Results for 'Emile Aarts'

998 found
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  1.  41
    Two Acts of Social Intelligence: The Effects of Mimicry and Social Praise on the Evaluation of an Artificial Agent. [REVIEW]Maurits Kaptein, Panos Markopoulos, Boris Ruyter & Emile Aarts - 2011 - AI and Society 26 (3):261-273.
    This paper describes a study of the effects of two acts of social intelligence, namely mimicry and social praise, when used by an artificial social agent. An experiment ( N = 50) is described which shows that social praise—positive feedback about the ongoing conversation—increases the perceived friendliness of a chat-robot. Mimicry—displaying matching behavior—enhances the perceived intelligence of the robot. We advice designers to incorporate both mimicry and social praise when their system needs to function as a social actor. Different ways (...)
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  2.  26
    Two Acts of Social Intelligence: The Effects of Mimicry and Social Praise on the Evaluation of an Artificial Agent.Maurits Kaptein, Panos Markopoulos, Boris de Ruyter & Emile Aarts - 2011 - AI and Society 26 (3):261-273.
  3. Émile Durkheim on Morality and Society Selected Writings.Emile Durkheim & Robert N. Bellah - 1973
     
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  4.  58
    On the Inference of Personal Authorship: Enhancing Experienced Agency by Priming Effect Information☆.Henk Aarts, Ruud Custers & Daniel M. Wegner - 2005 - Consciousness and Cognition 14 (3):439-458.
    Three experiments examined whether the mere priming of potential action effects enhances people’s feeling of causing these effects when they occur. In a computer task, participants and the computer independently moved a rapidly moving square on a display. Participants had to press a key, thereby stopping the movement. However, the participant or the computer could have caused the square to stop on the observed position, and accordingly, the stopped position of the square could be conceived of as the potential effect (...)
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  5.  26
    Evidence for the Automatic Evaluation of Self-Generated Actions.Kristien Aarts, Jan De Houwer & Gilles Pourtois - 2012 - Cognition 124 (2):117-127.
  6.  25
    Introduction to Emile Durkheim's "Anti-Semitism and Social Crisis".Chad Alan Goldberg & Emile Durkheim - 2008 - Sociological Theory 26 (4):299 - 323.
    Emile Durkheim's "Antis?mitisme et crise sociale," written in 1899 during the Dreyfus Affair in France, is introduced. The introduction summarizes the principal contributions that "Antis?mitisme et crise sociale" makes to the sociology of anti-Semitism, relates those contributions to Durkheim's broader theoretical assumptions and concerns, situates his analysis of anti-Semitism in its social and historical context, contrasts it to other analyses of anti-Semitism (Marxist and Zionist) that were prominent in Durkheim's time, indicates some of the revisions and additions that a (...)
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  7.  44
    Dealing with Ambivalence: Farmers' and Consumers' Perceptions of Animal Welfare in Livestock Breeding. [REVIEW]Hein Te Velde, Noelle Aarts & Cees Van Woerkum - 2002 - Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 15 (2):203-219.
    The results of an empirical study intoperceptions of the treatment of farm animals inthe Netherlands are presented. A qualitativeapproach, based on in-depth interviews withmeat livestock farmers and consumers was chosenin order to assess motivations behindperceptions and to gain insight into the waypeople deal with possible discrepancies betweentheir perceptions and their daily practices.Perceptions are analyzed with the help of aframe of reference, which consists ofvalues, norms, convictions, interests, andknowledge.The perceptions of the interviewed farmersare quite consistent and without exceptionpositive: according to them, (...)
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  8.  23
    Dealing with Ambivalence: Farmers' and Consumers' Perceptions of Animal Welfare in Livestock Breeding. [REVIEW]Hein Te Velde, Noelle Aarts & Cees van Woerkum - 2002 - Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 15 (2):203-219.
    The results of an empirical study intoperceptions of the treatment of farm animals inthe Netherlands are presented. A qualitativeapproach, based on in-depth interviews withmeat livestock farmers and consumers was chosenin order to assess motivations behindperceptions and to gain insight into the waypeople deal with possible discrepancies betweentheir perceptions and their daily practices.Perceptions are analyzed with the help of aframe of reference, which consists ofvalues, norms, convictions, interests, andknowledge.
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  9.  50
    Unconscious Reward Cues Increase Invested Effort, but Do Not Change Speed–Accuracy Tradeoffs.Erik Bijleveld, Ruud Custers & Henk Aarts - 2010 - Cognition 115 (2):330-335.
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  10. Metaphor and Non-Metaphor: The Semantics of Adjective Noun Combinations.Jan M. G. Aarts - 1979 - Niemeyer.
     
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  11. Syntactic Gradience: The Nature of Grammatical Indeterminacy.Bas Aarts - 2007 - Oxford University Press UK.
    This is the first exhaustive investigation of gradience in syntax, conceived of as grammatical indeterminacy. It looks at gradience in English word classes, phrases, clauses and constructions, and examines how it may be defined and differentiated. Professor Aarts addresses the tension between linguistic concepts and the continuous phenomena they describe by testing and categorizing grammatical vagueness and indeterminacy. He considers to what extent gradience is a grammatical phenomenon or a by-product of imperfect linguistic description, and makes a series of (...)
     
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  12.  39
    Reflecting on the Action or its Outcome: Behavior Representation Level Modulates High Level Outcome Priming Effects on Self-Agency Experiences.Anouk van der Weiden, Henk Aarts & Kirsten I. Ruys - 2010 - Consciousness and Cognition 19 (1):21-32.
    Recent research suggests that one can have the feeling of being the cause of an action’s outcome, even in the absence of a prior intention to act. That is, experienced self-agency over behavior increases when outcome representations are primed outside of awareness, prior to executing the action and observing the resulting outcome. Based on the notion that behavior can be represented at different levels, we propose that priming outcome representations is more likely to augment self-agency experiences when the primed representation (...)
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  13.  70
    Goal-Directed Behavior.Henk Aarts & Andrew J. Elliot (eds.) - 2012 - Psychology Press.
    This volume presents chapters from internationally renowned scholars in the area of goals and social behavior.
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  14.  32
    The Elementary Forms of the Religious Life.Émile Durkheim - 1915 - New York: the Macmillan Company.
    In The Elementary Forms of Religious Life (1912), Emile Durkheim sets himself the task of discovering the enduring source of human social identity.
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  15.  18
    Prime and Probability: Causal Knowledge Affects Inferential and Predictive Effects on Self-Agency Experiences.Anouk van der Weiden, Henk Aarts & Kirsten I. Ruys - 2011 - Consciousness and Cognition 20 (4):1865-1871.
    Experiences of having caused a certain outcome may arise from motor predictions based on action–outcome probabilities and causal inferences based on pre-activated outcome representations. However, when and how both indicators combine to affect such self-agency experiences is still unclear. Based on previous research on prediction and inference effects on self-agency, we propose that their contribution crucially depends on whether people have knowledge about the causal relation between actions and outcomes that is relevant to subsequent self-agency experiences. Therefore, we manipulated causal (...)
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  16.  39
    Perceiving an Exclusive Cause of Affect Prevents Misattribution.Kirsten I. Ruys, Henk Aarts, Esther K. Papies, Masanori Oikawa & Haruka Oikawa - 2012 - Consciousness and Cognition 21 (2):1009-1015.
    Affect misattribution occurs when affective cues color subsequent unrelated evaluations. Research suggests that affect misattribution decreases when one is aware that affective cues are unrelated to the evaluation at hand. We propose that affect misattribution may even occur when one is aware that affective cues are irrelevant, as long as the source of these cues seems ambiguous. When source ambiguity exists, affective cues may freely influence upcoming unrelated evaluations. We examined this using an adapted affect misattribution procedure where pleasant and (...)
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  17.  22
    Non‐Associative Lambek Categorial Grammar in Polynomial Time.Erik Aarts & Kees Trautwein - 1995 - Mathematical Logic Quarterly 41 (4):476-484.
    We present a new axiomatization of the non-associative Lambek calculus. We prove that it takes polynomial time to reduce any non-associative Lambek categorial grammar to an equivalent context-free grammar. Since it is possible to recognize a sentence generated by a context-free grammar in polynomial time, this proves that a sentence generated by any non-associative Lambek categorial grammar can be recognized in polynomial time.
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  18.  9
    Moving Forward: On the Limits of Motor-Based Forward Models.Myrthel Dogge, Ruud Custers & Henk Aarts - 2019 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 23 (9):743-753.
  19. Fuzzy Grammar: A Reader.Bas Aarts, David Denison, Evelien Keizer & Gergana Popova (eds.) - 2004 - Oxford University Press UK.
    This book brings together classic and recent papers in the philosophical and linguistic analysis of fuzzy grammar, gradience in meaning, word classes, and syntax. Issues such as how many grains make a heap, when a puddle becomes a pond, and so forth, have occupied thinkers since Aristotle and over the last two decades been the subject of increasing interest among linguists as well as in fields such as artificial intelligence and computational linguistics. The work is designed to be of use (...)
     
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  20.  82
    Proving Theorems of the Second Order Lambek Calculus in Polynomial Time.Erik Aarts - 1994 - Studia Logica 53 (3):373 - 387.
    In the Lambek calculus of order 2 we allow only sequents in which the depth of nesting of implications is limited to 2. We prove that the decision problem of provability in the calculus can be solved in time polynomial in the length of the sequent. A normal form for proofs of second order sequents is defined. It is shown that for every proof there is a normal form proof with the same axioms. With this normal form we can give (...)
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  21.  12
    Temoignage de M. Emile brehier.Emile Brehier - 1945 - Les Etudes Philosophiques 20:16.
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  22.  14
    Allocution de M. émile bréhier.Émile Bréhier - 1945 - Revue de Métaphysique et de Morale 50 (1/2):1 - 4.
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  23.  5
    Communication de M. Emile bréhier: La philosophie et son passe.Emile Bréhier - 1938 - Les Etudes Philosophiques 12 (1/2):9 - 25.
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  24.  6
    Lewis Stockwell Interviews Emile Bojesen on Forms of Education: Rethinking Educational Experience Against and Outside the Humanist Legacy.Lewis Stockwell & Emile Bojesen - forthcoming - Educational Philosophy and Theory:1-5.
    The nature of educational experience is so variously defined as to be a significant point of debate before conversation on its merits or practice can take place. Emile Bojesen contends that educato...
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  25.  38
    Learning of Predictive Relations Between Events Depends on Attention, Not on Awareness.Ruud Custers & Henk Aarts - 2011 - Consciousness and Cognition 20 (2):368-378.
    It is generally assumed that storing predictive relations between two events in memory as bi-directional associations does not require conscious awareness of this relation, whereas the formation of unidirectional associations that capture the direction of the relation does. This study reports a set of experiments demonstrating that unidirectional associations can be formed even when awareness of the relation is actively prevented, if attention is “tuned” to process predictive relations. When participants engaged in predicting targets based on cues in an unrelated (...)
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  26.  82
    Emile.Jean-Jacques Rousseau - unknown
  27.  13
    Intentionality and Temporal Binding: Do Causality Beliefs Increase the Perceived Temporal Attraction Between Events?S. Antusch, H. Aarts, H. Marien & R. Custers - 2020 - Consciousness and Cognition 77:102835.
  28.  11
    Unintentional Preparation of Motor Impulses After Incidental Perception of Need-Rewarding Objects.Harm Veling & Henk Aarts - 2011 - Cognition and Emotion 25 (6):1131-1138.
  29. Non-Conscious Goal Pursuit and the Effortful Control of Behavior.Ran R. Hassin, Henk Aarts, Baruch Eitam, Ruud Custers & Tali Kleiman - 2009 - In Ezequiel Morsella, John A. Bargh & Peter M. Gollwitzer (eds.), Oxford Handbook of Human Action. Oxford University Press.
  30. The Power of the Subliminal: On Subliminal Persuasion and Other Potential Applications.Ap Dijksterhuis, Henk Aarts & Pamela K. Smith - 2005 - In Ran R. Hassin, James S. Uleman & John A. Bargh (eds.), The New Unconscious. Oxford Series in Social Cognition and Social Neuroscience. Oxford University Press. pp. 77-106.
  31. Professional Ethics and Civic Morals.Emile Durkheim - 1957 - Routledge.
    In Professional Ethics and Civic Morals , Emile Durkheim outlined the core of his theory of morality and social rights which was to dominate his work throughout the course of his life. In Durkheim's view, sociology is a science of morals which are objective social facts, and these moral regulations form the basis of individual rights and obligations. This book is crucial to an understanding of Durkheim's sociology because it contains his much-neglected theory of the state as a moral (...)
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  32.  17
    There is a Fire Burning in My Heart: The Role of Causal Attribution in Affect Transfer.Masanori Oikawa, Henk Aarts & Haruka Oikawa - 2011 - Cognition and Emotion 25 (1):156-163.
  33.  1
    What Do Patients with Unmet Medical Needs Want? A Qualitative Study of Patients’ Views and Experiences with Expanded Access to Unapproved, Investigational Treatments in the Netherlands.Eline M. Bunnik & Nikkie Aarts - 2019 - BMC Medical Ethics 20 (1):1-17.
    Background Patients with unmet medical needs sometimes resort to non-standard treatment options, including the use of unapproved, investigational drugs in the context of clinical trials, compassionate use or named-patient programs. The views and experiences of patients with unmet medical needs regarding unapproved, investigational drugs have not yet been examined empirically. Methods In this qualitative study, exploratory interviews and focus groups were held with patients with chronic or life-threatening diseases, about topics related to non-standard treatment options, such as the search for (...)
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  34.  10
    A Model for Communication About Longshot Treatments in the Context of Early Access to Unapproved, Investigational Drugs.Eline M. Bunnik & Nikkie Aarts - 2018 - American Journal of Bioethics 18 (1):34-36.
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  35.  11
    Adaptive Reward Pursuit: How Effort Requirements Affect Unconscious Reward Responses and Conscious Reward Decisions.Erik Bijleveld, Ruud Custers & Henk Aarts - 2012 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 141 (4):728-742.
  36. The Elementary Forms of the Religious Life. [REVIEW]Emile Durkheim - 1918 - Ancient Philosophy (Misc) 28:158.
     
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  37. Effects of Subliminal Priming of Self and God on Self-Attribution of Authorship for Events.Daniel Wegner, Dijksterhuis, A., Preston, J. & H. Aarts - manuscript
  38. De l'Idée de Loi Naturelle Dans la Science Et la Philosophie Contemporaines Cours de M. Emile Boutroux.Emile Boutroux - 1895 - Lecène, Oudin Et Cie Felix Alcan.
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  39.  44
    Lectures Delivered in Connection with the Dedication of the Graduate College of Princeton University in October, 1913, by Émile Boutroux, Alois Riehl, A. D. Godley, Arthur Shipley. [REVIEW]Emile Boutroux, A. D. Godley, Alois Riehl & A. E. Sir Shipley - unknown
  40.  4
    Physicians Must Discuss Potential Long-Term Risks of Fecal Microbiota Transplantation to Ensure Informed Consent.Eline M. Bunnik, Nikkie Aarts & Lea Ann Chen - 2017 - American Journal of Bioethics 17 (5):61-63.
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  41. Frames and Ambivalence in Context: An Analysis of Hands-On Experts' Perception of the Welfare of Animals in Traveling Circuses in The Netherlands. [REVIEW]Hanneke J. Nijland, Noelle M. C. Aarts & Reint Jan Renes - 2013 - Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 26 (3):523-535.
    The results of an empirical study into the perceptions of “hands-on” experts concerning the welfare of (non-human) animals in traveling circuses in the Netherlands are presented. A qualitative approach, based on in-depth conversations with trainers/performers, former trainers/performers, veterinarians, and an owner of an animal shelter, conveyed several patterns in the contextual construction of perceptions and the use of dissonance reduction strategies. Perceptions were analyzed with the help of the Symbolic Convergence Theory and the model of the frame of reference, consisting (...)
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  42.  6
    Why Most Dieters Fail but Some Succeed: A Goal Conflict Model of Eating Behavior.Wolfgang Stroebe, Guido M. van Koningsbruggen, Esther K. Papies & Henk Aarts - 2013 - Psychological Review 120 (1):110-138.
  43. Les formes élémentaires de la vie religieuse. Le système totémique en Australie.Emile Durkheim & Michel Maffesoli - 1992 - Revue Philosophique de la France Et de l'Etranger 182 (4):501-502.
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  44.  23
    Frames and Ambivalence in Context: An Analysis of Hands-On Experts’ Perception of the Welfare of Animals in Traveling Circuses in The Netherlands.Hanneke J. Nijland, Noelle M. C. Aarts & Reint Jan Renes - 2013 - Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 26 (3):523-535.
    The results of an empirical study into the perceptions of “hands-on” experts concerning the welfare of (non-human) animals in traveling circuses in the Netherlands are presented. A qualitative approach, based on in-depth conversations with trainers/performers, former trainers/performers, veterinarians, and an owner of an animal shelter, conveyed several patterns in the contextual construction of perceptions and the use of dissonance reduction strategies. Perceptions were analyzed with the help of the Symbolic Convergence Theory and the model of the frame of reference, consisting (...)
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  45.  6
    A Matter of Matching: How Goals and Primes Affect Self-Agency Experiences.Anouk van der Weiden, Kirsten I. Ruys & Henk Aarts - 2013 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 142 (3):954-966.
  46. Sociology and Philosophy.Emile Durkheim - 1953 - Cohen & West.
  47. Control, Consciousness, and Agency.Ap Dijksterhuis & Henk Aarts - 2012 - In Henk Aarts & Andrew J. Elliot (eds.), Goal-Directed Behavior. Psychology Press.
  48. Primitive Classification.Emile Durkheim & Marcel Mauss - 2009 - Routledge.
    In this influential work, first published in English in 1963, Durkheim and Mauss claim that the individual mind is capable of classification and they seek the origin of the ‘classificatory function’ in society. On the basis of an intensive examination of forms and principles of symbolic classification reported from the Australian aborigines, the Zuñi and traditional China, they try to establish a formal correspondence between social and symbolic classification. From this they argue that the mode of classification is determined by (...)
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  49.  10
    Uncovering Effects of Self-Control and Stimulus-Driven Action Selection on the Sense of Agency.Yuru Wang, Tom G. E. Damen & Henk Aarts - 2017 - Consciousness and Cognition 55:245-253.
  50.  13
    Les règLes de la méthode sociologique.Émile Durkheim - 1894 - Revue Philosophique de la France Et de l'Etranger 38:14-39.
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