Results for 'Eric Thomson'

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  1.  51
    Eric Gill and Sexual Morality.Fred Black & David Thomson - 1984 - The Chesterton Review 10 (1):42-48.
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  2.  82
    Neural Representations Observed.Eric Thomson & Gualtiero Piccinini - 2018 - Minds and Machines 28 (1):191-235.
    The historical debate on representation in cognitive science and neuroscience construes representations as theoretical posits and discusses the degree to which we have reason to posit them. We reject the premise of that debate. We argue that experimental neuroscientists routinely observe and manipulate neural representations in their laboratory. Therefore, neural representations are as real as neurons, action potentials, or any other well-established entities in our ontology.
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  3.  22
    The Ethical, Legal, and Social Implications Research Program at the National Human Genome Research Institute.Elizabeth J. Thomson, Joy T. Boyer & Eric M. Meslin - 1997 - Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 7 (3):291-298.
  4.  62
    On the Axiomatics of Resource Allocation: Interpreting the Consistency Principle: William Thomson.William Thomson - 2012 - Economics and Philosophy 28 (3):385-421.
    An allocation rule is ‘consistent’ if the recommendation it makes for each problem ‘agrees’ with the recommendation it makes for each associated reduced problem, obtained by imagining some agents leaving with their assignments. Some authors have described the consistency principle as a ‘fairness principle’. Others have written that it is not about fairness, that it should be seen as an ‘operational principle’. We dispute the particular fairness interpretations that have been offered for consistency, but develop a different and important fairness (...)
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  5.  19
    Thomson Against Moral ExplanationsMoral Relativism and Moral Objectivity.Nicholas L. Sturgeon, Gilbert Harman & Judith Jarvis Thomson - 1998 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 58 (1):199.
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  6.  19
    The Oresteia of Aeschylus. Vol. I: Introduction, Text, Translation. Vol. II: Commentary, Metrical Appendix, Supplement, Index. By George Thomson. Pp. 353 and 404. Cambridge: University Press. 25s. Each Vol. [REVIEW]H. D. F. Kitto & George Thomson - 1940 - Journal of Hellenic Studies 60:110-112.
  7.  15
    Studies in Ancient Greek Society: The Prehistoric Aegean. By George Thomson. Pp. 622; 85 Text Figs. And 12 Maps. London: Lawrence and Wishart, 1949. 42s. [REVIEW]W. F. J. Knight & George Thomson - 1952 - Journal of Hellenic Studies 72 (2):138-139.
  8.  14
    Review of Professor Thomson's Oresteia. [REVIEW]George Thomson - 1941 - Journal of Hellenic Studies 61:40-40.
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  9.  7
    Thomson Ἡ Ἑλληνικὴ Γλῶσσα, Ἀρχαΐα Καὶ Νέα. Athens: Athens Publishing Institute. 1964. Pp. 123. Price Not Stated.Hector Thomson - 1966 - Journal of Hellenic Studies 86:212-213.
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  10.  11
    History of Ancient Geography. By J. O. Thomson. Pp. 427; Pl. 2 + 66 Text Figs. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1948. 42s. [REVIEW]A. W. Gomme & J. O. Thomson - 1951 - Journal of Hellenic Studies 71:261-262.
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  11. Problems of Sex, by J.A. Thomson and P. Geddes.John Arthur Thomson & Patrick Geddes - 1912
     
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  12. The Light of Truth and Beauty the Lectures of Alexander 'Greek' Thomson, Architect, 1817-1875.Alexander Thomson, Gavin Stamp & Alexander Thomson Society - 1999
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  13.  15
    R. M. Thomson, A Descriptive Catalogue of the Medieval Manuscripts in the Library of Peterhouse College, Cambridge. Cambridge, UK: D. S. Brewer for Peterhouse College, Cambridge, 2016. Pp. Xli, 230; Many Color and 3 Black-and-White Plates. $165. ISBN: 978-1-84384-441-9. [REVIEW]Eric J. Johnson - 2018 - Speculum 93 (2):586-588.
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  14.  11
    Sighting RightsThe Realm of Rights. Judith Thomson.Eric Mack - 1993 - Ethics 103 (4):779-791.
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  15.  32
    Ectogenesis and the Case Against the Right to the Death of the Foetus.Bruce P. Blackshaw & Daniel Rodger - 2019 - Bioethics 33 (1):76-81.
    Ectogenesis, or the use of an artificial womb to allow a foetus to develop, will likely become a reality within a few decades, and could significantly affect the abortion debate. We first examine the implications for Judith Jarvis Thomson’s violinist analogy, which argues for a woman’s right to withdraw life support from the foetus and so terminate her pregnancy, even if the foetus is granted full moral status. We show that on Thomson’s reasoning, there is no right to (...)
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  16. Defusing Thomson's Violinist Analogy.Mathew Lu - 2013 - Human Life Review 39 (1):46-62.
    In this paper I take a critical look at Judith Jarvis Thomson famous violinist analogy for abortion. I argue that while the violinist example does show that a right to life does not entail a right to be given the means of life, the violinist cast is relevantly different from the pregnancy case. I also argue that Thomson's positive argument in favor of the permissibility of abortion fails because it is based on a false conception of bodily self-ownsership. (...)
     
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  17.  14
    The Racism of Eric Voegelin.Wulf D. Hund - 2019 - Journal of World Philosophies 4 (1):1-22.
    As a young scholar, Eric Voegelin wanted to prove whether the ‘race idea’ could function as a means of political integration. He published two books on race that, after his flight to the USA, were eventually passed off as an early critique of racism. This is a complete misinterpretation and inversion of his endeavor. In his tracts, Voegelin only criticized a certain direction of race thinking that he identified as a materialistic biological approach to the problem. At the same (...)
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  18.  56
    Virtual Reality Translation of Judith Thomson's Violinist Analogy.Erick Ramirez, Miles Elliott, Scott LaBarge & Carl Maggio - manuscript
    A virtual reality translation of Judith Thomson's Violinist Analogy. These modules are free to download and use in the classroom and for research/x-phi purposes. -/- *Requires an Oculus Rift or HTC Vive and VR capable computer. To open the files, uncompress the downloaded .zip folder and run the executable (.exe) file.
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  19.  28
    Gnosticismo e modernidade no pensamento de Eric Voegelin. [REVIEW]Adelaide de Faria Pimenta - 2018 - Horizonte - Revista de Estudos de Teologia E Ciências da Religião 16 (50):938-940.
    A proposta deste estudo é abordar de forma teórica o pensamento do filósofo e cientista político, germano-americano, Eric Voegelin, buscando compreender a relação que promove entre o gnosticismo e a modernidade, tendo como foco sua afirmação de que o gnosticismo é o fundamento da modernidade. Para esta pesquisa, são utilizados como base teórica fundamental dois conceitos de sua teoria: religiões políticas e gnosticismo. Divide-se o trabalho em uma introdução ao tema e três capítulos, seguidos da conclusão. Na introdução, se (...)
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  20.  12
    Rationalism in Eric Voegelin.Daniel Sportiello - 2018 - In Eugene Callahan & Lee Trepanier (eds.), Tradition v. Rationalism: Voegelin, Oakeshott, MacIntyre, Polanyi, Hayek, and Others. Lanham: Lexington Books. pp. 51–61.
    In his New Science of Politics, Eric Voegelin offers an analysis of modernity: at its heart, it is a radicalization of Christianity—a radicalization that counts as a betrayal. Like other movements of its time, Christianity judged this world in terms of another—one wherein all of us were brothers and sisters, wherein justice mattered more than victory and mercy more than justice. But rather than endure in patience their own limitations, those whom Voegelin calls “gnostics” tried to build heaven on (...)
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  21. A New Science of Politics? Hans Kelsens Reply to Eric Voegelin’s "New Science of Politics".Hans Kelsen - 2004 - Ontos Verlag.
    Hans Kelsen's thorough critique of Eric Voegelin's "New Science of Politcs" is - in my oppinion - the best commentary on Voegelin that has been written so far.
     
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  22.  49
    A questão do sentido em Kant segundo Eric Weil.Evanildo Costeski - 2009 - Trans/Form/Ação 32 (2):91-99.
    Este artigo quer mostrar que Kant descobriu, segundo Eric Weil, o problema do sentido. Entretanto, Eric Weil observa que Kant não encontrou uma linguagem apropriada para falar do sentido. A linguagem de Kant era ainda uma linguagem ontológica. Malgrado isso, Kant conseguiu fechar, na terceira Crítica, o abismo que separava natureza e liberdade.
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  23.  35
    Eric Gans’s Thinking on Origin, Culture, and the Jewish Question Vis-À-Vis Hermann Cohen’s Heritage.Roman Katsman - 2015 - Journal of Jewish Thought and Philosophy 23 (2):236-255.
    _ Source: _Volume 23, Issue 2, pp 236 - 255 In this article I compare some elements of Eric Gans’s thought with a few aspects of the philosophy of Hermann Cohen—first and foremost, Gans’s concept of the origin and Cohen’s concept of Ursprung—while revealing the deep affinity between these two lines of thinking.
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  24.  88
    Religiöses Bewusstsein und Politische Ordnung - Eine Kritik von Eric Voegelins Bewusstseinsphilosophie.Eckhart Arnold - 2007 - Grin Verlag.
    Eric Voegelin believed that a morally acceptable and in the long run successful political order (which meant for the emigrant Voegelin primarily an order that is resistant to totalitarianism) can only be built on the foundation of a healthy religiosity of the citizens and the political leaders. The question of what a healthy religiosity is was examined by Voegelin by recurring to intellectual history and to the philosophy of consciousness. In my book I offer a detailed criticism Voegelin's philosophy (...)
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  25. Faith and Political Philosophy: The Correspondence Between Leo Strauss and Eric Voegelin, 1934-1964.Peter Emberley & Barry Cooper (eds.) - 1993 - Pennsylvania State University Press.
    Leo Strauss and Eric Voegelin were political theorists of the first rank whose impact on the study of political science in North America has been profound. A study of their writings is one of the most expeditious ways to explore the core of political science; comparing and contrasting the positions both theorists have taken in assessing that core provides a comprehensive appreciation of the main options of the Western tradition. In fifty-three recently discovered letters, Strauss and Voegelin explore the (...)
     
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  26. The Balance of Consciousness: Eric Voegelin's Political Theory.Kenneth Keulman - 1990 - Pennsylvania State University Press.
    Consciousness is at once the most obvious and mysterious feature of the human mind. Kenneth Keulman seeks a better understanding of its many dimensions through interpretations of the ideas of the twentieth-century philosopher Eric Voegelin, who viewed the complexity of modern consciousness as the result of a distinctive form of evolution combining genetic change with cultural history. Voegelin's unique contribution to political theory, Keulman shows, comes from his development of an approach to history rooted in a study of the (...)
     
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  27. Eric Weil L'avenir de la Philosophie. Violence Et Langage. Huit Études Sur Eric Weil.Eric Weil & Jean Quillien - 1987
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  28. तत्त्वज्ञानातील जागल्या... Eric Schwitzgebel : The Whistle Blower in Philosophy.Shriniwas Hemade - 2015 - Daily Loksatta:page 6.
    फेसबुक आणि ब्लॉगच्या जमान्यात तत्त्वज्ञानाची चर्चा केवळ पुस्तकांपुरती किंवा विद्यापीठीय चर्चासत्रांपुरती मर्यादित राहू नये, असे मानणारा एक चळवळय़ा प्राध्यापक, पुस्तकांच्या मानीव वर्चस्वामुळे तत्त्वज्ञान क्षेत्राचे काय नुकसान झाले, याबद्दलही बोलतो आहे आणि ही चर्चा पुस्तकांच्या बाहेरही झाली पाहिजे.. ती लोकाभिमुख झाली पाहिजे, असे सांगतो आहे..
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  29.  36
    O Pensamento Político de Éric Weil.Mauro Cardoso Simões - 2010 - Enfoques 22 (2):79-84.
    My purpose is to analyze the peculiar thinking of Weil, according to the categories of reasoning, as a choice to avoid violence. In his definition of man, Weil recovers the notion of realization, with which man is redefined in terms of what he must be and not merely for what he is. There-to, man is ..
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  30.  18
    Du concept de travail vers celui d'énergie : L'apport de Thomson.Muriel Guedj - 2006 - Revue d'Histoire des Sciences 1 (1):29-50.
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  31. Beerbohm’s Ethics of Democracy. Review Of: Beerbohm, Eric, In Our Name. The Ethics of Democracy. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2012. [REVIEW]Corrado Morricone - 2016 - Plurilogue. Politics and Philosophy Reviews 6:3-4.
  32. Philosophie et violence. Sens et intention de la philosophie d'Eric Weil.M. Perine & J. Buée - 1993 - Paris: Beauchesne.
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  33.  5
    Transcendence, Consciousness and Order: Towards a Philosophical Spirituality of Organization in the Footsteps of Plato and Eric Voegelin.Tuomo Peltonen - 2019 - Philosophy of Management 18 (3):231-247.
    There is an evident lack of rigorous frameworks for making sense of the role and status of spirituality and religion in organizations and organizing, in particular from the perspective of spiritual philosophies of the social. This paper suggests that the philosophy of Plato and his modern follower, political theorist Eric Voegelin could offer a viable perspective for understanding organizational spirituality in its metaphysical, political and ethical contexts. Essential for such a philosophical reflection is the postulation of the transcendental realm (...)
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  34. Perplexities of Consciousness, by Eric Schwitzgebel. [REVIEW]Sebastian Watzl & Wayne Wu - 2012 - Mind 121 (482):524-529.
  35. Eric Winsberg y la epistemología de las simulaciones computacionales.Juan M. Durán - 2017 - Argumentos de Razón Técnica 20:xx-yy.
    En este trabajo presento un estudio sobre el estado del arte de la llamada ‘epistemología de las simulaciones computacionales’. En particular, me centro en los varios trabajos de Eric Winsberg quién es uno de los filósofos más fructíferos y sistemáticos en este tema. Además de analizar la obra de Winsberg, y basándome en sus trabajos y en el de otros filósofos, mostraré que hay buenas razones para pensar que la epistemología tradicional de la ciencia no es suficiente para el (...)
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  36. Thomson's Turnabout on the Trolley.William J. FitzPatrick - 2009 - Analysis 69 (4):636-643.
    The famous ‘trolley problem’ began as a simple variation on an example given in passing by Philippa Foot , involving a runaway trolley that cannot be stopped but can be steered to a path of lesser harm. By switching from the perspective of the driver to that of a bystander, Judith Jarvis Thomson showed how the case raises difficulties for the normative theory Foot meant to be defending, and Thomson compounded the challenge with further variations that created still (...)
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  37. Thomson and the Semantic Argument Against Consequentialism.David Phillips - 2003 - Journal of Philosophy 100 (9):475-486.
    I argue that Judith Jarvis Thomson's attack on consequentialism, premised on the semantic claim that all goodness is goodness-in-a-way, is less powerful and less precisely targeted than she supposes. For we can develop an argument against pure obligation or categorical imperatives that is largely parallel to Thomson's argument against pure goodness. The right response to both arguments is that the existence of pure goodness or pure obligation is neither semantically rule out nor semantically guaranteed.
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  38.  26
    Showing Our Seams: A Reply to Eric Funkhouser.Neil Levy - 2018 - Philosophical Psychology 31 (7):991-1006.
    ABSTRACTIn a recent paper published in this journal, Eric Funkhouser argues that some of our beliefs have the primary function of signaling to others, rather than allowing us to navigate the world. Funkhouser’s case is persuasive. However, his account of beliefs as signals is underinclusive, omitting both beliefs that are signals to the self and less than full-fledged beliefs as signals. The latter set of beliefs, moreover, has a better claim to being considered as constituting a psychological kind in (...)
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  39.  55
    The Self-Ownership Proviso: A New and Improved Lockean Proviso*: Eric Makc.Eric Mack - 1995 - Social Philosophy and Policy 12 (1):186-218.
    In this essay I propose to explicate and defend a new and improved version of a Lockean proviso—the self-ownership proviso . I shall presume here that individuals possess robust rights of self-ownership. I shall take it that each individual has strong moral claims over the elements which constitute her person, e.g., her body parts, her talents, and her energies. However, in the course of the essay, I shall be challenging what I take to be the standard conception of self-ownership and (...)
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  40. The Absolute and its Measurement; William Thomson on Temperature.Hasok Chang & Sang Wook Yi - 2004 - Annals of Science 62 (3):281-308.
    In this paper we give a full account of the work of William Thomson on absolute temperature, which to this day provides the theoretical underpinnings for the most rigorous measurements of temperature. When Thomson fashioned his concepts of ‘absolute’ temperature, his main concern was to make the definition of temperature independent of the properties of particular thermometric substances . He tried out a succession of definitions based on the thermodynamics of ideal heat engines; most notably, in 1854 he (...)
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  41. Thomson's Lamp is Dysfunctional.William I. McLaughlin - 1998 - Synthese 116 (3):281-301.
    James Thomson envisaged a lamp which would be turned on for 1 minute, off for 1/2 minute, on for 1/4 minute, etc. ad infinitum. He asked whether the lamp would be on or off at the end of 2 minutes. Use of “internal set theory” (a version of nonstandard analysis), developed by Edward Nelson, shows Thomson's lamp is chimerical; its copy within set theory yields a contradiction. The demonstration extends to placing restrictions on other “infinite tasks” such as (...)
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  42. Does Judith Jarvis Thomson Really Grant the Pro-Life View of Fetal Personhood in Her Defense of Abortion?: A Rawlsian Assessment.Francis J. Beckwith - 2014 - International Philosophical Quarterly 54 (4):443-451.
    In her ground-breaking 1971 article, “A Defense of Abortion,” Judith Jarvis Thomson argues that even if one grants to the prolifer her most important premise—that the fetus is a person—the prolifer’s conclusion, the intrinsic wrongness of abortion, does not follow. However, in her 1995 article, “Abortion: Whose Right?,” Thomson employs Rawlsian liberalism to argue that even though the prolifer’s view of fetal personhood is not unreasonable, the prochoice advocate is not unreasonable in rejecting it. Thus, because we should (...)
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  43.  32
    Reply to Eric Schliesser.Olberding Amy - 2017 - Philosophy East and West 67 (4):1044-1048.
    I am grateful to Eric Schliesser for his gracious response, and to Philosophy East and West and Roger Ames for hosting this discussion. The challenges currently facing the profession regarding exclusionary practices are many, and Schliesser's work at both NewAPPS and his newer blog, Digressions&Impressions, is sensitive both to how many and how complex these challenges are. Schliesser is correct that my discussion of the profession's conversational patterns is both a bit ungenerous and more than a little ambitious, asking (...)
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  44.  19
    A New Philosophy of Science From the History of Arcane Natural Science: Eric Scerri's: A Tale of Seven Scientists and a New Philosophy of Science. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2016. [REVIEW]K. Brad Wray - 2017 - Foundations of Chemistry 19 (3):281-285.
    This is a book review of Eric Scerri's book, A Tale of Seven Scientists.
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  45.  86
    Agents, Impartiality, and the Priority of Claims Over Duties: Diagnosing Why Thomson Still Gets the Trolley Problem Wrong by Appeal to the “Mechanics of Claims”. [REVIEW]Alec Walen & David Wasserman - 2012 - Journal of Moral Philosophy 9 (4):545-571.
    Judith Jarvis Thomson recently argued that it is impermissible for a bystander to turn a runaway trolley from five onto one. But she also argues that a trolley driver is required to do just that. We believe that her argument is flawed in three important ways. She fails to give proper weight to (a) an agent¹s claims not to be required to act in ways he does not want to, (b) impartiality in the weighing of competing patient-claims, and (c) (...)
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  46.  10
    Julian Trevelyan, Walter Maclay and Eric Guttmann: Drawing the Boundary Between Psychiatry and Art at the Maudsley Hospital.Eilís Kempley - 2019 - British Journal for the History of Science 52 (4):617-643.
    In 1938, doctors Eric Guttmann and Walter Maclay, two psychiatrists based at the Maudsley Hospital in London, administered the hallucinogenic drug mescaline to a group of artists, asking the participants to record their experiences visually. These artists included the painter Julian Trevelyan, who was associated with the British surrealist movement at this time. Published as ‘Mescaline hallucinations in artists’, the research took place at a crucial time for psychiatry, as the discipline was beginning to edge its way into the (...)
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  47. The Ontic and the Ontological in Heidegger's Philosophy of Technology: Response to Thomson.Andrew Feenberg - 2000 - Inquiry: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Philosophy 43 (4):445 – 450.
    Iain Thomson's critique is persuasive on several points but not on the major issue, the relation of the ontological to the ontic in Heidegger's philosophy of technology. This reply attempts to show that these two dimensions of Heidegger's theory are closely related, at least in the technological domain, and not separate, as Thomson affirms. It is argued that Heidegger's evaluations of particular technologies, the flaws of which Thomson concedes, proceed from a flawed ontological conception.
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  48.  42
    Incarceration, Restitution, and Lifetime Debarment: Legal Consequences of Scientific Misconduct in the Eric Poehlman Case: Commentary On: “Scientific Forensics: How the Office of Research Integrity Can Assist Institutional Investigations of Research Misconduct During Oversight Review”.Samuel J. Tilden - 2010 - Science and Engineering Ethics 16 (4):737-741.
    Following its determination of a finding of scientific misconduct the Office of Research Integrity (ORI) will seek redress for any injury sustained. Several remedies both administrative and statutory may be available depending on the strength of the evidentiary findings of the misconduct investigation. Pursuant to federal regulations administrative remedies are primarily remedial in nature and designed to protect the integrity of the affected research program, whereas statutory remedies including civil fines and criminal penalties are designed to deter and punish wrongdoers. (...)
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  49.  97
    Spinoza on the Politics of PhilosophicalUnderstanding Susan James and Eric Schliesser Angels and Philosophers: With a New Interpretation of Spinoza's Common Notions.Eric Schliesser - 2011 - Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 111 (3pt3):497-518.
    In this paper I offer three main challenges to James (2011). All three turn on the nature of philosophy and secure knowledge in Spinoza. First, I criticize James's account of the epistemic role that experience plays in securing adequate ideas for Spinoza. In doing so I criticize her treatment of what is known as the ‘conatus doctrine’ in Spinoza in order to challenge her picture of the relationship between true religion and philosophy. Second, this leads me into a criticism of (...)
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  50.  25
    Why Two Arguments From Probability Fail and One Argument From Thomson's Analogy of the Violinist Succeeds in Justifying Embryo Destruction in Some Situations.J. Deckers - 2007 - Journal of Medical Ethics 33 (3):160-164.
    The scope of embryo research in the UK has been expanded by the Human Fertilisation and Embryology Regulations 2001. Two advisory bodies—the Chief Medical Officer’s Expert Group and the House of Lords’ Select Committee—presented various arguments in favour of embryo research. One of these is the view that, just as lottery tickets have relatively little value before the draw because of the low probability of their being the winning ticket, early embryos have relatively little value because of the presumed low (...)
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