Results for 'Erica Lucas'

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  1.  34
    Think-Aloud Protocols and the Selection Task: Evidence for Relevance Effects and Rationalisation Processes.Erica Lucas & Linden Ball - 2005 - Thinking and Reasoning 11 (1):35 – 66.
    Two experiments are reported that employed think-aloud methods to test predictions concerning relevance effects and rationalisation processes derivable from Evans' (1996) heuristic-analytic theory of the selection task. Evans' account proposes that card selections are triggered by relevance-determining heuristics, with analytic processing serving merely to rationalise heuristically cued decisions. As such, selected cards should be associated with more references to both their facing and their hidden sides than rejected cards, which are not subjected to analytic rationalisation. Experiment 1 used a standard (...)
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  2. Lucas Against Mechanism: A Rejoinder.John Lucas - 2003 - Etica E Politica 5 (1):1.
    Coder’s argument is very similar to Lewis’ one: he maintains that some human beings are not able to follow Gödel’s theorem, so Lucas’ argument cannot show that their minds are not machines. The answer of Lucas is that one proposed against Lewis’ criticism, that is that Mechanism makes a universal claim and so a single counter-example – a single mind producing a singe truth not recognizable by any machine – is a disproof for it.
     
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  3.  28
    Towards a Theory of Taxation*: J. R. LUCAS.J. R. Lucas - 1984 - Social Philosophy and Policy 2 (1):161-173.
    “Towards a Theory of Taxation” is a proper theme for an Englishman to take when giving a paper in America. After all it was from the absence of such a theory that the United States derived its existence. The Colonists felt strongly that there should be no taxation without representation, and George III was unable to explain to them convincingly why they should contribute to the cost of their defense. Since that time, understanding has not advanced much. In Britain we (...)
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  4.  33
    ‘Because You Are a Woman’: J. R. Lucas.J. R. Lucas - 1973 - Philosophy 48 (184):161-171.
    Plato was the first feminist. In the Republic he puts forward the view that women are just the same as men, only not quite so good. It is a view which has often been expressed in recent years, and generates strong passions. Some of these have deep biological origins, which a philosopher can only hope to recognize and not to assuage. But much of the heat engendered is due to unnecessary friction between views which are certainly compatible and probably correct. (...)
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  5.  20
    Against Equality Again: J. R. Lucas.J. R. Lucas - 1977 - Philosophy 52 (201):255-280.
    Equality in the present age has become an idol, in much the same way as property was in the age of Locke. Many people worship it, and think that it provides the key to the proper understanding of politics, and that on it alone can a genuinely just society be reconstructed. This is a mistake. Although, like property, it is a useful concept, and although, like property, there are occasions when we want to have it in practice, it is not (...)
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  6.  37
    Logical Constructivism, Modal Logic, and Metaphysics: A Reply to Professor Pruss' ``Professor Lucas' Second Epistemic Way''. [REVIEW]Billy Joe Lucas - 2002 - International Journal for Philosophy of Religion 52 (3):143-157.
  7.  24
    Lucas, Godel and Astaire: A Rejoinder.J. R. Lucas - 1984 - Philosophical Quarterly 34 (137):507-508.
  8.  28
    Lucas Against Mechanism II: A Rejoinder.John R. Lucas - 1984 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy 14 (June):189-91.
  9.  12
    II–J.R. Lucas.J. R. Lucas - 1998 - Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume 72 (1):45-56.
  10.  13
    A Mind of One's Own: J. R. Lucas.J. R. Lucas - 1993 - Philosophy 68 (266):457-471.
    Whatever good or ill it did to Guy Fawkes, his resuscitation at the hands of Bernard Williams has, by any utilitarian reckoning, been a Good Thing. A casual glance at the literature that has accumulated over the past thirty-five years leaves no doubt that the topic has been reduplicated many times over, to the great enjoyment of undergraduates, who have been able to write science fiction under the guise of essays in the Philosophy of Mind, and of dons, who in (...)
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  11.  8
    Lucas Against Mechanism II: A Rejoinder.J. R. Lucas - 1984 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy 14 (2):189-191.
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  12.  27
    The Second Epistemic Way Revisited: Reply to Professor Beard's, 'Professor Lucas on Omniscience'. [REVIEW]Billy Joe Lucas - 1997 - International Journal for Philosophy of Religion 42 (3):143-162.
  13.  21
    Transcendental Tense: J.R. Lucas.J. R. Lucas - 1998 - Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume 72 (1):45–56.
  14.  7
    Greek Poetry for Everyman. By F. L. Lucas. Pp. Xxxiv + 414. London: Dent. 16s.M. L. Clarke & F. L. Lucas - 1952 - Journal of Hellenic Studies 72:126-126.
  15.  3
    Transcendental Tense: J.R. Lucas.J. Lucas - 1998 - Supplement to the Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 72 (1):45-56.
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  16.  5
    Greek Drama for Everyman. By F. L. Lucas. Pp. Xvi + 454. London: Dent, 1954. 21s.P. G. Mason & F. L. Lucas - 1955 - Journal of Hellenic Studies 75:162-163.
  17. An Enquiry After Happiness, by the Author of Practical Christianity. By R. Lucas.Richard Lucas - 1717
     
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  18. Humane Life: Or, a Second Part of the Enquiry After Happiness, by the Author of Practical Christianity. By R. Lucas.Richard Lucas - 1717
     
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  19. Religious Perfection: Or, a 3rd Part of the Enquiry After Happiness, by the Author of Practical Christianity. By R. Lucas.Richard Lucas - 1717
     
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  20.  45
    Minds, Machines and Gödel.John Lucas - 2003 - Etica E Politica 5 (1):1.
    In this article, Lucas maintains the falseness of Mechanism - the attempt to explain minds as machines - by means of Incompleteness Theorem of Gödel. Gödel’s theorem shows that in any system consistent and adequate for simple arithmetic there are formulae which cannot be proved in the system but that human minds can recognize as true; Lucas points out in his turn that Gödel’s theorem applies to machines because a machine is the concrete instantiation of a formal system: (...)
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  21. Responsibility.J. R. Lucas - 1995 - Clarendon Press.
    Responsibility is a key concept in our moral, social, and political thinking, but it is not itself properly understood. J.R. Lucas here presents a lively, broad, and accessible discussion of responsibility in various areas of human life, from personal and sexual relations to politics.
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  22. The Gödelian Argument: Turn Over the Page.John Lucas - 2003 - Etica E Politica 5 (1):1.
    In this paper Lucas suggests that many of his critics have not read carefully neither his exposition nor Penrose’s one, so they seek to refute arguments they never proposed. Therefore he offers a brief history of the Gödelian argument put forward by Gödel, Penrose and Lucas itself: Gödel argued indeed that either mathematics is incompletable – that is axioms can never be comprised in a finite rule and so human mind surpasses the power of any finite machine – (...)
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  23.  27
    The Conceptual Roots of Mathematics: An Essay on the Philosophy of Mathematics.J. R. Lucas - 2000 - Routledge.
    The Conceptual Roots of Mathematics is a comprehensive study of the foundation of mathematics. Lucas, one of the most distinguished Oxford scholars, covers a vast amount of ground in the philosophy of mathematics, showing us that it is actually at the heart of the study of epistemology and metaphysics.
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  24. Minds, Machines, and Gödel: A Retrospect.J. R. Lucas - 1996 - In P. J. R. Millican & A. Clark (eds.), Etica E Politica. Clarendon Press. pp. 1.
    In this paper Lucas comes back to Gödelian argument against Mecanism to clarify some points. First of all, he explains his use of Gödel’s theorem instead of Turing’s theorem, showing how Gödel’ theorem, but not Turing’s theorem, raises questions concerning truth and reasoning that bear on the nature of mind and how Turing’s theorem suggests that there is something that cannot be done by any computers but not that it can be done by human minds. He considers moreover how (...)
     
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  25. The Implications of Gödel Theorem.J. Lucas - 2003 - Etica E Politica 5 (1):1.
    After a brief and informal explanation of the Gödel’s theorem as a version of the Epimenides’ paradox applied to Elementary Number Theory formulated in first-order logic, Lucas shows some of the most relevant consequences of this theorem, such as the impossibility to define truth in terms of provability and so the failure of Verificationist and Intuitionist arguments. He shows moreover how Gödel’s theorem proves that first-order arithmetic admits non-standard models, that Hilbert’s programme is untenable and that second-order logic is (...)
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  26.  57
    .J. R. Lucas - unknown
    There was once a leak from Hebdomadal Council. The Assessor told her husband, who told my wife, who told me that Monday afternoon had been spent discussing what Lucas would say if various courses of action were adopted, leading to the conclusion that it would be best to do nothing. I was flattered, but a bit surprised. The tide of philosophical scepticism had ebbed, and it was generally allowed that a reasonable way of discovering what someone would say was (...)
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  27.  3
    Moving a Seminary: A Personal Recollection Part 1: The Manly Story.Brian Lucas - 2019 - The Australasian Catholic Record 96 (2):190.
    Lucas, Brian A future biographer of Cardinal Edward Clancy, Archbishop of Sydney from 1983 to 2001, will no doubt give some attention to his major property developments. These included the complete rebuilding of the school and presbytery at St Mary's Cathedral, restoration works at, and the completion of, the cathedral with the southern spires, and the renovation and redevelopment of the parish site at St Patrick's, Church Hill.
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  28. Transcendental Tense.D. H. Mellor & J. R. Lucas - 1998 - Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society, Supplementary Volumes( 72:29-56.
    [D. H. Mellor] Kant's claim that our knowledge of time is transcendental in his sense, while false of time itself, is true of tenses, i.e. of the locations of events and other temporal entities in McTaggart's A series. This fact can easily, and I think only, be explained by taking time itself to be real but tenseless. /// [J. R. Lucas] Mellor's argument from Kant fails. The difficulties in his first Antinomy are due to topological confusions, not the tensed (...)
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  29.  8
    Forming Young People for Mission in the Contemporary Church: Some Lessons From Cardinal Cardijn.Brian Lucas - 2018 - The Australasian Catholic Record 95 (2):190.
    Lucas, Brian This article will consider some of the issues relating to engagement by young people with Catholic Church structures. Within that context, and within the context of a contemporary theology of mission, it will examine the contribution that Cardinal Cardijn's 'see, judge, act' methodology offers to formation of young people for mission. In particular, it will outline some of the ways in which Catholic Mission in Australia has engaged with young people, including the immersion program for senior students. (...)
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  30.  38
    Pope Benedict XVI and the Sexual Abuse Crisis - Working for Reform and Renewal [Book Review].Brian Lucas - 2011 - The Australasian Catholic Record 88 (3):381.
    Lucas, Brian Review(s) of: Pope benedict XVI and the sexual abuse crisis - working for reform and renewal, Gregory Erlandson and Matthew Bunson, (Huntington, Indiana: Our Sunday Visitor Publishing Division, 2010), pb, pp.207.
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  31.  37
    Religious Confession Privilege and the Common Law [Book Review].Brian Lucas - 2013 - The Australasian Catholic Record 90 (1):113.
    Lucas, Brian Review(s) of: Religious confession privilege and the common law, by Keith Thompson (Leiden: Matinus Nijhoff Publishers, 2011), pp.395, E135.00.
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  32. A Simple Exposition Of Gödel's Theorem.John Lucas - 2003 - Etica E Politica 5 (1):1.
    Lucas introduces this paper by an account of how he began to be interested to questions about Materialism and Mechanism. Then he suggests a simple version of the Incompleteness theorem of Gödel, showing how this theorem proposes a version of the Epimenides’ paradox able to avoid the circularity of this paradox by means of the possibility to express meta-mathematics in terms of arithmetical propositions and by substituting questions concerning truth by questions concerning provability.
     
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  33.  34
    The Episcopal Conference in the Communications Marketplace: Issues and Challenges for Catholic Identity and Ecclesiology.Brian Lucas - 2012 - The Australasian Catholic Record 89 (4):408.
    Lucas, Brian This article deals with the role of the Episcopal Conference in the area of social communications and the tensions that arise with respect to the respective roles of the diocesan bishop and the Episcopal Conference, including lay heads of ecclesial agencies, in presenting 'the face of the Church' in the public forum. The article is divided into two sections: i)The Church as 'visible institution' and the ecclesiological and juridical foundations for identifying those who represent it in the (...)
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  34.  53
    The Huxley-Wilberforce Debate Revisited.J. R. Lucas - manuscript
    According to the legend, Bishop Wilberforce at a meeting of the British Association for the Advancement of Science in Oxford on Saturday, June 30th, 1860, turned to Thomas Huxley, and asked him ``Is it on your grandfather's or your grandmother's side that you claim descent from a monkey''; whereupon Huxley delivered a devastating rebuke, thereby establishing the primacy of scientific truth over ecclesiastical obscurantism. Although the legend is historically untrue in almost every detail, its persistence suggests that it may nonetheless (...)
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  35.  19
    Soldier of Christ: The Life of Pope Pius XII [Book Review].Brian Lucas - 2015 - The Australasian Catholic Record 92 (4):503.
    Lucas, Brian Review of: Soldier of Christ: The life of pope Pius XII, by Robert A. Ventresca, Cambridge, MA: Belknap Press of Harvard University Press, 2013, pp. 405, hardback, US$35.00.
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  36.  30
    The Price of Freedom: Edmund Rice Educational Leader [Book Review].Brian Lucas - 2012 - The Australasian Catholic Record 89 (1):121.
    Lucas, Brian Review(s) of: The price of freedom: Edmund Rice educational leader, by Denis McLaughlin, East Kew: David Lovell Publishing, 2007, pp.397, $45.00.
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  37.  10
    Maintaining a Convinced and Pondered Trust: The 2015 Gasson Lectures; The People's Quest for Leadership in Church and State [Book Review].Brian Lucas - 2017 - The Australasian Catholic Record 94 (2):252.
    Lucas, Brian Review of: Maintaining a convinced and pondered trust: The 2015 Gasson lectures, by Frank Brennan, Adelaide: ATF Theology, 2015, pp. xvii + 131, paperback, $24.95; The people's quest for leadership in church and state, by Frank Brennan, Adelaide: ATF Theology, 2015, pp. xvii + 88, paperback, $24.95.
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  38.  8
    The Breath of the Spirit in the Church: The Sensus Fidelium and Canon Law [Book Review].Brian Lucas - 2017 - The Australasian Catholic Record 94 (2):246.
    Lucas, Brian Review of: The breath of the spirit in the church: The sensus fidelium and canon law, by Anthony Ekpo, Strathfield, NSW: St Pauls, 2014, pp. 260, paperback, $24.95.
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  39.  27
    I Have Recently Had an E-Mail From Mr Evin Harris of Trinity College Dublin.J. R. Lucas - manuscript
    Dear Mr. Lucas, I was wondering if you had come across Query 44 of George Berkeley's ``Analyst: A discourse addressed to an infidel mathematician"?. It reads: ``Whether the difference between a mere computer and a man of science be not that one computes on principles clearly conceived and by rules evidently demonstrated, whereas the other [i.e a man] doth not?" Not bad for 1734!
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  40.  11
    Connected Toward Communion: The Church and Social Communication in the Digital Age [Book Review].Brian Lucas - 2015 - The Australasian Catholic Record 92 (4):506.
    Lucas, Brian Review of: Connected toward communion: The church and social communication in the digital age, by Daniella Zsupan-Jerome, Collegeville, MN: Liturgical Press, 2014, pp. 130, paperback, $36.95.
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  41.  11
    Not-for-Profit Law: Theoretical and Comparative Perspectives [Book Review].Brian Lucas - 2015 - The Australasian Catholic Record 92 (1):120.
    Lucas, Brian Review of: Not-for-profit law: Theoretical and comparative perspectives, by ed. Matthew Harding, Ann O'Connell and Miranda Stewart, pp. 396, ebook $125.40, hardback $175.00.
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  42.  9
    This Gödel is Killing Me: A Rejoinder.John Lucas - 2003 - Etica E Politica 5 (1):1.
    Hutton asserts that Lucas’ use of Gödel’s theorem against Mechanism is incorrect because of the impossibility to assume human minds’ consistency: he tries to show that there is a non-zero probability of a mind’s embracing mutually inconsistent propositions; moreover Hutton maintains that the request of human minds’ consistency is a request of infallibility. Lucas replies that the mistake of Hutton’s argument consists in his assigning probabilities to a mind’s accepting any proposition without considering what that mind has done (...)
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  43.  17
    Comments: Reality and Time.J. R. Lucas - 1997 - International Studies in the Philosophy of Science 11 (1):97 – 108.
    (1997). Comments: Reality and time. International Studies in the Philosophy of Science: Vol. 11, Festschrift for J. R. Lucas, pp. 97-108. doi: 10.1080/02698599708573553.
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  44.  12
    About Me.Hello John Lucas - unknown
    Hello Mr John Lucas, I go to school in Perth in Western Australia. In the subject mathematics at my school, we were given a project to research a given mathematician and write a report on them. I was given you. I have to incorporate some information about the mathematical times in which you live and to attempt to include details of the contribution that you made to the field of mathematics. I also have to include a short biography of (...)
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  45. Conceptual Roots of Mathematics.J. R. Lucas - 2011 - Routledge.
    The Conceptual Roots of Mathematics is a comprehensive study of the foundation of mathematics. J.R. Lucas, one of the most distinguished Oxford scholars, covers a vast amount of ground in the philosophy of mathematics, showing us that it is actually at the heart of the study of epistemology and metaphysics.
     
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  46. Conceptual Roots of Mathematics.J. R. Lucas - 1999 - Routledge.
    _The Conceptual Roots of Mathematics_ is a comprehensive study of the foundation of mathematics. J.R. Lucas, one of the most distinguished Oxford scholars, covers a vast amount of ground in the philosophy of mathematics, showing us that it is actually at the heart of the study of epistemology and metaphysics.
     
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  47. Ethics and Cyber Warfare: The Quest for Responsible Security in the Age of Digital Warfare.George Lucas - 2017 - Oxford University Press USA.
    From North Korea's recent attacks on Sony to perpetual news reports of successful hackings and criminal theft, cyber conflict has emerged as a major topic of public concern. Yet even as attacks on military, civilian, and commercial targets have escalated, there is not yet a clear set of ethical guidelines that apply to cyber warfare. Indeed, like terrorism, cyber warfare is commonly believed to be a war without rules. Given the prevalence cyber warfare, developing a practical moral code for this (...)
     
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  48. Human and Machine Logic: A Rejoinder.John Lucas - 2003 - Etica E Politica 5 (1):1.
    These two articles are very interesting examples of how Lucas’ argument is not a direct proof but a dialectical argument depending from Mechanists’ first move. Good, starting from the Mentalists’ point of view, underlines that it is useless to argue that any program can be improved because the process for improving it can be programmed; he argues against Mentalism by denying that there are particular mental powers, because otherwise they could be described and so a computer could be programmed (...)
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  49. Knowing the Unknowable God: How Faith Thrives on Divine Mystery.J. R. Lucas - 2003 - Waterbrook Press.
    Meet the God Who Is Greater Than Your Biggest Questions. The Bible never shies away from seeming contradictions. We are told both to resist our enemies and to love them, and that our all-knowing God can sometimes forget. Unable to reconcile such biblical paradoxes, some people abandon Christianity, while others pretend that the seeming contradictions don’t exist–preferring to believe in an uncomplicated, easy-to-comprehend God. Yet countless others are hungry for new insight into the God behind the Bible’s mysterious paradoxes. Responding (...)
     
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  50. Moving a Seminary: A Personal Recollection Part 2: The Strathfield/Homebush Story.Brian Lucas - 2019 - The Australasian Catholic Record 96 (3):333.
    Lucas, Brian The Seminary of the Good Shepherd commenced at Homebush in 1996, following the closure of St Patrick's College at the end of 1995. In his quinquennial report for the years 1993-98, Cardinal Clancy made some comments on the move. He explained that the transition from one site to another provided a unique opportunity to examine past traditions. The timing coincided with the decision of the Holy See to commission a general review of seminaries, and that was undertaken (...)
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