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Eric Brown
Washington University in St. Louis
Eric Brown
Tulane University
Eric Brown
University College of Gävle/Sandviken
  1.  2
    The Physics of Optimal Decision Making: A Formal Analysis of Models of Performance in Two-Alternative Forced-Choice Tasks.Rafal Bogacz, Eric Brown, Jeff Moehlis, Philip Holmes & Jonathan D. Cohen - 2006 - Psychological Review 113 (4):700-765.
  2. Justice and Compulsion for Plato’s Philosopher–Rulers.Eric Brown - 2000 - Ancient Philosophy 20 (1):1-17.
    By considering carefully Socrates' invocations of 'compulsion' in Plato's Republic, I seek to explain how both justice and compulsion are crucial to the philosophers' decision to rule in Kallipolis, so that this decision does not contradict Socrates' central thesis that it is always in one's interests to act justly. On my account, the compulsion is provided by a law, made by the city's lawgivers, that requires people raised to be philosophers take turns ruling. Justice by itself does not require the (...)
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  3.  27
    Plato on Well-Being.Eric Brown - 2016 - In Guy Fletcher (ed.), The Routledge Handbook of Philosophy of Well-Being. London, UK: pp. 9-19.
    Plato's dialogues use several terms for the concept of well-being, which concept plays a central ethical role as the ultimate goal for action and a central political role as the proper aim for states. But the dialogues also reveal sharp debate about what human well-being is. I argue that they endorse a Socratic conception of well-being as virtuous activity, by considering and rejecting several alternatives, including an ordinary conception that lists a variety of goods, a Protagorean conception that identifies one's (...)
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  4.  11
    Socrates in the Stoa.Eric Brown - 2006 - In Sara Ahbel-Rappe & Rachana Kamtekar (eds.), A Companion to Socrates. Oxford, UK: pp. 275-284.
  5.  31
    Vulnerability and the Basis of Business Ethics: From Fiduciary Duties to Professionalism. [REVIEW]Eric Brown - 2013 - Journal of Business Ethics 113 (3):489-504.
    This paper examines the role of vulnerability in the basis of business ethics by criticizing its role in giving a moral substantial character to fiduciary duties to shareholders. The target is Marcoux’s (Bus Ethics Q 13(1):1–24, 2003) argument for morally substantial fiduciary duties vis-à-vis the multifiduciary stakeholder theory. Rather than proceed to support the stakeholder paradigm, a conception of vulnerability is combined with Heath’s 2004) “market failure” view of the ethical obligations of managers as falling out of their roles as (...)
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  6.  12
    The Stoic Invention of Cosmopolitan Politics.Eric Brown - 2010 - In Matthias Lutz-Bachmann, Andreas Niederberger & Philipp Schink (eds.), Kosmopolitanismus: Zur Geschichte und Zukunft eines umstrittenen Ideals. Weilerswist, Germany: pp. 9-24.
    This lecture explores the political import of Chrysippus' account of why and how one should live as a citizen of the cosmos, and it makes a case for seeing this account as the invention of political cosmopolitanism. (The version uploaded here is the final English draft on which the German translation was based.).
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  7.  10
    False Idles: The Politics of the "Quiet Life".Eric Brown - 2008 - In Ryan Balot (ed.), A Companion to Greek and Roman Political Thought. Oxford, UK: pp. 485-500.
    The dominant Greek and Roman ideology held that the best human life required engaging in politics, on the grounds that the human good is shared, not private, and that the activities central to this shared good are those of traditional politics. This chapter surveys three ways in which philosophers challenged this ideology, defended a withdrawal from or transformation of traditional politics, and thus rethought what politics could be. Plato and Aristotle accept the ideology's two central commitments but insist that a (...)
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  8. Aristotle on the Choice of Lives: Two Concepts of Self-Sufficiency.Eric Brown - 2014 - In Pierre Destrée & Marco Zingano (eds.), Theoria: Studies on the Status and Meaning of Contemplation in Aristotle's Ethics. Leuven, Belgium: Peeters Publishing. pp. 111-133.
    Aristotle's treatment of the choice between the political and contemplative lives (in EN I 5 and X 7-8) can seem awkward. To offer one explanation of this, I argue that when he invokes self-sufficience (autarkeia) as a criterion for this choice, he appeals to two different and incompatible specifications of "lacking nothing." On one specification, suitable to a human being living as a political animal and thus seeking to realize his end as an engaged citizen of a polis, a person (...)
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  9.  69
    Minding the Gap in Plato's Republic.Eric Brown - 2004 - Philosophical Studies 117 (1-2):275-302.
    At least Sachs' well-known essay, many readers of Plato's Republic have worried that there is a gap between the challenge posed to Socrates--to show that it is always in one's interest to act justly--and his response--to show that it is always in one's interest to have a just soul. The most popular response has been that Socrates fills this gap in Books Five through Seven by supposing that knowledge of the Forms motivates those with just souls to act justly. I (...)
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  10. Politics and Society.Eric Brown - 2009 - In James Warren (ed.), The Cambridge Companion to Epicureanism. Cambridge University Press.
    An overview of Epicurus' thoughts about politics and society, including his attitude toward political engagement, his account of friendship, and his account of justice.
     
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  11.  55
    Contemplative Withdrawal in the Hellenistic Age.Eric Brown - 2008 - Philosophical Studies 137 (1):79-89.
    I reject the traditional picture of philosophical withdrawal in the Hellenistic Age by showing how both Epicureans and Stoics oppose, in different ways, the Platonic and Aristotelian assumption that contemplative activity is the greatest good for a human being. Chrysippus the Stoic agrees with Plato and Aristotle that the greatest good for a human being is virtuous activity, but he denies that contemplation exercises virtue. Epicurus more thoroughly rejects the assumption that the greatest good for a human being is virtuous (...)
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  12. Plato's Ethics and Politics in the Republic.Eric Brown - 2008 - Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
    Plato's Republic centers on a simple question: is it always better to be just than unjust? The puzzles in Book One prepare for this question, and Glaucon and Adeimantus make it explicit at the beginning of Book Two. To answer the question, Socrates takes a long way around, sketching an account of a good city on the grounds that a good city would be just and that defining justice as a virtue of a city would help to define justice as (...)
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  13.  48
    Du Bois and Diasporic Identity: The Veil and the Unveiling Project.Judith R. Blau & Eric S. Brown - 2001 - Sociological Theory 19 (2):219-233.
    Positioning Du Bois's arguments in The Souls of Black Folk (1903) within social theory enhances our understanding of the phenomenological dimensions of racial oppression and of how oppressed groups build on members' differences, as well as on what they share, to construct a cosmopolitan and richly textured community. Du Bois wrote Souls just at the beginning of the Great Migration but indicated that geographical dispersion would deepen racial solidarity, enhance the meaningfulness of community, and emancipate individual group members through participation (...)
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  14.  9
    Cynics.Eric Brown - 2013 - In Frisbee Sheffield & James Warren (eds.), The Routledge Companion to Ancient Philosophy. London, UK: Routledge. pp. 399-408.
    This overview attempts to explain how we can come to an account of Cynicism and what that account should look like.
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  15.  46
    Colloquium 7: Wishing for Fortune, Choosing Activity: Aristotle on External Goods and Happiness1.Eric Brown - 2006 - Proceedings of the Boston Area Colloquium of Ancient Philosophy 22 (1):221-256.
    Aristotle’s account of external goods in Nicomachean Ethics I 8-12 is often thought to amend his narrow claim that happiness is virtuous activity. I argue, to the contrary, that on Aristotle’s account, external goods are necessary for happiness only because they are necessary for virtuous activity. My case innovates in three main respects: I offer a new map of EN I 8-12; I identify two mechanisms to explain why virtuous activity requires external goods, including a psychological need for external goods; (...)
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  16.  30
    Scientific Proof of the Natural Moral Law.Eric M. Brown - manuscript
    Introduction to the Scientific Proof of the Natural Moral Law -/- This paper proves that Aquinas has a means of demonstrating and deriving both moral goodness and the natural moral law from human nature alone. Aquinas scientifically proves the existence of the natural moral law as the natural rule of human operations from human nature alone. The distinction between moral goodness and transcendental goodness is affirmed. This provides the intellectual tools to refute the G.E. Moore (Principles of Ethics) attack against (...)
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  17.  22
    Plato on the Rule of Wisdom.Eric Brown - 2005 - Southern Journal of Philosophy 43 (S1):84-96.
    How does Plato account for political legitimacy in the Republic? In the first half of these brief comments, I consider Fred Miller's proposal that Plato endorses "the rule of reason." In the second, I offer an alternative, according to which it is wisdom that earns rulers legitimacy.
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  18.  35
    Blame: Strangers and the Moral Relationship.Eric Brown - 2017 - Analysis 77 (1):10-20.
    In his recent work, T.M. Scanlon has argued for a relationship based theory of blame. For Scanlon moral blame involves the modification of the moral relationship. He holds that this relationship obtains among all rational beings. George Sher has recently argued that Scanlon’s theory cannot account for blame between strangers. Following Sher, I argue that Scanlon’s account of blame precludes complete strangers and that his conception of the moral relationship is fundamentally inconsistent with his theory of blame generally. I contend (...)
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  19.  57
    Control, Risk, and the Role of Luck in Moral Responsibility.Eric Brown - 2011 - Philosophy in the Contemporary World 18 (2):11-21.
    Questions about the role of luck in attributions of moral responsibility have troubled theorists for some time. In this paper I will explicate a position that acknowledges luck as a contributing factor to most, if not all, outcomes and consequences while denying luck the exculpatory role that some theorists contend it plays. I begin by going through the characterization of two perspectives on luck offered by Susan Wolf. From there I outline two necessary conditions for the legitimate attribution of praise (...)
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  20.  2
    Cosmopolitanism.Pauline Kleingeld & Eric Brown - 2013 - Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
    The word ‘cosmopolitan’, which derives from the Greek word kosmopolitês (‘citizen of the world’), has been used to describe a wide variety of important views in moral and socio political philosophy. The nebulous core shared by all cosmopolitan views is the idea that all human beings, regardless of their political affiliation, do (or at least can) belong to a single community, and that this community should be cultivated. Different versions of cosmopolitanism envision this community in different ways, some focusing on (...)
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  21.  82
    A Defense of Plato's Argument for the Immortality of the Soul at Republic X 608c-611a.Eric A. Brown - 1997 - Apeiron 30 (3):211 - 238.
  22.  58
    Socrates the Cosmopolitan.Eric Brown - 2000 - Stanford Agora: An Online Journal of Legal Perspectives 1 (1):74-87.
    I argue that the Stoics were right to portray Socrates as a cosmopolitan, because this portrait is fully consistent with the Socrates of Plato's Socratic dialogues. His rejection of ordinary political engagement in favor of an extraordinary way of doing the political work of improving others lives by examining them is also the rejection of locally engaged politics in favor of benefiting human beings as such. It is less clear whether his cosmopolitanism is moderate (admitting special obligations to benefit compatriots (...)
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  23.  92
    Socrates the Stoic? Rethinking Protreptic, Eudaimonism, and the Role of Plato's Socratic Dialogues.Eric Brown - manuscript
    I defend the Stoicizing view that Socrates in the Euthydemus really means what he says when he says that wisdom is the only good for a human being. By taking the deniers' case seriously and extending my Stoicizing interpretation to the Euthydemus as a whole, I aim to show how the dialogue calls into question three prominent assumptions that the deniers make, assumptions that reach far beyond the Euthydemus and that are made by more than just the deniers. First, the (...)
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  24. Essays on Plato's Psychology.Richard Bett, Christopher Bobonich, David Bostock, Eric A. Brown, John M. Cooper, Dorothea Frede, David Gallop, Jonathan Lear, Nicholas D. Smith, Thomas M. Robinson, Christopher Shields, C. C. W. Taylor, Cass Weller & Bernard Williams - 2001 - Lexington Books.
    The last several decades have witnessed an explosion of research in Platonic philosophy. A central focus of his philosophical effort, Plato's psychology is of interest both in its own right and as fundamental to his metaphysical and moral theories. This anthology offers, for the first time, a collection of the best classic and recent essays on cenral topics of Plato's psychological theory, including essays on the nature of the soul, studies of the tripartite soul for which Plato argues in the (...)
     
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  25. Hellenistic Cosmopolitanism.Eric Brown - 2006 - In Mary Louise Gill & Pierre Pellegrin (eds.), A Companion to Ancient Philosophy. Oxford, UK: pp. 549-558.
    This chapter surveys the origins and development in Greek philosophy of the thought that living well requires living as a citizen of the world.
     
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  26.  45
    Women in Plato's Political Theory. [REVIEW]Eric Brown - 2002 - Ancient Philosophy 22 (1):189-193.
    Review of Morag Buchan, Women in Plato's Political Theory.
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  27. Epicurus on the Value of Friendship (Sententia Vatican 23).Eric Brown - 2002 - Classical Philology 97 (1):68-80.
    The orthodox reading of Sententia Vaticana (SV) 23 emends the sentence and attributes to Epicurus the view that every friendship is choiceworthy for its own sake. I argue that this reading should be rejected, because it singularly contradicts all our evidence about Epicurus' view, according to which only pleasure is choiceworthy for its own sake. I defend the manuscript reading, that every friendship is in itself a virtue, and I argue that anyone who rejects the manuscript reading should attribute the (...)
     
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  28.  41
    The Roman Stoics: Self, Responsibility, and Affection (Review). [REVIEW]Eric Brown - 2007 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 45 (3):490-491.
    Review of Gretchen Reydams-Schils, The Roman Stoics: Self, Responsibility, and Affection. Chicago: The University of Chicago Press, 2005.
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  29.  3
    Serial Pattern Learning.Frank Restle & Eric R. Brown - 1970 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 83 (1p1):120.
  30.  18
    A Comprehensive Overview of Cosmopolitan Literature Garrett Wallace Brown and Megan Kime.Eric Brown, Hellenistic Cosmopolitanism, A. In & Mary Louise Gill - 2010 - In Garrett Wallace Brown & David Held (eds.), The Cosmopolitanism Reader. Polity.
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  31.  30
    From Republic to Laws T. Samaras: Plato on Democracy . (Major Concepts in Politics and Political Theory 23.) Pp. XII + 405. New York: Peter Lang, 2002. Cased, €74.70. Isbn: 0-8204-5681-. [REVIEW]Eric Brown - 2004 - The Classical Review 54 (01):71-.
  32.  14
    Knowing the Whole: Comments on Gill, “Plato’s Phaedrus and the Method of Hippocrates”.Eric Brown - 2003 - Modern Schoolman 80 (4):315-323.
    What does Socrates mean by suggesting that no one can understand the nature of the soul "without the nature of the whole" (Phaedrus 270c)? I raise epistemological and metaphysical questions for Mary Louise Gill's proposal that he means us to consider the whole environment, and I make a case for the old-fashioned interpretation that he means us to consider the whole cosmos.
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  33.  18
    Stoic Psychopathology.Eric Brown - manuscript
    An attempt to answer four unsettled questions about the Stoic definition of passions. (I am no longer working on this paper, but have incorporated some of its thoughts into subsequent work.).
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  34.  9
    A New Stoicism (Review). [REVIEW]Eric Brown - 1999 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 37 (1):162-164.
    A review of Lawrence Becker, A New Stoicism.
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  35.  11
    The Ethics of the Stoic Epictetus: An English Translation, And: Discourses Book 1 (Review). [REVIEW]Eric Brown - 1999 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 37 (4):671-673.
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  36.  9
    Insects, Colonies, and Idealization in the Early Americas.Eric C. Brown - 2002 - Utopian Studies 13 (2):20 - 37.
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  37.  12
    Topics in Stoic Philosophy, And: Determinism and Freedom in Stoic Philosophy (Review). [REVIEW]Eric Brown - 2000 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 38 (3):432-434.
    Review of Ierodiakonou (ed.), Topics in Stoic Philosophy, and Bobzien, Determinism and Freedom in Stoic Philosophy.
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  38.  4
    Pica: The Unfinished Story: Background: Correlations with Anemia and Pregnancy.Louis Keith, Eric R. Brown & Cary Rosenberg - 1970 - Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 13 (4):626-632.
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  39.  5
    The Emergence of Natural Law and the Cosmopolis.Eric Brown - 2009 - In Stephen G. Salkever (ed.), The Cambridge Companion to Ancient Greek Political Thought. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press. pp. 331-363.
    Two prominent metaphors in Greek and Roman political philosophy are surveyed here, with a view to determining their possible meanings and the plausibility of the claims advanced by those possible meanings.
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  40. Advising the Cosmopolis.Eric Brown - manuscript
    Plutarch charges that Stoic theory is inconsistent with Stoic political engagement no matter what they decide to do, because the Stoics' endorsement of the political life is inconsistent with their cosmopolitan rejection of ordinary politics (Stoic.rep., ab init.). Drawing on evidence from Chrysippus and Seneca, I develop an argument that answers this charge, and I draw out two interesting implications of the argument. The first implication is for scholars of ancient Stoicism who like to say that Stoicism is apolitical. The (...)
     
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  41.  3
    Phagocytosis.Eric J. Brown - 1995 - Bioessays 17 (2):109-117.
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  42.  1
    Women in Plato’s Political Theory. [REVIEW]Eric Brown - 2002 - Ancient Philosophy 22 (1):189-193.
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  43.  1
    Knowing the Whole: Comments on Gill, “Plato’s Phaedrus and the Method of Hippocrates”.Eric Brown - 2003 - Modern Schoolman 80 (4):315-323.
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  44.  2
    Fantasizing Ants: Literary Entomology as Environmental Advocacy.Eric C. Brown - 2011 - Society and Animals 19 (2):195-197.
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  45.  1
    Effect of "Rights" and "Wrongs" on Concept Identification.Coleman Merryman, Barbara Kaufmann & Eric Brown - 1968 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 76 (1p1):116.
  46. Book Reviews. [REVIEW]Eric Brown - 1999 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 37 (4):671.
     
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  47. From Republic To Laws. [REVIEW]Eric Brown - 2004 - The Classical Review 54 (1):71-72.
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  48. Lawrence C. Becker, A New Stoicism. [REVIEW]Eric Brown - 1999 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 37 (1):162-163.
     
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  49. Stoic Cosmopolitanism and the Political Life.Eric Brown - 1997 - Dissertation, The University of Chicago
    Resurgent nationalisms and disputes over educational curricula have brought to the fore an old debate between cosmopolitans and patriots. The cosmopolitans emphasize our moral obligations to all human beings, while the patriots argue that our greatest moral obligations lie closer to hand, within our political community. My dissertation concerns the roots of this debate by focusing on the first philosophers in the West to devise an ethical theory which is fully committed to the strictly cosmopolitan denial that we have any (...)
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  50. The Unity of the Soul in Plato's Republic.Eric Brown - 2012 - In Rachel Barney, Tad Brennan & Charles Brittain (eds.), Plato and the Divided Self. Cambridge, UK: pp. 53-73.
    This essay argues that Plato in the Republic needs an account of why and how the three distinct parts of the soul are parts of one soul, and it draws on the Phaedrus and Gorgias to develop an account of compositional unity that fits what is said in the Republic.
     
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