)
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  5.  34
    Fantasy Proneness, but Not Self-Reported Trauma is Related to DRM Performance of Women Reporting Recovered Memories of Childhood Sexual Abuse.Elke Geraerts, Elke Smeets, Marko Jelicic, Jaap van Heerden & Harald Merckelbach - 2005 - Consciousness and Cognition 14 (3):602-612.
    Extending a strategy previously used by Clancy, Schacter, McNally, and Pitman , we administered a neutral and a trauma-related version of the Deese–Roediger–McDermott paradigm to a sample of women reporting recovered or repressed memories of childhood sexual abuse , women reporting having always remembered their abuse , and women reporting no history of abuse . We found that individuals reporting recovered memories of CSA are more prone than other participants to falsely recalling and recognizing neutral words that were never presented. (...)
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  6.  8
    Predicting Risk Sensitivity in Humans and Lower Animals: Risk as Variance or Coefficient of Variation.Elke U. Weber, Sharoni Shafir & Ann-Renée Blais - 2004 - Psychological Review 111 (2):430-445.
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  7.  31
    Meta-Analyses Are No Substitute for Registered Replications: A Skeptical Perspective on Religious Priming.Michiel van Elk, Dora Matzke, Quentin F. Gronau, Maime Guan, Joachim Vandekerckhove & Eric-Jan Wagenmakers - 2015 - Frontiers in Psychology 6.
  8.  23
    Goethe and the Study of Life: A Comparison with Husserl and Simmel.Elke Weik - 2017 - Continental Philosophy Review 50 (3):335-357.
    In the paper at hand I introduce Goethe’s ontology and methodology for the study of life as an alternative to current theories. ‘Life,’ in its individual, social and/or pan-natural form, has been a recurring topic in the social sciences for the last two centuries and may currently experience a renaissance, if we are to believe Scott Lash. Goethe’s approach is of particular interest because he formulated it as one of the first critical responses to the nascent discipline of biology. It (...)
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  9.  19
    Paranormal Believers Are More Prone to Illusory Agency Detection Than Skeptics.Michiel van Elk - 2013 - Consciousness and Cognition 22 (3):1041-1046.
    It has been hypothesized that illusory agency detection is at the basis of belief in supernatural agents and paranormal beliefs. In the present study a biological motion perception task was used to study illusory agency detection in a group of skeptics and a group of paranormal believers. Participants were required to detect the presence or absence of a human agent in a point-light display. It was found that paranormal believers had a lower perceptual sensitivity than skeptics, which was due to (...)
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  10. Why Contextualists Cannot Know They Are Right: Self-Refuting Implications of Contextualism. [REVIEW]Elke Brendel - 2005 - Acta Analytica 20 (2):38-55.
    Conversational contextualism in epistemology is characterized by four main theses: 1. the indexicality of knowledge claims thesis; 2. the attributor contextualism thesis; 3. the conversational contextualism thesis, and 4. the main thesis of contextualism according to which a knowledge claim can be true in one context and false in another context in which more stringent standards for knowledge are operant. It is argued that these theses taken together generate problems for contextualism. In particular, it is shown that there is no (...)
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  11.  47
    Botany and the Taming of Female Passion: Rousseau and Contemporary Educational Concepts of Young Women. [REVIEW]Elke Kleinau - 2012 - Studies in Philosophy and Education 31 (5):465-476.
    Central in the analyses of women’s and gender studies within the history of education has been Rousseau’s (Emil oder Über die Erziehung, 12th edn. Ferdinand Schöningh, Paderborn 1762) educational novel Emile, especially Book 5, which deals with the education of Sophie, Emilie’s future spouse. Given the lasting interest in the person of Rousseau and his work, it is astonishing that there is a work by him, that has not been a focus of analysis in studies on the history of education, (...)
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  12.  3
    Microsaccade-Rate Indicates Absorption by Music Listening.Elke B. Lange, Fabian Zweck & Petra Sinn - 2017 - Consciousness and Cognition 55:59-78.
  13.  6
    Zeichnung und Fotografie - Statusfragen. Universitäres Zeichnen und naturwissenschaftliche Bildfindung.Elke Schulze - 2005 - Berichte Zur Wissenschafts-Geschichte 28 (2):151-159.
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  14.  26
    Absorption and Spiritual Experience: A Review of Evidence and Potential Mechanisms. [REVIEW]Michael Lifshitz, Michiel van Elk & T. M. Luhrmann - 2019 - Consciousness and Cognition 73:102760.
  15. Intuition Pumps and the Proper Use of Thought Experiments.Elke Brendel - 2004 - Dialectica 58 (1):89–108.
    I begin with an explication of "thought experiment". I then clarify the role that intuitions play in thought experiments by addressing two important issues: (1) the informativeness of thought experiments and (2) the legitimacy of the method of thought experiments in philosophy and the natural sciences. I defend a naturalistic account of intuitions that provides a plausible explanation of the informativeness of thought experiments, which, in turn, allows thought experiments to be reconstructed as arguments. I also specify criteria for distinguishing (...)
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  16.  20
    The Self-Attribution Bias and Paranormal Beliefs.Michiel van Elk - 2017 - Consciousness and Cognition 49:313-321.
  17.  9
    The Market for Academic Knowledge: Its Historical Emergence and Inherent Tensions.Elke Weik - 2014 - British Journal of Educational Studies 62 (4):431-447.
  18.  67
    Black Elk Speaks, John Locke Listens, and the Students Write: Designing and Teaching a Writing Intensive Introduction to Philosophy and Cultural Diversity.Lisa Bergin, Douglas Lewis, Michelle Martinez, Anne Phibbs, Pauline Sargent & Naomi Scheman - 1998 - Teaching Philosophy 21 (1):35-59.
    This paper details the experience of planning, orchestrating, teaching, and participating in a writing-intensive, team-taught, introductory philosophy class designed to expand the diversity of voices included in philosophical study. Accordingly, this article includes the various perspectives of faculty, TAs, and students in the class. Faculty authors discuss the administrative side of the course, including its planning and goals, its texts and structure, its working definition of “philosophy,” its balance of canonical and non-canonical texts, the significant resistance met in getting the (...)
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  19.  14
    Embodied Language Comprehension Requires an Enactivist Paradigm of Cognition.Michiel van Elk, Marc Slors & Harold Bekkering - 2010 - Frontiers in Psychology 1.
  20.  41
    Institutional Entrepreneurship and Agency.Elke Weik - 2011 - Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour 41 (4):466-481.
    The notion of institutional entrepreneurship has become very popular in the last decade. Starting from a review of the literature on the topic, I first focus on the use of the idea of individual entrepreneurs and point out three theoretical incongruities it produces. I then discuss notions of collective entrepreneurship and institutional work to see if they can overcome these incongruities. I conclude that although they can remedy some of the problems, these notions run the risk of describing everything until (...)
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  21. Contextualism, Relativism, and the Semantics of Knowledge Ascriptions.Elke Brendel - 2014 - Philosophical Studies 168 (1):101-117.
    It is argued that neither contextualism nor relativism can provide a satisfying semantics of knowledge ascriptions. According to contextualism, the truth conditions of knowledge ascriptions of the form “S knows that p” vary with the epistemic standards operative in the contexts of utterance. These epistemic standards are determined, in particular, by the speaker’s stakes with regard to p or the consideration of error-possibilities. It is shown that the absolute concept of utterance truth together with a knowledge rule of assertion lead (...)
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  22.  16
    The Left Inferior Parietal Lobe Represents Stored Hand-Postures for Object Use and Action Prediction.Michiel van Elk - 2014 - Frontiers in Psychology 5.
  23.  24
    Traumatic Memories of War Veterans: Not so Special After All☆.Elke Geraerts, Dragica Kozarić-Kovačić, Harald Merckelbach, Tina Peraica, Marko Jelicic & Ingrid Candel - 2007 - Consciousness and Cognition 16 (1):170-177.
    Several authors have argued that traumatic experiences are processed and remembered in a qualitatively different way from neutral events. To investigate this issue, we interviewed 121 Croatian war veterans diagnosed with posttraumatic stress disorder about amnesia, intrusions , and the sensory qualities of their most horrific war memories. Additionally, they completed a self-report scale measuring dissociative experiences. In contrast to what one would expect on the basis of theories emphasizing the special status of traumatic memories, amnesia, and high frequency intrusions (...)
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  24.  33
    Intuition Pumps and the Proper Use of Thought Experiments.Elke Brendel - 2004 - Dialectica 58 (1):89-108.
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  25.  7
    A Fundamental Prediction Error: Self–Others Discrepancies in Risk Preference.Christopher K. Hsee & Elke U. Weber - 1997 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 126 (1):45-53.
  26.  13
    Was Kontextualisten nicht wissen.Elke Brendel - 2003 - Deutsche Zeitschrift für Philosophie 51 (6):1015.
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  27. Understanding Quotation.Elke Brendel, Jörg Meibauer & Markus Steinbach (eds.) - 2011 - De Gruyter Mouton.
  28.  14
    A Return to the Enduring Features of Institutions: A Process Ontology of Reproduction and Endurance.Elke Weik - 2015 - Philosophy of the Social Sciences 45 (3):291-314.
    Why and how do institutions endure? The most characteristic feature of institutions—their longevity—seems to be a neglected topic in current institutional analysis, which overwhelmingly is conducted as an analysis of institutional change. This article, in contrast, attempts to answer some basic questions about institutional endurance and reproduction, most notably how institutional reproduction can be distinguished from institutional endurance, how institutions manage to “bind” time and space, and which role structures “out of time and space” play in this. I explore the (...)
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  29.  7
    The Development of the Illusion of Control and Sense of Agency in 7- to-12-Year Old Children and Adults.Michiel van Elk, Bastiaan T. Rutjens & Joop van der Pligt - 2015 - Cognition 145:1-12.
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  30.  14
    Discounting Future Green: Money Versus the Environment.David J. Hardisty & Elke U. Weber - 2009 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 138 (3):329-340.
  31.  69
    Coherence Theory of Knowledge: A Gradational Account. [REVIEW]Elke Brendel - 1999 - Erkenntnis 50 (2-3):293-307.
    A satisfactory theory of knowledge in which the shortcomings of a pure externalist account are avoided and in which the Gettier problem is solved should consist in a combination of externalist and internalist components. The internalist component should guarantee that the epistemic subject has cognitive access to the justifying grounds of her belief. And the externalist component should guarantee that the justification of her belief does not depend on any false statement. Keith Lehrer's coherence theory of knowledge as undefeated justification (...)
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  32.  22
    Intuition Pumps and the Proper Use of Thought Experiments.Elke Brendel - 2004 - Dialectica 58 (1):89-108.
    I begin with an explication of “thought experiment”. I then clarify the role that intuitions play in thought experiments by addressing two important issues: the informativeness of thought experiments and the legitimacy of the method of thought experiments in philosophy and the natural sciences. I defend a naturalistic account of intuitions that provides a plausible explanation of the informativeness of thought experiments, which, in turn, allows thought experiments to be reconstructed as arguments. I also specify criteria for distinguishing bad “intuition (...)
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  33.  20
    Kant’s Ground-Thesis. On Dignity and Value in the Groundwork.Dieter Schönecker & Elke Elisabath Schmidt - 2018 - Journal of Value Inquiry 52 (1):81-95.
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  34.  16
    Learning to Use Novel Objects: A Training Study on the Acquisition of Novel Action Representations.M. van Elk, M. Paulus, C. Pfeiffer, H. T. van Schie & H. Bekkering - 2011 - Consciousness and Cognition 20 (4):1304-1314.
    Many studies have suggested that the motor system is organized in a hierarchical fashion, around the prototypical end location associated with using objects. However, most studies supporting the hierarchical view have used well-known actions and objects that are highly over-learned. Accordingly, at present it is unclear if the hierarchical principle applies to learning the use of novel objects as well. In the present study we found that when learning to use a novel object subjects acquired an action representation of the (...)
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  35.  11
    Agter Elke Man: Onderweg Na Inklusiewe Taalgebruik in Die Afrikaanse Kerklied.Ockie C. Vermeulen - 2016 - Hts Theological Studies 72 (1):01-09.
    This article discusses the lack of inclusive language in the Liedboek van die kerk, which still remains the official hymnal of the Afrikaans Reformed churches in South Africa. Because there seems to be a general misconception about inclusive language, especially in this particular religious context, I will argue that the use of inclusive language will not only help to counteract the current identity crisis the church is experiencing, but will also reflect Christ's theology of inclusivity during his time on earth. (...)
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  36.  3
    Being a Psychotherapist in Times of the Novel Coronavirus Disease: Stress-Level, Job Anxiety, and Fear of Coronavirus Disease Infection in More Than 1,500 Psychotherapists in Austria. [REVIEW]Thomas Probst, Elke Humer, Peter Stippl & Christoph Pieh - 2020 - Frontiers in Psychology 11.
  37.  21
    Short-Term Action Intentions Overrule Long-Term Semantic Knowledge.M. van Elk, H. T. van Schie & H. Bekkering - 2009 - Cognition 111 (1):72-83.
  38.  2
    Symbolic Communication in Multidisciplinary Cooperations.Elke Duncker - 2001 - Science, Technology, and Human Values 26 (3):349-386.
    With the advent of strategic science, multidisciplinary and cross-institutional research is more and more becoming the rule. The problems encountered by such multidisciplinary research and development cooperations are highly varied. They derive from multiple differences in the backgrounds of the participants and are often perceived as cultural gaps that need to be bridged for cooperation. The main argument of the article is that multidisciplinary collaborations have mechanisms at their disposal to cooperate despite multiple problems counteracting such a cooperation. Since symbolic (...)
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  39.  22
    Feministisch von Gott reden?: Eine Auseinandersetzung mit Rosemary Radford Ruethers Buch »Sexismus und die Rede von Gott«.Elke Axmacher - 1991 - Zeitschrift Für Evangelische Ethik 35 (1):5-20.
    The study attempts to conduct a fundamental theological discussion with Feminist Theology, a new variety ofLiberation Theology. The basis for this discussion is R. R. Ruether's book Sexism and God- Talk, which can be viewed as the first attempt at a feminist dogmatic theology. The study concludes that the theological foundation of this Christian Feminism is a monistic-pantheistic understanding of God which results in an ethic with distinct totalitarian tendencies.
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  40.  6
    Die Wahrheit Èuber den Lèugner Eine Philosophisch-Logische Analyse der Antinomie des Lèugners.Elke Brendel - 1992 - De Gruyter.
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  41. Contextualist Approaches to Epistemology: Problems and Prospects.Elke Brendel & Christoph Jäger - 2004 - Erkenntnis 61 (2-3):143 - 172.
    In this paper we survey some main arguments for and against epistemological contextualism. We distinguish and discuss various kinds of contextualism, such as attributer contextualism (the most influential version of which is semantic, conversational, or radical contextualism); indexicalism; proto-contextualism; Wittgensteinian contextualism; subject, inferential, or issue contextualism; epistemic contextualism; and virtue contextualism. Starting with a sketch of Dretske's Relevant Alternatives Theory and Nozick's Tracking Account of Knowledge, we reconstruct the history of various forms of contextualism and the ways contextualists try to (...)
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  42.  16
    The Effect of Limb Crossing and Limb Congruency on Multisensory Integration in Peripersonal Space for the Upper and Lower Extremities.Michiel van Elk, Joachim Forget & Olaf Blanke - 2013 - Consciousness and Cognition 22 (2):545-555.
    The present study investigated how multisensory integration in peripersonal space is modulated by limb posture and limb congruency . This was done separately for the upper limbs and the lower limbs . The crossmodal congruency task was used to measure peripersonal space integration for the hands and the feet. It was found that the peripersonal space representation for the hands but not for the feet is dynamically updated based on both limb posture and limb congruency. Together these findings show how (...)
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  43.  84
    Social Judgement Theory.Michael E. Doherty & Elke M. Kurz - 1996 - Thinking and Reasoning 2 (2 & 3):109 – 140.
    This paper first explores a number of themes in the psychological system developed by the Austrian-American psychologist, Egon Brunswik, focusing on those that had a formative influence on Social Judgement Theory. We show that while perception was a recurring ground for Brunswik's empirical and theoretical work, his psychology was a psychology of cognition in the broadest sense. Next, two major themes in Social Judgement Theory functionalism and probabilism are described, and the elegant formulation known as Brunswik's Lens Model is introduced. (...)
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  44.  16
    I Feel Who I See: Visual Body Identity Affects Visual–Tactile Integration in Peripersonal Space.R. Salomon, M. van Elk, J. E. Aspell & O. Blanke - 2012 - Consciousness and Cognition 21 (3):1355-1364.
    Recent studies have shown the importance of integrating multisensory information in the body representation for constituting self-consciousness. However, one idea that has received only scant attention is that our body representation is also constituted by knowledge of bodily visual characteristics . Here in two experiments we used a full body crossmodal congruency task in which visual distractors were presented on a photograph of the participant, another person, who was either familiar or unfamiliar, or an object. Results revealed that during the (...)
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  45. National Identity in Eu Law.Elke Cloots - 2015 - Oxford University Press.
    With a focus on how national identity impacts the decision-making of the European Court of Justice, Elke Cloots provides an innovative adjudication scheme that purports to assist the ECJ in its search for a proper balance between respect for national identity and European integration.
     
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  46. Sára Bereczki: Wittgensteins Sprachspiel und die Spieltheorie. Wittgensteins Spätphilosophie und ihre Relevanz für das Verständnis ökonomischer Rationalität. München: Herbert Utz Verlag 2018, 220 Seiten, 59,00 € (Paperback), ISBN 978-3-8316-4706-4. [REVIEW]Elke Muchlinski - 2020 - Wittgenstein-Studien 11 (1):305-310.
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  47. Seeking the Supernatural: The Interactive Religious Experience Model.Neil Van Leeuwen & Michiel van Elk - 2019 - Religion, Brain and Behavior 9 (3):221-275.
    [OPEN ACCESS TARGET ARTICLE WITH COMMENTARIES AND RESPONSE] We develop a new model of how human agency-detection capacities and other socio-cognitive biases are involved in forming religious beliefs. Crucially, we distinguish general religious beliefs (such as *God exists*) from personal religious beliefs that directly refer to the agent holding the belief or to her peripersonal time and space (such as *God appeared to _me_ last night*). On our model, people acquire general religious beliefs mostly from their surrounding culture; however, people (...)
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  48.  18
    Query Theory: Knowing What We Want by Arguing with Ourselves.Elke U. Weber & Eric J. Johnson - 2011 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 34 (2):91-92.
  49.  8
    The Epistemic Function of Virtuous Dispositions.Elke Brendel - 2009 - In Debating Dispositions: Issues in Metaphysics, Epistemology and Philosophy of Mind. Walter de Gruyter. pp. 320-340.
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  50.  3
    Shallow Water at China’s Coast: Depicting Dangers on Early Modern Chinese Maps.Elke Papelitzky - 2021 - Isis 112 (1):111-121.
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