Results for 'Elliott Tammaro'

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  1.  43
    Mechanics: Non-Classical, Non-Quantum.Elliott Tammaro - 2012 - Foundations of Physics 42 (2):284-290.
    A non-classical, non-quantum theory, or NCQ, is any fully consistent theory that differs fundamentally from both the corresponding classical and quantum theories, while exhibiting certain features common to both. Such theories are of interest for two primary reasons. Firstly, NCQs arise prominently in semi-classical approximation schemes. Their formal study may yield improved approximation techniques in the near-classical regime. More importantly for the purposes of this note, it may be possible for NCQs to reproduce quantum results over experimentally tested regimes while (...)
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  2.  22
    Author Responds to "Review of Carl Elliott, Better Than Well: American Medicine Meets the American Dream" by Paul Root Wolpe.Carl Elliott - 2004 - American Journal of Bioethics 4 (1):38-38.
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  3.  16
    Imagination in the Experience of Art: R. K. Elliott.R. K. Elliott - 1972 - Royal Institute of Philosophy Supplement 6:88-105.
    In this paper I shall not be concerned with the imagination as insight, but only with certain aspects of ‘magical’ imagination, that division of the concept which centres upon the notion of an image. In the Philosophical Investigations Wittgenstein makes the extremely interesting remark that when a printed triangle is seen, for instance, as a mountain, it is as if an image came into contact, and for a time remained in contact, with the visual impression. He goes on to say (...)
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  4.  11
    The Aim of This Chapter is to Help Readers Understand Their Responsibilities as Persons and as Journalists, and to Provide Them with a Framework for Addressing the Ethical Issues That Routinely Arise in the Practice of Journalism. Our Approach, Which is Informed by the Basic Tenets of Western Ethical Tradi-Tions and Which Borrows From Ozar's and Elliott's Previous Works, Develops From the Abstract to the Concrete. 1 That is, We Move From a Discussion of the Purpose of Journalism, and the Specific Values ... [REVIEW]Deni Elliott - 2010 - In Christopher Meyers (ed.), Journalism Ethics: A Philosophical Approach. Oxford University Press. pp. 9.
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  5.  19
    Journalistic Truth: An Essay Review by Deni Elliott.Deni Elliott - 1994 - Journal of Mass Media Ethics 9 (3):184 – 186.
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  6. Book Review: Journalistic Truth: An Essay Review by Deni Elliott[REVIEW]Deni Elliott - 1994 - Journal of Mass Media Ethics 9 (3):184 – 186.
     
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  7. A Tapestry of Values: An Introduction to Values in Science.Kevin C. Elliott - 2017 - Oxford University Press USA.
    The role of values in scientific research has become an important topic of discussion in both scholarly and popular debates. Pundits across the political spectrum worry that research on topics like climate change, evolutionary theory, vaccine safety, and genetically modified foods has become overly politicized. At the same time, it is clear that values play an important role in science by limiting unethical forms of research and by deciding what areas of research have the greatest relevance for society. Deciding how (...)
     
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  8.  71
    How Values in Scientific Discovery and Pursuit Alter Theory Appraisal.Kevin Elliott & Daniel McKaughan - 2009 - Philosophy of Science 76 (5):598-611.
    Philosophers of science readily acknowledge that nonepistemic values influence the discovery and pursuit of scientific theories, but many tend to regard these influences as epistemically uninteresting. The present paper challenges this position by identifying three avenues through which nonepistemic values associated with discovery and pursuit in contemporary pollution research influence theory appraisal: (1) by guiding the choice of questions and research projects, (2) by altering experimental design, and (3) by affecting the creation and further investigation of theories or hypotheses. This (...)
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  9.  28
    The New Individualism and Contemporary Japan: Theoretical Avenues and the Japanese New Individualist Path.Anthony Elliott, Masataka Katagiri & Atsushi Sawai - 2012 - Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour 42 (4):425-443.
    Recent social theory has identified various institutional forces operating at a global level promoting novel trends towards “individualization”, “reflexive self-identity” and “new individualism” (Beck and Beck-Gernsheim, 2001; Giddens, 1991, 1992; Elliott and Lemert, 2009, 2009a). This article develops an exploratory overview of the theory of new individualism with reference to Japanese sociologies of self specifically and contemporary Japanese society more generally. Detailing the large-scale societal shift in Japan from traditional forms of identity-construction (based on a citizenship model of social (...)
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  10.  31
    Slow Cures and Bad Philosophers: Essays on Wittgenstein, Medicine, and Bioethics.Carl Elliott (ed.) - 2001 - Duke University Press.
    _Slow Cures and Bad Philosophers_ uses insights from the philosophy of Ludwig Wittgenstein to rethink bioethics. Although Wittgenstein produced little formal writing on ethics, this volume shows that, in fact, ethical issues permeate the entirety of his work. The scholars whom Carl Elliott has assembled in this volume pay particular attention to Wittgenstein’s concern with the thick context of moral problems, his suspicion of theory, and his belief in description as the real aim of philosophy. Their aim is not (...)
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  11.  28
    Electrophysiological Correlates of Flicker-Induced Color Hallucinations.Cordula Becker, Klaus Gramann, Hermann J. Müller & Mark A. Elliott - 2009 - Consciousness and Cognition 18 (1):266-276.
    In a recent study, Becker and Elliott [Becker, C., & Elliott, M. A. . Flicker induced color and form: Interdependencies and relation to stimulation frequency and phase. Consciousness & Cognition, 15, 175–196] described the appearance of subjective experiences of color and form induced by stimulation with intermittent light. While there have been electroencephalographic studies of similar hallucinatory forms, brain activity accompanying the appearance of hallucinatory colors was never measured. Using a priming procedure where observers were required to indicate (...)
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  12. Reflecting Where the Action Is: The Selected Works.John Elliott - 2006 - Routledge.
    Professor John Elliott has spent the last 30 years researching, thinking and writing about some of the key and enduring issues in Education Research and Action Research. He has contributed over 25 books and 600 articles to the field. In this book, he brings together over 16 of his key writings, in one place. Starting with a specially written Introduction, which gives an overview of Professor Elliott's career and contextualizes his selection, the chapters cover: · Rethinking Educational Research (...)
     
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  13.  52
    Social Theory Since Freud: Traversing Social Imaginaries.Anthony Elliott - 2004 - Routledge.
    In this compelling book, Anthony Elliott traces the rise of psychoanalysis from the Frankfurt School to postmodernism, exploring in detail the social and political factors that have led intellectuals to draw from the insights of Freud. Examining how pathbreaking theorists such as Adorno, Marcuse, Lacan and Lyotard have deployed psychoanalysis to politicize issues like desire, sexuality, repression and identity, Elliott develops a powerful assessment of the gains and losses arising from this appropriation of psychoanalysis in social theory and (...)
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  14.  7
    The Ethics of Asking: Dilemmas in Higher Education Fund Raising.Deni Elliott (ed.) - 1995 - Johns Hopkins University Press.
    & A college development officer is offered a generous gift by a donor whose identity would embarrass the institution. Should the development officer accept? & A volunteer lies about his level of giving, but classmates believe him and match his "gift." Should donors be told the truth? & A development officer must explain to a donor the difference between naming an endowed chair and selecting the person to fill the chair. Where is the line between reasonable donor expectations and intrusion? (...)
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  15. The New Individualism: The Emotional Costs of Globalization Revised Edition.Anthony Elliott & Prof Charles Lemert - 2009 - Routledge.
    This is a new and revised edition of a book which has had a major impact upon the social sciences and public political debate. Anthony Elliott and Charles Lemert's THE NEW INDIVIDUALISM inspired readers with the dramatic suggestion that 'the reinvention craze' - from self-help and therapy culture to management restructurings and corporate downsizings - is central to a 'new individualism' sweeping the globe. Giving particular attention to the narratives of people seeking to define anew their lives in an (...)
     
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  16.  3
    Electrophysiological Correlates of Flicker-Induced Color Hallucinations.Cordula Becker, Klaus Gramman, Hermann Müller & Mark Elliott - 2009 - Consciousness and Cognition 18 (1):266-276.
    In a recent study, Becker and Elliott [Becker, C., & Elliott, M. A.. Flicker induced color and form: Interdependencies and relation to stimulation frequency and phase. Consciousness & Cognition, 15, 175–196] described the appearance of subjective experiences of color and form induced by stimulation with intermittent light. While there have been electroencephalographic studies of similar hallucinatory forms, brain activity accompanying the appearance of hallucinatory colors was never measured. Using a priming procedure where observers were required to indicate the (...)
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  17. Nonepistemic Values and the Multiple Goals of Science.Kevin Elliott & Daniel McKaughan - 2014 - Philosophy of Science 81 (1):1-21.
    Recent efforts to argue that nonepistemic values have a legitimate role to play in assessing scientific models, theories, and hypotheses typically either reject the distinction between epistemic and nonepistemic values or incorporate nonepistemic values only as a secondary consideration for resolving epistemic uncertainty. Given that scientific representations can legitimately be evaluated not only based on their fit with the world but also with respect to their fit with the needs of their users, we show in two case studies that nonepistemic (...)
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  18.  46
    Is a Little Pollution Good for You?: Incorporating Societal Values in Environmental Research.Kevin Elliott - 2010 - Oxford University Press.
    Introduction : societal values and environmental research -- The Hormesis case -- An argument for societal values in policy-relevant research -- Lesson #1 : safeguarding science -- Lesson #2 : diagnosing deliberation -- Lesson #3 : ethics for experts -- The MCS and ED cases.
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  19.  88
    Douglas on Values: From Indirect Roles to Multiple Goals.Kevin C. Elliott - 2013 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 44 (3):375-383.
    In recent papers and a book, Heather Douglas has expanded on the well-known argument from inductive risk, thereby launching an influential contemporary critique of the value-free ideal for science. This paper distills Douglas’s critique into four major claims. The first three claims provide a significant challenge to the value-free ideal for science. However, the fourth claim, which delineates her positive proposal to regulate values in science by distinguishing direct and indirect roles for values, is ambiguous between two interpretations, and both (...)
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  20.  37
    Withdrawal of Nonfutile Life Support After Attempted Suicide.Samuel M. Brown, C. Gregory Elliott & Robert Paine - 2013 - American Journal of Bioethics: 13 (3):3 - 12.
    End-of-life decision making is fraught with ethical challenges. Withholding or withdrawing life support therapy is widely considered ethical in patients with high treatment burden, poor premorbid status, or significant projected disability even when such treatment is not ?futile.? Whether such withdrawal of therapy in the aftermath of attempted suicide is ethical is not well established in the literature. We provide a clinical vignette and propose criteria under which such withdrawal would be ethical. We suggest that it is appropriate to withdraw (...)
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  21. Direct and Indirect Roles for Values in Science.Kevin Elliott - unknown
    Although many philosophers have employed the distinction between “direct” and “indirect” roles for values in science, I argue that it merits further clarification. The distinction can be formulated in several ways: as a logical point, as a distinction between epistemic attitudes, or as a clarification of different consequences associated with accepting scientific claims. Moreover, it can serve either as part of a normative ideal or as a tool for policing how values influence science. While various formulations of the distinction may (...)
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  22. Cognitive Attitudes and Values in Science.Kevin Elliott & David Willmes - unknown
    We argue that the analysis of cognitive attitudes should play a central role in developing more sophisticated accounts of the proper roles for values in science. First, we show that the major recent efforts to delineate appropriate roles for values in science would be strengthened by making clearer distinctions among cognitive attitudes. Next, we turn to a specific example and argue that a more careful account of the distinction between the attitudes of belief and acceptance can contribute to a better (...)
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  23.  61
    Varieties of Exploratory Experimentation in Nanotoxicology.Kevin Elliott - 2007 - History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 29 (3):313 - 336.
    There has been relatively little effort to provide a systematic overview of different forms of exploratory experimentation (EE). The present paper examines the growing subdiscipline of nanotoxicology and suggests that it illustrates at least four ways that researchers can engage in EE: searching for regularities; developing new techniques, simulation models, and instrumentation; collecting and analyzing large swaths of data using new experimental strategies (e.g., computer-based simulation and "high-throughput" instrumentation); and structuring an entire disciplinary field around exploratory research agendas. In order (...)
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  24.  7
    Short-Term Memory for Spatial Location in Goal-Directed Locomotion.Digby Elliott, Ruth Jones & Susan Gray - 1990 - Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 28 (2):158-160.
  25. Epistemic Two-Dimensionalism and Arguments From Epistemic Misclassification.Edward Elliott, Kelvin McQueen & Clas Weber - 2013 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 91 (2):375-389.
    According to Epistemic Two-Dimensional Semantics (E2D), expressions have a counterfactual intension and an epistemic intension. Epistemic intensions reflect cognitive significance such that sentences with necessary epistemic intensions are a priori. We defend E2D against an influential line of criticism: arguments from epistemic misclassification. We focus in particular on the arguments of Speaks [2010] and Schroeter [2005]. Such arguments conclude that E2D is mistaken from (i) the claim that E2D is committed to classifying certain sentences as a priori, and (ii) the (...)
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  26.  27
    Pursued by Happiness and Beaten Senseless Prozac and the American Dream.Carl Elliott - 2000 - Hastings Center Report 30 (2):7-12.
  27.  60
    Epistemic and Methodological Iteration in Scientific Research.Kevin C. Elliott - 2012 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 43 (2):376-382.
    A number of scholars have recently drawn attention to the importance of iteration in scientific research. This paper builds on these previous discussions by drawing a distinction between epistemic and methodological forms of iteration and by clarifying the relationships between them. As defined here, epistemic iteration involves progressive alterations to scientific knowledge claims, whereas methodological iteration refers to an interplay between different modes of research practice. While distinct, these two forms of iteration are related in important ways. Contemporary research on (...)
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  28.  20
    Business Ethics Perspectives: Faculty Plagiarism and Fraud. [REVIEW]Teressa L. Elliott, Linda M. Marquis & Catherine S. Neal - 2013 - Journal of Business Ethics 112 (1):91-99.
    Faculty plagiarism and fraud are widely documented occurrences but little analysis has been conducted. This article addresses the question of why faculty plagiarism and fraud occurs and suggests approaches on how to develop an environment where faculty misconduct is socially inappropriate. The authors review relevant literature, primarily in business ethics and student cheating, developing action steps that could be applied to higher education. Based upon research in these areas, the authors posit some actions that would be appropriate in higher education (...)
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  29.  20
    Curing the Disobedient Patient: Medication Adherence Programs as Pharmaceutical Marketing Tools.Matt Lamkin & Carl Elliott - 2014 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 42 (4):492-500.
    Pharmaceutical companies have long focused their marketing strategies on getting doctors to write more prescriptions. But they lose billions in potential sales when patients do not take their prescribed drugs. Getting patients to “adhere” to drug therapies that have unpleasant side effects and questionable efficacy requires more than mere ad campaigns urging patients to talk to their doctors. It requires changing patients' beliefs and attitudes about their medications through repeated contact from people patients trust. Since patients do not trust drug (...)
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  30. Dolphins in Popular Literature and Media.Diana Reiss, Barbara Newman, Sarah Gruber, Paul Boyle, Katherine Lemcke, John Fraser, Jessica Sickler & Elizabeth Elliott - 2006 - Society and Animals 14 (4):321-349.
    This review of how dolphins are portrayed in popular media reveals four themes that may influence public acceptance of current scientific research into dolphin cognition. These themes are: dolphin as peer to humans, of equal intelligence or at least capable of communicating with or helping humans; the dolphin as the representation of a romantic notion of ideal freedom in nature, embodying principles of peace, harmony or love; the dolphin as a naïve, innocent being that is subordinate and in need of (...)
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  31.  32
    Error as Means to Discovery.Kevin Elliott - 2004 - Philosophy of Science 71 (2):174-197.
    This paper argues, first, that recent studies of experimentation, most notably by Deborah Mayo, provide the conceptual resources to describe scientific discovery's early stages as error-probing processes. Second, it shows that this description yields greater understanding of those early stages, including the challenges that they pose, the research strategies associated with them, and their influence on the rest of the discovery process. Throughout, the paper examines the phenomenon of "chemical hormesis" (i.e., anomalous low-dose effects from toxic chemicals) as a case (...)
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  32.  50
    Moral Agency and the Family: The Case of Living Related Organ Transplantation.Robert A. Crouch & Carl Elliott - 1999 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 8 (3):275-287.
    Living related organ transplantation is morally problematic for two reasons. First, it requires surgeons to perform nontherapeutic, even dangerous procedures on healthy donors—and in the case of children, without their consent. Second, the transplant donor and recipient are often intimately related to each other, as parent and child, or as siblings. These relationships challenge our conventional models of medical decisionmaking. Is there anything morally problematic about a parent allowing the interests of one child to be risked for the sake of (...)
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  33.  44
    Ghost Marketing: Pharmaceutical Companies and Ghostwritten Journal Articles.Barton Moffatt & Carl Elliott - 2007 - Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 50 (1):18-31.
  34.  21
    Pharma Goes to the Laundry: Public Relations and the Business of Medical Education.Carl Elliott - 2004 - Hastings Center Report 34 (5):18.
  35. Public Consciousness, Political Conscience, and Memory in Latin America Nueva Cancion.Richard Elliott - 2011 - In David Clarke & Eric F. Clarke (eds.), Music and Consciousness: Philosophical, Psychological, and Cultural Perspectives. Oxford University Press. pp. 327.
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  36. The Biblical Manuscripts of the John Rylands University Library of Manchester.J. Keith Elliott - 1999 - Bulletin of the John Rylands Library 81 (2):3-50.
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  37.  12
    Throwing a Bone to the Watchdog.Carl Elliott - 2001 - Hastings Center Report 31 (2):9-12.
  38.  13
    [Book Review] a Philosophical Disease, Bioethics, Culture, and Identity. [REVIEW]Carl Elliott - 1999 - Hastings Center Report 29 (5):43.
  39.  31
    Financial Conflicts of Interest and Criteria for Research Credibility.Kevin C. Elliott - 2014 - Erkenntnis 79 (S5):917-937.
    The potential for financial conflicts of interest (COIs) to damage the credibility of scientific research has become a significant social concern, especially in the wake of high-profile incidents involving the pharmaceutical, tobacco, fossil-fuel, and chemical industries. Scientists and policy makers have debated whether the presence of financial COIs should count as a reason for treating research with suspicion or whether research should instead be evaluated solely based on its scientific quality. This paper examines a recent proposal to develop criteria for (...)
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  40.  25
    Anthropocentric Indirect Arguments for Environmental Protection.Kevin C. Elliott - 2014 - Ethics, Policy and Environment 17 (3):243-260.
    Environmental ethicists have devoted considerable attention to discussing whether anthropocentric or nonanthropocentric arguments provide more appropriate means for defending environmental protection. This paper argues that philosophers, scientists, and policy makers should pay more attention to a particular type of anthropocentric argument. These anthropocentric indirect arguments defend actions or policies that benefit the environment, but they justify the policies based on beneficial effects on humans that are not caused by their environmental benefits. AIAs appear to have numerous appealing characteristics, and their (...)
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  41.  12
    The Experiences of Ethics Committee Members: Contradictions Between Individuals and Committees.L. Elliott & D. Hunter - 2008 - Journal of Medical Ethics 34 (6):489-494.
    The current system of ethical review for medical research in the United Kingdom is changing from the current system involving large committees of 7–18 members reviewing every individual application to a system involving pre-review by small sub-committees of National Research Ethics Officers , who have a remit to approve studies if they believe there are no material ethical issues imposed by the research. The reliability of this new system depends on the reliability of the NREAs and in particular the ability (...)
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  42. Mental Illness and its Limits.Carl Elliott - 2004 - In Jennifer Radden (ed.), The Philosophy of Psychiatry: A Companion. Oxford: Oxford University Press. pp. 426.
     
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  43.  25
    Justice for the Professional Guinea Pig.Trudo Lemmens & Carl Elliott - 2001 - American Journal of Bioethics 1 (2):51-53.
  44.  47
    From Genetic to Genomic Regulation: Iterativity in microRNA Research.Maureen A. O’Malley, Kevin C. Elliott & Richard M. Burian - 2010 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C 41 (4):407-417.
    The discovery and ongoing investigation of microRNAs suggest important conceptual and methodological lessons for philosophers and historians of biology. This paper provides an account of miRNA research and the shift from viewing these tiny regulatory entities as minor curiosities to seeing them as major players in the post-transcriptional regulation of genes. Conceptually, the study of miRNAs is part of a broader change in understandings of genetic regulation, in which simple switch-like mechanisms were reinterpreted as aspects of complex cellular and genome-wide (...)
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  45.  30
    All is Not Relative: Essential Shared Values and the Press.Deni Elliott - 1988 - Journal of Mass Media Ethics 3 (1):28 – 32.
    Reporters and editors share values. If there were no shared values essential to the practice of journalism, it would be impossible to distinguish a journalist from other mass communicators. The set of journalistic values provides the base for an argument that journalists are pluralists, not relativists.
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  46.  75
    Doing Harm: Living Organ Donors, Clinical Research and The Tenth Man.C. Elliott - 1995 - Journal of Medical Ethics 21 (2):91-96.
    This paper examines the ethical difficulties of organ donation from living donors and the problem of causing harm to patients or research subjects at their request. Graham Greene explored morally similar questions in his novella, The Tenth Man.
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  47. Does Dyslexia Exist?Julian G. Elliott & Simon Gibbs - 2008 - Journal of Philosophy of Education 42 (3-4):475-491.
    In this paper we argue that attempts to distinguish between categories of 'dyslexia' and 'poor reader' or 'reading disabled' are scientifically unsupportable, arbitrary and thus potentially discriminatory. We do not seek to veto scientific curiosity in examining underlying factors in reading disability, for seeking greater understanding of the relationship between visual symbols and spoken language is crucial. However, while stressing the potential of genetics and neuroscience for guiding assessment and educational practice at some stage in the future, we argue that (...)
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  48. Can Moral Principles Explain Supervenience?Aaron Elliott - 2014 - Res Philosophica 91 (4):629-659.
    The distribution of moral properties supervenes on the distribution of natural properties, and this provides a puzzle for non-naturalism: what could explain supervenience if moral properties are not natural properties? Enoch claims moral principles explain supervenience. But this solution is incomplete without an account of what moral principles and properties are, and what relation holds between them. This paper begins to develop such an account by exploring analogous issues for Realism about Laws of nature in philosophy of science. Appealing to (...)
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  49.  21
    Educational Research as a Form of Democratic Rationality.John Elliott - 2006 - Journal of Philosophy of Education 40 (2):169–185.
  50.  27
    The Soul of a New Machine: Bioethicists in the Bureaucracy.Carl Elliott - 2005 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 14 (4):379-384.
    In a recent issue of The Lancet, the historian Roger Cooter predicted that the field of bioethics will soon die of self-inflicted wounds. “Conspiring against it,” he wrote, “is exposure of the funding of some of its US centres by pharmaceutical companies; exclusion of alternative perspectives from the social sciences; retention of narrow analytical notions of ethics in the face of popular expression and academic respect for the place of emotions; divisions within the discipline ; and collusion with, and appropriation (...)
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