17 found
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  1.  49
    Meta-Awareness, Perceptual Decoupling and the Wandering Mind.Jonathan W. Schooler, Jonathan Smallwood, Kalina Christoff, Todd C. Handy, Erik D. Reichle & Michael A. Sayette - 2011 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 15 (7):319-326.
  2.  84
    The E-Z Reader Model of Eye-Movement Control in Reading: Comparisons to Other Models.Erik D. Reichle, Keith Rayner & Alexander Pollatsek - 2003 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 26 (4):445-476.
    The E-Z Reader model (Reichle et al. 1998; 1999) provides a theoretical framework for understanding how word identification, visual processing, attention, and oculomotor control jointly determine when and where the eyes move during reading. In this article, we first review what is known about eye movements during reading. Then we provide an updated version of the model (E-Z Reader 7) and describe how it accounts for basic findings about eye movement control in reading. We then review several alternative models of (...)
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  3.  5
    Toward a Model of Eye Movement Control in Reading.Erik D. Reichle, Alexander Pollatsek, Donald L. Fisher & Keith Rayner - 1998 - Psychological Review 105 (1):125-157.
  4.  17
    Further Tests of a Dynamic‐Adjustment Account of Saccade Targeting During the Reading of Chinese.Yanping Liu, Ren Huang, Dingguo Gao & Erik D. Reichle - 2017 - Cognitive Science 41 (S6).
    There are two accounts of how readers of unspaced writing systems know where to move their eyes: saccades are directed toward default targets ; or saccade lengths are adjusted dynamically, as a function of ongoing parafoveal processing. This article reports an eye-movement experiment supporting the latter hypothesis by demonstrating that the slope of the relationship between the saccade launch site on word N and the subsequent fixation landing site on word N + 1 is > 1, suggesting that saccades are (...)
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  5. Encoding Multiple Words Simultaneously in Reading is Implausible.Erik D. Reichle, Simon P. Liversedge, Alexander Pollatsek & Keith Rayner - 2009 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 13 (3):115-119.
    Several prominent models of reading posit that attention is distributed to support the parallel lexical processing of multiple words. We contend that the auxiliary assumptions underlying this attention-gradient hypothesis are not well founded. Here, we address three specific issues related to the ongoing debate about attention allocation during reading: (i) why the attention-gradient hypothesis is widely endorsed, (ii) why processing several words in parallel in reading is implausible and (iii) why attention must be allocated to only one word at a (...)
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  6.  1
    Using E-Z Reader to Simulate Eye Movements in Nonreading Tasks: A Unified Framework for Understanding the Eye–Mind Link.Erik D. Reichle, Alexander Pollatsek & Keith Rayner - 2012 - Psychological Review 119 (1):155-185.
  7.  14
    Investigating the Causes of Wrap-Up Effects: Evidence From Eye Movements and E–Z Reader.Tessa Warren, Sarah J. White & Erik D. Reichle - 2009 - Cognition 111 (1):132-137.
  8.  30
    Eye Movements in Reading: Models and Data.Keith Rayner, Alexander Pollatsek & Erik D. Reichle - 2003 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 26 (4):507-518.
    The issues the commentators have raised and which we address, include: the debate over how attention is allocated during reading; our distinction between early and late stages of lexical processing; our assumptions about saccadic programming; the determinants of skipping and refixations; and the role that higher-level linguistic processing may play in influencing eye movements during reading. In addition, we provide a discussion of model development and principles for evaluating and comparing models. Although we acknowledge that E-Z Reader is incomplete, we (...)
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  9.  9
    Tracking the Mind During Reading Via Eye Movements: Comments on Kliegl, Nuthmann, and Engbert.Keith Rayner, Alexander Pollatsek, Denis Drieghe, Timothy J. Slattery & Erik D. Reichle - 2007 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 136 (3):520-529.
  10.  35
    The Emergence of Adaptive Eye Movements in Reading.Yanping Liu & Erik D. Reichle - 2010 - In S. Ohlsson & R. Catrambone (eds.), Proceedings of the 32nd Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society. Cognitive Science Society. pp. 1136--1141.
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  11.  8
    Using Reinforcement Learning to Understand the Emergence of "Intelligent" Eye-Movement Behavior During Reading.Erik D. Reichle & Patryk A. Laurent - 2006 - Psychological Review 113 (2):390-408.
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  12.  85
    Using Reinforcement Learning to Examine Dynamic Attention Allocation During Reading.Yanping Liu, Erik D. Reichle & Ding‐Guo Gao - 2013 - Cognitive Science 37 (8):1507-1540.
    A fundamental question in reading research concerns whether attention is allocated strictly serially, supporting lexical processing of one word at a time, or in parallel, supporting concurrent lexical processing of two or more words (Reichle, Liversedge, Pollatsek, & Rayner, 2009). The origins of this debate are reviewed. We then report three simulations to address this question using artificial reading agents (Liu & Reichle, 2010; Reichle & Laurent, 2006) that learn to dynamically allocate attention to 1–4 words to “read” as efficiently (...)
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  13.  6
    The FVF Framework and Target Prevalence Effects.Tamaryn Menneer, Hayward J. Godwin, Simon P. Liversedge, Anne P. Hillstrom, Valerie Benson, Erik D. Reichle & Nick Donnelly - 2017 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 40.
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  14.  6
    Models of Chinese Reading: Review and Analysis.Erik D. Reichle & Lili Yu - 2018 - Cognitive Science 42 (S4):1154-1165.
    Our understanding of the cognitive processes involved in reading has been advanced by computational models that simulate those processes. Unfortunately, most of these models have been developed to explain the reading of English and other alphabetic languages, with relatively fewer efforts to examine whether or not the assumptions of these models also explain what has been learned from other languages and, in particular, non-alphabetic writing systems like Chinese. In this article, we will review those computational models that have been developed (...)
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  15.  14
    An Analysis of the Time Course of Lexical Processing During Reading.Heather Sheridan & Erik D. Reichle - 2016 - Cognitive Science 40 (3):522-553.
    Reingold, Reichle, Glaholt, and Sheridan reported a gaze-contingent eye-movement experiment in which survival-curve analyses were used to examine the effects of word frequency, the availability of parafoveal preview, and initial fixation location on the time course of lexical processing. The key results of these analyses suggest that lexical processing begins very rapidly and is supported by substantial parafoveal processing. Because it is not immediately obvious that these results are congruent with the theoretical assumption that words are processed and identified in (...)
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  16.  3
    Chinese Versus English: Insights on Cognition During Reading.Lili Yu & Erik D. Reichle - 2017 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 21 (10):721-724.
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  17.  8
    The Emergence of Frequency Effects in Eye Movements.Polina M. Vanyukov, Tessa Warren, Mark E. Wheeler & Erik D. Reichle - 2012 - Cognition 123 (1):185-189.
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