Results for 'Epidemiologic research design'

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  1.  17
    Why Do People Participate in Epidemiological Research?Claudia Slegers, Deborah Zion, Deborah Glass, Helen Kelsall, Lin Fritschi, Ngiare Brown & Bebe Loff - 2015 - Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 12 (2):227-237.
    Many assumptions are made about public willingness to participate in epidemiological research, yet few empirical studies have been conducted to ascertain whether such assumptions are correct. Our qualitative study of the public and of expert stakeholders leads us to suggest that people are generally prepared to participate in epidemiological research, particularly if it is conducted by a trusted public institution such as a government health department, charity, or university. However, there is widespread community distrust of research conducted (...)
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  2. Research, Knowledge and Design.Greg Bamford - 2003 - In Clare Newton, Sandra Kaj-O'Grady & Simon Wollan (eds.), Design + Research: Project Based Research in Architecture. Second International Conference of the Association of Australasian Schools of Architecture, Melbourne 28 – 30 September, 2003. Association of Architecture Schools of Australasia.
    The discussion about relations between research and design has a number of strands, and presumably motivations. Putting aside the question whether or not design or “creative endeavour” should be counted as research, for reasons to do with institutional recognition or reward, the question remains how, if at all, is design research? This question is unlikely to have attracted much interest but for matters external to Architecture within the modern university. But Architecture as a discipline (...)
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  3.  20
    Co-Design and Implementation Research: Challenges and Solutions for Ethics Committees.Felicity Goodyear-Smith, Claire Jackson & Trisha Greenhalgh - 2015 - BMC Medical Ethics 16 (1):1-5.
    BackgroundImplementation science research, especially when using participatory and co-design approaches, raises unique challenges for research ethics committees. Such challenges may be poorly addressed by approval and governance mechanisms that were developed for more traditional research approaches such as randomised controlled trials.DiscussionImplementation science commonly involves the partnership of researchers and stakeholders, attempting to understand and encourage uptake of completed or piloted research. A co-creation approach involves collaboration between researchers and end users from the onset, in question (...)
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  4.  27
    Transforming Interior Spaces: Enriching Subjective Experiences Through Design Research.Tiiu Poldma - 2010 - Journal of Research Practice 6 (2):Article M13.
    This article explores tacit knowledge of lived experience and how this form of knowledge relates to design research. It investigates how interior designers interpret user lived experiences when creating designed environments. The article argues that user experience is the basis of a form of knowledge that is useful for designers. The theoretical framework proposed in the article examines the nature of user experience and how it can be utilized in the design process. The study of lived experiences (...)
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  5.  14
    The Business of Research in Art and Design: Parallels Between Research Centres and Small Businesses.Seymour Roworth-Stokes - 2013 - Journal of Research Practice 9 (1):Article M3.
    This article provides a cross-case analysis of four art and design research centres operating within UK universities. Findings from autobiographical and semi-structured interviews with researchers, research managers, and research leaders indicate that they encounter similar issues in trying to establish internal legitimacy within the university alongside the need to gain external support and recognition. In dealing with these challenges, art and design research centres tend to pass through four broadly identifiable phases: (i) Origination (utilising (...)
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  6.  12
    Searching for an Appropriate Research Design: A Personal Journey.Anne Probert - 2006 - Journal of Research Practice 2 (1):Article D3.
    This article describes in candour, the journey of a novice researcher deciding which methodological approach to apply to her doctoral research. Eager to commence fieldwork, she considers five options: ethnography, phenomenology, biography, grounded theory, and case study. Upon discovering however, that none of the described alternatives satisfactorily fits with her envisaged mode of research, she embarks on an unplanned journey into more creative possibilities and solutions. It is a process that requires critical analysis both of methodological options and (...)
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  7. The Snowbird Charrette: Integrative Interdisciplinary Collaboration in Environmental Research Design.Edward J. Hackett & Diana R. Rhoten - 2009 - Minerva 47 (4):407-440.
    The integration of ideas, methods, and data from diverse disciplines has been a transformative force in science and higher education, attracting policy interventions, program innovations, financial resources, and talented people. Much energy has been invested in producing a new generation of scientists trained to work fluidly across disciplines, sectors, and research problems, yet the success of such investments has been difficult to measure. Using the Integrative Graduate Education and Research Training (IGERT) program of the U.S. National Science Foundation (...)
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  8. Research for Health Professionals: Design, Analysis, and Ethics.Robert Proulx Heaney - 1988 - Iowa State University Press.
     
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  9.  8
    Research Ethics by Design: A Collaborative Research Design Proposal.S. Borrett Donald, Sampson Heather & Cavoukian Ann - 2017 - Research Ethics 13 (2):84-91.
    Privacy by Design, a globally accepted framework for personal data management and privacy protection, advances the view that privacy cannot be assured solely by compliance with regulatory frameworks but must become an organisation’s default mode of operation. We are proposing a similar template for the research ethics review process. The Research Ethics by Design framework involves research ethics committees engaging researchers during the design phase of the proposal so that ethical considerations may be directly (...)
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  10.  16
    The Poverty of Epidemiology.P. Skrabanek - 1991 - Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 35 (2):182-185.
  11.  4
    Dialogical Research Design: Practising Ethical, Useful and Safe Research.Birgit Poopuu - 2019 - Social Epistemology 34 (1):31-42.
    ABSTRACTThis article explores the potential merits of a dialogical research design and practice, and how this might alleviate the harmful effects of doing research in vulnerable contexts. A dialogi...
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  12.  25
    Why Research-Oriented Design Isn’T Design-Oriented Research: On the Tensions Between Design and Research in an Implicit Design Discipline.Daniel Fallman - 2007 - Knowledge, Technology & Policy 20 (3):193-200.
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  13.  27
    Design Research for Social Scientists: Reading Instructions for This Issue.Caroline Hummels, Johan Redström & Ilpo Koskinen - 2007 - Knowledge, Technology & Policy 20 (1):11-17.
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  14.  35
    Having the Right Tool: Causal Graphs in Teaching Research Design.Clark Glymour - unknown
    A general principle for good pedagogic strategy is this: other things equal, make the essential principles of the subject explicit rather than tacit. We think that this principle is routinely violated in conventional instruction in statistics. Even though most of the early history of probability theory has been driven by causal considerations, the terms “cause” and “causation” have practically disappeared from statistics textbooks. Statistics curricula guide students away from the concept of causality, into remembering perhaps the cliche disclaimer “correlation does (...)
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  15.  8
    Naturalistic Cognition: A Research Paradigm for Human-Centered Design.Peter Storkerson - 2010 - Journal of Research Practice 6 (2):Article M12.
    Naturalistic thinking and knowing, the tacit, experiential, and intuitive reasoning of everyday interaction, have long been regarded as inferior to formal reason and labeled primitive, fallible, subjective, superstitious, and in some cases ineffable. But, naturalistic thinking is more rational and definable than it appears. It is also relevant to design. Inquiry into the mechanisms of naturalistic thinking and knowledge can bring its resources into focus and enable designers to create better, human-centered designs for use in real-world settings. This article (...)
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  16.  43
    Introduction: Conceptual Framework and Research Design for a Comparative Analysis of National eID Management Systems in Selected European Countries. [REVIEW]Herbert Kubicek - 2010 - Identity in the Information Society 3 (1):5-26.
    This paper introduces the objectives and basic approach of a collaborative comparative research project on the introduction of national electronic Identity Management Systems (eIDMS) in Member States of the European Union. Altogether eight country case studies have been produced in two waves by researchers in the respective countries, which will be presented in the following articles in this special issue. The studies adopt a common conceptual framework and use the same terminology, which will be presented in this introduction, just (...)
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  17.  38
    Clinical Trial Design for HIV Prevention Research: Determining Standards of Prevention.Liza Dawson & Sheryl Zwerski - 2015 - Bioethics 29 (5):316-323.
    This article seeks to advance ethical dialogue on choosing standards of prevention in clinical trials testing improved biomedical prevention methods for HIV. The stakes in this area of research are high, given the continued high rates of infection in many countries and the budget limitations that have constrained efforts to expand treatment for all who are currently HIV-infected. New prevention methods are still needed; at the same time, some existing prevention and treatment interventions have been proven effective but are (...)
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  18.  46
    Policy Design for Human Embryo Research in Canada: A History (Part 1 of 2). [REVIEW]Françoise Baylis & Matthew Herder - 2009 - Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 6 (1):109-122.
    This article is the first in a two-part review of policy design for human embryo research in Canada. In this article we explain how this area of research is circumscribed by law promulgated by the federal Parliament (the Assisted Human Reproduction Act ) and by guidelines issued by the Tri-Agencies (the Tri-Council Policy Statement: Ethical Conduct for Research Involving Humans and Updated Guidelines for Human Pluripotent Stem Cell Research ). In so doing, we provide the (...)
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  19.  33
    Policy Design for Human Embryo Research in Canada: An Analysis (Part 2 of 2). [REVIEW]Françoise Baylis & Matthew Herder - 2009 - Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 6 (3):351-365.
    This article is the second in a two-part review of policy design for human embryo research in Canada. In the first article in 6(1) of the JBI , we explain how this area of research is circumscribed by law promulgated by the federal Parliament and by guidelines adopted by the Tri-Agencies, and we provide a chronological description of relevant policy initiatives and outcomes related to these two policy instruments, with particular attention to the repeated efforts at public (...)
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  20. Interpretive Research Design: Concepts and Processes.Peregrine Schwartz-Shea - 2011 - Routledge.
  21.  21
    Research Practice in Art and Design: Experiential Knowledge and Organised Inquiry.Kristina Niedderer & Linden Reilly - 2010 - Journal of Research Practice 6 (2):Article E2.
    Experiential knowledge is not often associated with research and organized inquiry, and even less often with the rigour of debating and honing research methods and methodology. However, many researchers in art and design and related fields perceive experiential knowledge or tacit knowledge as an integral part of their practice. The editorial article for the special issue on "Research Practice in Art and Design: Experiential Knowledge and Organised Inquiry" explores how research can recognise the relationship (...)
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  22. Design-Based Research in Relation to Science-Based Research.Ted Krueger & Ute C. Besenecker - 2019 - In Thomas Fischer & Christiane M. Herr (eds.), Design Cybernetics: Navigating the New. Springer Verlag.
    How might a design approach be applied to Research? Following Glanville’sGlanville, Ranulph observation that design and researchResearch are fundamentally related and that design methodsDesignmethods may be applied across domains, we framed a case study of the perceptual effects of alternate contemporary lighting technologies at an architectural scale to show how a designer/researcher could approach this kind of investigation. Design proceeds in complex domains with incomplete data and open questions. It is often concerned with the singular (...)
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  23.  8
    AIDS Prevention Among IV Drug Users: Potential Conflicts Between Research Design and Ethics.Don C. Des Jarlais & Samuel R. Friedman - forthcoming - IRB: Ethics & Human Research.
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  24. Reply: Overcoming Hurdles to Epidemiologic Research.Cristina I. Cann & Kenneth J. Rothman - forthcoming - IRB: Ethics & Human Research.
     
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  25.  10
    The Emergence of Modern Statistics in Agricultural Science: Analysis of Variance, Experimental Design and the Reshaping of Research at Rothamsted Experimental Station, 1919–1933.Giuditta Parolini - 2015 - Journal of the History of Biology 48 (2):301-335.
    During the twentieth century statistical methods have transformed research in the experimental and social sciences. Qualitative evidence has largely been replaced by quantitative results and the tools of statistical inference have helped foster a new ideal of objectivity in scientific knowledge. The paper will investigate this transformation by considering the genesis of analysis of variance and experimental design, statistical methods nowadays taught in every elementary course of statistics for the experimental and social sciences. These methods were developed by (...)
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  26.  14
    Reconnecting Data Analysis and Research Design: Who Needs a Confidence Interval?Andrew F. Hayes - 1998 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 21 (2):203-204.
    Chow illustrates the important role played by significance testing in the evaluation of research findings. Statistics and the goals of research should be treated as both interrelated and separate parts of the research evaluation process – a message that will benefit all who read Chow's book. The arguments are especially pertinent to the debate over the relative merits of confidence intervals and significance tests.
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  27.  9
    Ethical Issues in Research Design.Paula McGee - 2005 - Research Ethics 1 (4):134-134.
  28.  5
    Conflict Between Research Design and Minimization of Risks in Pediatric Research.Bruce Gordon, Ernest Prentice & James Anderson - 2000 - IRB: Ethics & Human Research 22 (3):1.
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  29.  2
    Ethical Issues in Research Design: A Commentary.Paula McGee - 2006 - Research Ethics 2 (1):25-27.
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  30. Integrating Research and Development: The Emergence of Rational Drug Design in the Pharmaceutical Industry.Matthias Adam - 2005 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences 36 (3):513-537.
    Rational drug design is a method for developing new pharmaceuticals that typically involves the elucidation of fundamental physiological mechanisms. It thus combines the quest for a scientific understanding of natural phenomena with the design of useful technology and hence integrates epistemic and practical aims of research and development. Case studies of the rational design of the cardiovascular drugs propranolol, captopril and losartan provide insights into characteristics and conditions of this integration. Rational drug design became possible (...)
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  31.  8
    Integrating Research and Development: The Emergence of Rational Drug Design in the Pharmaceutical Industry.Matthias Adam - 2005 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences 36 (3):513-537.
    Rational drug design is a method for developing new pharmaceuticals that typically involves the elucidation of fundamental physiological mechanisms. It thus combines the quest for a scientific understanding of natural phenomena with the design of useful technology and hence integrates epistemic and practical aims of research and development. Case studies of the rational design of the cardiovascular drugs propranolol, captopril and losartan provide insights into characteristics and conditions of this integration. Rational drug design became possible (...)
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  32. Online Deliberation: Design, Research, and Practice.Todd Davies & Seeta Peña Gangadharan (eds.) - 2009 - CSLI Publications/University of Chicago Press.
    Can new technology enhance purpose-driven, democratic dialogue in groups, governments, and societies? Online Deliberation: Design, Research, and Practice is the first book that attempts to sample the full range of work on online deliberation, forging new connections between academic research, technology designers, and practitioners. Since some of the most exciting innovations have occurred outside of traditional institutions, and those involved have often worked in relative isolation from each other, work in this growing field has often failed to (...)
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  33.  13
    Design Research as a Variety of Second-Order Cybernetic Practice.Ben Sweeting - 2016 - Constructivist Foundations 11 (3):572-579.
    Context: The relationship between design and science has shifted over recent decades. One bridge between the two is cybernetics, which offers perspectives on both in terms of their practice. From around 1980 onwards, drawing on ideas from cybernetics, Glanville has suggested that rather than apply science to design, it makes more sense to understand science as a form of design activity, reversing the more usual hierarchy between the two. I return to review this argument here, in the (...)
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  34.  13
    Connecting the Space Between Design and Research: Explorations in Participatory Research Supervision.Glenda Amayo Caldwell, Lindy Osborne, Inger Mewburn & Anitra Nottingham - 2016 - Educational Philosophy and Theory 48 (13).
    In this article we offer a single case study using an action research method for gathering and analysing data offering insights valuable to both design and research supervision practice. We do not attempt to generalise from this single case, but offer it as an instance that can improve our understanding of research supervision practice. We question the conventional ‘dyadic’ models of research supervision and outline a more collaborative model, based on the signature pedagogy of architecture: (...)
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  35.  60
    Re-Visioning Clinical Research: Gender and the Ethics of Experimental Design.Sue V. Rosser - 1989 - Hypatia 4 (2):125-139.
    Since modern medicine is based substantially in clinical medical research, the flaws and ethical problems that arise in this research as it is conceived and practiced in the United States are likely to be reflected to some extent in current medicine and its practice. This paper explores some of the ways in which clinical research has suffered from an androcentric focus in its choice and definition of problems studied, approaches and methods used in design and interpretation (...)
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  36.  15
    The Design of Disturbance: Physics Institutes and Physics Research in Germany, 1870-1910.Christoph Hoffmann - 2001 - Perspectives on Science 9 (2):173-195.
    : During the "institutional revolution" between 1870 and 1910 almost two dozen physics institutes were newly erected in Germany. The design of these buildings was largely determined by sets of precautions against various sorts of disturbances. These undertakings were by no means unique. Recent historical studies have identified similar attempts in physics institutes outside Germany. But as yet, hardly a word has been wasted on the necessity of these precautionary measures. It seems to be self-explanatory that disturbances should be (...)
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  37.  43
    Developing a Dialogical Platform for Disseminating Research Through Design.A. C. Durrant, J. Vines, J. Wallace & J. Yee - 2015 - Constructivist Foundations 11 (1):8-21.
    Context: Practice-based design research is becoming more widely recognized in academia, including at doctoral level, yet there are arguably limited options for dissemination beyond the traditional conference format of paper-based proceedings, possibly with an exhibition or “demonstrator” component that is often non-archival. Further, the opportunities afforded by the traditional-format paper presentations is at times at odds with practice-based methodologies being presented. Purpose: We provide a first-hand descriptive account of developing and running a new international conference with an experimental (...)
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  38.  27
    Design Research Programs and the Logic of Their Development.Theo A. F. Kuipers, Rein Vos & Hauke Sie - 1992 - Erkenntnis 37 (1):37 - 63.
    Design research programs attempt to bring together the properties of available materials and the demands derived from intended applications. The logic of problem states and state transitions in such programs, including assessment criteria and heuristic principles, is described in settheoretic terms, starting with a naive model comprising an intended profile and the operational profile of a prototype. In a first concretization the useful distinction between structural and functional properties is built into the model. In two further concretizations the (...)
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  39.  3
    Combining Integrated Systems-Biology Approaches with Intervention-Based Experimental Design Provides a Higher-Resolution Path Forward for Microbiome Research.J. Alfredo Blakeley-Ruiz, Carlee S. McClintock, Ralph Lydic, Helen A. Baghdoyan, James J. Choo & Robert L. Hettich - 2019 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 42.
    The Hooks et al. review of microbiota-gut-brain literature provides a constructive criticism of the general approaches encompassing MGB research. This commentary extends their review by: highlighting capabilities of advanced systems-biology “-omics” techniques for microbiome research and recommending that combining these high-resolution techniques with intervention-based experimental design may be the path forward for future MGB research.
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  40.  27
    Research Through Design Is More Than Just a New Form of Disseminating Design Outcomes.W. Jonas - 2015 - Constructivist Foundations 11 (1):32-36.
    Open peer commentary on the article “Developing a Dialogical Platform for Disseminating Research through Design” by Abigail C. Durrant, John Vines, Jayne Wallace & Joyce Yee. Upshot: The question of more appropriate dissemination formats for research through design is important, but secondary. Artefacts are just media in the knowledge-generating process. RTD is a much more powerful concept than presented here.
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  41.  19
    Disseminating Research Through Design - Challenges and Opportunities Learned.C. DiSalvo - 2015 - Constructivist Foundations 11 (1):22-23.
    Open peer commentary on the article “Developing a Dialogical Platform for Disseminating Research through Design” by Abigail C. Durrant, John Vines, Jayne Wallace & Joyce Yee. Upshot: The target article provides a thorough and insightful review of the Research Through Design conferences and discusses the successes and limitations of the events in the dissemination of design knowledge.
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  42.  3
    Using Participatory Design to Inform the Connected and Open Research Ethics Commons.John Harlow, Nadir Weibel, Rasheed Al Kotob, Vincent Chan, Cinnamon Bloss, Rubi Linares-Orozco, Michelle Takemoto & Camille Nebeker - 2020 - Science and Engineering Ethics 26 (1):183-203.
    Mobile health research involving pervasive sensors, mobile apps and other novel data collection tools and methods present new ethical, legal, and social challenges specific to informed consent, data management and bystander rights. To address these challenges, a participatory design approach was deployed whereby stakeholders contributed to the development of a web-based commons to support the mHealth research community including researchers and ethics board members. The CORE platform now features a community forum, a resource library and a network (...)
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  43.  14
    Digital Design Research and Second-Order Cybernetics.M. de Sousa van Stralen - 2016 - Constructivist Foundations 11 (3):586-587.
    Open peer commentary on the article “Design Research as a Variety of Second-Order Cybernetic Practice” by Ben Sweeting. Upshot: I claim that the parallels between design research, second-order cybernetics and second-order science, as discussed by Sweeting in the target article, are more explicit in digital design. The discussion of SOC and SOS can point towards the creation of an epistemological foundation to digital design, where self-reflexivity and the inclusion of the observer are central questions.
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  44.  14
    Matching Methodology to Conference Content: The Assemblage Network Potential for Research Through Design Conferences.J. Norris - 2015 - Constructivist Foundations 11 (1):25-26.
    Open peer commentary on the article “Developing a Dialogical Platform for Disseminating Research through Design” by Abigail C. Durrant, John Vines, Jayne Wallace & Joyce Yee. Upshot: This OPC considers the tension inherent in the twin aims of the Research Through Design conferences: providing a high quality academic dialogical conference experience, whilst promoting and recording knowledge generated via a range of actants. It proposes the use of a more transparent underpinning methodology that aligns the disparate elements (...)
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  45.  13
    Authors’ Response: Balancing Openness and Structure in Conference Design to Support a Burgeoning Research Community.A. C. Durrant, J. Vines, J. Wallace & J. Yee - 2015 - Constructivist Foundations 11 (1):37-41.
    Upshot: We focus on the following issues: our intentions behind establishing the new Research Through Design conference series; epistemological concerns around “research through design”; and how we might find a balance between openness and specificity for the conference series going forward.
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  46.  11
    Design Research in the Age of Neuroscience: The Value of the Second-Order Cybernetic Practice Perspective.A. Jelić - 2016 - Constructivist Foundations 11 (3):589-590.
    Open peer commentary on the article “Design Research as a Variety of Second-Order Cybernetic Practice” by Ben Sweeting. Upshot: This commentary highlights the relevance of understanding design research as a variety of second-order cybernetic practice. It does so by illustrating possible contributions of this view to several concrete issues surrounding the introduction of neuroscientific framework to architectural design. Based on the implications of Sweeting’s article, I suggest that the specific case of an interdisciplinary dialogue between (...)
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  47.  12
    Striking a Balance: Openness in Research Through Design.A. Twigger Holroyd - 2015 - Constructivist Foundations 11 (1):36-37.
    Open peer commentary on the article “Developing a Dialogical Platform for Disseminating Research through Design” by Abigail C. Durrant, John Vines, Jayne Wallace & Joyce Yee. Upshot: The experimental conference format described by Durrant et al. is intended to create an open platform for dissemination and knowledge creation. The field of open design, in which designers create structures to support creative action by others, offers relevant insights and alternative approaches. For example: while it is logical to see (...)
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  48.  15
    New Models in Research and Design: New Concepts of Unity in Planning and Policy-Making. [REVIEW]Ron van Eck - 1990 - Knowledge in Society 3 (4):6-28.
    Van Lohuizen’s ideal of unity, must above all be seen as a challenge to attain the necessary integration of planning, research, and design to meet the requirements of a changing society. Though Van Lohuizen's ideas were influenced strongly by the rational and technical principles of the CIAM, he saw technology as a means to an end in an approach that is primarily based on humans and culture. In the ideas of Van Lohuizen, different dimensions can be traced. New (...)
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  49.  15
    Playful Collaborative Exploration: New Research Practice in Participatory Design.Martin Johansson & Per Linde - 2005 - Journal of Research Practice 1 (1):Article M5.
    Within the Participatory Design community as well as the Computer Supported Cooperative Work tradition, a lot of effort has been put into the question of letting field studies inform design. In this paper, we describe how game-like approaches can be used as a way of exploring a practice from a design point of view. Thinking of ethnographic fieldwork as a base for sketching, rather than descriptions, creates openness that invites collaborative authoring. The concept of playful collaborative exploration (...)
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  50.  11
    Research Through Design as a Discursive Dissemination Platform.N. Nimkulrat - 2015 - Constructivist Foundations 11 (1):26-28.
    Open peer commentary on the article “Developing a Dialogical Platform for Disseminating Research through Design” by Abigail C. Durrant, John Vines, Jayne Wallace & Joyce Yee. Upshot: The aim of this commentary is to provide a perspective on the dissemination of practice-based design research in an international conference, namely Research Through Design, that utilized a discursive, experimental format. The content of the commentary includes the author’s experience-centered account as a delegate at RTD 2015 and (...)
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