Results for 'Elliot McGinnies'

894 found
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  1.  35
    Visual-recognition thresholds as a function of word length and word frequency.Elliot McGinnies, Patrick B. Comer & Oliver L. Lacey - 1952 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 44 (2):65.
  2.  35
    Deep ecology and the foundations of restoration.Michael Vincent McGinnis - 1996 - Inquiry: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Philosophy 39 (2):203-217.
    Throughout the globe, degraded ecosystems are in desperate need of restoration. Restoration is based on world‐view and the human relationship with the natural world, our place, and the landscape. The question is, can society and its institutions shift from development and use of natural resources to ecological restoration of the natural world without a change in world‐view? Some world‐views lead to more destructive human behavior than others. Following Naess's ecosophical comparison of the deep and shallow ecology movements, this essay depicts (...)
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  3.  47
    Avicenna.Jon McGinnis - 2010 - New York: Oxford University Press.
    This book is designed to remedy that lack.
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  4. The Philosophy of Creativity.Elliot Samuel Paul & Scott Barry Kaufman (eds.) - 2014 - New York: Oxford University Press.
  5. The Development of Social Knowledge: Morality and Convention.Elliot Turiel - 1983 - Cambridge University Press.
    Children are not simply molded by the environment; through constant inference and interpretation, they actively shape their own social world. This book is about that process. Elliot Turiel's work focuses on the development of moral judgment in children and adolescents and, more generally, on their evolving understanding of the conventions of social systems. His research suggests that social judgements are ordered, systematic, subtly discriminative, and related to behavior. His theory of the ways in which children generate social knowledge through (...)
  6. Cartesian Clarity.Elliot Samuel Paul - 2020 - Philosophers' Imprint 20 (19):1-28.
    Clear and distinct perception is the centrepiece of Descartes’s philosophy — it is the source of all certainty — but what does he mean by ‘clear’ and ‘distinct’? According to the prevailing approach, what it means for a perception to be clear is that its content has a certain objective property, like truth. I argue instead that clarity is at least partly a subjective, phenomenal quality whereby a content is presented as true to the perceiving subject. Clarity comes in degrees. (...)
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  7.  12
    Approximating optimal social choice under metric preferences.Elliot Anshelevich, Onkar Bhardwaj, Edith Elkind, John Postl & Piotr Skowron - 2018 - Artificial Intelligence 264 (C):27-51.
  8. Matters of life and death: a Jewish approach to modern medical ethics.Elliot N. Dorff - 1998 - Philadelphia: Jewish Publication Society.
    In Matters of Life and Death Elliot Dorff thoroughly addresses this unavoidable confluence of medical technology and Jewish law and ethics.
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  9.  24
    Skilled actions: A task-dynamic approach.Elliot Saltzman & J. A. Kelso - 1987 - Psychological Review 94 (1):84-106.
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  10.  11
    The distortion of distributed metric social choice.Elliot Anshelevich, Aris Filos-Ratsikas & Alexandros A. Voudouris - 2022 - Artificial Intelligence 308 (C):103713.
  11.  12
    The duplicity of philosophy's shadow: Heidegger, Nazism, and the Jewish other.Elliot R. Wolfson - 2018 - New York: Columbia University Press.
    Elliot R. Wolfson intervenes in the debate over Martin Heidegger and Nazism from a unique perspective, as a scholar of Jewish mysticism and philosophy who has been profoundly influenced by Heidegger's work. He reveals crucial aspects of Heidegger's thinking that betray an affinity with dimensions of Jewish thought.
  12.  33
    Approach–Avoidance Motivation and Emotion: Convergence and Divergence.Andrew J. Elliot, Andreas B. Eder & Eddie Harmon-Jones - 2013 - Emotion Review 5 (3):308-311.
    In this concluding piece, we identify and discuss various aspects of convergence and, to a lesser degree, divergence in the ideas expressed in the contributions to this special section. These contributions emphatically illustrate that approach–avoidance motivation is integral to the scientific study of emotion. It is our hope that the articles herein will facilitate cross-talk among researchers and research traditions, and will lead to a more thorough understanding of the role of approach–avoidance motivation in emotion.
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  13.  35
    Contemporary Jewish ethics and morality: a reader.Elliot N. Dorff & Louis E. Newman (eds.) - 1995 - New York: Oxford University Press.
    Over the past decade much significant new work has appeared in the field of Jewish ethics. While much of this work has been devoted to issues in applied ethics, a number of important essays have explored central themes within the tradition and clarified the theoretical foundations of Jewish ethics. This important text grew out of the need for a single work which accurately and conveniently reflects these developments within the field. The first text of its kind in almost two decades, (...)
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  14.  8
    Tsimtsum, Lichtung, and the Leap of Bestowing Refusal: Kabbalistic and Heideggerian Metaontology in Dialogue.Elliot R. Wolfson - 2020 - In Agata Bielik-Robson & Daniel H. Weiss (eds.), Tsimtsum and Modernity: Lurianic Heritage in Modern Philosophy and Theology. De Gruyter. pp. 141-190.
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  15. Expressivism and moral independence.Elliot Salinger - 2023 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 108 (1):136-152.
    Metaethical expressivism faces the perennial objection that its commitment to non‐cognitivism about moral judgment renders the view revisionary of our ordinary moral thought. The standard response to this objection is to say that since the expressivist's theoretical commitments about the nature of moral judgment are independent of normative ethics, the view cannot be revisionary of normative ethics. This essay seeks to evaluate the standard response by exploring several senses of independence that expressivism might enjoy from normative ethics. I develop a (...)
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  16. Creativity.Elliot Samuel Paul & Dustin Stokes - 2023 - Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
    This entry provides a substantive overview of research and debates concerning creativity in philosophy and related fields. Topics covered include definitions of creativity, whether creativity can be learned, whether it can be explained, attempts to explain creativity in cognitive science, and whether computer programs or AI systems can be creative.
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  17. Attributing Creativity.Elliot Samuel Paul & Dustin Stokes - 2018 - In Berys Nigel Gaut & Matthew Kieran (eds.), Creativity and Philosophy. New York: Routledge.
    Three kinds of things may be creative: persons, processes, and products. The standard definition of creativity, used nearly by consensus in psychological research, focuses specifically on products and says that a product is creative if and only if it is new and valuable. We argue that at least one further condition is necessary for a product to be creative: it must have been produced by the right kind of process. We argue furthermore that this point has an interesting epistemological implication: (...)
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  18.  18
    Reexamination of the role of the hypothalamus in motivation.Elliot S. Valenstein, Verne C. Cox & Jan W. Kakolewski - 1970 - Psychological Review 77 (1):16-31.
  19.  93
    Why Are Accidents Included under Being per se?Elliot Polsky - forthcoming - Nova et Vetera.
    In In V Metaphysics, lec. 9, Aquinas distinguishes between “being by accident” (ens per accidens) and “being by itself” (ens per se) and includes the nine accidental categories under the latter. But isn’t substance a being per se while accidents are, by definition, accidental beings? Several authors—including Ralph McInerny, Paul Symington, and Greg Doolan—have offered explanations of this strange classification. Drawing on an overlooked parallel text in the Posterior Analytics commentary and on Aquinas’s critique of Avicenna’s understanding of accidental denominatives, (...)
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  20.  4
    Mania, urgency, and the structure of agency.Elliot Porter - forthcoming - Philosophical Psychology.
    A debate persists over how to distinguish manic states from non-manic ones (such as depressions). A lacuna exists amongst these efforts, where a specifically agentive account of mania would sit. An agentive account centers the manic person’s view of practical reasons, rationalizing their actions in the same way that sympathetic understandings rationalize the actions of more neurotypical agents. In this paper, I argue that mania restructures our agency by creating a pervasive sense of urgency. This urgency changes the kind of (...)
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  21. Descartes’s Anti-Transparency and the Need for Radical Doubt.Elliot Samuel Paul - 2018 - Ergo: An Open Access Journal of Philosophy 5:1083-1129.
    Descartes is widely portrayed as the arch proponent of “the epistemological transparency of thought” (or simply, “Transparency”). The most promising version of this view—Transparency-through-Introspection—says that introspecting (i.e., inwardly attending to) a thought guarantees certain knowledge of that thought. But Descartes rejects this view and provides numerous counterexamples to it. I argue that, instead, Descartes’s theory of self-knowledge is just an application of his general theory of knowledge. According to his general theory, certain knowledge is acquired only through clear and distinct (...)
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  22.  22
    Enacted Appreciation and the Meta-Normative Structure of Urgency.Elliot Porter - forthcoming - Analysis.
    Some considerations are urgent and others are not. Sometimes, we invite criticism if we neglect the urgency of our situation, even if our action seem adequate to respond to it. Despite this significance, the literature does not offer a satisfactory analysis of the normative structure of urgency. I examine three views of urgency, drawn from philosophical and adjacent literature, which fail to explain the distinctive criticism we face when we do neglect the urgency of our reasons. Instead, I argue that (...)
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  23. The development of social concepts: Mores, customs, and conventions.Elliot Turiel - 1975 - In David J. DePalma & Jeanne M. Foley (eds.), Moral development: current theory and research. New York: Halsted Press. pp. 7--38.
     
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  24.  7
    Suffering Time: Philosophical, Kabbalistic, and Ḥasidic Reflections on Temporality.Elliot R. Wolfson - 2021 - Boston: BRILL.
    No one theory of time is pursued in the essays of this volume, but a major theme that threads them together is Wolfson’s signature idea of the timeswerve as a linear circularity or a circular linearity, expressions that are meant to avoid the conventional split between the two temporal modalities of the line and the circle.
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  25. Environmental Ethics.R. Elliot - 1991 - In Peter Singer (ed.), A Companion to Ethics. Cambridge, Mass., USA: Wiley-Blackwell. pp. 284-293.
     
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  26. Cartesian intuition.Elliot Samuel Paul - 2022 - British Journal for the History of Philosophy 31 (4):693-723.
    This paper explicates Descartes’ theory of intuition (intuitus). Departing from certain commentators, I argue that intuition, for Descartes, is a form of clear and distinct intellectual perception. Because it is clear and distinct, it is indubitable, infallible, and provides a grade of certain knowledge he calls ‘cognitio’. I pay special attention to why he treats intuition as a form of perception, and what he means when he says it is ‘clear and distinct’. Finally, I situate his view in relation to (...)
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  27. Introducing THE PHILOSOPHY OF CREATIVITY.Elliot Samuel Paul & Scott Barry Kaufman - 2014 - In Elliot Samuel Paul & Scott Barry Kaufman (eds.), The Philosophy of Creativity. New York: Oxford University Press. pp. 3-14.
    Creativity pervades human life. It is the mark of individuality, the vehicle of self-expression, and the engine of progress in every human endeavor. It also raises a wealth of neglected and yet evocative philosophical questions: What is the role of consciousness in the creative process? How does the audience for a work for art influence its creation? How can creativity emerge through childhood pretending? Do great works of literature give us insight into human nature? Can a computer program really be (...)
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  28.  49
    Autonomy as an Ideal for Neuro-Atypical Agency: Lessons from Bipolar Disorder.Elliot Porter - 2023 - Dissertation, University of Kent
    There is a strong presumption that mental disorder injures a person's autonomy, understood as a set of capacities and as an ideal condition of agency which is worth striving for. However, recent multidimensional approaches to autonomy have revealed a greater diversity in ways of being autonomous than has previously been appreciated. This presumption, then, risks wrongly dismissing variant, neuro-atypical sorts of autonomy as non-autonomy. This is both an epistemic error, which impairs our understanding of autonomy as a phenomenon, and a (...)
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  29.  15
    Problems of measurement and interpretation with reinforcing brain stimulation.Elliot S. Valenstein - 1964 - Psychological Review 71 (6):415-437.
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  30. Persistent tensions in arts-based research.Elliot Eisner - 2008 - In Melisa Cahnmann-Taylor & Richard Siegesmund (eds.), Arts-based research in education: foundations for practice. New York: Routledge.
  31.  42
    Shaping animal body plans in development and evolution by modulation of Hox expression patterns.Gabriel Gellon & William McGinnis - 1998 - Bioessays 20 (2):116-125.
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  32.  32
    Cartesian intuition.Elliot Samuel Paul - 2022 - British Journal for the History of Philosophy 31 (4):693-723.
    This paper explicates Descartes’ theory of intuition (intuitus). Departing from certain commentators, I argue that intuition, for Descartes, is a form of clear and distinct intellectual perception. Because it is clear and distinct, it is indubitable, infallible, and provides a grade of certain knowledge he calls ‘cognitio’. I pay special attention to why he treats intuition as a form of perception, and what he means when he says it is ‘clear and distinct’. Finally, I situate his view in relation to (...)
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  33.  36
    Labels, cognomes, and cyclic computation: an ethological perspective.Elliot Murphy - 2015 - Frontiers in Psychology 6:144329.
    For the past two decades, it has widely been assumed by linguists that there is a single computational operation, Merge, which is unique to language, distinguishing it from other cognitive domains. The intention of this paper is to progress the discussion of language evolution in two ways: (i) survey what the ethological record reveals about the uniqueness of the human computational system, and (ii) explore how syntactic theories account for what ethology may determine to be human-specific. It is shown that (...)
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  34.  38
    Willful Understanding: Avicenna’s Philosophy of Action and Theory of the Will.Anthony Ruffus & Jon McGinnis - 2015 - Archiv für Geschichte der Philosophie 97 (2).
    Name der Zeitschrift: Archiv für Geschichte der Philosophie Jahrgang: 97 Heft: 2 Seiten: 160-195.
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  35.  33
    Critique, Norm, and Utopia: A Study of the Foundations of Critical Theory.Elliot L. Jurist - 1986. - Journal of Philosophy 86 (4):203-208.
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  36.  15
    A Theory of Color Vision.Elliot Q. Adams - 1923 - Psychological Review 30 (1):56-76.
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  37. Reply to William Godfrey-Smith.Robert Elliot - 1980 - In D. Mannison, M. McRobbie & R. Routley (eds.), Environmental Philosophy. Research School of Social Sciences, Australian National University: Australian National University, Department of Philosophy. pp. 48-51.
    William Godfrey-Smith is now William Grey. It is agreed that the moral community can be justifiably extended to include sentient non-humans, however, it is claimed that it is possible to give up human chauvinism without adopting the ethic Godfrey-Smith advocates. Feinberg's interest principle is taken by Godfrey-Smith to be the most promising for demarcating the class of individuals to whom rights can be properly attributed. It is claimed that this principle does not force an extension of the class of rights-holders (...)
     
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  38. Cartesian clarity.Elliot Samuel Paul - 2020 - Philosophers' Imprint 20 (19):1–28.
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  39.  5
    Epigram X.63. Martial & Translated by Alistair Elliot - 2016 - Arion 23 (3):87.
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  40. Natural language syntax complies with the free-energy principle.Elliot Murphy, Emma Holmes & Karl Friston - 2024 - Synthese 203 (5):1-35.
    Natural language syntax yields an unbounded array of hierarchically structured expressions. We claim that these are used in the service of active inference in accord with the free-energy principle (FEP). While conceptual advances alongside modelling and simulation work have attempted to connect speech segmentation and linguistic communication with the FEP, we extend this program to the underlying computations responsible for generating syntactic objects. We argue that recently proposed principles of economy in language design—such as “minimal search” criteria from theoretical syntax—adhere (...)
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  41.  14
    Bridging the Gap between Genes and Language Deficits in Schizophrenia: An Oscillopathic Approach.Elliot Murphy & Antonio Benítez-Burraco - 2016 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 10.
  42.  14
    Copredication and Complexity Revisited: A Reply to Löhr and Michel.Elliot Murphy - 2022 - Cognitive Science 46 (10):e13207.
    Cognitive Science, Volume 46, Issue 10, October 2022.
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  43. Fear, Denial, and Sensible Action in the Face of Disasters.Elliot Aronson - 2008 - Social Research: An International Quarterly 75 (3):855-872.
    How can we use our knowledge of how the mind works to help people act in ways that can prevent disaster, prepare for it, or at the very least, help them respond to a disaster in ways that will reduce its impact? This paper suggests that the most effective method for helping the public deal with disaster, and preventing denial, is to provide them with a concrete, doable, and effective strategy. A number of examples are discussed, including government warnings about (...)
     
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  44.  36
    Bipolar Disorder and Self-Determination: Predicating Self-Determination at Scope.Elliot Porter - 2022 - Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 29 (3):133-145.
    Abstract:Bipolar or related disorders (BoRD) present unique practical and existential problems for people who live with them. All agents experience changes in the things they care about over time. However people living with BoRD face drastic shifts in what seems valuable to them, which upset their longitudinal values (if, indeed, any stable longitudinal values are available in the first place). Navigating these evaluative high seas presents agents living with BoRD with a distinctive existential question, not shared by those on calmer (...)
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  45.  22
    Reward in the mirror neuron system, social context, and the implications on psychopathology.Elliot C. Brown & Martin Brüne - 2014 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 37 (2):196-197.
  46.  4
    Temporal Diremption and the Novelty of Genuine Repetition.Elliot R. Wolfson - 2021 - In Lissa McCullough & Elliot R. Wolfson (eds.), D. G. Leahy and the thinking now occurring. Albany [New York]: State University of New York Press. pp. 53-96.
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  47. Simplicity.Elliot Sober - 1976 - Revue Philosophique de la France Et de l'Etranger 166 (3):370-371.
     
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  48. The Semantics of Divine Esse in Boethius.Elliot Polsky - forthcoming - Nova et Vetera.
    Boethius identifies God both with esse ipsum and esse suum. This paper explains Boethius's general semantic use of "esse" and the application of this use to God. It questions the helpfulness of attributing to Boethius "existence" words and argues for a more robust role in Boethius’s thought for Hilary of Poitiers’s and Augustine’s exegeses of Exodus 3:14-15 than has been acknowledged in recent scholarship.
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  49. I ndex.Elliot Abrams, M. H. Abrams, Patricia Aburdene, John Narsbut, Ahmad Aijaz, Anderson Perry, Phillip Anderson, Gloria Anzaldua, A. Carol & Aqumas St Thomas - 1995 - In Jeffrey Williams (ed.), Pc Wars: Politics and Theory in the Academy. Routledge. pp. 331.
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  50.  25
    Ann Raia.Elliot Bernstein, Lauren Hoffman, Laura Messenheimer, Jose Ortiz, Kate Pilkington, James Rodkey, Alan Vollman & Judith P. Hallett - 2010 - Classical World: A Quarterly Journal on Antiquity 103 (4):533-534.
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