Results for 'Eman A. Sultan'

991 found
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  1.  20
    What Egyptians think. Knowledge, attitude, and opinions of Egyptian patients towards biobanking issues.Ahmed S. Abdelhafiz, Eman A. Sultan, Hany H. Ziady, Ebtesam Ahmed, Walaa A. Khairy, Douaa M. Sayed, Rana Zaki, Merhan A. Fouda & Rania M. Labib - 2019 - BMC Medical Ethics 20 (1):1-10.
    Biobanking is a relatively new concept in Egypt. Building a good relationship with different stakeholders is essential for the social sustainability of biobanks. To establish this relationship, it is necessary to assess the attitude of different groups towards this concept. The objective of this work is to assess the knowledge, attitude, and opinions of Egyptian patients towards biobanking issues. We designed a structured survey to be administered to patients coming to the outpatient clinics in 3 university hospitals in Egypt. The (...)
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  2.  50
    Legalization and Islamic Bioethical Perspectives on Prenatal Diagnosis and Advanced Uses of Pre implantation Genetic Diagnosis in Saudi Arabia.Hanan A. Sultan - 2013 - Journal of Clinical Research and Bioethics 4 (S1).
  3.  55
    Patients’ perceived purpose of clinical informed consent: Mill’s individual autonomy model is preferred.Muhammad M. Hammami, Eman A. Al-Gaai, Yussuf Al-Jawarneh, Hala Amer, Muhammad B. Hammami, Abdullah Eissa & Mohammad A. Qadire - 2014 - BMC Medical Ethics 15 (1):2.
    Although informed consent is an integral part of clinical practice, its current doctrine remains mostly a matter of law and mainstream ethics rather than empirical research. There are scarce empirical data on patients’ perceived purpose of informed consent, which may include administrative routine/courtesy gesture, simple honest permission, informed permission, patient-clinician shared decision-making, and enabling patient’s self decision-making. Different purposes require different processes.
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  4.  59
    Saudi views on consenting for research on medical records and leftover tissue samples.Mohammad M. Al-Qadire, Muhammad M. Hammami, Hunida M. Abdulhameed & Eman A. Al Gaai - 2010 - BMC Medical Ethics 11 (1):18.
    BackgroundConsenting for retrospective medical records-based research (MR) and leftover tissue-based research (TR) continues to be controversial. Our objective was to survey Saudis attending outpatient clinics at a tertiary care hospital on their personal preference and perceptions of norm and current practice in relation to consenting for MR and TR.MethodsWe surveyed 528 Saudis attending clinics at a tertiary care hospital in Saudi Arabia to explore their preferences and perceptions of norm and current practice. The respondents selected one of 7 options from (...)
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  5.  70
    Saudi mothers' preferences about breaking bad news concerning newborns: a structured verbal questionnaire.Sameer Y. Al-Abdi, Eman A. Al-Ali, Matar H. Daheer, Yaseen M. Al-Saleh, Khalid H. Al-Qurashi & Maryam A. Al-Aamri - 2011 - BMC Medical Ethics 12 (1):1-8.
    Breaking bad news (BBN) to parents whose newborn has a major disease is an ethical dilemma. In Saudi Arabia, BBN about newborns is performed according to the parental preferences that have been reported from non-Arabic/non-Islamic countries. Saudi mothers' preferences about BBN have not yet been studied. Therefore, we aimed to elicit the preferences of Saudi mothers about BBN concerning newborns. We selected a convenience sample of 402 Saudi mothers, aged 18-50 years, who had no previous experience with BBN. We selected (...)
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  6. Handwritten Signature Verification using Deep Learning. [REVIEW]Eman Alajrami, Belal A. M. Ashqar, Bassem S. Abu-Nasser, Ahmed J. Khalil, Musleh M. Musleh, Alaa M. Barhoom & Samy S. Abu-Naser - manuscript
    Every person has his/her own unique signature that is used mainly for the purposes of personal identification and verification of important documents or legal transactions. There are two kinds of signature verification: static and dynamic. Static(off-line) verification is the process of verifying an electronic or document signature after it has been made, while dynamic(on-line) verification takes place as a person creates his/her signature on a digital tablet or a similar device. Offline signature verification is not efficient and slow for a (...)
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  7. Human Computer Interaction Design of the LP-ITS: Linear Programming Intelligent Tutoring Systems.S. Abu Naser, A. Ahmed, N. Al-Masri & Y. Abu Sultan - 2011 - .
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  8.  11
    Causes of domestic violence against married women: A sociological study with reference to karachi city.Saba Sultan, Muhammad Yaseen & Shahzaman - 2017 - Journal of Social Sciences and Humanities 56 (2):153-165.
    The aim and objective of this study is to analyse the causes of domestic violence against married women in Pakistan providing a complete picture of understanding on the phenomenon. This study was conducted in Safoora Goth, Karachi one of the oldest residential centre of Karachi where all local ethnic groups and class of people are inhabited. The factors included in the study were various reasons of domestic violence, nature of domestic violence, types of domestic violence, separation, and feeling of deprivation, (...)
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  9.  14
    RETRACTED: Intolerance of Uncertainty Scale-12: Psychometric Properties of This Construct Among Iranian Undergraduate Students.Balachandran Vadivel, Zahra Azadfar, Mansor Abu Talib, Dhameer A. Mutlak, Wanich Suksatan, Abbas Abd Ali Abbood, Mohammed Q. Sultan, Kelly A. Allen, Indrajit Patra, Ali Thaeer Hammid, Abbas Abdollahi & Supat Chupradit - 2022 - Frontiers in Psychology 13:894316.
    BackgroundUncertainty intolerance (IU), the tendency to think or react negatively toward uncertain events may have implication on individuals’ mental health and psychological wellbeing. The Intolerance of Uncertainty Scale-12 (IU-12) is commonly used across the globe to measure IU, however, its’ psychometric properties are yet to be evaluated in Iran with a Persian-speaking population. Therefore, the purpose of this research was to translate and validate the IU-12 among Iranian undergraduate students.Materials and MethodsThe multi-stage cluster random sampling was employed to recruit 410 (...)
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  10.  52
    Bridging the explanatory gaps: What can we learn from a biological agency perspective?Sonia E. Sultan, Armin P. Moczek & Denis Walsh - 2022 - Bioessays 44 (1):2100185.
    We begin this article by delineating the explanatory gaps left by prevailing gene‐focused approaches in our understanding of phenotype determination, inheritance, and the origin of novel traits. We aim not to diminish the value of these approaches but to highlight where their implementation, despite best efforts, has encountered persistent limitations. We then discuss how each of these explanatory gaps can be addressed by expanding research foci to take into accountbiological agency—the capacity of living systems at various levels to participate in (...)
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  11.  11
    Why Is 10 Past 10 the Default Setting for Clocks and Watches in Advertisements? A Psychological Experiment.Ahmed A. Karim, Britta Lützenkirchen, Eman Khedr & Radwa Khalil - 2017 - Frontiers in Psychology 8:255159.
    Have you ever noticed that in watch advertisements the time is usually set at 10:10? The reasons and psychological effects of this default time setting are elusive. In Experiment 1, we hypothesized that watches showing a time setting resembling a smiling face (10:10) would enhance emotional valence and intention to buy compared to a neutral time setting (11:30), whereas a time setting resembling a sad face (8:20) would have the opposite effect. Moreover, we investigated a possible interaction effect with the (...)
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  12.  12
    Heuristic inquiry: researching human experience holistically.Nevine Sultan - 2019 - Los Angeles: SAGE Publications.
    What is heuristic inquiry, anyway? -- Locating heuristic inquiry within contemporary qualitative research -- Philosophical and theoretical foundations of heuristic inquiry -- Heuristic processes and phases -- Heuristic research design -- Heuristic data collection, organization, and analysis -- Relationality, reflexivity, and meaning-making -- Evaluating the research: a collaborative process -- Writing a living manuscript: an embodied relational approach -- Ethics of heuristic research -- Universal applications of heuristic inquiry: bridging research and living experience -- An ending, beginning.
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  13. ha-Ḥevrah ha-tomekhet: manifesṭ sotsiʼal-demoḳraṭi = The supporting society.Judd Ne'eman - 2020 - Yehud Monoson: Ofir bikurim.
    It's time to engage with human society as a society. It seems that the individualistic age in which we live has exhausted itself. It is time to take a collective mental account of the way we live, the relationship between people and society, and what social structure we need." "The importance of human society, and offers various suggestions for improving the existing social structure, while emphasizing the failures in the economy related to the existing socio-economic system, which led to the (...)
     
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  14.  8
    A Sample Text From The Gumbad Dialect Of Turkmen.Sultan Tulu - 2009 - Journal of Turkish Studies 4:945-967.
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  15.  21
    The Protection-Inclusion Dilemma: A Global Distributive Justice Perspective.Eman Ahmed - 2023 - American Journal of Bioethics 23 (6):120-121.
    In their article, Friesen et al. (2023) discuss two challenging roles the IRBs are playing: protecting research participants from research-related risks and promoting inclusion of diverse populatio...
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  16.  19
    Cognitive Enhancement: Toward a Rational Public Consensus.Eman Ahmed & Kristien Hens - 2020 - American Journal of Bioethics Neuroscience 11 (4):263-265.
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  17.  8
    L'idée de devoir-être.Hans Emane-Obame - 2017 - Saint-Denis: Connaissances et savoirs.
    J'appelle ‘morale', dans le sens le plus général du mot, l'ensemble des règles qui doivent diriger l'activité libre de l'homme. Toutes dérivent d'un principe commun, par une méthode commune ; toutes répondent, dans l'une des voies ouvertes à l'activité humaine, à la question : Qu'est-ce qui doit être? Ce qui doit être, c'est ce qui est conforme à une fin rationnelle, ce qui est rationnellement souhaitable. Pourtant, les philosophes ne s'accordent pas sur l'essence du devoir-être et des divergences apparaissent entre (...)
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  18.  14
    Global Health Disparities: Can Liberal Perfectionism Better Address the Problem?Eman Ahmed & Kristien Hens - 2021 - American Journal of Bioethics 21 (9):48-50.
    In his article, Ismaili M’hamdi argues that a neutralist approach in public health policy might turn into a gap that separates citizens who endure preventable poor conditions from the state...
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  19.  27
    Constrained Pseudo-Propositional Logic.Ahmad-Saher Azizi-Sultan - 2020 - Logica Universalis 14 (4):523-535.
    Propositional logic, with the aid of SAT solvers, has become capable of solving a range of important and complicated problems. Expanding this range, to contain additional varieties of problems, is subject to the complexity resulting from encoding counting constraints in conjunctive normal form. Due to the limitation of the expressive power of propositional logic, generally, such an encoding increases the numbers of variables and clauses excessively. This work eliminates the indicated drawback by interpolating constraint symbols and the set of natural (...)
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  20.  6
    A United Church: High calling, spiritual weakness.Pervaiz Sultan - 2004 - Transformation: An International Journal of Holistic Mission Studies 21 (1):33-36.
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  21.  15
    Ethical Considerations in Clinical Biochemistry and Laboratory Medicine: A Discussion Based on ‘The Belmont Report’.Miliva Mozaffor, Mariya Tabassum, Mohammad Tipu Sultan & Shamima Parvin - 2019 - Bangladesh Journal of Bioethics 10 (3).
    With technical sophistication and innovation in the field of medical science, a considerable proportion of medical diagnosis now rely on laboratory analyses, which emphasises the crucial role of laboratory physicians in patient care. Sustaining high ethical standards remains crucial in both clinical biochemistry and laboratory medicine, and several ethical dilemmas are faced by laboratory physicians in day-to-day practice. In a low-resource country like Bangladesh, formal ethics education or ethical framework in laboratory practice is still absent; ethics has not received that (...)
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  22.  24
    Translation of an Imperial Ber't Issued by Sultan Selim III. A. H. 1215 Appointing the Monk Hohannes Patriarch of All the Armernians of TurkeyTranslation of an Imperial Berat Issued by Sultan Selim III. A. H. 1215 Appointing the Monk Hohannes Patriarch of All the Armernians of Turkey. [REVIEW]Sultân Selim Iii, H. G. O. Dwight & Sultan Selim Iii - 1849 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 1 (4):507.
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  23.  29
    Diet in pregnancy, 1930–1960: a shifting social, political and scientific concern.Najia Sultan - 2010 - Medical Humanities 36 (2):118-121.
    The diet of expectant mothers was a significant issue of social, political and scientific concern between 1930 and 1960. However, while histories of maternity services and nutritional science are independently available, no existing study addresses the nutrition of expectant mothers in this period. Between 1900 and 1930, maternal mortality rates were rising despite improving clinical antenatal provisions. Breakthroughs in nutritional science resulted in the identification of key dietary components, while changing social attitudes meant hunger was increasingly being seen as a (...)
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  24. The detection and generation of sequences as a key to cerebellar function: Experiments and theory.Valentino Braitenberg, Detlef Heck & Fahad Sultan - 1997 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 20 (2):229-245.
    Starting from macroscopic and microscopic facts of cerebellar histology, we propose a new functional interpretation that may elucidate the role of the cerebellum in movement control. The idea is that the cerebellum is a large collection of individual lines (Eccles's : Eccles et al. 1967a) that respond specifically to certain sequences of events in the input and in turn produce sequences of signals in the output. We believe that the sequence-in/sequence-out mode of operation is as typical for the cerebellar cortex (...)
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  25. Truth transformation fuzzy logic controllers: Outlines of the design of a new generation of fuzzy controllers.L. H. Sultan & T. H. Janabi - 1991 - Ai 1991 Frontiers in Innovative Computing for the Nuclear Industry Topical Meeting, Jackson Lake, Wy, Sept. 15-18, 1991 1.
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  26. World spinors—Construction and some applications.Yuval Ne'eman & Djordje Šijački - 1997 - Foundations of Physics 27 (8):1105-1122.
    The existence of a topological double-covering for the GL(n, R) and diffeomorphism groups is reviewed. These groups do not have finite-dimensional faithful representations. An explicit construction and the classification of all\documentclass[12pt]{minimal} \usepackage{amsmath} \usepackage{wasysym} \usepackage{amsfonts} \usepackage{amssymb} \usepackage{amsbsy} \usepackage{mathrsfs} \usepackage{upgreek} \setlength{\oddsidemargin}{-69pt} \begin{document} $$\overline {SL} $$ \end{document}(n, R), n=3,4 unitary irreducible representations is presented. Infinite-component spinorial and tensorial\documentclass[12pt]{minimal} \usepackage{amsmath} \usepackage{wasysym} \usepackage{amsfonts} \usepackage{amssymb} \usepackage{amsbsy} \usepackage{mathrsfs} \usepackage{upgreek} \setlength{\oddsidemargin}{-69pt} \begin{document} $$\overline {SL} $$ \end{document} fields, “manifields”, are introduced. Particle content of the ladder manifields, as given by (...)
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  27.  27
    Between the Many and the One: Anticolonial Federalism and Popular Sovereignty.Nazmul S. Sultan - 2022 - Political Theory 50 (2):247-274.
    Recovering a marginal body of pluralist political thought from early twentieth-century India, this article explores how the question of popular sovereignty shaped the federalist reconfiguration of the anticolonial democratic project. The turn to federalism was facilitated by the Indian reckoning with Hegel in the late nineteenth century, which led to the diagnosis that the universality ascribed to monist sovereignty relies on a “unilinear” theory of development. Through a sustained engagement with British pluralist and American progressive thought, Indian federalist thinkers eventually (...)
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  28.  27
    Preservation of choice principles under realizability.Eman Dihoum & Michael Rathjen - 2019 - Logic Journal of the IGPL 27 (5):746-765.
    Especially nice models of intuitionistic set theories are realizability models $V$, where $\mathcal A$ is an applicative structure or partial combinatory algebra. This paper is concerned with the preservation of various choice principles in $V$ if assumed in the underlying universe $V$, adopting Constructive Zermelo–Fraenkel as background theory for all of these investigations. Examples of choice principles are the axiom schemes of countable choice, dependent choice, relativized dependent choice and the presentation axiom. It is shown that any of these axioms (...)
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  29.  22
    Reinterpreting freire’s essay on the banking model of education by using tyler’s model of curriculum.Sameera Sultan - 2016 - Journal of Social Sciences and Humanities 55 (1):27-39.
    The banking model manufactures human consciousness that is easy to control. It programs individuals to accept and believe in a false concept of reality so that they fail to perceive the connection between human action and their immediate and higher social reality. In this way, it creates submissive subjects for the order of oppression. The oppressed are conditioned and incapable of perceiving the truth. Their critical and creative thinking potential is systematically annulled. This paper aims to reinterpret Freire’s essay on (...)
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  30.  48
    Pressure ulcer prevalence in intensive care patients: a cross‐sectional study.Eman S. M. Shahin, Theo Dassen & Ruud J. G. Halfens - 2008 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 14 (4):563-568.
  31.  7
    Discursive patterns of anti-feminism and pro-feminism in Arabic newspapers of the KACST corpus.Sultan Almujaiwel - 2017 - Discourse and Communication 11 (5):441-466.
    This article presents the results of an analysis of the large-scale processed texts of Arabic newspapers in the King Abdulaziz City for Science and Technology Arabic Corpus Project. I adopted methods modified from the Biber Connor Upton Approach to retrieve the expanded concordances of the lexical units almarᵓa and alnisāᵓ from the corpus. The extracted text reveals the discursive patterns regarding a number of topics which are discussed in Arabic newspapers, namely, socio-culture and eco-politics. The results of the study show (...)
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  32.  17
    Microbiome in Precision Psychiatry: An Overview of the Ethical Challenges Regarding Microbiome Big Data and Microbiome-Based Interventions.Eman Ahmed & Kristien Hens - 2022 - American Journal of Bioethics Neuroscience 13 (4):270-286.
    There has been a spurt in both fundamental and translational research that examines the underlying mechanisms of the human microbiome in psychiatric disorders. The personalized and dynamic features of the human microbiome suggest the potential of its manipulation for precision psychiatry in ways to improve mental health and avoid disease. However, findings in the field of microbiome also raise philosophical and ethical questions. From a philosophical point of view, they may yet be another attempt at providing a biological cause for (...)
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  33.  10
    Predicting Coronavirus Pandemic in Real-Time Using Machine Learning and Big Data Streaming System.Xiongwei Zhang, Hager Saleh, Eman M. G. Younis, Radhya Sahal & Abdelmgeid A. Ali - 2020 - Complexity 2020:1-10.
    Twitter is a virtual social network where people share their posts and opinions about the current situation, such as the coronavirus pandemic. It is considered the most significant streaming data source for machine learning research in terms of analysis, prediction, knowledge extraction, and opinions. Sentiment analysis is a text analysis method that has gained further significance due to social networks’ emergence. Therefore, this paper introduces a real-time system for sentiment prediction on Twitter streaming data for tweets about the coronavirus pandemic. (...)
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  34.  66
    Geometrization in the Yang-Mills, extended supergravity, and Klein-Kaluza versions.Yuval Ne'eman - 1984 - Foundations of Physics 14 (12):1253-1253.
    We relate personal encounters of three kinds with geometrical approaches in the development of a relativistic quantum field theory of the fundamental interactions—including interactions with Nathan Rosen. We characterize the geometrical structures involved and discuss the more recent attempts to develop a unified theory based on a Klein-Kaluza contraction of the eightfold extended supergravity.
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  35.  96
    Plato alleges that God forever geometrizes.Yuval Ne'eman - 1996 - Foundations of Physics 26 (5):575-583.
    Since 1961, the experimental exploration at the fundamental level of physical reality has surprised physists by revealing to them a highly geometric scenery. Like Einstein's (classical) theory of gravity, the “standard model,” describing the strong, weak, and electromagnetic interaction, testifies in favor of Plato's reported allegation.
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  36.  9
    Readiness or Impairment: Cognitive and Linguistic Differences Between Children Who Learn to Read and Those Who Exhibit Difficulties With Reading in Kindergarten Compared to Their Achievements at the End of First Grade.Ariel Ne'eman & Shelley Shaul - 2021 - Frontiers in Psychology 12.
    Many studies have attempted to identify measures that predict reading abilities. The results of these studies may be inclined to over-identification of children considered at risk in kindergarten but who achieve parity in reading by the end of first grade. Therefore, the current study sought to analyze the specific cognitive and linguistic predictors of reading accuracy and reading speed separately. Additionally, the study examined if it is possible to use empirically validated measures to distinguish between children who are not ready (...)
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  37.  44
    Some double-valued representations of the linear groups.Yuval Ne'eman - 1983 - Foundations of Physics 13 (4):467-480.
    We review the mathematical theory ofSL(n, R) and its double-covering group $\overline {SL} (n,R)$ , especially forn = 2, 3, 4. After discussing a variety of physical applications, we show that $\overline {SL} (3,R)$ provides holonomic curved space (“world”) spinors with an infinite number of components. We construct the relevant holonomic “manifield” and discuss the gravitational interaction of a proton as an example.
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  38.  88
    The problems in quantum foundations in the light of gauge theories.Yuval Ne'eman - 1986 - Foundations of Physics 16 (4):361-377.
    We review the issues of nonseparability and seemingly acausal propagation of information in EPR, as displayed by experiments and the failure of Bell's inequalities. We show that global effects are in the very nature of the geometric structure of modern physical theories, occurring even at the classical level. The Aharonov-Bohm effect, magnetic monopoles, instantons, etc. result from the topology and homotopy features of the fiber bundle manifolds of gauge theories. The conservation of probabilities, a supposedly highly quantum effect, is also (...)
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  39.  20
    The spectrum-generating groups program and the string.Yuval Ne'eman - 1988 - Foundations of Physics 18 (3):245-275.
    Schrödinger's approach was analytical, but it is equivalent to an algebraic treatment. We review the evolution of group theory as a physical tool and its application to the Hilbert space of Schrödinger's eigenstates. Special emphasis is put on recent results relating to the relativistic quantized string.
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  40.  9
    Are Alternative Neurotherapies Exempted from Using Current Scientific Evidence?Eman Sharawy - 2021 - American Journal of Bioethics Neuroscience 12 (4):275-277.
    Nagappan, Kalokairinou, and Wexler (2021) raised a serious ethical question: Are off-label practices or direct-to-consumer medical devices offered to public exempted from clinical or research gover...
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  41. Brain death and its entanglements.Omar Sultan Haque - 2008 - Journal of Religious Ethics 36 (1):13-36.
    The Islamic philosophical, mystical, and theological sub-traditions have each made characteristic assumptions about the human person, including an incorporation of substance dualism in distinctive manners. Advances in the brain sciences of the last half century, which include a widespread acceptance of death as the end of essential brain function, require the abandonment of dualistic notions of the human person that assert an immaterial and incorporeal soul separate from a body. In this article, I trace classical Islamic notions of death and (...)
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  42.  18
    Waiting for the ultimate theory of the cerebellum.Valentino Braitenberg, Detlef Heck & Fahad Sultan - 1997 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 20 (2):267-271.
    Although our idea of sequential input being a key to cerebellar function was taken seriously by most commentators, there were also objections, based in part on experimental evidence that seems to contradict our intuitions and in part on commentators' preferences for different schemes. Several were suspicious of experiments (performed on slices of cerebellar tissue) that may have severed some of the synaptic connections, particularly the inhibitory ones. It is our feeling that a modi-fication of our theory that could satisfy most (...)
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  43.  25
    Plant coloration undermines herbivorous insect camouflage.Simcha Lev-Yadun, Amots Dafni, Moshe A. Flaishman, Moshe Inbar, Ido Izhaki, Gadi Katzir & Gidi Ne'eman - 2004 - Bioessays 26 (10):1126-1130.
    The main point of our hypothesis “coloration undermines camouflage” is that many color patterns in plants undermine the camouflage of invertebrate herbivores, especially insects, thus exposing them to predation and causing them to avoid plant organs with unsuitable coloration, to the benefit of the plants. This is a common case of “the enemy of my enemy is my friend” and a visual parallel of the chemical signals that plants emit to call wasps when attacked by caterpillars. Moreover, this is also (...)
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  44.  22
    Attitudes of prehospital emergency care professionals toward refusal of treatment.Hasan Erbay, Sultan Alan & Selim Kadioglu - 2014 - Nursing Ethics 21 (5):530-539.
    Introduction:Prehospital emergency medicine is a specific field of emergency medicine. The basic approach of prehospital emergency medicine is to provide patients with medical intervention at the scene of the incident. This special environment causes health professionals to encounter various problems. One of the most important problems in this field is ethics, in particular questions involving refusal of treatment and the processes associated with it.Objective:The objective of this study is to identify emergency health professionals’ views regarding refusal of treatment.Methods:This study was (...)
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  45.  51
    The paradoxical pleasures of human imagination.Omar Sultan Haque - 2011 - Philosophy and Literature 35 (1):182-189.
    In lieu of an abstract, here is a brief excerpt of the content:The Paradoxical Pleasures of Human ImaginationOmar Sultan HaqueHow Pleasure Works: The New Science of Why We Like What We Like, by Paul Bloom. W. W. Norton, 2010, 280 pp., $26.95.Have you heard about that chump who dished out $48,875 for John F. Kennedy's dusty old tape measure? The rock star who allegedly snorted his father's ashes with some cocaine? The creepy German guy who put out an advertisement (...)
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  46.  15
    What has to be learned in motor learning?Harold Bekkering, Detlef Heck & Fahad Sultan - 1996 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 19 (3):436-437.
    The present commentary considers the question of what must be learned in different types of motor skills, thereby limiting the question of what should be adjusted in the APG model in order to explain successful learning. It is concluded that an open loop model like the APG might well be able to describe the learning pattern of motor skills in a stable, predictable environment. Recent research on saccadic plasticity, however, illustrates that motor skills performed in an unpredictable environment depend heavily (...)
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  47.  21
    Why Psychiatric Ethics and Social Science Should Be Friends.Omar Sultan Haque - 2019 - Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 26 (3):211-213.
    The on-the-ground case conference at the interface of philosophical ethics and clinical psychiatry is an innovative idea that advances pedagogy in presenting a creative approach to teaching and practicing psychiatric ethics. In the current exercise of the proposed partnership, there was a generally positive outcome. The philosopher and the psychiatrist learned from each other, were able to find norms that made their collaboration productive, and found that clinical care was enhanced. My commentary aims to help others replicate this model, and (...)
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  48. Ethical reasoning and the use of insider information in stock trading.Mohammad Abdolmohammadi & Jahangir Sultan - 2002 - Journal of Business Ethics 37 (2):165 - 173.
    The cognitive developmental theory of ethics suggests that there is a positive relationship between ethical reasoning and ethical behavior. In this study, we trained a sample of accounting and finance students in performing competitive stock trading in our state-of-the-art trading room. The subjects then performed trading of stocks under two experimental conditions: insider information, and no-insider information where significant performance-based financial awards were at stake. We also administered the Defining Issues Test (DIT). Ethical behavior, as the dependent variable was measured (...)
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    A sheep in wolf's clothing: do carrion and dung odours of flowers not only attract pollinators but also deter herbivores?Simcha Lev-Yadun, Gidi Ne'eman & Uri Shanas - 2009 - Bioessays 31 (1):84-88.
    Carrion and dung odours of various flowers have traditionally been considered an adaptation for attracting the flies and beetles that pollinate them. While we accept the role of such odours in pollinator attraction, we propose that they may also have another, overlooked, anti‐herbivore defensive function. We suggest that such odours may deter mammalian herbivores, especially during the critical period of flowering. Carrion odour is a good predictor for two potential dangers to mammalian herbivores: (1) pathogenic microbes, (2) proximity of carnivores. (...)
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    La science des moeurs au siècle des Lumières: conception et expérimentations.Laurie Bréban, Séverine Denieul & Elise Sultan-Villet (eds.) - 2021 - Paris: Classiques Garnier.
    La « science des mœurs » entreprend d’étudier l’homme en passant par l’observation et l’expérience. Au xviiie siècle, elle se propose d’appliquer une méthode nouvelle à un objet jusqu’alors réservé aux métaphysiciens ou aux moralistes. Or, une telle proposition ne va pas sans poser problème.-.
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