Results for 'Enlightenment'

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  1.  94
    Enlightenment, Revolution, and Romanticism: The Genesis of Modern German Political Thought, 1790-1800.Frederick C. Beiser - 1994 - Philosophical Review 103 (1):192-194.
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  2.  62
    Radical Enlightenment: Philosophy and the Making of Modernity 1650-1750.Jonathan I. Israel - 2001 - Oxford University Press.
    In the wake of the Scientific Revolution, the late seventeenth and eighteenth centuries saw the complete demolition of traditional structures of authority, scientific thought, and belief by the new philosophy and the philosophes, including Voltaire, Diderot, and Rousseau. The Radical Enlightenment played a part in this revolutionary process, which effectively overthrew all justification for monarchy, aristocracy, and ecclesiastical power, as well as man's dominance over woman, theological dominance of education, and slavery. Despite the present day interest in the revolutions (...)
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  3.  42
    Inventing the Enlightenment: Anti-Jacobins, British Hegelians, and the "Oxford English Dictionary".James Schmidt - 2003 - Journal of the History of Ideas 64 (3):421.
  4. Enlightenment Contested: Philosophy, Modernity, and the Emancipation of Man 1670-1752.Jonathan I. Israel - 2006 - Oxford University Press.
    The first major reassessment of the Western Enlightenment for a generation. Continuing the story he began in Radical Enlightenment, Jonathan Israel now focuses on the first half of the eighteenth century. He traces to their roots the core principles of Western modernity: the primacy of reason, democracy, racial equality, feminism, religious toleration, sexual emancipation, and freedom of expression.
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  5.  35
    Democratic Enlightenment: Philosophy, Revolution, and Human Rights 1750-1790.Jonathan I. Israel - 2011 - Oxford University Press.
    That the Enlightenment shaped modernity is uncontested. Yet remarkably few historians or philosophers have attempted to trace the process of ideas from the political and social turmoil of the late eighteenth century to the present day. This is precisely what Jonathan Israel now does. In Democratic Enlightenment , Israel demonstrates that the Enlightenment was an essentially revolutionary process, driven by philosophical debate. The American Revolution and its concerns certainly acted as a major factor in the intellectual ferment (...)
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  6.  16
    Enlightenment and the Unconditional Good: From Fichte to the Frankfurt School.David James - 2016 - International Journal of Philosophical Studies 24 (1):26-44.
    In a series of lectures from 1804–05, Johann Gottlieb Fichte sets out a conception of enlightenment whose basic structure is, I argue, to some extent reproduced in two more famous accounts of enlightenment found in post-Kantian German philosophy: Hegel’s account of the Enlightenment’s struggle with faith in his Phenomenology of Spirit and the conception of enlightenment rationality presented in Horkheimer and Adorno’s Dialectic of Enlightenment. The narrative I offer serves to highlight, moreover, the critical role (...)
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  7. The Enlightenment: An Interpretation.Peter Gay - 1966 - Norton.
    [1] The rise of modern paganism.--v. 2. The science of freedom.
     
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  8.  17
    Enlightenment Against Empire.Sankar Muthu - 2003 - Princeton University Press.
    In the late eighteenth century, an array of European political thinkers attacked the very foundations of imperialism, arguing passionately that empire-building was not only unworkable, costly, and dangerous, but manifestly unjust. Enlightenment against Empire is the first book devoted to the anti-imperialist political philosophies of an age often regarded as affirming imperial ambitions. Sankar Muthu argues that thinkers such as Denis Diderot, Immanuel Kant, and Johann Gottfried Herder developed an understanding of humans as inherently cultural agents and therefore necessarily (...)
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  9.  41
    The Enlightenment of Sympathy: Justice and the Moral Sentiments in the Eighteenth Century and Today.Michael L. Frazer - 2010 - Oxford University Press.
    However, other leading philosophers of the era--such as David Hume, Adam Smith, and J.G. Herder--placed greater emphasis on feeling, seeing moral and political ...
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  10.  6
    The World We Want: How and Why the Ideals of the Enlightenment Still Elude Us.Robert Louden - 2010 - Oup Usa.
    This interdisciplinary book is a contribution to the history of ideas that tries to locate and assess the causes for the large gap between Enlightenment hopes for the future and present realities.
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  11.  33
    The Enlightenment: A Genealogy.Dan Edelstein - 2010 - University of Chicago Press.
    Interpreting the Enlightenment: on methods -- A map of the Enlightenment: whither France? -- The spirit of the moderns: from the new science to the Enlightenment -- Society, the subject of the modern story -- Quarrel in the Academy: the ancients strike back -- Humanism and Enlightenment: the classical style of the philosophes -- The philosophical spirit of the laws: politics and antiquity -- An ancient god: pagans and philosophers -- Post tenebras lux: Begriffsgeschichte or regime (...)
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  12.  10
    Dialectic of Enlightenment: Philosophical Fragments.Max Horkheimer - 2002 - Stanford University Press.
    Dialectic of Enlightenment is undoubtedly the most influential publication of the Frankfurt School of Critical Theory. Written during the Second World War and circulated privately, it appeared in a printed edition in Amsterdam in 1947. "What we had set out to do," the authors write in the Preface, "was nothing less than to explain why humanity, instead of entering a truly human state, is sinking into a new kind of barbarism." Yet the work goes far beyond a mere critique (...)
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  13.  9
    The Enlightenment and Counter-Enlightenment.Thora Ilin Bayer - 2007 - New Vico Studies 25:67-76.
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  14.  3
    The Enlightenment and Counter-Enlightenment: Cassirer, Berlin, and Vico.Thora Ilin Bayer - 2007 - New Vico Studies 25:67-76.
  15.  40
    Enlightenment, Ecumenism, and Evangel: Theological Themes and Thinkers, 1550–2000. By Alan P. F. Sell. Pp. Xviii, 421. UK: Paternoster Press, 2005, £29.99. [REVIEW]Richard J. Boles - 2012 - Heythrop Journal 53 (6):1032-1033.
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  16. Religion and Enlightenment in Eighteenth-Century England: Theological Debate From Locke to Burke.B. W. Young - 1998 - Clarendon Press.
    This is a description and analysis of the intellectual culture of the eighteenth-century Church of England. Challenging conventional perceptions of the Church as an intellectually moribund institution, the study traces the influence of thinkers such as Locke, Newton, Burke, and Gibbon on theological debate in England during this period.
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  17.  70
    Oriental Enlightenment: The Encounter Between Asian and Western Thought.J. J. Clarke - 1997 - Routledge.
    The West has long had an ambivalent attitude toward the philosophical traditions of the East. Voltaire claimed that the East is the civilization "to which the West owes everything", yet C.S. Peirce was contemptuous of the "monstrous mysticism of the East". And despite the current trend toward globalizations, there is still a reluctance to take seriously the intellectual inheritance of South and East Asia. Oriental Enlightenment challenges this Eurocentric prejudice. J. J. Clarke examines the role played by the ideas (...)
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  18.  15
    Three Critics of the Enlightenment.Donald Phillip Verene - 2000 - New Vico Studies 18:114-116.
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  19. Reflection, Enlightenment, and the Significance of Spontaneity in Kant.Melissa McBay Merritt - 2009 - British Journal for the History of Philosophy 17 (5):981-1010.
    Existing interpretations of Kant’s appeal to the spontaneity of the mind focus almost exclusively on the discussion of pure apperception in the Transcendental Deduction. The risk of such a strategy lies in the considerable degree of abstraction at which the argument of the Deduction is carried out: existing interpretations fail to reconnect adequately with any ground-level perspective on our cognitive lives. This paper works in the opposite direction. Drawing on Kant’s suggestion that the most basic picture we can have of (...)
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  20. Mutual Enlightenment: Recent Phenomenology in Cognitive Science.Shaun Gallagher - 1997 - Journal of Consciousness Studies 4 (3):195-214.
    The term phenomenology can be used in a generic sense to cover a variety of areas related to the problem of consciousness. In this sense it is a title that ranges over issues pertaining to first-person or subjective experience, qualia, and what has become known as "the hard problem" (Chalmers 1995). The term is sometimes used even more generally to signify a variety of approaches to studying such issues, including contemplative, meditative, and mystical studies, and transpersonal psychology.(1) Within the disciplines (...)
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  21.  54
    The Enlightenment.Norman Hampson - 1976 - Penguin Books.
    The nature of the Enlightenment.--Personalities in the Enlightenment.
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  22.  21
    Artful Science: Enlightenment Entertainment and the Eclipse of Visual Education.Barbara Maria Stafford - 1996 - Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism 54 (1):79-80.
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  23.  24
    Enlightenment Liberalism and the Challenge of Pluralism.Matthew Jones - 2012 - Dissertation, Canterbury Christ Church University
    Issues relating to diversity and pluralism continue to permeate both social and political discourse. Of particular contemporary importance and relevance are those issues raised when the demands associated with forms of pluralism clash with those of the liberal state. These forms of pluralism can be divided into two subcategories: thin and thick pluralism. Thin pluralism refers to forms of pluralism that can be accommodated by the existing liberal framework, whereas thick pluralism challenges this liberal framework. -/- This thesis is an (...)
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  24.  95
    Science and Enlightenment: Two Great Problems of Learning.Nicholas Maxwell - 2019 - Cham, Switzerland: Springer Verlag.
    Two great problems of learning confront humanity: learning about the nature of the universe and about ourselves and other living things as a part of the universe, and learning how to become civilized or enlightened. The first problem was solved, in essence, in the 17th century, with the creation of modern science. But the second problem has not yet been solved. Solving the first problem without also solving the second puts us in a situation of great danger. All our current (...)
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  25.  26
    From Enlightenment to Receptivity: Rethinking Our Values.Michael Slote - 2013 - Oxford University Press.
    This new book by Michael Slote argues that Western philosophy on the whole has overemphasized rational control and autonomy at the expense of the important countervailing value and virtue of receptivity. Recently the ideas of caring and empathy have received a great deal of philosophical and public attention, but both these notions rest on the deeper and broader value of receptivity, and in From Enlightenment to Receptivity, Slote seeks to show that we need to focus more on receptivity if (...)
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  26.  46
    Enlightenment and Action From Descartes to Kant: Passionate Thought.Michael Losonsky - 2001 - Cambridge University Press.
    Kant believed that true enlightenment is the use of reason freely in public. This book systematicaaly traces the philosophical origins and development of the idea that the improvement of human understanding requires public activity. Michael Losonsky focuses on seventeenth-century discussions of the problem of irresolution and the closely connected theme of the role of volition in human belief formation. This involves a discussion of the work of Descartes, Hobbes, Locke, Spinoza and Leibniz. Challenging the traditional views of seventeenth-century philosophy (...)
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  27. The Enlightenment in National Context.Roy S. Porter & Mikuláš Teich (eds.) - 1981 - Cambridge University Press.
    The Enlightenment has often been written about as a sequence of disembodied 'great ideas'. The aim of this book is to put the beliefs of the Enlightenment firmly into their social context, by revealing the national soils in which they were rooted and the specific purposes for which they were used. It brings out the regional divergences of the Enlightenment experience, shaped by different local intellectual and economic priorities. At the same time it also shows how central (...)
     
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  28.  14
    Lessing's Philosophy of Religion and the German Enlightenment.Toshimasa Yasukata - 2003 - Oup Usa.
    Despite his well-recognized importance in the history of thought, Lessing as theologian or philosopher of religion remains an enigmatic figure. Through intensive study of the entire corpus of Lessing's philosophical and theological writings, as well as the extensive secondary literature, Yasukata reveals a fresh image of Lessing as a creative, modern mind who is both shaped by and gives shape to the Christian heritage.
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  29.  11
    Enlightenment Shadows.Genevieve Lloyd - 2013 - Oxford University Press.
    Genevieve Lloyd presents a new study of the place of Enlightenment thought in intellectual history and of its continued relevance. She offers original readings of a range of key texts, which highlight the ways in which Enlightenment thinkers enacted in their writing--and reflected on--the interplay of intellect, imagination, and emotion.
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  30. The Philosophy of the Enlightenment.Ernst Cassirer - 1951 - Boston: Beacon Press.
  31. Encyclopedia of the Enlightenment: 4 Volumes: Print and E-Reference Editions Available.Alan Charles Kors (ed.) - 2003 - Oup Usa.
    Covering the "long" Enlightenment, from the rise of Descartes' disciples in 1670 to the restoration of the Bourbon monarchy in 1815, the Encyclopedia of the Enlightenment contains articles ranging from discussions of mercantilism and democracy to the dissemination of ideas in salons and coffeehouses. It is also an e-reference text from Oxford's Digital Reference Shelf.
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  32.  17
    The Enlightenment and its Critics1.Michael A. Peters - 2018 - Educational Philosophy and Theory 51 (9):886-894.
    Volume 51, Issue 9, August 2019, Page 886-894.
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  33. Buddhist Enlightenment and the Destruction of Attractor Networks: A Neuroscientific Speculation on the Buddhist Path From Everyday Consciousness to Buddha-Awakening.Patricia Sharp - 2011 - Journal of Consciousness Studies 18 (3-4):3-4.
    Buddhist philosophy asserts that human suffering is caused by ignorance regarding the true nature of reality. According to this, perceptions and thoughts are largely fabrications of our own minds, based on conditioned tendencies which often involve problematic fears, aversions, compulsions, etc. In Buddhist psychology, these tendencies reside in a portion of mind known as Store consciousness. Here, I suggest a correspondence between this Buddhist Store consciousness and the neuroscientific idea of stored synaptic weights. These weights are strong synaptic connections built (...)
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  34.  11
    Cabanis: Enlightenment and Medical Philosophy in the French Revolution.Martin S. Staum - 1980 - Princeton University Press.
  35. Nihil Unbound: Enlightenment and Extinction.Ray Brassier - 2007 - Palgrave-Macmillan.
    Where much contemporary philosophy seeks to stave off the "threat" of nihilism by safeguarding the experience of meaning--characterized as the defining feature of human existence--from the Enlightenment logic of disenchantment, this book attempts to push nihilism to its ultimate conclusion by forging a link between revisionary naturalism in Anglo-American philosophy and anti-phenomenological realism in recent French philosophy. Contrary to an emerging "post-analytic" consensus which would bridge the analytic-continental divide by uniting Heidegger and Wittgenstein against the twin perils of scientism (...)
     
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  36.  36
    The Enlightenment Tradition.Robert Anchor - 1967 - University of California Press.
    The underlying theme of the inquiry is the real and possible relevance of the Enlightenment tradition to contemporary Western society.
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  37.  17
    Post-Enlightenment Sources of Political Authority: Biblical Atheism, Political Theology and the Schmitt–Strauss Exchange.John P. McCormick - 2011 - History of European Ideas 37 (2):175-180.
    This essay reevaluates the Weimar writings of Carl Schmitt and Leo Strauss, specifically, their intellectual efforts to replace the political authority of Kantian liberalism with, respectively, a ‘political theology’ and ‘Biblical atheism’ derived from the thought of early-modern state theorists like Hobbes and Spinoza. Schmitt and Strauss each insisted that post-Kantian Enlightenment rationality was unraveling into a way of thinking that violently rejected ‘form’ of any kind, fixated myopically on material things and lacked any conception of the external constraints (...)
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  38.  12
    Dialectics of Enlightenment: Understanding Contemporary Materialist Receptions of German Idealism.Jeffrey Bernstein - 2004 - Idealistic Studies 34 (2):131-150.
    This article explores the recent reception of the German Idealist tradition within the English-speaking philosophical world. Texts by four authors—Fredrick Beiser, Richard Velkley, Dennis Schmidt, and Gregg Horowitz—are examined as to their respective participation in what I call a materialist appropriation of German Idealism. In this article, I explore what the term ‘materialism’ means in this context and the reasons for such a new interpretation. I hold that this interpretation is utilized as a response to the Enlightenment priority of (...)
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  39. We, Heirs of Enlightenment: Critical Theory, Democracy and Social Science.James Bohman - 2005 - International Journal of Philosophical Studies 13 (3):353 – 377.
    My goal here is to come to terms with the Enlightenment as the horizon of critical social science. First, I consider in more detail the understanding of the Enlightenment in Critical Theory, particularly in its conception of the sociality of reason. Second, I develop an account of freedom in terms of human powers, along the lines of recent capability conceptions that link freedom to the development of human powers, including the power to interpret and create norms. Finally, I (...)
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  40.  22
    A Primer on German Enlightenment, With a Translation of Karl Leonhard Reinhold’s the Fundamental Concepts and Principles of Ethics.Paul Franks & Sabine Roehr - 1997 - Philosophical Review 106 (1):141.
    The first part of this book provides the best short overview of the German Enlightenment available in English. Although, as the author says, she “sheds no new light on the German Enlightenment but follows current views”, those views are largely unavailable in English. With admirable lucidity, Roehr covers topics such as the nature of enlightenment, theology, Freemasonry, responses to the French revolution, and moral philosophy.
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  41.  5
    Creation Mythology and Enlightenment in Sanskrit Literature.Peter M. Scharf - 2020 - Journal of Indian Philosophy 48 (4):751-766.
    Accounts of creation in Sanskrit literature include a number of hymns in the R̥gveda principal among which are R̥V 10.72, 10.81–82, 10.90, 10.121, and 10.129. Later accounts appear in the Mānavadhārmaśāstra, the Mahābhārata, and purāṇas. Scholars generally describe these accounts as various, mutually inconsistent myths, or as superseded stages of philosophical thought. Even recent treatments of Indian cosmogony that praise the poetic subtlety and prowess of their composers consider their work as products of individual poetic imagination. Yet, despite the variety (...)
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  42.  66
    Placing the Enlightenment: Thinking Geographically About the Age of Reason.Charles W. J. Withers - 2007 - University of Chicago Press.
    The Enlightenment was the age in which the world became modern, challenging tradition in favor of reason, freedom, and critical inquiry. While many aspects of the Enlightenment have been rigorously scrutinized—its origins and motivations, its principal characters and defining features, its legacy and modern relevance—the geographical dimensions of the era have until now largely been ignored. Placing the Enlightenment contends that the Age of Reason was not only a period of pioneering geographical investigation but also an age (...)
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  43.  86
    Bayesian Fundamentalism or Enlightenment? On the Explanatory Status and Theoretical Contributions of Bayesian Models of Cognition.Matt Jones & Bradley C. Love - 2011 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 34 (4):169-188.
    The prominence of Bayesian modeling of cognition has increased recently largely because of mathematical advances in specifying and deriving predictions from complex probabilistic models. Much of this research aims to demonstrate that cognitive behavior can be explained from rational principles alone, without recourse to psychological or neurological processes and representations. We note commonalities between this rational approach and other movements in psychology that set aside mechanistic explanations or make use of optimality assumptions. Through these comparisons, we identify a number of (...)
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  44. Enlightenment and Freedom.Jonathan Peterson - 2008 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 46 (2):pp. 223-244.
    Kant’s main concern in his famous essay on enlightenment is the relation between enlightenment and the political order. His account of this relation turns on the idea of the freedom of public reason. This paper develops a new interpretation of Kant’s concept of public reason. First, it argues that Kant conceives of public reasoning as a matter of speaking in one’s own name to the commonwealth of the public. Second, it draws on Kant’s republican conception of freedom in (...)
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  45. What Enlightenment Project?James Schmidt - 2000 - Political Theory 28 (6):734-757.
  46.  42
    Aspects of Enlightenment: Social Theory and the Ethics of Truth.Thomas Osborne - 1998 - Ucl Press.
    Introduction Of enlightenmentality Blackmail - Negative enlightenment - Critique of enlightenment - Postmodernism - Realism and enlightenment - Aspects of ...
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  47.  15
    Jonathan Edwards and the Limits of Enlightenment Philosophy.Leon Chai - 1998 - Oup Usa.
    Jonathan Edwards has most often been considered in the context of the Puritanism of New England. However, in many ways he was closer to the thinkers of the European Enlightenment. Leon Chai explores the connection, analysing Edwards's thought in light of a number of the issues that preoccupied such Enlightenment figures as Locke, Descartes, Malebranche, and Leibniz.
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  48.  20
    The Enlightenment.Couze Venn - 2006 - Theory, Culture and Society 23 (2-3):477-486.
    For different reasons, and with different political goals at stake, the fundamental principles advocated by the Enlightenment are being challenged by both the left and the right. This entry sets out to clear a critical space for examining what is at stake in the present in interrogating its legacy as discourse for imagining alternative transmodern and transcolonial futures. A re-evaluation of the Enlightenment by reference to concepts of equality, liberty, emancipation, justice and becoming is central to that task.
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  49.  68
    The Enlightenment: Conscience and Authority in Judgment. [REVIEW]Wenyu Xie - 2009 - Frontiers of Philosophy in China 4 (2):264-281.
    There were two prevailing sentiments in Europe after the Reformation: One opposing papal authority and one advocating individual freedom. This paper analyzes these two sentiments and finds that the concept of conscience is crucial in understanding them. The issue of conscience is about judging truth and good, and in initiating the Reformation, Martin Luther heavily appealed to his conscience while countering Catholic attacks. With the wide dispersal of the Reformation, Luther’s notion of conscience was well received among his supporters throughout (...)
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  50.  91
    What is Enlightenment?Immanuel Kant - unknown
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