Results for 'Equity'

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  1. X Equity, Arrow S Conditions, and Rawls's Difference Principlei Peter J. Hammond.Arrow S. Conditions Equity - 1979 - In Frank Hahn & Martin Hollis (eds.), Philosophy and Economic Theory. Oxford University Press. pp. 44--4.
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  2.  71
    The Advertising Effects of Corporate Social Responsibility on Corporate Reputation and Brand Equity: Evidence From the Life Insurance Industry in Taiwan. [REVIEW]Ker-Tah Hsu - 2012 - Journal of Business Ethics 109 (2):189-201.
    This study investigates the persuasive advertising and informative advertising effects of CSR initiatives on corporate reputation and brand equity based on the evidence from the life insurance industry in Taiwan. The study finds, first, policyholders’ perceptions concerning the CSR initiatives of life insurance companies have positive effects on customer satisfaction, corporate reputation, and brand equity. Second, the advertising effects of the CSR initiatives on corporate reputation are only informative. Third, the impacts of CSR initiatives on brand equity (...)
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  3.  85
    The Effects of Corporate Social Responsibility on Brand Performance: The Mediating Effect of Industrial Brand Equity and Corporate Reputation. [REVIEW]Chi-Shiun Lai, Chih-Jen Chiu, Chin-Fang Yang & Da-Chang Pai - 2010 - Journal of Business Ethics 95 (3):457 - 469.
    In this article, the researchers explore the following question. Can corporate social responsibility (CSR) and the corporate reputation of a firm lead to its brand equity in business-to-business (B2B) markets? This study discusses CSR from customers' viewpoints by taking the sample of industrial purchasers from Taiwan small-medium enterprises. The aims of this study are to investigate: first, the effects of CSR and corporate reputation on industrial brand equity; second, the effects of CSR, corporate reputation, and brand equity (...)
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  4.  7
    Does Religion Matter to Equity Pricing?El Ghoul Sadok, Guedhami Omrane, Ni Yang, Pittman Jeffrey & Saadi Samir - 2012 - Journal of Business Ethics 111 (4):491-518.
    For a sample comprising 36,105 U.S. firm-year observations from 1985 to 2008, we find that firms located in more religious counties enjoy cheaper equity financing costs. This result is robust to a battery of sensitivity tests, including alternative assumptions and model specifications, additional controls for noise in analyst forecasts, and various approaches to addressing endogeneity. In another set of tests, we find that the equity pricing role that religion plays comes predominantly from Mainline Protestants. We also document that (...)
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  5.  27
    How CSR Leads to Corporate Brand Equity: Mediating Mechanisms of Corporate Brand Credibility and Reputation. [REVIEW]Won-Moo Hur, Hanna Kim & Jeong Woo - 2013 - Journal of Business Ethics 125 (1):1-12.
    The purpose of this study is to investigate the relationships among corporate social responsibility (CSR), corporate brand credibility, corporate brand equity, and corporate reputation. Structural equation modeling analysis provided support for the hypotheses from a sample of 867 consumers in South Korea. The results showed that CSR has a direct positive effect on corporate brand credibility and corporate reputation. In addition, the results indicate that corporate brand credibility mediates the relationship between CSR and corporate reputation. Moreover, corporate brand credibility (...)
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  6. The Drivers of Green Brand Equity: Green Brand Image, Green Satisfaction, and Green Trust.Yu-Shan Chen - 2010 - Journal of Business Ethics 93 (2):307-319.
    This article proposed four novel constructs – green brand image, green satisfaction, green trust, and green brand equity, and explored the positive relationships between green brand equity and its three drivers – green brand image, green satisfaction, and green trust. The object of this research study was information and electronics products in Taiwan. This research employed an empirical study by use of the questionnaire survey method. The questionnaires were randomly mailed to consumers who had the experience of purchasing (...)
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  7.  19
    Private Equity and the Public Good.Kevin Morrell & Ian Clark - 2010 - Journal of Business Ethics 96 (2):249 - 263.
    The dominance of agency theory can reduce our collective scope to analyse private equity in all its diversity and depth. We contribute to theorisation of private equity by developing a contrasting perspective that draws on a rich tradition of virtue ethics. In doing so, we juxtapose 'private equity' with 'public good' to develop points of rhetorical and analytical contrast. We develop a typology differentiating various forms of private equity, and focus on the 'take private' form. These (...)
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  8. Think Global, Invest Responsible: Why the Private Equity Industry Goes Green. [REVIEW]Patricia Crifo & Vanina D. Forget - 2013 - Journal of Business Ethics 116 (1):21-48.
    The growth of socially responsible investment (SRI) on public financial markets has drawn considerable academic attention over the last decade. Discarding from the previous literature, this article sets up to analyze the Private Equity channel, which is shown to have the potentiality to foster sustainable practices in unlisted companies. The fast integration of the environmental, social and governance issues by mainstream Private Equity investors is unveiled and appears to have benefited from the maturation of SRI on public financial (...)
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  9.  27
    Ethical Issues Related to Food Sector Evolution in Developing Countries: About Sustainability and Equity.Anne-Lucie Raoult-Wack & Nicolas Bricas - 2002 - Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 15 (3):323-334.
    After a century of major technicaladvance, essentially achieved by and for theindustrialized countries, the evolution of thefood sector in southern countries should nolonger be thought of in terms of a ``headlongpursuit.'' In the present context of demographicgrowth, urbanization, poverty and disparities,environmental degradation, and globalization oftrade, new priorities have emerged, and newethical questions have been raised, mainlyrelated to sustainability and equity. Thispaper analyses these ethical concerns in thefollowing terms: can the model of food sectordevelopment initiated by the industrializedcountries be applied (...)
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  10.  20
    Lying to Level the Playing Field: Why People May Dishonestly Help or Hurt Others to Create Equity[REVIEW]Francesca Gino & Lamar Pierce - 2010 - Journal of Business Ethics 95 (1):89 - 103.
    Unethical and dishonest behavior has increasingly attracted the attention of scholars from various disciplines. Recent work has begun to focus on a previous overlooked factor predicting dishonest behavior: the beneficiary or victim of dishonest acts. In two laboratory experiments, we manipulate the level of resources allocated to our participants (their "wealth") and investigate whether perceived inequity from wealth that is randomly or subjectively assigned leads individuals to cross ethical boundaries through helping or hurting others. The results show that dishonest behavior (...)
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  11.  28
    Financialization in Agri-Food Supply Chains: Private Equity and the Transformation of the Retail Sector. [REVIEW]David Burch & Geoffrey Lawrence - 2013 - Agriculture and Human Values 30 (2):247-258.
    The analysis of the financialization of food and farming has tended to focus on issues such as the impact on the productive and input sectors of the food chain, including the role of asset management companies, private equity consortia and other financial institutions in acquiring and managing farmland. However, processes of financialization impact along the whole agri-food supply chain, including the retail and food service sectors. This paper analyses the take-over by a private equity company of Somerfield, one (...)
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  12.  61
    Socially Responsible Institutional Investment in Private Equity.Douglas Cumming & Sofia Johan - 2007 - Journal of Business Ethics 75 (4):395-416.
    This article studies institutional investor allocations to the socially responsible asset class. We propose two elements influence socially responsible institutional investment in private equity: internal organizational structure, and internationalization. We study socially responsible investments from Dutch institutional investments into private equity funds, and compare socially responsible investment across different asset classes and different types of institutional investors (banks, insurance companies, and pension funds). The data indicate socially responsible investment in private equity is 40–50% more common when the (...)
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  13.  29
    Does Trust Matter? The Relationship Between Equity Sensitivity and Perceived Organizational Justice.Jill Kickul, Lisa K. Gundry & Margaret Posig - 2004 - Journal of Business Ethics 56 (3):205-218.
    . The present research study was designed to extend our knowledge about issues of relevance for business ethics by examining the role of equity sensitivity and perceived organizational trust on employees perceptions of procedural and interactional justice. A model was developed and tested, and results revealed that organizational trust and respect mediated the relationship between an employees equity sensitivity and perceptions of procedural, interactional, and social accounts fairness. A discussion of issues related to perceptions of trust and fairness (...)
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  14.  22
    Linking International Research to Global Health Equity: The Limited Contribution of Bioethics.Bridget Pratt & Bebe Loff - 2013 - Bioethics 27 (4):208-214.
    Health research has been identified as a vehicle for advancing global justice in health. However, in bioethics, issues of global justice are mainly discussed within an ongoing debate on the conditions under which international clinical research is permissible. As a result, current ethical guidance predominantly links one type of international research (biomedical) to advancing one aspect of health equity (access to new treatments). International guidelines largely fail to connect international research to promoting broader aspects of health equity (...)
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  15.  31
    Ethics and Disclosure: A Study of the Financial Performance of Firms in the Seasoned Equity Offerings Market.Hoje Jo & Yongtae Kim - 2008 - Journal of Business Ethics 80 (4):855-878.
    In this article, we examine the association between ethics and disclosure and the impact of this association on the long-term, post-issue performance of seasoned equity offerings (SEOs). We argue that firms with extensive disclosure are less likely to face information problems, and more likely to lead to an active shareholder monitoring, and therefore, engage in fewer unethical activities, such as aggressive earnings manipulation, and have better long-term, post-issue performance. Consistent with these predictions, this study presents evidence that disclosure is (...)
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  16.  29
    Efficiency, Equity, and Price Gouging.Jeremy Snyder - 2009 - Business Ethics Quarterly 19 (2):303-306.
    In this response, I reiterate my argument that price gouging undercuts the goal of equity in access to essential goods whereas Zwolinski emphasizes the importance of the efficient provision of essential goods above all other goals. I agree that the efficient provision of essential goods is important as I argue for the goal of equitable access to sufficient of the goods essential to living a minimally flourishing human life. However, efficiency is a means to this goal rather than the (...)
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  17.  22
    Are Men Always Picked Over Women? The Effects of Employment Equity Directives on Selection Decisions.Eddy S. Ng & Willi H. Wiesner - 2007 - Journal of Business Ethics 76 (2):177-187.
    This study replicates and extends previous work by Oppenheimer and Wiesner [1990, Sex discrimination: Who is hired and do employment equity statements make a difference? Proceedings of the 11th Annual Conference of the Administrative Sciences Association of Canada, Personnel and Human Resources Division], and examined the effects of minority qualifications on hiring decisions, the effects of employment equity directives when minority candidates are less qualified and the effects of different types and strengths of employment equity directives on (...)
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  18.  18
    Does Increased Equity Ownership Lead to More Strategically Involved Boards?Sayan Chatterjee - 2009 - Journal of Business Ethics 87 (1):267 - 277.
    According to Jay Lorsch, boards will be increasingly expected to exercise more leadership, even strategic leadership, in the running of a firm. In order to align directors to the best interest of the firm, directors are increasingly required to purchase the equity of the companies on whose board they serve, and in the majority of cases, the minimum shareholding is 1000 shares. The rationale for this is that the directors will take the perspective of real owners of the company, (...)
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  19.  12
    The Agency Problems Embedded in Firm's Equity Investment.Yin-Hua Yeh, Tsun-Siou Lee & Pei-Gi Shu - 2008 - Journal of Business Ethics 79 (1/2):151 - 166.
    We find that agency problems are embedded in firm's excess and abnormal equity investments that are mainly dictated by controlling shareholder's motives and ethical choices manifested in ownership and board structure. The excess equity investment is gauged with respect to industry average. The abnormal equity investment is specifically referred to the number of nominal investment companies that are fully controlled by the controlling owners while subject to little governance. Our empirical evidences of 345 Taiwanese non-financial listed firms (...)
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  20.  11
    When Equality Is Not Equity:Homosexual Inclusion in Undue Influence Law. [REVIEW]Rosemary Auchmuty - 2003 - Feminist Legal Studies 11 (2):163-190.
    In Barclay's Bank v. O'Brien(1993) the House of Lords extended the undue influence rules to heterosexual and homosexual cohabitees, a move that was widely welcomed and has been endorsed in Royal Bank of Scotland v. Etridge (No. 2) (2001). The paper argues that the extension to homosexual couples is inappropriate, since undue influence is largely a problem of heterosexuality. It is not accidental that there have been no reported cases of undue influence between lesbian or gay partners, not because abuses (...)
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  21.  4
    Access, Equity and the Role of Rights in Health Care.Chris Newdick & Sarah Derrett - 2006 - Health Care Analysis 14 (3):157-168.
    Modern health care rhetoric promotes choice and individual patient rights as dominant values. Yet we also accept that in any regime constrained by finite resources, difficult choices between patients are inevitable. How can we balance rights to liberty, on the one hand, with equity in the allocation of scarce resources on the other? For example, the duty of health authorities to allocate resources is a duty owed to the community as a whole, rather than to specific individuals. Macro-duties of (...)
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  22.  37
    Equity and Nuclear Waste Disposal.Kristin Shrader-Frechette - 1994 - Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 7 (2):133-156.
    Following the recommendations of the US National Academy of Sciences and the mandates of the 1987 Nuclear Waste Policy Amendments Act, the US Department of Energy has proposed Yucca Mountain, Nevada as the site of the world's first permanent repository for high-level nuclear waste. The main justification for permanent disposal (as opposed to above-ground storage) is that it guarantees safety by means of waste isolation. This essay argues, however, that considerations of equity (safer for whom?) undercut the safety rationale. (...)
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  23.  10
    School Choice, Equity and Social Justice: The Case for More Control.Anne West - 2006 - British Journal of Educational Studies 54 (1):15-33.
    This paper focuses on school choice and the extent to which admissions to publicly-funded secondary schools in England address issues of equity and social justice. It argues that schools with responsibility for their own admissions are more likely than others to act in their own self interest by 'selecting in' or 'creaming' particular pupils and 'selecting out' others. Given this, it is argued that individual schools should not be responsible for admissions. Instead, admissions should be the responsibility of a (...)
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  24.  38
    Equity in Health Care From a Communitarian Standpoint.Megan Black & Gavin Mooney - 2002 - Health Care Analysis 10 (2):193-208.
    Equity in health and health care is animportant issue. It has been proposed that thepursuit of equity in health care is beinghampered by the dominance of individualism inhealth care practices. This paper explores theway in which communitarian ideals and practicesmight lend themselves to the pursuit of equity.Communitarians acknowledge, respect and fosterthe bonds that unite and identify communities.The paper argues that, to achieve equity inhealth care, these bonds need to be recognisedand harnessed rather than ignored. The notionof (...)
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  25.  26
    Equity and Excellence in Research Funding.Diana Hicks & J. Katz - 2011 - Minerva 49 (2):137-151.
    The tension between equity and excellence is fundamental in science policy. This tension might appear to be resolved through the use of merit-based evaluation as a criterion for research funding. This is not the case. Merit-based decision making alone is insufficient because of inequality aversion, a fundamental tendency of people to avoid extremely unequal distributions. The distribution of performance in science is extremely unequal, and no decision maker with the power to establish a distribution of public money would dare (...)
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  26.  27
    Vertical Equity in Health Care Resource Allocation.Gavin Mooney - 2000 - Health Care Analysis 8 (3):203-215.
    This paper introduces this mini-series on vertical equity in health care. It reflects on the fact that by and large equity policies in health care have failed and that there is a need for positive discriminationto promote equity better in future. This positive discrimination is examined under the heading of`vertical equity'. The paper considers Varian's notion of 'envy' as a basis for equity in health care but concludes that this is not a helpful route to (...)
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  27.  20
    Equity and Resource Allocation in Health Care: Dialogue Between Islam and Christianity.Christoph Benn & Adnan A. Hyder - 2002 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 5 (2):181-189.
    Inequities in health and health care are one of the greatest challenges facing the international community today. This problem raises serious questions for health care planners, politicians and ethicists alike. The major world religions can play an important role in this discussion. Therefore, interreligious dialogue on this topic between ethicists and health care professionals is of increasing relevance and urgency. This article gives an overview on the positions of Islam and Christianity on equity and the distribution of resources in (...)
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  28.  22
    Ethics, Equity, and Social Justice in the New Economic Order: Using Financial Information for Keeping Social Score.Appa Rao Korukonda & Chenchu Ramaiah T. Bathala - 2004 - Journal of Business Ethics 54 (1):1-15.
    In the present world order unbridled forces of free market capitalism are frequently cited for much of the social injustice, inequity, and disparity of wealth between the rich and the poor. Although history''s verdict in favor of the free markets could hardly be harsher or clearer, it is clear that after the initial wave of triumph, the free market paradigm has developed some cracks in its façade. What marks the trail of such sustained and pronounced move toward free markets in (...)
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  29.  7
    Identity, Moral, and Equity Perspectives on the Relationship Between Experienced Injustice and Time Theft.Yan Liu & Christopher M. Berry - 2013 - Journal of Business Ethics 118 (1):73-83.
    Time theft is a costly burden on organizations. However, there is limited knowledge about why time theft occurs. To advance this line of research, this conceptual paper looks at the association between organizational injustice and time theft from identity, moral, and equity perspectives. This paper proposes that organizational injustice triggers time theft through decreased organizational identification. It also proposes that moral disengagement and equity sensitivity moderate this process such that organizational identification is less likely to mediate among employees (...)
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  30.  19
    Research Note on Equity and Ethics in State-Promotion of Agricultural Products.Adesoji O. Adelaja & Robin G. Brumfield - 1991 - Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 4 (1):82-88.
    Many state governments in the United States promote locally-produced farm products. This paper discusses issues related to the ethics and equity of such promotional programs. The paper argues that generic promotion is generally easier to justify in terms of ethics and equity than brand promotion. It also argues that informative and factual brand promotions are easier to justify than deceptive and persuasive brand promotions. Additional equity issues arising when taxpayers finance state-promotional programs are also discussed.
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  31.  10
    Equity Under the Knife: Justice and Evidence in Surgery.Wendy Rogers, Christopher Degeling & Cynthia Townley - 2014 - Bioethics 28 (3):119-126.
    Surgery is an increasingly common and expensive mode of medical intervention. The ethical dimensions of the surgeon-patient relationship, including respect for personal autonomy and informed consent, are much discussed; but broader equity issues have not received the same attention. This paper extends the understanding of surgical ethics by considering the nature of evidence in surgery and its relationship to a just provision of healthcare for individuals and their populations.
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  32.  5
    Resource Allocation Within Australian Indigenous Communities: A Program for Implementing Vertical Equity[REVIEW]Virginia Wiseman & Stephen Jan - 2000 - Health Care Analysis 8 (3):217-233.
    Given the significant disparities in health and health related disadvantage between Aboriginal andnon-Aboriginal Australians, the application of somenotion of equity has a role to play in the formulationof policy with respect to Aboriginal health. Aboriginal andTorres Strait Islander has been abbreviated to Aboriginal. There has been considerable debate in Australia as to what the principles of equity should be. This paper discussesthe relevance of the principle of vertical equity (theunequal, but equitable, treatment of unequals) toAboriginal health funding. (...)
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  33.  2
    Higher Education and Wealth Equity: Calibrating the Moral Compass Empathy, Ethics, and the Trained Will.Samuel M. Natale & Anthony F. Libertella - 2016 - Journal of Academic Ethics 14 (1):35-47.
    This paper will argue the importance of the creation of a moral compass, driven by empathy and a rigorously trained will in higher education leadership to develop a tighter relationship between higher education and wealth equity. We will explore the foundational documents that first discussed these issues within a global context. Further, We explore how these goals, enhanced by insights promulgated by the United Nations, can be achieved by teaching empathy, developing a moral compass and training the will.
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  34.  8
    Redressing Dis-Advantage: Promoting Vertical Equity Within South Africa.Lucy Gilson - 2000 - Health Care Analysis 8 (3):235-258.
    This paper represents the first attempt to apply vertical equity principles to the South African health sector. A vertical equity approach, which recognises that different groups have different starting points and therefore require differential treatment, appears to offer an appropriate basis for considering how best to redress the vast inequities which exist in post-Apartheid South Africa. Vertical equity principles are applied in critically analysing two areas of recent policy action which are particularlyrelevant to health sector equity (...)
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  35.  1
    Health Systems Research Consortia and the Promotion of Health Equity in Low and Middle‐Income Countries.Bridget Pratt, Katharine A. Allen & Adnan A. Hyder - 2016 - Developing World Bioethics 16 (3):148-157.
    Health systems research is widely identified as an indispensable means to achieve the goal of health equity between and within countries. Numerous health systems research consortia comprised of institutions from high-income countries and low and middle-income countries are currently undertaking programs of research in LMICs. These partnerships differ from collaborations that carry out single projects in the multiplicity of their goals, scope of their activities, and nature of their management. Recent conceptual work has explored what features might be necessary (...)
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  36. Designing Research Funding Schemes to Promote Global Health Equity: An Exploration of Current Practice in Health Systems Research.Bridget Pratt & Adnan A. Hyder - 2016 - Developing World Bioethics 16 (3).
    International research is an essential means of reducing health disparities between and within countries and should do so as a matter of global justice. Research funders from high-income countries have an obligation of justice to support health research in low and middle-income countries that furthers such objectives. This paper investigates how their current funding schemes are designed to incentivise health systems research in LMICs that promotes health equity. Semi-structured in-depth interviews were performed with 16 grants officers working for 11 (...)
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  37. Designing Research Funding Schemes to Promote Global Health Equity: An Exploration of Current Practice in Health Systems Research.Bridget Pratt & Adnan A. Hyder - 2016 - Developing World Bioethics 17 (1).
    International research is an essential means of reducing health disparities between and within countries and should do so as a matter of global justice. Research funders from high-income countries have an obligation of justice to support health research in low and middle-income countries that furthers such objectives. This paper investigates how their current funding schemes are designed to incentivise health systems research in LMICs that promotes health equity. Semi-structured in-depth interviews were performed with 16 grants officers working for 11 (...)
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  38.  3
    Social Justice and the Canadian Nurses Association: Justifying Equity.Stephen Wilmot - 2012 - Nursing Philosophy 13 (1):15-26.
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  39. The Impact of Nanomedicine Development on North–South Equity and Equal Opportunities in Healthcare.Michael G. Tyshenko - 2009 - Studies in Ethics, Law, and Technology 3 (3).
    Nanomedicine applications are an extension of traditional pharmaceutical drug development that are targeting the most pressing health concerns through improvements to diagnostics, drug delivery systems, therapeutics, equipment, surgery and prosthetics. The benefits and risks to the individual have been extrapolated to include broader societal impacts of nanomedicine with concerns extending to inequitable distribution of benefits accruing to developed, or North countries, rather than developing, or South countries. Analysis reveals a great deal of overlap between the North and South's most serious (...)
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  40.  11
    Antecedents of Green Brand Equity: An Integrated Approach.Pui Fong Ng, Muhammad Mohsin Butt, Kok Wei Khong & Fon Sim Ong - 2014 - Journal of Business Ethics 121 (2):203-215.
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  41.  39
    What is Equity in Education? Reflections From the Capability Approach.Elaine Unterhalter - 2009 - Studies in Philosophy and Education 28 (5):415-424.
  42.  4
    Intersectoral Action for Health Equity as It Relates to Climate Change in Canada: Contributions From Critical Systems Heuristics.Chris Buse - 2013 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 19 (6):1095-1100.
  43.  17
    Inequalities in Health and Intergenerational Equity.Alan Williams - 1999 - Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 2 (1):47-55.
    In the popular folklore three-score-years-and-ten is treated as a fair innings for people, and thereby serves as an informal reference point for judgements about distributive justice within a community. But length of life alone is an insufficient basis for such judgements - a person's health-related quality-of-life also needs to be taken into account. If one of the objectives of public policy is to reduce inequalities in lifetime health, it will be demonstrated that this is very likely to require systematic discrimination (...)
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  44.  9
    School Admissions: Increasing Equity, Accountability and Transparency.Anne West, Hazel Pennell & Philip Noden - 1998 - British Journal of Educational Studies 46 (2):188 - 200.
    This paper examines the impact of education reforms on school admissions policies and practices. It discusses the changes that are needed to improve the current system, especially in areas where the market is highly developed. It is concluded that the new legislation to be enacted by the current Labour Government should be beneficial, but that more far-reaching changes are needed for the admissions process to be equitable, transparent and accountable.
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  45.  1
    Clarifying Efficiency-Equity Tradeoffs Through Explicit Criteria, with a Focus on Developing Countries.Chris James, Guy Carrin, William Savedoff & Piya Hanvoravongchai - 2005 - Health Care Analysis 13 (1):33-51.
  46.  33
    A Virtue-Centered Account of Equity and the Rule of Law.Lawrence B. Solum - 2007 - In Colin Patrick Farrelly & Lawrence Solum (eds.), Virtue Jurisprudence. Palgrave-Macmillan.
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    Economics of Radiation Protection: Equity Considerations.Thierry Schneider, Caroline Schieber, Louis Eeckhoudt & Christian Gollier - 1997 - Theory and Decision 43 (3):241-251.
    In order to implement cost-benefit analysis of protective actions to reduce radiological exposures, one needs to attribute a monetary value to the avoided exposure. Recently, the International Commission on Radiological Protection has stressed the need to take into consideration not only the collective exposure to ionising radiation but also its dispersion in the population. In this paper, by using some well known and some recent results in the economics of uncertainty, we discuss how to integrate these recommendations in the valuation (...)
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  48.  1
    Justice and Equity Within Civil Process.Rūta Petkuvienė - 2013 - Jurisprudence 20 (3):1061-1080.
    The article provides an analysis on how much the standard court proceedings can be regarded as the research, which is performed by investigating by what manner and measures the justice in a procedural sense is implemented. It is generally acknowledged that the court, as a subject, solving a legal dispute, implements justice only in the case, when it ensures the impartiality towards all persons. The appropriate legal proceedings form a constituent part of the constitutional right to apply in the court. (...)
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  49. Equity, Restitution & Fraud.John Glover - 2004 - Lexisnexis Group.
     
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  50. Equity and Contemporary Legal Developments: Papers Presented at the First International Conference on Equity, the Faculty of Law, the Hebrew University of Jerusalem, June 1990.Stephen R. Goldstein (ed.) - 1992 - Harry and Michael Sacher Institute for Legislative Research and Comparative Law, the Hebrew University of Jerusalem.
     
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