77 found
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  1.  54
    Autonomy.Ellen Frankel Paul, Fred Dycus Miller & Jeffrey Paul (eds.) - 2003 - Cambridge University Press.
    A central idea in moral and political philosophy, 'autonomy' is generally understood as some form of self-governance or self-direction. Certain Stoics, modern philosophers such as Spinoza, and most importantly, Immanuel Kant, are among the great philosophers who have offered important insights on the concept. Some theorists analyze autonomy in terms of the self being moved by its higher-order desires. Others argue that autonomy must be understood in terms of acting from reason or from a sense of moral duty independent of (...)
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  2.  3
    The New Social Contract: Essays on Gauthier.Ellen Frankel Paul (ed.) - 1988 - B. Blackwell for the Social Philosophy and Policy Center, Bowling Green State University.
  3. Liberalism: Old and New: Volume 24, Part 1.Ellen Frankel Paul, Miller Jr & Jeffrey Paul (eds.) - 2007 - Cambridge University Press.
    In this collection, thirteen prominent philosophers and political scientists address the nature of liberalism, its origins, and its meaning and proper interpretation. Some essays examine the writings of liberalism's earliest defenders, like John Locke and Adam Smith, or the influence of classical liberalism on the American founders. Some focus on the Progressive movement and the rise of the administrative state, while others defend particular conceptions of liberalism or examine liberal theories of justice, including those of John Rawls and Robert Nozick. (...)
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  4. Taxation, Economic Prosperity, and Distributive Justice: Volume 23, Part 2.Ellen Frankel Paul, Miller Jr & Jeffrey Paul (eds.) - 2006 - Cambridge University Press.
    What constitutes a just tax system, and what are its moral foundations? Should a society's tax regime be designed to achieve a just distribution of wealth among its citizens, or should such a regime be designed to promote economic growth, rising standards of living, and increasing levels of employment? Are these two goals compatible or incompatible? Why should justice not require, or at least lead to, an increase in general prosperity? The essays in this volume examine the history of tax (...)
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  5. Autonomy.Ellen Frankel Paul, Fred D. Miller & Jeffrey Paul - 2007 - Philosophical Quarterly 57 (227):311-313.
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  6.  1
    Cultural Pluralism and Moral Knowledge.Ellen Frankel Paul & Fred Dycus Miller - 1994
    The essays in Cultural Pluralism and Moral Knowledge deal with philosophical issues that arise from the existence of a diversity of cultural traditions. The discussions range from broad examinations of the relevance of cultural pluralism to morality, to studies of specific cultural practices. Some essays explore the relationship between pluralism and political theory; some contrast pluralism with relativism or distinguish it from reasonable disagreement. Others propose and defend a set of principles that apply to all societies, forming the foundation of (...)
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  7. The Time Frame Theory of Governmental Legitimacy.Ellen Frankel Paul - 1979 - Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 60 (2):151.
     
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  8.  31
    The Just Takings Issue.Ellen Frankel Paul - 1981 - Environmental Ethics 3 (4):309-328.
    Courts and legal commentators have been notoriously unsuccessful in articulating a rule to differentiate between uncompensated police power regulations of land by govemment and situations in which the govemment can only interfere with property rights if it provides compensation to those owners who suffer losses. Noticeably absent from most discussions of this “takings” issue is any foundational underpinning in a theory of justice with respect to property holdings. Can two of the most influential contemporary theories ofjustice-that of John Rawls and (...)
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  9.  12
    Altruism.John Campbell, Ellen Frankel Paul, Fred D. Miller Jr & Jeffrey Paul - 1995 - Philosophical Review 104 (3):482.
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  10.  9
    The Just Takings Issue.Ellen Frankel Paul - 1981 - Environmental Ethics 3 (4):309-328.
    Courts and legal commentators have been notoriously unsuccessful in articulating a rule to differentiate between uncompensated police power regulations of land by govemment and situations in which the govemment can only interfere with property rights if it provides compensation to those owners who suffer losses. Noticeably absent from most discussions of this “takings” issue is any foundational underpinning in a theory of justice with respect to property holdings. Can two of the most influential contemporary theories ofjustice-that of John Rawls and (...)
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  11.  55
    J. S. Mill: The Utilitarian Influence in the Demise of Laissez-Faire.Ellen Frankel Paul - 1978 - Journal of Libertarian Studies 2 (2):135-149.
  12.  62
    On Three "Inherent" Powers of Government.Ellen Frankel Paul - 1983 - The Monist 66 (4):529-544.
    “What is the basis of political legitimacy?” This question is one that lies at the foundation of any political theory, for the answer to it will determine virtually all subsequent questions relating to the relationship between man and the state. However, intricately related to this question is another, perhaps equally fundamental if not more so than this concerning the basis of political legitimacy. John Locke, for instance, in his The Second Treatise of Government, entertained the subject “What is political or (...)
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  13.  39
    On Three.Ellen Frankel Paul - 1983 - The Monist 66 (4):529-544.
    “What is the basis of political legitimacy?” This question is one that lies at the foundation of any political theory, for the answer to it will determine virtually all subsequent questions relating to the relationship between man and the state. However, intricately related to this question is another, perhaps equally fundamental if not more so than this concerning the basis of political legitimacy. John Locke, for instance, in his The Second Treatise of Government, entertained the subject “What is political or (...)
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  14.  1
    Philosophy and Law.Jules L. Coleman & Ellen Frankel Paul (eds.) - 1987 - B. Blackwell for the Social Philosophy and Policy Center, Bowling Green State University.
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  15. After Socialism: Volume 20, Part 1.Ellen Frankel Paul, Fred D. Miller & Jeffrey Paul - 2003 - Cambridge University Press.
    In this collection, twelve philosophers, historians, and political philosophers-scholars with a diverse set of disciplinary and political leanings-assess aspects of socialism in light of its recent reversals. Some of the essays consider what made the socialist project seem compelling to its advocates, examining the moral and political values that made socialism appealing to intellectuals. Others evaluate whether there are aspects of socialism that ought to be preserved, such as its quest for equality and community. Some essays examine whether free-market systems (...)
     
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  16. Altruism: Volume 10, Part 1.Ellen Frankel Paul, Miller Jr & Jeffrey Paul - 1993 - Cambridge University Press.
    Confronting crucial and difficult issues, the ten authors whose essays appear in this volume offer fresh perspectives on the nature and value of altruism. This collection of essays on moral philosophy deal with the balance to be struck between egoism and altruism - that is, between pursuing one's own interests and serving the interest of others - and with related issues. Contributions examine the relationship between altruism and rationality; consider cases in which one's personal needs and goals may legitimately be (...)
     
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  17. Autonomy: Volume 20, Part 2.Ellen Frankel Paul, Fred D. Miller Jr & Jeffrey Paul (eds.) - 2003 - Cambridge University Press.
    A central idea in moral and political philosophy, 'autonomy' is generally understood as some form of self-governance or self-direction. Certain Stoics, modern philosophers such as Spinoza, and most importantly, Immanuel Kant, are among the great philosophers who have offered important insights on the concept. Some theorists analyze autonomy in terms of the self being moved by its higher-order desires. Others argue that autonomy must be understood in terms of acting from reason or from a sense of moral duty independent of (...)
     
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  18.  8
    Bioethics.Ellen Frankel Paul, Fred Dycus Miller & Jeffrey Paul (eds.) - 2002 - Cambridge University Press.
    Technological innovations and social developments have led to dramatic changes in the practice of medicine and in the way that scientists conduct medical research. Change has brought beneficial consequences, yet these gains have come at a cost, for many modern medical practices raise troubling ethical questions: Should life be sustained mechanically when the brain's functions have ceased? Should potential parents be permitted to manipulate the genetic characteristics of their embryos? Should society ration medical care to control costs? Should fetal stem (...)
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  19. Business Abroad.Ellen Frankel Paul - 1988 - In Tibor R. Machan (ed.), Commerce and Morality. Rowman & Littlefield.
     
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  20.  1
    Bioethics: Volume 19, Part 2.Ellen Frankel Paul, Jnr Miller & Jeffrey Paul (eds.) - 2002 - Cambridge University Press.
    Technological innovations and social developments have led to dramatic changes in the practice of medicine and in the way that scientists conduct medical research. Change has brought beneficial consequences, yet these gains have come at a cost, for many modern medical practices raise troubling ethical questions: Should life be sustained mechanically when the brain's functions have ceased? Should potential parents be permitted to manipulate the genetic characteristics of their embryos? Should society ration medical care to control costs? Should fetal stem (...)
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  21. Crime, Culpability, and Remedy.Ellen Frankel Paul, Fred Dycus Miller & Jeffrey Paul - 1990
     
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  22. Contemporary Political and Social Philosophy.Ellen Frankel Paul, Fred Dycus Miller & Jeffrey Paul (eds.) - 1995 - Cambridge University Press.
    These essays represent the latest research of a number of prominent political theorists. The essays explore the role of government, the nature of public discourse and the obligations of citizens. Some examine the sources of our need for government, asking what form of government we should establish and whether a single form can be suitable for all societies. Some seek to discover the proper aims of government - asking, for example, whether government should promote equality among its citizens or whether (...)
     
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  23.  3
    Cultural Pluralism and Moral Knowledge: Volume 11, Part 1.Ellen Frankel Paul & Fred Dycus Miller (eds.) - 1994 - Cambridge University Press.
    The essays in Cultural Pluralism and Moral Knowledge deal with philosophical issues that arise from the existence of a diversity of cultural traditions. The discussions range from broad examinations of the relevance of cultural pluralism to morality, to studies of specific cultural practices. Some essays explore the relationship between pluralism and political theory; some contrast pluralism with relativism or distinguish it from reasonable disagreement. Others propose and defend a set of principles that apply to all societies, forming the foundation of (...)
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  24. Contemporary Political and Social Philosophy: Volume 12, Part 1.Ellen Frankel Paul, Miller Jr & Jeffrey Paul - 1995 - Cambridge University Press.
    These essays represent the latest research of a number of prominent political theorists. The essays explore the role of government, the nature of public discourse and the obligations of citizens. Some examine the sources of our need for government, asking what form of government we should establish and whether a single form can be suitable for all societies. Some seek to discover the proper aims of government - asking, for example, whether government should promote equality among its citizens or whether (...)
     
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  25. Democracy: Volume 17, Part 1.Ellen Frankel Paul, Miller Jr & Jeffrey Paul (eds.) - 2000 - Cambridge University Press.
    The essays in this volume, first published in 2000, explore questions about democracy that are relevant to political philosophy and political theory. Some essays discuss the appropriate ends of government or examine the difficulties involved in determining and carrying out the will of the people. Some address questions relating to the kinds of influence citizens can or should have over their representatives, asking, for example, whether individuals have a duty to vote, or whether inequalities in political influence among citizens can (...)
     
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  26. Freedom of Association: Volume 25, Part 2.Ellen Frankel Paul, Miller Jr & Jeffrey Paul (eds.) - 2009 - Cambridge University Press.
    Freedom of association is a cherished liberal value, both for classical liberals who are generally antagonistic toward government interference in the choices made by individuals, and for contemporary liberals who are more sanguine about the role of government. However, there are fundamental differences between the two viewpoints in the status that they afford to associational freedom. While classical liberals ground their support for freedom of association on the core notion of individual liberty, contemporary liberals usually conceive of freedom of association (...)
     
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  27.  3
    Freedom of Speech: Volume 21, Part 2.Ellen Frankel Paul, Fred D. Miller & Jeffrey Paul - 2004 - Cambridge University Press.
    Whether free speech is defended as a fundamental right that inheres in each individual, or as a guarantee that all of society's members will have a voice in democratic decision-making, the central role of expressive freedom in liberating the human spirit is undeniable. Freedom of expression will, as the essays in this volume illuminate, encounter new and continuing controversies in the twenty-first century. Advances in digital technology raise pressing questions regarding freedom of speech and, with it, intellectual property and privacy (...)
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  28. Human Flourishing: Volume 16, Part 1.Ellen Frankel Paul, Fred D. Miller & Jeffrey Paul (eds.) - 1999 - Cambridge University Press.
    The essays in this volume examine the nature of human flourishing and its relationship to a variety of other key concepts in moral theory. Some of them trace the link between flourishing and human nature, asking whether a theory of human nature can allow us to develop an objective list of goods that are of value to all agents, regardless of their individual purposes or aims. Some essays look at the role of friendships or parent-child relationships in a good life, (...)
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  29.  31
    Justice and Global Politics: Volume 23, Part 1.Ellen Frankel Paul, Fred Dycus Miller & Jeffrey Paul (eds.) - 2006 - Cambridge University Press.
    Since the end of the Cold War, there has been increasing interest in the global dimensions of a host of public policy issues - issues involving war and peace, terrorism, international law, regulation of commerce, environmental protection, and disparities of wealth, income, and access to medical care. Especially pressing is the question of whether it is possible to formulate principles of justice that are valid not merely within a single society but across national borders. The thirteen essays in this volume (...)
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  30. Justice and Global Politics: Volume 23, Part 1.Ellen Frankel Paul, Miller Jr & Jeffrey Paul (eds.) - 2006 - Cambridge University Press.
    Since the end of the Cold War, there has been increasing interest in the global dimensions of a host of public policy issues - issues involving war and peace, terrorism, international law, regulation of commerce, environmental protection, and disparities of wealth, income, and access to medical care. Especially pressing is the question of whether it is possible to formulate principles of justice that are valid not merely within a single society but across national borders. The thirteen essays in this volume (...)
     
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  31. Liberalism and Capitalism: Volume 28, Part 2.Ellen Frankel Paul, Miller Jr & Jeffrey Paul (eds.) - 2011 - Cambridge University Press.
    What are the core values of liberalism and how can they best be promoted? Liberals in the classical tradition championed individual freedom, limited government and a capitalist economic system with strong rights to private property. Contemporary liberals, in contrast, embrace more egalitarian values and allow for a far more prominent role for government intervention in the market to reduce inequality, redistribute wealth and regulate economic activity. What accounts for these very disparate liberal views of property rights and economic freedom? How (...)
     
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  32. Liberty and Equality.Ellen Frankel Paul, F. Miller & J. Paul - 1987 - Tijdschrift Voor Filosofie 49 (2):357-357.
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  33. Liberalism: Old and New: Volume 24, Part 1.Ellen Frankel Paul, Miller Jr & Jeffrey Paul (eds.) - 2007 - Cambridge University Press.
    In this collection, thirteen prominent philosophers and political scientists address the nature of liberalism, its origins, and its meaning and proper interpretation. Some essays examine the writings of liberalism's earliest defenders, like John Locke and Adam Smith, or the influence of classical liberalism on the American founders. Some focus on the Progressive movement and the rise of the administrative state, while others defend particular conceptions of liberalism or examine liberal theories of justice, including those of John Rawls and Robert Nozick. (...)
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  34.  30
    Morality and Politics: Volume 21, Part 1.Ellen Frankel Paul, Fred Dycus Miller & Jeffrey Paul (eds.) - 2004 - Cambridge University Press.
    Divisions abound as to whether politics should be held responsible to a higher moral standard or whether pragmatic considerations, or realpolitik, should prevail. The two poles are represented most conspicuously by Aristotle (for whom the proper aim of politics is moral virtue) and Machiavelli (whose prince exalted political pragmatism over morality). The fourteen contributions to this volume address perennial concerns in political and moral theory. They underscore the rekindled yearning of many to hold the political realm to a higher standard (...)
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  35.  1
    Morality and Politics: Volume 21, Part 1.Ellen Frankel Paul, Miller Jr & Jeffrey Paul (eds.) - 2004 - Cambridge University Press.
    Complicating the ancient debate over the intersection of morality and politics are diverse definitions of fundamental concepts: the right and the good, virtue and vice, personal liberty and public interest. Divisions abound, also, about whether politics should be held to a higher moral standard or whether pragmatic considerations or realpolitik should prevail. Perhaps the two poles are represented most conspicuously by Aristotle and Machiavelli. These essays address perennial concerns in political and moral theory and underscore the rekindled yearning of many (...)
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  36.  26
    Moral Knowledge.Ellen Frankel Paul, Fred Dycus Miller & Jeffrey Paul (eds.) - 2001 - Cambridge University Press.
    Philosophers since ancient times have pondered how we can know whether moral claims are true or false. The first half of the twentieth century witnessed widespread skepticism concerning the possibility of moral knowledge. Indeed, some argued that moral statements lacked cognitive content altogether, because they were not susceptible to empirical verification. The British philosopher A. J. Ayer contends that 'They are pure expressions of feeling and as such do not come under the category of truth and falsehood. They are unverifiable (...)
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  37. Moral Knowledge: Volume 18, Part 2.Ellen Frankel Paul, Miller Jr & Jeffrey Paul (eds.) - 2001 - Cambridge University Press.
    Philosophers since ancient times have pondered how we can know whether moral claims are true or false. The first half of the twentieth century witnessed widespread skepticism concerning the possibility of moral knowledge. Indeed, some argued that moral statements lacked cognitive content altogether, because they were not susceptible to empirical verification. The British philosopher A. J. Ayer contends that 'They are pure expressions of feeling and as such do not come under the category of truth and falsehood. They are unverifiable (...)
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  38. Moral Obligation.Ellen Frankel Paul, Fred Dycus Miller & Jeffrey Paul (eds.) - 2010 - Cambridge University Press.
    The notion of obligation of what an agent owes to himself, to others, or to society generally occupies a central place in morality. But what are the sources of our moral obligations and what are their limits? To what extent do obligations vary in their stringency and severity, and does it make sense to talk about imperfect obligations, that is, obligations that leave the individual with a broad range of freedom to determine how and when to fulfil them? The twelve (...)
     
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  39. Moral Obligation: Volume 27, Part 2.Ellen Frankel Paul, Miller Jr & Jeffrey Paul (eds.) - 2010 - Cambridge University Press.
    The notion of obligation of what an agent owes to himself, to others, or to society generally occupies a central place in morality. But what are the sources of our moral obligations and what are their limits? To what extent do obligations vary in their stringency and severity, and does it make sense to talk about imperfect obligations, that is, obligations that leave the individual with a broad range of freedom to determine how and when to fulfil them? The twelve (...)
     
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  40.  8
    New Essays in Political and Social Philosophy: Volume 29, Part 1.Ellen Frankel Paul, Fred Dycus Miller & Jeffrey Paul (eds.) - 2012 - Cambridge University Press.
    This volume represents a contribution to the investigation of these issues of perennial interest and import, featuring essays whose authors hope to extend, deepen, and, in some cases, move in new directions, the current state of discussion.
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  41. New Essays in Political and Social Philosophy: Volume 29, Part 1.Ellen Frankel Paul, Miller Jr & Jeffrey Paul (eds.) - 2013 - Cambridge University Press.
    Whether it is a result of nature, the consequence of a choice to escape the state of nature, or the outcome of some other process of deliberation, the fact of human association gives rise to recurrent themes in political and social philosophy. The character and requirements of justice, the profile of political legitimacy, and the relationship between the powers of government and the rights of the governed are some of the subjects of ongoing consideration and debate in the disciplines of (...)
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  42. Natural Law and Modern Moral Philosophy: Volume 18, Social Philosophy and Policy, Part 1.Ellen Frankel Paul, Miller Jr & Jeffrey Paul (eds.) - 2001 - Cambridge University Press.
    These essays address some of the most intriguing questions raised by natural law theory and its implications for law, morality, and public policy. some of the essays explore the implications that natural law theory has for jurisprudence, asking what natural law suggests about the use of legal devices such as constitutions and precedents. Other essays examine the connections between natural law and various political concepts, such as citizens' rights and the obligation of citizens to obey their government.
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  43.  8
    Natural Rights Individualism and Progressivism in American Political Philosophy.Ellen Frankel Paul, Fred Dycus Miller & Jeffrey Paul (eds.) - 2012 - Cambridge University Press.
    "In 1776, the American Declaration of Independence appealed to "the Laws of nature and of Nature's God" and affirmed "these Truths to be self-evident, that all Men are created equal, that they are endowed by their Creator with certain ...
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  44. Natural Rights Individualism and Progressivism in American Political Philosophy: Volume 29, Part 2.Ellen Frankel Paul, Jeffrey Paul & Miller Jr (eds.) - 2012 - Cambridge University Press.
    The essays in this collection investigate two political traditions and their critical interactions. The first series of essays deals with the development of natural rights individualism, some examining its origins in the thought of the seminal political theorist, John Locke, and the influential constitutional theorist, Montesquieu, others the impact of their theories on intellectual leaders during the American Revolution and the Founding era, and still others the culmination of this tradition in the writings of nineteenth-century individualists such as Lysander Spooner. (...)
     
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  45.  63
    Natural Rights Liberalism From Locke to Nozick: Volume 22, Part 1.Ellen Frankel Paul, Fred Dycus Miller & Jeffrey Paul (eds.) - 2004 - Cambridge University Press.
    This collection of essays is dedicated to the memory of the late Harvard philosopher Robert Nozick, who died in 2002. The publication of Nozick's Anarchy, State, and Utopia in 1974 revived serious interest in natural rights liberalism, which, beginning in the latter half of the eighteenth century, had been eclipsed by a succession of antithetical political theories including utilitarianism, progressivism, and various egalitarian and collectivist ideologies. Some of our contributors critique Nozick's political philosophy. Other contributors examine earlier figures in the (...)
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  46. Natural Rights Liberalism From Locke to Nozick: Volume 22, Part 1.Ellen Frankel Paul, Fred D. Miller & Jeffrey Paul (eds.) - 2004 - Cambridge University Press.
    This collection of essays is dedicated to the memory of the late Harvard philosopher Robert Nozick, who died in 2002. The publication of Nozick's Anarchy, State, and Utopia in 1974 revived serious interest in natural rights liberalism, which, beginning in the latter half of the eighteenth century, had been eclipsed by a succession of antithetical political theories including utilitarianism, progressivism, and various egalitarian and collectivist ideologies. Some of our contributors critique Nozick's political philosophy. Other contributors examine earlier figures in the (...)
     
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  47. Natural Resources, the Environment, and Human Welfare: Volume 26, Part 2.Ellen Frankel Paul, Miller Jr & Jeffrey Paul (eds.) - 2010 - Cambridge University Press.
    Modern industrial societies have achieved a level of economic prosperity undreamed of in earlier times, but in the view of the contemporary environmental movement, the prosperity has come at the cost of serious degradations to the natural world. For environmental advocates, problems such as resource depletion, air and water pollution, global warming and the loss of biodiversity represent due threats to the well-being of human societies and the planet itself. But just how serious are these threats and how should we (...)
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  48. Ownership and Justice: Volume 27, Part 1.Ellen Frankel Paul, Miller Jr & Jeffrey Paul (eds.) - 2010 - Cambridge University Press.
    The institution of private property lies at the heart of contemporary Western societies. However, what are the limits of property ownership? Do principles of justice require some measure of governmental redistribution of property in order to relieve poverty or to promote greater equality among citizens? And what do principles of justice have to say about individuals' ownership of their own talents and the products of their labor, and about the initial acquisition of land and natural resources? The essays in this (...)
     
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  49.  49
    Objectivism, Subjectivism, and Relativism in Ethics: Volume 25, Part 1.Ellen Frankel Paul, Fred Dycus Miller & Jeffrey Paul (eds.) - 2008 - Cambridge University Press.
    Some essays in this book consider whether objective moral truths can be grounded in an understanding of the nature of human beings as rational and social ...
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  50.  1
    Objectivism, Subjectivism, and Relativism in Ethics: Volume 25, Part 1.Ellen Frankel Paul, Miller Jr & Jeffrey Paul (eds.) - 2008 - Cambridge University Press.
    Do we desire things because they are good, or are they good because we desire them? Objectivists answer that we desire things because they are good; subjectivists answer that things are good because we desire them. Further, does it make sense to account for moral disagreement by claiming, as the moral relativist does, that something might be good for one person but not for another? Some essays in this book consider whether objective moral truths can be grounded in an understanding (...)
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