Results for 'Ephrem Fernandez'

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  1.  33
    Defining Pain: Natural Semantic Metalanguage Meets IASP: A Comment on Wierzbicka’s “Is Pain a Human Universal? A Cross-Linguistic and Cross-Cultural Perspective on Pain”.Ephrem Fernandez - 2012 - Emotion Review 4 (3):320-321.
    When it comes to communication of pain, Anna Wierzbicka (2012) takes issue with the scientific definition of pain and turns to natural semantic metalanguage (NSM). However, “pain” is not one of the 64 semantic primes in NSM, and therefore Wierzbicka suggests words such as “body,” “bad,” and “don’t want.” This blurs the boundaries between pain and other aversive sensations and it also challenges certain clinical features of the pain experience.
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  2.  24
    Recensão A: FERNÁNDEZ, Ángel Martínez - Επιγραφές Πολυρρηνίας.José Luis Vecilla Fernández - 2012 - Humanitas 64:256-258.
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  3.  6
    Juan Antonio Fernández Manzano e Ignacio Pajón Leyra (eds.), El pensamiento práctico en el mundo antiguo: Sofística, ética y política entre Atenas y Roma. Ediciones Antígona, Madrid, 2019. [REVIEW]Noemí Díaz Fernández - 2020 - Anales Del Seminario de Historia de la Filosofía 37 (1):183-185.
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  4.  57
    Social Cognition: a Normative Approach.Víctor Fernández Castro & Manuel Heras-Escribano - 2020 - Acta Analytica 35 (1):75-100.
    The main aim of this paper is to introduce an approach for understanding social cognition that we call the normative approach to social cognition. Such an approach, which results from a systematization of previous arguments and ideas from authors such as Ryle, Dewey, or Wittgenstein, is an alternative to the classic model and the direct social perception model. In section 2, we evaluate the virtues and flaws of these two models. In section 3, we introduce the normative approach, according to (...)
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  5.  31
    Don’T Mention the Marble! The Role of Attentional Processes in False-Belief Tasks.Paula Rubio-Fernández & Bart Geurts - 2016 - Review of Philosophy and Psychology 7 (4):835-850.
    In the last 30 years, the key issue in developmental Theory of Mind has been if and when children are capable of representing false beliefs. Moving away from this research question, the aim of this study was to investigate the role of attentional processes in false-belief tasks. We focused on the design of the test phase and investigated two factors that may be critical for 3-year-old children’s success: the form of the wh-question and the salience of the target object. The (...)
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  6.  61
    Antoni Gomila. 2012. Verbal Minds (Víctor Fernández Castro).Víctor Fernández Castro - 2012 - Theoria: Revista de Teoría, Historia y Fundamentos de la Ciencia 27 (3):394-397.
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  7.  24
    How Redundant Are Redundant Color Adjectives? An Efficiency-Based Analysis of Color Overspecification.Paula Rubio-Fernández - 2016 - Frontiers in Psychology 7.
  8.  50
    Regulation, Normativity and Folk Psychology.Victor Fernandez Castro - 2017 - Topoi 39 (1):57-67.
    Recently, several scholars have argued in support of the idea that folk psychology involves a primary capacity for regulating our mental states and patterns of behavior in accordance with a bunch of shared social norms and routines :259–281, 2015; Zawidzki, Philosophical Explorations 11:193–210, 2008; Zawidzki, Mindshaping: A new framework for understanding human social cognition, MIT Press, Cambridge, 2013). This regulative view shares with the classical Dennettian intentional stance its emphasis on the normative character of human socio-cognitive capacities. Given those similarities, (...)
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  9.  16
    Perspective Tracking in Progress: Do Not Disturb.Paula Rubio-Fernández - 2013 - Cognition 129 (2):264-272.
  10.  3
    Poder y buen gobierno en Alfonso Fernández de Madrigal (El Tostado).Emiliano Fernández Vallina - 1996 - Cuadernos Salmantinos de Filosofía 23:255-274.
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  11.  8
    How Do You Know That? Automatic Belief Inferences in Passing Conversation.Paula Rubio-Fernández, Francis Mollica, Michelle Oraa Ali & Edward Gibson - 2019 - Cognition 193:104011.
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  12.  50
    Suppression in Metaphor Interpretation: Differences Between Meaning Selection and Meaning Construction.P. Rubio Fernandez - 2007 - Journal of Semantics 24 (4):345-371.
    Various accounts of metaphor interpretation propose that it involves constructing an ad hoc concept on the basis of the concept encoded by the metaphor vehicle (i.e. the expression used for conveying the metaphor). This paper discusses some of the differences between these theories and investigates their main empirical prediction: that metaphor interpretation involves enhancing properties of the metaphor vehicle that are relevant for interpretation, while suppressing those that are irrelevant. This hypothesis was tested in a cross-modal lexical priming study adapted (...)
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  13.  14
    Speakers and Listeners Exploit Word Order for Communicative Efficiency: A Cross-Linguistic Investigation.Paula Rubio-Fernandez, Francis Mollica & Julian Jara-Ettinger - 2021 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 150 (3):583-594.
    Pragmatic theories and computational models of reference must account for people’s frequent use of redundant color adjectives (e.g., referring to a single triangle as “the blue triangle”). The standard pragmatic view holds that the informativity of a referential expression depends on pragmatic contrast: Color adjectives should be used to contrast competitors of the same kind to preempt an ambiguity (e.g., between several triangles of different colors), otherwise they are redundant. Here we propose an alternative to the standard view, the incremental (...)
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  14.  2
    Éphrem de Nisibe, Hymnes Contre les Hérésies. Hymnes Contre Julien. T. 1 : Hymnes Contre les Hérésies I-XXIX | T. 2 : Hymnes Contre les Hérésies X. [REVIEW]Françoise Vinel - 2018 - Revue des Sciences Religieuses 92:568-569.
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  15.  43
    Transparent Minds: A Study of Self-Knowledge.Jordi Fernandez - 2013 - Oxford University Press.
    How do we know our current states of mind--what we want, and believe in? Jordi Fernández proposes a new theory of self-knowledge, challenging the traditional view that it is a matter of introspection. He argues that we know what we believe and desire by 'looking outward', towards the states of affairs which those beliefs and desires are about.
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  16.  1
    Libretas Inéditas de Juana Fernández Solar Santa Teresa de Jesús de Los Andes.Samuel Fernández - 2021 - Teología y Vida 62 (1):107-128.
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  17.  14
    An Epistemic and Dynamic Approach to Abductive Reasoning: Selecting the Best Explanation.A. Nepomuceno-Fernandez, F. Soler-Toscano & F. R. Velazquez-Quesada - 2013 - Logic Journal of the IGPL 21 (6):943-961.
  18. An Ethical Framework for Global Vaccine Allocation.Ezekiel J. Emanuel, Govind Persad, Adam Kern, Allen E. Buchanan, Cecile Fabre, Daniel Halliday, Joseph Heath, Lisa M. Herzog, R. J. Leland, Ephrem T. Lemango, Florencia Luna, Matthew McCoy, Ole F. Norheim, Trygve Ottersen, G. Owen Schaefer, Kok-Chor Tan, Christopher Heath Wellman, Jonathan Wolff & Henry S. Richardson - 2020 - Science 1:DOI: 10.1126/science.abe2803.
    In this article, we propose the Fair Priority Model for COVID-19 vaccine distribution, and emphasize three fundamental values we believe should be considered when distributing a COVID-19 vaccine among countries: Benefiting people and limiting harm, prioritizing the disadvantaged, and equal moral concern for all individuals. The Priority Model addresses these values by focusing on mitigating three types of harms caused by COVID-19: death and permanent organ damage, indirect health consequences, such as health care system strain and stress, as well as (...)
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  19. Desire and Self-Knowledge.Jordi Fernández - 2007 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 85 (4):517 – 536.
    In this paper, I propose an account of self-knowledge for desires. According to this account, we form beliefs about our own desires on the basis of our grounds for those desires. First, I distinguish several types of desires and their corresponding grounds. Next, I make the case that we usually believe that we have a certain desire on the basis of our grounds for it. Then, I argue that a belief formed thus is epistemically privileged. Finally, I compare this account (...)
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  20.  17
    Saint Éphrem le Syrien.André De Halleux - 1983 - Revue Théologique de Louvain 14 (3):328-355.
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  21.  6
    La 'imitatio' en el 'De Officiis' de Cicerón: un modelo de ciudadano para el hombre invisible.Iker Martínez Fernández - 2020 - Anales Del Seminario de Historia de la Filosofía 37 (1):1-11.
    La responsabilidad ética de las acciones de un hombre que pudiera tornarse invisible reabre en Cicerón el debate entre lo honestum y lo utile y con él la necesidad de presentar un modelo de ciudadano que vincule elementos políticos, éticos y jurídicos en orden a la conservación de una serie de valores necesarios para la convivencia. Dicho modelo se presenta en De officiis como una traducción de la filosofía de Panecio en la que el complejo término decorum adquiere una dimensión (...)
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  22.  8
    Ephrem the Syrian’s Hymn On the Crucifixion 4.Philippus J. Botha - 2015 - Hts Theological Studies 71 (3).
    This article offers a translation of the hymn De Crucifixione 4 by Ephrem, the Syrian theologian, which forms part of his cycle of hymns for the celebration of Easter. The symbolic interpretation of particularly the tearing of the temple veil in this hymn – together with the cosmic signs which occurred at the death of Jesus – is investigated. An attempt is made to correlate Ephrem’s fierce anti-Jewish polemics with the intentions of the authors of the Synoptic Gospels (...)
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  23.  8
    POINCARÉ, Henri: La invención matemática. Cómo se inventa: el trabajo del inconsciente, traducción e introducción de Francisco González Fernández, KRK Ediciones, Oviedo, 2018, 109p. [REVIEW]José Alejandro Fernández Cuesta - 2020 - Agora 39 (2):261-264.
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  24.  19
    Can We Forget What We Know in a False‐Belief Task? An Investigation of the True‐Belief Default.Paula Rubio-Fernández - 2017 - Cognitive Science 41 (1):218-241.
    It has been generally assumed in the Theory of Mind literature of the past 30 years that young children fail standard false-belief tasks because they attribute their own knowledge to the protagonist. Contrary to the traditional view, we have recently proposed that the children's bias is task induced. This alternative view was supported by studies showing that 3 year olds are able to pass a false-belief task that allows them to focus on the protagonist, without drawing their attention to the (...)
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  25. Investigating Modes of Being in the World: An Introduction to Phenomenologically Grounded Qualitative Research.Allan Køster & Anthony Vincent Fernandez - forthcoming - Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences:1-21.
    In this article, we develop a new approach to integrating philosophical phenomenology with qualitative research. The approach uses phenomenology’s concepts, namely existentials, rather than methods such as the epoché or reductions. We here introduce the approach to both philosophers and qualitative researchers, as we believe that these studies are best conducted through interdisciplinary collaboration. In section 1, we review the debate over phenomenology’s role in qualitative research and argue that qualitative theorists have not taken full advantage of what philosophical phenomenology (...)
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  26.  25
    Remarks on the Gupta-Belnap Fixed-Point Property for K-Valued Clones.José Martínez-Fernández - 2014 - Journal of Applied Non-Classical Logics 24 (1-2):118-131.
    Here, I first prove that certain families of k-valued clones have the Gupta-Belnap fixed-point property. This essentially means that all propositional languages that are interpreted with operators belonging to those clones are such that any net of self-referential sentences in the language can be consistently evaluated. I then focus on two four-valued generalisations of the Kleene propositional operators that generalise the strong and weak Kleene operators: Belnap?s clone and Fitting?s clone, respectively. I apply the theorems from the initial part of (...)
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  27.  5
    Pragmatic Markers: The Missing Link Between Language and Theory of Mind.Paula Rubio-Fernandez - 2020 - Synthese 199 (1-2):1125-1158.
    Language and Theory of Mind come together in communication, but their relationship has been intensely contested. I hypothesize that pragmatic markers connect language and Theory of Mind and enable their co-development and co-evolution through a positive feedback loop, whereby the development of one skill boosts the development of the other. I propose to test this hypothesis by investigating two types of pragmatic markers: demonstratives and articles. Pragmatic markers are closed-class words that encode non-representational information that is unavailable to consciousness, but (...)
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  28. Metamodeling Abduction.Ángel Nepomuceno-Fernández & Fernando Soler-Toscano - 2007 - Theoria: Revista de Teoría, Historia y Fundamentos de la Ciencia 22 (3):285-293.
    Abduction can be intended as a special kind of deductive consequence. In fact a general trend is to consider it as a backward deduction with some additional conditions. However, there can be more than one kind of deduction, so that any definition of abduction must take that into account. From a logical perspec-tive the problem is precisely the formalization of conditions when the deductive consequence is fixed. In this paper, we adopt Makinson’s method to define new consequence relations, hence abduction (...)
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  29.  57
    Innocence in War.Gabriel Palmer-fernández - 2000 - International Journal of Applied Philosophy 14 (2):161-174.
    Just war morality draws an important distinction between soldiers and civilians. Unlike soldiers, civilians may never be intentionally killed because they are innocent. But the prohibition on intentionally killing civilians cannot be adequately explained by the wrongness of killing the innocent. This paper examines several views on the meaning of innocence in war, exposes difficulties with each that warrant their rejection, and proposes an alternative view on the wrongness of killing civilians that is independent of the wrongness of killing the (...)
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  30.  32
    Metaphor and Hyperbole: Testing the Continuity Hypothesis.Paula Rubio-Fernández, Catherine Wearing & Robyn Carston - 2015 - Metaphor and Symbol 30 (1):24-40.
    In standard Relevance Theory, hyperbole and metaphor are categorized together as loose uses of language, on a continuum with approximations, category extensions and other cases of loosening/broadening of meaning. Specifically, it is claimed that there are no interesting differences between hyperbolic and metaphorical uses. In recent work, we have set out to provide a more fine-grained articulation of the similarities and differences between hyperbolic and metaphorical uses and their relation to literal uses. We have defended the view that hyperbolic use (...)
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  31. Complexity and Information: Measuring Emergence, Self‐Organization, and Homeostasis at Multiple Scales.Carlos Gershenson & Nelson Fernández - 2013 - Complexity 18 (2):29-44.
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  32.  1
    Overinformative Speakers Are Cooperative: Revisiting the Gricean Maxim of Quantity.Paula Rubio‐Fernandez - 2019 - Cognitive Science 43 (11).
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  33.  61
    What Are the Benefits of Memory Distortion?Jordi Fernández - 2015 - Consciousness and Cognition 33:536-547.
  34.  94
    Jordi Fernández. Transparent Minds. A Study of Self-Knowledge. [REVIEW]Annalisa Coliva - 2014 - Theoria: Revista de Teoría, Historia y Fundamentos de la Ciencia 29 (3):442-445.
  35. Practical Reasoning: Where the Action Is.Fernandez Patricio A. - 2016 - Ethics 126 (4):869 - 900.
    Widespread conceptions of practical reasoning confront us with a choice between its practicality and its objectivity: between its efficacious, world-changing character and its accountability to objective rational standards. This choice becomes unnecessary, I argue, on an alternative view embodied by the thesis that the conclusion of practical reasoning is an action. I lay bare and challenge the assumptions underlying the rejection of that thesis and outline a defense of its picture of practical reasoning against common objections. On such a picture, (...)
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  36.  9
    Educating Honorable Warriors.Susan Martinelli-Fernandez - 2006 - Journal of Military Ethics 5 (1):55-66.
    Kant is not typically considered a major figure in the just war tradition's canon, although his work has informed recent discussions about international justice and just war theory. More specifically, philosophers have suggested that Kant's work may provide a coherent, normatively practical just war theory, basing this claim, in the main, on his views on the goal of peace and its purpose of establishing a cosmopolitan civil society.1 Such discussions are mostly concerned with jus ad bellum and jus in bello (...)
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  37.  41
    Modeling the Social Organization of Science: Chasing Complexity Through Simulations.Carlo Martini & Manuela Fernández Pinto - 2016 - European Journal for Philosophy of Science 7 (2):221-238.
    At least since Kuhn’s Structure, philosophers have studied the influence of social factors in science’s pursuit of truth and knowledge. More recently, formal models and computer simulations have allowed philosophers of science and social epistemologists to dig deeper into the detailed dynamics of scientific research and experimentation, and to develop very seemingly realistic models of the social organization of science. These models purport to be predictive of the optimal allocations of factors, such as diversity of methods used in science, size (...)
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  38.  40
    Pragmatics and Processing.Bart Geurts & Paula Rubio-Fernández - 2015 - Ratio 28 (4):446-469.
    Gricean pragmatics has often been criticised for being implausible from a psychological point of view. This line of criticism is never backed up by empirical evidence, but more importantly, it ignores the fact that Grice never meant to advance a processing theory, in the first place. Taking our lead from Marr, we distinguish between two levels of explanation: at the W-level, we are concerned with what agents do and why; at the H-level, we ask how agents do whatever it is (...)
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  39.  29
    Chesterton pour mémoire: textes de Ramon Fernandez, Gabriel Marcel et Georges Cattaui.Ramon Fernandez, Gabriel Marcel & Georges Cattaui - 2007 - Pierre D'Angle 13:109-128.
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  40.  37
    On the Reliability of Experience and the Norm of Revision.José Martínez Fernández - 2009 - International Journal of Philosophical Studies 17 (2):315-321.
  41.  10
    Ephrem Longpré, un Mystique Franciscain de notre Temps: Journal spirituel et lettres. Par Edouard Parent. Paris, Beauchesne , 1969. 323 p. [REVIEW]Yvan Lamonde - 1969 - Dialogue 8 (3):531-532.
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  42.  2
    Liturgy At Elsinore.Ephrem Lash - 2007 - New Blackfriars 88 (1014):150-157.
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  43. Response to Fr. Myroslaw Tataryn: Papal Primacy, Local Primacy and Episcopal Collegiality,‖ In.Ephrem Lash - 1993 - Logos. Anales Del Seminario de Metafísica [Universidad Complutense de Madrid, España] 34 (1-2):142-151.
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  44.  10
    When Clinical Trials Compete: Prioritising Study Recruitment.Luke Gelinas, Holly Fernandez Lynch, Barbara E. Bierer & I. Glenn Cohen - 2017 - Journal of Medical Ethics 43 (12):803-809.
    It is not uncommon for multiple clinical trials at the same institution to recruit concurrently from the same patient population. When the relevant pool of patients is limited, as it often is, trials essentially compete for participants. There is evidence that such a competition is a predictor of low study accrual, with increased competition tied to increased recruitment shortfalls. But there is no consensus on what steps, if any, institutions should take to approach this issue. In this article, we argue (...)
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  45.  17
    Regards Sur la Philosophie Contemporaine.Ephrem Mccarthy - 1958 - Philosophical Studies (Dublin) 8:241-241.
  46.  6
    Some Main Problems of Philosophy.Ephrem McCarthy - 1955 - Philosophical Studies (Dublin) 5:152-153.
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  47.  2
    Some Main Problems of Philosophy. [REVIEW]Ephrem Mccarthy - 1955 - Philosophical Studies (Dublin) 5:152-153.
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  48.  1
    Some Main Problems of Philosophy.Ephrem McCarthy - 1955 - Philosophical Studies (Dublin) 5:152-153.
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  49.  17
    The Kantian Thing-in-Itself or Creative Mind.Ephrem Mccarthy - 1956 - Philosophical Studies (Dublin) 6:220-221.
  50.  14
    The Perceptualistic Theory of Knowledge.Ephrem McCarthy - 1955 - Philosophical Studies (Dublin) 5:162-162.
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