Results for 'English language Semantics'

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  1.  12
    Comparative Spatial Semantics and Language Acquisition: Evidence From Danish, English, and Japanese.Chris Sinha, Lis A. Thorseng, Mariko Hayashi & Kim Plunkett - 1994 - Journal of Semantics 11 (4):253-287.
    Spatial relational meaning is typically predominantly expressed in English and related languages by die locative particle system. Even between closely related languages such as Danish and English, there are substantial differences with respect to both the semantics and the morphology of locative particles. Other languages (including Japanese), although they may use locative particles in spatial relational expression, distribute spatial relational meaning quite differendy between and within form classes. We investigate the consequences of these differences for the acquisition (...)
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  2.  8
    The Way a Language Changes: How Historical Semantics Helps Us to Understand the Emergence of the English Exchequer.Ulla Kypta - 2015 - Contributions to the History of Concepts 10 (2):29-47.
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  3. Meaning and Change of Meaning: With Special Reference to the English Language.Gustaf Stern - 1975 - Greenwood Press.
     
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  4. Theory and Practice of Historical Semantics: The Case of Middle English and Early Modern English Synonyms of Girl/Young Women.Grzegorz Kleparski - 1997 - University Press of the Catholic University of Lublin.
     
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  5. Galicia Studies in Language: Historical Semantics Brought to the Fore.Beata Kopecka, Marta Pikor-Niedziałek, Agnieszka Uberman & Grzegorz Kleparski (eds.) - 2012 - Wydawn. Tawa.
     
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  6. Natural Language Semantics and Guise Theory.Francesco Orilia - 1986 - Dissertation, Indiana University
    I assume that the task of natural language semantics is to provide an unambiguous logical language into which natural language can be translated in such a way that the translating expressions display a structure which is isomorphic to the meaning of the translated expressions. Since language is a means of thinking and communicating mental contents, the meanings of singular terms cannot be the individuals of the substratist tradition, because such individuals are not cognizable entities. Thus (...)
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  7. Referential-Semantic Analysis: Aspects of a Theory of Linguistic Reference.Torben Thrane - 1980 - Cambridge University Press.
    Dr Thrane makes an original contribution to one of the central topics in syntax and semantics: the nature and mechanisms of reference in natural language. He makes a fundamental distinction between syntactic analyses that are internal to the structure of a language and analyses of the referential properties that connect a language with the 'outside world' - and therefore derive in some sense from common human capacities for perceptual discrimination. Dr Thrane argues that the failure to (...)
     
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  8.  9
    Arriving Events in English and Spanish : A Contrastive Analysis in Terms of Frame Semantics.Maria Cristobal - 2001 - Analysis 510:1-77.
    This paper presents a detailed contrastive frame semantic analysis of arriving events in English and Spanish, attested through a corpus study. The framework and methodology of our research follows the FrameNet II Research Project housed at ICSI. First, we present a formal description of the Arriving frame as a subframe of the Motion frame: arriving encodes a basic subpart of our conceptualization of motion, namely the transition from moving to arriving at a goal. Second, we carry out a cross-linguistic (...)
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  9.  12
    Two New Challenges for the Modal Account of the Progressive.Douglas J. Wulf - 2009 - Natural Language Semantics 17 (3):205-218.
    The progressive in English appears to be inherently modal, due to what Dowty (Word meaning and Montague grammar: The semantics of verbs and times in generative semantics and in Montague’s PTQ, 1979) terms the imperfective paradox. In truth-conditional accounts, the literal truth of a clause with the modal progressive hinges on the possibility of the described outcome. The clause’s truth under such accounts has also been tacitly assumed to describe its felicitous use. Two challenges for this strategy (...)
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  10.  15
    The Diachronic Semantics of English Again.Sigrid Beck & Remus Gergel - 2015 - Natural Language Semantics 23 (3):157-203.
    This paper explores the diachronic development of the English adverb again. A compositional semantic analysis of its grammar at various stages is provided. It is argued that this analysis must consist of a staging of first a lexical and then a structural change, in order to adequately model the sequence of individual developmental steps observed in the historical corpus data, and that it provides an insight into pathways of semantic change in general.
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  11. Current Methods in Historical Semantics.Kathryn Allan & Justyna A. Robinson (eds.) - 2011 - De Gruyter Mouton.
     
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  12. Main Trends in Historical Semantics.Marcin Grygiel - 2007 - Wydawn. Uniwersytetu Rzeszowskiego.
     
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  13. Analog-Based Modelling of Meaning Representations in English.Waldemar Skrzypczak - 2006 - Nicolaus Copernicus University Press.
     
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  14.  15
    Adopting a Musical Intelligence and E-Learning Approach to Improve the English Language Pronunciation of Chinese Students.Luqi Wu & Michael McMahon - 2014 - AI and Society 29 (2):231-240.
    This study investigates the use of musical intelligence to improve the English pronunciation of Chinese third level students. It is relevant for a human-centred systems engineering approach to cross-cultural interaction. Language learning is important as valid communication can help interactions and cultural understanding between countries, this also may benefit international stability. There are natural barriers between the English and Chinese language which are reflected in teaching approaches. The teaching of English in Chinese classrooms is removed (...)
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  15.  45
    Temporal Semantics in a Superficially Tenseless Language.Lisa Matthewson - 2006 - Linguistics and Philosophy 29 (6):673 - 713.
    This paper contributes to the debate about ‘tenseless languages’ by defending a tensed analysis of a superficially tenseless language. The language investigated is St’át’imcets (Lillooet Salish). I argue that although St’át’imcets lacks overt tense morphology, every finite clause in the language possesses a phonologically covert tense morpheme; this tense morpheme restricts the reference time to being non-future. Future interpretations, as well as ‘past future’ would-readings, are obtained by the combination of covert tense with an operator analogous to (...)
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  16. Qualities, Objects, Sorts, and Other Treasures: Gold-Digging in English and Arabic.Leila Behrens - 1999 - Kölnuniversität Zu Köln, Institut für Sprachwissenschaft.
     
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  17. Thematic Constraints on Selected Constructions in English and Polish.Bożena Rozwadowska - 1992 - Wydawn. Uniwersytetu Wrocławskiego.
  18.  38
    English Rise-Fall-Rise: A Study in the Semantics and Pragmatics of Intonation. [REVIEW]Noah Constant - 2012 - Linguistics and Philosophy 35 (5):407-442.
    This paper provides a semantic analysis of English rise-fall-rise (RFR) intonation as a focus quantifier over assertable alternative propositions. I locate RFR meaning in the conventional implicature dimension, and propose that its effect is calculated late within a dynamic model. With a minimum of machinery, this account captures disambiguation and scalar effects, as well as interactions with other focus operators like ‘only’ and clefts. Double focus data further support the analysis, and lead to a rejection of Ward and Hirschberg’s (...)
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  19.  34
    An Expressive First-Order Logic with Flexible Typing for Natural Language Semantics.Chris Fox & Shalom Lappin - 2004 - Logic Journal of the Interest Group in Pure and Applied Logics 12 (2):135--168.
    We present Property Theory with Curry Typing (PTCT), an intensional first-order logic for natural language semantics. PTCT permits fine-grained specifications of meaning. It also supports polymorphic types and separation types. We develop an intensional number theory within PTCT in order to represent proportional generalized quantifiers like “most.” We use the type system and our treatment of generalized quantifiers in natural language to construct a type-theoretic approach to pronominal anaphora that avoids some of the difficulties that undermine previous (...)
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  20.  28
    A Metalogical Theory of Natural Language Semantics.Michael Mccord & Arendse Bernth - 2004 - Linguistics and Philosophy 28 (1):73 - 116.
    We develop a framework for natural language semantics which handles intensionality via metalogical constructions and deals with degree truth values in an integrated way. We take an axiomatic set theory, ZF, as the foundation for semantic representations, but we make ZF a metalanguage for part of itself by embedding a language ℒ within ZF which is basically a copy of the part of ZF consisting of set expressions. This metalogical set-up is used for handling propositional attitude verbs (...)
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  21. The Language of Propositions and Events: Issues in the Syntax and the Semantics of Nominalization.Alessandro Zucchi - 1989 - Dissertation, University of Massachusetts Amherst
    A theory of nominalization should specify the relation between noun meaning and verb meaning. At least for some classes of nouns, such a theory should also provide a general and systematic way of deriving noun meanings from verb meanings. This is the case, for example, for event-denoting $ing\sb{\rm of}$-Nouns. The meaning of these nouns must be derived by a rule from the meaning of the corresponding verb, since there is evidence that they are not listed in the lexicon. ;A theory (...)
     
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  22.  31
    Fragments of Language.Ian Pratt-Hartmann - 2004 - Journal of Logic, Language and Information 13 (2):207-223.
    By a fragment of a natural language we mean a subset of thatlanguage equipped with semantics which translate its sentences intosome formal system such as first-order logic. The familiar conceptsof satisfiability and entailment can be defined for anysuch fragment in a natural way. The question therefore arises, for anygiven fragment of a natural language, as to the computational complexityof determining satisfiability and entailment within that fragment. Wepresent a series of fragments of English for which the satisfiabilityproblem (...)
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  23.  19
    Towards a Natural Language Semantics Without Functors and Operands.Miklós Erdélyi-Szabó, László Kálmán & Agi Kurucz - 2007 - Journal of Logic, Language and Information 17 (1):1-17.
    The paper sets out to offer an alternative to the function/argument approach to the most essential aspects of natural language meanings. That is, we question the assumption that semantic completeness (of, e.g., propositions) or incompleteness (of, e.g., predicates) exactly replicate the corresponding grammatical concepts (of, e.g., sentences and verbs, respectively). We argue that even if one gives up this assumption, it is still possible to keep the compositionality of the semantic interpretation of simple predicate/argument structures. In our opinion, compositionality (...)
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  24. English as a Formal Language.Richard Montague - 1970 - In Bruno Visentini (ed.), Linguaggi nella societa e nella tecnica. Edizioni di Communita. pp. 188-221.
    I reject the contention that an important theoretical difference exists between formal and natural languages.
     
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  25.  24
    Argument or No Argument?Geoffrey K. Pullum & Kyle Rawlins - 2007 - Linguistics and Philosophy 30 (2):277 - 287.
    We examine an argument for the non-context-freeness of English that has received virtually no discussion in the literature. It is based on adjuncts of the form 'X or no X', where X is a nominal. The construction has been held to exemplify unbounded syntactic reduplication. We argue that although the argument can be made in a mathematically valid form, its empirical basis is not secure. First, the claimed unbounded syntactic identity between nominals does not always hold in attested cases, (...)
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  26.  38
    Relative Contribution of Perception/Cognition and Language on Spatial Categorization.Soonja Choi & Kate Hattrup - 2012 - Cognitive Science 36 (1):102-129.
    This study investigated the relative contribution of perception/cognition and language-specific semantics in nonverbal categorization of spatial relations. English and Korean speakers completed a video-based similarity judgment task involving containment, support, tight fit, and loose fit. Both perception/cognition and language served as resources for categorization, and allocation between the two depended on the target relation and the features contrasted in the choices. Whereas perceptual/cognitive salience for containment and tight-fit features guided categorization in many contexts, language-specific (...) influenced categorization where the two features competed for similarity judgment and when the target relation was tight support, a domain where spatial relations are perceptually diverse. In the latter contexts, each group categorized more in line with semantics of their language, that is, containment/support for English and tight/loose fit for Korean. We conclude that language guides spatial categorization when perception/cognition alone is not sufficient. In this way, language is an integral part of our cognitive domain of space. (shrink)
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  27.  95
    Proof-Theoretic Semantics for a Natural Language Fragment.Nissim Francez & Roy Dyckhoff - 2010 - Linguistics and Philosophy 33 (6):447-477.
    The paper presents a proof-theoretic semantics (PTS) for a fragment of natural language, providing an alternative to the traditional model-theoretic (Montagovian) semantics (MTS), whereby meanings are truth-condition (in arbitrary models). Instead, meanings are taken as derivability-conditions in a dedicated natural-deduction (ND) proof-system. This semantics is effective (algorithmically decidable), adhering to the meaning as use paradigm, not suffering from several of the criticisms formulated by philosophers of language against MTS as a theory of meaning. In particular, (...)
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  28. Grammar and Logic in the Nineteenth Century as Seen in a Syntactical Analysis of the English Language / by J.W.F. Rogers. [REVIEW]J. W. F. Rogers - 1883 - Trübner and Co. George Robertson.
     
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  29.  15
    Learning to Express Motion Events in English and Korean : The Influence of Language Specific Lexicalization Patterns.Soonja Choi & Melissa Bowerman - 1992 - In Beth Levin & Steven Pinker (eds.), Lexical & Conceptual Semantics. Blackwell. pp. 83-121.
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  30.  70
    Formal Semantics of Natural Language.Adam Morton - 1982 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy 12 (4):805-808.
    a review of Keenan, ed. *Formal Semantics of Natural Language*.
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  31.  56
    Is English Really a Formal Language?Robin Cooper - unknown
    • languages as sets of strings and early transformational grammar • interpreted languages as sets of string-meaning pairs • Montague in ‘Universal Grammar’: There is in my opinion no important theoretical difference between natural languages and the artificial languages of logicians; indeed I consider it possible to comprehend the syntax and semantics of both kinds of languages within a single natural and mathematically precise theory.
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  32. At the Semantics/Pragmatics Interface in Child Language.Stephen Crain - manuscript
    This paper investigates scalar implicatures and downward entailment in child English. In previous experimental work we have shown that adults’ computation of scalar implicatures is sensitive to entailment relations. For instance, when the disjunction operator or occurs in positive contexts, an implicature of exclusivity arises. By contrast when the disjunction operator occurs within the scope of a downward entailing linguistic expression, no implicature of exclusivity is computed. Investigations on children’s computation of scalar implicatures in the same contexts have led (...)
     
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  33.  16
    Events in the Semantics of English: A Study in Subatomic Semantics.Norbert Hornstein - 1993 - Mind and Language 8 (3):442-449.
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  34. At the Semantics/Pragmatics Interface in Child Language.Luisa Meronia - unknown
    This paper investigates scalar implicatures and downward entailment in child English. In previous experimental work we have shown that adults’ computation of scalar implicatures is sensitive to entailment relations. For instance, when the disjunction operator or occurs in positive contexts, an implicature of exclusivity arises. By contrast when the disjunction operator occurs within the scope of a downward entailing linguistic expression, no implicature of exclusivity is computed. Investigations on children’s computation of scalar implicatures in the same contexts have led (...)
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  35. Language, Semantics, and Ideology.Michel Pêcheux - 1982 - St. Martin's Press.
  36.  37
    Meaning Postulates and the Model-Theoretic Approach to Natural Language Semantics.Thomas Ede Zimmermann - 1999 - Linguistics and Philosophy 22 (5):529-561.
  37.  29
    Semantic Analysis.Paul Ziff - 1960 - Ithaca: Cornell University Press.
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  38. Meaning and Change of Meaning.Gustaf Stern - 1931 - Bloomington: Indiana University Press.
     
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  39. Joy and Freude.Karl Reuning - 1941 - Swarthmore, Pa., Distributed by the Swarthmore College Bookstore.
     
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  40. Conventional Implicature and Semantic Theory.Ewa Mioduszewska - 1992 - Wydawnictwa Uniwersytetu Warszawskiego.
     
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  41. Yŏngŏ Wa Han'gugŏ Ŭimiron Pigyo Yŏn'gu: Iron Kwa Silche.Ki-sŏng Pak - 2009 - Tongin.
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  42. Meaning and Speech Acts.Daniel Vanderveken - 1990
     
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  43. The Language of Thought: No Syntax Without Semantics.Tim Crane - 1990 - Mind and Language 5 (3):187-213.
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  44. Situations in Natural Language Semantics.Angelika Kratzer - 2008 - Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
    Situation semantics was developed as an alternative to possible worlds semantics. In situation semantics, linguistic expressions are evaluated with respect to partial, rather than complete, worlds. There is no consensus about what situations are, just as there is no consensus about what possible worlds or events are. According to some, situations are structured entities consisting of relations and individuals standing in those relations. According to others, situations are particulars. In spite of unresolved foundational issues, the partiality provided (...)
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  45.  77
    The History of the Use of ⟦.⟧-Notation in Natural Language Semantics.Brian Rabern - 2016 - Semantics and Pragmatics 9 (12).
    In contemporary natural languages semantics one will often see the use of special brackets to enclose a linguistic expression, e.g. ⟦carrot⟧. These brackets---so-called denotation brackets or semantic evaluation brackets---stand for a function that maps a linguistic expression to its "denotation" or semantic value (perhaps relative to a model or other parameters). Even though this notation has been used in one form or another since the early development of natural language semantics in the 1960s and 1970s, Montague himself (...)
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  46.  12
    Reaffirming the Poverty of the Stimulus Argument: A Reply to the Replies.Jeffrey Lidz & Sandra Waxman - 2004 - Cognition 93 (2):157-165.
  47.  24
    Bilattices and the Semantics of Natural Language Questions.R. Nelken & N. Francez - 2002 - Linguistics and Philosophy 25 (1):37-64.
    In this paper we reexamine the question of whether questions areinherently intensional entities. We do so by proposing a novelextensional theory of questions, based on a re-interpretation of thedomain of t as a bilattice rather than the usual booleaninterpretation. We discuss the adequacy of our theory with respect tothe adequacy criteria imposed on the semantics of questionsby (Groenendijk and Stokhof 1997). We show that the theory is able to account in astraightforward manner for some complex issues in the (...) ofquestions including coordinated questions, combined indicative andinterrogative sentences, questions with quantifiers, and theimpossibility of negating questions. (shrink)
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  48.  2
    Categorial Grammar and the Logical Form of Quantification.Harold D. Levin - 1986 - Philosophical Review 95 (1):127-129.
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  49. Aspects of a Theory of Singular Reference: Prolegomena to a Dialectical Logic of Singular Terms.William J. Greenberg - 1985 - Garland.
    The difficulties encountered by attempts to treat identity as a relation between an object and itself are well-known: "...the sentence 'The morning star is...the morning star' is analytic and a truism, while...'The morning star is the evening star' is synthetic and represents a 'valuable extension of our knowledge'... But if {the morning star} and {the evening star} are the same object, and identity is taken as a relation holding between this object and itself, then it is impossible to explain how (...)
     
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  50. Put, Set, Lay, and Place: A Cognitve Linguistic Approach to Verbal Meaning.P. Pauwels - 2000 - Lincom Europa.
     
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