Results for 'Enlightenment'

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  1. Henry Abramson. A Prayer for the Government: Ukrainian and Jews in Revol.Enlightened Absolutism - 2000 - The European Legacy 5 (5):769-772.
     
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  2. After 11 september.Radical Enlightenment & Robert Nozick - 2001 - The Philosophers' Magazine 13.
     
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  3. efforts to organize knowledge, such as Ephraim Chambers's Cyclopedia, were closely connected to the commonplace book,“A Solution to the Multitude of Books: Ephraim Chalmers's Cyclopedia (1728) as 'the Best Book in the Universe,'”.Richard Yeo’S. Suggestion That Enlightenment - 2003 - Journal of the History of Ideas 64 (1):61-72.
     
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  4. Critique and crisis: enlightenment and the pathogenesis of modern society.Reinhart Koselleck - 1988 - Cambridge: MIT Press.
    In this way progressive bourgeois philosophy, which seemed to offer the promise of a unified and peaceful world, in fact produced just the opposite.The book ...
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  5.  30
    What is Enlightenment?: Eighteenth-Century Answers and Twentieth-Century Questions.James Schmidt (ed.) - 1996 - University of California Press.
    This collection contains the first English translations of a group of important eighteenth-century German essays that address the question, "What is Enlightenment?" The book also includes newly translated and newly written interpretive essays by leading historians and philosophers, which examine the origins of eighteenth-century debate on Enlightenment and explore its significance for the present. In recent years, critics from across the political and philosophical spectrum have condemned the Enlightenment for its complicity with any number of present-day social (...)
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  6.  14
    The Founding of Aesthetics in the German Enlightenment: The Art of Invention and the Invention of Art.Stefanie Buchenau - 2013 - Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
    When, in 1735, Alexander Gottlieb Baumgarten added a new discipline to the philosophical system, he not only founded modern aesthetics but also contributed to shaping the modern concept of art or 'fine art'. In The Founding of Aesthetics in the German Enlightenment, Stefanie Buchenau offers a rich analysis and reconstruction of the origins of this new discipline in its wider context of German Enlightenment philosophy. Present-day scholars commonly regard Baumgarten's views as an imperfect prefiguration of Kantian and post-Kantian (...)
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  7. Dialectic of Enlightenment: Philosophical Fragments.Theodor W. Adorno - 1944 - Stanford, Calif.: Stanford University Press. Edited by Gunzelin Schmid Noerr.
    This celebrated work is the keystone of the thought of the Frankfurt School. It is a wide-ranging philosophical and psychological critique of the Western categories of reason and nature, from Homer to Nietzsche.
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  8. Kant and the Enlightenment's Contribution to Social Epistemology.Axel Gelfert - 2010 - Episteme 7 (1):79-99.
    The present paper argues for the relevance of Immanuel Kant and the German Enlightenment to contemporary social epistemology. Rather than distancing themselves from the alleged ‘individualism’ of Enlightenment philosophers, social epistemologists would be well-advised to look at the substantive discussion of social-epistemological questions in the works of Kant and other Enlightenment figures. After a brief rebuttal of the received view of the Enlightenment as an intrinsically individualist enterprise, this paper charts the historical trajectory of philosophical discussions (...)
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  9.  29
    State of Nature, Stages of Society: Enlightenment Conjectural History and Modern Social Discourse.Frank Palmeri - 2016 - New York: Cambridge University Press.
    Frank Palmeri sees the conjectural histories of Rousseau, Hume, Herder, and other Enlightenment philosophers as a template for the development of the social sciences in the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. Without documents or memorials, these thinkers, he argues, employed conjecture to formulate a naturalistic account of society's commercial and secular progression. This approach can be traced in the work of political economists, anthropologists, sociologists, and sociologists of religion, and its speculative framework creates a surprising ambivalence toward modernity in (...)
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  10.  18
    Social Theory of the Scottish Enlightenment.Christopher J. Berry - 1997 - Edinburgh University Press.
    David Hume, Adam Smith, William Robertson, Adam Ferguson, Lord Kames, John Millar, James Dunbar and Gilbert Stuart were at the heart of Scottish Enlightenment thought. This introductory survey offers the student a clear, accessible interpretation and synthesis of the social thought of these historically significant thinkers. Organised thematically, it takes the student through their accounts of social institutions, their critique of individualism, their methodology, their views of progress and of moral and cultural values. By taking human sociality as their (...)
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  11. Natural Law and Moral Philosophy: From Grotius to the Scottish Enlightenment.Knud Haakonssen - 1996 - New York, NY, USA: Cambridge University Press.
    This major contribution to the history of philosophy provides the most comprehensive guide to modern natural law theory available, sets out the full background to liberal ideas of rights and contractarianism, and offers an extensive study of the Scottish Enlightenment. The time span covered is considerable: from the natural law theories of Grotius and Suarez in the early seventeenth century to the American Revolution and the beginnings of utilitarianism. After a detailed survey of modern natural law theory, the book (...)
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  12.  30
    Friedrich Jacobi and the end of the enlightenment: religion, philosophy, and reason at the crux of modernity.Alexander J. B. Hampton (ed.) - 2023 - New York, NY: Cambridge University Press.
    Jacobi held a position of unparalleled importance in late eighteenth and early nineteenth century intellectual history. This includes his role in bringing about the close of the Enlightenment, his central part in shaping the reception of Kant's philosophy and German idealism, and his influence on the development of Romanticism and existentialism.
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  13.  18
    The Emergence of Modern Aesthetic Theory: Religion and Morality in Enlightenment Germany and Scotland.Simon Grote - 2017 - New York: Cambridge University Press.
    Broad in its geographic scope and yet grounded in original archival research, this book situates the inception of modern aesthetic theory – the philosophical analysis of art and beauty - in theological contexts that are crucial to explaining why it arose. Simon Grote presents seminal aesthetic theories of the German and Scottish Enlightenments as outgrowths of a quintessentially Enlightenment project: the search for a natural 'foundation of morality' and a means of helping naturally self-interested human beings transcend their own (...)
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  14.  16
    The philonic distinction: German enlightenment historiography of jewish thought.Dirk Westerkamp - 2008 - History and Theory 47 (4):533-559.
    Leon Roth’s famous question “Is there a Jewish philosophy?” has been the subject of an ongoing controversial debate. This paper argues that the concept of a Jewish philosophy—in the sense of an allegedly continuous philosophical tradition stretching from antiquity to early modernity—was created by German Enlightenment historians of philosophy. Under competing models of historiography, Enlightenment philosophy construed a continuous tradition of Jewish thought, a philosophia haebraeorum perennis, establishing a controversially discussed order of discourse and a specific politics of (...)
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  15. Living in the Enlightenment : the Reimarus household accounts of 1728-1780. Almut & Paul Spalding - 2011 - In Martin Mulsow (ed.), Between philology and radical enlightenment: Hermann Samuel Reimarus (1694-1768). Boston: Brill.
     
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  16.  12
    Wealth and Virtue: The Shaping of Political Economy in the Scottish Enlightenment.Istvan Hont & Michael Ignatieff (eds.) - 1986 - Cambridge University Press.
    Wealth and Virtue reassesses the remarkable contribution of the Scottish Enlightenment to the formation of modern economics and to theories of capitalism. Its unique range indicates the scope of the Scottish intellectual achievement of the eighteenth century and explores the process by which the boundaries between economic thought, jurisprudence, moral philosophy and theoretical history came to be established. Dealing not only with major figures like Hume and Smith, there are also studies of lesser known thinkers like Andrew Fletcher, Gershom (...)
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  17. The Quest for a Global Age of Reason. Part I: Asia, Africa, the Greeks, and the Enlightenment Roots.Dag Herbjørnsrud - 2021 - Dialogue and Universalism 31 (3):113-131.
    This paper will contend that we, in the first quarter of the 21st century, need an enhanced Age of Reason based on global epistemology. One reason to legitimize such a call for more intellectual enlightenment is the lack of required information on non-European philosophy in today’s reading lists at European and North American universities. Hence, the present-day Academy contributes to the scarcity of knowledge about the world’s global history of ideas outside one’s ethnocentric sphere. The question is whether we (...)
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  18.  39
    A ‘monster with human visage’: The orangutan, savagery, and the borders of humanity in the global Enlightenment.Silvia Sebastiani - 2019 - History of the Human Sciences 32 (4):80-99.
    To what extent did the debate on the orangutan contribute to the global Enlightenment? This article focuses on the first 150 years of the introduction, dissection, and public exposition of the so-called ‘orangutan’ in Europe, between the 1630s, when the first specimens arrived in the Netherlands, and the 1770s, when the British debate about slavery and abolitionism reframed the boundaries between the human and animal kingdoms. Physicians, natural historians, antiquarians, philosophers, geographers, lawyers, and merchants all contributed to the knowledge (...)
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  19.  19
    Immanuel Kant and the “New Enlightenment”. International Conference Report.Arina Startseva & Aleksandr O. Sabanov - 2023 - Kantian Journal 42 (1):132-145.
    The review surveys the main ideas discussed at the international scientific conference “Immanuel Kant and the ‘New Enlightenment’” hosted by the Immanuel Kant Baltic Federal University (IKBFU) in Kaliningrad on 20-22 April 2022. It was organised by IKBFU’s research unit Academia Kantiana with the support of the Petersburg Dialogue Forum. Speakers analysed the theses of the Report to the Club of Rome, Come on! Capitalism, Short-termism, Population and the Destruction of the Planet (2018), whose authors, Ernst Ulrich von Weizsäcker (...)
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  20.  22
    William Falconer’s Remarks on the Influence of Climate(1781) and the study of religion in Enlightenment England.R. J. W. Mills - 2018 - Intellectual History Review 28 (2):293-315.
    This study argues that the English-born, Edinburgh-educated and Bath-based physician William Falconer (1744–1824) authored the only stadial history published during the British Enlightenment that analysed the influence of socio-economic context upon religious belief. A survey of the conjectural histories of religion written by the leading literati demonstrates that discussion of religion by the Scottish literati was undertaken separate from the “Scottish narrative” of stadial economic and political progress. We have to turn to Falconer’s Remarks on the Influence of Climate (...)
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  21.  3
    Critical Investigation on the Existential Understanding of Enlightenment. 박태원 - 2019 - Journal of the New Korean Philosophical Association 95:119-140.
    깨달음에 관한 전통시선에는 존재론적 경향이 목격된다. 존재론적 깨달음론은 순수실재나 궁극존재와의 직접 대면을 깨달음이라 간주한다. 또한 언어와 사유는 그 순수실재/궁극존재를 가리는 장막으로 보아 ‘언어/사유의 개입 이전’을 깨달음의 대상으로 설정한다. 불교인식논리학 담론을 관통하는 관심도 이러한 존재론적 시선의 연장선 위에 있다. 불교인식논리학 범주뿐 아니라 붓다의 언어를 이해해 온 전통교학과 수행론들은 그 편차가 어떻든 간에 다수가 ‘존재론적 관심’에 입각해 있다. ‘존재에 허상 입히기’ vs ‘존재에 입힌 허상벗기기, ‘존재 오염’ vs ‘존재 청정’의 대립구도를 설정하고, 허상과 오염을 벗어버린 ‘존재의 실재/실재상태’를 추구하는 것으로 보인다. 이러한 존재론적 해석학은 (...)
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  22.  85
    Gender, Development, and Post-Enlightenment Philosophies of Science.Sandra Harding - 1998 - Hypatia 13 (3):146 - 167.
    Recent "gender, environment, and sustainable development" accounts raise pointed questions about the complicity of Enlightenment philosophies of science with failures of Third World development policies and the current environmental crisis. The strengths of these analyses come from distinctive ways they link androcentric, economistic, and nature-blind aspects of development thinking to "the Enlightenment dream." In doing so they share perspectives with and provide resources for other influential schools of science studies.
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  23.  4
    Tragedy and Enlightenment: Athenian Political Thought and the Dilemmas of Modernity.Christopher Rocco - 1997 - Univ of California Press.
    Influenser från grekisk filosofi på 1900-talets filosofi.
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  24.  10
    ‘What was moderate about the enlightenment?’ Moderation in eighteenth-century Europe.Nicholas Mithen - forthcoming - History of European Ideas.
    What does it mean to refer to the enlightenment as ‘moderate’? One answer to this question, and the one which abounds in historiography of enlightenment in the past two decades, is that of Jonathan Israel. For Israel, the ‘moderate enlightenment’ is the half-baked counterpart to the ‘Radical Enlightenment’. Where the Radical Enlightenment, in Israel’s version of events, was the crucible within which progressive modernity was forged, the ‘moderate enlightenment’ was the regressive vehicle for accommodating (...)
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  25.  39
    Kant’s Experiential Enlightenment and Court Philosophy in the 18th Century.Holly L. Wilson - 2001 - History of Philosophy Quarterly 18 (April 2001):179-205.
    Christian Thomasius and his school, including Andreas Rüdiger and Christian Crusius influenced Kant in the development of his Pragmatic Anthropology. They all shared a common concern that philosophy ought to be useful to students who have a role to play in the world.
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  26.  35
    What is Buddhist Enlightenment?Dale Stuart Wright - 2016 - Oxford University Press USA.
    What kind of person should I strive to be? What ideals should I pursue in my life? These basic human questions and others like them are components of the overall question that guides this book: What is enlightenment? As Dale Wright argues, any serious practitioner of human life, religious or not, confronts the challenge of living an authentic life, of overcoming common human disabilities like greed, hatred, and delusion that give rise to excessive suffering. Why then, Wright asks, is (...)
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  27.  10
    Moses Mendelssohn and the Religious Enlightenment.David Sorkin - 2012 - Halban Publishers.
    Moses Mendelssohn (1729-1786) was the premier Jewish thinker of his day and one of the best-known figures of the German Enlightenment, earning the sobriquet 'the Socrates of Berlin'. He was thoroughly involved in the central issue of Enlightenment religious thinking: the inevitable conflict between reason and revelation in an age contending with individual rights and religious toleration. He did not aspire to a comprehensive philosophy of Judaism, since he thought human reason was limited, but he did see Judaism (...)
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  28.  52
    Otto Neurath and Ludwig von Mises. Philosophy, Politics, and Economics in Viennese Late Enlightenment.Alexander Linsbichler - 2021 - Erasmus Journal for Philosophy and Economics 14 (2).
    Logical empiricism and the Austrian School of economics are two of the internationally most influential intellectual movements with Viennese roots. By and large independently of each other, both have been subject to detailed historical and philosophical investigations for the last two dec-ades. However, in spite of numerous connections and interactions be-tween the two groups, their relationship has captured surprisingly sparse attention. My dissertation focuses on the many-faceted juxtaposition of two supposedly antagonistic championsof Viennese Late Enlightenment: logical empiricist Otto Neurath (...)
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  29.  59
    The Cambridge Companion to the Scottish Enlightenment.Alexander Broadie (ed.) - 2003 - New York: Cambridge University Press.
    The Cambridge Companion to the Scottish Enlightenment offers a philosophical perspective on an eighteenth-century movement that has been profoundly influential on western culture. A distinguished team of contributors examines the writings of David Hume, Adam Smith, Thomas Reid, Adam Ferguson, Colin Maclaurin and other Scottish thinkers, in fields including philosophy, natural theology, economics, anthropology, natural science and law. In addition, the contributors relate the Scottish Enlightenment to its historical context and assess its impact and legacy in Europe, America (...)
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  30. Vital materialism and the problem of ethics in the Radical Enlightenment.Charles T. Wolfe - 2013 - Philosophica 88 (1):31-70.
    From Hegel to Engels, Sartre and Ruyer (Ruyer, 1933), to name only a few, materialism is viewed as a necropolis, or the metaphysics befitting such an abode; many speak of matter’s crudeness, bruteness, coldness or stupidity. Science or scientism, on this view, reduces the living world to ‘dead matter’, ‘brutish’, ‘mechanical, lifeless matter’, thereby also stripping it of its freedom (Crocker, 1959). Materialism is often wrongly presented as ‘mechanistic materialism’ – with ‘Death of Nature’ echoes of de-humanization and hostility to (...)
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  31.  89
    Natural law theories in the early Enlightenment.T. J. Hochstrasser - 2000 - New York: Cambridge University Press.
    This major addition to Ideas in Context examines the development of natural law theories in the early stages of the Enlightenment in Germany and France. T. J. Hochstrasser investigates the influence exercised by theories of natural law from Grotius to Kant, with a comparative analysis of the important intellectual innovations in ethics and political philosophy of the time. Hochstrasser includes the writings of Samuel Pufendorf and his followers who evolved a natural law theory based on human sociability and reason, (...)
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  32.  20
    From Montesquieu to Laclos: studies on the French Enlightenment.Ronald Grimsley - 1974 - Genève: Droz.
    RONALD GRIMSLEY From Montesquieu to Laclos Studies on the French Enlightenment LIBRAIRIE DROZ II, RUE MASSOT GENEVE 1974 ...
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  33.  74
    “The Americas Seek Not Enlightenment but Liberation”: On the Philosophical Significance of Liberation for Philosophy in the Americas.Grant Silva - 2018 - The Pluralist 13 (2):1-21.
    This essay offers an account of the philosophical significance of liberation and prescribes the special place the idea of liberation ought to hold in the context of inter-American philosophical dialogue. Drawing from Latin American liberation philosophy, as well as philosophical and theoretical discourses and debates that can be considered part of a larger liberatory tradition, my goal is to explore the idea of liberation as a process, or perhaps more appropriately a praxis, harboring both critical and creative potentialities.
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  34.  6
    Rousseau, the Age of Enlightenment, and Their Legacies.Robert Wokler & Christopher Brooke - 2012 - Princeton University Press.
    Robert Wokler was one of the world's leading experts on Rousseau and the Enlightenment, but some of his best work was published in the form of widely scattered and difficult-to-find essays. This book collects for the first time a representative selection of his most important essays on Rousseau and the legacy of Enlightenment political thought. These essays concern many of the great themes of the age, including liberty, equality and the origins of revolution. But they also address a (...)
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  35.  64
    Capitalism or enlightenment?Ellen Meiksins Wood - 2000 - History of Political Thought 21 (3):405-426.
    Western conceptions of modernity — and, by extension, ‘postmodernity’ — typically conflate various historical processes, such as the development of capitalism and the rise of Enlightenment rationalism. Those conflations are also reflected in the identification of ‘bourgeois’ and ‘capitalist’. However, the cultural and intellectual forms of the French Enlightenment are distinct from the ideologies of capitalism. The Enlightenment belongs to a social, political and economic formation quite different from capitalist society. These differences affected conceptions of progress, science (...)
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  36.  21
    The "Thought of Enlightenment" in Fa-tsang's Hua-yen Buddhism.Dale S. Wright - 2001 - The Eastern Buddhist 33 (2):97-106.
    Hua-yen Buddhism, the pre-eminent philosophical form of Buddhism in early T'ang dynasty the China, was instrumental in laying the conceptual foundations for virtually all subsequent East Asian Buddhism. This Hua-yen legacy includes Ch' an/Zen and Pure Land, the non-philosophical forms of Buddhism that came to dominance in the centuries to follow. In this sense, Fa-tsang (643-712), the third patriarch and foremost philosopher of Hua-yen, can be considered one of the forefathers of East Asian Buddhism today. By focusing on one element (...)
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  37.  96
    Democracy without Enlightenment: A Jury Theorem for Evaluative Voting.Michael Morreau - 2020 - Journal of Political Philosophy 29 (2):188-210.
    Panels, boards, and committees throughout society evaluate all manner of things by grading them, first individually and then collectively. Thus risks are prioritized, research proposals are funded, and candidates are shortlisted for jobs. It is not usual to pick winners in political elections by grading the candidates, but there are examples in history. This article takes up a question about the quality of judgments and decisions made by grading: under which conditions are they likely to be right? An answer comes (...)
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  38.  19
    A Plea for an Integrated Historiography of Natural and Moral Philosophy in Enlightenment Scotland: A Programmatic Essay.Tamás Demeter - 2022 - Journal of Scottish Philosophy 20 (3):183-202.
    I begin with a diagnosis. Present-day scholarly work on the Scottish Enlightenment is bifurcated: it is either focused on the areas of moral philosophy or of natural philosophy, broadly construed in both cases. The aspiration to combine these inquiries is rare and unsystematic. This paper makes a case for the need and possibility of a perspective that conceives moral and natural inquiry as integrated enterprises in the period. It also suggests that potentially useful interpretive devices can be adopted from (...)
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  39.  15
    The curious enlightenment of professor Rorty.Graeme Garrard - 2000 - Critical Review: A Journal of Politics and Society 14 (4):421-439.
    Richard Rorty has devised a highly distinctive strategy for resisting what Michel Foucault once denounced as “the blackmail of the Enlightenment,” according to which one is forced to take a stand either for or against it. Rorty distinguishes between the liberal political values of the Enlightenment, which he embraces “unflinchingly,” and its universal philosophical claims about truth, reason and nature, which he completely renounces. Rorty argues that Enlightenment values are not sustained by “Enlightenment” metaphysics, and can (...)
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  40.  43
    Philosophical Dialogue in the British Enlightenment: Theology, Aesthetics and the Novel.Michael Prince - 1996 - Cambridge University Press.
    This book offers the first full-length study of philosophical dialogue during the English Enlightenment. It explains why important philosophers - Shaftesbury, Mandeville, Berkeley and Hume - and innumerable minor translators, imitators and critics wrote in and about dialogue during the eighteenth century; and why, after Hume, philosophical dialogue either falls out of use or undergoes radical transformation. Philosophical Dialogue in the British Enlightenment describes the extended, heavily coded, and often belligerent debate about the nature and proper management of (...)
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  41.  6
    Critical study from the enlightenment thought to the cultural industry: from Adorno’s perspective.Yan Chen - 2024 - Trans/Form/Ação 47 (4):e0240054.
    Resumen: El negocio cultural proporciona a la gente productos culturales estandarizados y estilizados con fines políticos específicos, transformándose en un arma de gobierno ideológica falsa y engañosa que paraliza la conciencia pública y elimina la individualidad, así como en cómplice del gobierno centralizado. La industria cultural sofoca la creatividad cultural y la individualidad humana para apoyar la autoridad capitalista mediante la infiltración ideológica. El objetivo de este artículo es promover la cultura al tiempo que se critica la industria cultural. El (...)
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  42.  6
    Political Thought of Hume and His Contemporaries: Enlightenment Projects.Frederick G. Whelan - 2014 - New York: Routledge.
    Intended for scholars in the fields of political theory, and the history of political thought, this two-volume examines David Hume's Political Thought and that of his contemporaries, including Smith, Blackstone, Burke and Robertson. This book is unified by its temporal focus on the middle and later decades of the eighteenth century and hence on what is usually taken to be the core period of the Enlightenment, a somewhat problematic term. Covering topics such as property, contract and resistance theory, religious (...)
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  43. Philosophers of the Scottish Enlightenment.V. Hope - 1984 - In Hope (ed.), Mind. pp. 472-474.
  44.  6
    Analysis and Contemporary Enlightenment of Mao Zedong Thought Based on Marxist Practice View—Taking the Agrarian Revolution as an Example.新蕾 苗 - 2022 - Advances in Philosophy 11 (3):177-180.
  45. The culture industry: enlightenment as mass deception, 1944.Theodor W. Adorno & Max Horkheimer - 2019 - In Christopher Want (ed.), Philosophers on film from Bergson to Badiou: a critical reader. New York: Columbia University Press.
     
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  46.  9
    The light in the enlightenment: Christianity and the secular heritage.Shabbir Akhtar - 1990 - London: Grey Seal.
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  47. The Skeptical Enlightenment: Doubt and Certainty in the Age of Reason.John Wright (ed.) - 2019 - Liverpool, UK:
     
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  48.  21
    The Pragmatist Enlightenment (and its Problematic Semantics).Robert B. Brandom - 2004 - European Journal of Philosophy 12 (1):1-16.
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  49.  64
    The Dialectic of Enlightenment: a contemporary reading.Yvonne Sherratt - 1999 - History of the Human Sciences 12 (3):35-54.
    The importance of the concept of subjectivity has been underestimated in the work of Theodor Adorno. In order to address this lacuna we make an interpretation of Adorno’s text Dialectic of Enlightenment, in the form of an ‘idealized’ narrative of enlightenment’s historical decline into its ‘self-conceived’ opposite, namely myth. Within this narrative we unravel the Freudian assumptions underlying Adorno’s work. We depict the form of subjectivity that Adorno regards as inextricably connected to enlightenment reason. We then analyse (...)
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  50. Civil religion, civic republicanism, and enlightenment in Rousseau.Lee Ward - 2016 - In Geoffrey C. Kellow & Neven Leddy (eds.), On Civic Republicanism: Ancient Lessons for Global Politics. University of Toronto Press.
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