Results for 'Eric Morgan Hammer'

1000+ found
Order:
  1.  4
    Eric M. Hammer. Logic and Visual Information. Studies in Logic, Language and Information. CSLI Publications, Stanford, and FoLLI, 1996 , Also Distributed by Cambridge University Press, New York, Ix + 124 Pp. [REVIEW]Isabel Luengo - 1996 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 61 (4):1395-1396.
  2.  11
    Review: Eric M. Hammer, Logic and Visual Information. [REVIEW]Isabel Luengo - 1996 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 61 (4):1395-1396.
  3. Logic and Visual Information.Eric M. Hammer - 1995 - CSLI Publications.
    This book examines the logical foundations of visual information: information presented in the form of diagrams, graphs, charts, tables, and maps. The importance of visual information is clear from its frequent presence in everyday reasoning and communication, and also in compution. Chapters of the book develop the logics of familiar systems of diagrams such as Venn diagrams and Euler circles. Other chapters develop the logic of higraphs, Pierce diagrams, and a system having both diagrams and sentences among its well-formed representations. (...)
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   10 citations  
  4.  20
    Reasoning with Sentences and Diagrams.Eric Hammer - 1994 - Notre Dame Journal of Formal Logic 35 (1):73-87.
    A formal system is studied having both sentences and diagrams as well-formed representations. Proofs in the system allow inference back and forth between sentences and diagrams, as well as between diagrams and diagrams, and between sentences and sentences. This sort of heterogeneous system is of interest because external representations other than linguistic ones occur commonly in actual reasoning in conjunction with language. Syntax, semantics, and rules of inference for the system are given and it is shown to be sound and (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   12 citations  
  5.  71
    Euler’s Visual Logic.Eric Hammer & Sun-Joo Shin - 1998 - History and Philosophy of Logic 19 (1):1-29.
    The evolution of Euler diagrams is examined from Euler's original system through the modifications made by Venn and Peirce. It is shown that these modifications were motivated by an attempt to increase the expressivity of the diagrams, but that a side effect of these modifications was a loss of the visual clarity of Euler's original system. Euler's original system is reconstructed from a modern, logical point of view. Formal semantics and rules of inference are provided for this reconstruction of Euler's (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   9 citations  
  6.  49
    Semantics for Existential Graphs.Eric M. Hammer - 1998 - Journal of Philosophical Logic 27 (5):489-503.
    This paper examines Charles Peirce's graphical notation for first-order logic with identity. The notation forms a part of his system of "existential graphs," which Peirce considered to be his best work in logic. In this paper a Tarskian semantics is provided for the graphical system.
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   6 citations  
  7.  61
    Towards a Model Theory of Diagrams.Hammer Eric & Danner Norman - 1996 - Journal of Philosophical Logic 25 (5):463 - 482.
    A logical system is studied whose well-formed representations consist of diagrams rather than formulas. The system, due to Shin [2, 3], is shown to be complete by an argument concerning maximally consistent sets of diagrams. The argument is complicated by the lack of a straight forward counterpart of atomic formulas for diagrams, and by the lack of a counterpart of negation for most diagrams.
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   4 citations  
  8.  6
    Peircean Graphs for Propositional Logic.Eric Hammer - 1996 - In Gerard Allwein & Jon Barwise (eds.), Logical Reasoning with Diagrams. Oxford University Press.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   3 citations  
  9.  26
    Diagrams and the Concept of Logical System.Jon Barwise & Eric Hammer - 1996 - In Gerard Allwein & Jon Barwise (eds.), Logical Reasoning with Diagrams. Oxford University Press.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   6 citations  
  10.  22
    A Solution to the Problem of Updating Encyclopedias.Eric Hammer & Edward N. Zalta - 1997 - Computers and the Humanities 31 (1):47-60.
    This paper describes a way of creating and maintaining a `dynamic encyclopedia', i.e., an encyclopedia whose entries can be improved and updated on a continual basis without requiring the production of an entire new edition. Such an encyclopedia is therefore responsive to new developments and new research. We discuss our implementation of a dynamic encyclopedia and the problems that we had to solve along the way. We also discuss ways of automating the administration of the encyclopedia.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  11.  13
    Linear Notation for Existential Graphs.Eric Hammer - 2011 - Semiotica 2011 (186):129-140.
    A linear notation for Charles S. Peirce's alpha and beta diagrammatic systems of existential graphs is presented. These two systems are equivalent to propositional and first-order logic. Some differences between the linear and graphical notation are analyzed, revealing some of the strengths and weaknesses of Peirce's system.
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  12.  9
    Peirce's Logic.Eric Hammer - 2008 - Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  13.  14
    Peirce on Logical Diagrams.Eric Hammer - 1995 - Transactions of the Charles S. Peirce Society 31 (4):807 - 827.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  14.  10
    Review: Sun-Joo Shin, The Logical Status of Diagrams. [REVIEW]Eric M. Hammer - 1996 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 61 (1):341-342.
  15.  33
    Symmetry as a Method of Proof.Eric Hammer - 1996 - Journal of Philosophical Logic 25 (5):523 - 543.
    This paper is a logical study of valid uses of symmetry in deductive reasoning, of what underlying principles make some appeals to symmetry legitimate but others illegitimate. The issue is first motivated informally. A framework is then given covering a fairly broad range of symmetry arguments, and the formulation of symmetry provided is shown to be a valid principle of reasoning, as is a slightly stronger principle of reasoning, one that is shown to be in some sense as strong as (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  16.  10
    Shin Sun-Joo. The Logical Status of Diagrams. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, New York, and Oakleigh, Victoria, 1995 , Xi + 197 Pp. [REVIEW]Eric M. Hammer - 1996 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 61 (1):341-342.
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  17.  9
    The Calculations of Peirce's 4.453.Eric Hammer - 1995 - Transactions of the Charles S. Peirce Society 31 (4):829 - 839.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  18.  54
    The Truths of Logic.Eric M. Hammer - 1996 - Synthese 109 (1):27 - 45.
    Several accounts of logical truth are compared and shown to define distinct concepts. Nevertheless, conditions are given under which they happen to declare exactly the same sentences logically true. These conditions involve the variety of objects in the domain, the richness of the language, and the logical resources available. It is argued that the class of sentences declared logically true by each of the accounts depends on particularities of the actual world.
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  19.  5
    Thomas Hobbes, Translations of Homer, 2 Vols, Edited by Eric Nelson. Clarendon, UK: Oxford University Press, 2008.Dean Hammer - 2011 - Political Theory 39 (1):166-169.
  20.  11
    Roger: A Biography of Roger Revelle. Judith Morgan, Neil Morgan.Eric L. Mills - 1997 - Isis 88 (4):732-733.
    No categories
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  21.  8
    Pearl Judea. Probabilistic Reasoning in Intelligent Systems: Networks of Plausible Inference. Series in Representation and Reasoning. Morgan Kaufmann, San Mateo 1988, Xix + 552 Pp. [REVIEW]Eric Neufeld - 1993 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 58 (2):721-721.
  22. Weaving the World: Simone Weil on Science, Mathematics, and Love.Vance G. Morgan - 2005 - University of Notre Dame Press.
    "_Weaving the World_ is a well-written and lucid overview of Simone Weil's writings on science and mathematics. This book will be of great benefit for anyone who wishes to pursue Weil's thought in depth." —_Eric O. Springsted, President of the American Weil Society_ "_Weaving the World_ is a detailed account of the philosophy of science and knowledge of Simone Weil. It is a very useful contribution to our understanding of one of the deepest and most incandescent thinkers of the twentieth (...)
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  23.  60
    The Logic of Knowledge Based Obligation.Eric Pacuit, Rohit Parikh & Eva Cogan - 2006 - Synthese 149 (2):311-341.
    Deontic Logic goes back to Ernst Mally’s 1926 work, Grundgesetze des Sollens: Elemente der Logik des Willens [Mally. E.: 1926, Grundgesetze des Sollens: Elemente der Logik des Willens, Leuschner & Lubensky, Graz], where he presented axioms for the notion ‘p ought to be the case’. Some difficulties were found in Mally’s axioms, and the field has much developed. Logic of Knowledge goes back to Hintikka’s work Knowledge and Belief [Hintikka, J.: 1962, Knowledge and Belief: An Introduction to the Logic of (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   18 citations  
  24.  7
    Against Deep Conventionalism.Eric Moore - 2018 - Journal of the Philosophy of Sport 45 (3):228-240.
    ABSTRACTWilliam Morgan presents two diametrically opposed normative conceptions of sport and athletic excellence from late nineteenth/early twentieth-century British and American athletes. He claims that this example shows that the normative theory of sport presented by broad internalism is false or at least inadequate. As an alternative, he presents the concept of deep conventions, which, he claims, can successfully adjudicate such normative disputes. I argue that Morgan’s counterexample is not nearly so decisive against broad internalism as it might seem (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  25. 1. Preface Preface (P. Vii).Michael Dickson, Don Howard, Scott Tanona, Mathias Frisch, Eric Winsberg, Arnold Koslow, Paul Teller, Ronald N. Giere, Mary S. Morgan & Mauricio Suárez - 2004 - Philosophy of Science 71 (5).
  26. Brill Online Books and Journals.Norbert M. le GoodmanSamuelson, Kenneth Seeskin, David Novak, Ehud Z. Benor, Menachem Kellner, Eric Lawee, Michael Zank, Michael L. Morgan & Avihu Zakai - 1996 - Journal of Jewish Thought and Philosophy 5 (2).
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  27.  7
    Conventionalism Defended: A Reply to Moore.William Morgan - 2019 - Journal of the Philosophy of Sport 46 (1):98-107.
    ABSTRACTIn a recent article in this Journal, Eric Moore criticized an earlier essay of mine published in this same Journal on two fronts. On the first, he criticized my criticisms of broad internalism for relying on abstract moral principles too far removed from the practice of sport to adjudicate normative conflicts in which disputants cannot agree on what is the purpose of sport. On the second front, he criticized my reliance on what he called Rorty’s “controversial” views of truth (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  28.  3
    Metaphysics to Metafictions: Hegel, Nietzsche, and the End of Philosophy. [REVIEW]Eric V. D. Luft - 1999 - Review of Metaphysics 53 (2):463-464.
    Miklowitz’s central historical thesis is that Hegel’s “bold claims of metaphysics were burst into fragments under blows from Nietzsche’s hammer”. This thesis fails to account for the many profitable readings of Hegel as an epistemologist rather than a metaphysician. In Miklowitz’s reading, Hegel seems to fit the Schopenhauerian caricature of the pompous Schwabian concocting “grandiose... hubristic” pretensions to absolute knowledge “that would have made even Faust blush”.
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  29.  10
    Psychology of Religions and the Books That Made It Happen.Morgan John H. - 2011 - Journal for the Study of Religions and Ideologies 10 (30):277-298.
    On the centennial of the death of William James (1842-1910), I approached faculty members at eighteen major theological centers of learning requesting them to identify the twelve most important books in the field of the psychology of religion written between James' 1902 classic The Varieties of Religious Experience up to Peter Homan's 1970 Theology After Freud. The request was for each faculty member (by agreement to remain anonymous) to identify the twelve books during that time period (1902-1970) which, in their (...)
    Direct download (8 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  30. (Hammer@Ucla.Edu and Kellner@Ucla.Edu).Rhonda Hammer & Douglas Kellner - unknown
    John Hartley opens his short history of cultural studies by evoking a sense of the contested nature of the field in the contemporary moment and the intense debates about its objects, scope, methods, and goals: “Even within intellectual communities and academic institutions, there is little agreement about what counts as cultural studies, either as a critical practice or an institutional apparatus. On the contrary, the field is riven by fundamental disagreements about what cultural studies is for, in whose interests it (...)
    No categories
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  31.  68
    The Self-Ownership Proviso: A New and Improved Lockean Proviso*: Eric Makc.Eric Mack - 1995 - Social Philosophy and Policy 12 (1):186-218.
    In this essay I propose to explicate and defend a new and improved version of a Lockean proviso—the self-ownership proviso . I shall presume here that individuals possess robust rights of self-ownership. I shall take it that each individual has strong moral claims over the elements which constitute her person, e.g., her body parts, her talents, and her energies. However, in the course of the essay, I shall be challenging what I take to be the standard conception of self-ownership and (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   16 citations  
  32.  49
    Adorno and the Political.Espen Hammer - 2004 - Routledge.
    Theodor Adorno was one of the foremost radical thinkers of the Twentieth century. Critic of the Enlightenment, liberalism and modernity, he was the architect behind the famous Frankfurt School of Critical Theory and his work ranged over philosophy, social and cultural theory, art and music. In this lucid book, Espen Hammer critically considers and defends Adorno's most important contribution: his political thought and it contemporary relevance. Espen Hammer examines the background to Adorno's thought in the work of Kierkegaard, (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   14 citations  
  33. Spinoza on the Politics of Philosophical Understanding Susan James and Eric Schliesser Angels and Philosophers: With a New Interpretation of Spinoza's Common Notions.Eric Schliesser - 2011 - Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 111 (3pt3):497-518.
    In this paper I offer three main challenges to James (2011). All three turn on the nature of philosophy and secure knowledge in Spinoza. First, I criticize James's account of the epistemic role that experience plays in securing adequate ideas for Spinoza. In doing so I criticize her treatment of what is known as the ‘conatus doctrine’ in Spinoza in order to challenge her picture of the relationship between true religion and philosophy. Second, this leads me into a criticism of (...)
    Direct download (9 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  34. Morgan’s Canon, Meet Hume’s Dictum: Avoiding Anthropofabulation in Cross-Species Comparisons.Cameron Buckner - 2013 - Biology and Philosophy 28 (5):853-871.
    How should we determine the distribution of psychological traits—such as Theory of Mind, episodic memory, and metacognition—throughout the Animal kingdom? Researchers have long worried about the distorting effects of anthropomorphic bias on this comparative project. A purported corrective against this bias was offered as a cornerstone of comparative psychology by C. Lloyd Morgan in his famous “Canon”. Also dangerous, however, is a distinct bias that loads the deck against animal mentality: our tendency to tie the competence criteria for cognitive (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   25 citations  
  35. The Hammer of the Cartesians: Henry More's Philosophy of Spirit and the Origins of Modern Atheism.David Leech - 2013 - Peeters.
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   6 citations  
  36.  30
    Moral Individualism: Agent-Relativity and Deontic Restraints*: Eric Mack.Eric Mack - 1989 - Social Philosophy and Policy 7 (1):81-111.
    My goal in this essay is to say something helpful about the philosophical foundations of deontic restraints, i.e., moral restraints on actions that are, roughly speaking, grounded in the wrongful character of the actions themselves and not merely in the disvalue of their results. An account of deontic restraints will be formulated and offered against the backdrop of three related, but broader, contrasts or puzzles within moral theory. The plausibility of this account of deontic restraints rests in part on how (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   4 citations  
  37. Adorno's Modernism: Art, Experience, and Catastrophe.Espen Hammer - 2015 - Cambridge University Press.
    Theodor W. Adorno's aesthetics has dominated discussions about art and aesthetic modernism since World War II, and continues to inform contemporary theorizing. Situating Adorno's aesthetic theory in the context of post-Kantian European philosophy, Espen Hammer explores Adorno's critical view of art as engaged in reconsidering fundamental features of our relation to nature and reality. His book is structured around what Adorno regarded as the contemporary aesthetician's overarching task: to achieve a vision of the fate of art in the modern (...)
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  38. Eric Weil L'avenir de la Philosophie. Violence Et Langage. Huit Études Sur Eric Weil.Eric Weil & Jean Quillien - 1987
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  39.  44
    Self-Critical Federal Science? The Ethics Experiment Within the U.S. Human Genome Project: ERIC T. JUENGST.Eric T. Juengst - 1996 - Social Philosophy and Policy 13 (2):63-95.
    On October 1, 1988, thirty-five years after co-discovering the structure of the DNA molecule, Dr. James Watson launched an unprecedented experiment in American science policy. In response to a reporter's question at a press conference, he unilaterally set aside 3 to 5 percent of the budget of the newly launched Human Genome Project to support studies of the ethical, legal, and social implications of new advances in human genetics. The Human Genome Project, by providing geneticists with the molecular maps of (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   3 citations  
  40.  18
    John Henry Morgan.John Henry Morgan - 2010 - Journal for the Study of Religions and Ideologies 9 (27):175-202.
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  41. Why Do Women Leave Philosophy? Surveying Students at the Introductory Level.Morgan Thompson, Toni Adleberg, Sam Sims & Eddy Nahmias - 2016 - Philosophers' Imprint 16.
    Although recent research suggests that women are underrepresented in philosophy after initial philosophy courses, there have been relatively few empirical investigations into the factors that lead to this early drop-off in women’s representation. In this paper, we present the results of empirical investigations at a large American public university that explore various factors contributing to women’s underrepresentation in philosophy at the undergraduate level. We administered climate surveys to hundreds of students completing their Introduction to Philosophy course and examined differences in (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   14 citations  
  42.  43
    Eric Winsberg, Review of Wittgenstein, Finitism, and the Foundations of Mathematics by Mathieu Marion. [REVIEW]Eric Winsberg - 2000 - Philosophy of Science 67 (3):533-536.
  43.  19
    The Development of Category Learning Strategies: What Makes the Difference?Rubi Hammer, Gil Diesendruck, Daphna Weinshall & Shaul Hochstein - 2009 - Cognition 112 (1):105-119.
    No categories
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   9 citations  
  44.  17
    Freedom and Fatefulness.Dean Hammer - 2000 - Theory, Culture and Society 17 (2):83-104.
    This article reassesses Arendt's relationship to Augustine, exploring the Augustinian context for Arendt's own thinking about the relationship between thought and action. What Arendt drew from Augustine, the contours of which remain in her later work, is a journey of memory in which reflection, as it removes us from the world, paradoxically reveals us as inserted into this world. Out of this ontology of origins emerges an ethic of beginning as we recognize, in the moment of reflection, a bond of (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  45.  15
    Morgan's Canon, Garner's Phonograph, and the Evolutionary Origins of Language and Reason.Gregory Radick - 2000 - British Journal for the History of Science 33 (1):3-23.
    Morgan's canon’ is a rule for making inferences from animal behaviour about animal minds, proposed in 1892 by the Bristol geologist and zoologist C. Lloyd Morgan, and celebrated for promoting scepticism about the reasoning powers of animals. Here I offer a new account of the origins and early career of the canon. Built into the canon, I argue, is the doctrine of the Oxford philologist F. Max Müller that animals, lacking language, necessarily lack reason. Restoring the Müllerian origins (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   12 citations  
  46.  93
    Consciousness and Action: Does Cognitive Science Support (Mild) Epiphenomenalism?Morgan Wallhagen - 2007 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 58 (3):539-561.
    Questions about the function of consciousness have long been central to discussions of consciousness in philosophy and psychology. Intuitively, consciousness has an important role to play in the control of many everyday behaviors. However, this view has recently come under attack. In particular, it is becoming increasingly common for scientists and philosophers to argue that a significant body of data emerging from cognitive science shows that conscious states are not involved in the control of behavior. According to these theorists, nonconscious (...)
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   22 citations  
  47.  56
    Explanations of the Gender Gap in Philosophy.Morgan Thompson - 2017 - Philosophy Compass 12 (3):e12406.
    Recently, researchers have begun to empirically investigate the gender gap in philosophy and provide potential explanations for the underrepresentation of women in philosophy relative to their representation in other disciplines. This empirical research as well as research on the gender gap in Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics fields has shed light on a priori, armchair explanations of the gender gap. For example, implicit bias and stereotype threat may contribute much less to the philosophy gender gap than previously thought. However, new (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   6 citations  
  48.  74
    Emergent Evolution.C. Lloyd Morgan - 1923 - Williams & Norgate.
    EMERGENT EVOLUTION- THE GIFFORD LECTURES DELIVERED IN THE UNIVERSITY OF ST.
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   71 citations  
  49.  20
    Levinas's Ethical Politics.Michael L. Morgan - 2016 - Indiana University Press.
    Emmanuel Levinas conceives of our lives as fundamentally interpersonal and ethical, claiming that our responsibilities to one another should shape all of our actions. While many scholars believe that Levinas failed to develop a robust view of political ethics, Michael L. Morgan argues against understandings of Levinas’s thought that find him politically wanting or even antipolitical. Morgan examines Levinas’s ethical critique of the political as well as his Jewish writings—including those on Zionism and the founding of the Jewish (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  50. Representations Gone Mental.Alex Morgan - 2014 - Synthese 191 (2):213-244.
    Many philosophers and psychologists have attempted to elucidate the nature of mental representation by appealing to notions like isomorphism or abstract structural resemblance. The ‘structural representations’ that these theorists champion are said to count as representations by virtue of functioning as internal models of distal systems. In his 2007 book, Representation Reconsidered, William Ramsey endorses the structural conception of mental representation, but uses it to develop a novel argument against representationalism, the widespread view that cognition essentially involves the manipulation of (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   21 citations  
1 — 50 / 1000