24 found
Order:
See also
Elselijn Kingma
University of Southampton
  1.  87
    Neonatal Incubator or Artificial Womb? Distinguishing Ectogestation and Ectogenesis Using the Metaphysics of Pregnancy.Elselijn Kingma & Suki Finn - 2020 - Bioethics 34 (4):354-363.
    A 2017 Nature report was widely touted as hailing the arrival of the artificial womb. But the scientists involved claim their technology is merely an improvement in neonatal care. This raises an under-considered question: what differentiates neonatal incubation from artificial womb technology? Considering the nature of gestation—or metaphysics of pregnancy—(a) identifies more profound differences between fetuses and neonates/babies than their location (in or outside the maternal body) alone: fetuses and neonates have different physiological and physical characteristics; (b) characterizes birth as (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   4 citations  
  2. Were You a Part of Your Mother?Elselijn Kingma - 2019 - Mind 128 (511):609-646.
    Is the mammalian embryo/fetus a part of the organism that gestates it? According to the containment view, the fetus is not a part of, but merely contained within or surrounded by, the gestating organism. According to the parthood view, the fetus is a part of the gestating organism. This paper proceeds in two stages. First, I argue that the containment view is the received view; that it is generally assumed without good reason; and that it needs substantial support if it (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   8 citations  
  3. Paracetamol, Poison, and Polio: Why Boorse's Account of Function Fails to Distinguish Health and Disease.Elselijn Kingma - 2010 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 61 (2):241-264.
    Christopher Boorse's Bio Statistical Theory (BST) defines health as the absence of disease, and disease as the adverse departure from normal species functioning. This paper presents a two-pronged problem for this account. First I demonstrate that, in order to accurately account for dynamic physiological functions, Boorse's account of normal function needs to be modified to index functions against situations. I then demonstrate that if functions are indexed against situations, the BST can no longer account for diseases that result from specific (...)
    Direct download (10 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   53 citations  
  4. What is It to Be Healthy?Elselijn Kingma - 2007 - Analysis 67 (2):128–133.
    Direct download (9 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   52 citations  
  5.  81
    Naturalism About Health and Disease: Adding Nuance for Progress.Elselijn Kingma - 2014 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 39 (6):590-608.
    The literature on health and diseases is usually presented as an opposition between naturalism and normativism. This article argues that such a picture is too simplistic: there is not one opposition between naturalism and normativism, but many. I distinguish four different domains where naturalist and normativist claims can be contrasted: (1) ordinary usage, (2) conceptually clean versions of “health” and “disease,” (3) the operationalization of dysfunction, and (4) the justification for that operationalization. In the process I present new arguments in (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   24 citations  
  6. Lady Parts: The Metaphysics of Pregnancy.Elselijn Kingma - 2018 - Royal Institute of Philosophy Supplement 82:165-187.
    What is the metaphysical relationship between the fetus/embryo and the pregnant organism? In this paper I apply a substance metaphysics view developed by Barry Smith and Berit Brogaard to argue, on the basis of topological connectedness, that fetuses/embryos are Lady-Parts: part of the maternal organism up until birth. This leaves two options. Either mammalian organisms begin at birth, or we revise our conception of organisms such that mammalian organisms can be part of other mammals. The first option has some advantages: (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   5 citations  
  7.  13
    Nine Months.Elselijn Kingma - 2020 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 45 (3):371-386.
    When did we begin to exist? Barry Smith and Berit Brogaard argue that a new human organism comes into existence neither earlier nor later than the moment of gastrulation: 16 days after conception. Several critics have responded that the onset of the organism must happen earlier; closer to conception. This article makes a radically different claim: if we accept Smith and Brogaard’s ontological commitments, then human organisms start, on average, roughly nine months after conception. The main point of contention is (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  8.  72
    Situation-Specific Disease and Dispositional Function: Table 1.Elselijn Kingma - 2016 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 67 (2):391-404.
    In, I argued that Boorse's biostatistical theory of health is unable to accommodate diseases that are the normal result of harmful environments. Hausman disagrees: if the BST compares normal dispositional function against the whole population or reference class, rather than against organisms in similar circumstances as I proposed, then my challenge can be avoided. In this paper, I argue that Hausman's response fails: his proposal cannot accommodate a series of common physiological processes, such as sleep and those involved in reproduction. (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   9 citations  
  9. Reason and Value: Making Reasoning Fit for Practice.Michael Loughlin, Robyn Bluhm, Stephen Buetow, Ross E. G. Upshur, Maya J. Goldenberg, Kirstin Borgerson, Vikki Entwistle & Elselijn Kingma - 2012 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 18 (5):929-937.
    Editors' introduction to 3rd thematic issue on philosophy of medicine.
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   11 citations  
  10.  68
    Naturalist Accounts of Mental Disorder.Elselijn Kingma - 2013 - In K. . W. . M. Fulford (ed.), The Oxford Handbook of Philosophy and Psychiatry. Oxford University Press. pp. 363.
    This chapter examines naturalistic accounts of mental disorder: accounts that define disorder as biological dysfunction. There are three such accounts: an eliminativist account ; a forward-looking or goal-contribution account and a backward-looking or evolutionary account. I argue first, and contra Szasz, that biological functions can be attributed at a mental level. But our mental architecture might simultaneously support many different ways of attributing function claims, which might undermine a strong naturalism about mental disorder. Second, I argue that Boorse's forward-looking account (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   14 citations  
  11.  35
    Interdisciplinary Workshop in the Philosophy of Medicine: Death.Stefan J. Wagner, Elselijn Kingma & M. M. McCabe - 2012 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 18 (5):1072–1078.
  12. Interdisciplinary Workshop in the Philosophy of Medicine: Minds and Bodies in Medicine.Marion Godman & Elselijn Kingma - 2013 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 19 (3):564-571.
  13. Philosophy, Medicine and Health Care – Where We Have Come From and Where We Are Going.Michael Loughlin, Robyn Bluhm, Jonathan Fuller, Stephen Buetow, Ross E. G. Upshur, Kirstin Borgerson, Maya J. Goldenberg & Elselijn Kingma - 2014 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 20 (6):902-907.
  14.  58
    Explanation, Understanding, Objectivity and Experience.Michael Loughlin, Robyn Bluhm, Drozdstoj S. Stoyanov, Stephen Buetow, Ross E. G. Upshur, Kirstin Borgerson, Maya J. Goldenberg & Elselijn Kingma - 2013 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 19 (3):415-421.
  15.  41
    Interdisciplinary Workshop Report: Methodology and 'Personhood and Identity in Medicine'.Elselijn Kingma & Mary Margaret McCabe - 2012 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 18 (5):1057-1063.
  16.  8
    In Defence of Gestatelings: Response to Colgrove.Elselijn Kingma - forthcoming - Journal of Medical Ethics:medethics-2020-106630.
    Ectogestation—that is, ‘artificial’ or extramammalian pregnancy—may soon be within technological reach. This confronts us with questions about the correct moral and legal attitude towards the subjects of this technology, which are called ‘gestatelings’. Colgrove argues that gestatelings are a kind of newborn, and consequently should have the same moral and legal protections as newborns. This paper responds that both claims are unsupported by his arguments, which equivocate on two understandings of the term ‘newborn’. Questions about the appropriate moral and legal (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  17.  18
    Health, Disease and Naturalism: Hausman on the Public Value of Health.Elselijn Kingma - 2017 - Public Health Ethics 10 (2):109-121.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  18.  43
    Conference Report: Interdisciplinary Workshop in the Philosophy of Medicine: Parentalism and Trust.Emma Cecelia Bullock, Tania Gergel & Elselijn Kingma - 2015 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 21 (3):542-8.
    On the 13th June 2014, the Centre for the Humanities and Health (CHH) at King’s College London hosted a one-day workshop on ‘Parentalism and Trust.’ This workshop was the sixth in a series of workshops whose aim is to provide a new model for high-quality open interdisciplinary engagement between medical professionals and philosophers. The term ‘Parentalism’ rather than paternalism is chosen and used throughout because of some of the derisory and unfortunate gender connotations associated with paternalism (and/or its counterpart ‘maternalism’). (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   3 citations  
  19.  42
    Functions and Health at the Interface of Biology and Technology.Elselijn Kingma - forthcoming - Noûs.
    No categories
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  20.  28
    Interdisciplinary Workshop in the Philosophy of Medicine: Medical Knowledge, Medical Duties.Emma Bullock & Elselijn Kingma - 2014 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 20 (6):994-1001.
    On 27 September 2013, the Centre for the Humanities and Health (CHH) at King's College London hosted a 1-day workshop on ‘Medical knowledge, Medical Duties’. This workshop was the fifth in a series of five workshops whose aim is to provide a new model for high-quality, open interdisciplinary engagement between medical professionals and philosophers. This report identifies the key points of discussion raised throughout the day and the methodology employed.
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   3 citations  
  21.  7
    Parental Obligation and Compelled Caesarean Section: Careful Analogies and Reliable Reasoning About Individual Cases.Elselijn Kingma & Lindsey Porter - forthcoming - Journal of Medical Ethics:medethics-2020-106072.
    Whether it is morally permissible to compel women to undergo a caesarean section is a topic of longstanding debate. Despite plenty of arguments against the moral permissibility of a forced caesarean section, the question keeps cropping up. This paper seeks to scrutinise a particular moral argument in favour of compulsion: the appeal to parental obligation. We present what we take to be a distillation of the basic form of this argument. We then argue that, in the absence of an exhaustive (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  22. A Note on Being Healthy – Reply.Elselijn Kingma - 2012 - Diametros 31:136-137.
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  23.  28
    Conference Report Interdisciplinary Workshop in the Philosophy of Medicine: Medical Knowledge, Medical Duties.Emma C. Bullock & Elselijn Kingma - 2014 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 20 (6):994-1001.
    On 27 September 2013, the Centre for the Humanities and Health (CHH) at King's College London hosted a 1-day workshop on ‘Medical knowledge, Medical Duties’. This workshop was the fifth in a series of five workshops whose aim is to provide a new model for high-quality, open interdisciplinary engagement between medical professionals and philosophers. This report identifies the key points of discussion raised throughout the day and the methodology employed.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  24.  19
    Interdisciplinary Workshop on Concepts of Health and Disease: Report.Elselijn Kingma, Ben Chisnall & M. M. McCabe - 2011 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 17 (5):1018-1022.