Results for 'Elmar Geir Unnsteinsson'

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Elmar Unnsteinsson
University College Dublin
  1. Compositionality and Sandbag Semantics.Elmar Geir Unnsteinsson - 2014 - Synthese 191 (14):3329-3350.
    It is a common view that radical contextualism about linguistic meaning is incompatible with a compositional explanation of linguistic comprehension. Recently, some philosophers of language have proposed theories of 'pragmatic' compositionality challenging this assumption. This paper takes a close look at a prominent proposal of this kind due to François Recanati. The objective is to give a plausible formulation of the view. The major results are threefold. First, a basic distinction that contextualists make between mandatory and optional pragmatic processes needs (...)
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  2. Wittgenstein as a Gricean Intentionalist.Elmar Geir Unnsteinsson - 2016 - British Journal for the History of Philosophy 24 (1):155-172.
    According to the dominant view, the later Wittgenstein identified the meaning of an expression with its use in the language and vehemently rejected any kind of mentalism or intentionalism about linguistic meaning. I argue that the dominant view is wrong. The textual evidence, which has either been misunderstood or overlooked, indicates that at least since the Blue Book Wittgenstein thought speakers' intentions determine the contents of linguistic utterances. His remarks on use are only intended to emphasize the heterogeneity of natural (...)
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  3. The Edenic Theory of Reference.Elmar Unnsteinsson - 2019 - Inquiry: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Philosophy 62 (3):276-308.
    I argue for a theory of the optimal function of the speech act of referring, called the edenic theory. First, the act of singular reference is defined directly in terms of Gricean communicative intentions. Second, I propose a doxastic constraint on the optimal performance of such acts, stating, roughly, that the speaker must not have any relevant false beliefs about the identity or distinctness of the intended object. In uttering a singular term on an occasion, on this theory, one represents (...)
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  4. A Gricean Theory of Malaprops.Elmar Unnsteinsson - 2017 - Mind and Language 32 (4):446-462.
    Gricean intentionalists hold that what a speaker says and means by a linguistic utterance is determined by the speaker's communicative intention. On this view, one cannot really say anything without meaning it as well. Conventionalists argue, however, that malapropisms provide powerful counterexamples to this claim. I present two arguments against the conventionalist and sketch a new Gricean theory of speech errors, called the misarticulation theory. On this view, malapropisms are understood as a special case of mispronunciation. I argue that the (...)
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  5. Frege’s Puzzle is About Identity After All.Elmar Unnsteinsson - 2019 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 99 (3):628-643.
    Many philosophers have argued or taken for granted that Frege's puzzle has little or nothing to do with identity statements. I show that this is wrong, arguing that the puzzle can only be motivated relative to a thinker's beliefs about the identity or distinctness of the relevant object. The result is important, as it suggests that the puzzle can be solved, not by a semantic theory of names or referring expressions as such, but simply by a theory of identity statements. (...)
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  6. Referential Intentions: A Response to Buchanan and Peet.Elmar Unnsteinsson - 2018 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 96 (3):610-615.
    Buchanan (2014) argues for a Gricean solution to well-known counterexamples to direct reference theories of content. Peet (2016) develops a way to change the counterexample so that it seems to speak against Buchanan’s own proposal. I argue that both theorists fail to notice a significant distinction between the kinds of cases at issue. Those appearing to count against direct reference theory must be described such that speakers have false beliefs about the identity of the object to which they intend to (...)
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  7. Confusion is Corruptive Belief in False Identity.Elmar Unnsteinsson - 2016 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy 46 (2):204-227.
    Speakers are confused about identity if they mistake one thing for two or two things for one. I present two plausible models of confusion, the Frege model and the Millikan model. I show how a prominent objection to Fregean models fails and argue that confusion consists in having false implicit beliefs involving the identity relation. Further, I argue that confused identity has characteristic corruptive effects on singular cognition and on the proper function of singular terms in linguistic communication.
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  8. Silencing Without Convention.Elmar Unnsteinsson - 2019 - Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 100 (2):573-598.
    Silencing is usually explained in terms of conventionalism about the nature of speech acts. More recently, theorists have tried to develop intentionalist theories of the phenomenon. I argue, however, that if intentionalists are to accommodate the conventionalists' main insight, namely that silencing can be so extreme as to render certain types of speech act completely unavailable to victims, they must take two assumptions on board. First, it must be possible that speakers' communicative intentions are opaque to the speakers themselves. Secondly, (...)
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  9. Saying Without Knowing What or How.Elmar Unnsteinsson - 2017 - Croatian Journal of Philosophy 17 (3):351-382.
    In response to Stephen Neale (2016), I argue that aphonic expressions, such as PRO, are intentionally uttered by normal speakers of natural language, either by acts of omitting to say something explicitly, or by acts of giving phonetic realization to aphonics. I argue, also, that Gricean intention-based semantics should seek divorce from Cartesian assumptions of transparent access to propositional attitudes and, consequently, that Stephen Schiffer's so-called meaning-intention problem is not powerful enough to banish alleged cases of over-intellectualization in contemporary philosophy (...)
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  10.  60
    Compositionality and Expressive Power: Comments on Pietroski.Elmar Unnsteinsson - 2020 - Croatian Journal of Philosophy 20 (3):295-310.
    Paul Pietroski has developed a powerful minimalist and internalist alternative to standard compositional semantics, where meanings are identified with instructions to fetch or assemble human concepts in specific ways. In particular, there appears to be no need for Fregean Function Application, as natural language composition only involves processes of combining monadic or dyadic concepts, and Pietroski’s theory can then, allegedly, avoid both singular reference and truth conditions. He also has a negative agenda, purporting to show, roughly, that the vocabulary of (...)
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  11. Meanings as Species. [REVIEW]Elmar Unnsteinsson - forthcoming - Mind:fzaa003.
    Meanings as Species, by RichardMark. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2019. Pp. vii + 212.
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  12.  57
    Representation Without Thought: Confusion, Reference, and Communication.Elmar Unnsteinsson - 2015 - Dissertation, CUNY Graduate Center
    I develop and argue for a novel theory of the mental state of identity confusion. I also argue that this mental state can corrupt the proper function of singular terms in linguistic communication. Finally, I propose a theory according to which identity confusion should be treated as a the source of a new sort of linguistic performance error, similar to malapropism, slips of the tongue, and so-called intentional obfuscation (inducing false belief by manipulating language in specific ways). -/- Going into (...)
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  13.  13
    Talking About: An Intentionalist Theory of Reference.Elmar Unnsteinsson - forthcoming - Oxford: Oxford University Press.
    I develop and argue for a new intentionalist theory of the speech act of singular reference. Specifically, I propose a Gricean theory of pragmatic competence within which referential competence can be identified and explained. I argue that combining insights from theories of mechanistic explanation in cognitive science and intentionalist theories of speech acts affords a completely new perspective on old questions about reference and speaker meaning. The resulting theory is called edenic intentionalism and it is based on the idea that (...)
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  14. Wittgenstein’s Influence on Austin’s Philosophy of Language.Daniel W. Harris & Elmar Unnsteinsson - 2018 - British Journal for the History of Philosophy 26 (2):371-395.
    Many philosophers have assumed, without argument, that Wittgenstein influenced Austin. More often, however, this is vehemently denied, especially by those who knew Austin personally. We compile and assess the currently available evidence for Wittgenstein’s influence on Austin’s philosophy of language. Surprisingly, this has not been done before in any detail. On the basis of both textual and circumstantial evidence we show that Austin’s work demonstrates substantial engagement with Wittgenstein’s later philosophy. In particular, Austin’s 1940 paper, ‘The Meaning of a Word’, (...)
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  15.  32
    Critical Realist Critical Discourse Analysis: A Necessary Alternative to Post-Marxist Discourse Theory.Elmar Flatschart - 2016 - Journal of Critical Realism 15 (1):21-52.
    This article discusses the metatheoretical foundations of a critical realist approach to critical discourse analysis and counterposes them to insufficiently realist tendencies in Norman Fairclough's critical discourse analysis, on the one hand, and anti-realist post-Marxist discourse theory on the other. The first section argues that Fairclough's approach is progressive in many ways, but lacks metatheoretical rigour with respect to important demarcation problems. These mainly concern CDA's understanding of discourse as mediating entity, its underlying dialectical-relational approach and overarching concept of social (...)
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  16. Thinking in Transition: Nishida Kitaro and Martin Heidegger.Elmar Weinmayr, tr Krummel, John W. M. & Douglas Ltr Berger - 2005 - Philosophy East and West 55 (2):232-256.
    : Two major philosophers of the twentieth century, the German existential phenomenologist Martin Heidegger and the seminal Japanese Kyoto School philosopher Nishida Kitarō are examined here in an attempt to discern to what extent their ideas may converge. Both are viewed as expressing, each through the lens of his own tradition, a world in transition with the rise of modernity in the West and its subsequent globalization. The popularity of Heidegger's thought among Japanese philosophers, despite its own admitted limitation to (...)
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  17.  32
    'Paradoxical' Mood Effects on Creative Problem-Solving.Geir Kaufmann SuzanneKVosburg - 1997 - Cognition and Emotion 11 (2):151-170.
  18.  21
    Quantified Modal Logic with Neighborhood Semantics.Geir Waagbø & G. Waagbø - 1992 - Mathematical Logic Quarterly 38 (1):491-499.
    The paper presents a semantics for quantified modal logic which has a weaker axiomatization than the usual Kripke semantics. In particular, the Barcan Formula and its converse are not valid with the proposed semantics. Subclasses of models which validate BF and other interesting formulas are presented. A completeness theorem is proved, and the relation between this result and completeness with respect to Kripke models is investigated.
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  19.  33
    Quantified Modal Logic with Neighborhood Semantics.Geir Waagbø & G. Waagbø - 1992 - Zeitschrift fur mathematische Logik und Grundlagen der Mathematik 38 (1):491-499.
  20.  29
    Elmar Holenstein, Phänomenologie der Assoziation: Zu Struktur Und Funktion Eines Grundprinzips der Passiven Genesis Bei E. Husserl. [REVIEW]Philip J. Bossert - 1974 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 35 (1):138.
  21.  16
    Denotational Semantics for Intuitionistic Type Theory Using a Hierarchy of Domains with Totality.Geir Waagbø - 1999 - Archive for Mathematical Logic 38 (1):19-60.
    A modified version of Normann's hierarchy of domains with totality [9] is presented and is shown to be suitable for interpretation of Martin-Löf's intuitionistic type theory. This gives an interpretation within classical set theory, which is natural in the sense that $\Sigma$ -types are interpreted as sets of pairs and $\Pi$ -types as sets of choice functions. The hierarchy admits a natural definition of the total objects in the domains, and following an idea of Berger [3] this makes possible an (...)
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  22.  17
    8 Malebranche on Human Freedom.Elmar J. Kremer - 2000 - In Steven M. Nadler (ed.), The Cambridge Companion to Malebranche. Cambridge University Press. pp. 190.
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  23.  73
    Psychological Hedonism and the Nature of Motivation: Bertrand Russell's Anhedonic Desires.Geir Overskeid - 2002 - Philosophical Psychology 15 (1):77 – 93.
    Understanding the causes of behavior is one of philosophy's oldest challenges. In analyzing human desires, Bertrand Russell's position was clearly related to that of psychological hedonism. Still, though he seems to have held quite consistently that desires and emotions govern human behavior, he claimed that they do not necessarily do so by making us want to maximize pleasure. This claim is related to several being made in today's psychology and philosophy. I point out a string of facts and arguments indicating (...)
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  24.  27
    Relocating Respect and Tolerance: A Practice Approach in Empirical Philosophy.Trine Anker & Geir Afdal - 2018 - Journal of Moral Education 47 (1):48-62.
    Respect and tolerance are key values in education. They are also among the aims of education and are brought to the foreground in educational policy. We argue that these values are neither philosophically nor politically given aims for which education is a means. Instead, respect and tolerance are enacted and negotiated through educational practices. We emphasize that respect and tolerance should be empirically and critically studied in educational practices. The discussion is based in two previous research projects and the material (...)
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  25.  3
    Interpreting Arnauld.Elmar J. Kremer - 1996
    "Antoine Arnauld was an influential theologian and philosopher widely known as the leader of the seventeenth-century Jansenist movement and as the author of the Fourth Objections to Descartes's Meditations. This collection of essays examines the relationship between philosophy and theology in Arnauld's thought, as well as his contribution to the development of Cartesianism and his role in the continuation of medieval disputes in the seventeenth century." "What emerges in the essays is the essential unity of Arnauld's thought. Arnauld is revealed (...)
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  26.  22
    Thinking is a Difficult Habit to Break.Geir Overskeid - 1995 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 18 (1):138-139.
    Self-control is in the eye of the beholder. However, we speak of if a person has come to think conscious thoughts that change the motivational value of stimuli in the outside world. It is claimed that conscious thinking, and not habits bordering on compulsion, is behind self-control.
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  27.  7
    The Intuitive Mind.Geir Overskeid - 1994 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 17 (3):414-414.
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  28.  7
    Vom Menschenbild des Christentums zum sozialen Humanismus: Die ökumenische Alternative zur Auflösung der Sozialethik.Elmar Nass - 2012 - Zeitschrift Für Evangelische Ethik 56 (2):90-102.
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  29.  49
    Transformative Critique: What Confucianism Can Contribute to Contemporary Education.Geir Sigurðsson - 2017 - Studies in Philosophy and Education 36 (2):131-146.
    Critical thinking is currently much celebrated in the contemporary West and beyond, not least in higher education. Tertiary education students are generally expected to adopt a critical attitude in order to become responsible and constructive participants in the development of modern democratic society. Currently, the perceived desirability of critical thinking has even made it into a seemingly successful marketable commodity. A brief online search yields a vast number of books that are mostly presented as self-help manuals to enable readers to (...)
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  30. Sprachliche Universalien Eine Untersuchung Zur Natur des Menschlichen Geistes.Elmar Holenstein - 1985
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  31.  1
    Entstellung: Die Metaphysik Im Denken Martin Heideggers : Mit Einem Blick Nach Japan.Elmar Weinmayr - 1991
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  32.  18
    Antoine Arnauld.Elmar Kremer - 2008 - Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
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  33.  35
    Making Sense of Stories: The Use of Patient Narratives Within Mental Health Care Research: Dialogue.Geir F. Lorem - 2008 - Nursing Philosophy 9 (1):62-71.
  34.  9
    Leibniz and the “Disciples of Saint Augustine” on the Fate of Infants Who Die Unbaptized.Elmar J. Kremer - 2001 - In Elmar J. Kremer & Michael J. Latzer (eds.), The Problem of Evil in Early Modern Philosophy. Toronto: University of Toronto Press. pp. 119-137.
  35.  12
    Intuitive Choices Lead to Intensified Positive Emotions: An Overlooked Reason for “Intuition Bias”?Geir Kirkebøen & Gro H. H. Nordbye - 2017 - Frontiers in Psychology 8.
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  36.  25
    Die eigenartige Grammatik des Wortes 'Ich'.Elmar Holenstein - 1982 - Zeitschrift für Philosophische Forschung 36 (3):327 - 343.
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  37. The Problem of Evil in Early Modern Philosophy.Elmar J. Kremer & Michael J. Latzer - 2002 - British Journal for the History of Philosophy 10 (3).
    Many distinct, controvertial issues are to be found within the labyrinthine\ntwists and turns of the problem of evil. For philosophers of the\nseventeenth and early eighteenth centures, evil presented a challenge\nto the consistency and rationality of the world-picture disclosed\nby the new way of ideas. In dealing with this challenge, however,\nphilosophers were also concerned with their positions in the theological\ndebates about original sin, free will, and justification that were\nthe legacy of the Protestant Reformation to European intellectual\nlife. Emerging from a conference on the (...)
     
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  38.  26
    Passive Genesis. Eine begriffsanalytische Studie.Elmar Holenstein - 1971 - Tijdschrift Voor Filosofie 33 (1):112-153.
  39.  28
    Jakobson und Husserl: Ein beitrag zur genealogie Des strukturalismus.Elmar Holenstein - 1973 - Tijdschrift Voor Filosofie 35 (3):560 - 607.
    The influence of Husserl on the Russian Formalism and the Structuralism of the Prague School of Linguistics is especially manifest in the work of Jakobson. A direct literary dependence is traceable in the so-called „antipsychological” tendency, in the program of a Universal Grammar and in several questions of the theory of meaning. Objective points of contact can be found in the theses of the intersubjective and the associative constitution of objects, but also concerning the central topics of Husserlian phenomenology, the (...)
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  40.  6
    Don’T Turn Blind! The Relationship Between Exploration Before Ball Possession and On-Ball Performance in Association Football.Thomas B. McGuckian, Michael H. Cole, Geir Jordet, Daniel Chalkley & Gert-Jan Pepping - 2018 - Frontiers in Psychology 9.
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  41. Evaluating Intergenerational Risks.Geir B. Asheim & Stéphane Zuber - 2016 - Journal of Mathematical Economics 65:104--117.
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  42. Geir/Madland.Charlotte Feinmann - 2000 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 4 (8):325.
     
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  43.  56
    A Letter From Norway.Geir Hasnes - 1983 - The Chesterton Review 9 (1):87-89.
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  44.  40
    A New Chesterton Bibliography.Geir Hasnes - 1989 - The Chesterton Review 15 (3):426-427.
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  45.  10
    Chesterton and the National Portrait Gallery Postcards.Geir Hasnes - 2020 - The Chesterton Review 46 (1):87-111.
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  46.  37
    Three Chesterton Pamphlets and a Poem Have Recently Been Found.Geir Hasnes - 1990 - The Chesterton Review 16 (2):124-124.
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  47.  10
    The Mystery of The Turkey and the Turk.Geir Hasnes - 2019 - The Chesterton Review 45 (1):83-95.
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  48.  14
    Writing Chesterton’s Bibliography.Geir Hasnes - 2019 - The Chesterton Review 45 (3):381-388.
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  49.  12
    By Airship to the North Pole: An Archaeology of Human Exploration. P.J. Capelotti.Geir Hestmark - 2001 - Isis 92 (1):221-222.
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  50.  8
    The Centennial of S. A. Andree's North Pole Expedition. Urban Wrakberg.Geir Hestmark - 2000 - Isis 91 (4):805-806.
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