Results for 'Ellie Okada'

180 found
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  1. MRCT Center Post-Trial Responsibilities Framework Continued Access to Investigational Medicines. Guidance Document. Version 1.0, December 2016.Carmen Aldinger, Barbara Bierer, Rebecca Li, Luann Van Campen, Mark Barnes, Eileen Bedell, Amanda Brown-Inz, Robin Gibbs, Deborah Henderson, Christopher Kabacinski, Laurie Letvak, Susan Manoff, Ignacio Mastroleo, Ellie Okada, Usharani Pingali, Wasana Prasitsuebsai, Hans Spiegel, Daniel Wang, Susan Briggs Watson & Marc Wilenzik - 2016 - The Multi-Regional Clinical Trials Center of the Brigham and Women’s Hospital and Harvard (MRCT Center).
    I. EXECUTIVE SUMMARY The MRCT Center Post-trial Responsibilities: Continued Access to an Investigational Medicine Framework outlines a case-based, principled, stakeholder approach to evaluate and guide ethical responsibilities to provide continued access to an investigational medicine at the conclusion of a patient’s participation in a clinical trial. The Post-trial Responsibilities (PTR) Framework includes this Guidance Document as well as the accompanying Toolkit. A 41-member international multi-stakeholder Workgroup convened by the Multi-Regional Clinical Trials Center of Brigham and Women’s Hospital and Harvard University (...)
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  2.  34
    Sound Symbolism Facilitates Early Verb Learning.Mutsumi Imai, Sotaro Kita, Miho Nagumo & Hiroyuki Okada - 2008 - Cognition 109 (1):54-65.
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  3.  29
    Collaborative Discovery in a Scientific Domain.Takeshi Okada & Herbert A. Simon - 1997 - Cognitive Science 21 (2):109-146.
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  4.  53
    The Finite Model Property for Various Fragments of Intuitionistic Linear Logic.Mitsuhiro Okada & Kazushige Terui - 1999 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 64 (2):790-802.
    Recently Lafont [6] showed the finite model property for the multiplicative additive fragment of linear logic (MALL) and for affine logic (LLW), i.e., linear logic with weakening. In this paper, we shall prove the finite model property for intuitionistic versions of those, i.e. intuitionistic MALL (which we call IMALL), and intuitionistic LLW (which we call ILLW). In addition, we shall show the finite model property for contractive linear logic (LLC), i.e., linear logic with contraction, and for its intuitionistic version (ILLC). (...)
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  5.  45
    Imitation, Inspiration, and Creation: Cognitive Process of Creative Drawing by Copying Others' Artworks.Takeshi Okada & Kentaro Ishibashi - 2017 - Cognitive Science 41 (7):1804-1837.
    To investigate the cognitive processes underlying creative inspiration, we tested the extent to which viewing or copying prior examples impacted creative output in art. In Experiment 1, undergraduates made drawings under three conditions: copying an artist's drawing, then producing an original drawing; producing an original drawing without having seen another's work; and copying another artist's work, then reproducing that artist's style independently. We discovered that through copying unfamiliar abstract drawings, participants were able to produce creative drawings qualitatively different from the (...)
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  6.  95
    All Giraffes Have Female‐Specific Properties: Influence of Grammatical Gender on Deductive Reasoning About Sex‐Specific Properties in German Speakers.Mutsumi Imai, Lennart Schalk, Henrik Saalbach & Hiroyuki Okada - 2014 - Cognitive Science 38 (3):514-536.
    Grammatical gender is independent of biological sex for the majority of animal names (e.g., any giraffe, be it male or female, is grammatically treated as feminine). However, there is apparent semantic motivation for grammatical gender classes, especially in mapping human terms to gender. This research investigated whether this motivation affects deductive inference in native German speakers. We compared German with Japanese speakers (a language without grammatical gender) when making inferences about sex-specific biological properties. We found that German speakers tended to (...)
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  7.  15
    Categorical and Dimensional Perceptions in Decoding Emotional Facial Expressions.Tomomi Fujimura, Yoshi-Taka Matsuda, Kentaro Katahira, Masato Okada & Kazuo Okanoya - 2012 - Cognition and Emotion 26 (4):587-601.
  8.  21
    The Growth of Multidisciplinarity in the Cognitive Science Society.Christian D. Schunn, Kevin Crowley & Takeshi Okada - 1998 - Cognitive Science 22 (1):107-130.
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  9.  35
    Word Learning Does Not End at Fast-Mapping: Evolution of Verb Meanings Through Reorganization of an Entire Semantic Domain.Noburo Saji, Mutsumi Imai, Henrik Saalbach, Yuping Zhang, Hua Shu & Hiroyuki Okada - 2011 - Cognition 118 (1):45-61.
  10.  9
    A Developmental Shift From Similar to Language-Specific Strategies in Verb Acquisition: A Comparison of English, Spanish, and Japanese.Mandy J. Maguire, Kathy Hirsh-Pasek, Roberta Michnick Golinkoff, Mutsumi Imai, Etsuko Haryu, Sandra Vanegas, Hiroyuki Okada, Rachel Pulverman & Brenda Sanchez-Davis - 2010 - Cognition 114 (3):299-319.
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  11.  56
    A Diagrammatic Inference System with Euler Circles.Koji Mineshima, Mitsuhiro Okada & Ryo Takemura - 2012 - Journal of Logic, Language and Information 21 (3):365-391.
    Proof-theory has traditionally been developed based on linguistic (symbolic) representations of logical proofs. Recently, however, logical reasoning based on diagrammatic or graphical representations has been investigated by logicians. Euler diagrams were introduced in the eighteenth century. But it is quite recent (more precisely, in the 1990s) that logicians started to study them from a formal logical viewpoint. We propose a novel approach to the formalization of Euler diagrammatic reasoning, in which diagrams are defined not in terms of regions as in (...)
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  12.  15
    Novel Method to Classify Hemodynamic Response Obtained Using Multi-Channel fNIRS Measurements Into Two Groups: Exploring the Combinations of Channels.Hiroko Ichikawa, Jun Kitazono, Kenji Nagata, Akira Manda, Keiichi Shimamura, Ryoichi Sakuta, Masato Okada, Masami K. Yamaguchi, So Kanazawa & Ryusuke Kakigi - 2014 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 8.
  13.  26
    Who is Crossing Where? Infants’ Discrimination of Figures and Grounds in Events.Tilbe Göksun, Kathy Hirsh-Pasek, Roberta Michnick Golinkoff, Mutsumi Imai, Haruka Konishi & Hiroyuki Okada - 2011 - Cognition 121 (2):176-195.
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  14.  40
    A Proof-Theoretic Study of the Correspondence of Classical Logic and Modal Logic.H. Kushida & M. Okada - 2003 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 68 (4):1403-1414.
    It is well known that the modal logic S5 can be embedded in the classical predicate logic by interpreting the modal operator in terms of a quantifier. Wajsberg [10] proved this fact in a syntactic way. Mints [7] extended this result to the quantified version of S5; using a purely proof-theoretic method he showed that the quantified S5 corresponds to the classical predicate logic with one-sorted variable. In this paper we extend Mints' result to the basic modal logic S4; we (...)
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  15.  44
    A Lack of Self-Consciousness in Autism.Motomi Toichi, Yoko Kamio, Takashi Okada, Morimitsu Sakihama, Eric A. Youngstrom, Robert L. Findling & Kokichi Yamamoto - 2002 - American Journal of Psychiatry 159 (8):1422-1424.
  16.  18
    Post-Error Action Control is Neurobehaviorally Modulated Under Conditions of Constant Speeded Response.Takahiro Soshi, Kumiko Ando, Takamasa Noda, Kanako Nakazawa, Hideki Tsumura & Takayuki Okada - 2014 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 8.
  17.  40
    Syntactic Reduction in Husserl’s Early Phenomenology of Arithmetic.Mirja Hartimo & Mitsuhiro Okada - 2016 - Synthese 193 (3):937-969.
    The paper traces the development and the role of syntactic reduction in Edmund Husserl’s early writings on mathematics and logic, especially on arithmetic. The notion has its origin in Hermann Hankel’s principle of permanence that Husserl set out to clarify. In Husserl’s early texts the emphasis of the reductions was meant to guarantee the consistency of the extended algorithm. Around the turn of the century Husserl uses the same idea in his conception of definiteness of what he calls “mathematical manifolds.” (...)
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  18.  44
    A Generalized Syllogistic Inference System Based on Inclusion and Exclusion Relations.Koji Mineshima, Mitsuhiro Okada & Ryo Takemura - 2012 - Studia Logica 100 (4):753-785.
    We introduce a simple inference system based on two primitive relations between terms, namely, inclusion and exclusion relations. We present a normalization theorem, and then provide a characterization of the structure of normal proofs. Based on this, inferences in a syllogistic fragment of natural language are reconstructed within our system. We also show that our system can be embedded into a fragment of propositional minimal logic.
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  19.  32
    Wittgenstein et le lien entre la signification d’un énoncé mathématique et sa preuve.Mathieu Marion & Mitsuhiro Okada - 2012 - Philosophiques 39 (1):101-124.
    La thèse selon laquelle la signification d’un énoncé mathématique est donnée par sa preuve a été soutenue à la fois par Wittgenstein et par les intuitionnistes, à la suite de Heyting et de Dummett. Dans ce texte, nous nous attachons à clarifier le sens de cette thèse chez Wittgenstein, afin de montrer en quoi sa position se distingue de celle des intuitionnistes. Nous montrons par ailleurs que cette thèse prend sa source chez Wittgenstein dans sa réflexion, durant la période intermédiaire, (...)
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  20.  2
    The Association Between Amygdala Subfield-Related Functional Connectivity and Stigma Reduction 12 Months After Social Contacts: A Functional Neuroimaging Study in a Subgroup of a Randomized Controlled Trial.Yuko Nakamura, Naohiro Okada, Shuntaro Ando, Kazusa Ohta, Yasutaka Ojio, Osamu Abe, Akira Kunimatsu, Sosei Yamaguchi, Kiyoto Kasai & Shinsuke Koike - 2020 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 14.
  21. A Simple Relationship Between Buchholz's New System of Ordinal Notations and Takeuti's System of Ordinal Diagrams.Mitsuhiro Okada - 1987 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 52 (3):577-581.
  22.  54
    Remarks on Logic for Process Descriptions in Ontological Reasoning: A Drug Interaction Ontology Case Study.Mitsuhiro Okada, Barry Smith & Yutaro Sugimoto - 2008 - In InterOntology. Proceedings of the First Interdisciplinary Ontology Meeting, Tokyo, Japan, 26-27 February 2008. Tokyo: Keio University Press. pp. 127-138.
    We present some ideas on logical process descriptions, using relations from the DIO (Drug Interaction Ontology) as examples and explaining how these relations can be naturally decomposed in terms of more basic structured logical process descriptions using terms from linear logic. In our view, the process descriptions are able to clarify the usual relational descriptions of DIO. In particular, we discuss the use of logical process descriptions in proving linear logical theorems. Among the types of reasoning supported by DIO one (...)
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  23.  12
    Emotionally Excited Eyeblink-Rate Variability Predicts an Experience of Transportation Into the Narrative World.Ryota Nomura, Kojun Hino, Makoto Shimazu, Yingzong Liang & Takeshi Okada - 2015 - Frontiers in Psychology 6.
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  24.  10
    Localization of the Epileptogenic Foci in Tuberous Sclerosis Complex: A Pediatric Case Report.Alexander Hunold, Jens Haueisen, Banu Ahtam, Chiran Doshi, Chellamani Harini, Susana Camposano, Simon K. Warfield, Patricia Ellen Grant, Yoshio Okada & Christos Papadelis - 2014 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 8.
  25.  15
    The Finite Model Property for Various Fragments of Intuitionistic Linear Logic.Mitsuhiro Okada & Kazushige Terui - 1999 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 64 (2):790-802.
    Recently Lafont [6] showed the finite model property for the multiplicative additive fragment of linear logic and for affine logic, i.e., linear logic with weakening. In this paper, we shall prove the finite model property for intuitionistic versions of those, i.e. intuitionistic MALL, and intuitionistic LLW. In addition, we shall show the finite model property for contractive linear logic, i.e., linear logic with contraction, and for its intuitionistic version. The finite model property for related substructural logics also follow by our (...)
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  26.  13
    Predicting Ventral Striatal Activation During Reward Anticipation From Functional Connectivity at Rest.Asako Mori, Manfred Klöbl, Go Okada, Murray Bruce Reed, Masahiro Takamura, Paul Michenthaler, Koki Takagaki, Patricia Anna Handschuh, Satoshi Yokoyama, Matej Murgas, Naho Ichikawa, Gregor Gryglewski, Chiyo Shibasaki, Marie Spies, Atsuo Yoshino, Andreas Hahn, Yasumasa Okamoto, Rupert Lanzenberger, Shigeto Yamawaki & Siegfried Kasper - 2019 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 13.
  27.  14
    The Implicit Processing of Categorical and Dimensional Strategies: An fMRI Study of Facial Emotion Perception.Yoshi-Taka Matsuda, Tomomi Fujimura, Kentaro Katahira, Masato Okada, Kenichi Ueno, Kang Cheng & Kazuo Okanoya - 2013 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 7.
  28.  95
    A Non-Cooperative Axiomatization of the Core.Akira Okada & Eyal Winter - 2002 - Theory and Decision 53 (1):1-28.
    We treat a class of multi-person bargaining mechanisms based on games in coalitional form. For this class of games we identify properties of non-cooperative solution concepts, which are necessary and sufficient for the equilibrium outcomes to coincide with the core of the underlying coalitional form game. We view this result as a non-cooperative axiomatization of the core. In contrast to most of the literature on multi-person bargaining we avoid a precise specification of the rules of the game. Alternatively, we impose (...)
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  29.  29
    Interresponse Times in Single-Trial Free Recall.Bennet B. Murdock & Ronald Okada - 1970 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 86 (2):263.
  30.  37
    A Direct Independence Proof of Buchholz's Hydra Game on Finite Labeled Trees.Masahiro Hamano & Mitsuhiro Okada - 1998 - Archive for Mathematical Logic 37 (2):67-89.
    We shall give a direct proof of the independence result of a Buchholz style-Hydra Game on labeled finite trees. We shall show that Takeuti-Arai's cut-elimination procedure of $(\Pi^{1}_{1}-CA) + BI$ and of the iterated inductive definition systems can be directly expressed by the reduction rules of Buchholz's Hydra Game. As a direct corollary the independence result of the Hydra Game follows.
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  31.  28
    Influence of Grammatical Gender on Deductive Reasoning About Sex-Specific Properties of Animals.Mutsumi Imai, Lennart Schalk, Henrik Saalbach & Hiroyuki Okada - 2010 - In S. Ohlsson & R. Catrambone (eds.), Proceedings of the 32nd Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society. Cognitive Science Society.
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  32.  1
    Prefrontal Responses to Odors in Individuals With Autism Spectrum Disorders: Functional NIRS Measurement Combined With a Fragrance Pulse Ejection System.Mingdi Xu, Yasuyo Minagawa, Hirokazu Kumazaki, Ken-Ichi Okada & Nozomi Naoi - 2020 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 14.
  33.  11
    HAADF–STEM Study of B–Mg–Ru Approximant Crystals.Y. Miyazaki, J. T. Okada, E. Abe & K. Kimura - 2008 - Philosophical Magazine 88 (13-15):1935-1940.
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  34.  10
    Structural Vacancies in Al–Pd–Mn Quasicrystal and its -AlPdMnSi Approximant Crystals: Positron Lifetime Studies.Y. Takagiwa, J. T. Okada, K. Kimura, H. Kitahata, Y. Matsushita & I. Kanazawa - 2008 - Philosophical Magazine 88 (13-15):1929-1934.
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  35.  7
    Some Remarks on a Difference Between Gentzen's Finitist and Heyting's Intuitionist Approaches Toward Intuitionistic Logic and Arithmetic.Mitsuhiro Okada - 2008 - Annals of the Japan Association for Philosophy of Science 16 (1-2):1-17.
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  36.  10
    New Approximant Crystals of Decagonal B–Mg–Ru Quasicrystal.Y. Miyazaki, J. T. Okada & K. Kimura - 2007 - Philosophical Magazine 87 (18-21):2701-2706.
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  37.  2
    Importance of the Habenula for Avoidance Learning Including Contextual Cues in the Human Brain: A Preliminary fMRI Study.Atsuo Yoshino, Yasumasa Okamoto, Yuki Sumiya, Go Okada, Masahiro Takamura, Naho Ichikawa, Takashi Nakano, Chiyo Shibasaki, Hidenori Aizawa, Yosuke Yamawaki, Kyoko Kawakami, Satoshi Yokoyama, Junichiro Yoshimoto & Shigeto Yamawaki - 2020 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 14.
  38.  16
    Linear Logic and Intuitionistic Logic.Mitsuhiro Okada - 2004 - Revue Internationale de Philosophie 4:449-481.
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  39.  21
    SINE Insertions: Powerful Tools for Molecular Systematics.Andrew M. Shedlock & Norihiro Okada - 2000 - Bioessays 22 (2):148-160.
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  40.  29
    A New Correctness Criterion for the Proof Nets of Non-Commutative Multiplicative Linear Logics.Misao Nagayama & Mitsuhiro Okada - 2001 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 66 (4):1524-1542.
    This paper presents a new correctness criterion for marked Danos-Reginer graphs (D-R graphs, for short) of Multiplicative Cyclic Linear Logic MCLL and Abrusci's non-commutative Linear Logic MNLL. As a corollary we obtain an affirmative answer to the open question whether a known quadratic-time algorithm for the correctness checking of proof nets for MCLL and MNLL can be improved to linear-time.
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  41.  42
    Incremental Learning of Gestures for Human–Robot Interaction.Shogo Okada, Yoichi Kobayashi, Satoshi Ishibashi & Toyoaki Nishida - 2010 - AI and Society 25 (2):155-168.
    For a robot to cohabit with people, it should be able to learn people’s nonverbal social behavior from experience. In this paper, we propose a novel machine learning method for recognizing gestures used in interaction and communication. Our method enables robots to learn gestures incrementally during human–robot interaction in an unsupervised manner. It allows the user to leave the number and types of gestures undefined prior to the learning. The proposed method (HB-SOINN) is based on a self-organizing incremental neural network (...)
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  42.  26
    Weak Logical Constants and Second Order Definability of the Full-Strength Logical Constants.Mitsuhiro Okada - 1989 - Annals of the Japan Association for Philosophy of Science 7 (4):163-172.
  43.  45
    Nishidas Auseinandersetzung mit Fichte.Katsuaki Okada - 2000 - Fichte-Studien 18:189-203.
  44.  13
    Recognition and Recall of Positively Forgotten Items.Jonathan C. Davis & Ronald Okada - 1971 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 89 (1):181.
  45.  31
    Relational Analysis of Users' Viewing and Communication Behaviors in a Video-On-Demand Service with Social Networking Functions.Masaru Miyazaki, Hiroshi Fujisawa, Toshio Nakagawa, Shogo Okada & Katsumi Nitta - 2015 - Transactions of the Japanese Society for Artificial Intelligence 30 (2):429-439.
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  46.  7
    A Proof-Theoretic Study Of The Correspondence Of Classical Logic And Modal Logic.H. Kushida & M. Okada - 2003 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 68 (4):1403-1414.
    It is well known that the modal logic S5 can be embedded in the classical predicate logic by interpreting the modal operator in terms of a quantifier. Wajsberg proved this fact in a syntactic way. Mints extended this result to the quantified version of S5; using a purely proof-theoretic method he showed that the quantified S5 corresponds to the classical predicate logic with one-sorted variable. In this paper we extend Mints’ result to the basic modal logic S4; we investigate the (...)
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  47.  17
    Der erste Grundsatz und die Bildlehre.Katsuaki Okada - 1997 - Fichte-Studien 10:127-141.
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  48.  4
    Deformation Band Evolution in [110] Al Single Crystals Strained in Tension.J. A. Wert *, K. Kashihara, T. Okada, X. Huang & F. Inoko - 2005 - Philosophical Magazine 85 (18):1989-2021.
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  49.  14
    How Do Creative Experts Practice New Skills? Exploratory Practice in Breakdancers.Daichi Shimizu & Takeshi Okada - 2018 - Cognitive Science 42 (7):2364-2396.
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  50.  5
    Organizational Factors in Hich-Speed Scanning.Ronald Okada & David Burrows - 1973 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 101 (1):77.
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