Results for 'Empiricism History'

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  1. Empiricism and History.Stephen Davies - 2003 - Palgrave.
    In the last 20 years postmodernism has had a powerful effect on the discipline of history and is now forcing empiricist historians to articulate their methods, and to defend them as both possible and virtuous. In this concise introduction, Stephen Davies explains what historians mean by empiricism, examines the origins, growth and persistence of empirical methods, and shows how students can apply these methods to their own work.
     
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  2. Empiricism's Medical History: A Review of Wolfe and Gal. [REVIEW]John Gascoigne - 2011 - Metascience 20 (2):299-301.
    Getting physical: Empiricism’s medical History Content Type Journal Article DOI 10.1007/s11016-010-9474-4 Authors John Gascoigne, School of History and Philosophy, University of New South Wales, Sydney, NSW 2056, Australia Journal Metascience Online ISSN 1467-9981 Print ISSN 0815-0796.
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  3.  94
    Invariance, Structure, Measurement – Eino Kaila and the History of Logical Empiricism.Matthias Neuber - 2012 - Theoria 78 (4):358-383.
    Eino Kaila's thought occupies a curious position within the logical empiricist movement. Along with Hans Reichenbach, Herbert Feigl, and the early Moritz Schlick, Kaila advocates a realist approach towards science and the project of a “scientific world conception”. This realist approach was chiefly directed at both Kantianism and Poincaréan conventionalism. The case in point was the theory of measurement. According to Kaila, the foundations of physical reality are characterized by the existence of invariant systems of relations, which he called structures. (...)
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  4. Embedding Logical Empiricism Into the History of Epistemology: Eino Kaila on Human Knowledge. [REVIEW]Elisabeth Nemeth - 2016 - Hopos: The Journal of the International Society for the History of Philosophy of Science 6 (1):148-157.
     
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    review of Charles T. Wolfe & Ofer Gal eds., The Body as Object and Instrument of Knowledge. Embodied Empiricism in Early Modern Science. Dordrecht, Springer (Studies in History and Philosophy of Science, vol. XXV), 2010, 349 p., 157,41 euros. [REVIEW]Claire Crignon - 2013 - Astérion 11.
    L’empirisme, comme mode de connaissance mais aussi comme tradition de pensée, a longtemps été négligé, que ce soit en histoire des sciences ou en histoire de la philosophie. Longtemps opposé au rationalisme, l’empirisme fait figure de mode de connaissance rhapsodique et non systématique. Associé au scepticisme, il est considéré comme une forme de renoncement à la connaissance, se contentant de décrire l’apparence des choses quand la véritable .
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  6. Logical Empiricism and the History and Sociology of Science.Elisabeth Nemeth - 2007 - In A. Richardson & T. Uebel (eds.), The Cambridge Companion to Logical Empiricism. Cambridge University Press. pp. 278--302.
  7.  2
    The Specificity of Logical Empiricism in the Twentieth-Century History of Scientific Philosophy.Enrico Viola - 2013 - Hopos: The Journal of the International Society for the History of Philosophy of Science 3 (2):191-209.
  8. Routledge History of Philosophy Volume V: British Empiricism and the Enlightenment.Stuart Brown (ed.) - 1995 - Routledge.
    European philosophy from the late seventeenth century through most of the eighteenth is broadly conceived as `the Enlightenment', the period of empirical reaction to the great seventeenth century Rationalists. This volume begins with Herbert of Cherbury and the Cambridge Platonists and with Newton and the early English Enlightenment. Locke is a key figure in late chapters, as a result of his importance both in the development of British and Irish philosophy and because of his seminal influence in the Enlightenment as (...)
     
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  9. Routledge History of Philosophy Volume V: British Empiricism and the Enlightenment.Stuart Brown (ed.) - 2003 - Routledge.
    European philosophy from the late seventeenth century through most of the eighteenth is broadly conceived as `the Enlightenment', the period of empirical reaction to the great seventeenth century Rationalists. This volume begins with Herbert of Cherbury and the Cambridge Platonists and with Newton and the early English Enlightenment. Locke is a key figure in late chapters, as a result of his importance both in the development of British and Irish philosophy and because of his seminal influence in the Enlightenment as (...)
     
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  10. History and the Future of Logical Empiricism.A. W. Carus - 2013 - In Erich H. Reck (ed.), The Historical Turn in Analytic Philosophy. Palgrave-Macmillan.
  11.  12
    Alan Richardson is Associate Professor of Philosophy at the University of British Columbia. He is the Author of Many Essays in History of Philoso-Phy of Science and of the Monograph, Carnap's Construction of the World: The Aufbau and the Emergence of Logical Empiricism (Cambridge University Press, 1998). He is a Co-Editor of Origins of Logical Empiricism (University). [REVIEW]Daniela M. Bailer-Jones - 2002 - Perspectives on Science 10 (3).
  12. Rationalism, Empiricism, and Idealism: British Academy Lectures on the History of Philosophy.Anthony Kenny (ed.) - 1986 - Oxford University Press.
    This collection includes papers by such leading thinkers as Michael Ayers, J.A. Passmore, Ian Hacking, Hide Ishiguro, G.E.M. Anscombe, David Pears, A.M. Quinton, and Richard Wollheim.
     
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  13. Metaphilosophy and the History of the Philosophy of Science-Relations Between Philosophy of Science and Sociology of Science in Central Europe, 1914-1945-Logical Empiricism and the Sociology Of. [REVIEW]Alan W. Richardson & Thomas E. Uebel - 2000 - Philosophy of Science 67 (3).
     
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  14.  3
    An Empiricist Philosophy of Mathematics and its Implications for the History of Mathematics.Donald Gillies - 2000 - In Emily Grosholz & Herbert Breger (eds.), The Growth of Mathematical Knowledge. Kluwer Academic Publishers. pp. 41--57.
  15.  15
    Getting Physical: Empiricism's Medical History.John Gascoigne - 2011 - Metascience 20 (2):299-301.
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    Logical Empiricism and the History of Philosophy.William Barrett - 1939 - Journal of Philosophy 36 (5):124-132.
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    Empiricism and Traditionalism in the Philosophy of History of Ibn Khaldūn.Richard Bosley - 1967 - Dialogue 6 (2):166-180.
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  18. William Dean, "American Religious Empiricism" and "History Making History: The New Historicism in American Religious Thought". [REVIEW]Robert S. Corrington - 1989 - Journal of Speculative Philosophy 3 (3):223.
     
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  19. Charles T. Wolfe et Ofer Gal éd., The Body as Object and Instrument of Knowledge. Embodied Empiricism in Early Modern Science. Dordrecht, Springer (Studies in History and Philosophy of Science, vol. XXV), 2010, 349 p., 157,41 euros. [REVIEW]Claire Crignon - 2013 - Astérion 11.
    L’empirisme, comme mode de connaissance mais aussi comme tradition de pensée, a longtemps été négligé, que ce soit en histoire des sciences ou en histoire de la philosophie. Longtemps opposé au rationalisme, l’empirisme fait figure de mode de connaissance rhapsodique et non systématique. Associé au scepticisme, il est considéré comme une forme de renoncement à la connaissance, se contentant de décrire l’apparence des choses quand la véritable ..
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  20. On Applying Learnability Theory to the Rationalism-Empiricism Controversy in An Intimate Relation. Studies in the History and Philosophy of Science.W. Demopoulos - 1989 - Boston Studies in the Philosophy of Science 116:429-440.
  21. Empiricism and History. By Stephen Davies.B. Gubman - 2005 - The European Legacy 10 (7):755.
     
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  22. Realism for Shopkeepers| Behaviouralist Notes on Constructive Empiricism in An Intimate Relation. Studies in the History and Philosophy of Science.Jm Nicholas - 1989 - Boston Studies in the Philosophy of Science 116:459-476.
  23. Experience and Causal Explanation in Medical Empiricism in Greek Studies in the Philosophy and History of Science.T. Pentzpoulou-Valalas - 1990 - Boston Studies in the Philosophy of Science 121:91-107.
     
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  24. Neither Logical Empiricism nor Vitalism, but Organicism: What the Philosophy of Biology Was.Daniel J. Nicholson & Richard Gawne - 2015 - History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 37 (4):345-381.
    Philosophy of biology is often said to have emerged in the last third of the twentieth century. Prior to this time, it has been alleged that the only authors who engaged philosophically with the life sciences were either logical empiricists who sought to impose the explanatory ideals of the physical sciences onto biology, or vitalists who invoked mystical agencies in an attempt to ward off the threat of physicochemical reduction. These schools paid little attention to actual biological science, and as (...)
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  25. Language and Empiricism: After the Vienna Circle.Siobhan Chapman - 2008 - Palgrave-Macmillan.
    This book compares attitudes to empiricism in language study from mid-twentieth century philosophy of language and from present-day linguistics. It focuses on responses to the logical positivism of the Vienna Circle, particularly in the work of British philosopher J. L. Austin and the much less well-known work of Norwegian philosopher Arne Naess.
     
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  26.  53
    The Rhetoric of Empiricism: Language and Perception From Locke to I.A. Richards.Law Jules David - 1993 - Cornell University Press.
    Introduction EMPIRICISM DOES NOT stand in very high repute among literary theorists these days. Regarded generally as a discredited philosophical paradigm ...
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  27.  4
    The Significance of Temminck's Work on Biogeography: Early Nineteenth Century Natural History in Leiden, the Netherlands. [REVIEW]M. Eulàlia Gassó Miracle - 2008 - Journal of the History of Biology 41 (4):677 - 716.
    C. J. Temminck, director of the Rijksmuseum van Natuurlijke Historie (now the National Museum of Natural History in Leiden) and a renowned ornithologist, gained his contemporary's respect thanks to the description of many new species and to his detailed monographs on birds. He also published a small number of works on biogeography describing the fauna of the Dutch colonies in South East Asia and Japan. These works are remarkable for two reasons. First, in them Temminck accurately described the species (...)
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  28. The Cartesian Empiricism of François Bayle.Thomas M. Lennon - 1992 - Garland.
  29. Appropriating Kuhn’s Philosophical Legacy. Three Attempts: Logical Empiricism, Structuralism, and Neokantianism.Andoni Ibarra & Thomas Mormann - 2010 - Cadernos de Filosofia Das Ciencias 8:65 - 102.
    In this paper we discuss three examples of the appropriation of Kuhn’s ideas in philosophy of science. First we deal with classical logical empiricism. Perhaps somewhat surprisingly, the arch-logical empiricist Carnap considered Kuhn’s socio-historical account as a useful complementation, and not as a threat of the philosophy of science of logical empiricism. As a second example we consider the attempt of the so-called struc- turalist philosophy of science to provide a “rational reconstruction” of Kuhn’s approach. Finally, we will (...)
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  30.  34
    A Forgotten Strand of Reception History: Understanding Pure Semantics.Peter Olen - 2017 - Synthese 194 (1):121-141.
    I explore a strand of reception history that follows Rudolf Carnap’s shift from a purely syntactical analysis of constructed languages to his conception of pure semantics. My exploration focuses on Gustav Bergmann’s and Everett Hall’s interpretation of pure semantics, their understanding of what constitutes a ’formal’ investigation of language, and their arguments concerning the relationship between expressions and their extra-linguistic referents. I argue that Bergmann and Hall strongly misread Carnap’s semantic project and, subsequently, their misunderstanding is passed down through (...)
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  31.  25
    'The Spatial Quale': A Corrective to James's Radical Empiricism.Brenda Jubin - 1977 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 15 (2):212-216.
    "Space," William James confessed, "is [both] a direfully difficult subject [and the] driest of subjects.'" Nonetheless, convinced that most previous accounts of space were either incoherent or mythological, he set out to describe space as it is actually experienced. His first effort, "The Spatial Quale," appeared in The Journal of Speculative Philosophy in 1879. 2 This article is historically important; as Ralph Barton Perry notes, "his peculiar view of the amplitude and eonnectedness of experience seems to have begun with the (...)
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  32.  9
    Nominalism and History.Cody Franchetti - 2013 - Open Journal of Philosophy 3 (3):401-412.
    The paper focuses on Nominalism in history, its application, and its historiographical implications. By engaging with recent scholarship as well as classic works, a survey of Nominalism’s role in the discipline of history is made; such examination is timely, since it has been done but scantily in a purely historical context. In the light of recent theoretical works, which often display aporias over the nature and method of historical enquiry, the paper offers new considerations on historical theory, which (...)
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  33. Locke, Pyrard, and Coconuts: Travel Literature As Natural History.Patrick J. Connolly - manuscript
    Locke had a lifelong love of travel literature. He was also a proponent of the construction of natural histories. Many commentators have noted that there is a close link between these two interests. They suggest that data gleaned from travel literature was used in the construction of natural histories. This paper uses Locke’s reading of François Pyrard’s Voyage to argue that the relationship between the two genres was closer than has been realized. Specifically, it is argued that Pyrard’s discussion of (...)
     
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  34.  23
    Carnap and Kuhn: On the Relation Between the Logic of Science and the History of Science. [REVIEW]Thomas Uebel - 2011 - Journal for General Philosophy of Science / Zeitschrift für Allgemeine Wissenschaftstheorie 42 (1):129 - 140.
    This paper offers a refutation of J. C. Pinto de Oliveira's recent critique of revisionist Carnap scholarship as giving undue weight to two brief letters to Kuhn expressing his interest in the latter's work. First an argument is provided to show that Carnap and Kuhn are by no means divided by a radical mismatch of their conceptions of the rationality of science as supposedly evidenced by their stance towards the distinction of the contexts of discovery and justification. This is followed (...)
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  35.  7
    Friedrich Stadler, The Vienna Circle: Studies in the Origins, Development, and Influence of Logical Empiricism. Reviewed By. [REVIEW]Adam Tamas Tuboly - 2016 - Philosophy in Review 36 (1):26-29.
  36. Metaphysics and British Empiricism.Robert L. Armstrong - 1970 - Lincoln, University of Nebraska Press.
  37.  35
    Newton's Substance Monism, Distant Action, and the Nature of Newton's Empiricism: Discussion of H. Kochiras “Gravity and Newton's Substance Counting Problem”.Eric Schliesser - 2011 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 42 (1):160-166.
    This paper is a critical response to Hylarie Kochiras’ “Gravity and Newton’s substance counting problem,” Studies in History and Philosophy of Science 40 267–280. First, the paper argues that Kochiras conflates substances and beings; it proceeds to show that Newton is a substance monist. The paper argues that on methodological grounds Newton has adequate resources to respond to the metaphysical problems diagnosed by Kochiras. Second, the paper argues against the claim that Newton is committed to two speculative doctrines attributed (...)
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  38. From Locke to Materialism: Empiricism, the Brain and the Stirrings of Ontology.Charles T. Wolfe - forthcoming - In A. L. Rey S. Bodenmann (ed.), 18th-Century Empiricism and the Sciences.
    My topic is the materialist appropriation of empiricism – as conveyed in the ‘minimal credo’ nihil est in intellectu quod non fuerit in sensu (which interestingly is not just a phrase repeated from Hobbes and Locke to Diderot, but is also a medical phrase, used by Harvey, Mandeville and others). That is, canonical empiricists like Locke go out of their way to state that their project to investigate and articulate the ‘logic of ideas’ is not a scientific project: “I (...)
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  39.  6
    The Continuing Modesty of History.Elizabeth Deeds Ermarth - 2012 - History and Theory 51 (3):381-396.
    ABSTRACTThe critique of conventional historical writing has been emergent for a century—it is not the work of a few—and it has immense practical implications for Western society, perhaps especially in English‐speaking countries. Involved are such issues as the decline of representation, the nature of causality, the definitions of identity or time or system, to name only a few. Conventional historians are quite right to consider this a challenge to everything they assume in order to do their work. The challenge is, (...)
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  40. Anticipations of Hans Georg Gadamer’s Epistemology of History in Benedetto Croce’s Philosophy of History.Cody Franchetti - 2013 - Open Journal of Philosophy 3 (2):273-277.
    In "Truth and Method" Hans Georg Gadamer revealed hermeneutics as one of the foundational epistemological elements of history, in contrast to scientific method, which, with empiricism, constitutes natural sciences’ epistemology. This important step solved a number of long-standing arguments over the ontology of history, which had become increasingly bitter in the twentieth century. But perhaps Gadamer’s most important contribution was that he annulled history’s supposed inferiority to the natural sciences by showing that the knowledge it offers, (...)
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  41.  51
    Difference and Givenness: Deleuze's Transcendental Empiricism and the Ontology of Immanence.Levi R. Bryant - 2008 - Northwestern University Press.
    From one end of his philosophical work to the other, Gilles Deleuze consistently described his position as a transcendental empiricism. But just what is transcendental about Deleuze’s transcendental empiricism? And how does his position fit with the traditional empiricism articulated by Hume? In Difference and Givenness , Levi Bryant addresses these long-neglected questions so critical to an understanding of Deleuze’s thinking. Through a close examination of Deleuze’s independent work--focusing especially on Difference and Repetition-- as well as his (...)
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  42. Rethinking Empiricism and Materialism: The Revisionist View.Charles T. Wolfe - 2010 - Annales Philosophici 1 (1):101-113.
    There is an enduring story about empiricism, which runs as follows: from Locke onwards to Carnap, empiricism is the doctrine in which raw sense-data are received through the passive mechanism of perception; experience is the effect produced by external reality on the mind or ‘receptors’. Empiricism on this view is the ‘handmaiden’ of experimental natural science, seeking to redefine philosophy and its methods in conformity with the results of modern science. Secondly, there is a story about materialism, (...)
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  43. Embodied Empiricism.Charles T. Wolfe - 2010 - In Charles T. Wolfe & Ofer Gal (eds.), The Body as object and instrument of knowledge. Springer. pp. 1--6.
    This is the introduction to a collection of essays on 'embodied empiricism' in early modern philosophy and the life sciences - papers on Harvey, Glisson, Locke, Hume, Bonnet, Lamarck, on anatomy and physiology, on medicine and natural history, etc.
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    Kaila's Reception of Hume.Jani Hakkarainen - 2012 - Acta Philosophica Fennica 89:147-162.
    In this paper, I discuss Eino Kaila's (1890-1958) understanding of David Hume. Kaila was one of the leading Finnish philosophers of the 20th century and a correspondent of the Vienna Circle. He introduced logical empiricism into Finland and taught Georg Henrik von Wright. Final draft.
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  45.  43
    Kant and the Empiricists: Understanding Understanding.Wayne Waxman - 2005 - Oxford University Press.
    Wayne Waxman here presents an ambitious and comprehensive attempt to link the philosophers of what are known as the British Empiricists--Locke, Berkeley, and Hume--to the philosophy of German philosopher Immanuel Kant. Much has been written about all these thinkers, who are among the most influential figures in the Western tradition. Waxman argues that, contrary to conventional wisdom, Kant is actually the culmination of the British empiricist program and that he shares their methodological assumptions and basic convictions about human thought and (...)
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  46.  84
    But What Then Am I, This Inexhaustible, Unfathomable Historical Self? Or, Upon What Ground May One Commit Empiricism?Alan Richardson - 2011 - Synthese 178 (1):143 - 154.
    This essay examines the perspective from which Bas van Fraassen, in his book, The Empirical Stance, explains the project of empiricism. I argue that this perspective is a robustly transcendental perspective, which suggests that the tradition of empiricism lacks the resources to explain itself. I offer an alternative history of epistemic voluntarism in twentieth-century philosophy to the history van Fraassen himself provides, one that finds the novelty in van Fraassen's own views to be precisely his reintroduction (...)
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  47. The Oxford History of Western Philosophy.Anthony Kenny (ed.) - 1994 - Oxford University Press.
    From Plato's Republic and St. Augustine's Confessions through Marx's Capital and Sartre's Being and Nothingness, the extraordinary philosophical dialogue between great Western minds has flourished unabated through the ages. Dazzling in its genius and breadth, the long line of European and American intellectual discourse tells a remarkable story--a quest for truth and wisdom that continues to shape our most basic ideas about human nature and the world around us. That quest is brilliantly brought to life in The Oxford History (...)
     
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  48.  28
    The Oxford Illustrated History of Western Philosophy.Anthony Kenny (ed.) - 1994 - Oxford University Press.
    Written by a team of distinguished scholars, this is an authoritative and comprehensive history of Western philosophy from its earliest beginnings to the present day. Illustrated with over 150 color and black-and-white pictures, chosen to illuminate and complement the text, this lively and readable work is an ideal introduction to philosophy for anyone interested in the history of ideas. From Plato's Republic and St. Augustine's Confessions through Marx's Capital and Sartre's Being and Nothingness, the extraordinary philosophical dialogue between (...)
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  49. The Rise of Empiricism: William James, Thomas Hill Green, and the Struggle Over Psychology.Alexander Klein - 2007 - Dissertation, Indiana University, Bloomington
    The concept of empiricism evokes both a historical tradition and a set of philosophical theses. The theses are usually understood to have been developed by Locke, Berkeley, and Hume. But these figures did not use the term “empiricism,” and they did not see themselves as united by a shared epistemology into one school of thought. My dissertation analyzes the debate that elevated the concept of empiricism (and of an empiricist tradition) to prominence in English-language philosophy. -/- In (...)
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    Philosophy, Science, and History: A Guide and Reader.Lydia Patton (ed.) - 2014 - Routledge.
    Philosophy, Science, and History: A Guide and Reader is a compact overview of HOPOS that aims to introduce students to the groundwork of the field. Part I of the Reader begins with classic texts in the history of logical empiricism, including Reichenbach's discovery-justification distinction. With careful reference to Kuhn's analysis of scientific revolutions, the section provides key texts analyzing the relationship of HOPOS to the history of science, including texts by Santayana, Rudwick, and Shapin and Schaffer. (...)
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