Results for 'Ellie Okada'

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  1. MRCT Center Post-Trial Responsibilities Framework Continued Access to Investigational Medicines. Guidance Document. Version 1.0, December 2016.Carmen Aldinger, Barbara Bierer, Rebecca Li, Luann Van Campen, Mark Barnes, Eileen Bedell, Amanda Brown-Inz, Robin Gibbs, Deborah Henderson, Christopher Kabacinski, Laurie Letvak, Susan Manoff, Ignacio Mastroleo, Ellie Okada, Usharani Pingali, Wasana Prasitsuebsai, Hans Spiegel, Daniel Wang, Susan Briggs Watson & Marc Wilenzik - 2016 - The Multi-Regional Clinical Trials Center of the Brigham and Women’s Hospital and Harvard (MRCT Center).
    I. EXECUTIVE SUMMARY The MRCT Center Post-trial Responsibilities: Continued Access to an Investigational Medicine Framework outlines a case-based, principled, stakeholder approach to evaluate and guide ethical responsibilities to provide continued access to an investigational medicine at the conclusion of a patient’s participation in a clinical trial. The Post-trial Responsibilities (PTR) Framework includes this Guidance Document as well as the accompanying Toolkit. A 41-member international multi-stakeholder Workgroup convened by the Multi-Regional Clinical Trials Center of Brigham and Women’s Hospital and Harvard University (...)
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  2.  31
    Collaborative Discovery in a Scientific Domain.Takeshi Okada & Herbert A. Simon - 1997 - Cognitive Science 21 (2):109-146.
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  3.  12
    Il Moro; Ellis Heywood's Dialogue in Memory of Thomas More.Ellis Heywood - 1972 - Cambridge: Mass., Harvard University Press.
    The original Italian text has been reproduced in the back of the volume.
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  4.  50
    Imitation, Inspiration, and Creation: Cognitive Process of Creative Drawing by Copying Others' Artworks.Takeshi Okada & Kentaro Ishibashi - 2017 - Cognitive Science 41 (7):1804-1837.
    To investigate the cognitive processes underlying creative inspiration, we tested the extent to which viewing or copying prior examples impacted creative output in art. In Experiment 1, undergraduates made drawings under three conditions: copying an artist's drawing, then producing an original drawing; producing an original drawing without having seen another's work; and copying another artist's work, then reproducing that artist's style independently. We discovered that through copying unfamiliar abstract drawings, participants were able to produce creative drawings qualitatively different from the (...)
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  5. Dispositional Essentialism.Brian Ellis & Caroline Lierse - 1994 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 72 (1):27 – 45.
  6. Ellis on the Limitations of Dispositionalism.Joel Katzav - 2005 - Analysis 65 (1):92-94.
    FIRST PARAGRAPH I have argued that dispositionalism is incompatible with the Principle of Least Action (PLA) (Katzav 2004). In ‘Katzav on the Limitations of Dispositionalism,’ Brian Ellis responds, arguing that while naïve dispositionalism is incompatible with the PLA, sophisticated dispositionalism is not. Naive dispositionalism, according to Ellis, is the view that the world is ultimately something like a conglomerate of objects and their dispositions, and that, therefore, dispositions are the ultimate ontological units that explain events. Sophisticated dispositionalism, according to Ellis, (...)
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  7. Scientific Essentialism.Brian Ellis - 2001 - Cambridge University Press.
    Scientific Essentialism defends the view that the fundamental laws of nature depend on the essential properties of the things on which they are said to operate, and are therefore not independent of them. These laws are not imposed upon the world by God, the forces of nature or anything else, but rather are immanent in the world. Ellis argues that ours is a dynamic world consisting of more or less transient objects which are constantly interacting with each other, and whose (...)
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  8. Emergence.Elly Vintiadis - 2013 - Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
    An entry on the meaning and history of emergence as well as the current debate on emergentism in philosophy and the sciences.
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  9. The Unreality of Time.John Ellis McTaggart - 1908 - Mind 17 (68):457-474.
  10.  16
    How Do Creative Experts Practice New Skills? Exploratory Practice in Breakdancers.Daichi Shimizu & Takeshi Okada - 2018 - Cognitive Science 42 (7):2364-2396.
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  11. Universals, the Essential Problem and Categorical Properties.Brian Ellis - 2005 - Ratio 18 (4):462–472.
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  12.  13
    Recognition and Recall of Positively Forgotten Items.Jonathan C. Davis & Ronald Okada - 1971 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 89 (1):181.
  13.  55
    The Finite Model Property for Various Fragments of Intuitionistic Linear Logic.Mitsuhiro Okada & Kazushige Terui - 1999 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 64 (2):790-802.
    Recently Lafont [6] showed the finite model property for the multiplicative additive fragment of linear logic (MALL) and for affine logic (LLW), i.e., linear logic with weakening. In this paper, we shall prove the finite model property for intuitionistic versions of those, i.e. intuitionistic MALL (which we call IMALL), and intuitionistic LLW (which we call ILLW). In addition, we shall show the finite model property for contractive linear logic (LLC), i.e., linear logic with contraction, and for its intuitionistic version (ILLC). (...)
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  14.  32
    A Phenomenal Defense of Reflective Equilibrium.Weston Mudge Ellis & Justin McBrayer - 2019 - Journal of Philosophical Research 44:1-12.
    The method of reflective equilibrium starts with a set of initial judgments about some subject matter and refines that set to arrive at an improved philosophical worldview. However, the method faces two, trenchant objections. The Garbage-In, Garbage-Out Objection argues that reflective equilibrium fails because it has no principled reason to rely on some inputs to the method rather than others and putting garbage-in assures you of getting garbage-out. The Circularity Objection argues that reflective equilibrium fails because it has no principled, (...)
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  15.  20
    Brute Facts.Elly Vintiadis & Constantinos Mekios (eds.) - 2018 - Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press.
    Brute facts are facts that don't have explanations. They are instrumental in our attempts to give accounts of other facts or phenomena, and so they play a key role in many philosophers' views about the structure of the world. This volume explores neglected questions about the nature of brute facts and their explanatory role.
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  16.  56
    A Diagrammatic Inference System with Euler Circles.Koji Mineshima, Mitsuhiro Okada & Ryo Takemura - 2012 - Journal of Logic, Language and Information 21 (3):365-391.
    Proof-theory has traditionally been developed based on linguistic (symbolic) representations of logical proofs. Recently, however, logical reasoning based on diagrammatic or graphical representations has been investigated by logicians. Euler diagrams were introduced in the eighteenth century. But it is quite recent (more precisely, in the 1990s) that logicians started to study them from a formal logical viewpoint. We propose a novel approach to the formalization of Euler diagrammatic reasoning, in which diagrams are defined not in terms of regions as in (...)
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  17.  45
    A Lack of Self-Consciousness in Autism.Motomi Toichi, Yoko Kamio, Takashi Okada, Morimitsu Sakihama, Eric A. Youngstrom, Robert L. Findling & Kokichi Yamamoto - 2002 - American Journal of Psychiatry 159 (8):1422-1424.
  18.  17
    Der erste Grundsatz und die Bildlehre.Katsuaki Okada - 1997 - Fichte-Studien 10:127-141.
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  19.  48
    Syntactic Reduction in Husserl’s Early Phenomenology of Arithmetic.Mirja Hartimo & Mitsuhiro Okada - 2016 - Synthese 193 (3):937-969.
    The paper traces the development and the role of syntactic reduction in Edmund Husserl’s early writings on mathematics and logic, especially on arithmetic. The notion has its origin in Hermann Hankel’s principle of permanence that Husserl set out to clarify. In Husserl’s early texts the emphasis of the reductions was meant to guarantee the consistency of the extended algorithm. Around the turn of the century Husserl uses the same idea in his conception of definiteness of what he calls “mathematical manifolds.” (...)
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  20.  10
    Albert Ellis, Rational Therapy and the Media of ‘Modern’ Emotional Management.Luke Stark - 2017 - History of the Human Sciences 30 (4):54-74.
    This article explores the development of therapeutic psychological techniques for emotional management as exemplified by Albert Ellis’s development of rational therapy in the 1950s and 1960s. A precursor to contemporary Cognitive Behavioral Therapy, rational therapy conceptualized emotion as manageable through scientific self-narration. The article examines how Ellis’s immersion in media techniques and forms accessible to a general audience shaped his focus on a new language for clinical practice inspired by behaviorist principles, and how much this ‘clarified’ language exemplifies the application (...)
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  21.  35
    Role of Mental Imagery in Free Recall of Deaf, Blind, and Normal Subjects.Ellis M. Craig - 1973 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 97 (2):249.
  22. Can Revenge Be Just or Otherwise Justified?Gilead Bar-Elli & David Heyd - 1986 - Theoria 52 (1-2):68-86.
  23.  55
    Wittgenstein on the Experience of Meaning and the Meaning of Music.Gilead Bar-Elli - 2006 - Philosophical Investigations 29 (3):217-249.
    An argument is presented to the effect that the ability to feel or to experience meaning conditions the ability to mean, and is thus essential to our notion of meaning. The experience of meaning is manifested in the "fine shades" of use and behavior. Theses, so obvious in music, constitute understanding music, which makes music understanding so relevant to understanding language. Applying these notions of understanding, feeling, and experience--as well as their explication in terms of comparisons, internal relation, and mastery (...)
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  24. Physical Realism.Brian Ellis - 2005 - Ratio 18 (4):371–384.
    Physical realism is the thesis that the world is more or less as present‐day physical theory says it is, i.e. a mind‐independent reality, that consists fundamentally of physical objects that have causal powers, are located in space and time, belong to natural kinds, and interact causally with each other in various natural kinds of ways. It is thus a modern form of physicalism that takes due account of the natural kinds structure of the world. It is a thesis that many (...)
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  25. Novum Organum, Tr. By R. Ellis and J. Spedding, with Notes.Francis Bacon & Robert Leslie Ellis - 1906
     
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  26.  35
    Works; Collected and Edited by James Spedding, R.L. Ellis and D.D. Heath.Francis Bacon, Robert Leslie Ellis, Douglas Denon Heath, William Rawley & James Spedding - unknown
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    Works; Collected and Edited by James Spedding, Robert Leslie Ellis and Douglas Denon Heath.Francis Bacon, Robert Leslie Ellis, Douglas Denon Heath, William Rawley & James Spedding - unknown
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  28. Philosophical Studies, by the Late J. Mct. Ellis Mctaggart.John Mctaggart Ellis Mctaggart & S. V. Keeling - 1934 - E. Arnold & Co.
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  29.  8
    “It's Your Problem. Deal with It.” Performers' Experiences of Psychological Challenges in Music.Ellis Pecen, David J. Collins & Áine MacNamara - 2018 - Frontiers in Psychology 8.
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  30.  46
    Why a Naturalist Should Be an Emergentist About the Mind.Elly Vintiadis - 2013 - SATS 14 (1):38-62.
    Naturalism about the mind is typically associated with some kind of physicalism. This paper argues that this association is a mistake and that, gi-ven the naturalist’s commitment to the primacy of empirical evidence, natural-ists should be open to different commitments. It is further argued that natural-ists about the mind should be emergentists because of the epistemological attitude that is at the core of the emergentist position, properly understood.
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  31. The World as One of a Kind: Natural Necessity and Laws of Nature.John Bigelow, Brian Ellis & Caroline Lierse - 1992 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 43 (3):371-388.
  32.  7
    Embodying Surrogate Motherhood: Pregnancy as a Dyadic Body-Project.Elly Teman - 2009 - Body and Society 15 (3):47-69.
    This article examines pregnancy as a dyadic body-project within surrogate motherhood arrangements. In gestational surrogacy arrangements, the surrogate mother agrees to have an embryo that has been created using IVF, with the genetic materials of the intended parents or of anonymous donors, surgically implanted in her womb. Based on anthropological fieldwork among Jewish-Israeli surrogates and intended mothers involved in these arrangements, this article focuses upon the interactive identity management practices that the women jointly undertake during the pregnancy. For each side, (...)
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  33.  67
    Two Theories of Indicative Conditionals.Brian Ellis - 1984 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 62 (1):50 – 66.
  34.  13
    Thinking About Multiword Constructions: Usage‐Based Approaches to Acquisition and Processing.Nick C. Ellis & Dave C. Ogden - 2017 - Topics in Cognitive Science 9 (3):604-620.
    Usage-based approaches to language hold that we learn multiword expressions as patterns of language from language usage, and that knowledge of these patterns underlies fluent language processing. This paper explores these claims by focusing upon verb–argument constructions such as “V about n.” These are productive constructions that bind syntax, lexis, and semantics. It presents analyses of usage patterns of English VACs in terms of their grammatical form, semantics, lexical constituency, and distribution patterns in large corpora; patterns of VAC usage in (...)
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  35.  54
    The Main Argument for Value Incommensurability (and Why It Fails).Stephen Ellis - 2008 - Southern Journal of Philosophy 46 (1):27-43.
    Arguments for value incommensurability ultimately depend on a certain diagnosis of human motivation. Incommensurablists hold that each person’s basic ends are not only irreducible but also incompatiblewith one another. It isn’t merely that some goals can’t, in fact, be jointly realized; values actually compete for influence. This account makes a mistake about the nature of human motivation. Each valueunderwrites a ceteris paribus evaluation. Such assessments are mutually compatible because the observation that there is something to be said for an outcome (...)
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  36. The Philosophy of Nature: A Guide to the New Essentialism.Brian Ellis - 2002 - Routledge.
    In "The Philosophy of Nature," Brian Ellis provides a clear and forthright general summation of, and introduction to, the new essentialist position. Although the theory that the laws of nature are immanent in things, rather than imposed on them from without, is an ancient one, much recent work has been done to revive interest in essentialism and "The Philosophy of Nature" is a distinctive contribution to this lively current debate. Brian Ellis exposes the philosophical and scientific credentials of the prevailing (...)
     
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  37. Brian Ellis Truth and Objectivity and Paul Horwich Truth. [REVIEW]Howard Sankey - 1992 - Philosophical Quarterly 42 (169):496.
    Review of Brian Ellis's Truth and Objectivity and Paul Horwich's Truth.
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  38. Solving the Problem of Induction Using a Values-Based Epistemology.Brian Ellis - 1988 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 39 (2):141-160.
  39.  5
    The Ellis Group Conjecture and Variants of Definable Amenability.Grzegorz Jagiella - 2018 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 83 (4):1376-1390.
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  40.  16
    Wittgenstein on the Experience of Meaning and the Meaning of Music.Gilead Bar-Elli - 2006 - Philosophical Investigations 29 (3):217–249.
  41.  54
    Response From Ellis, Young, Quayle and de Pauw.H. D. Ellis, A. H. Quaylea, A. W. Young & K. W. de Pauw - 1997 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 1 (5):158.
  42.  15
    The Finite Model Property for Various Fragments of Intuitionistic Linear Logic.Mitsuhiro Okada & Kazushige Terui - 1999 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 64 (2):790-802.
    Recently Lafont [6] showed the finite model property for the multiplicative additive fragment of linear logic and for affine logic, i.e., linear logic with weakening. In this paper, we shall prove the finite model property for intuitionistic versions of those, i.e. intuitionistic MALL, and intuitionistic LLW. In addition, we shall show the finite model property for contractive linear logic, i.e., linear logic with contraction, and for its intuitionistic version. The finite model property for related substructural logics also follow by our (...)
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  43. Growing Up Amid the Religion and Science Affair: A Perspective From Indology.Thomas B. Ellis - 2012 - Zygon 47 (3):589-607.
    Abstract This article identifies the tropes of “maturity” and “immaturity” in the dialogue between religion and science. On both sides of the aisle, authors charge, either directly or indirectly, that their dissenting interlocutors are not mature enough to see the value of their respective positions. Such accusations have recently emerged in discussions pertaining to Hindu theology, Indology, and science. Those who dismiss the substance dualism of Hindu yoga, according to Jonathan B. Edelmann, evince immaturity. Appeals to Hindu yoga are yet (...)
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  44.  42
    A Proof-Theoretic Study of the Correspondence of Classical Logic and Modal Logic.H. Kushida & M. Okada - 2003 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 68 (4):1403-1414.
    It is well known that the modal logic S5 can be embedded in the classical predicate logic by interpreting the modal operator in terms of a quantifier. Wajsberg [10] proved this fact in a syntactic way. Mints [7] extended this result to the quantified version of S5; using a purely proof-theoretic method he showed that the quantified S5 corresponds to the classical predicate logic with one-sorted variable. In this paper we extend Mints' result to the basic modal logic S4; we (...)
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  45. Identity in Frege’s Begriffsschrift: Where Both Thau-Caplan and Heck Are Wrong.Gilead Bar-Elli - 2006 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy 36 (3):355-370.
    Frege’s views on identity continue to provoke scholars, and rightly so. In particular his view in Begriffsschrift of 1879, and its relation to his view in ‘Über Sinn und Bedeutung’ of 1892 deserve careful attention. The issues involved have a wider significance than Frege’s specific views on identity in different periods, though these are important enough. They concern also the move from what I call below ‘thin’ semantics, which is exhausted in signs being assigned content, to a ‘thick’ semantics, in (...)
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  46.  15
    The Other : Limits of Knowledge in Beauvoir's Ethics of Reciprocity.Ellie Anderson - 2014 - Journal of Speculative Philosophy 28 (3):380-388.
  47. Phenomenal Character, Phenomenal Concepts, and Externalism.Jonathan Ellis - 2010 - Philosophical Studies 147 (2):273 - 299.
    A celebrated problem for representationalist theories of phenomenal character is that, given externalism about content, these theories lead to externalism about phenomenal character. While externalism about content is widely accepted, externalism about phenomenal character strikes many philosophers as wildly implausible. Even if internally identical individuals could have different thoughts, it is said, if one of them has a headache, or a tingly sensation, so must the other. In this paper, I argue that recent work on phenomenal concepts reveals that, contrary (...)
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  48.  13
    Reproducing Dominion: Emotional Apprenticeship in the 4-H Youth Livestock Program.Colter Ellis & Leslie Irvine - 2010 - Society and Animals 18 (1):21-39.
    This paper examines young people’s socialization into the doctrine known as “dominionism,” which justifies the use of animals in the service of human beings. Using qualitative research, it focuses on the 4-H youth livestock program, in which boys and girls raise cattle, pigs, goats, and sheep for slaughter. The analysis portrays 4-H as an apprenticeship in which children learn to do cognitive emotion work, use distancing mechanisms, and create a “redemption” narrative to cope with contradictory ethical and emotional experiences. Although (...)
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  49.  54
    Ellis and Lierse on Dispositional Essentialism.Stephen Mumford - 1995 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 73 (4):606 – 612.
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  50.  10
    Physical Realism.Brian Ellis - 2005 - Ratio 18 (4):371-384.
    Physical realism is the thesis that the world is more or less as present‐day physical theory says it is, i.e. a mind‐independent reality, that consists fundamentally of physical objects that have causal powers, are located in space and time, belong to natural kinds, and interact causally with each other in various natural kinds of ways. It is thus a modern form of physicalism that takes due account of the natural kinds structure of the world. It is a thesis that many (...)
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