Results for 'Endla L��hkivi'

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  1. Epistemic Injustice in Research Evaluation: A Cultural Analysis of the Humanities and Physics in Estonia.Endla Lõhkivi, Katrin Velbaum & Jaana Eigi - 2012 - Studia Philosophica Estonica 5 (2):108-132.
    This paper explores the issue of epistemic injustice in research evaluation. Through an analysis of the disciplinary cultures of physics and humanities, we attempt to identify some aims and values specific to the disciplinary areas. We suggest that credibility is at stake when the cultural values and goals of a discipline contradict those presupposed by official evaluation standards. Disciplines that are better aligned with the epistemic assumptions of evaluation standards appear to produce more "scientific" findings. To restore epistemic justice in (...)
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  2.  52
    Guest Editorial: Philosophy of Science in Practice and Practical Realism.Endla Lõhkivi & Rein Vihalemm - 2012 - Studia Philosophica Estonica 5 (2):1-6.
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  3. II—L. A. Paul: Categorical Priority and Categorical Collapse.L. A. Paul - 2013 - Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume 87 (1):89-113.
    I explore some of the ways that assumptions about the nature of substance shape metaphysical debates about the structure of Reality. Assumptions about the priority of substance play a role in an argument for monism, are embedded in certain pluralist metaphysical treatments of laws of nature, and are central to discussions of substantivalism and relationalism. I will then argue that we should reject such assumptions and collapse the categorical distinction between substance and property.
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  4.  22
    Herman Boerhaave—Communis Europae Praeceptor.Endla Lõhkivi - 2001 - In Rein Vihalemm (ed.), Estonian Studies in the History and Philosophy of Science. Dordrecht, NL, Boston, USA, London, UK: Kluwer Academic Publishers. pp. 139--150.
  5. On Representing ‘True-in-L’ in L.Robert L. Martin - 1975 - Philosophia 5 (3):213-217.
  6.  11
    Levinas, Løgstrup, and the Idea of Command.Michael L. Morgan - 2020 - The Monist 103 (1):63-82.
    Robert Stern has argued that Levinas is a kind of command theorist and that, for this reason, Løgstrup can be understood to have provided an argument against Levinas. In this paper, I discuss Levinas’s use of the vocabulary of demand, order, and command in the light of Jewish philosophical accounts of such notions in the work of Martin Buber, Franz Rosenzweig, and Emil Fackenheim. These accounts revise the traditional Jewish idea of command and I show that Levinas’s use of this (...)
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  7.  80
    Book Review:The Miracle of Theism: Arguments for and Against the Existence of God. J. L. Mackie. [REVIEW]Steven L. Ross - 1982 - Ethics 94 (4):718-.
  8.  36
    L’oggettività Del Pensiero. La Filosofia Di Hegel Tra Idealismo, Anti-idealismo E Realismo: Un’introduzione.L. Illetterati - 2007 - Verifiche: Rivista Trimestrale di Scienze Umane 36 (1-4):13-31.
    Thought, according to Hegel, is not only the product of a faculty of a subject, or a means by which a thinking subject tries to grasp a world that is alien to him. It is also the very structure of the world, that is disclosed to a subject through the thinking activity of a subject. The fundamental question that crosses the whole post-Kantian philosophy is that of the relation between thought and reality, i.e. the question of whether reality depends on (...)
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  9.  89
    Two Theories of the Good: L. W. SUMNER.L. W. Sumner - 1992 - Social Philosophy and Policy 9 (2):1-14.
    Suppose that the ultimate point of ethics is to make the world a better place. If it is, we must face the question: better in what respect? If the good is prior to the right — that is, if the rationale for all requirements of the right is that they serve to further the good in one way or another — then what is this good? Is there a single fundamental value capable of underlying and unifying all of our moral (...)
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  10.  20
    Positive Sexism*: L. W. SUMINER.L. W. Sumner - 1987 - Social Philosophy and Policy 5 (1):204-222.
    No one who cares about equal opportunity can derive much comfort from the present occupational distribution of working women. In the various industrial societies of the West, women comprise between one quarter and one-half of the national labor force. However, they tend to clustered in employment sectors – especially clerical, sales, and service J occupations – which rank relatively low in remuneration, status, autonomy, and other perquisites. Meanwhile, the more prestigious and rewarding managerial and professional positions, as well as the (...)
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  11.  56
    Epistemics & Economics: A Critique of Economic Doctrines. G. L. S. Shackle.L. A. Boland - 1974 - Philosophy of Science 41 (4):424-426.
  12.  22
    The Political Philosophy of Hobbes: Its Basis and its Genesis.La Pensee Et L'influence de Th. Hobbes. [REVIEW]S. P. L. - 1937 - Journal of Philosophy 34 (3):74-76.
  13.  10
    L'introspection.L. Dugas - 1911 - Revue Philosophique de la France Et de l'Etranger 72:606 - 626.
  14.  83
    Duane L. Cady -- Backing Into Pacifism.Duane L. Cady - 1984 - Philosophy and Social Criticism 10 (3-4):173-180.
  15.  78
    Is Virtue Its Own Reward?: L. W. SUMNER.L. W. Sumner - 1998 - Social Philosophy and Policy 15 (1):18-36.
    If I lead a life of virtue, that may well be good for you. But will it also be good for me? The idea that it will—or even must—is an ancient one, and its appeal runs deep. For if this idea is correct then we can provide everyone with a good reason—arguably the best reason—for being virtuous. However, for all the effort which has been invested in defending the idea, by some of the best minds in the history of philosophy, (...)
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  16. Moral Disagreement and Moral Relativism*: NICHOLAS L. STURGEON.Nicholas L. Sturgeon - 1994 - Social Philosophy and Policy 11 (1):80-115.
    In any society influenced by a plurality of cultures, there will be widespread, systematic differences about at least some important values, including moral values. Many of these differences look like deep disagreements, difficult to resolve objectively if that is possible at all. One common response to the suspicion that these disagreements are unsettleable has always been moral relativism. In the flurry of sympathetic treatments of this doctrine in the last two decades, attention has understandably focused on the simpler case in (...)
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  17. Lon L. Fuller, Gustav Radbruch, and the “Positivist” Theses.Stanley L. Paulson - 1994 - Law and Philosophy 13 (3):313 - 359.
  18. Schellenberg on Divine Hiddenness and Religious Scepticism: MARK L. McCREARY.Mark L. Mccreary - 2010 - Religious Studies 46 (2):207-225.
    J. L. Schellenberg has constructed major arguments for atheism based on divine hiddenness in two separate works. This paper reviews these arguments and highlights how they are grounded in reflections on perfect divine love. However, Schellenberg also defends what he calls the ‘subject mode’ of religious scepticism. I argue that if one accepts Schellenberg's scepticism, then the foundation of his divine-hiddenness arguments is undermined by calling into question some of his conclusions regarding perfect divine love. In other words, if his (...)
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  19. Mechanisms of Adaptive Behavior: Clark L. Hull's Theoretical Papers, with Commentary.Clark L. Hull, A. Amsel & M. E. Rashotte - 1985 - Behaviorism 13 (2):171-182.
  20.  13
    H. A. L. Fisher and the Teachers.L. O. Ward - 1974 - British Journal of Educational Studies 22 (2):191-199.
  21.  20
    Kenneth L. Pike and Science Fiction.Dinda L. Gorlée - 2015 - Semiotica 2015 (207):217-231.
    Name der Zeitschrift: Semiotica Jahrgang: 2015 Heft: 207 Seiten: 217-231.
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  22. Incorporationism, Conventionality, and the Practical Difference Thesis: Jules L. Coleman.Jules L. Coleman - 1998 - Legal Theory 4 (4):381-425.
    H.L.A. Hart's The Concept of Law is the most important and influential book in the legal positivist tradition. Though its importance is undisputed, there is a good deal less consensus regarding its core commitments, both methodological and substantive. With the exception of an occasional essay, Hart neither further developed nor revised his position beyond the argument of the book. The burden of shaping the prevailing understanding of his views, therefore, has fallen to others: notably, Joseph Raz among positivists, and Ronald (...)
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  23.  77
    Beyond Self-Interest and Altruism: A Reconstruction of Adam Smith's Theory of Human Conduct: Elias L. Khalil.Elias L. Khalil - 1990 - Economics and Philosophy 6 (2):255-273.
    I attempt a reconstruction of Adam Smith's view of human nature as explicated in The Theory of Moral Sentiments. Smith's view of human conduct is neither functionalist nor reductionist, but interactionist. The moral autonomy of the individual, conscience, is neither made a function of public approval nor reduced to self-contained impulses of altruism and egoism. Smith does not see human conduct as a blend of independently defined impulses. Rather, conduct is unified, by the underpinning sentiment of sympathy.
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  24. II—Jonathan L. Kvanvig: Millar on the Value of Knowledge.Jonathan L. Kvanvig - 2011 - Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume 85 (1):83-99.
    Alan Millar's paper (2011) involves two parts, which I address in order, first taking up the issues concerning the goal of inquiry, and then the issues surrounding the appeal to reflective knowledge. I argue that the upshot of the considerations Millar raises count in favour of a more important role in value-driven epistemology for the notion of understanding and for the notion of epistemic justification, rather than for the notions of knowledge and reflective knowledge.
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  25.  7
    L'AGWN dans la tragedie grecque.T. B. L. Webster & J. Duchemin - 1945 - Journal of Hellenic Studies 65:128-129.
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  26.  22
    The Lonely Crowd: A Study of the Changing American Character. By R. L. Meier and E. C. Banfield.R. L. Meier - 1951 - Ethics 62 (2):135-136.
  27.  86
    Positive Retributivism: C. L. TEN.C. L. Ten - 1990 - Social Philosophy and Policy 7 (2):194-208.
    One dark and rainy night, Yuso sexually assaults and tortures Zelan. In escaping from the scene of his crime, he falls heavily and becomes an impotent paraplegic. Instead of treating his fate as divine retribution for his wicked acts, Yuso sees it as sheer bad luck. He shows no remorse for what he has done, and vainly hopes that he will recover his powers, which he now treats as involuntarily hoarded resources to be used on less rainy days. In the (...)
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  28.  52
    The Polis and its Analogues in the Thought of Hannah Arendt: David L. Marshall.David L. Marshall - 2010 - Modern Intellectual History 7 (1):123-149.
    Criticized as a nostalgic anachronism by those who oppose her version of political theory and lauded as symbol of direct democratic participation by those who favor it, the Athenian polis features prominently in Hannah Arendt's account of politics. This essay traces the origin and development of Arendt's conception of the polis as a space of appearance from the early 1950s onward. It makes particular use of the Denktagebuch, Arendt's intellectual diary, in order to shed new light on the historicity of (...)
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  29. The Greatest Happiness Principle*: T. L. S. Sprigge.T. L. S. Sprigge - 1991 - Utilitas 3 (1):37-51.
    My purpose in what follows is not so much to defend the basic principle of utilitarianism as to indicate the form of it which seems most promising as a basic moral and political position. I shall take the principle of utility as offering a criterion for two different sorts of evaluation: first, the merits of acts of government, social policies, and social institutions, and secondly, the ultimate moral evaluation of the actions of individuals. I do not take it as implying (...)
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  30. Supervision and Early Career Work Experiences of Estonian Humanities Researchers Under the Conditions of Project-Based Funding.Jaana Eigi, Pille Põiklik, Endla Lõhkivi & Katrin Velbaum - 2014 - Higher Education Policy 27 (4):453 - 468.
    We analyze a series of interviews with Estonian humanities researchers to explore topics related to the beginning of academic careers and the relationships with supervisors and mentors. We show how researchers strive to have meaningful relationships and produce what they consider quality research in the conditions of a system that is very strongly oriented towards internationalization and project-based funding, where their efforts are compromised by a lack of policies helping them establish a stable position in academia. Leaving researchers to face (...)
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  31.  14
    Kenneth L. Pike’s Semiotic Work.Dinda L. Gorlée & Myrdene Anderson - 2011 - American Journal of Semiotics 27 (1/4):243 - 255.
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  32.  17
    Les Nécropoles Chrétiennes de l'Isaurie.L. Duchesne - 1880 - Bulletin de Correspondance Hellénique 4 (1):195-205.
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  33.  6
    La division et l'unité du politique de Platon.Dimitri E. L. Murr - 2005 - Les Etudes Philosophiques 74 (3):295.
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  34.  9
    La Colonisation Grecque de l'Italie Meridionale Et de la Sicile Dans L'Antiquite. [REVIEW]L. H. Jeffery & J. Berard - 1958 - Journal of Hellenic Studies 78:155-156.
  35. Response to Tucker on Hiddenness: J. L. SCHELLENBERG.J. L. Schellenberg - 2008 - Religious Studies 44 (3):289-293.
    Chris Tucker's paper on the hiddenness argument seeks to turn aside a way of defending the latter which he calls the value argument. But the value argument can withstand Tucker's criticisms. In any case, an alternative argument capable of doing the same job is suggested by his own emphasis on free will.
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  36. Act Utilitarianism and Decision Procedures: Robert L. Frazier.Robert L. Frazier - 1994 - Utilitas 6 (1):43-53.
    A standard objection to act utilitarian theories is that they are not helpful in deciding what it is morally permissible for us to do when we actually have to make a choice between alternatives. That is, such theories are worthless as decision procedures. A standard reply to this objection is that act utilitarian theories can be evaluated solely as theories about right-making characteristics and, when so evaluated, their inadequacy as decision procedures is irrelevant. Even if somewhat unappealing, this is an (...)
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  37.  54
    Averroes' Middle and Long Commentaries on the De Anima*: ALFRED L. IVRY.Alfred L. Ivry - 1995 - Arabic Sciences and Philosophy 5 (1):75-92.
    This article claims that Averroes wrote his Middle Commentary on the De anima after he composed both his Short and Long commentaries. A close comparison of the two texts proves that he had the Long commentary before him when composing the Middle. This has implications both for the development of Averroes' doctrine of the intellect, and for understanding Averroes' style of composing commentaries. On se propose d'établir dans cet article qu'Averroès a rédigé son Moyen commentaire sur le De Anima après (...)
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  38.  24
    L'Epire de la Mort de Pyrrhos a la Conquete Romaine. [REVIEW]N. G. L. Hammond & P. Cabanes - 1977 - Journal of Hellenic Studies 97:207-208.
  39. Olasılık Felsefelerine Bir Bakış.Berna Kılınç - 2001 - Felsefe Tartismalari 28:61-76.
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  40. Acquiring the Notion of a Dependent Designation: A Response to Douglas L. Berger.Jay L. Garfield & Jan Westerhoff - 2011 - Philosophy East and West 61 (2):365-367.
    In a recent issue of Philosophy East and West Douglas Berger defends a new reading of Mūlamadhyamakakārikā XXIV : 18, arguing that most contemporary translators mistranslate the important term prajñaptir upādāya, misreading it as a compound indicating "dependent designation" or something of the sort, instead of taking it simply to mean "this notion, once acquired." He attributes this alleged error, pervasive in modern scholarship, to Candrakīrti, who, Berger correctly notes, argues for the interpretation he rejects.Berger's analysis, and the reading of (...)
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  41. BRISTOL, L. M. -Social Adaptation. [REVIEW]W. L. M. W. L. M. - 1917 - Mind 26:110.
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  42.  2
    Aristotele E l'Idea Della Filosofia.L. LUGARINI - 1961 - La Nuova Italia.
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  43.  56
    The Law of the Jungle: Moral Alternatives and Principles of Evolution: J. L. Mackie.John L. Mackie - 1978 - Philosophy 53 (206):455-464.
    When people speak of ‘the law of the jungle’, they usually mean unions restrained and ruthless competition, with everyone out solely for his own advantage. But the phrase was coined by Rudyard Kipling, in The Second Jungle Book , and he meant something very different. His law of the jungle is a law that wolves in a pack are supposed to obey. His poem says that ‘the strength of the Pack is the Wolf, and the strength of the Wolf is (...)
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  44.  26
    Iscrizioni Agonistiche Greche. By L. Moretti. Pp. Xvi + 286. Rome: A. Signorelli, 1953. L. 1500.P. M. Fraser & L. Moretti - 1955 - Journal of Hellenic Studies 75:185-186.
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  45.  16
    L'histoire du catharisme en discussion: Le "Concile" de Saint-Félix Monique Zerner.Fredric L. Cheyette - 2004 - Speculum 79 (1):288-290.
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  46.  24
    Words and Intentions: Edmond L. Wright.Edmond L. Wright - 1977 - Philosophy 52 (199):45-62.
    The relationship of word-meaning to speaker's-meaning has not been examined thoroughly enough. Some philosophical problems are solved and others made plainer if the full consequences of a proper relationship between these two is worked out.
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  47.  13
    Le meme et l'autre dans la structure ontologique du Timee de Platon: un commentaire systematique du Timee de Platon. [REVIEW]G. B. Kerferd & L. Brisson - 1979 - Journal of Hellenic Studies 99:176-177.
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  48.  16
    Issues in Contemporary Legal Philosophy: The Influence of H.L.A. Hart.H. L. A. Hart & Ruth Gavison (eds.) - 1987 - Oxford University Press.
    This is a collection of essays on themes of legal philosophy which have all been generated or affected by Hart's work. The topics covered include legal theory, responsibility, and enforcement of morals, with contributions from Ronald Dworkin, Rolf Sartorius, Neil MacCormach, David Lyons, Kent Greenawalt, Michael Moore, Joseph Raz, and C.L. Ten, among others.
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  49.  28
    Robert L. Campbell's Essay, “An End to Over and Against”.Jennifer Burns, Mimi Reisel Gladstein, Anne Conover Heller & Robert L. Campbell - 2014 - Journal of Ayn Rand Studies 14 (1):80-91.
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  50.  17
    Emil L. Post. Finite Combinatory Processes—Formulation 1. The Journal of Symbolic Logic, Vol. 1 , Pp. 103–105.Alonzo Church & Emil L. Post - 1937 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 2 (1):43.
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