Results for 'Eric M. Anderman'

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  1.  26
    Academic Cheating in Disliked Classes.Eric M. Anderman & Sungjun Won - 2019 - Ethics and Behavior 29 (1):1-22.
    Academic dishonesty occurs at alarming rates in higher education. In the present study, we examined predictors of academic cheating behaviors, and beliefs in the acceptability of cheating, in disliked courses at two large universities, using structural equation modeling. Perceived mastery and extrinsic goal structures were related to beliefs about cheating but not cheating behaviors. Beliefs in the acceptability of cheating were more likely to be endorsed in math and science courses. College students were more likely to cheat and to believe (...)
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  2. How Bioethics Principles Can Aid Design of Electronic Health Records to Accommodate Patient Granular Control.Eric M. Meslin & Peter H. Schwartz - 2014 - Journal of General Internal Medicine 30 (1):3-6.
    Ethics should guide the design of electronic health records (EHR), and recognized principles of bioethics can play an important role. This approach was adopted recently by a team of informaticists designing and testing a system where patients exert granular control over who views their personal health information. While this method of building ethics in from the start of the design process has significant benefits, questions remain about how useful the application of bioethics principles can be in this process, especially when (...)
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  3. Giving Patients Granular Control of Personal Health Information: Using an Ethics ‘Points to Consider’ to Inform Informatics System Designers.Eric M. Meslin, Sheri A. Alpert, Aaron E. Carroll, Jere D. Odell, William M. Tierney & Peter H. Schwartz - 2013 - International Journal of Medical Informatics 82:1136-1143.
    Objective: There are benefits and risks of giving patients more granular control of their personal health information in electronic health record (EHR) systems. When designing EHR systems and policies, informaticists and system developers must balance these benefits and risks. Ethical considerations should be an explicit part of this balancing. Our objective was to develop a structured ethics framework to accomplish this. -/- Methods: We reviewed existing literature on the ethical and policy issues, developed an ethics framework called a “Points to (...)
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  4.  52
    Students Reported for Cheating Explain What They Think Would Have Stopped Them.Eric M. Beasley - 2014 - Ethics and Behavior 24 (3):229-252.
    I analyzed 298 open-ended responses of undergraduate students who have been reported for cheating to the question, “What, if anything, would have stopped you from committing your act of academic dishonesty?” These responses included a few major themes: students pled ignorance of what constitutes academic dishonesty and the consequences/seriousness associated with violations; students tended to deflect blame, usually by saying that their professor could have done something differently ; students did not feel they had enough time, resources, and/or skills to (...)
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  5.  26
    “Because It Was Hard …”: Some Lessons Developing a Joint IRB Between Moi University (Kenya) and Indiana University.Eric M. Meslin, David Ayuku & Edwin Were - 2014 - American Journal of Bioethics 14 (5):17-19.
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  6. Logic and Visual Information.Eric M. Hammer - 1995 - CSLI Publications.
    This book examines the logical foundations of visual information: information presented in the form of diagrams, graphs, charts, tables, and maps. The importance of visual information is clear from its frequent presence in everyday reasoning and communication, and also in compution. Chapters of the book develop the logics of familiar systems of diagrams such as Venn diagrams and Euler circles. Other chapters develop the logic of higraphs, Pierce diagrams, and a system having both diagrams and sentences among its well-formed representations. (...)
     
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  7.  9
    The President's Council: Fair and Balanced?Eric M. Meslin - 2004 - Hastings Center Report 34 (2):6.
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  8.  28
    Stress‐Induced Evolutionary Innovation: A Mechanism for the Origin of Cell Types.Günter P. Wagner, Eric M. Erkenbrack & Alan C. Love - 2019 - Bioessays 41 (4):1800188.
    Understanding the evolutionary role of environmentally induced phenotypic variation (i.e., plasticity) is an important issue in developmental evolution. A major physiological response to environmental change is cellular stress, which is counteracted by generic stress reactions detoxifying the cell. A model, stress‐induced evolutionary innovation (SIEI), whereby ancestral stress reactions and their corresponding pathways can be transformed into novel structural components of body plans, such as new cell types, is described. Previous findings suggest that the cell differentiation cascade of a cell type (...)
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  9.  19
    Field‐Based Education and Indigenous Knowledge: Essential Components of Geoscience Education for Native American Communities.Eric M. Riggs - 2005 - Science Education 89 (2):296-313.
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  10.  40
    Protecting Human Subjects From Harm Through Improved Risk Judgments.Eric M. Meslin - 1990 - IRB: Ethics & Human Research 12 (1):7.
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  11. What’s Wrong with Motive Manipulation?Eric M. Cave - 2006 - Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 10 (2):129-144.
    Consider manipulation in which one agent, avoiding force, threat, or fraud mobilizes some non-concern motive of another so as to induce this other to behave or move differently than she would otherwise have behaved or moved, given her circumstances and her initial ranking of concerns. As an instance, imagine that I get us to miss the opening of a play that I have grudgingly agreed to attend by engaging your sublimated compulsive tendency to check the stove when we are halfway (...)
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  12.  45
    Absolute Processes: A Nominalist Alternative.Eric M. Rubenstein - 1997 - Southern Journal of Philosophy 35 (4):539-556.
  13.  16
    Judging the Ethical Merit of Clinical Trials: What Criteria Do Research Ethics Board Members Use?Eric M. Meslin, James V. Lavery, Heather J. Sutherland & James E. Till - 1994 - IRB: Ethics & Human Research 16 (4):6.
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  14. Achieving Global Justice in Health Through Global Research Ethics: Supplementing Macklin's "Top-Down" Approach with One From the "Ground Up".Eric M. Meslin - 2008 - In Ronald M. Green, Aine Donovan & Steven A. Jauss (eds.), Global Bioethics: Issues of Conscience for the Twenty-First Century. Oxford University Press.
     
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  15.  7
    Changing Visual Perspective Changes Processing Style: A Distinct Pathway by Which Imagery Guides Cognition.Eric M. Shaeffer, Lisa K. Libby & Richard P. Eibach - 2015 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 144 (3):534-538.
  16.  28
    Recharging Cognition with DC Brain Polarization.Eric M. Wassermann & Jordan Grafman - 2005 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 9 (11):503-505.
  17.  68
    Rethinking Kant on Individuation.Eric M. Rubenstein - 2001 - Kantian Review 5:73-89.
    In the section of the Critique of Pure Reason entitled The Amphiboly of Concepts of Reflection Kant writes:Suppose that an object is exhibited to us repeatedly but always with the same intrinsic determinations . In that case, if the object counts as object of pure understanding then it is always the same object, and is not many but only one thing . But if the object is appearance, then comparison of concepts does not matter at all; rather, however much everything (...)
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  18.  18
    Comparing the Demographics of Students Reported for Academic Dishonesty to Those of the Overall Student Population.Eric M. Beasley - 2016 - Ethics and Behavior 26 (1):45-62.
    Only a small proportion of academically dishonest students ever receive an official report of academic dishonesty, and the sociology of deviance literature is ripe with studies illustrating disproportionalities in detecting, policing, and prosecuting crimes. This study addresses the degree to which disproportionalities exist in the application of relatively few official sanctions levied upon students for academic dishonesty. I compared the demographics of those who have been reported for cheating with those of an entire undergraduate student body and of self-reported cheaters (...)
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  19.  51
    Semantics for Existential Graphs.Eric M. Hammer - 1998 - Journal of Philosophical Logic 27 (5):489-503.
    This paper examines Charles Peirce's graphical notation for first-order logic with identity. The notation forms a part of his system of "existential graphs," which Peirce considered to be his best work in logic. In this paper a Tarskian semantics is provided for the graphical system.
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  20. The Ethics of Information: Absolute Risk Reduction and Patient Understanding of Screening.Peter H. Schwartz & Eric M. Meslin - 2008 - Journal of General Internal Medicine 23 (6):867-870.
    Some experts have argued that patients should routinely be told the specific magnitude and absolute probability of potential risks and benefits of screening tests. This position is motivated by the idea that framing risk information in ways that are less precise violates the ethical principle of respect for autonomy and its application in informed consent or shared decisionmaking. In this Perspective, we consider a number of problems with this view that have not been adequately addressed. The most important challenges stem (...)
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  21.  11
    Liberalism, Civil Marriage, and Amorous Caregiving Dyads.Eric M. Cave - 2017 - Journal of Applied Philosophy 36 (1):50-72.
    Recently, the US has joined many European jurisdictions in extending civil marriage to same sex as well as different sex dyads. Many liberals regard this as a development worth entrenching. But a prominent recent liberal challenge to civil marriage claims otherwise. According to this challenge, by defining and conferring civil marriage, the state privileges some relationships over others that serve equally well the important liberal goal of fostering effective liberal citizenship, in violation of a prominent interpretation of the doctrine of (...)
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  22.  4
    Trust but Verify: Social Capital and Moral Behavior.Eric M. Uslaner - 1999 - Social Science Information 38 (1):29-55.
    Rational choice approaches suggest that decisions to behave morally depend largely on how people expect others to act. A social capital approach suggests that moral codes, rather than expectations of others, lead people to endorse strong standards of moral behavior. Using the 1981 World Values Study in the United States, I find strong support for the social capital perspective and at best limited backing for the rational choice approach in explaining why people endorse strong standards of moral behavior. Core values (...)
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  23.  4
    Galilee: History, Politics, People.Eric M. Meyers & Richard A. Horsley - 1998 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 118 (1):87.
  24. Color.Eric M. Rubenstein - 2006 - Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
    Philosophy has long struggled to understand the nature of color. The central role color plays in our lives, in visual experience, in art, as a metaphor for emotions, has made it an obvious candidate for philosophical reflection. Understanding the nature of color, however, has proved a daunting task, despite the numerous fields that contribute to the project. Even knowing how to start can be difficult. Is color to be understood as an objective part of reality, a property of objects with (...)
     
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  25.  8
    Infants with Trisomy 18 and Complex Congenital Heart Defects Should Not Undergo Open Heart Surgery.Eric M. Graham - 2016 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 44 (2):286-291.
    Aggressive medical and surgical interventions have not been clearly demonstrated to improve survival in neonates with trisomy 18; there are no data that demonstrates improved quality of life for these children after these interventions; and these interventions are clearly associated with significant morbidity, resource allocation, and cost.
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  26.  13
    The 'Am Ha-Aretz. A Study in the Social History of the Jewish People in the Hellenistic-Roman Period.Eric M. Meyers, Aharon Oppenheimer & K. H. Rengstorf - 1979 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 99 (1):116.
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  27.  11
    Hammath Tiberias: Early Synagogues and the Hellenistic and Roman Remains.Eric M. Meyers & Moshe Dothan - 1984 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 104 (3):577.
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  28.  27
    Principlism and the Ethical Appraisal of Clinical Trials.Eric M. Meslin, Heather J. Sutherland, James V. Lavery & James E. Till - 1995 - Bioethics 9 (4):399–418.
  29.  6
    Principlism and the Ethical Appraisal of Clinical Trials.Eric M. Meslin - 1995 - Bioethics 9 (5):399.
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  30. Universals.Mary C. MacLeod & Eric M. Rubenstein - unknown
    Universals are a class of mind independent entities, usually contrasted with individuals, postulated to ground and explain relations of qualitative identity and resemblance among individuals. Individuals are said to be similar in virtue of sharing universals. An apple and a ruby are both red, for example, and their common redness results from sharing a universal. If they are both red at the same time, the universal, red, must be in two places at once. This makes universals quite different from individuals, (...)
     
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  31. Review of" Ethics Without Ontology". [REVIEW]Eric M. Rovie - 2006 - Essays in Philosophy 7 (2):11.
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  32.  3
    Seeing Meaning in Action: A Bidirectional Link Between Visual Perspective and Action Identification Level.Lisa K. Libby, Eric M. Shaeffer & Richard P. Eibach - 2009 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 138 (4):503-516.
  33.  37
    Chevlen, Eric, M.D., and Wesley J. Smith. Power Over Pain: How to Get the Pain Control You Need.Christopher M. Saliga - 2002 - The National Catholic Bioethics Quarterly 2 (4):761-762.
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  34. Marital Pluralism: Making Marriage Safer for Love.Eric M. Cave - 2003 - Journal of Social Philosophy 34 (3):331-347.
    Let the marriage bond be the set of extralegal obligations to one another that individuals acquire in getting married. And let a conception of the marriage bond be an account of the nature and content of these. Here, I argue that the conception of this bond dominant among us is uncongenial to romantic love among individuals of a certain psychological type. Then, after articulating a conception more congenial to romantic love among such individuals, I argue that if we wish to (...)
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  35.  16
    The Incommensurability of Research Risks and Benefits: Practical Help for Research Ethics Committees.Douglas K. Martin, Eric M. Meslin, Nitsa Kohut & Peter A. Singer - 1995 - IRB: Ethics & Human Research 17 (2):8.
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  36. Universals. Rubenstein, Mary C. MacLeod & M. Eric - manuscript
    Universals are a class of mind independent entities, usually contrasted with individuals, postulated to ground and explain relations of qualitative identity and resemblance among individuals. Individuals are said to be similar in virtue of sharing universals. An apple and a ruby are both red, and their common redness results from sharing a universal. If they are both red at the same time, the universal, red, must be in two places at once. This makes universals quite different from individuals, and controversial. (...)
     
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  37.  52
    Would Pluralist Angels (Really) Need Government?Eric M. Cave - 1996 - Philosophical Studies 81 (2-3):227 - 246.
  38.  6
    The Last Conceptual Revolution: A Critique of Richard Rorty's Political Philosophy.Eric M. Gander - 1998 - State University of New York Press.
    A critique of Rorty's own provocative political philosophy, as well as an in-depth look at both the issues concerning the relationship between the public and the private, and arguments on the role of reason in liberal political discourse generally.
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  39.  10
    Sharing with Strangers: Governance Models for Borderless Genomic Research in a Territorial World.Eric T. Juengst & Eric M. Meslin - 2019 - Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 29 (1):67-95.
    Expectations are high around the world that more research on human genomic variation will improve the utility of “precision medicine” and help address population health disparities through “precision public health”. In large measure, these expectations rest on the premise that researchers will be able to share human DNA samples and genomic data freely and widely across the international scientific community. The human genomics community pioneered polices of early deposit of genomic research data into open databases to facilitate the exchange and (...)
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  40.  12
    Untranslatability: The Case of Pronouns of Address in Literature.Gunilla M. Anderman - 1993 - Perspectives 1 (1):57-67.
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  41.  1
    An Explicit and Reflective Approach to the Use of History to Promote Understanding of the Nature of Science.David W. Rudge & Eric M. Howe - 2009 - Science & Education 18 (5):561-580.
  42.  21
    NAIPs: Building an Innate Immune Barrier Against Bacterial Pathogens.Eric M. Kofoed & Russell E. Vance - 2012 - Bioessays 34 (7):589-598.
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  43.  11
    Cassirer as Revolutionary: Semiotics as Embodied Worldview in Advance.Eric M. Kramer - forthcoming - American Journal of Semiotics.
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  44.  9
    Cassirer as Revolutionary: Semiotics as Embodied Worldview.Eric M. Kramer - 2017 - American Journal of Semiotics 33 (3):233-332.
    This article examines the meaning of interactive comportment as identified by Richard Lanigan and the role fundamental analysis of this facticity can play in improving social life. The role of communicology as exposed by this non-naïve sense of responsibility is examined. The contribution of Ernst Cassirer’s work on symbology generally, and the primitive more specifically, is explored as a case that supports Lanigan’s assertion that fundamental examination of comportment can expand our understanding of ourselves and others, facilitate tolerance, foster creativity, (...)
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  45.  4
    Eric M. Hammer. Logic and Visual Information. Studies in Logic, Language and Information. CSLI Publications, Stanford, and FoLLI, 1996 , Also Distributed by Cambridge University Press, New York, Ix + 124 Pp. [REVIEW]Isabel Luengo - 1996 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 61 (4):1395-1396.
  46.  11
    Review: Eric M. Hammer, Logic and Visual Information. [REVIEW]Isabel Luengo - 1996 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 61 (4):1395-1396.
  47.  1
    Baseline Performance Predicts tDCS-Mediated Improvements in Language Symptoms in Primary Progressive Aphasia.Eric M. McConathey, Nicole C. White, Felix Gervits, Sherry Ash, H. Branch Coslett, Murray Grossman & Roy H. Hamilton - 2017 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 11.
  48.  16
    Adding to the Canon: The Final Report. [REVIEW]Eric M. Meslin - 1996 - Hastings Center Report 26 (5):34.
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  49. Can National Bioethics Commissions Be Progressive? Should They?Eric M. Meslin - 2010 - In Jonathan D. Moreno & Sam Berger (eds.), Progress in Bioethics: Science, Policy, and Politics. MIT Press.
     
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  50. Can National Bioethics Commissions Be.Eric M. Meslin - 2010 - In Jonathan D. Moreno & Sam Berger (eds.), Progress in Bioethics: Science, Policy, and Politics. MIT Press. pp. 143.
     
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