Results for 'Environmental policy History'

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  1.  7
    Managing the Environment, Managing Ourselves: A History of American Environmental Policy.John Opie - 2001 - Environmental Ethics 23 (2):219-222.
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  2. Managing the Environment, Managing Ourselves: A History of American Environmental Policy[REVIEW]John Opie - 2001 - Environmental Ethics 23 (2):219-222.
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  3. Richard N. L. Andrews.Managing the Environment, Managing Ourselves: A History of American Environmental Policy. Xiii + 463 Pp., Illus., Fig., Notes, Bibls., Index. New Haven, Conn./London: Yale University Press, 1999. $70 ; $32.50. [REVIEW]Donato Bergandi - 2005 - Isis 96 (2):295-296.
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  4. Ecological Perception, Environmental Policy and Distributional Conflicts: Some Lessons From History.Joan Martinez-Alier - 1991 - In Robert Costanza (ed.), Ecological Economics: The Science and Management of Sustainability. Columbia University Press. pp. 118--136.
     
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  5.  13
    Green History: A Reader in Environmental Literature, Philosophy, and Politics.Derek Wall - 1994 - Routledge.
    Charting the origins of the modern ecology movement over more than two thousand years, this volume gives a voice to those hidden from history, revealing "green" themes within artistic and scientific thought. This title available in eBook format. Click here for more information . Visit our eBookstore at: www.ebookstore.tandf.co.uk.
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  6.  21
    Game Theory and Global Environmental Policy.Alfred Endres - 2004 - Poiesis and Praxis 3 (s 1-2):123-139.
    Economists interpret global environmental quality to be a pure public good. Each country should contribute to its provision. However, this is hard to achieve because each government is tempted to take a free ride on the other governments' efforts. Not only has this dilemma been analysed with game theoretical methods but game theory has also been used to think about how to make amends. This paper reviews the game theoretical discussion on how international policy frameworks may be designed (...)
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  7.  18
    History Lessons: What Urban Environmental Ethics Can Learn From Nineteenth Century Cities.Samantha Noll - 2015 - Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 28 (1):143-159.
    In this paper, I outline valuable insights that current theorists working in urban environmental ethics can gain from the analysis of nineteenth century urban contexts. Specifically, I argue that an analysis of urban areas during this time reveals two sets of competing metaphysical commitments that, when accepted, shift both the design of urban environments and our relationship with the natural world in these contexts. While one set of metaphysical commitments could help inform current projects in urban environmental ethics, (...)
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  8. The Columbia Guide to American Environmental History.Carolyn Merchant - 2005 - Cambridge University Press.
    How and why have Americans living at particular times and places used and transformed their environment? How have political systems dealt with conflicts over resources and conservation? This is the only major reference work to explore all the major themes and debates of the burgeoning field of environmental history. Humanity´s relationship with the natural world is one of the oldest and newest topics in human history. The issue emerged as a distinct field of scholarship in the early (...)
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  9.  25
    The Introduction of the Precautionary Principle in Danish Environmental Policy: The Case of Plant Growth Retardants. [REVIEW]Søren Løkke & Per Christensen - 2008 - Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 21 (3):229-247.
    In this paper, we investigate the Precautionary Principle (PP) in action. Precaution is a fairly new concept in environmental policy. It emerged back in the 1960s but did not consolidate until the 1980s, as it formed part of the major changes taking place in environmental policies at that time. The PP is examined in three contexts. Firstly, we look at the meaning of the concept and how it is disseminated through the media and public discourses to the (...)
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  10.  16
    Strategic Formulation and Communication of Corporate Environmental Policy Statements: UK Firms' Perspective. [REVIEW]George Kuk, Smeeta Fokeer & Woan Ting Hung - 2005 - Journal of Business Ethics 58 (4):375 - 385.
    . This paper suggests that most of the FTSE-listed firms in the United Kingdom use corporate environmental policy statements (CEPS) to communicate their strategic intent of what environmental and social targets to attain, and broad guidelines of how they will progressively achieve all the required changes and new developments. In this paper, we link the contents of CEPS of a sample of FTSE-listed firms (from the chemical, pharmaceutical and food industry that are committed to develop business excellence) (...)
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  11. Spaces of Consumption in Environmental History.Matthew W. Klingle - 2003 - History and Theory 42 (4):94–110.
    Consumption has emerged as an important historical subject, with most scholars explaining it as a vehicle for therapeutic regeneration, community formation, or economic policy. This work all but ignores how consumption begins with changes to the material world, to physical nature. While environmental historians have something important, even unique, to say about consumption, the split between materialist and cultural analyses within the field has dulled its ability to study consumption as a process and phenomenon that unfolds over space (...)
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  12. A Philosophy of Theoretical Ecology for Environmental Policy.Justin Donhauser - 2015 - Dissertation, University at Buffalo
    This dissertation addresses two questions at the center of critical debate about ecology’s ability to provide scientific guidance in efforts to address mounting environmental problems. The first concerns whether and, if so, how theoretical ecological models (TEMs) can usefully inform environmental policy and resource management decision-making. The second concerns whether and, if so, in what manner the entities such models characterize (i.e., ecological populations, communities, and systems) exist. Throughout this work, I clarify how these questions are, and (...)
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  13.  43
    Four Species of Reflexivity and History of Economics in Economic Policy Science.Eric Schliesser - 2011 - Journal of the Philosophy of History 5 (3):425-445.
    This paper argues that history of economics has a fruitful, underappreciated role to play in the development of economics, especially when understood as a policy science. This goes against the grain of the last half century during which economics, which has undergone a formal revolution, has distanced itself from its `literary' past and practices precisely with the aim to be a more successful policy science. The paper motivates the thesis by identifying and distinguishing four kinds of reflexivity (...)
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  14.  13
    From Environmental Ethics to Nature Conservation Policy: Natura 2000 and the Burden of Proof. [REVIEW]Humberto D. Rosa & Jorge Marques Da Silva - 2005 - Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 18 (2):107-130.
    Natura 2000 is a network of natural sites whose aim is to preserve species and habitats of relevance in the European Union. The policy underlying Natura 2000 has faced widespread opposition from land users and received extensive support from environmentalists. This paper addresses the ethical framework for Natura 2000 and the probable moral assumptions of its main stakeholders. Arguments for and against Natura 2000 were analyzed and classified according to “strong” or “weak” versions of the three main theories of (...)
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  15.  89
    Fish-Farming and the Precautionary Principle: Context and Values in Environmental Science for Policy[REVIEW]Matthias Kaiser - 1997 - Foundations of Science 2 (2):307-341.
    The paper starts with the assumption that the Precautionary Principle (PP) is one of the most important elements of the concept of sustainability. It is noted that PP has entered international treaties and national law. PP is widely referred to as a central principle of environmental policy. However, the precise content of PP remains largely unclear. In particular it seems unclear how PP relates to science. In section 2 of the paper a general overview of some historical and (...)
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  16. Ethics and Environmental Policy Theory Meets Practice.Frederick Ferré & Peter Härtel - 1994
     
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  17. The Ethics of Japan's Global Environmental Policy: The Conflict Between Principles and Practice.Midori Kagawa-Fox - 2012 - Routledge.
     
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  18. JR McNeill, Something New Under the Sun: An Environmental History of the Twentieth-Century World.D. Bedford - 2002 - Ethics, Policy and Environment 5:158-160.
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  19. Gordon G. Whitney, From Coastal Wilderness to Fruited Plain: A History of Environmental Change in Temperate North America From 1500 to the Present.T. Longcore - 2001 - Ethics, Policy and Environment 4:278-278.
     
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  20. Michael F. Logan, The Lessening Stream: An Environmental History of the Santa Cruz River.M. Sokol - 2003 - Ethics, Policy and Environment 6:86-88.
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  21.  34
    Implications of Liberal Neutrality for Environmental Policy.Cary Coglianese - 1998 - Environmental Ethics 20 (1):41-59.
    The principle of liberal neutrality requires governments to avoid acting to promote particular conceptions of the good life. Yet by determining who uses natural resources and how, environmental policy makers can affect the availability of resources needed by individuals to carry on meaningful lives and in doing so can effectively privilege some versions of the good life at the expense of others. A commitment to liberal neutrality by implication promotes environmental policy that accommodates competing activities in (...)
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  22.  9
    Distributional Obstacles to International Environmental Policy: The Failures at Rio and Prospects After Rio.Joan Martinez-Alier - 1993 - Environmental Values 2 (2):97-124.
    The concept of 'sustainable development' as used by the Brundtland Commission was meant to separate environmental policy from distributional conflicts. Increases in income sometimes are beneficial for the environment, but higher incomes have meant higher emissions of greenhouse gases, and higher rates of genetic erosion. In the aftermath of the Rio conference of June 1992, this article analyses some unavoidable links between distributional conflicts and environmental policy. Often, environmental movements have tried to keep environmental (...)
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  23.  13
    Privatising the Past? History and Education Policy in the 1990s.Gary McCulloch - 1997 - British Journal of Educational Studies 45 (1):69 - 82.
    A fundamental shift has taken place in the relationship between images of the past and educational policy making. In the 1930s and 1940s, a shared public past was incorporated in State policy to denote gradual evolution towards improvement in education and in the wider society. This consensual image has become fractured and less comforting especially since the 1970s. In particular, it has divided into a largely alienated or estranged public past, and personalised images of a reassuring and nostalgic (...)
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  24.  5
    Ethics and Values in Environmental Policy: The Said and the UNCED.Paul P. Craig, Harold Glasser & Willett Kempton - 1993 - Environmental Values 2 (2):137 - 157.
    While citizens often use non-instrumental arguments to support environmental protection, most governmental policies are justified by instrumental arguments. This paper explores some of the reasons. We interviewed senior policy advisors to four European governments active in global climate change negotiations and the UNCED (United Nations Conference on Environment and Development) process. In response to our questions, a majority of these advisors articulated deeply held personal environmental values. They told us that they normally keep these values separate from (...)
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  25.  2
    Can We Talk Ourselves Into Sustainability? The Role of Discourse in the Environmental Policy Process.Y. Rydin - 1999 - Environmental Values 8 (4):467-484.
    There has been a recent expansion of work within a variety of theoretical frameworks which looks at the role of discourses in policy and politics,much of it focused on environmental issues. Within this there is a particular category of polemical material which argues for discourse management and for managing discourse between actors to wards achieving a particular goal, such as sustainable development. The paper examines the different ways in which the significance of environmental discourse is recognised and (...)
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  26.  2
    Environmental Policy With Integrity: A Lesson From the Discursive Dilemma.Kenneth Shockley - 2009 - Environmental Values 18 (2):177 - 199.
    In response to what has been called the discursive dilemma, Christian List has argued that the nature of the public agenda facing deliberative bodies indicates the appropriate form of decision procedure or deliberative process. In this paper I consider the particular case of environmental policy where we are faced with pressures not only from deliberators and stakeholders, but also in response to dynamic changes in the environment itself. As a consequence of this dilemma I argue that insofar as (...)
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  27.  37
    Ecological Rationality: Reason and Environmental Policy.Robert V. Bartlett - 1986 - Environmental Ethics 8 (3):221-239.
    Ecological rationality is a concept important to most environmental and natural resources policy and to much policy-relevant literature and research. Yet ecological rationality as a distinctive form of reason can only be understood and appreciated in the context of a larger body of work on the general concept of rationality. In particular, Herbert Simon’s differentiation between substantive and proceduralrationality and Paul Diesing’s specification of forms of practical reason are useful tools in mapping and defining ecological rationality. The (...)
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  28. Science and Environmental Policy: The Role of Nongovernmental Organizations.Michael Oppenheimer - 2006 - Social Research: An International Quarterly 73 (3):881-890.
    Public debates on science as it intersects with environmental policy are distorted by interests with resources deployed to amplify aberrant points of view and government that too often misrepresents and dissembles. Strengthening the scientific capabilities of nongovernmental organizations would contribute to maintaining balance in the public debate. To improve the quality of participation by all interests, the scientific culture itself, which could provide a bulwark against misrepresentation, must become more inclusive.
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  29.  47
    Naess's Deep Ecology Approach and Environmental Policy.Harold Glasser - 1996 - Inquiry 39 (2):157 – 187.
    A clarification of Naess's ?depth metaphor? is offered. The relationship between Naess's empirical semantics and communication theory and his deep ecology approach to ecophilosophy (DEA) is developed. Naess's efforts to highlight significant conflicts by eliminating misunderstandings and promoting deep problematizing are focused upon. These insights are used to develop the implications of the DEA for environmental policy. Naess's efforts to promote the integration of science, ethics, and politics are related to the National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA). (...)
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  30. Philosophy and the Precautionary Principle: Science, Evidence, and Environmental Policy.Daniel Steel - 2014 - Cambridge University Press.
    Scholars in philosophy, law, economics and other fields have widely debated how science, environmental precaution, and economic interests should be balanced in urgent contemporary problems, such as climate change. One controversial focus of these discussions is the precautionary principle, according to which scientific uncertainty should not be a reason for delay in the face of serious threats to the environment or health. While the precautionary principle has been very influential, no generally accepted definition of it exists and critics charge (...)
     
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  31.  27
    It's Good to Talk: Deliberative Institutions for Environmental Policy.Jonathan Aldred - 2002 - Philosophy and Geography 5 (2):133 – 152.
    Most applications of cost-benefit analysis in environmental policy, and almost all the controversial cases, involve the use of contingent valuation (CV) surveys. There is now a relatively well-developed critique of CV as a method of public consultation on environmental issues. Theories of deliberative democracy have been invoked which question the individualistic, preference-based calculus of CV. A particular deliberative institution which has recently received much attention is the citizens' jury (CJ). While CJs and other deliberative institutions have come (...)
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  32.  31
    Rhetoric of Environmental Policy: From Critical Practice to the Social Construction of Theory.Craig Waddell - 1994 - Social Epistemology 8 (3):289 – 310.
    (1994). Rhetoric of environmental policy: From critical practice to the social construction of theory. Social Epistemology: Vol. 8, Public Indifference to Population Issues, pp. 289-310.
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  33. Strategic Formulation and Communication of Corporate Environmental Policy Statements: UK Firms’ Perspective.George Kuk, Smeeta Fokeer & Woan Ting Hung - 2005 - Journal of Business Ethics 58 (4):375-385.
    This paper suggests that most of the FTSE-listed firms in the United Kingdom use corporate environmental policy statements to communicate their strategic intent of what environmental and social targets to attain, and broad guidelines of how they will progressively achieve all the required changes and new developments. In this paper, we link the contents of CEPS of a sample of FTSE-listed firms to the voluntary participation in the environmental benchmarking exercise and the various levels of (...) performance therein. The findings suggest that in contrast to their non-participating counterparts, the strategic focus of the participating firms transcends from simply mitigating any potential damages that their operations might have on the environment to business process reengineering and building new implementation capabilities. However, not all of the participating firms achieved excellence in their environmental performance, the high performing firms outweighed their counterparts on their emphasis on technological competence and competitiveness, and interestingly, the average-performing firms would use the strategic emphasis on social responsibility to compensate for their mediocre technological competence. (shrink)
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  34.  5
    National Environmental Policy Development for Sustainable Economic Growth in Developing Countries: A Case Study of Pakistan.Syed Shahbaz Hussain & Pirzada Sami Ullah Sabri - 2014 - International Journal of Social Quality 4 (1):78-94.
    This article analyzes and explores what policies Pakistan adopted to tackle its environmental challenges, effects and outcomes. The research consists of an overview of Pakistan's national environmental policy development and explains the motives and reasons to understand in what context the state formulates these policies. It also makes assessments and evaluations about to what extent policies are successful in achieving their objectives. The study suggests some implications of the Pakistan experience to cope with the global challenges of (...)
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  35. Implementation Failure or Policy Making? How Do We Theorise the Implementation of European Union Environmental Legislation?Andrew Jordan - 1995 - Centre for Social and Economic Research on the Global Environment.
     
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  36.  1
    Rising Tides: A History of the Environmental Revolution and Visions for an Ecological Age.Rory Spowers - 2002 - Canongate.
    Rising Tidesis an extensively researched and engagingly written examination of the many factors that have shaped ecological thought.
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  37.  10
    Integrating Culture and Community Into Environmental Policy: Community Tradition and Farm Size in Conservation Decision Making. [REVIEW]Jason Shaw Parker - 2013 - Agriculture and Human Values 30 (2):159-178.
    Community research by anthropologists and sociologists details the effects that centralization of decision making has on local communities. As governance and regulation move toward global scales, conservation policy has devolved to the local levels, creating tensions in resource management and protection. Centralization without local participation can place communities at risk by eroding the environmental knowledge and decision making capacity of local people. Environmental problems such as water quality impairments require perception, interpretation, and ability to act locally. Through (...)
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  38.  25
    Entangled Affiliations and Attitudes: An Analysis of the Influences on Environmental Policy Stakeholders' Behavioral Intentions. [REVIEW]Mark Cordano, Irene Hanson Frieze & Kimberly M. Ellis - 2004 - Journal of Business Ethics 49 (1):27-40.
    We examined attitudes as one potential influence on the behavioral intentions of three stakeholder groups commonly in conflict. Business managers (n = 97), government environmental regulators (n = 69), and active members of pro-environmental groups (n = 49) were surveyed to assess the differences among these groups in their attitudes toward property rights, environmental regulation, and technology. We compared the influence of these attitudes and stakeholder group affiliation on intentions to engage in pro-environmental behavior. The attitudes (...)
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  39.  13
    Risk of Public Disclosure in Environmental Farm Plan Programs: Characteristics and Mitigating Legal and Policy Strategies. [REVIEW]Emmanuel K. Yiridoe - 2000 - Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 13 (1):101-120.
    Although various studies have shown thatfarmers believe there is the need for a producer-ledinitiative to address the environmental problems fromagriculture, farmers in several Canadian provinceshave been reluctant to widely participate inEnvironmental Farm Plan (EFP) programs. Few studieshave examined the key issues associated with adoptingEFP programs based on farmers', as opposed to policymakers', perspectives on why producers are reluctantto participate in the program. A study adapting VanRaaij's (1981) conceptual model of the decision-makingenvironment of the firm, and prospect theory on valuefunctions (...)
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  40. Distributive Justice in International Environmental Policy: Axiomatic Foundation and Exemplary Formulation.C. Helm & U. E. Simonis - 2001 - Environmental Values 10 (1):5-18.
    Proceeding on a limited number of general, widely accepted equity criteria, we develop a proposal for distributing common resources. In particular, the proposed fair division mechanism is individually rational, envy-free, Pareto-efficient and satisfies the stand alone test, which follows as a minimum requirement from the resource and population monotonicity criteria. Applied to international climate policy, the thrust of this proposal is that the South should initially be fully compensated for the greenhouse gas abatement measures it is to undertake as (...)
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  41.  31
    Nature in Common?: Environmental Ethics and the Contested Foundations of Environmental Policy.Ben Minteer (ed.) - 2009 - Temple University Press.
    This important book brings together leading environmental thinkers to debate a central conflict within environmental philosophy: Should we appreciate nature ...
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  42.  32
    Policy Design for Human Embryo Research in Canada: A History (Part 1 of 2). [REVIEW]Françoise Baylis & Matthew Herder - 2009 - Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 6 (1):109-122.
    This article is the first in a two-part review of policy design for human embryo research in Canada. In this article we explain how this area of research is circumscribed by law promulgated by the federal Parliament (the Assisted Human Reproduction Act ) and by guidelines issued by the Tri-Agencies (the Tri-Council Policy Statement: Ethical Conduct for Research Involving Humans and Updated Guidelines for Human Pluripotent Stem Cell Research ). In so doing, we provide the first comprehensive account (...)
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  43.  25
    The Relevance of Environmental Ethical Theories for Policy Making.Mikael Stenmark - 2009 - In Ben A. Minteer (ed.), Environmental Ethics. Temple University Press. pp. 135-148.
    I address the issue of whether differences in ethical theory have any relevance for the practical issues of environmental management and policy making. Norton’s answer, expressed as a convergence hypothesis, is that environmentalists are evolving toward a consensus in policy even though they remain divided regarding basic values. I suggest that there are good reasons for rejecting Norton’s position.I elaborate on these reasons, first, by distinguishing between different forms of anthropocentrism and nonanthropocentrism, second, by contrasting the different (...)
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  44.  22
    The Relevance of Environmental Ethical Theories for Policy Making.Mikael Stenmark - 2002 - Environmental Ethics 24 (2):135-148.
    I address the issue of whether differences in ethical theory have any relevance for the practical issues of environmental management and policy making. Norton’s answer, expressed as a convergence hypothesis, is that environmentalists are evolving toward a consensus in policy even though they remain divided regarding basic values. I suggest that there are good reasons for rejecting Norton’s position.I elaborate on these reasons, first, by distinguishing between different forms of anthropocentrism and nonanthropocentrism, second, by contrasting the different (...)
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  45. The Relevance of Environmental Ethical Theories for Policy Making.Mikael Stenmark - 2002 - Environmental Ethics 24 (2):135-148.
    I address the issue of whether differences in ethical theory have any relevance for the practical issues of environmental management and policy making. Norton’s answer, expressed as a convergence hypothesis, is that environmentalists are evolving toward a consensus in policy even though they remain divided regarding basic values. I suggest that there are good reasons for rejecting Norton’s position.I elaborate on these reasons, first, by distinguishing between different forms of anthropocentrism and nonanthropocentrism, second, by contrasting the different (...)
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  46.  38
    Exponential Growth, Animal Welfare, Environmental and Food Safety Impact: The Case of China's Livestock Production. [REVIEW]Peter J. Li - 2009 - Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 22 (3):217-240.
    Developmental states are criticized for rapid “industrialization without enlightenment.” In the last 30 years, China’s breathtaking growth has been achieved at a high environmental and food safety cost. This article, utilizing a recent survey of China’s livestock industry, illustrates the initiating role of China’s developmental state in the exponential expansion of the country’s livestock production. The enthusiastic response of the livestock industry to the many state policy incentives has made China the world’s biggest animal farming nation. Shortage of (...)
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  47.  18
    Biology and Philosophy in Yellowstone.Holmes Rolston - 1990 - Biology and Philosophy 5 (2):241-258.
    Yellowstone National Park poses critical issues in biology and philosophy. Among these are (1) how to value nature, especially at the ecosystem level, and whether to let nature take its course or employ hands-on scientific management; (2) the meaning of natural as this operates in park policy; (3) establishing biological claims on th scale of regional systems; (4) the interplay of natural and cultural history, involving both native and European Americans; (5) and sociopolitical forces as determinants in biological (...)
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  48.  5
    Information Technology in Municipal Environmental Policy: Automated Registration, Sure, but What About Expert Systems? [REVIEW]Kris van Koppen & David Goldsborough - 1990 - Knowledge, Technology & Policy 3 (3):91-98.
    Dutch municipalities are confronted with an increased number of prescribed environmental tasks and also with a growing demand, both from the central government and environmental pressure groups, to undertake environmental activities on their own initiative. This development over-taxed the information management of most municipalities. In the past few years, computer technology was introduced to relieve part of this pressure (e.g., by automation of registration systems). In this article we present a classification of computer applications for environmental (...)
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  49.  5
    Environmental Policy and Environmental Thought: Commoner and Ruckelshaus.Charles T. Rubin - 1989 - Environmental Ethics 11 (1):27-51.
    A close examination of the major works of Barry Commoner provides insight into some of the assumptions that characterize current environmental debate, particularly over the risk/benefit approach brought to the EPA by William Ruckelshaus . Commoner’s analysis of environmental problems depends much more on what Ruckelshaus would call his own “vision of how we want the world to be” than on scientificfindings. I trace this vision through Commoner’s commitment to socialist political change to a profound belief in the (...)
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  50.  23
    The Policy Turn in Environmental Ethics.Robert Frodeman - 2006 - Environmental Ethics 28 (1):3-20.
    A policy turn in environmental philosophy means a shift from philosophers writing philosophy essays for other philosophers to doing interdisciplinary research and working on projects with public agencies, policy makers, and the private sector. Despite some steps in this direction, a policy turn remains largely unrealized within the community of environmental philosophers. Completing this shift can contribute to better decision making, help discover new areas for philosophic investigation at the intersection of philosophy and policy, (...)
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