Results for 'Environmental sciences History'

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  1. Biology as History Papers From International Conferences Sponsored by the California Academy of Sciences in San Francisco and the Museo Civico di Storia Naturale in Milan.Giovanni Pinna, Michael T. Ghiselin, California Academy of Sciences & Museo Civico di Storia Naturale di Milano - 1996 - Società Italiana di Scienze Naturali E Museo Civico di Storia Naturale di Milano.
  2. The Norton History of the Environmental Sciences.Peter J. Bowler - 1993
     
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  3. Images of the Earth Essays in the History of the Environmental Sciences.L. J. Jordanova, Roy Porter & British Society for the History of Science - 1979
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  4. Geology Images of the Earth: Essays in the History of the Environmental Sciences. Edited by L. J. Jordanova and Roy Porter. Chalfont St Giles: British Society for the History of Science, 1979. BSHS Monographs, 1. Pp. Xx + 282. £5.95. [REVIEW]Joe D. Burchfield - 1980 - British Journal for the History of Science 13 (2):162.
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  5. Images of the Earth: Essays in the History of the Environmental Sciences by L. J. Jordanova; R. S. Porter. [REVIEW]Rachel Laudan - 1980 - Isis: A Journal of the History of Science 71:498-499.
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  6. Michael Shortland , Science and Nature: Essays in the History of the Environmental Sciences. BSHS Monographs, 8. Oxford: British Society for the History of Science, 1993. Pp. Viii + 291. ISBN 0-906450-08-X. £10.00. [REVIEW]Malcolm Nicolson - 1994 - British Journal for the History of Science 27 (4):484.
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  7. Peter J. Bowler, The Fontana History of Environmental Sciences. Fontana History of Science Series. London: Fontana Press, 1992. Pp. Xv + 634. ISBN 0-00-686184-9. £8.99. [REVIEW]Malcolm Nicolson - 1994 - British Journal for the History of Science 27 (2):221.
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  8.  5
    Adams, Guy and Balfour, Danny (1998) Unmasking Administrative Evil, Thousand Oaks: Sage. Allen, Beverly and Russo, Mary (1997) Revisioning Italy: National Identity and Global Culture, Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press. Bowler, Peter (1992) The Norton History of the Environmental Sciences, New York: W. [REVIEW]W. Norton, Michael P. Brown, Paul Cloke, Jo Little, Verena Andermatt Conley, Irene Diamond, Peter Dickens, Roger Gottlieb, Olavi Grano & Anssi Paasi - 1999 - Ethics, Place and Environment 2 (1).
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  9. Earth Sciences-Images of the Earth: Essays in the History of the Environmental Sciences.Ludmilla Jordanova, Roy Porter & D. Oldroyd - 1999 - Annals of Science 56 (3):326-327.
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  10.  14
    Green History: A Reader in Environmental Literature, Philosophy, and Politics.Derek Wall - 1994 - Routledge.
    Charting the origins of the modern ecology movement over more than two thousand years, this volume gives a voice to those hidden from history, revealing "green" themes within artistic and scientific thought. This title available in eBook format. Click here for more information . Visit our eBookstore at: www.ebookstore.tandf.co.uk.
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  11.  21
    Observations on the Nature and Culture of Environmental History.J. R. McNeill - 2003 - History and Theory 42 (4):5–43.
    5-43 This article aims to consider the robust field of environmental history as a whole, as it stands and as it has developed over the past twenty-five years around the world. It necessarily adopts a selective approach but still offers more breadth than depth. It treats the links between environmental history and other fields within history, and with other related disciplines such as geography. It considers the precursors of environmental history, its emergence since (...)
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  12.  23
    The Problematic Nature of Nature: The Post-Constructivist Challenge to Environmental History.Kristin Asdal - 2003 - History and Theory 42 (4):60–74.
    This article discusses the program of environmental history within the larger discipline of history and contrasts it with more recent contributions from post-constructivist science. It explores the ways in which post-constructivism has the potential to productively address many of the shortcomings of environmental history’s theories and models that environmental historians themselves have begun to view with a critical eye. The post-constructivist authors discussed in this article, Donna Haraway and Bruno Latour, both represent challenges to (...)
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  13. The Modern World-Systemas Environmental History? Ecology and the Rise of Capitalism.Jason W. Moore - 2003 - Theory and Society 32 (3):307-377.
    This article considers the emergence of world environmental history as a rapidly growing but undertheorized research field. Taking as its central problematic the gap between the fertile theorizations of environmentally-oriented social scientists and the empirically rich studies of world environmental historians, the article argues for a synthesis of theory and history in the study of longue dureesocio-ecological change. This argument proceeds in three steps. First, I offer an ecological reading of Immanuel Wallerstein's The Modern World-System. Wallerstein's (...)
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  14.  3
    Essay Reviews: Caught Between the Nature/Society Divide: Environmental History at a Crossroads *.Matthias Gross - 2003 - History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 25 (1):93-107.
  15.  14
    Plausible Worlds: Possibility and Understanding in History and the Social Sciences.Geoffrey Hawthorn - 1991 - Cambridge University Press.
    Possibilities haunt history. The force of our explanations of events turns on the alternative possibilities those explanations suggest. It is these possible worlds that give us our understanding ; and in human affairs, we decide them by practical rather than theoretical judgment. In this widely acclaimed account of the role of counterfactuals in explanation, Geoffrey Hawthorn deploys extended examples to defend his argument. His conclusions cast doubt on existing assumptions about the nature and place of theory, and indeed of (...)
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  16.  6
    Global Trade in GM Food and the Cartagena Protocol on Biosafety: Consequences for China. [REVIEW]Dayuan Xue & Clem Tisdell - 2002 - Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 15 (4):337-356.
    The UN Cartagena Protocol onBiosafety adopted in Montreal, 29 January, 2000and opened for signature in Nairobi, 15–26 May,2000 will exert a profound effect oninternational trade in genetically modifiedorganisms (GMOs) and their products. In thispaper, the potential effects of variousarticles of the Protocol on international tradein GMOs are analyzed. Based on the presentstatus of imports of GMOs and domestic researchand development of biotechnology in China,likely trends in imports of foreign GM food andrelated products after China accedes to WTO isexplored. Also, China's (...)
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  17.  21
    A History and Theory of the Social Sciences: Not All That is Solid Melts Into Air.Peter Wagner - 2001 - Sage Publications.
    Divided into two parts this book examines the train of social theory from the 19th century, through to the `organization of modernity', in relation to ideas of social planning, and as contributors to the `rationalistic revolution' of the `golden age' of capitalism in the 1950s and 60s. Part two examines key concepts in the social sciences. It begins with some of the broadest concepts used by social scientists: choice, decision, action and institution and moves on to examine the `collectivist (...)
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  18. A History and Philosophy of the Social Sciences.Peter T. Manicas - 1987 - Blackwell.
  19. Why Does History Matter to Philosophy and the Sciences?Lorenz Krüger, Thomas Sturm, Wolfgang Carl & Lorraine Daston (eds.) - 2005 - Walter DeGruyter.
    What are the relationships between philosophy and the history of philosophy, the history of science and the philosophy of science? This selection of essays by Lorenz Krüger (1932-1994) presents exemplary studies on the philosophy of John Locke and Immanuel Kant, on the history of physics and on the scope and limitations of scientific explanation, and a realistic understanding of science and truth. In his treatment of leading currents in 20th century philosophy, Krüger presents new and original arguments (...)
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  20. Philosophy of the Environmental Sciences.Jay Odenbaugh - 2010 - In P. D. Magnus & Jacob Busch (eds.), New Waves in Philosophy of Science. Palgrave-Macmillan.
    In this essay, I consider three philosophical issues that arise in the environmental sciences. First, these sciences depend on mathematical models and simulations which are highly idealized and are coupled with very uncertain data. Why should we trust these models and simulations? Second, in standard hypothesis testing, the burden of proof is in favor of the null hypothesis which claims some causal factor has no effect. The alternative hypothesis is accepted only when the likelihood of the null (...)
     
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  21. The Problem of Nature Environment, Culture and European Expansion.David Arnold - 1996
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  22.  29
    History and the History of the Human Sciences: What Voice?Roger Smith - 1997 - History of the Human Sciences 10 (3):22-39.
    This paper discusses the historical voice in the history of the human sci ences. I address the question, 'Who speaks?', as a question about disci plinary identities and conventions of writing - identities and conventions which have the appearance of conditions of knowledge, in an area of activity where academic history and the history of science or intellectual history meet. If, as this paper contends, the subject-matter of the history of the human sciences is (...)
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  23.  55
    The Historical Imagination in the Human Sciences Introduction: The Historical Imagination and the History of the Human Sciences.James Good - 2000 - History of the Human Sciences 13 (4):97-101.
    The historical imagination, as Hayden White has reminded us, is not singular;\nit is manifest in many forms (White, 1973). Not surprisingly, this diversity\nis reflected within the pages of History of the Human Sciences and in the four papers that follow. Indeed, from its inception, the journal has sought to\npromote a variety of styles of writing, representing the many voices that have\nan interest in the human sciences and their history.\nIn the opening article, Roger Smith suggests that a (...)
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    The Ethical Significance of Language in the Environmental Sciences: Case Studies From Pollution Research.Kevin C. Elliott - 2009 - Ethics, Place and Environment 12 (2):157 – 173.
    This paper examines how ethically significant assumptions and values are embedded not only in environmental policies but also in the language of the environmental sciences. It shows, based on three case studies associated with contemporary pollution research, how the choice of scientific categories and terms can have at least four ethically significant effects: influencing the future course of scientific research; altering public awareness or attention to environmental phenomena; affecting the attitudes or behavior of key decision makers; (...)
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  25. Inhibition, History and Meaning in the Sciences of Mind and Brain (Greta Jones).R. Smith - 1994 - History of the Human Sciences 7:121-121.
    In everyday parlance, "inhibition" suggests repression, tight control, the opposite of freedom. In medicine and psychotherapy the term is commonplace, its definition understood. Relating how inhibition—the word and the concept—became a bridge between society at large and the natural sciences of mind and brain, Smith constructs an engagingly original history of our view of ourselves. Not until the late nineteenth century did the term "inhibition" become common in English, connoting the dependency of reason and of civilization itself on (...)
     
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  26.  1
    Rising Tides: A History of the Environmental Revolution and Visions for an Ecological Age.Rory Spowers - 2002 - Canongate.
    Rising Tidesis an extensively researched and engagingly written examination of the many factors that have shaped ecological thought.
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  27.  33
    Biodiversity and Environmental Philosophy: An Introduction.Sahotra Sarkar - 2005 - Cambridge University Press.
    This book explores the epistemological and ethical issues at the foundations of environmental philosophy, emphasising the conservation of biodiversity. Sahota Sarkar criticises attempts to attribute intrinsic value to nature and defends an anthropocentric position on biodiversity conservation based on an untraditional concept of transformative value. Unlike other studies in the field of environmental philosophy, this book is as much concerned with epistemological issues as with environmental ethics. It covers a broad range of topics, including problems of explanation (...)
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  28.  29
    Ethology, Natural History, the Life Sciences, and the Problem of Place.Richard W. Burkhardt - 1999 - Journal of the History of Biology 32 (3):489 - 508.
    Investigators of animal behavior since the eighteenth century have sought to make their work integral to the enterprises of natural history and/or the life sciences. In their efforts to do so, they have frequently based their claims of authority on the advantages offered by the special places where they have conducted their research. The zoo, the laboratory, and the field have been major settings for animal behavior studies. The issue of the relative advantages of these different sites has (...)
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  29.  37
    Why Study History? On Its Epistemic Benefits and Its Relation to the Sciences.Stephen R. Grimm - forthcoming - Philosophy.
    I try to return the focus of the philosophy of history to the nature of understanding, with a particular emphasis on Louis Mink’s project of exploring how historical understanding compares to the understanding we find in the natural sciences. On the whole, I come to a conclusion that Mink almost certainly would not have liked: that the understanding offered by history has a very similar epistemic profile to the understanding offered by the sciences, a similarity that (...)
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  30.  4
    Animals and the Intimacy of History.Brett L. Walker - 2013 - History and Theory 52 (4):45-67.
    This article surveys recent historical writings on animals. Its principal concerns are the manner in which historians grant agency to animals and how that agency functions in historical narration. The article examines the histories of animals in Asia, the Indian subcontinent, and North America in order to tease out the similarities and differences of human experiences with other animals. The foundational premise of the article is that humans are animals, sometimes even a meaty prey species, and that, as such, they (...)
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  31. Integrating History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences in Practice to Enhance Science Education: Swammerdam's Historia Insectorum Generalis and the Case of the Water Flea.Catherine Kendig - 2013 - Science and Education 22 (8):1939-1961.
    Hasok Chang (Science & Education 20:317–341, 2011) shows how the recovery of past experimental knowledge, the physical replication of historical experiments, and the extension of recovered knowledge can increase scientific understanding. These activities can also play an important role in both science and history and philosophy of science education. In this paper I describe the implementation of an integrated learning project that I initiated, organized, and structured to complement a course in history and philosophy of the life (...) (HPLS). The project focuses on the study and use of descriptions, observations, experiments, and recording techniques used by early microscopists to classify various species of water flea. The first published illustrations and descriptions of the water flea were included in the Dutch naturalist Jan Swammerdam’s, Historia Insectorum Generalis (1669) (Algemeene verhandeling van de bloedeloose dierkens. t’Utrrecht, Meinardus van Dreunen, ordinaris Drucker van d’Academie). After studying these, we first used the descriptions, techniques, and nomenclature recovered to observe, record, and classify the specimens collected from our university ponds. We then used updated recording techniques and image-based keys to observe and identify the specimens. The implementation of these newer techniques was guided in part by the observations and records that resulted from our use of the recovered historical methods of investigation. The series of HPLS labs constructed as part of this interdisciplinary project provided a space for students to consider and wrestle with the many philosophical issues that arise in the process of identifying an unknown organism and offered unique learning opportunities that engaged students’ curiosity and critical thinking skills. (shrink)
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  32.  4
    Kant and the Human Sciences: Biology, Anthropology and History.Alix Cohen - 2009 - Palgrave-Macmillan.
    Kant famously identified 'What is man?' as the fundamental question that encompasses the whole of philosophy. Yet surprisingly, there has been no concerted effort amongst Kant scholars to examine Kant's actual philosophy of man. This book, which is inspired by, and part of, the recent movement that focuses on the empirical dimension of Kant's works, is the first sustained attempt to extract from his writings on biology, anthropology and history an account of the human sciences, their underlying unity, (...)
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  33.  72
    Why Does History Matter to Philosophy and the Sciences? Editor's Introduction.Thomas Sturm, Wolfgang Carl & Lorraine Daston - 2005 - In Thomas Sturm, Wolfgang Carl & Lorraine Daston (eds.), Why does history matter to philosophy and the sciences? De Gruyter.
  34. Jean Starobinski and the History of the Human Sciences.Jean Starobinski - 1992 - History of the Human Sciences 5 (1).
     
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  35. Changing Metaphors in History of the Human Sciences.John C. Burnham - 2000 - History of the Human Sciences 13 (4):121-124.
    A generation or more ago, as the Cold War flourished, the continental European\nscholars whom I met seemed odd to me. They were, virtually without\nexception, totally preoccupied with whether their scholarship harmonized\nwith Marxism or refuted Marxism. This focus cut across disciplinary lines.\nIndeed, a basic assumption united these colleagues: the scholars’ world,\nwhether Karl Marx or Max Weber, consisted of centralized bureaucracies\nsuitable for socialism or at least for orderly organization.\nNorth American scholars shared with the Europeans, not the preoccupation\nwith Marxism, but the idea that (...)
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    Jean Starobinski and the History of the Human Sciences.Fernando Vidal - 1992 - History of the Human Sciences 5 (1):73-85.
    The name of the Genevan critic Jean Starobinski will most likely evoke masterful\nreadings of Rousseau and Montaigne, or insightful reconstructions of the world\nof the Enlightenment. With the possible exception of the history of melancholy,\nmuch more rarely will it be associated with the history of psychology and\npsychiatry. A small number of the critic’s contributions to this field have\nappeared in some of his books. Most of them, however, remain scattered, and\nnothing suggests that they are known as widely as they deserve.\nStarobinski’s (...)
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  37.  5
    Public Health and Environmentalism: Adding Garbarge to the History of Environmental Ethics.Christopher J. Preston & Steven H. Corey - 2005 - Environmental Ethics 27 (1):3-21.
    There exists in the United States a popular account of the historical roots of environmental philosophy which is worth noting not simply as a matter of historical interest, but also as a source book for some of the key ideas that lend shape to contemporary North American environmental philosophy. However, this folk wisdom about the historical beginnings of North American environmental thinking is incomplete. The wilderness-based history commonly used by environmental philosophers should be supplemented with (...)
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  38.  13
    The "Metaphor of Life": Herder's Philosophy of History and Uneven Developments in Late Eighteenth-Century Natural Sciences.Elías Palti - 1999 - History and Theory 38 (3):322–347.
    The origins of the evolutionary concept of history have normally been associated with the development of an organicist notion of society. The meaning of this notion, in turn, has been assumed as something perfectly established and clear, almost self-evident. This assumption has prevented any close scrutiny of it. As this article tries to show, the idea of "organism" that underlies the emergence of the evolutionary concept of history, far from being "self-evident," has an intricate history and underwent (...)
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  39.  9
    The Cambridge History of Science: The Modern Social Sciences.Theodore M. Porter & Dorothy Ross - 2003 - History of Science 7.
    Forty-two essays by authors from five continents and many disciplines provide a synthetic account of the history of the social sciences-including behavioral and economic sciences since the late eighteenth century. The authors emphasize the cultural and intellectual preconditions of social science, and its contested but important role in the history of the modern world. While there are many historical books on particular disciplines, there are very few about the social sciences generally, and none that deal (...)
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  40. Public Health and Environmentalism: Adding Garbarge to the History of Environmental Ethics.Christopher J. Preston & Steven H. Corey - 2005 - Environmental Ethics 27 (1):3-21.
    There exists in the United States a popular account of the historical roots of environmental philosophy which is worth noting not simply as a matter of historical interest, but also as a source book for some of the key ideas that lend shape to contemporary North American environmental philosophy. However, this folk wisdom about the historical beginnings of North American environmental thinking is incomplete. The wilderness-based history commonly used by environmental philosophers should be supplemented with (...)
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  41.  12
    Understanding in the Social Sciences and History.Rolf Gruner - 1967 - Inquiry 10 (1-4):151 – 163.
    Understanding in its widest sense is the aim of all rational knowledge. A distinction can be made between interpretation (leading to the understanding of meanings) and explanation (leading to the understanding of facts). The view that in the social sciences facts and meanings are the same is criticized. In respect of the specific understanding of human and social facts empathetic and rational understanding are distinguished and some of the difficulties pointed out inherent in both, in particular with regard to (...)
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  42. Reviews : Peter T. Manicas, A History and Philosophy of the Social Sciences, Oxford: Basil Blackwell, 1987, £29.50, 345 Pp. [REVIEW]John A. Hughes - 1988 - History of the Human Sciences 1 (2):293-295.
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  43. Reviews : Wilhelm Dilthey (Trans. Ramon J. Betanzos), Introduction to the Human Sciences: An Attempt to Lay a Foundation for the Study of Society and History, Hemel Hempstead: Harvester/Wheatsheaf, 1989, Paper £10.95, 386 Pp. [REVIEW]David Frisby - 1991 - History of the Human Sciences 4 (1):122-125.
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  44. Earth Sciences History by Gerald M. Friedman. [REVIEW]David Oldroyd - 1990 - Isis: A Journal of the History of Science 81:302-303.
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  45.  32
    Introduction to the Human Sciences: An Attempt to Lay a Foundation for the Study of Society and History.Wilhelm Dilthey - 1988 - Wayne State University Press.
    This book is a pioneering effort to elaborate a general theory of the human sciences, especially history, and to distinguish these sciences radically from the ...
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  46. Reviews : Roger Smith, Inhibition, History and Meaning in the Sciences of Mind and Brain. London: Free Association Books, 1992. £37.50, Xi + 323 Pp. [REVIEW]Greta Jones - 1994 - History of the Human Sciences 7 (3):121-122.
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  47. Consciousness Historicized: Philosophical History and the Nature of the Human Sciences.Petteri Pietikainen - 2003 - History of the Human Sciences 16 (2):151-158.
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  48. Reflections on the Human Sciences and Their History.Bruce Mazlish - 2001 - History of the Human Sciences 14 (4):140-147.
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  49. History of the Inductive Sciences: From the Earliest to the Present Times.William Whewell - 2010 - Cambridge University Press.
    A central figure in Victorian science, William Whewell held professorships in Mineralogy and Moral Philosophy at Trinity College, Cambridge, before becoming Master of the college in 1841. His mathematical textbooks, such as A Treatise on Dynamics, were instrumental in bringing French analytical methods into British science. This three-volume history, first published in 1837, is one of Whewell's most famous works. Taking the 'acute, but fruitless, essays of Greek philosophy' as a starting point, it provides a history of the (...)
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  50. Philosophy, Engineering, Biology, and History: A Vindication of Turing's Views About the Distinction Between the Cognitive and Physical Sciences.Justin Leiber - 2002 - Journal of Experimental and Theoretical Artificial Intelligence 14 (1):29-37.
    Alan Turing draws a firm line between the mental and the physical, between the cognitive and physical sciences. For Turing, following a tradition that went back to D=Arcy Thompson, if not Geoffroy and Lucretius, throws talk of function, intentionality, and final causes from biology as a physical science. He likens Amother nature@ to the earnest A. I. scientist, who may send to school disparate versions of the Achild machine,@ eventually hoping for a test-passer but knowing that the vagaries of (...)
     
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