79 found
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  1.  49
    Autonomy.Ellen Frankel Paul, Fred Dycus Miller & Jeffrey Paul (eds.) - 2003 - Cambridge University Press.
    A central idea in moral and political philosophy, 'autonomy' is generally understood as some form of self-governance or self-direction. Certain Stoics, modern philosophers such as Spinoza, and most importantly, Immanuel Kant, are among the great philosophers who have offered important insights on the concept. Some theorists analyze autonomy in terms of the self being moved by its higher-order desires. Others argue that autonomy must be understood in terms of acting from reason or from a sense of moral duty independent of (...)
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  2. Liberalism: Old and New: Volume 24, Part 1.Ellen Frankel Paul, Miller Jr & Jeffrey Paul (eds.) - 2007 - Cambridge University Press.
    In this collection, thirteen prominent philosophers and political scientists address the nature of liberalism, its origins, and its meaning and proper interpretation. Some essays examine the writings of liberalism's earliest defenders, like John Locke and Adam Smith, or the influence of classical liberalism on the American founders. Some focus on the Progressive movement and the rise of the administrative state, while others defend particular conceptions of liberalism or examine liberal theories of justice, including those of John Rawls and Robert Nozick. (...)
     
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  3. Taxation, Economic Prosperity, and Distributive Justice: Volume 23, Part 2.Ellen Frankel Paul, Miller Jr & Jeffrey Paul (eds.) - 2006 - Cambridge University Press.
    What constitutes a just tax system, and what are its moral foundations? Should a society's tax regime be designed to achieve a just distribution of wealth among its citizens, or should such a regime be designed to promote economic growth, rising standards of living, and increasing levels of employment? Are these two goals compatible or incompatible? Why should justice not require, or at least lead to, an increase in general prosperity? The essays in this volume examine the history of tax (...)
     
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  4. Autonomy.Ellen Frankel Paul, Fred D. Miller & Jeffrey Paul - 2007 - Philosophical Quarterly 57 (227):311-313.
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  5. Cultural Pluralism and Moral Knowledge.Ellen Frankel Paul, Fred Dycus Miller & Jeffrey Paul - 1994
     
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  6.  53
    J. S. Mill: The Utilitarian Influence in the Demise of Laissez-Faire.Ellen Frankel Paul - 1978 - Journal of Libertarian Studies 2 (2):135-149.
  7.  61
    Personal Identity.Ellen Frankel Paul, Fred Dycus Miller & Jeffrey Paul (eds.) - 2005 - Cambridge University Press.
    What is a person? What makes me the same person today that I was yesterday or will be tomorrow? Philosophers have long pondered these questions. In Plato's Symposium, Socrates observed that all of us are constantly undergoing change: we experience physical changes to our bodies, as well as changes in our 'manners, customs, opinions, desires, pleasures, pains, [and] fears'. Aristotle theorized that there must be some underlying 'substratum' that remains the same even as we undergo these changes. John Locke rejected (...)
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  8.  9
    Altruism.John Campbell, Ellen Frankel Paul, Fred D. Miller Jr & Jeffrey Paul - 1995 - Philosophical Review 104 (3):482.
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  9. The New Social Contract: Essays on Gauthier.Ellen Frankel Paul (ed.) - 1988 - B. Blackwell for the Social Philosophy and Policy Center, Bowling Green State University.
     
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  10.  30
    The Just Takings Issue.Ellen Frankel Paul - 1981 - Environmental Ethics 3 (4):309-328.
    Courts and legal commentators have been notoriously unsuccessful in articulating a rule to differentiate between uncompensated police power regulations of land by govemment and situations in which the govemment can only interfere with property rights if it provides compensation to those owners who suffer losses. Noticeably absent from most discussions of this “takings” issue is any foundational underpinning in a theory of justice with respect to property holdings. Can two of the most influential contemporary theories ofjustice-that of John Rawls and (...)
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  11.  39
    On Three.Ellen Frankel Paul - 1983 - The Monist 66 (4):529-544.
    “What is the basis of political legitimacy?” This question is one that lies at the foundation of any political theory, for the answer to it will determine virtually all subsequent questions relating to the relationship between man and the state. However, intricately related to this question is another, perhaps equally fundamental if not more so than this concerning the basis of political legitimacy. John Locke, for instance, in his The Second Treatise of Government, entertained the subject “What is political or (...)
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  12.  57
    On Three "Inherent" Powers of Government.Ellen Frankel Paul - 1983 - The Monist 66 (4):529-544.
    “What is the basis of political legitimacy?” This question is one that lies at the foundation of any political theory, for the answer to it will determine virtually all subsequent questions relating to the relationship between man and the state. However, intricately related to this question is another, perhaps equally fundamental if not more so than this concerning the basis of political legitimacy. John Locke, for instance, in his The Second Treatise of Government, entertained the subject “What is political or (...)
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  13.  44
    Responsibility.Ellen Frankel Paul, Fred Dycus Miller & Jeffrey Paul (eds.) - 1999 - Cambridge University Press.
    The essays in this volume address questions about responsibility that arise in moral philosophy and legal theory. Some analyse different theories of causality, asking which theory offers the best account of human agency and the most satisfactory resolution of troubling controversies about free will and determinism. Some essays look at responsibility in the legal realm, seeking to determine how the law should assign liability for negligence, or whether the courts should allow defendants to offer excuses for their wrongdoing or to (...)
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  14. Self-Interest: Volume 14, Part 1.Ellen Frankel Paul, Miller Jr & Jeffrey Paul (eds.) - 1997 - Cambridge University Press.
    '[T]he good man should be a lover of self.' Aristotle wrote. 'For he will both himself profit by doing noble acts, and will benefit his fellows … '. Yet in much of contemporary moral philosophy, concern for one's own interests is considered a non-moral issue, while concern for the interests of others is paradigmatically moral. Indeed, a central issue in ethical theory involves the proper balance to be struck between prudence and morality, between the pursuit of one's own good and (...)
     
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  15.  4
    Herbert Spencer: The Historicist as a Failed Prophet.Ellen Frankel Paul - 1983 - Journal of the History of Ideas 44 (4):619.
  16. On the Theory of the Social Contract Within the Natural Rights Tradition.Ellen Frankel Paul - 1978 - Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 59 (1):9.
  17.  8
    The Just Takings Issue.Ellen Frankel Paul - 1981 - Environmental Ethics 3 (4):309-328.
    Courts and legal commentators have been notoriously unsuccessful in articulating a rule to differentiate between uncompensated police power regulations of land by govemment and situations in which the govemment can only interfere with property rights if it provides compensation to those owners who suffer losses. Noticeably absent from most discussions of this “takings” issue is any foundational underpinning in a theory of justice with respect to property holdings. Can two of the most influential contemporary theories ofjustice-that of John Rawls and (...)
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  18. The Time Frame Theory of Governmental Legitimacy.Ellen Frankel Paul - 1979 - Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 60 (2):151.
     
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  19.  15
    Rights and Reason: An Introduction to the Philosophy of Rights.Ellen Frankel Paul - 2005 - Review of Metaphysics 58 (4):896-898.
    Of the historical figures that Gorman examines, none is more antithetical to the pluralist account of often antagonistic and conflicting rights that he favors than John Locke. To the questions that he poses for Plato and Hobbes—about how rights can be authoritative, how individual choices can be constrained by rights, how rights can be justified, and how can such moral considerations motivate people—he finds in Locke the most simplistic and unsatisfactory answers. Locke’s reliance on both God and reason to ground (...)
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  20.  8
    Fetal Protection and Freedom of Contract.Ellen Frankel Paul - 1992 - Public Affairs Quarterly 6 (3):305-326.
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  21.  3
    W. Stanley Jevons: Economic Revolutionary, Political Utilitarian. [REVIEW]Ellen Frankel Paul - 1979 - Journal of the History of Ideas 40 (2):267.
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  22. Philosophy and Law.Jules L. Coleman & Ellen Frankel Paul (eds.) - 1987 - B. Blackwell for the Social Philosophy and Policy Center, Bowling Green State University.
     
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  23. After Socialism: Volume 20, Part 1.Ellen Frankel Paul, Fred D. Miller & Jeffrey Paul - 2003 - Cambridge University Press.
    In this collection, twelve philosophers, historians, and political philosophers-scholars with a diverse set of disciplinary and political leanings-assess aspects of socialism in light of its recent reversals. Some of the essays consider what made the socialist project seem compelling to its advocates, examining the moral and political values that made socialism appealing to intellectuals. Others evaluate whether there are aspects of socialism that ought to be preserved, such as its quest for equality and community. Some essays examine whether free-market systems (...)
     
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  24. Altruism: Volume 10, Part 1.Ellen Frankel Paul, Miller Jr & Jeffrey Paul - 1993 - Cambridge University Press.
    Confronting crucial and difficult issues, the ten authors whose essays appear in this volume offer fresh perspectives on the nature and value of altruism. This collection of essays on moral philosophy deal with the balance to be struck between egoism and altruism - that is, between pursuing one's own interests and serving the interest of others - and with related issues. Contributions examine the relationship between altruism and rationality; consider cases in which one's personal needs and goals may legitimately be (...)
     
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  25. Autonomy: Volume 20, Part 2.Ellen Frankel Paul, Fred D. Miller Jr & Jeffrey Paul (eds.) - 2003 - Cambridge University Press.
    A central idea in moral and political philosophy, 'autonomy' is generally understood as some form of self-governance or self-direction. Certain Stoics, modern philosophers such as Spinoza, and most importantly, Immanuel Kant, are among the great philosophers who have offered important insights on the concept. Some theorists analyze autonomy in terms of the self being moved by its higher-order desires. Others argue that autonomy must be understood in terms of acting from reason or from a sense of moral duty independent of (...)
     
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  26.  6
    Bioethics.Ellen Frankel Paul, Fred Dycus Miller & Jeffrey Paul (eds.) - 2002 - Cambridge University Press.
    Technological innovations and social developments have led to dramatic changes in the practice of medicine and in the way that scientists conduct medical research. Change has brought beneficial consequences, yet these gains have come at a cost, for many modern medical practices raise troubling ethical questions: Should life be sustained mechanically when the brain's functions have ceased? Should potential parents be permitted to manipulate the genetic characteristics of their embryos? Should society ration medical care to control costs? Should fetal stem (...)
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  27. Business Abroad.Ellen Frankel Paul - 1988 - In Tibor R. Machan (ed.), Commerce and Morality. Rowman & Littlefield.
     
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  28. Bioethics: Volume 19, Part 2.Ellen Frankel Paul, Jnr Miller & Jeffrey Paul (eds.) - 2002 - Cambridge University Press.
    Technological innovations and social developments have led to dramatic changes in the practice of medicine and in the way that scientists conduct medical research. Change has brought beneficial consequences, yet these gains have come at a cost, for many modern medical practices raise troubling ethical questions: Should life be sustained mechanically when the brain's functions have ceased? Should potential parents be permitted to manipulate the genetic characteristics of their embryos? Should society ration medical care to control costs? Should fetal stem (...)
     
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  29. Crime, Culpability, and Remedy.Ellen Frankel Paul, Fred Dycus Miller & Jeffrey Paul - 1990
     
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  30. Contemporary Political and Social Philosophy.Ellen Frankel Paul, Fred Dycus Miller & Jeffrey Paul (eds.) - 1995 - Cambridge University Press.
    These essays represent the latest research of a number of prominent political theorists. The essays explore the role of government, the nature of public discourse and the obligations of citizens. Some examine the sources of our need for government, asking what form of government we should establish and whether a single form can be suitable for all societies. Some seek to discover the proper aims of government - asking, for example, whether government should promote equality among its citizens or whether (...)
     
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  31. Cultural Pluralism and Moral Knowledge: Volume 11, Part 1.Ellen Frankel Paul, Miller Jr & Jeffrey Paul (eds.) - 1994 - Cambridge University Press.
    The essays in Cultural Pluralism and Moral Knowledge deal with philosophical issues that arise from the existence of a diversity of cultural traditions. The discussions range from broad examinations of the relevance of cultural pluralism to morality, to studies of specific cultural practices. Some essays explore the relationship between pluralism and political theory; some contrast pluralism with relativism or distinguish it from reasonable disagreement. Others propose and defend a set of principles that apply to all societies, forming the foundation of (...)
     
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  32. Contemporary Political and Social Philosophy: Volume 12, Part 1.Ellen Frankel Paul, Miller Jr & Jeffrey Paul - 1995 - Cambridge University Press.
    These essays represent the latest research of a number of prominent political theorists. The essays explore the role of government, the nature of public discourse and the obligations of citizens. Some examine the sources of our need for government, asking what form of government we should establish and whether a single form can be suitable for all societies. Some seek to discover the proper aims of government - asking, for example, whether government should promote equality among its citizens or whether (...)
     
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  33. Democracy: Volume 17, Part 1.Ellen Frankel Paul, Miller Jr & Jeffrey Paul (eds.) - 2000 - Cambridge University Press.
    The essays in this volume, first published in 2000, explore questions about democracy that are relevant to political philosophy and political theory. Some essays discuss the appropriate ends of government or examine the difficulties involved in determining and carrying out the will of the people. Some address questions relating to the kinds of influence citizens can or should have over their representatives, asking, for example, whether individuals have a duty to vote, or whether inequalities in political influence among citizens can (...)
     
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  34. Ethics, Politics, and Human Nature.Ellen Frankel Paul - 1990 - Basil Blackwell for the Social Philosophy and Policy Center, Bowling Green State University.
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  35. Economic Rights.Ellen Frankel Paul, Miller Jr & Jeffrey Paul - 1992 - Cambridge University Press.
    Economic rights - rights to use, possess, exchange, and otherwise dispose of property - are at the centre of some of the most important and fundamental disputes in Western moral and political theory. This book provides a fresh look at assumptions that are sometimes overlooked in debates about capitalism, socialism and the welfare state. Essays in this book by internationally renowned academic lawyers, economists, and philosophers, explore what sort of economic rights people ought to have, how they ought to be (...)
     
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  36. Freedom of Association: Volume 25, Part 2.Ellen Frankel Paul, Miller Jr & Jeffrey Paul (eds.) - 2009 - Cambridge University Press.
    Freedom of association is a cherished liberal value, both for classical liberals who are generally antagonistic toward government interference in the choices made by individuals, and for contemporary liberals who are more sanguine about the role of government. However, there are fundamental differences between the two viewpoints in the status that they afford to associational freedom. While classical liberals ground their support for freedom of association on the core notion of individual liberty, contemporary liberals usually conceive of freedom of association (...)
     
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  37. Foundations of Moral and Political Philosophy.Ellen Frankel Paul, Fred Dycus Miller & Jeffrey Paul - 1989 - Blackwell.
     
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  38. Freedom of Speech: Volume 21, Part 2.Ellen Frankel Paul, Fred D. Miller & Jeffrey Paul - 2004 - Cambridge University Press.
    Whether free speech is defended as a fundamental right that inheres in each individual, or as a guarantee that all of society's members will have a voice in democratic decision-making, the central role of expressive freedom in liberating the human spirit is undeniable. Freedom of expression will, as the essays in this volume illuminate, encounter new and continuing controversies in the twenty-first century. Advances in digital technology raise pressing questions regarding freedom of speech and, with it, intellectual property and privacy (...)
     
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  39.  56
    Human Flourishing.Ellen Frankel Paul, Fred Dycus Miller & Jeffrey Paul (eds.) - 1999 - Cambridge University Press.
    The essays in this volume examine the nature of human flourishing and its relationship to a variety of other key concepts in moral theory. Some of them trace the link between flourishing and human nature, asking whether a theory of human nature can allow us to develop an objective list of goods that are of value to all agents, regardless of their individual purposes or aims. Some essays look at the role of friendships or parent-child relationships in a good life, (...)
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  40. Human Flourishing: Volume 16, Part 1.Ellen Frankel Paul, Fred D. Miller & Jeffrey Paul (eds.) - 1999 - Cambridge University Press.
    The essays in this volume examine the nature of human flourishing and its relationship to a variety of other key concepts in moral theory. Some of them trace the link between flourishing and human nature, asking whether a theory of human nature can allow us to develop an objective list of goods that are of value to all agents, regardless of their individual purposes or aims. Some essays look at the role of friendships or parent-child relationships in a good life, (...)
     
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  41.  27
    Justice and Global Politics.Ellen Frankel Paul, Fred Dycus Miller & Jeffrey Paul (eds.) - 2006 - Cambridge University Press.
    Since the end of the Cold War, there has been increasing interest in the global dimensions of a host of public policy issues - issues involving war and peace, terrorism, international law, regulation of commerce, environmental protection, and disparities of wealth, income, and access to medical care. Especially pressing is the question of whether it is possible to formulate principles of justice that are valid not merely within a single society but across national borders. The thirteen essays in this volume (...)
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  42. Justice and Global Politics: Volume 23, Part 1.Ellen Frankel Paul, Miller Jr & Jeffrey Paul (eds.) - 2006 - Cambridge University Press.
    Since the end of the Cold War, there has been increasing interest in the global dimensions of a host of public policy issues - issues involving war and peace, terrorism, international law, regulation of commerce, environmental protection, and disparities of wealth, income, and access to medical care. Especially pressing is the question of whether it is possible to formulate principles of justice that are valid not merely within a single society but across national borders. The thirteen essays in this volume (...)
     
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  43. Liberalism and Capitalism: Volume 28, Part 2.Ellen Frankel Paul, Miller Jr & Jeffrey Paul (eds.) - 2011 - Cambridge University Press.
    What are the core values of liberalism and how can they best be promoted? Liberals in the classical tradition championed individual freedom, limited government and a capitalist economic system with strong rights to private property. Contemporary liberals, in contrast, embrace more egalitarian values and allow for a far more prominent role for government intervention in the market to reduce inequality, redistribute wealth and regulate economic activity. What accounts for these very disparate liberal views of property rights and economic freedom? How (...)
     
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  44. Liberty and Equality.Ellen Frankel Paul, F. Miller & J. Paul - 1987 - Tijdschrift Voor Filosofie 49 (2):357-357.
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  45. Liberalism: Old and New: Volume 24, Part 1.Ellen Frankel Paul, Miller Jr & Jeffrey Paul (eds.) - 2007 - Cambridge University Press.
    In this collection, thirteen prominent philosophers and political scientists address the nature of liberalism, its origins, and its meaning and proper interpretation. Some essays examine the writings of liberalism's earliest defenders, like John Locke and Adam Smith, or the influence of classical liberalism on the American founders. Some focus on the Progressive movement and the rise of the administrative state, while others defend particular conceptions of liberalism or examine liberal theories of justice, including those of John Rawls and Robert Nozick. (...)
     
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  46.  27
    Morality and Politics.Ellen Frankel Paul, Fred Dycus Miller & Jeffrey Paul (eds.) - 2004 - Cambridge University Press.
    Divisions abound as to whether politics should be held responsible to a higher moral standard or whether pragmatic considerations, or realpolitik, should prevail. The two poles are represented most conspicuously by Aristotle (for whom the proper aim of politics is moral virtue) and Machiavelli (whose prince exalted political pragmatism over morality). The fourteen contributions to this volume address perennial concerns in political and moral theory. They underscore the rekindled yearning of many to hold the political realm to a higher standard (...)
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  47. Morality and Politics: Volume 21, Part 1.Ellen Frankel Paul, Miller Jr & Jeffrey Paul (eds.) - 2004 - Cambridge University Press.
    Complicating the ancient debate over the intersection of morality and politics are diverse definitions of fundamental concepts: the right and the good, virtue and vice, personal liberty and public interest. Divisions abound, also, about whether politics should be held to a higher moral standard or whether pragmatic considerations or realpolitik should prevail. Perhaps the two poles are represented most conspicuously by Aristotle and Machiavelli. These essays address perennial concerns in political and moral theory and underscore the rekindled yearning of many (...)
     
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  48.  25
    Moral Knowledge.Ellen Frankel Paul, Fred Dycus Miller & Jeffrey Paul (eds.) - 2001 - Cambridge University Press.
    Philosophers since ancient times have pondered how we can know whether moral claims are true or false. The first half of the twentieth century witnessed widespread skepticism concerning the possibility of moral knowledge. Indeed, some argued that moral statements lacked cognitive content altogether, because they were not susceptible to empirical verification. The British philosopher A. J. Ayer contends that 'They are pure expressions of feeling and as such do not come under the category of truth and falsehood. They are unverifiable (...)
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  49. Moral Knowledge: Volume 18, Part 2.Ellen Frankel Paul, Miller Jr & Jeffrey Paul (eds.) - 2001 - Cambridge University Press.
    Philosophers since ancient times have pondered how we can know whether moral claims are true or false. The first half of the twentieth century witnessed widespread skepticism concerning the possibility of moral knowledge. Indeed, some argued that moral statements lacked cognitive content altogether, because they were not susceptible to empirical verification. The British philosopher A. J. Ayer contends that 'They are pure expressions of feeling and as such do not come under the category of truth and falsehood. They are unverifiable (...)
     
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  50. Moral Obligation.Ellen Frankel Paul, Fred Dycus Miller & Jeffrey Paul (eds.) - 2010 - Cambridge University Press.
    The notion of obligation of what an agent owes to himself, to others, or to society generally occupies a central place in morality. But what are the sources of our moral obligations and what are their limits? To what extent do obligations vary in their stringency and severity, and does it make sense to talk about imperfect obligations, that is, obligations that leave the individual with a broad range of freedom to determine how and when to fulfil them? The twelve (...)
     
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