Results for 'Elmar Sveda'

222 found
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  1. Argumentation at the Century's Turn [CD-ROM].Christopher W. Tindale, Hans V. Hansen & Elmar Sveda (eds.) - 2000 - Ontario Society for the Study of Argumentation.
     
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  2. Talking About: A Response to Bowker, Keiser, Michaelson.Elmar Unnsteinsson - forthcoming - Inquiry: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Philosophy.
    I respond to comments from Mark Bowker, Jessica Keiser, and Eliot Michaelson on my book, Talking About. The response clarifies my stance on the nature of reference, conflicting intentions, and the sense in which language may have proper functions.
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  3.  8
    Kollokationen: theoretische, forschungspraktische und fremdsprachendidaktische Überlegungen / Elmar Schafroth, Fabio Mollica, Carmen Mellado Blanco (Hrsg.).Elmar Schafroth (ed.) - 2020 - Berlin: Peter Lang.
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  4.  97
    Talking About: An Intentionalist Theory of Reference.Elmar Unnsteinsson - 2022 - Oxford: Oxford University Press.
    Combining new insights from cognitive science and speech act theory, Unnsteinsson develops a compelling theory of singular reference which avoids well-known puzzles. The theory, Edenic intentionalism, is grounded in a mechanistic perspective on explanation in cognitive science and a new Gricean account of speaker meaning and speaker reference.
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  5. Referential Intentions: A Response to Buchanan and Peet.Elmar Unnsteinsson - 2018 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 96 (3):610-615.
    Buchanan (2014) argues for a Gricean solution to well-known counterexamples to direct reference theories of content. Peet (2016) develops a way to change the counterexample so that it seems to speak against Buchanan’s own proposal. I argue that both theorists fail to notice a significant distinction between the kinds of cases at issue. Those appearing to count against direct reference theory must be described such that speakers have false beliefs about the identity of the object to which they intend to (...)
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  6. The Social Epistemology of Introspection.Elmar Unnsteinsson - 2023 - Mind and Language 38 (3):925-942.
    I argue that introspection recruits the same mental mechanism as that which is required for the production of ordinary speech acts. In introspection, in effect, we intentionally tell ourselves that we are in some mental state, aiming thereby to produce belief about that state in ourselves. On one popular view of speech acts, however, this is precisely what speakers do when speaking to others. On this basis, I argue that every bias discovered by social epistemology applies to introspection and other (...)
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  7. Thinking in transition: Nishida Kitaro and Martin Heidegger.Elmar Weinmayr, tr Krummel, John W. M. & Douglas Ltr Berger - 2005 - Philosophy East and West 55 (2):232-256.
    : Two major philosophers of the twentieth century, the German existential phenomenologist Martin Heidegger and the seminal Japanese Kyoto School philosopher Nishida Kitarō are examined here in an attempt to discern to what extent their ideas may converge. Both are viewed as expressing, each through the lens of his own tradition, a world in transition with the rise of modernity in the West and its subsequent globalization. The popularity of Heidegger's thought among Japanese philosophers, despite its own admitted limitation to (...)
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  8. Authentic Speech and Insincerity.Elmar Unnsteinsson - 2023 - Journal of Philosophy 120 (10):550-576.
    Many theorists assume that a request is sincere if the speaker wants the addressee to perform the act requested. I argue that this assumption predicts an implausible mismatch between sincere assertions and sincere directives and needs to be revised. I present an alternative view, according to which directive utterances can only be sincere if they are self-directed. Other-directed directives, however, can be genuine or fake, depending on whether the speaker wants the addressee to perform the act in question. Finally, I (...)
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  9.  11
    Good medical research — the view of the CDBI/Council of Europe.Elmar Doppelfeld - 2002 - Science and Engineering Ethics 8 (3):283-286.
    Medical research aims to achieve a better scientific understanding of health and disease. It is firstly undertaken for the improvement of medical care in general, not excluding a potential direct benefit for participants undergoing such research. There is a traditional conflict between the fundamental rights and the dignity of those participating individuals and the interests of science, researchers and even the society. The Convention of Human Rights and Biomedicine of the Council of Europe is a new legally binding instrument for (...)
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  10.  35
    Everyday Life and the State, Peter Bratsis, Boulder: Paradigm Publishers, 2006.Elmar Flatschart - 2012 - Historical Materialism 20 (3):201-212.
    The present review essay discusses Peter Bratsis’s work Everyday Life and the State. It is argued that Bratsis produces a sound contribution to the on-going debate on state theory, which has its particular strengths in the innovative treatment of the public-private divide and an elaborate critique of fetishistic and ideological relations in the field of the political. In this, Bratsis builds on a broad range of structuralist, poststructuralist and dialectical positions. Deficiencies of his work are likewise to be found in (...)
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  11. Leibliche identität christlichen Gut-Seins versus Genderperspektive : Phänomenologische Essentialisierung einer sozialethischen Diskussion.Elmar Nass - 2018 - In Guido Meyer, Marco A. Sorace, Clara Vasseur & Johannes Bündgens (eds.), Identitätsbildung: Spiritualität der Wahrnehmung und die Krise der Moderne. Freiburg: Verlag Karl Alber, in der Verlag Herder.
     
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  12. Der Psychiatriefilm zwischen Freiheit der Kunst und gesellschaftlicher Verantwortung.Elmar Waibl - 2007 - In Klaus Dethloff & Peter Kampits (eds.), Humane Existenz: Reflexionen zur Ethik in einer pluralistischen Gesellschaft. Berlin: Parerga.
     
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  13.  9
    German dictionary of philosophical terms =.Elmar Waibl - 1997 - New York: Routledge. Edited by Philip Herdina.
    Available on its own, or as part of a two-volume set, this German-English dictionary is the first comprehensive work in the field and an indispensible companion for students, academics, translators and linguists concerned with almost any area of philosophy.
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  14. The edenic theory of reference.Elmar Unnsteinsson - 2019 - Inquiry: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Philosophy 62 (3):276-308.
    I argue for a theory of the optimal function of the speech act of referring, called the edenic theory. First, the act of singular reference is defined directly in terms of Gricean communicative intentions. Second, I propose a doxastic constraint on the optimal performance of such acts, stating, roughly, that the speaker must not have any relevant false beliefs about the identity or distinctness of the intended object. In uttering a singular term on an occasion, on this theory, one represents (...)
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  15. Frege’s puzzle is about identity after all.Elmar Unnsteinsson - 2019 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 99 (3):628-643.
    Many philosophers have argued or taken for granted that Frege's puzzle has little or nothing to do with identity statements. I show that this is wrong, arguing that the puzzle can only be motivated relative to a thinker's beliefs about the identity or distinctness of the relevant object. The result is important, as it suggests that the puzzle can be solved, not by a semantic theory of names or referring expressions as such, but simply by a theory of identity statements. (...)
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  16.  56
    Critical realist critical discourse analysis: A necessary alternative to post-marxist discourse theory.Elmar Flatschart - 2016 - Journal of Critical Realism 15 (1):21-52.
    This article discusses the metatheoretical foundations of a critical realist approach to critical discourse analysis and counterposes them to insufficiently realist tendencies in Norman Fairclough's critical discourse analysis, on the one hand, and anti-realist post-Marxist discourse theory on the other. The first section argues that Fairclough's approach is progressive in many ways, but lacks metatheoretical rigour with respect to important demarcation problems. These mainly concern CDA's understanding of discourse as mediating entity, its underlying dialectical-relational approach and overarching concept of social (...)
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  17. A Gricean Theory of Malaprops.Elmar Unnsteinsson - 2017 - Mind and Language 32 (4):446-462.
    Gricean intentionalists hold that what a speaker says and means by a linguistic utterance is determined by the speaker's communicative intention. On this view, one cannot really say anything without meaning it as well. Conventionalists argue, however, that malapropisms provide powerful counterexamples to this claim. I present two arguments against the conventionalist and sketch a new Gricean theory of speech errors, called the misarticulation theory. On this view, malapropisms are understood as a special case of mispronunciation. I argue that the (...)
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  18. How to Express Implicit Attitudes.Elmar Unnsteinsson - 2024 - Philosophical Quarterly 74 (1):251-272.
    I argue that what speakers mean or express can be determined by their implicit or unconscious states, rather than explicit or conscious states. Further, on this basis, I show that the sincerity conditions for utterances can also be fixed by implicit states. This is a surprising result which goes against common assumptions about speech acts and sincerity. Roughly, I argue that the result is implied by two plausible and independent theories of the metaphysics of speaker meaning and, further, that this (...)
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  19. Compositionality and Sandbag Semantics.Elmar Geir Unnsteinsson - 2014 - Synthese 191 (14):3329-3350.
    It is a common view that radical contextualism about linguistic meaning is incompatible with a compositional explanation of linguistic comprehension. Recently, some philosophers of language have proposed theories of 'pragmatic' compositionality challenging this assumption. This paper takes a close look at a prominent proposal of this kind due to François Recanati. The objective is to give a plausible formulation of the view. The major results are threefold. First, a basic distinction that contextualists make between mandatory and optional pragmatic processes needs (...)
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  20. Silencing without Convention.Elmar Unnsteinsson - 2019 - Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 100 (2):573-598.
    Silencing is usually explained in terms of conventionalism about the nature of speech acts. More recently, theorists have tried to develop intentionalist theories of the phenomenon. I argue, however, that if intentionalists are to accommodate the conventionalists' main insight, namely that silencing can be so extreme as to render certain types of speech act completely unavailable to victims, they must take two assumptions on board. First, it must be possible that speakers' communicative intentions are opaque to the speakers themselves. Secondly, (...)
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  21.  2
    Menschliches Selbstverständnis: Ichbewusstsein, intersubjektive Verantwortung, interkulturelle Verständigung.Elmar Holenstein - 1985 - Frankfurt am Main: Suhrkamp.
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  22.  18
    Leibniz and the “Disciples of Saint Augustine” on the Fate of Infants Who Die Unbaptized.Elmar J. Kremer - 2001 - In Michael J. Latzer & Elmar J. Kremer (eds.), The Problem of Evil in Early Modern Philosophy. University of Toronto Press. pp. 119-137.
  23. Confusion is Corruptive Belief in False Identity.Elmar Unnsteinsson - 2016 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy 46 (2):204-227.
    Speakers are confused about identity if they mistake one thing for two or two things for one. I present two plausible models of confusion, the Frege model and the Millikan model. I show how a prominent objection to Fregean models fails and argue that confusion consists in having false implicit beliefs involving the identity relation. Further, I argue that confused identity has characteristic corruptive effects on singular cognition and on the proper function of singular terms in linguistic communication.
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  24. Wittgenstein as a Gricean Intentionalist.Elmar Geir Unnsteinsson - 2016 - British Journal for the History of Philosophy 24 (1):155-172.
    According to the dominant view, the later Wittgenstein identified the meaning of an expression with its use in the language and vehemently rejected any kind of mentalism or intentionalism about linguistic meaning. I argue that the dominant view is wrong. The textual evidence, which has either been misunderstood or overlooked, indicates that at least since the Blue Book Wittgenstein thought speakers' intentions determine the contents of linguistic utterances. His remarks on use are only intended to emphasize the heterogeneity of natural (...)
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  25.  17
    Antoine Arnauld.Elmar J. Kremer - 2002 - In Steven M. Nadler (ed.), A Companion to Early Modern Philosophy. Malden, Mass.: Wiley-Blackwell. pp. 113–128.
    This chapter contains section titled: The Life of Arnauld Four Basic Philosophical Themes Arnauld and Descartes Arnauld and Malebranche Arnauld and Leibniz Arnauld's Philosophical Legacy.
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  26.  45
    Roman Jakobson's Approach to Language: Phenomenological Structuralism.Elmar Holenstein - 1976
  27. pt. 3. Medical research. Appropriate regulations for different types of medical research.Elmar Doppelfeld - 2010 - In André den Exter (ed.), Human rights and biomedicine. Portland: Maklu.
     
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  28. La svolta come processo e perno del pensiero.Osb Elmar Salmann - 2014 - In Alfredo Simón (ed.), Conoscenza ed affectus in Anselmo d'Aosta: atti del simposio internazionale in occasione del 900° anniversario dalla morte di S. Anselmo d'Aosta, Facoltà di filosofia del Pontificio Ateneo di Sant'Anselmo di Roma, 21-22 aprile 2009. Roma: Pontificio Ateneo Sant'Anselmo.
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  29.  17
    Naturalisierungsaussichten in Psychologie und Epistemologie.Elmar Holenstein - 1991 - Zeitschrift für Philosophische Forschung 45 (3):329 - 346.
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  30.  7
    Phenomenological Perspectives: Historical and Systematic Essays in Honor of Herbert Spiegelberg, ed. by Phil Bossert.Elmar Holenstein - 1977 - Journal of the British Society for Phenomenology 8 (1):62-64.
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  31. William C. Starr and Richard C. Taylor, eds., Moral Philosophy: Historical and Contemporary Essays Reviewed by.Elmar J. Kremer - 1990 - Philosophy in Review 10 (5):207-209.
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  32. Aufbruch zu gemeinsamer Relevanz. Christlicher Humanismus als Grundlage einer ökumenischen Sozialethik.Elmar Nass - 2005 - Gregorianum 86 (1):28-44.
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  33.  5
    Der Mensch als Ziel der Wirtschaftsethik: eine finalethische Positionierung im Spannungsfeld zwischen Ethik und Ökonomik.Elmar Nass - 2003 - Paderborn: Schöningh.
  34.  20
    Martin Heimbucher/alfred Krabbe/martin Quilisch : Wie auch wir vergeben unseren Schuldnern … Geld – Glaube – Zukunft, Erkenntnis und Glaube. Schriften der Evangelischen Forschungsakademie Bd. 45, Leipzig: EVA 2014.Elmar Nass & Manuel Schmidt - 2016 - Zeitschrift Für Evangelische Ethik 60 (1):71-73.
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  35. The Great Arnauld and Some of His Philosophical Correspondents.Elmar J. Kremer - 1998 - Philosophical Quarterly 48 (191):261-263.
  36. Compositionality and Expressive Power: Comments on Pietroski.Elmar Unnsteinsson - 2020 - Croatian Journal of Philosophy 20 (3):295-310.
    Paul Pietroski has developed a powerful minimalist and internalist alternative to standard compositional semantics, where meanings are identified with instructions to fetch or assemble human concepts in specific ways. In particular, there appears to be no need for Fregean Function Application, as natural language composition only involves processes of combining monadic or dyadic concepts, and Pietroski’s theory can then, allegedly, avoid both singular reference and truth conditions. He also has a negative agenda, purporting to show, roughly, that the vocabulary of (...)
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  37.  6
    Der unheimlichste Gast: die Philosophie des Nihilismus.Elmar Dod - 2013 - Marburg: Tectum Verlag.
    NIHILISMUS ist seit Nietzsche das Schlüsselwort, das den Zugang zu unserer Epoche öffnen könnte. Doch wir haben ihn verschlossen, indem wir das Wort zum Unwort und Schmähwort erklären, obwohl der Nihilismus, dieser "unheimlichste Gast" schon längst in unserem Haus an unserem Tische sitzt. Wir selbst sind Nihilisten, obwohl wir den Nihilismus, kaum dass wir das Wort in den Mund genommen haben, schon überwinden möchten. Elmar Dod stellt sich in dieser philosophischen Studie dem Nihilismus, entwickelt ihn in seiner erregenden Bandbreite, (...)
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  38. Saying Without Knowing What or How.Elmar Unnsteinsson - 2017 - Croatian Journal of Philosophy 17 (3):351-382.
    In response to Stephen Neale (2016), I argue that aphonic expressions, such as PRO, are intentionally uttered by normal speakers of natural language, either by acts of omitting to say something explicitly, or by acts of giving phonetic realization to aphonics. I argue, also, that Gricean intention-based semantics should seek divorce from Cartesian assumptions of transparent access to propositional attitudes and, consequently, that Stephen Schiffer's so-called meaning-intention problem is not powerful enough to banish alleged cases of over-intellectualization in contemporary philosophy (...)
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  39.  7
    Bindung in familialer und öffentlicher Erziehung : zum Zusammenhang von psychischer Sicherheit, Explorationssicherheit und früher Bildung im geteilten Betreuungsfeld.Elmar Drieschner - 2010 - In Elmar Drieschner & Detlef Gaus (eds.), Liebe in Zeiten pädagogischer Professionalisierung. Wiesbaden: VS Verlag. pp. 105--156.
  40.  12
    Europe and Mankind. Husserl’s Biased Reflections on the Origin of Philosophy and Not Europeanized Civilizations.Elmar Holenstein - 2021 - Investigaciones Fenomenológicas 7:315.
    Nowhere does the theory-laden character of Husserl’s phenomenological intuitions become as apparent as in his reflections on cultural philosophy. It is his theory that the qualification of one‘s own tradition as one of many manifestations of something valid in itself and binding for all is a unique achievement of Greek-European philosophy. However, that conviction can be found equally in South Asian “doctrines of Oneness” as well as in East Asian instances of the “Golden Rule”. Every person with a command of (...)
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  41.  5
    Natürliche Grenzen der kulturellen Verschiedenheit.Elmar Holenstein - 2018 - In Sergej Seitz, Anke Graneß & Georg Stenger (eds.), Facetten Gegenwärtiger Bildtheorie: Interkulturelle Und Interdisziplinäre Perspektiven. Wiesbaden: Springer Fachmedien Wiesbaden. pp. 243-260.
    Nicht alles, was logisch möglich und technisch machbar ist, ist auch natürlich. Weltkarten sind ein anschauliches Beispiel. Es gibt amerikazentrierte und chinazentrierte Weltkarten, aber sie setzen sich nicht allgemein durch, auch in Amerika und China nicht. Auf amerikazentrierten Karten wird die größte Landmasse, der afroasiatische Kontinent, auseinandergerissen. Chinazentrierte Karten haben eine optische Aufteilung des amerikanischen Kontinents zur Folge. Das widerspricht dem Gestaltgesetz, dass, was zusammengehört, zusammenhängend wahrgenommen und am Natürlichsten auch so wiedergegeben wird. Afrika- alias europazentrierte und pazifikzentrierte Karten sind (...)
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  42.  3
    Natürliche und künstliche Kommunikationspartner.Elmar Holenstein - 1997 - In Christoph Hubig (ed.), Cognitio Humana - Dynamik des Wissens Und der Werte: Xvii. Deutscher Kongreß Für Philosophie Leipzig 23.–27. September 1996, Kongreßband: Vorträge Und Kolloquien. De Gruyter. pp. 315-322.
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  43.  2
    Universals of Knowledge – Contraints on Understanding?Elmar Holenstein - 1981 - In Herman Parret & Jacques Bouveresse (eds.), Meaning and understanding. New York: W. de Gruyter. pp. 171-183.
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  44.  9
    Über den begriff der trinitarischen substanz.Elmar Klinger - 1964 - Bijdragen 25 (1):64-83.
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  45. Wie die Ökonomie das Naturrecht entdeckt: Die christliche Alternative zu einer relativistischen Sozialpolitik.Elmar Nass - 2006 - Gregorianum 87 (3):557-579.
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  46.  23
    Why No Commerce with Kidneys? Michael Sandel's Suggestions and an Answer from Ethical Theory.Elmar Nass - 2015 - Heythrop Journal 56 (5):793-804.
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  47. Presenza e critica: sulle affinità elettive tra filosofia e mistica.Elmar Salmann - 1997 - In Elmar Salmann & Aniceto Molinaro (eds.), Filosofia e mistica: itinerari di un progetto di ricerca. Roma: Pontificio Ateneo S. Anselmo.
     
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  48.  4
    Alte Runen – Neue Runen.Elmar Seebold - 2013 - Frühmittelalterliche Studien 47 (1):1-6.
    Name der Zeitschrift: Frühmittelalterliche Studien Jahrgang: 47 Heft: 1 Seiten: 1-6.
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  49.  2
    Aspekte zu Epikur, Lukács, Habermas.Elmar Treptow - 1978 - München: Verlag Uni-Druck.
  50.  11
    Die Entfremdungstheorie bei Karl Marx: (unter bes. Berücks. d. Spätwerks).Elmar Treptow - 1978 - München: Verlag Uni-Druck.
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