Results for 'Epistemology, Intuition, Knowledge, Philosophy, Rationality'

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  1. Rational Intuition: Bealer on its Nature and Epistemic Status.Ernest Sosa - 1996 - Philosophical Studies 81 (2-3):151--162.
    A discussion of George Bealer's conception and defense of rational intuition as a basis of philosophical knowledge, under three main heads: a) the phenomenology of intellectual intuition; b) the status of such intuition as a basic source of evidence, and the explanation of what gives it that status; and c) the defense of intuition against those who would reject it and exclude it on principle from the set of valid sources of evidence.
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    The Defects of Bergson's Epistemology and Their Consequences on His Metaphysics.Nikolai Lossky & Frederic Tremblay - 2017 - Studies in East European Thought 69 (1):17-24.
    This is a translation from the Russian of Nikolai Lossky’s “Heдocтaтки гнoceoлoгiи Бepгcoнa и влiянie иxъ нa eгo мeтaфизикy” (The Defects of Bergson’s Epistemology and Their Consequences on His Metaphysics), which was published in the journal Boпpocы филocoфiи и пcиxoлoгiи (Questions of Philosophy and Psychology) in 1913. In this article, Lossky criticizes Bergson’s epistemological dualism, which completely separates intuition from reason, and which rejects reason in favor of intuition. For Bergson, reality is continuous, indivisible, fluid, etc., and reason distorts it (...)
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  3. Genetic Epistemology and Piaget's Philosophy of Science: Piaget Vs. Kuhn on Scientific Progress.Jonathan Y. Tsou - 2006 - Theory and Psychology 16 (2):203-224.
    This paper concerns Jean Piaget's (1896–1980) philosophy of science and, in particular, the picture of scientific development suggested by his theory of genetic epistemology. The aims of the paper are threefold: (1) to examine genetic epistemology as a theory concerning the growth of knowledge both in the individual and in science; (2) to explicate Piaget's view of ‘scientific progress’, which is grounded in his theory of equilibration; and (3) to juxtapose Piaget's notion of progress with Thomas Kuhn's (1922–1996). Issues of (...)
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  4.  42
    Naturalized Rationality. A Glance At Bolzano's Philosophy Of Mind.Anita Konzelmann-Ziv - 2008 - The Baltic International Yearbook of Cognition, Logic and Communication 4 (1):1-21.
    Bernard Bolzano's philosophy of mind is closely related to his metaphysical conceptions of substance, adherence and force. Questions as to how the mind is working are treated in terms of efficient faculties producing simple and complex representations, conclusive and non-conclusive judgments, and meta-representational attitudes such as believing and knowing. My paper outlines the proximity of Bolzano's account of "mental forces" to contemporary accounts of faculty psychology such as Modularity Theory and Simple Heuristics. While the modularist notions of domain specificity and (...)
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    Knowledge and Inquiry: Essays on Jaakko Hintikka's Epistemology and Philosophy of Science.Matti Sintonen (ed.) - 1997 - Rodopi.
    Contents: Matti SINTONEN: From the Science of Logic to the Logic of Science. I: HISTORICAL PERSPECTIVES. Zev BECHLER: Hintikka on Plenitude in Aristotle. Marja-Liisa KAKKURI-KNUUTTILA: What Can the Sciences of Man Learn from Aristotle? Martin KUSCH: Theories of Questions in German-Speaking Philosophy Around the Turn of the Century. Nils-Eric SAHLIN: 'HE IS NO GOOD FOR MY WORK': On the Philosophical Relations between Ramsey and Wittgenstein. II: FORMAL TOOLS: INDUCTION, OBSERVATION AND IDENTIFIABILITY. Theo A.F. KUIPERS: The Carnap-Hintikka Programme in Inductive Logic. (...)
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  6. Group Knowledge Versus Group Rationality: Two Approaches to Social Epistemology.Alvin I. Goldman - 2004 - Episteme 1 (1):11-22.
    Social epistemology is a many-splendored subject. Different theorists adopt different approaches and the options are quite diverse, often orthogonal to one another. The approach I favor is to examine social practices in terms of their impact on knowledge acquisition . This has at least two virtues: it displays continuity with traditional epistemology, which historically focuses on knowledge, and it intersects with the concerns of practical life, which are pervasively affected by what people know or don't know. In making this choice, (...)
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  7.  36
    Knowledge in Later Islamic Philosophy: Mulla Sadra on Existence, Intellect, and Intuition.İbrahim Kalın - 2010 - Oxford University Press.
    This study looks at how the seventeenth-century philosopher Sadr al-Din al-Shirazi, known as Mulla Sadra, attempted to reconcile the three major forms of ...
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    Reliable Knowledge and Social Epistemology: Essays on the Philosophy of Alvin Goldman and Replies by Goldman.Gerhard Schurz, Markus Werning & Alvin I. Goldman (eds.) - 2009 - Rodopi.
    The volume contains the written versions of all papers given at the workshop, divided into five chapters and followed by Alvin Goldman¿s replies in the sixth ...
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  9.  92
    What is Understanding? An Overview of Recent Debates in Epistemology and Philosophy of Science.Christoph Baumberger, Claus Beisbart & Georg Brun - 2017 - In Stephen Grimm Christoph Baumberger & Sabine Ammon (eds.), Explaining Understanding: New Perspectives from Epistemolgy and Philosophy of Science. Routledge. pp. 1-34.
    The paper provides a systematic overview of recent debates in epistemology and philosophy of science on the nature of understanding. We explain why philosophers have turned their attention to understanding and discuss conditions for “explanatory” understanding of why something is the case and for “objectual” understanding of a whole subject matter. The most debated conditions for these types of understanding roughly resemble the three traditional conditions for knowledge: truth, justification and belief. We discuss prominent views about how to construe these (...)
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  10. Professional Knowledge and the Epistemology of Reflective Practice.Elizabeth Anne Kinsella - 2010 - Nursing Philosophy 11 (1):3-14.
    Reflective practice is one of the most popular theories of professional knowledge in the last 20 years and has been widely adopted by nursing, health, and social care professions. The term was coined by Donald Schön in his influential books The Reflective Practitioner , and Educating the Reflective Practitioner , and has garnered the unprecedented attention of theorists and practitioners of professional education and practice. Reflective practice has been integrated into professional preparatory programmes, continuing education programmes, and by the regulatory (...)
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  11. Democratic Philosophy and the Politics of Knowledge.Richard T. Peterson - 1996 - Pennsylvania State University Press.
    Debates over postmodernism, analyses of knowledge and power, and the recurring issue of Heidegger's Nazism have all deepened questions about the relation between philosophy and the social roles of intellectuals. Against such postmodernist rejections of philosophical theory as mounted by Rorty and Lyotard, Richard Peterson argues that precisely reflection on rationality, in appropriate social terms, is needed to confront urgent political issues about intellectuals. After presenting a conception of intellectual mediation set within the modern division of labor, he offers (...)
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  12.  63
    Social Epistemology as Public Philosophy.Susan Dieleman, María G. Navarro & Elisabeth Simbürger - 2016 - In James H. Collier (ed.), The Future of Social Epistemology. A Collective Vision. Rowman & Littlefield International. pp. 55-64.
    The Future of Social Epistemology: A Collective Vision sets an agenda for exploring the future of what we – human beings reimagining our selves and our society – want, need and ought to know. The book examines, concretely, practically and speculatively, key ideas such as the public conduct of philosophy, models for extending and distributing knowledge, the interplay among individuals and groups, risk taking and the welfare state, and envisioning people and societies remade through the breakneck pace of scientific and (...)
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  13.  71
    Without Good Reason: The Rationality Debate in Philosophy and Cognitive Science.Edward Stein - 1996 - Clarendon Press.
    Without Good Reason offers a clear critical account of the debate in philosophy and cognitive science about whether humans are rational. Various experiments performed over the last several decades have been interpreted as showing that humans are irrational; certain philosophers, on the other hand, have argued that it is a conceptual truth that humans must be rational. Edward Stein concludes that the question of human rationality should be answered not conceptually but empirically: the resources of a fully developed cognitive (...)
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  14. Group Knowledge and Group Rationality: A Judgment Aggregation Perspective.Christian List - 2005 - Episteme 2 (1):25-38.
    In this paper, I introduce the emerging theory of judgment aggregation as a framework for studying institutional design in social epistemology. When a group or collective organization is given an epistemic task, its performance may depend on its ‘aggregation procedure’, i.e. its mechanism for aggregating the group members’ individual beliefs or judgments into corresponding collective beliefs or judgments endorsed by the group as a whole. I argue that a group’s aggregation procedure plays an important role in determining whether the group (...)
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  15. Knowledge and Politics: Case Studies in the Relationship Between Epistemology and Political Philosophy.Marcelo Dascal & Ora Gruengard (eds.) - 1989 - Westview Press.
  16. Reality? Knowledge? Philosophy! An Introduction to Metaphysics and Epistemology.Stephen Cade Hetherington - 2003
     
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  17. Knowledge and Inquiry: Essays on Jaakko Hintikka’s Epistemology and Philosophy of Science.Matti Sintonen (ed.) - 1997 - Brill | Rodopi.
    Contents: Matti SINTONEN: From the Science of Logic to the Logic of Science. I: HISTORICAL PERSPECTIVES. Zev BECHLER: Hintikka on Plenitude in Aristotle. Marja-Liisa KAKKURI-KNUUTTILA: What Can the Sciences of Man Learn from Aristotle? Martin KUSCH: Theories of Questions in German-Speaking Philosophy Around the Turn of the Century. Nils-Eric SAHLIN: 'HE IS NO GOOD FOR MY WORK': On the Philosophical Relations between Ramsey and Wittgenstein. II: FORMAL TOOLS: INDUCTION, OBSERVATION AND IDENTIFIABILITY. Theo A.F. KUIPERS: The Carnap-Hintikka Programme in Inductive Logic. (...)
     
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  18. Evolutionary Epistemology, Rationality, and the Sociology of Knowledge.William Warren Bartley, Karl Raimund Popper & Gerard Radnitzky - 1987
     
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  19. Epistemology: A Contemporary Introduction to the Theory of Knowledge.Robert Audi - 2010 - Routledge.
    Epistemology, or “the theory of knowledge,” is concerned with how we know what we know, what justifies us in believing what we believe, and what standards of evidence we should use in seeking truths about the world and human experience. This comprehensive introduction to the field of epistemology explains the concepts and theories central to understanding knowledge. Along with covering the traditional topics of the discipline in detail, _Epistemology_ explores emerging areas of research. The third edition features new sections on (...)
     
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  20. Grounding Knowledge Environmental Philosophy, Epistemology, and Place.Christopher J. Preston - 2003
     
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  21.  26
    How Important is Truth to Epistemology and Knowledge? Some Answers From Comparative Philosophy.Ben-Ami Scharfstein - 2001 - Social Epistemology 15 (4):275 – 283.
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  22.  1
    Ibrahim Kalin , Knowledge in Later Islamic Philosophy: Mullâ Sadrâ on Existence, Intellect, and Intuition . Reviewed By.Jari Kaukua - 2011 - Philosophy in Review 31 (5):359-361.
  23. Democratic Philosophy and the Politics of Knowledge.Richard T. Peterson - 2006 - Pennsylvania State University Press.
    Debates over postmodernism, analyses of knowledge and power, and the recurring issue of Heidegger's Nazism have all deepened questions about the relation between philosophy and the social roles of intellectuals. Against such postmodernist rejections of philosophical theory as mounted by Rorty and Lyotard, Richard Peterson argues that precisely reflection on rationality, in appropriate social terms, is needed to confront urgent political issues about intellectuals. After presenting a conception of intellectual mediation set within the modern division of labor, he offers (...)
     
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  24.  80
    Self-Knowledge and Rationality.Thomas Spitzley - 2009 - Erkenntnis 71 (1):73 - 88.
    The topic of this article is the dependency or, maybe, the interdependency of rationality and self-knowledge. Here two questions may be distinguished, viz. (1) whether being rational is a necessary condition for a creature to have self-knowledge, and (2) whether having self-knowledge is a necessary condition for a creature to be rational. After a brief explication of what I mean by self-knowledge, I deal with the first question. There I defend the Davidsonian position, according to which rationality is, (...)
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  25. The Genealogy of Knowledge a Darwinian Approach to Epistemology and Philosophy of Science.Chris Buskes - 1998
     
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  26.  29
    Roles of Epistemology in Investigating Knowledge: “Philosophizing With”.Nina Bonderup Dohn - 2011 - Metaphilosophy 42 (4):431-450.
    Abstract: This article aims at elucidating the ways in which philosophy may engage in cooperation with other disciplines through “philosophy with” (Hansson 2008). An exemplary investigation is undertaken of the roles of epistemology in investigating knowledge, that is, how epistemology may interact with sciences concerned with knowledge. Four possible roles are distinguished: provider of a priori conceptual analyses, clarifier of scientific concepts and their implications, interpreter of scientific results, and dialogue partner with a voice of its own. Each role is (...)
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  27. Erkenntnis Und Wissenschaft/ Knowledge and Science: Probleme der Epistemologie in der Philosophie des Mittelalters/ Problems of Epistemology in Medieval Philosophy.Pia Antolic-Piper, Alexander Fidora & Matthias Lutz-Bachmann - unknown
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  28. Erkenntnis Und Wissenschaft. Knowledge and Science: Probleme der Epistemologie in der Philosophie des Mittelalters. Problems of Epistemology in Medieval Philosophy.Antolic Pia, Fidora Alexander & Lutz-Bachmann Matthias - unknown
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  29.  2
    On Mathematical Naturalism and the Powers of Symbolisms.Murray Code - 2005 - Cosmos and History: The Journal of Natural and Social Philosophy 1 (1):35-53.
    Advances in modern mathematics indicate that progress in this field of knowledge depends mainly on culturally inflected imaginative intuitions, or intuitive imaginings—which mysteriously result in the growth of systems of symbolism that are often efficacious, although fallible and very likely evolutionary. Thus the idea that a trouble-free epistemology can be constructed out of an intuition-free mathematical naturalism would seem to be question begging of a very high order. I illustrate the point by examining Philip Kitcher’s attempt to frame an empiricist (...)
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    Ibrahim Kalin Knowledge in Later Islamic Philosophy: Mullā Ṣadrā on Existence, Intellect, and Intuition.Ahab Bdaiwi - 2010 - Journal of Islamic Philosophy 6:141-144.
  31. Patrick Nerhot, Ed., Legal Knowledge and Analogy. Fragments of Epistemology, Hermeneutics and Linguistics (Law and Philosophy Library, 13) Reviewed By.Bert van Roermund - 1992 - Philosophy in Review 12 (1):51-53.
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  32. Feminist Epistemology and Philosophy of Science: Power in Knowledge.Heidi Grasswick - 2011 - Springer.
  33. A New Hope for Philosophers' Appeal to Intuition.Damian Szmuc - 2012 - Essays in Philosophy 13 (1):336-353.
    Some recent researches in experimental philosophy have posed a problem for philosophers’ appeal to intuition (hereinafter referred to as PAI); the aim of this paper is to offer an answer to this challenge. The thesis against PAI implies that, given some experimental results, intuition does not seem to be a reliable epistemic source, and —more importantly— given the actual state of knowledge about its operation, we do not have sufficient resources to mitigate its errors and thus establish its reliability. That (...)
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  34. From Epistemology to the Logic of Science: Carnap’s Philosophy of Empirical Knowledge in the 1930s.Alan W. Richardson - 1996 - In Ronald Giere & Alan W. Richardson (eds.), Origins of Logical Empiricism. University of Minnesota Press: Minneapolis. pp. 309--332.
     
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  35.  7
    Perception, Intuition and Knowledge of Ti-Ie External World: Scienticizing African Philosophy.Maduabuchi Durtos - 2000 - Indian Philosophical Quarterly 27 (4).
  36. Review of the Book The Genealogy of Knowledge. A Darwinian Approach to Epistemology and Philosophy of Science, C. Buskes, 2000. [REVIEW]Mamm Meijsing - 2000 - Algemeen Nederlands Tijdschrift voor Wijsbegeerte 92 (1):103-105.
     
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  37. Knowledge in Later Islamic Philosophy: Mulla Sadra on Existence, Intellect, and Intuition – By Ibrahim Kalin.David Burrell - 2010 - Modern Theology 26 (4):669-672.
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  38. Perception, Intuition and Knowledge of the External World: Scienticizing African Philosophy.Maduabuchi Dukor - 2000 - Indian Philosophical Quarterly 27 (4):457.
  39. Evolutionary Epistemology, Rationality, and the Sociology of Knowledge.David H. Helman - 1989 - Philosophical Books 30 (2):94-97.
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  40. Epistemology as Philosophy of Knowledge. Old Dilemmas and New Perspectives.Marek Hetmanski - 2008 - Dialogue and Universalism 18 (7-12):11.
  41. Collective Knowledge, Science and Philosophy in Late 19th-Century Epistemology as Seen in Bergson Under the Influences of Spencer and Bernard.M. Melettibertolini - 1988 - Filosofia 39 (1):19-44.
     
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  42. Knowledge in Later Islamic Philosophy: Mulla Sadra on Existence, Intellect, and Intuition by Ibrahim Kalin, 2010. [REVIEW]Latimah-Parvin Peerwani - 2011 - Journal of Shi‘a Islamic Studies 4:111-114.
     
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  43. Evolutionary Epistemology. Rationality, and the Sociology of Knowledge. La Salle.Gerard Radnitzky & W. Bartley - 1990 - Tijdschrift Voor Filosofie 52 (1):169-169.
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  44.  7
    Chinese & French Views on Knowledge & Society Today: Philosophy, Ethics, Epistemology.Alain-Marc Rieu (ed.) - 2012 - Archives Contemporaines.
    In this age of globalization, societies and people across the world are asking themselves the same questions about modernity: where are we going ?
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  45. Introduction to Reliable Knowledge and Social Epistemology-The Philosophy of Alvin Goldman.Gerhard Schurz & Markus Werning - 2009 - Grazer Philosophische Studien 79 (1):7.
     
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  46.  1
    Nouveauté et Émergence dans la Quête des Fondements.Michel Paty - 2010 - Principia 8 (1):19-54.
    Novelty and emergence in the quest for foundations. The search for firm foundations for a given knowledge, notably in the case of a formalized one, can be seen as a particular case of the search for deeper intelligibility. It generally brings to modifying the structural elements of the received knowledge (this having to do with questions of ontological relativity and epistemological holism), letting appear new elements of thought and of ‘reality’, emergent conceptual structures on the ground of the preceding ones. (...)
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    Virtue, Progress and Practice.Michael Loughlin, Robyn Bluhm, Stephen Buetow, Ross E. G. Upshur, Maya J. Goldenberg, Kirstin Borgerson & Vikki Entwistle - 2011 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 17 (5):839-846.
  48. Knowing Our Own Minds: Essays in Self-Knowledge.C. Macdonald, Barry C. Smith & C. J. G. Wright - 1998 - Oxford University Press.
    Self-knowledge is the focus of considerable attention from philosophers: Knowing Our Own Minds gives a much-needed overview of current work on the subject, bringing together new essays by leading figures. Knowledge of one's own sensations, desires, intentions, thoughts, beliefs, and other attitudes is characteristically different from other kinds of knowledge: it has greater immediacy, authority, and salience. The contributors examine philosophical questions raised by the distinctive character of self-knowledge, relating it to knowledge of other minds, to rationality and agency, (...)
     
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  49. A Priori Knowledge in Perspective: Mathematics, Method, and Pure Intuition.Stephen Palmquist - 1987 - Review of Metaphysics 41 (1):3 - 22.
    This article is mainly a critique of Philip Kitcher's book, The Nature of Mathematical Knowledge. Four weaknesses in Kitcher's objection to Kant arise out of Kitcher's failure to recognize the perspectival nature of Kant's position. A proper understanding of Kant's theory of mathematics requires awareness of the perspectival nuances implicit in Kant's theory of pure intuition. (Apologies that the pdf of this article was prepared with every other page upside down. Take it as an opportunity to practice changing one's perspective!).
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  50.  49
    Recent Thomistic Epistemology and Philosophy of Religion.Paul A. Macdonald Jr - 2007 - Philosophy Compass 2 (3):517–533.
    The purpose of this article is to show the contribution of recent Thomistic epistemology - that is, an epistemology rooted in the philosophical theology of Thomas Aquinas - makes to contemporary philosophy of religion. In particular, I show how recent philosophers and theologians (most of them of a distinctly analytic persuasion) are appropriating insights in Aquinas’s philosophical theology in order to address perennial epistemological issues: most broadly, how it is that human persons know the world as well as the divine. (...)
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