Results for 'Erin Leddon'

568 found
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  1.  33
    How Early is Infants' Attention to Objects and Actions Shaped by Culture? New Evidence From 24-Month-Olds Raised in the US and China.Sandra R. Waxman, Xiaolan Fu, Brock Ferguson, Kathleen Geraghty, Erin Leddon, Jing Liang & Min-Fang Zhao - 2016 - Frontiers in Psychology 7.
  2.  21
    Republicanism: A Theory of Freedom and Government.Erin Kelly & Philip Pettit - 1999 - Philosophical Review 108 (1):90.
    In his most recent book, Philip Pettit presents and defends a “republican” political philosophy that stems from a tradition that includes Cicero, Machiavelli, James Harrington, Locke, Montesquieu, Rousseau, and Madison. The book provides an interpretation of what is distinctive about republicanism—namely, Pettit claims, its notion of freedom as nondomination. He sketches the history of this notion, and he argues that it entails a unique justification of certain political arrangements and the virtues of citizenship that would make those arrangements possible. Of (...)
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  3. The Minor Gesture.Erin Manning - 2016 - Duke University Press.
    In this wide-ranging and probing book Erin Manning extends her previous inquiries into the politics of movement to the concept of the minor gesture. The minor gesture, although it may pass almost unperceived, transforms the field of relations. More than a chance variation, less than a volition, it requires rethinking common assumptions about human agency and political action. To embrace the minor gesture's power to fashion relations, its capacity to open new modes of experience and manners of expression, is (...)
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  4. What is a Stereotype? What is Stereotyping?Erin Beeghly - 2015 - Hypatia 30 (4):675-691.
    If someone says, “Asians are good at math” or “women are empathetic,” I might interject, “you're stereotyping” in order to convey my disapproval of their utterance. But why is stereotyping wrong? Before we can answer this question, we must better understand what stereotypes are and what stereotyping is. In this essay, I develop what I call the descriptive view of stereotypes and stereotyping. This view is assumed in much of the psychological and philosophical literature on implicit bias and stereotyping, yet (...)
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  5.  12
    The I in Team: Sports Fandom and the Reproduction of Identity.Erin C. Tarver - 2017 - Chicago, IL, USA: University of Chicago Press.
  6. Thought in the Act: Passages in the Ecology of Experience.Erin Manning & Brian Massumi - 2014 - Univ of Minnesota Press.
    “Every practice is a mode of thought, already in the act. To dance: a thinking in movement. To paint: a thinking through color. To perceive in the everyday: a thinking of the world’s varied ways of affording itself.” —from _Thought in the Act _Combining philosophy and aesthetics, _Thought in the Act_ is a unique exploration of creative practice as a form of thinking. Challenging the common opposition between the conceptual and the aesthetic, Erin Manning and Brian Massumi “think through” (...)
     
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  7.  14
    Boring Thoughts and Bored Minds: The MAC Model of Boredom and Cognitive Engagement.Erin C. Westgate & Timothy D. Wilson - 2018 - Psychological Review 125 (5):689-713.
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  8.  93
    A Humean Particularist Virtue Ethic.Erin Frykholm - 2015 - Philosophical Studies 172 (8):2171-2191.
    Virtue ethical theories typically follow a neo-Aristotelian or quasi-Aristotelian model, making use of various combinations of key features of the Aristotelian model including eudaimonism, perfectionism, an account of practical wisdom, and the thesis of the unity of the virtues. In this paper I motivate what I call a Humean virtue ethic, which is a deeply particularist account of virtue that rejects all of these central tenets, at least in their traditional forms. Focusing on three factors by which Hume determines virtue, (...)
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  9.  24
    Relationscapes: Movement, Art, Philosophy.Erin Manning - 2012 - MIT Press.
    With _Relationscapes_, Erin Manning offers a new philosophy of movement challenging the idea that movement is simple displacement in space, knowable only in terms of the actual. Exploring the relation between sensation and thought through the prisms of dance, cinema, art, and new media, Manning argues for the intensity of movement. From this idea of intensity--the incipiency at the heart of movement--Manning develops the concept of preacceleration, which makes palpable how movement creates relational intervals out of which displacements take (...)
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  10. Failing to Treat Persons as Individuals.Erin Beeghly - 2018 - Ergo: An Open Access Journal of Philosophy 5.
    If someone says, “You’ve stereotyped me,” we hear the statement as an accusation. One way to interpret the accusation is as follows: you haven’t seen or treated me as an individual. In this essay, I interpret and evaluate a theory of wrongful stereotyping inspired by this thought, which I call the failure-to-individualize theory of wrongful stereotyping. According to this theory, stereotyping is wrong if and only if it involves failing to treat persons as individuals. I argue that the theory—however one (...)
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  11.  6
    The Limits of Blame: Rethinking Punishment and Responsibility.Erin I. Kelly - 2018 - Harvard University Press.
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  12.  75
    For Shame: Feminism, Breastfeeding Advocacy, and Maternal Guilt.Erin N. Taylor & Lora Ebert Wallace - 2012 - Hypatia 27 (1):76-98.
    In this paper, we provide a new framework for understanding infant-feeding-related maternal guilt and shame, placing these in the context of feminist theoretical and psychological accounts of the emotions of self-assessment. Whereas breastfeeding advocacy has been critiqued for its perceived role in inducing maternal guilt, we argue that the emotion women often feel surrounding infant feeding may be better conceptualized as shame in its tendency to involve a negative self-assessment—a failure to achieve an idealized notion of good motherhood. Further, we (...)
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  13.  21
    Confucius, Rawls, and the Sense of Justice.Erin M. Cline - 2013 - Fordham University Press.
    Methods in comparative work -- The sense of justice in Rawls -- The sense of justice in the analects -- Two senses of justice -- The contemporary relevance of a sense of justice.
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  14. Math Anxiety: Who has It, Why It Develops, and How to Guard Against It.Erin A. Maloney & Sian L. Beilock - 2012 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 16 (8):404-406.
  15.  18
    Chunk‐Based Memory Constraints on the Cultural Evolution of Language.Erin S. Isbilen & Morten H. Christiansen - 2018 - Topics in Cognitive Science 12 (2):713-726.
  16. Criminal Justice Without Retribution.Erin I. Kelly - 2009 - Journal of Philosophy 106 (8):440-462.
  17.  97
    Bias and Knowledge: Two Metaphors.Erin Beeghly - 2020 - In Erin Beeghly & Alex Madva (eds.), An Introduction to Implicit Bias: Knowledge, Justice, and the Social Mind. New York, NY, USA: pp. 77-98.
    If you care about securing knowledge, what is wrong with being biased? Often it is said that we are less accurate and reliable knowers due to implicit biases. Likewise, many people think that biases reflect inaccurate claims about groups, are based on limited experience, and are insensitive to evidence. Chapter 3 investigates objections such as these with the help of two popular metaphors: bias as fog and bias as shortcut. Guiding readers through these metaphors, I argue that they clarify the (...)
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  18. Variations in Judgments of Intentional Action and Moral Evaluation Across Eight Cultures.Erin Robbins, Jason Shepard & Philippe Rochat - 2017 - Cognition 164:22-30.
    Individuals tend to judge bad side effects as more intentional than good side effects (the Knobe or side- effect effect). Here, we assessed how widespread these findings are by testing eleven adult cohorts of eight highly contrasted cultures on their attributions of intentional action as well as ratings of blame and praise. We found limited generalizability of the original side-effect effect, and even a reversal of the effect in two rural, traditional cultures (Samoa and Vanuatu) where participants were more likely (...)
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  19.  75
    A New Conventionalist Theory of Promising.Erin Taylor - 2013 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 91 (4):667-682.
    Conventionalists about promising believe that it is wrong to break a promise because the promisor takes advantage of a useful social convention only to fail to do his part in maintaining it. Anti-conventionalists claim that the wrong of breaking a promise has nothing essentially to do with a social convention. Anti-conventionalists are right that the social convention is not necessary to explain the wrong of breaking most promises. But conventionalists are right that the convention plays an essential role in any (...)
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  20. Music Acquisition: Effects of Enculturation and Formal Training on Development.Erin E. Hannon & Laurel J. Trainor - 2007 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 11 (11):466-472.
  21.  16
    Politics of Touch: Sense, Movement, Sovereignty.Erin Manning - 2006 - Univ of Minnesota Press.
    Printbegrænsninger: Der kan printes 10 sider ad gangen og max. 40 sider pr. session.
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  22.  15
    Mathematics Anxiety Affects Counting but Not Subitizing During Visual Enumeration.Erin A. Maloney, Evan F. Risko, Daniel Ansari & Jonathan Fugelsang - 2010 - Cognition 114 (2):293-297.
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  23.  14
    A Tangled Web: Views of Deception From the Customer's Perspective.Erin Adamson Gillespie, Katie Hybnerova, Carol Esmark & Stephanie M. Noble - 2016 - Business Ethics: A European Review 25 (2):198-216.
    While there has been extensive research on deception, extant literature has not examined how deception is processed solely from the customer's perspective. Extensive qualitative interviews were conducted and analyzed to inform the proposed framework. Cognitive dissonance theory and attribution theory are used to frame the process consumers go through when deception is perceived. When consumers perceive deceit, they will consider attribution before determining intentionality. Internal attributions relieve the company of wrongdoing to some extent, whereas external attributions lead consumers to examine (...)
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  24. Stability and Partiality in Hume’s Moral Philosophy: A Response to Louis Loeb.Erin I. Kelly - 2004 - Hume Studies 30 (2):329-338.
    Hume’s moral philosophy is a sentiment-based view. Moral judgment is a matter of the passions; certain traits of character count as virtues or vices because of the approval or disapproval they evoke in us, feelings that express concern we have about the social effects of these traits. A sentiment-based approach is attractive, since morality seems fundamentally to involve caring for other people. Sentiment-based views, however, face a real challenge. It is clear that our affections are often particular; we favor certain (...)
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  25. An Ethical Market in Human Organs.C. A. Erin - 2003 - Journal of Medical Ethics 29 (3):137-138.
    While people’s lives continue to be put at risk by the dearth of organs available for transplantation, we must give urgent consideration to any option that may make up the shortfall. A market in organs from living donors is one such option. The market should be ethically supportable, and have built into it, for example, safeguards against wrongful exploitation. This can be accomplished by establishing a single purchaser system within a confined marketplace.Statistics can be dehumanising. The following numbers, however, have (...)
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  26.  28
    Strategic Fouls: A New Defense.Erin Flynn - 2017 - Journal of the Philosophy of Sport 44 (3):342-358.
    Among philosophers, the question about strategic fouls has been whether they are ethically justified in light of our best conception of sport. This paper proposes a different defense. I argue that many strategic fouls should be excused even if we regard them as unjustified. I first lay out a partial defense of the assumptions that playing to win cannot be subordinate to playing skillfully and that winning has value that cannot be accounted for in terms of the skill that produces (...)
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  27.  15
    The Challenges of Incorporating Research Ethics Consultation Into Institutional Human Subjects Protections Programs.Erin Talati Paquette & Lainie Ross - 2018 - American Journal of Bioethics 18 (1):49-51.
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  28.  38
    Erratum: Math Anxiety: Who has It, Why It Develops, and How to Guard Against It. [REVIEW]Erin A. Maloney & Sian L. Beilock - 2012 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 16 (10):526.
  29.  7
    Pioneer Factors and ATP-Dependent Chromatin Remodeling Factors Interact Dynamically: A New Perspective.Erin E. Swinstead, Ville Paakinaho, Diego M. Presman & Gordon L. Hager - 2016 - Bioessays 38 (11):1150-1157.
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  30.  22
    Animal Pragmatism: Rethinking Human-Nonhuman Relationships.Erin McKenna & Andrew Light (eds.) - 2004 - Indiana University Press.
    What does American pragmatism contribute to contemporary debates about human-animal relationships? Does it acknowledge our connections to all living things? Does it bring us closer to an ethical treatment of all animals?
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  31.  15
    Plasticity, Innateness, and the Path to Language in the Primate Brain.Erin Hecht - 2018 - Interaction Studies. Social Behaviour and Communication in Biological and Artificial Systemsinteraction Studies / Social Behaviour and Communication in Biological and Artificial Systemsinteraction Studies 19 (1-2):54-69.
    Many researchers consider language to be definitionally unique to humans. However, increasing evidence suggests that language emerged via a series of adaptations to neural systems supporting earlier capacities for visuomotor integration and manual action. This paper reviews comparative neuroscience evidence for the evolutionary progression of these adaptations. An outstanding question is how to mechanistically explain the emergence of new capacities from pre-existing circuitry. One possibility is that human brains may have undergone selection for greater plasticity, reducing the extent to which (...)
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  32.  23
    Motivated Recall in the Service of the Economic System: The Case of Anthropogenic Climate Change.Erin P. Hennes, Benjamin C. Ruisch, Irina Feygina, Christopher A. Monteiro & John T. Jost - 2016 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 145 (6):755-771.
  33.  15
    Attitudes Toward Cognitive Enhancement: The Role of Metaphor and Context.Erin C. Conrad, Stacey Humphries & Anjan Chatterjee - 2019 - American Journal of Bioethics Neuroscience 10 (1):35-47.
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  34.  52
    Relationscapes: Movement, Art, Philosophy.Erin Manning - 2009 - MIT Press.
    Prelude -- What moves as a body returns as a movement of thought -- Introduction: Events of relation : concepts in the making -- Incipient action : the dance of the not-yet -- The elasticity of the almost -- A mover's guide to standing still -- Taking the next step -- Dancing the technogenetic body -- Perceptions in folding -- Grace taking form : Marey's movement machines -- Animation's dance -- From biopolitics to the biogram, or, how Leni Riefenstahl moves (...)
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  35. The Dismissal of Feminist Philosophy and Hostility to Women in the Profession.Erin C. Tarver - 2013 - APA Newsletter on Feminist Philosophy 12 (2):8-11.
  36.  80
    Particulars, Practices, and Pragmatic Feminism: Breaking Rules and Rulings with William James.Erin C. Tarver - 2007 - Journal of Speculative Philosophy 21 (4):pp. 275-290.
  37.  29
    Civil Disobedience, and What Else? Making Space for Uncivil Forms of Resistance.Erin R. Pineda - forthcoming - European Journal of Political Theory.
    Theorists of political obligation have long devoted special attention to civil disobedience, establishing its pride of place as an object of philosophical analysis, and as one of a short li...
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  38. On Tolerating the Unreasonable.Erin Kelly & Lionel McPherson - 2001 - Journal of Political Philosophy 9 (1):38–55.
  39.  22
    The Ethics of Law’s Authority: On Tommie Shelby's, Dark Ghettos: Injustice, Dissent, and Reform.Erin I. Kelly - forthcoming - Criminal Law and Philosophy.
    Tommie Shelby argues that social injustice undermines the moral standing states would have, were they just, to condemn criminal wrongdoers. He makes a good argument, but he does not go far enough to reject the blaming function of punishment. Shelby’s argument from “impure dissent,” in particular, helps to demonstrate the limits of blame in criminal justice.
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  40.  56
    Feminism and Farming: A Response to Paul Thompson’s the Agrarian Vision. [REVIEW]Erin McKenna - 2012 - Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 25 (4):529-534.
    Feminism and Farming: A Response to Paul Thompson’s the Agrarian Vision Content Type Journal Article Pages 1-6 DOI 10.1007/s10806-011-9328-0 Authors Erin McKenna, Department of Philosophy, Pacific Lutheran University, Tacoma, WA, USA Journal Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics Online ISSN 1573-322X Print ISSN 1187-7863.
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  41.  11
    Families of Virtue: Confucian and Western Views on Childhood Development.Erin M. Cline - 2015 - Cambridge University Press.
    _Families of Virtue_ articulates the critical role of the parent-child relationship in the moral development of infants and children. Building on thinkers and scientists across time and disciplines, from ancient Greek and Chinese philosophers to contemporary feminist ethicists and attachment theorists, this book takes an effective approach for strengthening families and the character of children. Early Confucian philosophers argue that the general ethical sensibilities we develop during infancy and early childhood form the basis for nearly every virtue and that the (...)
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  42. The Effect of Relationship Status on Communicating Emotions Through Touch.Erin H. Thompson & James A. Hampton - 2011 - Cognition and Emotion 25 (2):295-306.
  43. Two Senses of Justice: Confucianism, Rawls, and Comparative Political Philosophy.Erin M. Cline - 2007 - Dao: A Journal of Comparative Philosophy 6 (4):361-381.
    This paper argues that a comparative study of the idea of a sense of justice in the work of John Rawls and the early Chinese philosopher Kongzi is mutually beneficial to our understanding of the thought of both figures. It also aims to provide an example of the relevance of moral psychology for basic questions in political philosophy. The paper offers an analysis of Rawls’s account of a sense of justice and its place within his theory of justice, focusing on (...)
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  44.  3
    Beyond the Apnea Test: An Argument to Broaden the Requirement for Consent to the Entire Brain Death Evaluation.Erin Paquette, Joel Frader, Seema Shah, Robert C. Tasker & Robert Truog - 2020 - American Journal of Bioethics 20 (6):17-19.
    Volume 20, Issue 6, June 2020, Page 17-19.
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  45.  37
    Effects of Perspective and Belief on Analytic Reasoning in a Scientific Reasoning Task.Erin L. Beatty & Valerie A. Thompson - 2012 - Thinking and Reasoning 18 (4):441-460.
  46.  70
    Participatory Organic Certification in Mexico: An Alternative Approach to Maintaining the Integrity of the Organic Label. [REVIEW]Erin Nelson, Laura Gómez Tovar, Rita Schwentesius Rindermann & Manuel Ángel Gómez Cruz - 2010 - Agriculture and Human Values 27 (2):227-237.
    Over the past two decades the growth of the organic sector has been accompanied by a shift away from first party, or peer review, systems of certification and towards third party certification, in which a disinterested party is responsible for the development of organic standards and the verification of producer compliance. This paper explores some of the limitations of the third party certification model and presents the case of Mexico as an example of how an alternative form of participatory certification (...)
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  47.  53
    Mirrors, Minds, and Metaphors.Erin M. Cline - 2008 - Philosophy East and West 58 (3):pp. 337-357.
    The metaphor of the heart or mind as a mirror appears not only in the work of Zhuangzi and Xunzi but also in the work of Western philosophers such as Kierkegaard and Rorty. This essay shows how a properly contextualized comparison of the mirror metaphor in the work of these four philosophers highlights the different ways in which they use it, helping us to understand more clearly critical differences between their views. The significance of the mirror metaphor in the work (...)
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  48. Irreconcilable Differences.Erin Taylor - 2013 - American Philosophical Quarterly 50 (2):181-192.
    This paper argues that theoretical consistency and actionguidingness—as these have been formulated in the moral dilemmas debate—do not rule out interpersonal moral conflict. This leaves open the possibility that theoretical consistency and action-guidingness may demand more than what has been traditionally assumed. That question is considered here. Do these resources rule out all-things-considered interpersonal moral conflict in non-consequentialist theories? This paper argues that neither theoretical consistency nor action-guidingness can rule out such conflict, but action-guidingness properly construed provides a desideratum against (...)
     
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  49.  1
    Advertising Primed: How Professional Identity Affects Moral Reasoning.Erin Schauster, Patrick Ferrucci, Edson Tandoc & Tara Walker - forthcoming - Journal of Business Ethics:1-13.
    Moral reasoning among media professionals varies. Historically, advertising professionals score lower on the Defining Issues Test than their media colleagues in journalism and public relations. However, the extent to which professional identity impacts media professionals’ moral reasoning has yet to be examined. To understand how professional identity influences moral reasoning, if at all, and guided by theories of moral psychology and social identity, 134 advertising practitioners working in the USA participated in an online experiment. While professional identity was not a (...)
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  50.  34
    Justice and Confucianism.Erin M. Cline - 2014 - Philosophy Compass 9 (3):165-175.
    This article surveys contemporary scholarship on justice and early Confucianism and builds upon recent work on justice in the Analects by examining the relationship between justice and moral self-cultivation in the Mengzi (Mencius) and the Xunzi. It is argued that focusing on early Confucian accounts of how a sense of justice is cultivated offers insights into Confucian views of justice because it shows how remarks on justice in the Analects, Mengzi, and Xunzi are not tangential, but rather are an important (...)
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